Military Review

How the battle for the Don began

88
Simultaneously with the creation of the Volunteer Army in Novocherkassk, units of the Red Guards launched an offensive against the Don from Kharkov, which was in the hands of the Bolsheviks. Back in December, the Soviet government created the Southern Front to combat the counter-revolution led by Vladimir Antonov-Ovseenko to fight against the Ukrainian Central Rada and against the Don Cossacks 1917. By January 7, the troops under his command occupied the Donbass almost unhindered. However, the further offensive already ran into resistance and slowed down. The battle for the Don and Ukraine-Little Russia began.


Alekseevskaya "army" enters the battle

As previously noted, the position of the Alekseevts on the Don was precarious. Formally, they were considered "refugees". The Don government initially did not want to aggravate relations with the SNK and hoped to maintain autonomy and remain out of competition. Therefore, they did not want to annoy Petrograd, giving shelter to anti-revolutionary elements. The Cossacks-front-line soldiers and workers were rushing to the "assembly of counter-revolutionary elements", conducting fierce agitation campaigns. The Social Revolutionaries and Mensheviks had a strong position in the region, which at the peasant congresses, in the newspapers, in the workers' organizations passed one after another resolutions of mistrust to the ataman and the government. They protested against martial law, against disarmament and expulsion of decomposed regiments, against the arrest of Bolshevik agitators, advocated "democratic reconciliation with the Bolsheviks." Ataman Kaledin, for the time being, managed to restrain attacks only by the ancient Cossack law: “There is no delivery from the Don!”

Cossack regiments were returning from the front. Returned with a personal weapons and artillery. We drove in an organized manner, it happened that they made their way through the cordons and barriers of the Ukrainian nationalists and the Reds. In addition, organized parts were easier to capture in echelons and move in the conditions of transport collapse. But as soon as the Cossacks returned to the Don, the order collapsed. The Cossacks-front-line soldiers were tired of fighting and wanted to spit not only on the central, but also the local authorities, who wanted to raise them to a new war — against the red ones. Most of all, they were afraid of the new war and hated everyone who called them to war again. Many liked the ideas of the left, including the anarchists. In the villages, a conflict arose between the "young" -frontovikov and the "old men" who called for the tradition to be honored. The traditional Cossack way of life, the unshakable authority of the "old men", began to crumble. There were more front-line soldiers; they were well armed, more energetic. Therefore, in most of the villages the power was with them.

Thus, despite the fact that Don had a whole army - dozens of regiments and some hundreds of artillery batteries, the region had no forces for defense. The overwhelming majority of the Cossacks took the position of "neutrality" in the outbreak of the conflict between the Don government and the red Petrograd. As Kaledin himself noted: “The whole question is in Cossack psychology. Come to their senses - well. No - Cossack song is sung. "

Therefore, when the 22 - 23 of November 1917 of the year, prisoners of the Bykhov prison — generals A. I. Denikin, A. S. Lukomsky, S. L. Markov, and I. P. Romanovsky — came to Don in different ways, then Kaledin advised them to leave Don. Since their names are all the left associated with the "Kornilov" and counter-revolution. Ataman asked them to wait somewhere whenever possible. Lukomski went to the Terek. Denikin and Markov - to the Kuban.

However, the situation itself soon strengthened the position of volunteers. 7 (20) November Ataman Kaledin addressed the population of the Don region with the statement that the army government does not recognize the Bolshevik government, and therefore the region is proclaimed independent before the formation of the legitimate Russian government. 15 (28) in November in Rostov created the Military Revolutionary Committee (WRC) of the united democracy, which called itself the government of the united democratic forces and suggested that the population not to follow the orders of the government of the Don Army. November 20 (December 3) in Novocherkassk began to rebel spare (non-retail) shelves. There was no way to disarm them and send them from the Don. The Donets, except the ataman convoy and the junkers, refused to carry out this order. Alekseev proposed to use the forces of volunteers to disarm them. On the night of November 22, volunteers surrounded the shelves and disarmed them without firing a shot. The selected weapon went into service with the Alekseevs.

The revolutionary forces of Rostov opposed the Don government and turned for help to the sailors of the Black Sea fleet. A torpedo boat, minesweepers and several smaller vessels with Black Sea sailors approached Taganrog. Ships went along the Don to Rostov, landed troops. Local Bolsheviks together with them captured the city. On November 26 (December 9), the Rostov Bolsheviks announced that power in the region was transferred to the hands of the Rostov Military Revolutionary Committee. Cossack troops, taking a position of neutrality, refused to participate in the suppression of the uprising in Rostov. Kaledin again asks Alekseev for help. A detachment of officers and junkers was formed of 400-500 bayonets, Don youth joined them - gymnasium students, cadets, and later several Cossack units approached. As a result, almost the entire Alekseevskaya “army” advanced under the command of Colonel Preobrazhensky Life Guards Regiment I.K.

On the move, Rostov was unable to take. In the city there were many soldiers from spare parts and units returning from the front. The core of the red troops were the sailors of the Black Sea Fleet and the Red Guard fighters. There were a lot of weapons in the warehouses, which made it possible to form detachments of local workers and citizens. The battle of November 27 (December 10) began near the Rostov suburb of Nakhichevan. White launched an offensive along the Novocherkassk-Rostov line. In the center of the battle formations, Alekseev’s officers were chained, on the right flank were the cadets, on the left were the Don volunteers of General Popov. They were met by strong fire. The frontal attack allowed them to divert the Reds while whites made a roundabout maneuver on the flanks. Reds were thrown into the streets of the city. However, the successes of the Alekseevs and Kaledinians ended there. Red entrenched on the streets of the working outskirts of Rostov - Temernik. The minesweepers who stood on the Don opened fire. Soon, they were able to target themselves, thickly scrubbing white whitewash with shrapnel. Offensive choked. Under the cover of artillery fire, the Reds came to their senses, regrouped their forces, and launched a counteroffensive. Khovansky had no reserves, and by evening the whites had to retreat to the Kizyterinka railway station, having lost about a quarter of their composition with those killed and wounded. Thus, in this battle, almost all the cadets of the Odessa and Orlov corps were killed.

A participant in this campaign, a former member of the State Duma, N. N. Lvov, recalled: “I remember the howling of a blizzard at night at Kizyterinka station. The headquarters stood in the planks station buildings. Dim lantern light in total darkness. On the sidings warming shop; there they transferred the wounded and laid them in the straw in the cold ... At night they dug the frozen ground ... Fur coats, stockings, and boots were worn by people in trenches. In November, the cold they went who was what. " In addition, the Don units were not provided with food at all, Alekseyevts had with them at least a reinforced dry ration. The situation was saved by the help of local residents who brought bread, sugar and tea to the positions.

The next day, overcoming the boycott of railway drivers (instead of them, the cadets themselves led the train), reinforcements arrived - the combined Mikhailovsko-Konstantinovskaya artillery company, a hundred Cossacks, an artillery platoon with two guns. The fighting near Rostov forced several wavering Cossack units to think again, and they moved to the aid of the White Guards. Junior artillerymen had an idea to build an armored train. Immediately the railway platforms were strengthened with sleepers, machine guns were installed and the first white armored train was ready. On this day, the Reds went on the attack, but were beaten off. The next day, November 29, the Reds attacked again, supported by fire from the Kolkhida yacht, which was on the fairway of the Don. White's losses were great and amounted to 72 man for that day, but the attack of the Reds was repelled.

On November 30 Kaledin arrived and appointed a decisive attack on December 1. In the morning, the volunteers and the Donians launched a general attack, now they have gained a numerical advantage. The Reds fiercely defended. Suddenly, in the rear of the Reds, gun shots rang out. The Reds quivered and began to retreat. It turned out that in the rear of the Reds a small detachment of General Nazarov attacked from Taganrog. Rostov was finally taken to 2 (15) December. Kaledins and Alekseevs also captured Taganrog and a significant part of the Donbass. From this day Alekseevskaya organization was legalized. She began to assist in the supply and armament. But all the plans were broken. Alexeev hoped to form the backbone of the future army under the protection of the Don Cossacks, now his insignificant "army" (in fact, a small detachment) has become the defender of the Don.

How the battle for the Don began

Poster of the Volunteer Army "My son, go and save the Motherland!"

Volunteer Army

Alekseevskaya organization in December increased significantly. The 1-I Combined Officer Company deployed in four, 50 numbers - 60 fighters each, they were supposed to be deployed in battalions. The cadet battalion was divided into two companies (cadet and cadet, total 120 people), formed a Sea Company (about 50 people). The 1 th separate light artillery division, commanded by Colonel S. Ikishev, was also formed from three batteries: a cadet, an officer, and a mixed battery.

Major-General A. N. Cherepov, who lived in Rostov, in agreement with General D. N. Chernoyarov, head of the garrison, organized a meeting of local officers, at which it was decided to create a detachment to protect law and order in the city. Soon the “self-defense” unit under the command of Cherepov became a part of the Volunteer Army. About 200 officers enrolled in it. A volunteer record bureau was also opened to form a Rostov officer regiment. Within two weeks, only about 300 people enrolled in it, of whom mainly comprised the Rostov officer company, and the rest fell into the Student battalion and the Technical company that had begun to form.

December 6 (19) to the Don with documents of the peasant Ivanov, a refugee from Romania, arrived General L. G. Kornilov, who immediately joined the activities of General Alekseev. The Kornilovites from the Tekinsky Regiment (became the personal escort of Kornilov) and the Kornilov shock regiment began to flock to the Don. Generals Denikin, Markov, Lukomsky and other commanders were called up from the Kuban and the Caucasus. Kornilov himself originally planned to take Denikin, Lukomsky and go further, raise the Volga region and Siberia. He believed that since the work was going on here and the organization was headed by Alekseev, he had nothing to do on the Don. The organization of troops in the south of Russia seemed to him to be a local matter, especially since in the territory of the Cossack troops they would have to depend on the Cossacks, their troops, governments, circles and atamans. Kornilov in Siberia and the Volga region saw the opportunity to turn around in full force. I thought that, relying on the east of Russia, it was possible not only to defeat the Bolsheviks, but also to recreate, at least partially, the anti-German front. Kornilov said: “I know Siberia, I believe in Siberia. I am convinced that it will be possible to put the case widely there. Here one General Alekseev will cope with the case. I am convinced that I will not be able to stay here for a long time. I only regret that they detain me now and do not let me go to Siberia, where it is necessary to begin work as soon as possible so as not to lose time. ”

In addition, Kornilov and Alekseev were not comrades. They were never close and very different in character. It was difficult for them to work together, and Kornilov honestly told Alekseyev. However, at this time a group of prominent members of the public (former fevralists) arrived from Moscow - Prince Trubetskoy, Prince Lvov, Milyukov, Fedorov, Struve, Belousov. The National Center, assembled from the wreckage of moderate and liberal parties (the fevralist right-wing camp), decided to support the creation of the White Army, and had connections with the missions of the Entente countries. Moscow representatives demanded that Kornilov stay on the Don. They wanted to use the popular general. If he had left, many White Guards might have followed him. And the whole center of the uprising on the Don could fall apart. Indeed, Kornilov was very popular among the officers, with him were ready to go to his death.

Influential circles of Moscow were able to push through their decision, since behind them were great finances. Moscow has set a categorical condition: material support will be provided only to a real, existing organization, if the leaders of the White movement work together, distributing responsibilities among themselves and signing the corresponding agreement. The Western powers, England and France, have joined this condition, promising assistance in 100 million rubles, in terms of 10 million per month. Kornilov was forced to agree. 18 (31) December in Novocherkassk was created Don Civil Council, which was headed by three generals - Don Cossack ataman Alex Kaledin and two former commanders of the Russian army Mikhail Alexeev and Lavr Kornilov (the so-called "triumvirate"). Don Council claimed the leadership of the emerging white movement throughout the former Russian Empire. The Entente countries came into contact with him, sending their representatives to Novocherkassk.

25 December 1917 (7 January 1918) Alekseev’s organization received the official name Volunteer Army (YES). The army received this name at the insistence of Kornilov, who was in a state of conflict with Alekseev and dissatisfied with a forced compromise with the head of the former Alekseev organization: the division of spheres of influence. For Kornilov was the military power, for Alekseev remained political leadership and finance.

Thus, the highest command positions were distributed among the leaders of the White movement as follows: Alekseev became the supreme leader of the army, Kornilov became commander-in-chief, Lukomsky — chief of staff, 1 division head — Denikin. If generals Alekseev, Kornilov and Denikin were the organizers and ideological inspirers of the White Army, the person who became the “sword of General Kornilov” was General S.L. Markov. He served first as chief of staff of the commander-in-chief, then as chief of staff of the 1 division and commander of the 1 Officer Regiment (he himself formed and received his name after Markov's death).

Immediately after the creation of the Volunteer Army (about 4 thousand bayonets) joined the fighting against the Red Army. In early January, 1918, she acted on the Don together with the units under the command of General Kaledin.


General L. G. Kornilov with officers of the Kornilov regiment. To the right of Kornilov - M. O. Nezhentsev. Novocherkassk. 1918
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Smoot. 1918 year

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  1. Morozov
    Morozov 16 January 2018 06: 28
    +8
    In November-December of 1917, the SNK military forces were a strange sight: a lot of demoralized (but well-armed) soldiers of the old army, Red Guard detachments from the machine tool, and sailors-brothers. This army was led by yesterday’s lieutenants and warrant officers: Krylov, Sievers, and others. They had to fight a strong enemy, competent and cruel. I had to change the tactics of hostilities on the go. The principles of "echelon war" were introduced and worked out. Under the blows of the "northern columns" fell Kiev and Rostov-on-Don.
  2. Same lech
    Same lech 16 January 2018 06: 29
    +8
    Very well described all this bacchanal of the civil war in these places, Alexei Tolstoy in ,, Going through the throes ..
    1. avva2012
      avva2012 16 January 2018 07: 25
      12
      That's for sure. The book is beautiful. Yes, and the movie too. Only Soviet, not this remake ..
      1. Moore
        Moore 16 January 2018 11: 13
        14
        Quote: avva2012
        The book is beautiful.

        That is yes. Like the Quiet Don. Recently I re-read - Sholokhov’s absolutely objective attitude towards the white and Cossacks, that towards the red.
        There were not completely right and completely guilty there. Each side has its own truth, no matter how many xz where the monarchists come from, they did not prove the bloodthirstiness of the Bolsheviks and the cherubic integrity of their opponents.
        1. avva2012
          avva2012 16 January 2018 12: 24
          14
          True, there was one. Some fought against what they would be called boors, byldom and at the same time lived at their expense, while others to ensure that everything remained the same. Another thing is that there and there, people were different. It’s like in the passage above, where one officer says, “we’ll shoot Chaliapin first,” and Roshchin is interested in him, “have you heard him sing?” The Reds had the same people. Po.donok and sadist, this is a human quality, not an estate. The "monarchists" (not all of course) living on the site believe that the vile estate is not in vain called that. True, they do not speak directly about this, but the denial of the people's ability to resist, the denial of the concept of social justice as such, speaks of their true thoughts far more than a thousand words.
          1. Naputeon bonaput
            Naputeon bonaput 16 January 2018 13: 12
            +4
            As from some agitation. This was not a white matter.
            1. long in stock.
              long in stock. 16 January 2018 18: 48
              +4
              voice for what.
              1. Naputeon bonaput
                Naputeon bonaput 16 January 2018 18: 56
                +2
                For land to peasants and factories workers, but without fools.
                1. long in stock.
                  long in stock. 16 January 2018 21: 32
                  +7
                  hmm .... do you even understand what you wrote? the land as well as the factories belonged to the representatives of the so-called white movement. they fought for the return of their property .. is Napoleon your nickname or attitude?
                  1. avva2012
                    avva2012 17 January 2018 02: 38
                    +4
                    Attitude, most likely. In general, it would not be bad if the “minus” was introduced, at least for new visitors to the site to a certain rating (rank). It would be scanty, but protection from outright trolls. All the same, they are no use. He’ll drop in, hang out, and then disappear for a couple of months.
                  2. Naputeon bonaput
                    Naputeon bonaput 17 January 2018 05: 22
                    +1
                    You Gaidar "Malchish-Kibalchish" just quoted?
  3. The comment was deleted.
    1. Moore
      Moore 16 January 2018 10: 19
      +7
      Quote: Naputeon Bonaput
      After a short presence of power in the Don, and the "brilliant" results of this presence, the desire to fight woke up even among the most tired.

      This is true. As well as the fact that after the arrival of the Volunteer Army, the executions of the Bolsheviks who did not run away and sympathizers, the seizure of the remaining horses and bread, desertion in the Cossack units became rampant.
      In other words, there was something to rob in the Don and Kuban and there was someone to rob. What both sides did.
      1. Romey
        Romey 16 January 2018 12: 10
        +5
        Quote: Moore
        Quote: Naputeon Bonaput
        After a short presence of power in the Don, and the "brilliant" results of this presence, the desire to fight woke up even among the most tired.

        This is true. As well as the fact that after the arrival of the Volunteer Army, the executions of the Bolsheviks who did not run away and sympathizers, the seizure of the remaining horses and bread, desertion in the Cossack units became rampant.
        In other words, there was something to rob in the Don and Kuban and there was someone to rob. What both sides did.

        Alas, the civil war is such ... but everything could have turned out differently if the SNK and the Bolsheviks did not completely take the side of the nonresident population to the detriment of the indigenous Cossack population, then the Don Cossack Soviet Republic would become a reality and there would not be that massacre and Cossack genocide, which happened in 1919, and the civil war ended in the defeat of volunteers almost immediately, because, alas, in the absence of sane slogans and a political program, this was inevitable.
      2. urman
        urman 16 January 2018 18: 34
        +2
        Quote: Moore
        there was something to rob in the Don and Kuban and there was someone to rob.

        And not only there.
        In the Trans-Urals, too, the Reds came the only horse they took, the grandfather went to the whites. After typhoid, he looked home and whites took all food supplies for the winter. Then the Reds came, without asking, a rifle in his hands and until the age of 21, he served.
        For the most part, to all those soldiers all the slogans were up to the bulb.
        The Bolshevik won first of all the information war.
    2. Olgovich
      Olgovich 16 January 2018 10: 25
      +4
      Quote: Naputeon Bonaput
      Most likely not the Red Guards, but the Red Bands.

      That's right: it was they who unleashed the civil massacre.
      And it began on November 7, 1917: after the Aurora shot, the famous Menshevik Martov, who was present on the so-called. "Congress of Soviets," said: "CIVIL WAR-has begun!"
      In protest against this Bolshevik coup and the unleashed massacre, all normal people left this "congress".
      They turned out to be right.
      1. long in stock.
        long in stock. 16 January 2018 18: 50
        +3
        don’t say ... it sounds especially strange - all normal people left this "congress" ... you don’t think that when a person with a shifted psyche says normal ... you have to be very wary of that ..
      2. Looking for
        Looking for 16 January 2018 22: 26
        +1
        Well, finally appeared.
  4. DimanC
    DimanC 16 January 2018 06: 55
    +7
    Ah, what are the paradoxes of our history: some “get money” from Germany, like, make a revolution (by the way, and who can tell when the revolution happened, “money” from Germany continued to come?), And others get money (and then weapons), crush this revolution ...
    1. Looking for
      Looking for 16 January 2018 22: 30
      +1
      Here answer, where are the facts confirming the nonsense about the money received by the Bolsheviks ?.
      1. DimanC
        DimanC 17 January 2018 18: 22
        0
        Actually, therefore, quotation marks
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 16 January 2018 07: 27
    13
    Those who overthrew the king organized resistance to those who overthrew them ...
  6. captain
    captain 16 January 2018 09: 56
    0
    Thanks for the description of those events. Sincerely.
  7. Morozov
    Morozov 16 January 2018 10: 36
    +6
    As if some readers today were turning over their thought about the sinfulness of certain personalities, the fact remains. The brave and trained Volunteer Army was beaten by poorly disciplined red squad units. Rostov-on-Don was hastily abandoned by the officer army; the volunteers left on the Ice Camp.
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 16 January 2018 12: 03
      +3
      The Volunteer Army was in its infancy, small in number, and it was not so trained, nor was it an army of officers — there were many Cossacks, all kinds of townsfolk, and peasants. As a result Ice hikeand the military backbone of the White Army was formed
      1. Morozov
        Morozov 16 January 2018 12: 27
        +4
        I agree, but not completely .... So, according to the data from the dissertation of Abinyakin R. M. for the 2000 year: “Before the Volunteer Army entered the 1th Kuban campaign, its composition was determined as follows: one third of officers, about half of the cadets, more 10% of civilian students and pupils of the cadet corps and single soldiers. " It turns out this picture: a cadet against working youth from the Red Guard, of whom there were a majority and the masses of unbridled, morally decomposed Russian soldiers. And one front-line officer, a well-trained junker (cadet) or a front-line soldier - a Kornilov soldier, how many working boys are in battle?
        PS the social composition of the Red Guard can be seen in the book of E. Kadirov "The Red Guard. Petrograd - Moscow" and the monographs of V. I. Startsev and others.
        1. bober1982
          bober1982 16 January 2018 12: 46
          +3
          I also agree, but not completely.
          To call a trained army, hastily assembled officers, gymnasium students, junkers, etc., the language does not turn around. The Red Guards had the same situation, but their people were more unbridled, as you rightly noted, and they outnumbered the volunteers in numbers.
          Hence the completely meaningless fights and clashes (from the point of view, of course, of military art), and the same cruelty towards each other - no one was taken prisoner, they were killed and slaughtered.
          1. Morozov
            Morozov 16 January 2018 12: 54
            +3
            It is easy to call “hastily assembled” consolidated units, both white and red, only many of the officers knew each other perfectly. Corporate spirit. Fanaticism and self-sacrifice are present ... The battles were completely meaningful, in the spirit of a civil war. The bitterness is also present. The battles and firefights took place within the framework of the "echelon war" concept, which showed its superiority in the steppe theater in the initial period ... with the forces that were available. PS By the way, there wasn’t a lot of Cossacks, all kinds of inhabitants, peasants in the Dobarmia, model 1917 of the year.
            1. bober1982
              bober1982 16 January 2018 13: 05
              +3
              White - yes, this same fanaticism and self-sacrifice was, not without reason, white traditions were born in the Ice Campaign. For the Reds, one can hardly speak of any fanaticism, they were too corrupted.
              1. Morozov
                Morozov 16 January 2018 13: 25
                +3
                As we know, revolutions are made by fanatics and idealists. There are interesting recollections of the Bolsheviks and ordinary workers. They have the answer: for what kind of devil did these people pick up a rifle and leave Moscow or Petrograd to bring social equality.
                1. bober1982
                  bober1982 16 January 2018 13: 34
                  +2
                  Dukhonin in Mogilev was clearly not torn to pieces by these idealist and Moscow idealists, but by a corrupted crowd. And there are many examples such as Kornilov dug from the grave and mocked. This is such social equality.
                  1. Morozov
                    Morozov 16 January 2018 13: 48
                    +3
                    Substitution of the thesis! Some Russian servicemen, seconded by the SNK to Mogilev, dealt with Dukhonin. Being in a state of post-traumatic stress disorder, confident in their impunity, these soldiers acted at their own peril and risk. There was no official order to kill Dukhonin. But there was a centuries-old fierce Russian peasant. Russian rebellion is so meaningless and merciless!
                    1. bober1982
                      bober1982 16 January 2018 14: 06
                      +2
                      I will not argue, though about some military personnel, it sounds unconvincing. It was not a stress disorder, but mass insanity, they had no fear.
                      1. Morozov
                        Morozov 16 January 2018 15: 00
                        +4
                        While serving in the army, I personally became convinced of what I was saying. Our people are dashing and many, not only ruthless, but senseless, a huge number of people, and with the mass mutiny "the pipe is wobbling on the roof." Those who were in the hot spot will never be understood by those who have never been. We always know where to shoot, specify the target No.
                  2. Looking for
                    Looking for 16 January 2018 22: 40
                    +2
                    References to these many examples. Otherwise, you deserve the characteristics-Balabol.
              2. long in stock.
                long in stock. 16 January 2018 18: 54
                +4
                can you give examples of debauchery?
            2. bober1982
              bober1982 16 January 2018 13: 13
              +3
              Quote: Morozov
              By the way, there wasn’t a lot of Cossacks, all kinds of inhabitants, peasants in the Dobarmia, the 1917 model.

              Yes, I wishful thinking about the peasants, but there were quite a few young people — gymnasium students, cadets and young romantics.
              1. Morozov
                Morozov 16 January 2018 13: 19
                +2
                Here, only objectivity is welcomed, and again objectivity. There should be no "desired" in principle.
                1. bober1982
                  bober1982 16 January 2018 13: 26
                  +2
                  I agree completely.
              2. long in stock.
                long in stock. 16 January 2018 21: 39
                +4
                and if you carefully read the article exactly them and put under the hammer- So, in this battle almost all the cadets of the Odessa and Oryol corps died .... I don’t understand something? and so we have a lot of officers with almost all front-line experience. Unfired youth turned out to be consolidated into one unit and this unit was destroyed. Is this something stupid or betrayal? Well, gentlemen swear adherents of the white cause ...
          2. avva2012
            avva2012 16 January 2018 13: 01
            +9
            Nevertheless, in the beginning, the Kornilovites did not take prisoners. If to be objective at all.
            1. bober1982
              bober1982 16 January 2018 13: 08
              +3
              But this, according to Soviet propaganda.
              1. avva2012
                avva2012 16 January 2018 13: 34
                +8
                Take an interest in this question. You will not believe this is not Soviet propaganda.
              2. Looking for
                Looking for 16 January 2018 22: 42
                +2
                Well, your propaganda is certainly true.
            2. Dzmicer
              Dzmicer 16 January 2018 13: 38
              +3
              Under the village of Gnilovskaya, the Bolsheviks killed wounded Kornilov officers and a sister of mercy. Near Lezhanka was captured and buried alive buried in the ground. There, the Bolsheviks ripped open the stomach of the priest and dragged him by the guts along the village. Their atrocities all multiplied, and almost every Kornilovite had among his relatives tortured by the Bolsheviks. In response, the Kornilovites stopped taking prisoners ... It worked. The fear of death joined the consciousness of the invincibility of the White Army.

              Trushnovich A. R. Memoirs of the Kornilovite: 1914-1934
              https://foto-history.livejournal.com/2825870.html
              Here is a good selection of what the cruelty of the volunteers was the answer to.
              If I were to witness this, I would also stop taking the enemy prisoner.
              1. Morozov
                Morozov 16 January 2018 13: 55
                +4
                It is easy to confuse the effect and the cause. However, cruelty cannot be measured and spilled blood is not calculated in liters.
              2. The comment was deleted.
              3. avva2012
                avva2012 16 January 2018 14: 08
                +7
                Kornilov ordered not to take prisoners, due to the fact that there was no where to put them, and release was also not comme il faut. Known fact confirmed right up to A. Denikin. And the fact that you are here from LJ, bring the memories of the Kornilovite .... There is no computer, then you need to look at the links, otherwise the information on the Ukrainian site will come again, go and bring it.
                1. Dzmicer
                  Dzmicer 16 January 2018 14: 27
                  +4
                  As far as I know, this “fact” is confirmed exclusively by memoirs, there are no corresponding orders or any other directives in nature.
                  While the activities of the Cheka and the authorities of the "world's first state of workers and peasants" are well documented by a special commission of inquiry to investigate the crimes of the Bolsheviks Denikin.
                  1. avva2012
                    avva2012 16 January 2018 15: 31
                    +6
                    This fact is documented by the fact that the Kornilovites did not take prisoners. Moreover, there are witnesses from both sides. And about the "special investigative commission", discard the link, I’ll look tomorrow and unsubscribe to the site.
                    1. Dzmicer
                      Dzmicer 16 January 2018 15: 49
                      +2
                      http://lib.ru/HISTORY/FELSHTINSKY/krasnyjterror1.
                      txt
                      Based on the work of the commission.
                      After reading, I came to the conclusion that I myself would not have been taken prisoner in the place of the "white" revolutionary sailors and genetic revolutionaries (whose descendants became genetic liberals and democrats).
                      1. avva2012
                        avva2012 16 January 2018 17: 18
                        +2
                        Your opinion, I did not ask, it is known. I'll see the link.
                      2. Hantengri
                        Hantengri 16 January 2018 22: 28
                        +3
                        Quote: Dzmicer
                        http://lib.ru/HISTORY/FELSHTINSKY/krasnyjterror1


                        The Red Terror during the Civil War



                        Based on materials from the Special Investigative Commission for the Investigation of Crimes
                        Bolsheviks

                        Ed. Doctors of historical sciences
                        Yu. G. Felshtinsky and G.I. Chernyavsky

                        So, the Bolsheviks themselves admitted in their official body that the murder
                        numerous hostages is nothing more than an act of red terror.
                        This event, which is notified by the above order for No. 6,
                        occurred under the following circumstances.
                        On a cold and windy autumn evening on October 18, 1918, under shallow
                        with rain and with dense fog, which prevented us from seeing one quarter ahead,
                        13 prisoners were released from prison, who were then stopped at
                        Nizhny Novgorod street near the rooms of the New European Hotel.
                        Meanwhile, some sailor, the commander of the punitive detachment, which consisted
                        of horse-drawn sailors and called the "death squad", ordered to call
                        into the corridor of the hotel of all the former hostages and according to what he had
                        the list began to call them out by name. Thus it was called sailor 52
                        person from among the 59 shown in the order number 6 shot. Rest
                        7 people were not part of the “concentration camp” at that moment, but part,
                        for an unexplained reason, they were not called by a sailor. Some hostages
                        I wanted to believe that this unusual roll call portends a change for the better
                        in their hard lifestyle. The mood of many has improved, and people prone to
                        to optimism, the promise of immediate release after some
                        formalities in the "Extraordinary" did not seem implausible. Sentence
                        taking things with them encouraged the hostages even more, and many of them began to
                        hope that in the worst case they are disturbed for a transfer to a warmer
                        the room. But the joy of the hostages was short-lived. Kicks
                        "comrades" of the rank and file of the "death squad" immediately after the hostages left
                        the street quickly returned them to harsh reality. Hotel porch was
                        lit, and therefore, despite the dense fog, 13 people standing on the street,
                        brought from prison, saw a man of sixty hostages quickly,
                        one by one, with parcels in their hands, they went out into the street.
                        There was a command "drafts bare", and a string of people doomed to
                        death, set off on Nizhny Novgorod street and turned left on Romanovsky
                        the prospectus.
                        A gusty, cold wind blew. Who could, wrapped in a blanket. Among
                        the hostages were sick. One of them, Malinowski, had inflammation
                        lungs, and the temperature exceeded 40 °. His wife threw a blanket over him.
                        Some Red Army soldier tore him from the unfortunate and abandoned him to Mrs. Malinovskaya
                        with the words: "Take your handkerchief. You are young, and he will come in handy for you, and he’s
                        Mashuka doesn't need him. "

                        Generals Ruzsky and Radko-Dmitriev felt sick, as well as
                        Father John Ryabukhin, who did not part with the Holy Gospel. Walked slowly and
                        long. Patients are tired.
                        All the hostages were taken to the Extraordinary Commission at the corner of Ermolaevsky
                        Prospect and Essentukskaya street. There, General Ruzsky fainted ....
                        .... etc. etc ... What a wonderful syllable! What emotions! Is it like this, nowadays, that it is customary to write in serious research? Is such a slobbery-snotty insert in an impartial scientific and historical text normal? Yes, really ... "white" propagandists ground.
                      3. avva2012
                        avva2012 17 January 2018 06: 54
                        +1
                        What is on Volkov’s site, what is this site, one to one. The usual technique to refer to each other? Here is another site: http://gulag.ipvnews.org/article20070225.php; http://gulag.ipvnews.org/letters.php Very interesting output from him: © 2006-2008, IPV News USA © 2006-2008, Sergey Melnikoff Many reprints in Polish and Ukrainian in the corresponding sites.
                        According to the photos. The original source, "Documents of the Special Commission ...", is today stored primarily in Archive of the People's Labor Union (NTS) in Frankfurt. What is NTS? In 1928, the former Cossack officer V.M. was elected chairman of the board of the Union of Russian National Youth (SRNM), as the organization was then called. Baidalakov, who remained in her leadership for more than ten years. By 1929, the Union united several similar youth organizations and was renamed the "National Union of Russian Youth Abroad." 1 June 1930 at the First Congress of representatives of groups and unions of Russian national youth, it was proclaimed the creation of a single Union, uniting youth groups in Yugoslavia, France, Bulgaria, Holland, as well as nine representatives of the Yugoslav branches of the Russian Union of National Youth. At the same congress, the leadership of the NSRM was elected, the ideological provisions of the new organization were formulated, its provisional charter was adopted. 17 months after the 1 congress in Belgrade, the 2 congress of the NSRM was held. In fact, the organization began work on the development and implementation of force and terrorist acts, although at the First Congress, when discussing the tactics of the NTSNP, the use of terror was recognized and accepted as necessary. in the fight against Soviet power. Moreover, in this direction all the work on educating the members of the Union was organized. Like other émigré organizations of the "older generation" - the Russian All-Military Union (ROVS), the Brotherhood of Russian Truth (BRP) and others, NTSNP in the early to mid-1930-ies. He considered terror one of the most successful methods of combating Bolshevism. Special schools were created to prepare people and transfer them to the USSR. With the beginning of the German attack on the USSR, the leadership of the NTSNP relied on the strength of German weapons, hoping with its help to free Russia from Bolshevism. To this end, many members of the Union entered the German service in the military, propaganda, civil, police and other structures of the German army, special services and civil institutions operating both in Germany and in the occupied territories of the USSR. In total, according to various sources, in Russia there were from 50 to 80 members of the NTSNP and more than 100 people worked in Germany.
                        According to a prominent member of the organization A.P. Stolypin, the leadership of the NTS tried to make contact with American and British government circles in the summer of 1943. The agent in this matter was a Swiss Red Cross employee G. Brueschweiler. A member of the NTS played a significant role in these attempts, as did a Swiss citizen, M. Grossen. Actions in establishing ties with Western countries were undertaken later. For example, in the early spring of 1944, the chairman of the STC in France (A. Stolypin) was authorized (according to the order of the Center brought by Executive Bureau member V. Poremsky) to make contact "with representatives of democracies, primarily with the French government." In 1943, the head of the NTS in Hungary, Baron N. Wieneken, was arrested for communication with British intelligence.
                        One of the Union’s founders, B. Pryanishnikov, also wrote about the contacts of the NTS with foreign intelligence, who served as chairman of the New York branch of the NTS from September 1949 to September 20 on September 1951. In the comments to the block of documents on the “parachute action” of his personal archive dated 16 January 1988 year and transferred to the State Archive of the Russian Federation (GARF), he cites extracts from the “1955-1956 intelligence reports.” Examining the protocol of 2 of September 1955 of the year he writes: “Paragraph 4 of this protocol reads:“ The management of the NTS represented by Poremsky, Okolovich, Romanov, Artemov, Olga, Brandt, Redlich and others fully understands our requirements and is trying with all honor to get the necessary intelligence results ... The question of consciousness in the STC is a difficult question, because although most of its members understand that the financial support of their organization comes from some Western source, they would be horrified if they knew that as enes for the support of their management agreed and is under the full management and control of the CIA and the SIS and forced all his so-called carry out political activities within our limited framework ... "
                        Around this moment, a new phase in the work of the NTS in the field of psychological warfare began. Particular interest in this work was shown by the relevant US structures. NTS was actually transferred to all work with dissidents in the Soviet Union. Note that the publication of "necessary" books was (and is) an important component of psychological warfare. Senate Commission Report F. Church, who was investigating the CIA in 1975, the words of one of the chiefs of the special operations department of the CIA are quoted. Back in 1961, he said: “Books differ from all other mass propaganda media primarily in that even one book can significantly change the attitude and behavior of the reader to such an extent that neither newspapers, nor radio, nor television or cinema can rise ... This, of course, is not true for all books, and not always, and not for all readers, but this happens quite often. Therefore, books are the most important tool for strategic (long-term) propaganda. ”
                        NTS operations were both open and closed. Open operations (public actions) were carried out in order to draw the attention of the world public to certain facts in the Soviet Union, the presence of opposition to the Soviet government in the USSR, as well as to the activities of the NTS as an active anti-communist organization. Closed operations were aimed at the same goals, but they were designed mainly for the population of the USSR. Methodologically, they were based on the "molecular theory" developed by V.D. Poremsky. According to this theory, in a totalitarian state it is possible to create a powerful opposition organization, whose individual cells (“molecule»), Guided by common goals, would act in one direction. Moreover, horizontal bonds between the "molecules" were not assumed. The leading and coordinating role, uniting the cells and organizations, was to take on a foreign center. For closed operations behind the Iron Curtain, special structures existed in the NTS (the last of them, by the time of creation, was the Closed Sector). Performers of closed operations, both from among emigrants and foreigners, were called "eagles" and "eagles". The operations themselves were called "Oryol". According to one of the employees of the Closed Sector, Andrei Vasiliev, for the entire period from 1960 to 1990, the NTS carried out 1097 "Oryol" operations. Including: in the USSR - 933; Poland - 80; Czechoslovakia - Xnumx. And also about 59 operations of “connection” - the transfer to people with whom contacts were established of material assistance: clothes, products, radio and photo equipment for sale, etc. The main tasks of the “eagles” were to deliver illegal literature to Soviet citizens associated with the STC, and to export samizdat abroad. The Eagles underwent special training, which included the study of the necessary methods of conspiracy. In total, as a result of the “Oryol” operations and “spherical actions” about 500 million leaflets were transferred to the Soviet Union. Most of them were seized by the KGB, but some found their addressees... Alexander Okorokov "Cold War" https://www.litmir.me/br/?b=226428&p=1
                        Since 1996, the NTS has been registered with the Russian Ministry of Justice as a socio-political movement. On whose mill, gentlemen, are you pouring?
                2. Looking for
                  Looking for 16 January 2018 22: 53
                  +2
                  These so-called "memories" were published by the famous POSEV anti-Soviet White Guard publication, which had settled in Germany since the 20s.
              4. avva2012
                avva2012 16 January 2018 16: 34
                +3
                https://foto-history.livejournal.com/2825870.html Сайт С. В. Волкова. Просмотрел книгу, но не нашел ссылок на фотографии. При попытке найти изображение по фото в Яндексе, натыкаешься на сайты такой же тематики, что и Волкова. Замкнутый круг. Причём, везде одни и те же, но конкретно откуда взяты? Друг у друга копировали? Ещё интересно, рекомендую ознакомиться: Дело №116
                1 • 2 • 3 • 4 Propaganda Department Special meeting
                under the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces in the South of Russia, the information part, August 11 1919, No. 528, Taganrog. Okay, with propaganda, but on the list among the executed, one-third, sailors, as well as, for example: Kleitman Lazar, a communist, special commissioner for the supply of the 5 state army, for mass theft of skin.
                Lensky (Abramovich) Isaac, a communist, special commissioner for the supply of the 5 state army, for mass theft of skin.
                Lopushiner Gersh, supply officer of the 5 state army, for mass theft of skin. Not animals, not otherwise, they shot their thieves, not like the current authorities.
                1. The comment was deleted.
                2. long in stock.
                  long in stock. 16 January 2018 18: 56
                  +7
                  that again the bullcrusts in a puddle sat down with their evidence? well, no wonder ..
      2. long in stock.
        long in stock. 16 January 2018 18: 53
        +5
        and the Red Army was fully formed and trained. Did I understand you correctly?
  8. Morozov
    Morozov 16 January 2018 14: 09
    +7
    "Immediately after the creation of the Volunteer Army (about 4 thousand bayonets) entered into hostilities against the Red Army." I would like to note that this statement is fundamentally false. Units of the Red Army were not opposed by the Red Army (which did not exist yet), but the regular units of the 39th Infantry Division of the Caucasian Army, sympathetic Cossack front-line soldiers and volunteer detachments of workers from the Red Guard of Donbass and the central regions of Russia.
  9. Square
    Square 16 January 2018 17: 21
    +3
    Drozdovites walked with a firm step
    The horror fled in panic
    Under the three-color Russian flag, the regiment gained fame!
    1. Morozov
      Morozov 16 January 2018 17: 28
      +3
      A very adequate commentary on the theme of the first battles of Dobrarmi and the subsequent retreat in the steppes of the Kuban. Oh, here's another ...
      "Coming out of the reeds, the platoon attacked the Reds, who were ten steps away. The Reds showed no resistance: they panicked and rushed to flee. Officers with bayonet shots, point blank shots, blocked their escape route to the village with corpses. Before the platoon and to its left crowds of red fled to the road from the bridge to the village, where two horsemen ... in uniform ran up to them.

      - Comrades! Get ready for the cathedral mountain! Cadets storm the bridge.

      A volley - and both fall killed (later, returning again to the Don, the officers saw one among the fresh graves in the village cemetery with the inscription: "Baron, Ensign Boris Nikolayevich Lisovsky. He was killed by the Kaledin’s gang on 21 on February 1918.").

      Having run out onto the road, the platoon is divided: two squads pursue the Reds fleeing into the village, the other two turn left, towards the fleeing from the river ... The Reds did not expect to meet officers in their rear ... "
      1. long in stock.
        long in stock. 16 January 2018 18: 59
        +8
        yeah. very much reminiscent of the scribble of any German compound .. fuck the broads, we all defeated left and right and then again ... and Berlin 1945 ... it’s really bad ... and how it turns out ...
  10. Looking for
    Looking for 16 January 2018 22: 33
    +3
    Quote: bober1982
    White - yes, this same fanaticism and self-sacrifice was, not without reason, white traditions were born in the Ice Campaign.

    But what kind of white traditions do the workers hang and flog the peasants with ramrods?
    1. bober1982
      bober1982 17 January 2018 08: 17
      +3
      Quote: Seeker
      But what kind of white traditions do the workers hang and flog the peasants with ramrods?

      In some ways you are right, and I can even agree with some reservations.
      The fact is that there were no “whites” as such, this term was coined by Trotsky, and the volunteers, Kornilovites, Markovites, Drozdovites themselves considered this name offensive.
      The "White Guard" arose during the period of the first Russian revolution, as the military organization of the "Black Hundred", in order to counter revolutionary terror. The Junkers called themselves "White" in October 1917, and then Trotsky’s myth-making began, as well as about the "Red Guard", similar traditions (kill innocent people).
      All the generals who participated in the Civil War were revolutionary generals, both on the one hand and on the other. And the Reds were not at all so "bast", unlike their corrupted army.
      There was such a general, Count Keller - refused to recognize the fact of the sovereign's abdication, the Provisional Government considered it criminal, here are his words:
      Kornilov is a revolutionary general. Nothing will come of the Kornilov enterprise. Innocent lives will be lost.
      1. Morozov
        Morozov 17 January 2018 10: 13
        +3
        The term "White Guard" was born on the streets of Moscow in November 1917, during street battles with the Red Guard. So volunteer groups of students designated themselves. Junkers, proudly called themselves junkers: Alekseevsky or Alexander schools.
        1. bober1982
          bober1982 17 January 2018 10: 27
          +1
          Quote: Morozov
          So volunteer groups of students designated themselves

          Something of great doubt, the students were corrupted by Marxist chatter even more than the masses of soldiers. What units can we talk about then? as soon as the shooting began, the students immediately huddled in the corners.
          1. Morozov
            Morozov 17 January 2018 11: 01
            +2
            that's for sure? .... where does the information on street fighting in Moscow come from? And why do you call the philosophy of Marxism chatter? Do you know her well? Good. It does you honor
            1. bober1982
              bober1982 17 January 2018 11: 20
              +2
              Quote: Morozov
              Do you know her well?

              I had gratitude from the general, a member of the Military Council of the Air Army - for the brilliant answer (he said so) in testing knowledge on Marxist-Leninist training. I then (in my youth) indifferently accepted my successes, but more experienced comrades patted my shoulder (in a smoking room) and say ......... you don’t understand, here you are "flying", but no one will yank at you, this general's gratitude will cover you. Such is Marxism.
              1. Morozov
                Morozov 17 January 2018 12: 35
                +2
                Fine! I believe you. But one must of course understand the line between historical science and bureaucracy, which operates within the framework of a particular ideology. Marxism is not a chance to succeed and take off on the career ladder. Marxism is a philosophy of life; it is a view of the being of mankind.
                1. bober1982
                  bober1982 17 January 2018 12: 54
                  +2
                  Quote: Morozov
                  Marxism is not a chance to succeed and take off on the career ladder. Marxism is a philosophy of life; it is a view of the being of mankind.

                  I agree with you, and it would be foolish to deny, we can add that Marxism is a brilliant doctrine that changed the world. It is another matter in which direction this philosophy has changed humanity.
  11. Looking for
    Looking for 16 January 2018 22: 49
    +1
    Quote: Dzmicer
    Under the village of Gnilovskaya, the Bolsheviks killed wounded Kornilov officers and a sister of mercy. Near Lezhanka was captured and buried alive buried in the ground. There, the Bolsheviks ripped open the stomach of the priest and dragged him by the guts along the village. Their atrocities all multiplied, and almost every Kornilovite had among his relatives tortured by the Bolsheviks. In response, the Kornilovites stopped taking prisoners ... It worked. The fear of death joined the consciousness of the invincibility of the White Army.

    Trushnovich A. R. Memoirs of the Kornilovite: 1914-1934
    https://foto-history.livejournal.com/2825870.html
    Here is a good selection of what the cruelty of the volunteers was the answer to.
    If I were to witness this, I would also stop taking the enemy prisoner.

    Edition: Trushnovich A. R. Memoirs of the Kornilovite (1914-1934). - Moscow-Frankfurt: Sowing, 2004. It is enough to mention the publisher. Who issued these so-called "memories."
    1. Cossack 471
      Cossack 471 16 January 2018 23: 25
      +3
      Yankel Movshevich Sverdlov wrote a Decree on Don’t talking and raced ... They sent and shot only for that. that "served the king." and which of the Cossacks did not serve? Every farm in our country was obliged to “mash out” a platoon or a hundred for the war. Don was severely thinned. And now in every city is Sverdlov Street. and I went to Volgograd. so there is Zemlyachki street (I don’t remember my real name. some kind of schnauzer) and what she did in Crimea !!! Thousands of 300 people have plagued. But we have forgiven everyone. Here we are billed. then the Baltic states. that. Ukrainians. and now the French want 50 billion
      1. avva2012
        avva2012 17 January 2018 03: 00
        +3
        Kozak, according to updated data, is not 300 thousand, but 500. And then raped. And then they shot again. And after ... Well, you know, not small.
      2. long in stock.
        long in stock. 17 January 2018 08: 22
        +3
        why do you forget about the participation of the Cossacks in the suppression of peasant uprisings before the war? and who told the story? again horse-drawn sailors and dashing Chinese? as you can see from the article, the Don hutalo’s troops and weapons and people. And yes .. not 300 thousand and 150 milen. .check more ... most likely to read and analyze is not fate ...
    2. avva2012
      avva2012 17 January 2018 02: 56
      +3
      The fact that the "Sowing" on the content of the CIA, the current "white" does not bother. And that’s familiar. Their idols who just did not serve.
    3. long in stock.
      long in stock. 17 January 2018 08: 17
      +4
      they never dig deep. generally striking is the superficial knowledge of the current White Guards. the feeling that you are talking to kindergarten ..
  12. avva2012
    avva2012 17 January 2018 02: 48
    +2
    Hantengri,
    I especially liked the "horse sailors." It was necessary to add, "from a submarine in the steppes of Ukraine."
    1. long in stock.
      long in stock. 17 January 2018 16: 26
      +2
      they are also with swords ... simply horror ..
    2. Hantengri
      Hantengri 17 January 2018 22: 22
      +3
      Quote: avva2012
      I especially liked the "horse sailors."

      What are you, doctor! Have you not heard of them ?! This is especially vigorous renegades from the 2nd, His Imperial Majesty the Cavalry Marine Submarine Division for Special Purpose !!! (then analogue of modern Horse-Buryat Divers) hi
      1. avva2012
        avva2012 18 January 2018 03: 14
        +4
        "We must surprise the enemy - let's go sober up in the battle! From myself I make this proposal: and unshaven!"
  13. Morozov
    Morozov 17 January 2018 08: 25
    +4
    You know what is strange that plunged me into some kind of thought? Having traveled the villages and towns of Don and Kuban in search of monuments to the heroes of the White Movement, I did not find any (I was not in Salsk) .... On the contrary, the old Soviet stelae are in good condition, there are flowers ... And this is in the Cossack regions ?! Local people, please explain this moment.
  14. Dzmicer
    Dzmicer 17 January 2018 09: 44
    +2
    avva2012,
    And all this somehow affects the actual side of things? Excuse me, but what is described in this book on the basis of the materials of the commission cannot be conceived.
    Denial of the facts does not make them less significant. By denying crimes, you only subscribe to them, thus becoming their accomplice.
    And we will be beaten with these facts exactly as long as we identify with the "red igil".
    Although it is very easy for the Russian people to relieve themselves of responsibility here:
    1) nobody chose the “red igil”, it seized power by force and terror, thereby unleashing a civil war in which the healthy forces of the nation resisted it for four years, despite the fact that the witnesses of communism got most of the army’s depots and human resources for forced mobilization;
    2) the core of the "red igil" was the "internationalist warriors" (Chinese, Baltic states, Poles, Jews, Caucasians), criminals, deserters and declassed elements, who simply do not belong to the Russian people;
    3) no one in the world has suffered so much from the "red igil" as the Russian people, therefore blaming him for the crimes of the Bolsheviks is the essence of the worst Hutspa.
    1. avva2012
      avva2012 17 January 2018 11: 47
      +3
      Comment about NTS is not for you. But, if you find something else, feel free to leave it on the site and consider it. And 1,2,3, I think, wrote in vain. Convincing and frankly weak.
    2. long in stock.
      long in stock. 17 January 2018 16: 23
      +1
      that is, again there is no evidence, there is no evidence, that is, again yap ...
      1. Dzmicer
        Dzmicer 17 January 2018 16: 29
        +2
        Get in touch again? The facts are established, duly documented and documented (photos, eyewitness accounts, exhumation protocols). The entire array is contained in the archive, on the basis of the materials of which a book was published edited by real historians (with academic degrees) - but all this, of course, is a lie. True Pravda she is in a short course in the history of VKPB newspapers "Pravda" and "Red Star"))
        1. long in stock.
          long in stock. 18 January 2018 08: 04
          0
          blah blah blah not a ride ... facts in the studio ..
      2. avva2012
        avva2012 17 January 2018 17: 20
        +4
        Facts from the NTS, accomplices of the Nazis and CIA merchants? Organizations from the end of 20's on the cash flow from the West? Traitors, proprietary Judas and their "molecules", is it possible to perceive evidence from them? I think no. This is undead.
  15. Morozov
    Morozov 17 January 2018 10: 44
    +1
    Residents of the village Lezhanka (in the Rostov region), composed such a song in 1918 ...
    "For a long, long time we listened
    These private telegrams
    Finally we decided
    Defend Lezhansky plan
    And we entered Lezhanka
    They have not heard anything.
    And the next morning we just got up
    They tell us all one thing.
    What cadets go to Lezhanka
    Not afraid of anything
    And one thing they say
    We take all to one.
    Only cadets performed
    Came out of the mountain
    Then we all perked up
    Taking their rifles.
    We relied in the trenches
    We were waiting for the enemy
    And we first let them go
    To the quarantine bridge
    Here is our brave comrade
    Roman Nikiforovich Babin
    His brave machine gun
    These scum mowed
    He mowed down a machine gun
    How good mowers are grass.
    Shout out, Brothers, we are all loud
    Hurray, to Comrade Babin.
    Machine guns helped
    The foot soldiers are good.
    The battery fled
    Leaving no one
    And the guns were thrown
    According to Lezhansky hat
    And the shutters took off
    Everyone hurried to the yard.
    And the infantry shot
    That the cartridges are gone
    Although she lost 240 people.
    Sorry for the comrades who fell
    In the hands of the cadets enemies
    They mocked them
    And chopped into pieces.
    I will sing, I will sing you brothers
    Showed you my result
    But who has laid down two sons -
    That is a pity, God forbid. "...
    They composed this song based on the results of a major battle that took place near the village. The dobrarmiya withstood the first battle with a serious adversary with honor. However, the cadets did not remember the inhabitants of the village, but the brutal reprisals against the captured Russian soldiers of the 39 division and local peasants. They killed everyone, and the captured Fritz fell under the hand ...
    1. avva2012
      avva2012 18 January 2018 07: 19
      +4
      I read your four articles on the VO about the creation of the "Red Guard". Thank you so much for the work! Very interesting! Articles are capacious, but saturated with information. I liked the syllable, very "tasty." Sincerely.
      1. Morozov
        Morozov 18 January 2018 17: 43
        +2
        Thank you very much! I am extremely pleased with your rating!