Military Review

Rise of the Left Social Revolutionaries and its weirdness

54
100 years ago, in July 1918 of the year, an uprising of the Left SRs against the Bolsheviks occurred, which became one of the main events of 1918 of the year and contributed to the growth of the Civil War in Russia. Soon, he was supported by activists from the Union for the Defense of the Motherland and Freedom, created in February-March 1918 by Boris Savinkov: they organized a series of uprisings in the cities of the Upper Volga Region.


The Left SRs were first allies of the Bolsheviks, together with the Communists they also formed the first Soviet government (Council of People's Commissars, SNK), their representatives entered other authorities of Soviet Russia. After the conclusion of the Brest Peace, the relations of the Allied parties deteriorated: the Left Social Revolutionaries were categorically against peace with Germany, they left the CPC and voted against the peace treaty at the IV Congress of Soviets in March. For a while, the Brest Treaty was supported only by one of the leaders of the Left Social Revolutionaries, Maria Spiridonova, but she soon changed her views. In addition, the revolutionary socialists opposed the growing bureaucratization and the nationalization of all aspects of life. Acting as a peasant party, they had serious contradictions with the Bolsheviks and on the peasant issue: they criticized the established practice of surplus in the village, the creation of poor committees (combines), who seized power from the village councils, where the Social Revolutionaries prevailed. At the same time, the left SRs still maintained their positions in the office of the people's commissariats, various committees, commissions, councils, served in the Cheka and the Red Army.

From 1 to 3 on July 1818, Moscow hosted the 3rd Congress of the Left Socialist Revolutionary Party, which adopted a resolution criticizing the Bolsheviks: “Increased centralization, crowning the system of bureaucratic bodies with dictatorship, the use of requisitioning units operating outside the control and guidance of local Soviets, the cultivation of poor committees the measures create a campaign against the Soviets of peasant deputies, disorganize the working Soviets, and confuse class relations in the countryside. ” The congress also decided to “break the Brest Treaty, which was disastrous for the Russian and world revolution, in a revolutionary way”.

Rise of the Left Social Revolutionaries and its weirdness


On July 4, the 5th Congress of Soviets opened in Moscow, at which delegates from the Left SRs (30,3% of all delegates) continued to criticize their yesterday’s allies. Maria Spiridonova called the Bolsheviks "traitors to the revolution." Another leader, Boris Kamkov, demanded "to sweep away the detachments and combatants from the village." The Bolsheviks answered the same. So, Lenin’s speech was harsh: “they were not with us, but against us.” He called the Party of Socialist-Revolutionaries completely dead, provocateurs, like-minded people of Kerensky and Savinkov. He unequivocally stated: "The previous speaker spoke about a quarrel with the Bolsheviks, and I will answer: no, comrades, this is not a quarrel, this is indeed an irrevocable break." The Social Revolutionaries voted to raise the question of denouncing the Brest Peace and resuming the war with Germany. When this proposal did not pass, the delegates of the Left Social Revolutionaries left the congress until July 6.

6 July left SRs organized a loud terrorist attack aimed at breaking the world with Germany. Two members of the party who served in the VChK (Jacob Blumkin and Nikolai Andreev), came to the German embassy and tried to blow up first, and then shot the German ambassador Wilhelm von Mirbach there. Maria Spiridonova, having learned about this, arrived at the Congress of Soviets and told the delegates that “the Russian people are free from Mirbach”. The chairman of the Cheka, Felix Dzerzhinsky, in turn, arrived at the headquarters of the Left Socialist-Revolutionary detachment of the commission located in Bolshoy Trekhsvyatitelsky Lane, and demanded that Blumkin and Andreev be extradited, but he found the entire Central Committee of the Left Socialist-Revolutionary Party there. As a result, the head of the Cheka himself was arrested by the Left Socialist-Revolutionary Chekists and remained with them as a hostage. Soon, the Social Revolutionaries seized the post office and the central telegraph, began to send out their appeals, in which they declared the power of the Bolsheviks deposed, demanded not to carry out the orders of Vladimir Lenin and Yakov Sverdlov, and also reported the murder of the German ambassador. One of the proclamations said: “The dominant part of the Bolsheviks, fearing possible consequences, as before, execute the orders of the German executioners. Forward, workers, workers and Red Army men, in defense of the working people, against all executioners, against all spies and provocative imperialism. ”

In the institutions and on the streets of Moscow, the Social Revolutionaries seized major Bolshevik leaders 27, and the Red Army soldiers of the Moscow garrison partially also went over to the side of the Social Revolutionaries, but mostly declared their neutrality. The only parts that remained fully loyal to the Bolsheviks were the Latvian riflemen and the “Bolshevik” part of the Cheka, headed by the Vice-Chairman of the Cheka, Latvian Jacob Peters. Lenin ordered Peters to arrest all the delegates of the Congress from the left Social Revolutionaries, and Trotsky ordered another deputy chairman of the Cheka, Martyn Latsis, to arrest all the left Social Revolutionaries serving in the Cheka, and declare them hostages. But the left SRs themselves occupied the main building of the Cheka and arrested Latsis. It seemed that the uprising of the Left Social Revolutionaries was close to victory and it remained only to take the Kremlin, to arrest Lenin and other Bolshevik leaders. But then the rebels behaved strangely and passively, despite the preponderance of forces (by the evening of July 6 they had about 1900 soldiers, 4 armored vehicles and 8 guns against 700 soldiers, 4 armored cars and 12 guns from the Bolsheviks). They did not storm the Kremlin, taking advantage of the surprise, numerical superiority and confusion of the leadership of the Bolsheviks. Instead, the fighters of the left Social Revolutionaries "rebelled" in the barracks. But the leadership of the Left Social Revolutionaries, instead of leading the uprising and its spread, for some reason, quietly went to the congress and later made itself caught.

During this pause, the Bolsheviks managed to pull back to Moscow another 3300 Latvian riflemen stationed in the nearest suburbs, to raise troops of the Red Guard. On early July 7, the Latvians, armed with machine guns, guns and armored cars, began to assault the positions of the Left Social Revolutionaries. The Social Revolutionaries did not offer much resistance. During the storming of the headquarters in Bolshoy Trekhsvyatitelsky Lane, even artillery was used, despite the fact that the building was occupied not only by the Left Esser security officers, but also by their hostages. 450 delegates to the Congress of Soviets - Left Social Revolutionaries and Left Social Revolutionary Chekists were arrested. The very next day, 13 employees of the Cheka, including another former deputy Dzerzhinsky, left Socialist-Revolutionary Vyacheslav Alexandrovich, were shot, but with most of the Left Social Revolutionaries, the Bolsheviks did relatively mildly, from several months to three years in prison (many were soon amnestied). So, Maria Spiridonova was sentenced only to a year in prison, and many prominent left-wing Social Revolutionaries managed to escape from arrest and escape from Moscow. And the murderer of Mirbach Blumkin was not even arrested! And he continued to serve in the Cheka. He was only temporarily sent on a business trip to the south. In all, only 600 Left SRs were arrested in Russia, while serious clashes with the Bolsheviks were observed only in Petrograd, where 10 people were killed during the assault on the Left Socialist-Revolutionary headquarters.

On July 9, the Congress of Soviets, which already consisted of some Bolsheviks, unanimously decided to expel the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries from the Soviets. But at the lowest level, the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries and even the Mensheviks, without much advertisements, although not hiding their views, continued to work in the soviets until the beginning of the 1920-s.

Thus, after the suppression of the uprising of the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries in Russia, a one-party authoritarian regime is established. The Left SRs were defeated and could not resume the war of Soviet Russia with Germany. The German government, after the apologies already made on July 6 by July, forgive the murder of its ambassador.


Latvian arrows and delegates to the V Congress of Soviets in front of the Bolshoi Theater

Uprising in Yaroslavl

July 6 also began a rebellion in Yaroslavl. He was headed by Colonel Alexander Perkhurov, an activist of the underground "Union for the Defense of the Motherland and Freedom," Social Revolutionary Boris Savinkov. The uprising in Yaroslavl had been preparing for a long time: before this, the anti-Bolshevik underground had been formed in the city for several months from among the former members of the Union of Officers, the Union of Frontline Soldiers and the Union of St. George Knights. By the beginning of the uprising in the city, it was possible to legally quarter up to 300 officers, who, according to legend, came to re-register for service in the Red Army. On the night of July 6, rebels led by Perkhurov (first around 100 people) attacked a large warehouse weapons and captured it. A militia squad sent by the signal of the incident also went over to the side of the insurgents, and in the morning the whole city police headed by the provincial commissioner. When advancing into the city on the side of the rebels, the armored division (2 armored car and 5 large-caliber machine guns) also switched, and another regiment declared neutrality. On the side of the red there was only a small so-called. "Special communist detachment", which after a short battle laid down arms.

The insurgents occupied all the administrative buildings, the post office, the telegraph, the radio station and the treasury. The Commissioner of the Yaroslavl Military District, David Zakheim, and the chairman of the executive committee of the city council, Semyon Nakhimson, were captured in the apartments and killed the same day. 200 other Bolsheviks and Soviet workers were arrested and imprisoned in the hold of the "death barge" standing in the middle of the Volga - from stuffiness in the hold, lack of water and food, unsanitary captives began to die en masse from the very first day, and when trying to leave the barge they were shot ( As a result, more than a hundred of those arrested died, others were able to escape). Perkhurov proclaimed himself commander-in-chief of the Yaroslavl province and commander of the so-called Northern Volunteer Army, subordinate to the supreme command of General MV Alekseev. About 6 thousand people enrolled in the ranks of the "Northern Army" (actively participated in the battles around 1600 - 2000 people). Among them were in considerable numbers not only former officers of the tsarist army, junker and students, but also soldiers, local workers and peasants. There were not enough weapons, especially guns and machine guns (there were only 2 three-inch guns and 15 machine guns at the disposal of the rebels). Therefore, Perkhurov resorted to defensive tactics, expecting help from weapons and people from Rybinsk.


The leader of the uprising in Yaroslavl, Alexander Petrovich Perkhurov

On July 8, in Yaroslavl, the activity of the city government was restored according to the laws of the Provisional Government of 1917. On July 13, by its resolution of the Perkhurov, to “re-establish law and order and public peace” abolished all Soviet authorities and abolished all its decrees and decrees, “authorities and officials that existed under the laws in force before the October 1917 coup of the year” were restored. Factory settlements outside the Kotorosl River, where the 1-th Soviet regiment was located, the rebels failed to capture. Soon the Reds with the Tugovoi Mountain that dominated the city began shelling Yaroslavl. The rebel calculation that the very fact of the uprising would raise the Yaroslavl and neighboring provinces proved to be untenable - the initial success of the uprising could not be developed. Meanwhile, the Soviet military command hastily hurried to Yaroslavl troops. In the suppression of the uprising, not only the local regiment of the Red Army and the workers' detachments took part, but also the Red Guard detachments from Tver, Kineshma, Ivanovo-Voznesensk, Kostroma and other cities.

Yu. S. Guzarsky was appointed commander of the forces on the southern coast of Kotorosl, and A.J. Hecker arrived on July 14 from Vologda on the both banks of the Volga near Yaroslavl. The ring of red troops was rapidly shrinking. Red Guard detachments and units of internationalists (Latvians, Poles, Chinese, German and Austro-Hungarian prisoners of war) launched an offensive against Yaroslavl. The city was heavily shelled and bombed from the air. Because of Kotorosl and from the side of the Vspolye station, the city was continuously bombarded with artillery and armored trains. Red squads bombed the city and suburbs with airplanes. So, as a result of airstrikes Demidov Lyceum was destroyed. The rebels did not surrender, and the shelling was intensified, they were beaten on the squares, as a result of which streets and whole neighborhoods were destroyed. Fires broke out in the city and up to 80% of all buildings were destroyed in the part of the city that was in revolt.


76-mm gun obr. 1902, which participated in the shelling of Yaroslavl. The gun was disabled by a projectile exploded in the barrel.

Seeing the hopelessness of the position of Perkhurov on the military council, he proposed to break out of the city and leave either to Vologda or Kazan to meet the People’s Army. However, most of the commanders and fighters, being local residents, led by General Peter Karpov, refused to leave the city and decided to continue the struggle while they could. As a result, a detachment of 50 people headed by Perkhurov fled from Yaroslavl on a steamer on the night of 15 on July 16 of 1918. Later, Perkhurov entered Komuch's People's Army, served Kolchak, was captured in 1920, and 1922 was convicted in Yaroslavl by an indicative court and executed. Commander in the city remained General Karpov. Having exhausted their forces and ammunition, the rebels laid down their arms on July 21. Some fled into the woods or along the river, and the other part of the officers went to the trick in order to save their lives. They came to the premises of the German Commission of Prisoners of War No. 4 located in the city theater, engaged in their return to their homeland, declared that they did not recognize the Peace of Brest, consider themselves at war with Germany and surrendered to the Germans as a prisoner, handing them their weapons. The Germans promised to protect them from the Bolsheviks, but the next day they issued officers for reprisals.

The number of Red Army soldiers who died during the suppression of the uprising is unknown. During the fighting, about 600 rebels died. After the capture of Yaroslavl, mass terror began in the city: on the first day after the end of the uprising, 428 people were shot (including the entire headquarters of the rebels - 57 people). As a result, almost all the participants in the uprising died. In addition, during the fighting, shelling and air strikes, the city suffered significant material damage. In particular, 2147 houses were destroyed (28 thousand inhabitants were left homeless) and destroyed: Demidov Juridical Lyceum with its famous library, 20 factories and factories, part of shopping malls, dozens of churches and churches, 67 buildings of government, medical, cultural purposes. Also, the collections of the Petrograd Artillery Historical Museum (AIM), the largest museum of the Russian army, exported to Yaroslavl, which contained military and artistic values ​​related to history all kinds of land forces of Russia. So, 55 crates full of flags and weapons burned: around 2000 banners in total (including Streltsy), all trophies collected during the First World War, instances of valuable weapons and other firearms, etc.

On July 8, supporters of the Union for the Defense of the Motherland and Freedom also made an unsuccessful attempt to revolt in another city in the northern Volga region, Rybinsk. In spite of the fact that Boris Savinkov and Alexander Dikgoff-Derental personally led the uprising here, they did not succeed in capturing even parts of the city and after a few hours of stubborn fighting with the Red Army survivors had to flee. In addition, on July 8, the Union for the Defense of the Motherland and Freedom launched an anti-Bolshevik uprising in Murom. Late in the evening, the rebels attacked the local military enlistment office and seized weapons. By night, under the control of the rebels were all the main administrative buildings of the city. However, here, unlike Yaroslavl, the rebels failed to win over large masses of the population and form a large armed detachment. On July 10, the rebels had to flee from the city to the east in the direction of Ardatov. The Reds chased them for two days and scattered them.


Boris Savinkov (center)

Muraveva mutiny

10 July 1918 began the so-called “Muravyov mutiny” - left Social Revolutionary Mikhail Muravyov, appointed 13 on June 16 as commander of the Eastern Front of the Red Army (the front turned against the insurgent Czechoslovak Corps and the Whites). Interestingly, 6 and 7 July, in the days of the uprising of the Left SRs in Moscow, Muravyov did not take any action and assured Lenin of the loyalty of the Soviet government. Apparently, Muravyov started a rebellion on his own, receiving news from Moscow and fearing arrest because of suspicions of disloyalty (he was distinguished by an adventurous temper, he dreamed of becoming “red Napoleon”). On the night from 9 to 10 July, the commander unexpectedly left the front headquarters in Kazan. Together with two faithful regiments, he moved to the ships and sailed in the direction of Simbirsk.

July 11 squad Muravyova landed in Simbirsk and occupied the city. Almost all Soviet leaders in the city were arrested (including the commander of the 1 army, Mikhail Tukhachevsky). From Simbirsk, Muravyov sent telegrams about the non-recognition of the Brest peace, the resumption of war with Germany and an alliance with the Czechoslovak Corps, and declared himself the commander-in-chief of the army that would fight the Germans. The troops of the front and the Czechoslovak Corps were ordered to move to the Volga and further west. Muravyov also proposed the creation of a separate Soviet republic in the Volga region, headed by left Social Revolutionaries Maria Spiridonova, Boris Kamkov and Vladimir Karelin. On the side of Muravyov, left Social Revolutionaries crossed over: the commander of the Simbirsk group of forces and the Simbirsk fortified area Klim Ivanov and the head of the Kazan fortified area Trofimovsky.

In a joint statement, Lenin and Trotsky called the former commander-in-chief a traitor and an enemy of the people, demanding that “every honest citizen” shoot him on the spot. But Muravyov was killed even before the public announcement of this appeal, when on the same day, July 11, after sending telegrams, he appeared in the Simbirsk council and demanded that he transfer power. There he landed in an ambush arranged by the chairman of the provincial party committee of the CPSU (b) Joseph Vareikis and the Latvian arrows. During the meeting, the Red Guards and the Chekists left the ambush and announced their arrest. Muravyov had armed resistance and was killed (according to other sources - he shot himself). On July 12, the official newspaper of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee “Izvestia” posted a government message “On the Treason of Muravyov”, which stated that “seeing the complete collapse of his plan, Muravyov committed suicide by a shot to the temple”.

Thus, Muravyev’s rebellion proved short-lived and unsuccessful. Yet he did serious damage to the Red Army. The command and control of the Eastern Front was disorganized, first by telegrams from Commander-in-Chief Muravyov about peace with the Czechoslovakians and the war with Germany, and then about Muravyev’s treason. Red troops were demoralized by this. As a result, the whites (the People’s Army Komuch) soon succeeded in seriously pressing the Reds and knocking them out of Simbirsk, Kazan and other cities of the Volga region, which further worsened the position of Soviet Russia. So, July 21 shock combined detachment of the People's Army and the Czechoslovak Corps under the command of Vladimir Kappel took Simbirsk. July 25 Czechoslovak Corps troops entered Yekaterinburg. On the same day, the People’s Army Komuch occupied Hvalynsk. In addition, the Reds suffered heavy defeats in the east of Siberia in the middle of July. The Red Army left Irkutsk, where Siberian whites and Czechoslovakians entered. Red detachments retreated to Baikal.

July 17 The Provisional Siberian Government, located in Omsk, under the leadership of Peter Vologodsky, adopted the “Declaration of State Independence of Siberia”. The declaration proclaimed the international legal personality of Siberia, whose borders stretched from the Urals to the Pacific Ocean, and the independence of the government of the Provisional Siberian Government. At the same time, the leaders of Siberia immediately declared their readiness to return to democratic Russia, if the will of the newly assembled All-Russian Constituent Assembly was expressed. It is clear that these were only words. In fact, all the “independent” and “democratic” governments appearing on the ruins of old Russia automatically became colonies of the West and partially of the East (Japan).


Soldiers of the regiments of Mikhail Muravyov and the Czechoslovak Corps

About the strangeness of the rebellion

As noted above, the rebels were extremely passive, did not use a favorable moment to take up. The leadership of the Bolsheviks was partly arrested, others hesitated. In particular, Lenin doubted the loyalty of the commander of the main shock unit - the Latvian riflemen, Vatsetisa and the head of the Cheka - Dzerzhinsky. The rebels had the opportunity to arrest the delegates of the congress and members of the Soviet government, but did not. A detachment of the Cheka under the command of Popov did not take any active actions and until his defeat he sat in the barracks. Even in the appeal that was sent around the country, there were no calls to overthrow the Bolsheviks, or to go to the aid of the rebels in Moscow.

It is also interesting that the punishment of the Left Social Revolutionaries was mild, especially in the context of the Civil War and the gravity of the crime - the attempted coup d'état. Only deputy chairman of the Cheka Aleksandrovich Alexandrovich, and 12 people from the Popov Cheka squad were shot. Others received a short time, and soon were released. The direct participants in the attempt on the German ambassador, Blumkin and Andreev, were not actually punished. But Blumkin generally became the closest employee of Dzerzhinsky and Trotsky. This eventually led some researchers to the idea that there was no rebellion. The uprising was a dramatization of the Bolsheviks themselves. This version was proposed by Yu. G. Felshtinsky. The uprising was a provocation that led to the establishment of a one-party system. The Bolsheviks received a reason to eliminate competitors.

According to another version, the uprising was initiated by part of the Bolshevik leadership, which wanted to overthrow Lenin. So, in December 1923, Zinoviev and Stalin reported that the head of the “Left Communists” Bukharin received a proposal from the Left Socialist-Revolutionaries to overthrow Lenin by force, establishing a new composition of the SNK. We must not forget that the so-called. “Left Communists”, including Dzerzhinsky (head of the Cheka), N. Bukharin (the main ideologue of the party) and other prominent representatives of the Bolshevik Party, advocated a revolutionary war with Germany. Only the threat of Lenin to leave the Central Committee and turn directly to the masses made them give up on this issue. Dzerzhinsky’s behavior, which came to the rebel headquarters and actually “surrendered”, also raises questions. With this he violated the management of the Cheka and at the same time created an alibi for himself, in case of failure of the plan. Yes, and the instigator of the rebellion - Blumkin later became the favorite of Dzerzhinsky in the Cheka. In addition, it is precisely in the environment of the "iron Felix" that the Anglo-French trace is clearly visible, and the Entente was interested in continuing the war between Russia and Germany.

It is also worth noting that in Vatsetis in 1935, he called the Left Socialist-Revolutionary insurrection a "dramatization" of Trotsky. We should not forget about the special role of Trotsky in the revolution in Russia and his connection with the "financial international" (the masters of the West). During the controversy over peace with Germany, Trotsky took a frankly provocative position - speaking against peace and against war. At the same time, Trotsky had close contacts with representatives of the Entente. It is not surprising that he tried to break the world with Germany and strengthen his position in the Bolshevik leadership. Thus, the Left SRs used more serious "players" for solving their tasks. Hence the lack of common sense in the behavior of the leadership of the socialist revolutionaries.
Author:
Articles from this series:
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How the battle for the Don began
"Your talk is not needed by the working people. The guard is tired!"
100 years of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army and Navy
Who incited the Civil War
White fought for the interests of the West
Anti-Russian and anti-state white project
How "Ukrainian Chimera" incited the Civil War
How to create Ukraine and the "Ukrainian people"
How the red took Kiev
Victory of the Red Army on the Don
Bloody Battle of the Ice Campaign
How Kornilov stormed Ekaterinodar
Destined to die? Died with honor!
People against power
How Drozdovtsy broke through on the Don
How drozdovtsy stormed Rostov
Don Republic Ataman Krasnov
West helped the Bolsheviks?
Why did the West support both red and white?
Why do Czechoslovak murderers and looters erect monuments in Russia
Second Kuban campaign
Eastern Front Education
Why did they kill the Russian tsar?
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  1. Olgovich
    Olgovich 27 July 2018 06: 46
    +2
    . The only parts that have fully preserved fidelityto the Bolsheviks, remained Latvian arrows /
    Bolsheviks managed to pull another 3300 to Moscow Latvian shooters

    In how: "Russian" revolution was saved by "some" Rusaks "
    But here the rebels behaved strangely and passively, despite the superiority in forces

    They behaved themselves just fine: they did not want to shed fraternal blood.
    but with the majority of the Left Social Revolutionaries, the Bolsheviks acted relatively soft, giving from several months to three years in prison (many were soon amnestied). So, Maria Spiridonova was sentenced only to a year in prison,

    The author is modestly silent: then again arrested and exiled, escaped from the family of arrest, again arrested, placed in a "psychiatric hospital", again exiled, arrested and shot.
    Spiridonova is the only candidate from the Left Socialist Revolutionaries and Bolsheviks to chair the Constituent Assembly of Russia. Asylum and bullet-gratitude of the "allies."
    The rest of the Socialist Revolutionaries destroyed all the years of the Soviets until the end of the 30s, until they destroyed everyone. As, however, and Peters with Latsis, recognized as spies and bandits.
    But it was they who had power in the councils of the peasants, i.e. enjoyed the confidence of the majority.
    Not those companions were chosen and received in full ...
    1. Royalist
      Royalist 27 July 2018 18: 23
      +3
      Olgovich, let me clarify: regarding the escape of Spiridonova, there may have been a provocation or it is possible that people sympathizing with Spiridonova remained in their places. Spiridonov was shot in July 1941 without any trial. And as for the Peters, Latsisov and other "Russians", they also need to go there.
      1. Looking for
        Looking for 27 July 2018 20: 50
        +2
        I see, the cuckoo praises the cock, but that he praises the cuckoo.
  2. bober1982
    bober1982 27 July 2018 07: 48
    +5
    The author of the article correctly pointed out the oddities of the Socialist Revolutionary revolt in Moscow, as well as the oddities in the murder of Mirbach, in fact they were provocations, and provocateurs from both warring parties. The Bolsheviks had to somehow get rid of their overly restless, uncontrollable and unnecessary " allies. "
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 29 July 2018 06: 28
      0
      Quote: bober1982
      ..... there were provocations, and the provocateurs were from both ......
      In the 90s, the Bolshevik provocation began to be procrastinated. However, no exact documents confirming this were found.
      1. voyaka uh
        voyaka uh 2 August 2018 10: 24
        -1
        Even in Soviet times, the fact that Blyumkin, who launched the uprising and killed the German ambassador, was not arrested, but advanced in the Cheka, provoked such speculation: "provocateur".
  3. Basil50
    Basil50 27 July 2018 07: 49
    +8
    Yeah
    The author has tried. And about the * dictatorship * of the Bolsheviks and about cruelty in suppressing the rebellion. That's just about the rebellion itself and about the rebels themselves and their goals, why so slurred? How about how they took hostages and why there were so few released hostages? Where did they go?
    By the way, and about * komuch * so, in passing. And by the way, much of what was listed by the author that was credited to the destroyed popped up either from Kolchak or from Denikin.
    It turns out that raising a rebellion and taking a good cause hostage?
    So in our memory Chechens acted like. And the rebellion was raised and RUSSIAN organized genocide and took hostages.
    1. Serg65
      Serg65 27 July 2018 08: 44
      +4
      Quote: Vasily50
      It turns out that raising a rebellion and taking a good cause hostage?

      laughing The joke itself, comrade Vasily, in January of the 19, the Bolshevik Osipov overthrew Soviet power in Tashkent, and the Left Social Revolutionary Belov restored this power, in what kind of akazia !!!!!
      Quote: Vasily50
      It turns out that raising a rebellion and taking a good cause hostage?

      belay Do you think that the October rebellion followed by the hostage-taking is not a good thing ????
    2. Basil50
      Basil50 27 July 2018 11: 20
      +10
      65
      Oddly enough, it was precisely the Bolsheviks who began to collect land and rebuild what the liberals managed to destroy after February 1917.
      Whatever self-names the liberals did not accept and would not stick to someone, but apart from destroying the liberals they know nothing. In the nineties of the last century, they demonstrated this and today they only support the existence of RUSSIA without a vision of future development.
      1. bober1982
        bober1982 27 July 2018 11: 26
        +1
        Quote: Vasily50
        Oddly enough, it was precisely the Bolsheviks who began to collect land and rebuild what the liberals managed to destroy after February 1917.

        For all Divine Providenceif Trotsky had won - the civil war before complete mutual annihilation, whites would have won - the formation of a large number of small, weak states. Nothing happens by chance.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Sweetheart
          Sweetheart 28 July 2018 19: 14
          +3
          Quote: bober1982
          For all Divine Providence, if Trotsky defeated - a civil war until complete mutual annihilation, whites would have won - the formation of a large number of small, weak states. Nothing happens by chance.

          Bah ... well, it’s necessary, for once you gave out something that corresponds to history — Lenin, including the Belykhs, would not have won, Stalin had not won, Trotsky had not won, Russia had not existed .. would be a number, bantustanov ... in the "White Guard" Bulgakov clearly described how it would be ...
          1. bober1982
            bober1982 28 July 2018 19: 43
            0
            Quote: The Swordsman
            issued something that matches the story

            This, not I betrayed, about Fishing he said, by the way, there was another option - Bukharin, but also not the best one - there is no army, no industry, there is trade, some prosperity, but then you would just dare (Hitler)
            Quote: The Swordsman
            in the "White Guard" Bulgakov clearly described how it would be ...

            I do not agree here, the book is about something else.
            1. Sweetheart
              Sweetheart 28 July 2018 20: 46
              +1
              Quote: bober1982
              but then just would dare (Hitler)

              So the option was ONE and no more, the story took place as it took place.
              Quote: bober1982
              I do not agree here, the book is about something else.

              All about that. Do not be like olgovich. For the history of throwing Turbina. Look more broadly at what is described. At the same time, remember the character-talberg .. well spilled olgovich ..
              1. bober1982
                bober1982 29 July 2018 06: 56
                0
                Quote: The Swordsman
                So the option was ONE and no more

                There were many options, we mentioned them, but the one that helped and saved was chosen. If there wasn’t this option, you and I would now graze the sheep, or remove the manure.
                Quote: The Swordsman
                remember the character-talberg .. well spilled olgovich ..

                Nothing in common, absolutely, you look at the Bulgakov book from class positions, drop it.
                1. Sweetheart
                  Sweetheart 29 July 2018 07: 52
                  +1
                  Quote: bober1982
                  you look at the Bulgakov book from class positions, drop it.

                  Traitor Homeland of selfish interests, the assessment of him as a traitor. Depends on class interests? None.
                  He is a traitor, worthy of one to the wall.
                  You do not like the class view .. but there is no other way, the game of universal values ​​and other liberal crap. End in tragedy for the country and for the people.
                  "Yes, death didn’t slow down. She went along the autumn and then winter Ukrainian roads along with dry blowing snow. She began tapping machine guns in coppices. She herself was not visible, but, clearly visible, was preceded by a certain clumsy little man of anger. He he ran through the snowstorm and cold, in holey bast shoes, with hay in an uncovered head falling down and howled, in his hands he carried a great club, without which no undertaking in Russia could do without. Light red cockerels fluttered, and then appeared in the purple setting sun hung by the genital Jewish Shinkar organs. And in the Polish beautiful capital Warsaw, a vision was seen: Henryk Sienkiewicz stood in the cloud and grinned venomously. Then he started just like hell, swelled and jumped in bubbles. The priests rang the bells under the green domes of the disturbed churches, and nearby, in the room schools, with glasses broken by rifle bullets, sang revolutionary songs. "Isn’t it. How does it remind the current Ruin, with the hetman Poroshenko?
                  1. bober1982
                    bober1982 29 July 2018 12: 58
                    +1
                    Quote: The Swordsman
                    Traitor Homeland of selfish interests

                    He, Talberg, did not abandon his homeland (it was abandoned by everyone, ours and not ours), he threw his woman to the mercy of fate (to tear to pieces), which may be a class approach.
                    1. Sweetheart
                      Sweetheart 29 July 2018 13: 09
                      +2
                      Quote: bober1982
                      He, Talberg, did not abandon his homeland

                      He left both the woman and the motherland.
                      The classes were "invented" even before Marx by quite bourgeois historians. And from the fact that you will deny the existence of classes, class contradictions and even class enemies, nothing will change in reality from this.
        3. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 2 August 2018 10: 27
          -2
          "if Trotsky had won" ////
          ----
          So it was Trotsky who defeated the whites in the Civil War. Whether it is good or bad, depending on political beliefs.
          1. Sweetheart
            Sweetheart 4 August 2018 15: 32
            +2
            Trotsky “won”? Where is it in which battle and when, on which front. Trotsky “won”? History doesn’t know the commander of Trotsky, the talker and provocateur. an aferist and the servant of Wall Street, but he doesn’t appear in the generals.
            The myth of Trotsky’s supposedly decisive role in the creation of the Red Army is nothing more than a myth.
  4. bober1982
    bober1982 27 July 2018 08: 11
    +7
    Wacetis was most likely telling the truth when he claimed that ........ the Left Social Revolutionary rebellion was a staging of Trotskyas stated in the article. Trotsky, and his group, were closely connected with American bankers, and the assassination of Mirbach hit the Leninist "sealed" group, which in turn was connected with the Germans.
    By the way, it’s not customary to talk with us, they modestly keep silent that the “iron” Felix was informally included in the Trotskyist group, and his whole role in all these events is mysterious. Well, the role of Lockhart and British intelligence in the murder of Mirbach is just "ears stick out."
  5. Flavius
    Flavius 27 July 2018 10: 59
    +3
    The commissar of the Yaroslavl military district, David Zakheim, and the chairman of the executive committee of the city council, Semyon Nakhimson, were captured in apartments and killed on the same day. 200 other Bolsheviks and Soviet workers were arrested and imprisoned in the hold of a “death barge” in the middle of the Volga - from the stuffiness in the hold, lack of water and food, unsanitary conditions, the prisoners began to die en masse from the very first days, and when they tried to leave the barge they were shot (in as a result, more than a hundred arrested died, others were able to escape).

    This Social Revolutionary did a good deed. It’s a pity they didn’t reach Vladimir Ilyich with Joseph Vissarionovich - they would be on that barge, dear deed smile
    1. cradle
      cradle 28 July 2018 11: 48
      +5
      You do not touch the ITT with dirty hands!
      1. Flavius
        Flavius 28 July 2018 14: 00
        -1
        Why? For everyone, it would be better if they threw a Stolypin tie to Joseph Vissarionovich.
        1. MrK
          MrK 28 July 2018 19: 06
          +2
          Quote: Flavius
          For everyone, it would be better if they threw a Stolypin tie to Joseph Vissarionovich.

          Sir. You better think about your fate. You never know what.
          1. Flavius
            Flavius 28 July 2018 21: 09
            0
            Quote: mrark
            Sir. You better think about your fate. You never know what.

            It's all right, comrade. I'm fine, I stand firmly on my feet smile And how do you still connect with the proletariat?
        2. Sweetheart
          Sweetheart 28 July 2018 19: 11
          +2
          Quote: Flavius
          How much

          How much are the pieces of silver now? How much have you been given. The newly-discovered bunk crunch, admirer of Hitler and others. For such scribbles?
          Eh ... it’s long been clear, any dirt on the USSR, Stalin, this is an enemy attack in fact, against the foundations of Russia .. Russia has always been Russia in whatever shape it exists. the zenith of power, obviously plowing on strangers.
          1. Flavius
            Flavius 28 July 2018 21: 07
            +1
            Quote: The Swordsman
            Eh ... it’s been clear for a long time, every roll of dirt on the USSR, Stalin, it’s a roll of the enemy in fact, against the foundations of Russia.

            The foundation of Russia is the Russian Orthodox people who created it. And not the pockmarked Georgians with a bunch of Jews who destroyed this very Russia by conspiring with an external enemy.
            1. Sweetheart
              Sweetheart 28 July 2018 22: 16
              +2
              Quote: Flavius
              The foundation of Russia is the Russian Orthodox people who created it. And not the pockmarked Georgians with a bunch of Jews who destroyed this very Russia by conspiring with an external enemy.

              What an enchanting set of stupidity ... did you take history lessons at school on the run along the corridor to the toilet?
              Confirm your enchanting delights, know how?
              to the account of the empire that has faded away in three days, there are lots of evidence, as well as loss of confidence in the priests. so what are you trying to talk about here? Bulkohrusty .. how are you all wretched in your speculations ..
              1. Flavius
                Flavius 28 July 2018 22: 24
                +2
                What to confirm, comrade? Can you imagine that during the Second World War Soviet citizens ride through Germany to the USSR by train? And your nosy idols easily managed.
                Plus Brest enchanting world to sign previously spread out the Russian army.
                That's really the basics of Russia and the zenith of power from the Jews from Zhmerinka laughing
                1. Sweetheart
                  Sweetheart 28 July 2018 22: 47
                  +2
                  Quote: Flavius
                  Can you imagine that during the Second World War Soviet citizens ride through Germany to the USSR by train?

                  Mr. Natsik, I recommend that you take the Moscow-Kaliningrad train ride, you will be happy from the sealed wagons when traveling through the territory of the Limitrophs.
                  You are boring. Russophobic anti-Soviet ...
                  As for Zhmerynka and its population at the time of the Pale of Settlement. As a rule, their descendants. Most often appear in the personalities of such “defenders of Russia.” In fact, being its opponents, continue to lie.
                  1. Flavius
                    Flavius 28 July 2018 23: 02
                    +1
                    Laugh, comrade. After all, you yourself have created limitrophs. In general, there is no place where the Bolsheviks would not cheat in Russia.
                    1. Sweetheart
                      Sweetheart 29 July 2018 00: 23
                      +2
                      Quote: Flavius
                      After all, you yourself have created limitrophs.

                      You have more precisely created your idol-Yeltsin. And before him, all these rooted in with the Belys. So wipe it out, your time ended a hundred years ago.
                    2. Reptiloid
                      Reptiloid 29 July 2018 06: 23
                      +1
                      Quote: Flavius
                      ....... did not shit.
                      What kind of enemies did not try against the USSR and against Russia. And liberals crap, destroying small towns and villages of Russia, optimizing what they can reach !!!
                  2. Royalist
                    Royalist 29 July 2018 21: 32
                    0
                    Swordsman, in which I agree with you 100%: "as a rule, their descendants most often appear in the guise of the grave" defenders of Russia "in fact being its opponents" for some reason, for the most part, they took Russian surnames, and how many Russian bloodshed ! And now their descendants Pozner, Navalny and others are not "breathing evenly" to the successes of Russia. The tradition of dressing up in Russians continues - Udaltsov (a relative of the Countrymen, but the person is still that). He sleeps and sees how he will unfold in a new civil war
                    1. Flavius
                      Flavius 30 July 2018 10: 09
                      +1
                      Quote: Royalist
                      Swordsman, in which I agree with you 100%: "as a rule, their descendants most often appear in the guise of the grave" defenders of Russia "in fact being its opponents" for some reason, for the most part, they took Russian surnames, and how many Russian bloodshed !

                      It is known that the Swordsman himself came from the village, so why should he speak about Pozner ...
                    2. Sweetheart
                      Sweetheart 4 August 2018 15: 44
                      +2
                      Quote: Royalist
                      . The tradition of dressing up in Russians continues - Udaltsov (a relative of the Countrymen, but the person is still that). He sleeps and sees how he will unfold in a new civil war

                      No one is trying so much harder to unleash an internal conflict. Like those who have been wiped out of power after 90, no one is trying to light a flame. Like those who make decisions directly opposite to the needs of the absolute majority of the population, no one is so anxious to make a mess like all the above all of the reasons indicated are what the bugbear is doing from Udaltsov’s actions. You’re wrong. All the so-called orange revolutions of our time, in the post-Soviet space, were arranged by the same force — we will conditionally call it “liberal and democratic” in fact, clearly Russophobic for internal use and clearly anti-Russian for the outside, with the suppression of everyone and everything, for the sake of the ultimate beneficiary of the whole mess, the Hosts spend their money for nothing, finding people inside the society who are similar to those who are in bulk.
                      A little lower, a certain Shurik, who called a Latin nickname, exercises a bluntly speaking small demonstration of his semblance of intellect — these are the ones that ruin the country. Hiding supposedly by Orthodoxy. In fact, they cut down the roots of the country.
            2. Sweetheart
              Sweetheart 4 August 2018 16: 38
              +2
              Quote: Flavius
              The foundation of Russia is the Russian Orthodox people who created it

              Is the Church seriously preaching the revival of class slavery?
              “The main problem of modern Orthodoxy and, in fact, Russia (because Russia cannot exist without Orthodoxy) is that we have forgotten how to be slaves. Christianity is a religion of conscious and voluntary slavery. Slave psychology is not some hidden implication, but the norm of attitude for the Orthodox Christian. ”
              Someone may consider that this quote is from some kind of anti-clerical resource, aimed at exposing and removing cover from the Russian Orthodox Church in order to discredit it - but no. Quotation - from the most Christian site of the Orthodox magazine "Holy Fire".
              ➡ Source: https://publizist.ru/blogs/107999/26257/-
              If you wish to go into slavery, go yourself, but we don’t need your obscurantism for nothing
              1. Flavius
                Flavius 5 August 2018 12: 05
                +2
                Quote: The Swordsman

                Is the Church seriously preaching the revival of class slavery?

                What do you care about the church? After all, your relatives consider themselves to be slaves of Allah, why are you building yourself from Pavel Korchagin?
                Go back to the roots wink
                1. Sweetheart
                  Sweetheart 5 August 2018 12: 33
                  +2
                  Quote: Flavius
                  your relatives consider themselves slaves of Allah

                  Mine? Jehovah's worshiper is better for you to keep quiet. Remembering who the traitor Flavius ​​served.
                  1. Reptiloid
                    Reptiloid 5 August 2018 14: 11
                    +2
                    Quote: The Swordsman
                    Quote: Flavius
                    your relatives consider themselves slaves of Allah

                    My?......
                    Some kind of strange conclusion ..... Some strange comments are sometimes found in some .....
                    1. Flavius
                      Flavius 6 August 2018 08: 35
                      +1
                      Quote: Reptiloid
                      Some kind of strange conclusion ..... Some strange comments are sometimes found in some .....

                      I, comrade, to the fact that the Swordsman is non-Russian, but builds himself Evpatiy Kolovrat and a guardian for the Russian people smile
                      1. Reptiloid
                        Reptiloid 7 August 2018 08: 53
                        +2
                        In any case, we should not talk about nationality, no nationality can be an insult, but about beliefs, about attitudes towards Russia.
                        Quote: Flavius
                        ... I, comrade, to the fact that the Swordsman is non-Russian, but builds himself Evpathy Kolovrat and guardian for the Russian people smile
                    2. Sweetheart
                      Sweetheart 6 August 2018 12: 15
                      +1
                      Quote: Reptiloid
                      . Some strange comments are sometimes found in some .....

                      Dmitry, most of these “quasi-virus” ones are not at all Russian physiognomies and their names are not Russian at all, as in that joke - “... your last name. Sakharov, or rather Sakharovich, more precisely, Zuckerman, well now let's talk about the serious .. "Notice, this is just a joke, but unfortunately it has a basis. Moreover, there are so many patriots of our Soviet / Russian carriers of natural surnames, but alas, they are not noticeable against the background of such" flavians "
                      Well, the second part of such dubious "Russians" .. these are those who exchanged the country for Western buns .. like, for example, Solzhenitsyn or recently gone to hell voynovich.
                      So what about all these "flavia" ... not in vain did I remind him of Flavius, who remained alive after the massacre in one fortress and went to serve the Romans ...
                      1. Flavius
                        Flavius 6 August 2018 15: 30
                        +1
                        Quote: The Swordsman
                        , most of these "quasiruses" are not Russian faces at all and their names are not Russian at all

                        Be calm, comrade, I’m completely Russian and I don’t have any side to the Zuckermans .. It’s strange to hear even from such a fiery communist as you hints at some Zuckermans, because you should not care - Zuckerman, Patrice Lumumba, or Mahmoud from your village - they are all your proletarian brothers.
                        Your fatherland is an international, and you tell me stories about Russophobia.
                        Flavius ​​I am the same as you Swordsman laughing
  6. Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 27 July 2018 16: 44
    +6
    I propose the following hypothesis. The Social Revolutionaries did not agree to follow the course of the Bolsheviks. And they started some kind of action ... absolutely not knowing what they should do. Do not forget - this was the first real revolution. The first of those that were successful. But absolutely all of its participants, having (each their own) an idea of ​​what should be the result, did not know at all how to achieve this.
    It is easy to discuss now how it was possible to act beautifully and with lightning speed - to seize it, arrest those, kill these ... The Bolsheviks had Lenin. Who listened to his comrades, and then peremptorily declared - we will do like this. And when they did everything, something really happened. So Lenin gradually became a real leader among his adherents.
    No one else had anything like it. Instead of coordinated work under the leadership of the leader, all other parties had only meeting chairmen and an endless talking room. The Socialist-Revolutionaries went to the congress? And this was the only way to get at least one number of supporters to complete at least one task. Which, perhaps, will accomplish approximately what they decided at the congress. After many hours, or even days of telling chatter.
    In general, I do not see anything strange. The Socialist-Revolutionaries rumbled stupidly until they were slammed by those who were better organized. And that’s all. As a matter of fact, this is precisely why the Bolsheviks began to carry out their project in Russia. Because they were organized by Lenin, Stalin and Trotsky. And no one else was, that's all.
  7. Royalist
    Royalist 27 July 2018 18: 30
    +1
    Quote: Vasily50
    Yeah
    The author has tried. And about the * dictatorship * of the Bolsheviks and about cruelty in suppressing the rebellion. That's just about the rebellion itself and about the rebels themselves and their goals, why so slurred? How about how they took hostages and why there were so few released hostages? Where did they go?
    By the way, and about * komuch * so, in passing. And by the way, much of what was listed by the author that was credited to the destroyed popped up either from Kolchak or from Denikin.
    It turns out that raising a rebellion and taking a good cause hostage?
    So in our memory Chechens acted like. And the rebellion was raised and RUSSIAN organized genocide and took hostages.

    The taking of hostages, and even more so their killing, is mean.
    Unfortunately, in the Civil War, sadism and meanness are commonplace. And the "color" here does not play a role. There were enough scum both here and there
  8. Royalist
    Royalist 27 July 2018 19: 00
    +2
    The author is right: there are too many oddities with the rebellion that there is a suspicion of itself: a puppeteer ordered to make A and wait for further instructions. Considering the time: July 1918, we can assume: Lev Davydovich wanted to “squeeze” Yakov Mikhailovich, and his owners, the Rothshelds, felt sorry for Sverdlov and Trotsky were not allowed to “remove” Sverdlov. In my opinion, the version is quite possible.
    P.S. From a military point of view, the actions of Colonel Perkhurov can be understood: having insignificant forces (about 2000 with 2 guns) is better not to risk it. Although on the other hand: "delaying death is like" gave the enemy the opportunity to gather strength. Here so on so
  9. Labardina Olga
    Labardina Olga 27 July 2018 21: 43
    +2
    very clever article. thanks to the author
  10. naidas
    naidas 28 July 2018 18: 20
    0
    My opinion is no provocation. The meaning of all the Socialist-Revolutionary rebellions is only a protest against the Bolsheviks, and then nothing. As an example, the Antonov rebellion: the victory of 20-30 rebels against 6 thousand red, and the inability to put an end to the Bolsheviks 50-60 thousand rebels against 11 thousand.
    Not knowing what to do by taking power doomed the Social Revolutionaries to defeat.
  11. RUSS
    RUSS 30 July 2018 10: 51
    0
    Armen Gasparyan rightly recently said that “it’s easier to believe conspiracy therapists than historians,” from which conspiracy theological pseudo-historical articles grow like mushrooms after rain!
    1. andrew42
      andrew42 16 October 2018 18: 46
      0
      This is if you do not take into account that many historians are still conspirators.
  12. Flavius
    Flavius 7 August 2018 10: 49
    +1
    Quote: Reptiloid
    In any case, we should not talk about nationality, no nationality can be an insult, but about beliefs, about attitudes towards Russia.

    Russia was built by the Russian people, which relied on certain principles and norms. They must at least be respected. I do not hait your Dalai Lama or the Supreme Mufti, I do not care - you worship the mummies of Ilyich or Dzhugashvili - this is purely your business.
    But do not dirty your little hands with historical Russia, which included your foreign ancestors in its fold. Let even by force of arms.
    The ancestors of the Swordsman were slaves of the White Tsar, and here he breeds pioneer talk about slavery. laughing Type: we are not slaves, slaves are not us.
    1. Sweetheart
      Sweetheart 7 August 2018 13: 47
      +1
      Quote: Flavius
      But do not get dirty with your little hands historical Russia,

      You only get dirty here. Nazi.
      Quote: Flavius
      The ancestors of the Swordsman were slaves of the White King,

      My ancestors flogged yours at the stable.
      1. Flavius
        Flavius 10 August 2018 10: 58
        +3
        Quote: The Swordsman
        My ancestors flogged yours at the stable.

        That is unlikely. laughing My ancestors were state peasants.
        And yours at that time probably also were not in the composition of the Republic of Ingushetia - flocks drove along the steppes and cut throats to neighbors. wink And then they began to build communism - to bring the Russian people out of slavery))