Military Review

How the Caucasian Islamic Army stormed Baku

89
100 years ago, in September 1918, the Turks and Azerbaijanis took Baku. Massacres of Armenians took place in the city, up to 30 thousands of Armenians were killed.


The loss of Baku was a sensitive blow to both Soviet Russia (which sent a note of protest against the Ottoman Empire’s violation of the conditions of the Brest Peace), deprived of its only supporting base in Transcaucasia and the source of oil supplies, and for England, which continued the war with the Ottoman Empire. Now the Turks could carry out further expansion into the regions of the former Russian Empire populated by Muslims and Turks — to the North Caucasus and across the Caspian Sea to Central Asia. However, attempts to implement the Pan-Turkic plans put an end to the end of the First World War and the defeat of the Ottoman Empire.

War of Azerbaijan and Baku

Political and national conflicts have led to the outbreak of war between the Azerbaijani government in Ganja and the Council of People's Commissars of the Transcaucasus. Musavetists (from the Musavat party) tried to attack Baku, but the front stopped in the area of ​​the Kurdamir station, about halfway between the two centers of power. The combat capability of the forces of Azerbaijan and Baku was low. Muslims fled, not wanting to fight. Therefore, the gangs of the Beks were the most powerful units of Azerbaijan. The Red Guards also had low discipline, deserted, and the Muslims went over to the side of the enemy. The most conscious and efficient force of Baku was the Armenian detachments.

A certain balance was broken when Turkey sent 6-thousand to help Azerbaijan. squad Nuri Pasha, who became the core of the Caucasian Islamic Army. The red front crackled. From 27 June to 1 July 1918, the battle of Goychay took place. After being defeated, the Reds began to depart along the railway in the direction of Baku. The initiative went to the Caucasian Islamic Army. July 2 the red units left Ahsu, July 10, after three days of fighting, Kurdamir, July 14 the station Karar, and continued to depart along the railway. July 20 Reds were knocked out of the city of Shemakhi. After the capture of the city, the Turkish-Azerbaijani forces continued their advance towards Baku.

In Baku, following the example of Georgia, they tried to rely on the Germans. Germany was interested in the Baku oil fields - Baku was Russia's largest center of oil production. The German command even planned to remove from the Balkan theater a brigade of cavalry and 6 infantry battalions, to transfer to Poti to march on Baku. Moscow also tried to help the Soviet government in Baku: it promised free access to Baku oil if Berlin put pressure on Istanbul. But Germany was no longer up to Baku. The last decisive battle with the Entente was taking place on the Western Front. The Turkish Empire was also falling apart, so Nuri Pasha acted on his own. Moscow promised help, but only a detachment of Petrov arrived (600 fighters and 6 guns). The rest of the troops that followed in Baku were forced to leave Tsaritsyn, which was threatened by the Cossack Don Army. Then at the Baku Council decided to call for help the British, who took positions in northern Persia.


Offensive actions of Turkish and British troops in the Caucasus, 1918. Map source: https://ru.wikipedia.org

As a result, a critical situation has developed in Baku. Turkish-Azerbaijani troops attacked the city. Soviet Russia could not send significant forces to help. The British at that time could not provide significant assistance, although they very highly appreciated the oil fields of Baku. They sent only a small detachment. Famine began in the city. There was no food supply from Russia, and the neighboring Muslim peasants did not want to sell anything to the “Armenian government”. The Council of People's Commissars provoked resistance from other political forces with their policies, and the authority of the commissars quickly declined. In the Baku Council, the Bolsheviks were in the minority. The commissars were not able to suppress the resistance of the other parties. In the Caspian flotilla Socialist-Revolutionaries prevailed. The Dashnak units did not defend the ideas of the world revolution, but the Armenian population, who escaped here from the massacre from all over Azerbaijan.

How the Caucasian Islamic Army stormed Baku

The commander of the Caucasian Islamic Army Nuri Pasha with his adjutant in Baku. 1918 year

Sturm Baku

30 — 31 July 1918, the Caucasian Muslim army launched the first assault on Baku. At that time, a change of power was taking place in the city - the Baku commissars, who resigned in protest against the decision of the local council to invite British troops to defend the city, replaced the so-called “Dictatorship of the Central Caspian”. The dictatorship of the Central Caspian received its name from the abbreviation of the name of the Central Committee of the Caspian Military Flotilla - the highest Soviet elected organ of the Caspian Flotilla, established in Baku in November 1917 of the year. But the Social Revolutionaries, Mensheviks and Dashnaks (the Armenian party) prevailed in this body of power.

Baku commissars removed their loyal parts from the front and began loading onto ships, intending to leave for Astrakhan. This escape attempt caused an outburst of indignation. As a result, the new government of Baku arrested Baku commissars for attempting to flee to Astrakhan without a report on budget expenditures and an attempt to evacuate valuable property. In the end, it all ended in a new compromise. The arrested Bolsheviks were released, the red units returned to the front and repulsed the first assault.


The gun of the Caucasian Islamic Army during the Battle of Baku. 1918 year

Meanwhile, the situation at the front has become critical. One of the red commanders - Lazar Bicherakhov, revolted. The Tersk Cossack (of Ossetian origin) served in the expeditionary corps of General Baratov in Persia during World War II. At the beginning of 1918, a small detachment (about a thousand people) was formed in Persia in the service of the British. Then he entered the service of the Baku commissars (obviously, with the consent of the British). July 30 left with his detachment (2 thousand fighters) line of defense and went to Dagestan, exposing a section of the front more than 30 kilometers. Bicherahov and his squad captured Derbent and Petrovsk, created and headed the government of the Caucasian-Caspian Union, which consisted of nine representatives (two from the Tersky Cossack-Peasant Government, two from the Transcaspian Executive Committee, two from Mugan and Lankaran and one from the cities of Petrovsk , Derbent and the Armenian National Council), in September recognized the Ufa directory.

The situation was saved for a while by the British, who nevertheless arrived in Baku by sea from Persia and remained in the city of three thousand Red Army soldiers who entered an unexpected tactical alliance against the Turks. On August 4 a small English detachment landed in Baku. On August 5, the Turks broke into the Bibi Heybat district of Baku. But they were quickly knocked out by artillery fire and counter-attack by the Red Army and the British. During the battle, the Turks suffered serious losses and briefly retreated from Baku, preparing a new, more well-prepared assault.


Unloading British in Baku

In the meantime, the Bolsheviks held a new conference, it was decided that the city should not be held back. It was necessary to remove the troops from the front and leave by sea. They again embarked on the steamers and tried to leave. But they were stopped by the ships of the Caspian flotilla. Baku commissars arrested. On August 13, thousands of Red Army soldiers who were in Baku 3 were disarmed by the forces of the Central Caspian Dictatorship and sent to Astrakhan. The government of the Socialist-Revolutionaries and Mensheviks, on the one hand, did not want to see the Reds in the city, but on the other hand, they could not contain them as prisoners of war. On August 17, another British detachment arrived in Baku by sea from northern Persia. The local armed formations of the Centro-Caspian Dictatorship, delighted by this, tried on the same day to attack the Turkish-Azerbaijani troops standing on the approaches to Baku. But the attack was unsuccessful, the Turks retained their positions and continued to prepare for a decisive storming of Baku, pulling up new troops in its vicinity.

26 August The Caucasian Islamic Army (united Turkish-Azerbaijani troops) again launched attacks on British positions near Baku. The British repulsed four attacks in one place, but, not receiving help from the troops of the Dictatorship of the Central Caspian, were forced to retreat. In another place (north of Baku), the British managed to hold positions. In these battles, 83 British soldiers and officers died, for which the British reproached the dictatorship of the Central Caspian. They even threatened to leave Baku and advised to begin negotiations with the Turks on the surrender of the city. In response, the Baku government threatened to open fire on the British steamers.

On September 8, the Turks pulled up an additional 6 thousand soldiers and officers to the outskirts of Baku in preparation for the decisive assault on the city. On September 14, early in the morning, the artillery of the Caucasian Islamic Army began shelling the positions of British and troops of the Dictatorship of the Central Caspian (Baku government in July-September 1918 of the year formed by the Social Revolutionaries, Mensheviks and activists of the Armenian Dashnak party) The British knew about the upcoming decisive assault from the defectors, but the place of the main attack was not known, there were few of them to organize a solid defense. The breakthrough took place in the southwestern part of the city, at the so-called Wolf Gate - about the same place where the Turks tried to storm Baku earlier. The fighters of the Caucasian Islamic Army quickly captured the dominant heights, and the British, seeing the futility of further resistance, began to evacuate (loading ships). During the battles for Baku, they have already lost a killed 180 man from a small contingent (about 1000 soldiers). Towards evening, the leaders of the Central Caspian Dictatorship themselves, and the former rulers of the city, the Baku commissars, who had been freed from prison, fled from the city to the Krasnovodsk, controlled by the Socialist-Revolutionaries and Mensheviks.

In Krasnovodsk, the Baku commissars were again arrested by local authorities. On September 20, the Baku commissars were shot by the decision of the Socialist-Revolutionary and Menshevik government of the Transcaspian region in the Karakum Desert between telegraph poles No. 118 and No. 119. Most of the executed were the leaders of the Baku Commune - the Bolshevik government of Baku in April-July 26.

September 15 Turks and Azeris who lost 2000 people during the fighting for the city entered Baku. They captured only 1700 soldiers and officers who fought for the dictatorship of the Central Caspian (the remaining 7500 in time dressed in civilian clothes and fled). Massacres of Armenians took place in the city, which were destroyed, first of all, not by the soldiers, but by the Turkish militia detachments of the local Azerbaijani militia. 30 of thousands of Armenians were carved up (according to other estimates - several thousand people), “an unbearable carrion smell” stood over the city for a long time. To save their lives, many Armenians tried to impersonate Jews, and then humiliating checks were arranged by stripping naked. Many Armenians fled the city. On September 16, a solemn parade of Turkish and Azerbaijani troops took place in Baku. The government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic soon moved to Baku from Ganja.

The Turks continued their offensive in order to create the "Turan Empire". In early October, Turkish troops invaded Dagestan and, with the support of local Muslim forces, occupied Derbent and Temir-Khan-Shura. However, Turkey suffered a defeat in World War II and, under the Mudros armistice (October 30 1918), withdrew its troops from the South Caucasus. After that, in November 1918, British troops returned to Baku.


Parade of the Caucasian Islamic Army in Baku

Thus, in the Caucasus during the Civil War it was very “fun” and blood flowed. Armenians were isolated, lost most historical their homelands fought surrounded, their enemies were all - Turks, Azerbaijanis, Kurds and even Georgians. Their only hope was for the restoration of Russia - white or red. Georgia lay under Germany and, under the guise of German bayonets, carefully rounded its possessions at the expense of small nations. The Georgian leadership conducted a nationalist and Russophobic policy. Azerbaijan entered into an alliance with the Ottoman Empire and with the help of Turkish troops captured Baku. Then the Turks invaded Dagestan. On the territory of Chechnya and Dagestan, there was a Mountain Republic, which stood on anti-Soviet positions and requested patronage from Germany and Turkey. Bicherakhov with his detachment of Cossacks organized and led the government of the Caucasus-Caspian Union, associated with the British. Parts of Bicherakhov were reorganized into the Caucasian Army, defending Petrovsk from parts of the Caucasian Islamic Army, Dagestan and Chechen detachments. In October, Bicerakhov’s troops were defeated by the Turkish units of the Caucasian Islamic Army that invaded Dagestan and the rest of its units went by sea to Persia, to the British stronghold - Anzeli. Such a bloody mess, where everyone is at war with each other and fighting!


Isaac Brodsky's painting "The shooting of Baku commissioners 26". 1925 year
Author:
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  1. Albatroz
    Albatroz 19 September 2018 07: 33
    +3
    The tragic days of Transcaucasia. That is what Brest and the folding of the Russian Front led to.
    In the blink of an eye, the Russian victory on the Caucasian front in 1914-16. gave way to the undeserved triumph of the Turkish killers and the pogromist.
    With all the ensuing consequences.
    1. Seal
      Seal 29 September 2018 19: 46
      +1
      Quote: Albatroz
      That is what Brest and the folding of the Russian Front led to.

      Brest came later. The commander of the Transcaucasian Front left his post, the front and disappeared in an unknown direction back in 1917. Major General Lebedinsky became, so to speak, the de facto commander of the front in connection with the flight of the commander. Nobody appointed him (Lebedinsky) either as commander or acting commander. Our problem in the First World War was that we went for provocation and got involved in a war on two fronts. On the second (Turkish) front, we won victory after victory. But these victories, apart from moral satisfaction, did not bring any more benefit in the war. But they did harm. The Caucasian front itself brought harm by its presence. And, accordingly, the diversion of human, material and financial resources of our country to it. If the entire Caucasian army suddenly appeared on the South-Western Front at the time of the Lutsk (I do not want to call this breakthrough "Brusilov") breakthrough in the place of the breakthrough, then the war could have ended in 1916.
      And what about the Armenians ??? First of all, you need to think about your homeland !!! And not about the Armenians.
  2. Karenius
    Karenius 19 September 2018 08: 13
    -3
    As in Moscow all the parties were led by the Zionists, so here it was ... The coherence of the actions of the Dashnaks and Bolsheviks in surrendering the position of the Armenians was visible by the hour, and slightly weakened when the patriots in uniform put them an ultimatum ... Documents, confirming the vile essence of the leadership of these parties, beyond measure.
    Just like with the parties today ...
  3. Cheldon
    Cheldon 19 September 2018 08: 52
    0
    Under Shemakhy is the grave of a senior officer of the Turkish army.
  4. antivirus
    antivirus 19 September 2018 09: 07
    +6
    pillars 118 and 119 are not visible in the picture
  5. Operator
    Operator 19 September 2018 09: 31
    +6
    Among the 30000 Armenians carved in Baku there were at least 7500 men from 18 to 50 years, plus an unknown number of Armenians who managed to escape from the city before the Turks and Azerbaijanis entered, plus already formed national Armenian units, plus Armenian women who could be attracted for the formation of hospitals and other rear services.

    On the whole, the mobilization reserve of Armenians can be estimated at 10000 - 15000 people (multiple of the enemy), nevertheless, the overwhelming majority of them sat in the rear and went under the knife of the Turks and Azerbaijanis. Question - Will the Armenians also defend Yerevan in the future Turkish-Armenian war?
    1. Karenius
      Karenius 19 September 2018 12: 04
      -4
      Quote: Operator
      In general, the mobilization reserve of Armenians can be estimated at 10000 - 15000 people (multiple of the number of the enemy),

      Nuri Pasha most likely had 15000 under the bayonet ...
      I said-the coordination of Zionist interaction between the leadership of local parties is just beyond praise !!! It was worth Sardarapat to take the Turkish army to flight - so the order came from Yerevan not to chase or cut down the enemy .. This battle was after the warriors threatened the Dashnaks, who had already prepared to give the keys to the city.
      It was the same in Baku.

      It was the same after the 91st. Therefore, we told Putin not to harness the robot.
      1. Operator
        Operator 19 September 2018 12: 10
        +2
        Then we can, with a clear conscience, withdraw our troops from Armenia (such as not harnessed) bully
        1. Karenius
          Karenius 19 September 2018 14: 35
          -3
          This moment passed ... I already wrote ... October 93. The time was chosen by Turkey with jewelry precision ... Neither the drunkard harnessed, nor the prime minister ... Oleg Lobov and Pavel Grachev harnessed themselves.
          Before that, there was one more time when they did not harness ... then one American warning from Turkey was enough to cool the head off ...
          _______
          What prevents you from leaving today? After all, if you just sit out your pants - then the sense of yours - count zero. So, do not sit out your pants ... gee-gee-gee;)
  6. Brutan
    Brutan 19 September 2018 09: 39
    0
    Trouble does not come alone
    Thank you for the article
  7. BAI
    BAI 19 September 2018 10: 35
    +1
    Yes, there was still porridge in the Caucasus. In my opinion, there can be no order without a dictatorship, until the mentality changes.
  8. Nibiru
    Nibiru 19 September 2018 12: 07
    +2
    An absolutely wrong interpretation of the events that took place, especially regarding the "Armenian massacre". Apparently the article is ordered.
    1. Karenius
      Karenius 19 September 2018 14: 44
      -6
      Of course the article is custom :)
      After all, write about the massacre in Baku of Armenians and not emphasize that six months before that, the Bolsheviks decided to completely slaughter the Muslim population of the city, and the Zionist elite of the Dashnaks opposed this and sent their troops to differentiate the opponents, and also sent Turks to the barracks and put up guard for them? ... order, however ...
      This was written in detail, with the recognition of the erroneousness of this action, from the head of Operation Nemesis, Shaan Natalie ...
      1. Lekxnumx
        Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 15: 13
        +4
        And the Zionists in general? The Nationalist Party of Armenians and the Zionists rule them? The Dashnaks just slaughtered Muslims of Baku, not only Türks, but also other nationalities, for example, Tats (Persian people) There are documents just Soviet confirming this. They cut the Armenians in the case and it was revenge for the March events in which there is an order of magnitude greater. Likbez for the author of the article The State Channel of Russia, the documents are on the Internet, but it’s useless for you to prove something to Armenians.
        1. Karenius
          Karenius 19 September 2018 15: 36
          -4
          It was about the March-April events that I wrote, according to Shaan Natalie.
          By the way, the tats are, as it were, not quite Persians ... rather Jews ... Today they are tats - the roof of Medvedev.
          I repeat - all the Armenian parties in the leadership were Zionists, and it was for Zionism that they worked and betrayed us at the most important moment ... For example, they telegraphed the Turks where and what date Andranik will be ... Today, after the war 90s, when Samvel Babayan, the Commander of the AO, decided to requisition weapons from everyone, then the Dashnak fidaines of him (and then his mongrel Serzhik) simply sent, saying that they didn’t have weapons from them ... And in Yerevan the leadership of the Dashnak party was completely supported the local Zionists in power.
      2. Lekxnumx
        Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 15: 38
        +5
        The Dashnaks are cowards of the murderer, the anti-Soviet "great Armenianists" for which they later paid, Stalin shot them in batches for a reason. They staged the genocide of Muslims speaking on behalf of the Bolsheviks and then betrayed the Bolsheviks. Then the Turks killed, the Dashnak Armenians "toured" all over Azerbaijan and killed the Az-tsev , Lezgins, Talyshs, Tats, Lezghins, only Jews did not touch them, they were intimidated and did everything on behalf of the Bolsheviks. To create a Great Armenia, they killed thousands if not hundreds of thousands of Muslims. thousand. The Turks came to the rescue and rescued their fellow believers. Few killed Armenians, very few in Baku, compared to what they were doing throughout the Transcaucasia. Forgiven, forgot what they paid for in Karabakh. Armenians still live in Baku, one of my neighbors recently came to our toilet, the old one cannot go up to the fifth floor every five minutes when she sits on a bench. Father said that they are Armenians, I am not believed in childhood, but they call themselves Georgians. After so much that has been done, they still live in Baku. Quote from her "bu ermeni ermeni deyirler ee I swear bu ernemi pis dayil, pis millyati bu gyune goyanlardy" She also finds the audacity to justify her own, knows that we Lezgins with us allows such thoughts. The old already, she has lost her fear and why, she has not surrendered to anyone, everyone knows this family that they are Armenians, old-timers of our yard. Do not touch do not spread rot naive az-tsy people are very naive. The mother of my classmate is Armenian, also knowing that we are Lezgins, my father tat confessed to my grandmother, the guy himself does not know that he is Armenian. At the teacher's school there were Armenians just Russian surnames, this was said by the teacher in the Az language.
        1. Karenius
          Karenius 19 September 2018 15: 47
          -2
          It is because of the Zionists at the top of the Dashnaks that the Turks were able to pass through Armenia, and not become fertilizer in Sardarapat.
          You could see the Armenians in Baku for another reason ... This is when a Bakuvian calls Stepanakert during fierce battles and asks: "... my wedding on Saturday ... maybe it is that you will not come?"
          1. The comment was deleted.
          2. Lekxnumx
            Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 16: 00
            +2
            Quote: Karenius
            That's because of the Zionists at the top

            When it comes to losses, the Zionists were at the top, they are to blame. When it comes to atrocities committed by their fellow tribesmen, the Zionists are to blame. times. For example, there were Lezgin mercenaries who hired Persians to destroy the Lezgi village and not only. For example, some of the Lezghins are still fighting in ISIS, I do not justify such pages of history and modern scum. Because I am not a hypocrite of a scumbag in all nations. And you the Armenians are always white fluffy and their hands to the elbow in blood and the Turks justify themselves. But you are something.
      3. Bakht
        Bakht 19 September 2018 16: 42
        +2
        Did the roof go completely? Armenians slaughtered Azerbaijanis in March. It’s not necessary to write nonsense ...
        1. Karenius
          Karenius 19 September 2018 16: 55
          -3
          You do not need to write nonsense !!!
          From the date of March it all began (there was a funeral for the son of a famous Turk), I don’t remember ... I can refresh, but it was the March-April period that was imprinted in my memory ... If you stretch the time that 200 Amazasp riders stood between the Bolsheviks and the Turks, then the evacuation by the Dashnaks of the Turks to the barracks and their protection, as well as the subsequent gratitude in the Turkic press to the Dashnaks, it will stretch, I think, to April.

          Lek, it is not surprising that the Soviet commissions put in the black light not the Bolsheviks, but the Dashnaks ...
          1. Bakht
            Bakht 19 September 2018 17: 03
            +2
            The Baku Council, together with the armed groups supporting it, Dashnaktsutyun launched an attack on Muslim quarters. Airplanes were used to bombard these quarters, and two ships of the Caspian flotilla fired at them from the sea. In occupied Muslim neighborhoods, robberies and killings of peaceful Muslims, including women and children, took place. This was mainly done by Armenian armed groups.

            According to British researcher Peter Hopkirk:
            “The Armenians, seeing that their ancient enemies were fleeing, now thirsted for revenge. Therefore, the fighting continued until almost the entire Muslim population was expelled from the city or massacred. On the fifth day, although a significant part of the city was still on fire, resistance stopped and the streets were filled with dead and wounded, who were practically all Muslims. "

            Thank you for saying this? Close and shut up.
            There is a cinema "Shafag" near my house. In January 1990, the Armenians gathered there and the Azerbaijanis guarded and rescued them. The activists of the Popular Front were cordoned off. You can thank the Azerbaijanis who saved hundreds and thousands of Armenians in January 1990.
            1. Karenius
              Karenius 19 September 2018 17: 11
              -2
              What are the numbers of those killed? If the Dashnaks would shoot there, then no one could escape from so many bayonets!
              _________

              Saved, of course, thanks!
              I myself know those whom the Turks rescued in the trunk of their car.
              But he is also familiar with those whose young children lost their minds from what they saw ...
              Shut up and shut up.
              1. Bakht
                Bakht 19 September 2018 17: 20
                +2
                Everything is clear with you. Use rumors and myths. This is especially true for Amazasp. The active participant in the pogroms should be equated with the defenders.
                Read not the tales of Armenian pseudo-historians, but the scientific works of the Orientalists. At least Armenian or French. Read the English or the Americans.
                Armenians massacred hundreds of thousands of Muslims. According to research by American scientists in the events of 1914-1920 killed more than 1 million Muslims. Do you need a roll-call list?
                1. Karenius
                  Karenius 19 September 2018 17: 34
                  -3
                  Such wretched scientists today are a dime a dozen! He wrote earlier - the family of the robot turned to learned men of law, whom yours had previously addressed to lobby your interests ... But what? The curators of the robot are the same as yours.

                  You can operate with numbers ... Remember the number of Dashnak bayonets and the number of Turks in Baku ... Or maybe you can try the newspapers of April 1918 in your libraries. read about expressed gratitude? I definitely read it, but now I don’t remember ...
                  1. Bakht
                    Bakht 19 September 2018 17: 40
                    +2
                    It is difficult to remember what was not. As well as about the "savior-Amazasp". Which is actually a simple bandit.
                    Here is another "would-be historian" Michael SMITH "Memory of Loss and Azerbaijani Society"
                    In skirmishes and pogroms, at least 12 people died. These days, more people died on the streets of Baku and its environs than during the whole time of the fighting in Petrograd in February 000 or during the “bloodless” Bolshevik coup in October. Based on the number of victims, the March events were one of the worst episodes in the course of the Russian revolution.
                    1. Karenius
                      Karenius 19 September 2018 17: 46
                      -2
                      I remember the figure of 12 thousand from the other side ... That so many Turks were saved by the Dashnaks.
                      Somehow I’ll refresh the numbers and continue ...
                      By the way, yesterday in our archives showed records of the times of Shah Abbas, 1605. I listened out of the corner of my ear, but something, it seems, was there about the census of the Karabakh population, and the Plains ... It will be necessary to be interested.
                      1. Bakht
                        Bakht 19 September 2018 17: 54
                        +1
                        Continuing the conversation is not enthusiastic. We interpret events in completely different ways. And I do not like crooked quotes. Census during the time of Shah Abbas? I would laugh ....
                        Do not want to find the famous American Turkologist Professor Justin McCarthy "Armenians and Turks. A Guide to the Armenian Question". Or Georges de Maleville "Armenian Tragedy".
                      2. Lekxnumx
                        Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 18: 23
                        +2
                        Quote: Karenius
                        I remember the figure of 12 thousand from the other side ... That so many Turks were saved by the Dashnaks.

                        Cynicism has no boundaries, that is, do you rub in such a game? Are the figures of Muslims killed by Armenians being passed off as saved? There are no words. So who were they saved from then? This is similar to the Russian interpretation of the events of the times of Shamil "Caucasian liberation war"))) The Russians liberated the Caucasians from themselves, and you, the Armenians, saved the Muslims from the Muslims themselves))) Your Amazasp is a participant of the third campaign on the north, the robber, the report of the ChSK Novatskiy honor. Escaped from the north when his army was defeated by the peasants of Guba with the help of the beks of the Kusar cavalry. Leaving more than 5000 of his soldiers at the gorge near Khuchbala, he fled. My great-grandfather died there, like all the Kusar cavalry, which took the brunt of the blow , stopping them at the exit of the gorge. This Amazasp wiped out so many villages from the face of the earth that men and their minors went on rifles with pitchforks, threw stones at the ambushed. This tragic victory, very tragic at a huge cost and the lives of thousands managed to defeat the bandits of Amazasp There were also armed men Chakarvi, the Zizik officer of the tsarist army and others. The people called the gorge bloody. You Armenians got the people so much that all ulman united and did not wait for death, took battle against the armed army.
          2. Bakht
            Bakht 19 September 2018 17: 09
            +1
            Our special "gratitude" to the bandit Amazasp. May the earth NOT rest on him
            After the bloody events in Baku, in May 1918, Amazasp, at the head of a large detachment consisting solely of Armenians, approached the city of Guba. Amazasp himself did not think to hide his true goals.
            In a speech addressed to the people of Guba, he said: "I was not sent to establish order and establish Soviet power ... I was ordered to destroy all Muslims from the shores of the Caspian Sea to Shah Dag and your homes to be razed to the ground, as was done in Shirvan (Shamakhi)".
            During the tragic events in Guba in the spring of 1918, more than 3 thousand peaceful Muslims were killed by Armenian troops led by Amazasp. The extermination of the civilian population of Guba by the military forces of Amazasp is evidenced by the mass grave discovered in 2007 on the banks of the Goodialchay River. During the offensive in mid-August 1918 on the Azerbaijani-Turkish troops in Baku, the Amazasp detachment fled from the city.
      4. Ramzay121
        Ramzay121 20 September 2018 15: 18
        +2
        But what else to call an article, a cat. distorts the story? Everything written, alleged facts of fiction and speculation. The trouble is that you manage to distort not only what happened there 50-100 years ago, but also what is happening today. This is called a distortion of reality. Here you live in a distorted reality. For a long time, I'm afraid.
  9. Lekxnumx
    Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 15: 06
    +2
    RELEASED! But did not capture!
  10. Yeraz
    Yeraz 19 September 2018 16: 11
    +1
    LIBERATION: The Turks have stopped the slaughter of Muslims throughout Azerbaijan.
    And yes, on the map, note the name of Lake Sevan Gokcha !!!
    And the feat of the army will not be forgotten.
    1. Lekxnumx
      Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 16: 33
      +1
      Ali salam. On March 31, I wrote an article about the events of that time on the basis of the Extraordinary Investigative Commission of the USSR Novatsky Mikhailov and others. The article did not go through the moderators interpreted it as "few words of their own"))) That is, I had to write nonsense from myself, snatching context of history as the author of this article .To would publish an article, and so brought documents showing what the Russian co-religionists "neither" "nizza" did. You can only show Turks, Turks and Muslims in a bad light by inventing. Is it okay?
      1. Yeraz
        Yeraz 19 September 2018 23: 46
        0
        Quote: Lek3338
        Ali Salam.

        Aleikuma Salam.
        Quote: Lek3338
        You can only show Turks, Turks and Muslims in a bad light while inventing. Normally yes?

        for this resource is normal. I was banned here several times when I just cited the arguments, and the counterargument bans me))))
    2. Fisherman
      Fisherman 3 October 2018 11: 25
      0
      I was in Baku these days, I saw the parade and took photos and videos. The parade was postponed from morning to afternoon. They stood in the heat almost until half past 12.
      He smiled that the tanks (T-72 ours) were driving heavy trucks on platforms. So as not to damage the asphalt, I heard the crowds and didn’t provoke the Armenians. There was a lot of equipment, of course this is not a parade on Red Square, but beautiful. The equipment is mainly ours, but there is also Czech, Israeli.
  11. Yeraz
    Yeraz 19 September 2018 16: 12
    0

    A fragment of the Turkish military series. Turkism lives and will live.
    1. Was mammoth
      Was mammoth 19 September 2018 16: 50
      0
      Remba, in short, in Turkish! Or, in Azerbaijani? By the way, why is there a Kazakh flag on the chevron of one super-soldier?
      1. Yeraz
        Yeraz 19 September 2018 23: 48
        0
        Quote: There was a mammoth
        By the way, why is there a Kazakh flag on the chevron of one super-soldier?

        but i.e.Turkmen, Azerbaijan, Uzbek, Uyghur flag did not bother you, but Kazak bother you ???
        So in the film a soldier from Kazakhstan.
    2. Karenius
      Karenius 19 September 2018 17: 03
      -1
      Ali, I’m just sure that the Aliyevs are not Turks, and that this will later come back to haunt you ... after our fight ...
      1. Yeraz
        Yeraz 20 September 2018 03: 30
        +1
        Quote: Karenius
        Ali, I’m just sure that the Aliyevs are not Turks, and that this will later come back to haunt you ... after our fight ...

        which means I’m sure))) If there can still be disputes over Heydar, but Zarif Aliyev is definitely a Turk. Wife of Ilham Mehriban is also a Turk. Daughters also married the Turk, or rather Agalarov, a Jewish mother. And Arzu married Turk, the son of Aliyev, if we take the version that Heydar was a Kurd, then he is already Turk and there is no Kurdish.
        So that all these tales are not Kurdish Kurdish.
        1. Karenius
          Karenius 20 September 2018 08: 02
          -2
          Yes, if there were just Kurds :)
      2. Ramzay121
        Ramzay121 20 September 2018 15: 22
        +1
        Karenius, who can you recognize? You, Sargsyans, Kocharyans, Pashinyans? Are you sure that their blood does not flow, Kurdish, Turkic, Farcian blood?
        1. Karenius
          Karenius 20 September 2018 18: 22
          -2
          It’s one thing that blood comes to a person through the centuries, another thing - when the carriers of a particular blood are forced to do specific things in the name of this particular blood group.
          ______
          At our sidekick, when a daughter was born in Europe, the doctors didn’t even understand that she had a black triangle - because of Mongolian blood, how many centuries ago was received.
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. Was mammoth
    Was mammoth 19 September 2018 16: 41
    0
    In Ryazan there is a monument to G. Petrov, one of the Baku commissars, a Social Revolutionary by the way .. He is beheaded by the soldiers of the Trans-Caspian Dictatorship on September 20, 1918.
    PS Could not upload photos.
    1. Lekxnumx
      Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 16: 53
      +1


      Their scum was reburied in my village, thousands of deaths on their conscience. They do not deserve the land where my grandfather was the first to be buried.
      1. Was mammoth
        Was mammoth 19 September 2018 17: 00
        -2
        Quote: Lek3338
        Their scum ....

        And what kind of bastards slaughtered Armenians in 1918, in 1990, and Russians too?
        1. Lekxnumx
          Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 17: 23
          -1
          Quote: There was a mammoth
          And what kind of bastards slaughtered Armenians in 1918, in 1990, and Russians too?

          The same scum if they killed peaceful Armenians in 1918. But if the soldier of the scum of the Bolshevik-Dashnaks who killed the population is heroes. Who killed the Russians in 1990? I don’t know, but in 1992, scum on tanks of the USSR army who killed Larisa, a 13-year-old Russian girl. Killers of civilians at all times are scum, including those who give orders.
          1. Was mammoth
            Was mammoth 19 September 2018 17: 37
            0
            Oh how! The Soviet army, which stopped the scum-scum. Are you taught this in schools?


            1. Lekxnumx
              Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 17: 52
              +1
              Quote: There was a mammoth
              Oh how! The Soviet army, which stopped the scum-scum. Are you taught this in schools?

              Have you stopped? and laughter and sin))) Not in schools eyewitnesses are alive. When they found out what happened on January 20 and how this army "stopped" shooting to the left and to the right, killing civilians, including Russians. My father and friends went to make barricades at the entrance to the village They were waiting for these “stopers” of the “doves of peace” to protect their families from indiscriminate shooting. Wasted the people An emergency situation in one place was how they buried the dead. 13-year-old Larissa arranged a pogrom that she was killed? When the people alone, even without weapons, will stop the whole army, the USSR died that day, people burned passports although before that they had voted to preserve it
              1. Was mammoth
                Was mammoth 19 September 2018 18: 10
                +1
                Marshal of the Soviet Union D. Yazov.
                “And I announced a decision: we were bringing troops into the city at three o'clock in the morning from three directions ... They were shooting literally from every window in the city, so I ordered not to open the hatches and not stick out. In the Salyan barracks, for example, snipers immediately put six people We had to cut into the attic, from where they were firing, from the BMP. They also responded with artillery fire to the shelling of our ships, which were evacuating the families of the sailors of the Caspian Flotilla. There was also an episode when our soldiers were caught and at the cemetery they were tied with wire to crosses. that help arrived. "
                Colonel General Vladislav Achalov, who coordinated the deployment of troops in Baku in January 1990.
                "Are you aware of the number of civilians and military killed in Baku?
                - “I can say about the military. When an almost 20-strong group of paratroopers entered the city, and it took us only 7 hours, we used 1470 cartridges. Blanks! I'm not talking about what the reservists did later in Baku. I can speak only about the landing. I had only 12 wounded paratroopers. "
            2. Bakht
              Bakht 19 September 2018 18: 05
              +3
              The pogroms began on January 14th. By the 20th, the situation was taken under control. Mostly by the Popular Front of Azerbaijan. The SA entered Baku when there were no pogroms. The goal was not to save the civilian population. You may have been a good student at school. But things didn’t develop that way.
              1. Was mammoth
                Was mammoth 19 September 2018 19: 37
                +1
                Quote: Bakht
                You may have been a good student at school. But things didn’t develop that way.

                Yes. The average mark of the certificate, sort of 4,7. (There was such a rating system). But, by the 90th year, as a quarter of a century ago, I graduated from high school. I remember. As I recall the stories of peers returning from the Soviet army from the Caucasus. And about the pogroms, and about the robberies of passenger trains, ... about much more, which seemed unrealistic then.
                Thanks a lot to Gorbachev for Alma-Ata, Sumgait, Baku, Tbilisi, Vilnius ... For the USSR. However, for today's Ukraine too. Do you justify the weekly massacre? 14-20?
                There was a massacre of Armenians, as was the massacre of Azerbaijanis in history. You do not know mercy for the beaten like the Russians, unfortunately.
                Reread the comments.
            3. Ramzay121
              Ramzay121 20 September 2018 15: 24
              +1
              Quote: There was a mammoth
              Oh how! The Soviet army, which stopped the scum-scum. Are you taught this in schools?

              No, not school, but life taught.
    2. Karenius
      Karenius 19 September 2018 17: 00
      -4
      These 26 traitors had to be burned in the furnace, and not sent to the Lord with a light death ...
      1. Was mammoth
        Was mammoth 19 September 2018 17: 40
        +1
        Quote: Karenius
        These 26 traitors had to be burned in the furnace ....

        How do you differ from the pogromists in Baku?
        1. Karenius
          Karenius 19 September 2018 18: 43
          -3
          The whole massacre of Armenians in Baku on the conscience of Lenin and his Bolshevik scum of deserters and system decomposers from others.
          1. Was mammoth
            Was mammoth 19 September 2018 19: 53
            0
            Quote: Karenius
            All the massacre in Baku of Armenians on the conscience of Lenin and his Bolshevik rabble ...

            ABOUT! I did not know that Lenin and the Bolsheviks are Muslims. And in 1915 was Lenin involved? In more detail.
            1. Karenius
              Karenius 19 September 2018 19: 58
              -2
              Lenin surrendered, surrendered !!!
              Shaumyank and planes also promised from Turkestan, and a lot of things, but he just took time to deceive ... Eu and then the commissars themselves, when they all destroyed the Dashnaks, they just fled ...
              1. Was mammoth
                Was mammoth 19 September 2018 20: 11
                +1
                Quote: Karenius
                Lenin surrendered, surrendered !!!

                In short, Sklifosofsky! Your bottom line. The enmity between Armenians and Azerbaijanis is the merit of Lenin. Before that, they "loved" each other passionately! Which of the Azerbaijanis do you "passionately love" in spite of Lenin?
                PS Recently I recorded Magomaev on a SIM card in a car. Sings beautifully!
                1. Karenius
                  Karenius 19 September 2018 20: 33
                  -1
                  I have already quoted Lenin that for the sake of the victory of the revolution in large countries, the interests of small nations can be neglected ... Forgot?
                  1. Looking for
                    Looking for 20 September 2018 17: 49
                    -1
                    Please indicate in which of your writings V.I. Lenin wrote this.
                  2. Karenius
                    Karenius 20 September 2018 18: 13
                    -1
                    Look for yourself in your Lenin garbage dump ..
                    I previously cited the whole sentence ... there was something about democracy and what I wrote about
                    1. Seal
                      Seal 29 September 2018 19: 56
                      0
                      Normally ? It would be very good if Lenin said what you attributed to him. Unfortunately, I have not seen such an expression in Lenin.
                      There is another.
                      «We are not supporters of small states. We are for the closest alliance of the workers of all countries against the capitalists and "their", and all countries in general. But just so that this union is voluntary, the Russian worker, not trusting in anything and not for a moment neither the Russian bourgeoisie nor the Ukrainian bourgeoisie, now stands for the right to secession of the Ukrainians, not forcing his friendship on them, but conquering it with an attitude towards equal, as to an ally and brother in the struggle for socialism. " (Volume XIX, p. 222).

                      Alas, this expression is completely opposite to yours.
  14. KURT330
    KURT330 19 September 2018 17: 11
    -1
    Again, the sages vparivayut all nonsense?)))
    "However, one of the Baku commissars was released. Major General AE Martynov, who in 1918 was the chief of staff of the commander-in-chief of the Caspian region (he participated in the investigation and signed an order to execute the" commissars "), had to release Anastas Mikoyan, the future Stalinist People's Commissar, whose name is the meat-packing plant in Moscow. He helped the white counterintelligence to identify their comrades among 600 refugees. "The most bastard of these commissars was, but I gave him the officer's word that if I help, I will save his life," Martynov recalled in emigration. "

    Source: https://www.chitalnya.ru/work/1227650/
    When copying materials from the site, an active link to the original material is required.
    All rights reserved © chitalnya.ru
    1. Karenius
      Karenius 19 September 2018 17: 17
      -2
      Was Mikoyan a Commissar? In my memory, no. I remember reading that he freed the commissars from prison, by bribing ...
  15. KURT330
    KURT330 19 September 2018 17: 14
    0
    Quote: Lek3338
    RELEASED! But did not capture!

    And the commissioners who laid the Lek, I think you're in the know ..
    We have neighbors here who are sleeping on the deck, because you need to leave the ship on time))
  16. Bakht
    Bakht 19 September 2018 17: 30
    +1
    Events of March 1918 in Baku
    Evidence of these events from representatives of foreign diplomatic missions has been preserved. At that time, about 70 thousand Persian subjects lived in and around Baku. In this regard, the Iranian consul Mohamed Saed-ol Vezar Maragei (he later became the Prime Minister of Iran twice) made desperate efforts to prevent the killing and pogroms of Persian subjects, and then was engaged in the burial of their corpses, which were littered with the streets of Baku.
    Later in his memoirs, Maragei reported that only by his commission from the streets more than 5 thousand murdered Muslims were collected and buried.
    There would be even more victims if the representatives of the non-Muslim population of Baku did not hide Muslims in their homes from the squads that were rampant in the city

    On March 30-31, the center of Baku and all Muslim sections of the city without exception were subjected to armed attack by Bolshevik-Dashnak groups. The ships of the Caspian flotilla advanced to the Baku bay fired aimed guns at the Muslim quarters.
    On April 2, the mass killings and pogroms of Muslims stopped at the categorical demand of the Turkestan 36th Regiment and because of threats from Russian Caspian sailors who, having figured out the true purposes of the military operation, threatened to withdraw from the subordination of the Baku Council
    1. Lekxnumx
      Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 18: 02
      +1
      Bakhtiyar, it’s useless for them to prove something, even if you show them to your own sources they will say there is no dew of God. As they say they don’t leave their people, it’s time to understand. For them, they are Armenians and not the peoples of the North and South Caucasus. All Caucasians except Armenians were, there are will be strangers.
      1. Karenius
        Karenius 19 September 2018 18: 18
        -2
        Lek, I don’t know ... next time an enemy in your uniform will run towards our soldiers, but shouting "Vazgen! Don't shoot! Vazgen! Don't shoot!" - what to say to the soldiers? After all, it was definitely either Lezgin, or Talysh, or Udin, or Avar ... Tell them how it is that this is our ally, or keep silent? ... knowing that the soldier does not know about such nuances ...
        1. Lekxnumx
          Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 18: 36
          +2
          Quote: Karenius
          After all, it was either Lezgin, or Talysh, or Udin, or Avar ... Tell them, as they are, that this is our ally, or keep silent? ..., knowing that the soldier does not know about such nuances ...

          Tell them to shoot. The Tambov wolf is an ally to you. Recently, a Lezghin was given a national hero, a couple of traitors officers worked for you. They brought your soldiers out and scoffed at them, then let them go, do not shoot. Kusarsky Lezgin was a private soldier, an officer from Gazakh came led him to yours, having learned that something was wrong he shot both his officer and four Armenians. He was killed by others, but he revealed with his deed a network of traitors who merged your information in April. That's what you see from Lezgins this time, you can powder Dagestan’s brains Lezgins. And we Kusarsky remember how much you killed ours at the times described above. Across Azerbaijan, but Kusars never saw your dashnaks, rotted at the approaches. I hope to see that day, I’ll be called up for the first line for my great-grandfather. I have my accounts with you .
          1. Karenius
            Karenius 19 September 2018 18: 55
            -2
            history didn’t really believe me, oh well ... I know other stories, true ...
            Our soldier, one drug addict, drove the "plan", made friends with yours on the basis of drugs ... and constantly from our trenches went to yours for the "pipe of peace" ceremony. so once you had a shift shift, but they forgot to warn the newcomers that they had a "bro" among the Armenians, and they shot him as an enemy ... Ours didn't make him a hero for newspapers ... Maybe yours went to ours to smoke ?
            1. Lekxnumx
              Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 19: 08
              0
              Quote: Karenius
              Maybe yours went to our smoke?

              Maybe some nuances are not accurate, because they told me. But the guy really died on the Armenian side and after investigations of the Moscow Region announced traitors among officers. The guy got a national hero. From 1:25 minutes national hero Chingiz Gurbanov [media = https: // vk .com / video467368443_456239060]
              1. Karenius
                Karenius 19 September 2018 19: 22
                -1
                Quote: Lek3338
                and after investigations, the MoD announced traitors among officers

                So the authorities can say anything ... We have one former Chekist that the report related to Honecker about NATO’s actions to break up the GDR, and even the hero of the Karabakh war of the 90s, so his authorities declared him a criminal and imprisoned for illegal possession of weapons. .. And this man with his magnificent seven against your regiment used to fight ...
                1. Lekxnumx
                  Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 19: 42
                  0
                  Quote: Karenius
                  So the authorities can say anything.

                  The authorities didn’t tell me, I heard from the comrades who were serving there. The authorities don’t even give details of the names of the traitors. The guys say that the family of the murdered Genghis turned to the Ministry of Defense so as not to advertise. How exactly their son died, such a shame cannot be washed away after a century. I saw a photograph of this scumbag effeminate, even not like a peasant. How many young guys I killed, but now I died like the Armenians who mocked the guys.
                  1. Karenius
                    Karenius 19 September 2018 19: 48
                    -2
                    No, Lek, I will never believe such a story.
                    1. Lekxnumx
                      Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 19: 56
                      +2
                      As the saying goes, please do not believe, do not believe. It’s in the interests of the Moscow Region that this case is not advertised because the prestige of the army is at stake, so that it isn’t in the interests of the family. Although some relatives of the traitor spoke in the opposition media, but when they found out they died down quickly. That's how they met the hero at home in Kusary applause. Come on, we Kusarsky will avenge him too, although he avenged himself.
                    2. Lekxnumx
                      Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 20: 05
                      +1
                      The official interpretation died during the DRG sortie. But they don’t give a national hero for that. His act saved a lot of guys and allowed to reveal the rest of the traitors.
                      1. Karenius
                        Karenius 19 September 2018 20: 16
                        -1
                        Well, come on, Lek!
                        It will be hot here ... Until 2024, when the bear wakes up ...
          2. 7gor
            7gor 19 September 2018 21: 19
            +1
            How Lek spoke! “You can powder the brains of the Dagestani Lezgins, but we remember everything from the Kusarskie!” Are you a deer, or a sent one ???
            1. Lekxnumx
              Lekxnumx 19 September 2018 21: 28
              +3
              Dagustandin lezgiyar tahayta gyavurdayan ayzurni muzhuzhd cherries tsemuyuzhud yisara hanvay agvalatarin? Kiblepatan lezgiyariz cizva vech hanata aburiz wa. If you understand, you will answer me in the same language, in my native language. You will see a deer in the mirror tomorrow morning before work.
            2. Yeraz
              Yeraz 19 September 2018 23: 52
              +2
              Quote: 7gor
              Whether you are a deer, or mishandled ???

              It’s time for you and many people to understand that the peoples in Azerbaijan are more closely connected than the Armenians imagine in the Russian media.
  17. Livonetc
    Livonetc 19 September 2018 17: 49
    +2
    Yeah...
    Cognitively, especially comments ...
    I didn’t understand where such deep hatred came from.
    Surprised during the service in the Soviet army, how very cultural and gentle representatives from part of the servicemen of Armenians or Azerbaijanis, meeting, at the moment turned into grinning animals.
    Then there was no access to information, but they themselves briefly explained the situation in relation to each other, I will not give it.
  18. Karenius
    Karenius 19 September 2018 18: 02
    -3
    Bakht,
    Turks voiced their leadership from the powers that be in the Armenian question a century ago ...
    1. Bakht
      Bakht 19 September 2018 18: 22
      -1
      Exactly
      In a work that appeared in the UK in 1916, an honest and objective English observer notes:
      “The Turks never condescend to explain their own problems, while pro-Armenian elements try to always be in a privileged position, terrifying the audience by the endless repetition and exaggeration of the number of victims and, apparently, correctly evaluating the old Eastern proverb:"Let the lies spread within 24 hours and it will take 100 years to refute it».

      On July 15, 1987, in the newspaper Gamk, an organ of the revolutionary Armenian party Dashnak, Henri Papazyan, one of the leaders of this party, declares: “Armenians have historical claims. The Armenian people have historical lands that are located on the borders of the Caucasus ... Today we have clear territorial claims ”

      It is from this recognition that one must proceed.
      1. Karenius
        Karenius 19 September 2018 18: 27
        -2
        We must proceed from the fact that the weak is always taken away ...
        1. Bakht
          Bakht 19 September 2018 18: 35
          +2
          Typical gangster logic. Well, then we will live "according to concepts."
          1. Karenius
            Karenius 19 September 2018 18: 44
            -2
            You’ve been living here for a thousand years.
  19. Karenius
    Karenius 19 September 2018 18: 40
    -1
    Lekxnumx,
    Then rewind even earlier ...
    Mazniev’s Abkhazian Wild Division, on the advice of clearly what forces from the front, went straight to Shemakha, and without wasting time, began to stop trains from the front to get weapons, hanging thousands of Russian soldiers on telegraph poles. Ramishvili directed this (definitely not a Georgian, I think), and the weapons went to the Turks in Baku ... Do you see coherence?
  20. Karenius
    Karenius 19 September 2018 19: 33
    -1
    Lekxnumx,
    Here, I looked for the Dashnaks.


    Concerning the March events, the Armenian National Council published a detailed report, from which it follows that, thanks to its actions, 11726 Azerbaijanis were saved.