Military Review

The heroic campaign of the Taman army

87
100 years ago, in August 1918, the Soviet troops began a campaign from the Taman Peninsula through Tuapse to join the main forces of the Red Army of the North Caucasus.


General situation

3 (16) August The volunteer army under Denikin took Ekaterinodar. However, the battle for the North Caucasus has not yet been completed. The troops of the Red Commander Sorokin, retreating beyond the Kuban, stopped in the lower reaches of the Laba. A group of red troops under the command of E.I. Kovtyukh (based on the 1 Soviet Regiment, the 4 th Dnepr Infantry Regiment commanded by I. Matveyev, the 2 North Kuban Infantry Regiment and the Kuban-Black Sea Regiment and other troops on the Taman Peninsula were cut off from the main forces.

After the capture of Ekaterinodar, General Denikin did not rest his troops, and moved 5 (18) in August 1918 against the red Taman grouping of the 1 troops of the Kuban division under the command of General V.L. Pokrovsky - the right bank of the Kuban, and the detachment of Colonel A.P. Kolosovsky (1 th cavalry regiment, 1 th Kuban rifle regiment, battery - from the 1 th division, 2 armored train) - along the railway to Novorossiysk. White sought to surround the enemy.

20 August Pokrovsky after a fierce battle seized the village of Slavyanskaya, however, the Reds burned down the pontoon bridge and damaged the railway, and it took time to fix it. Red troops, fighting off, retreated in two columns - on the Trinity and Varenikovskiy crossing. Kovtyukh, having crossed over to the left bank of the Kuban, occupied the defense at Troitskaya station, in order to enable the troops from Temryuk to leave along the only remaining road - through Varenikovskaya to Novorossiysk. By the morning of 21, Pokrovsky had already fought for the possession of the railway bridge at Troitskaya, which lasted for three days.

21 August 1 th cavalry officer regiment took the station Kholmskaya and on it a train with a locomotive, which was converted into an improvised armored train. The next day, with the support of this armored train, the 1 th cavalry regiment attacked the Ilskaya station. Despite the fact that the defending Reds had great strength and a real armored train, they were knocked out from the station, and the Red armored train became a trophy of volunteers. On August 23, a detachment of Kolosovsky attacked the Krymskaya junction station, which forced Kovtyukh to hastily leave Trinity to avoid being surrounded. On August 24, plunging into echelons, the red troops moved into the Crimea, which was already under artillery shelling, and the column of Tamans barely managed to slip through before the white forces broke into it.

On the same day, Pokrovsky captured the Varenikovsky ferry and by the evening occupied Temryuk, seizing 10 guns, many shells and several hundred prisoners. At the same time, most of the troops Safonov and Baturin were able to withdraw from the city and transfer to Verkhnebakanskaya (Tunnel). There also arrived the column Kovtyukh. In addition, the station has accumulated a huge number of refugees - up to 25 thousand people with a large wagon train.

At the same time, the situation was complicated by the fact that the Reds found themselves, according to Kovtyukh, “among the raging counterrevolutionary elements. The Cossacks rebelled almost without exception. They dispersed the Soviets and publicly hanged the Communists, workers and the poor. The villages where the troops located in the Taman Division were located turned out to be the only red island in this densely saturated camp of counter-revolution. ” At first, the general mood of the Tamanians was depressed, people left their homes and families to fend for themselves, saying goodbye for an indefinite period to their homes. It was not in vain that the Tamanis were afraid: after the “liberation” of the next village, the Pokrovsky troops immediately began building the gallows, hanging and mocking people. However, Kovtyukh, having overcome defeatist sentiments, managed to bring order to the troops, and began a systematic movement to unite with the main forces of the forces of the North Caucasus, making his way "through the bubbling sea of ​​rebel Cossack nests." The route was as follows: first along the coast south to Tuapse, and from there through the mountains to Armavir to connect with the main forces of the Red Army in the Caucasus.

The heroic campaign of the Taman army

Soviet commander Epifan Iovich Kovtyukh

Retreat through Novorossiysk

On August 25, at a meeting of the command personnel, it was decided to form two more columns, uniting small units around the Kuban-Black Sea (commander I.Ya. Safonov, then Lisunov) and 4-th Dnieper (commander I.I. Matveyev) regiments. The commander of the 2 column was Safonov, and the 3 column was Matveyev. There were very few ammunition - only 5 — 10 cartridges per person, no shells for cannons at all.

On the night of August 26, the 1st convoy plunged into echelons and headed for Novorossiysk. On August 26, the Reds went to the city, which had previously been occupied by German-Turkish landing. Not daring to join the battle - there were more Red Army soldiers than Turks and Germans, the interventionists loaded onto the ships and started firing at the Reds with naval artillery. Meanwhile, the rearguards of the Reds attacked the whites, firing them with guns and machine guns. The Reds had to retreat south. The Taman group included workers of Novorossiysk and sailors of the Black Sea ships sunk in June 1918 fleet. The Germans and Turks fired on the whites. A strong skirmish ensued between them, allowing the Reds to retreat to a decent distance from the city. As a result, the Germans and Turks left Novorossiysk and went to Sevastopol.

Volunteer army units entered Novorossiysk and inflicted cruel reprisals on Bolshevik supporters who were not touched by the Turks and Germans: workers of cement factories were shot right at the factory, hiding sailors whom they especially hated all over the city, and exterminated them on the spot. “An artillery scorched with gunpowder on the arm, or a denunciation of some respectable man in the street about the sympathy of one or another person to Bolshevism, served as a reason enough for the execution. Despite the ban of the commander of the Volunteer Army, Anton Denikin, to mock the captured Red Army soldiers, the Cossacks killed almost all of the wounded Red Army soldiers who remained in Novorossiysk. The Bolshevik newspaper Pravda 15 of October 1918 of the year reported that whites in total destroyed Novorossiysk to 12 thousand people. It is clear that the figure is too high for reasons of propaganda, but no doubt that the repression was carried out on a large scale. Later, the whites shot the “red”, robbed and carried out various kinds of violence all over the territory of the Black Sea province, which was one of the reasons for the emergence of a mass rebel movement against whites. This fact was forced to admit in his memoirs and General Denikin.



The defeat of Georgian troops in the area of ​​Tuapse

When approaching Gelendzhik and Arkhipo-Osipovka, the retreating Reds stumbled upon the Georgian troops, who by that time had occupied not only Abkhazia, but also most of the Kuban coast of the Black Sea. Georgian troops based in Tuapse occupied the Black Sea coast to Gelendzhik. According to Kovtyukh, there was a whole division of 4 infantry regiments, one cavalry regiment and 1 artillery brigade with 16 guns (apparently, exaggerating enemy forces) on the coast. Tamans easily knocked down the first weak Georgian barrier (250 people) and entered Gelendzhik that night.

On August 27, at a meeting in Gelendzhik, it was decided to unite all Taman detachments into the Taman army, the commander of which was elected sailor I.I. Matveyev, and the chief of staff of the army, G.N. Baturin, who enjoyed great popularity and prestige among the fighters. The number of Taman army was about 27 thousand bayonets, 3500 sabers and 15 guns of various calibers. The forces of the Tamans were divided into three columns, and the first column under the personal command of Kovtyukh, numbering 12 thousands of bayonets, 680 sabers and 2 guns, mainly participated in the battles. The troops of Kovtyukh maintained high combat effectiveness during the entire time of the march. The second and third columns of the Taman army covered up from the attack of the white from the rear a huge train and a crowd of refugees moving with the army, therefore they were far behind the advanced forces of Kovtyukh. According to Baturin, “the carts that followed the units were innumerable.” Because of the refugees, the red parts were burdened with all sorts of household goods and livestock. The commanders were forced to focus not only on solving a direct combat task — connecting with Sorokin, but also on feeding the refugees and saving them from reprisals from the White Guards. The Tamans lacked food, ammunition and shells, which they had to obtain in battle. Most Tamanis also did not have normal uniforms.

Continuing the offensive, the Tamanians overturned the Georgian battalion near the village of Pshad, and on August 28 approached Arkhipo-Osipovka, where they stumbled upon more serious resistance. A regiment of infantry arrived at the Georgians by sea from Tuapse (about 2 thousand people). The advancing Reds were met with strong fire from Georgian soldiers and came under fire from the sea and coastal batteries. But this enemy turned out to be weaker than the Germans and the whites: in a fierce battle, the Georgians were overturned and mostly destroyed and scattered. In this battle, the decisive role was played by the attack of cavalry (up to 500 people) with carts. The cavalry broke through on the only road to the enemy's rear, which predetermined the defeat of the Georgians.

29 August in the evening, the 1-column took Novo-Mikhailovskaya, having met only a little resistance. By this time, the ammunition was almost over. Only some fighters had a cartridge for 2 — 3. And 2-I and 3-I columns with a huge number of refugees behind almost two transitions. On August 31, the Tamans fought with Georgian troops already in the Tuapse area. Georgians entrenched on the Mikhailovsky Pass, in 4 – 5 km north-west of the city and their artillery swept all the surroundings. It was possible to attack the pass only along a single path, which was a narrow gorge, along which the highway stretched. A frontal attack could not lead to victory, since the pass was too high, and Georgian artillery was sweeping through all the environs, while the Tamanis had only one cannon with 16 shells. Kovtyukh, using local guides, decided to go around the enemy. During the night the cavalry was to bypass the pass and reach the eastern outskirts of Tuapse by dawn, break into the city and capture the division headquarters located there. One infantry regiment was to descend along the steep, rocky coast to the sea at nightfall, and, moving over the rocks, by dawn, reach the Tuapse bay, attack it and seize the steamboats. With the other three regiments, Kovtyukh decided at night to attack the pass in the forehead, distracting the enemy. Passing through a dense forest, they emerged to an almost sheer climb, 8 – 10 meters in height, pushing each other and sticking bayonets into the cracks of rocks, gradually climbing up and accumulating in front of the enemy in the trenches.

At dawn, the infantry regiments rushed to the bayonet in a bayonet attack, since there were no cartridges, and the units, bypassed, attacked the city and the bay. The Georgians, who did not expect attacks from the rear, panicked and ran partly into the bay, partly into the city, bumping into the Reds everywhere. The Georgian division was completely destroyed. During the battle, both sides lost several hundred soldiers. Thus, the red troops managed to smash the infantry division of the army of the Georgian Democratic Republic, which occupied the city, and capture large trophies - 16 guns, 10 machine guns, 6000 shells and 800 thousand cartridges. Georgians for the most part did not render any serious resistance. Now the reds had ammunition, only food was still deficient (Georgians in Tuapse also needed supplies). The successful battle for Tuapse played a decisive role in the Taman campaign.

It is worth noting that both the whites and the Georgians underestimated the enemy. The Whites hoped that, having reached Tuapse, occupied by Georgian troops, the Taman army would surrender or dissipate. Denikin had misconceptions about the numbers of the Reds (he believed that there were only 10 in thousands), and their fighting spirit. White and Georgians thought that a disorganized armed crowd was running along the sea, which could be easily dispersed and captivated. With regard to the 2 and 3 columns with a crowd of refugees, this was true. But the Reds had a battle core - the Kovtyukh detachment, which paved the way for salvation. Therefore, when confronted for the first time with a serious opponent, the Georgian commander GI Mazniyev was completely taken aback, and, despite the advantage in armament and an excellent defensive position, he was utterly defeated.


The heroic campaign of the Taman army in 1918 year. Hood A. Kokorin

Connection with Sorokin

They did not go further south and occupy Sochi. 2 September The 1-th column stepped out of Tuapse through the spurs of the Main Caucasian Range along the Armavir-Tuapse railroad line to the village of Khadyzhenskaya, followed by parts of the 2-th column. 3-I column was in Tuapse until 7 September.

Denikin ordered Kolosovsky to pursue the Tamans along the coast and relocated the Pokrovsky division, which stopped north of Novorossiysk, on the left bank of the Kuban to the Maykop district in order to cut the Tuapse line. Pokrovsky, having traveled about 200 kilometers, 8 of September occupied the Belorechenskaya station and, continuing the pursuit of the Maikop Reds retreating to the east, by the evening occupied Maykop and the Giaginskaya station. In this area, he was joined by two Kuban teams of the detachment - Colonel Morozov, General Geiman, who had risen in the uprising in the area of ​​Maikop. The first to meet the Reds at Khadyzhensk Pass was a separate Equestrian Division of the 1 Division, led by troop commander Rastegaev. At first they stopped the Reds, but then retreated under the pressure of the superior forces of the enemy. The Tamanis rejected the Cossacks and pursued them to the village of Pshekhskaya, where Pokrovsky prepared a stronger defensive position. On the night of September 11, the Tamans attacked her. As a result of the night battle near the village of Pshekhskaya, the advanced units of Pokrovsky were defeated by Kovtyukh and thrown back to Belorechenskaya, losing 4 guns and 16 machine guns.

Pokrovsky September 11 received reinforcements from Maikop from General Geiman and fortified itself in the Belorechenskaya area, on the right bank of the Belaya River, in the area from the mouth of Pshekhi to the village of Khanskaya. Here his troops dug trenches and hiding behind Belaya, they hoped to detain the enemy. The Tamans forced the river and 12 stormed into Belorechenskaya, where they entrenched themselves, awaiting the approach of 2 and 3 columns. Thus, the ten-day bloody battle of Denikin began with the Tamans. The White Guards were fierce attacks, trying to defeat the 1-th column and return Belorechenskaya. Denikin sent a detachment of Colonel Moller to help Pokrovsky from the reserve. The reinforcement approached the Belorechensk 14 of September and it was clearly not enough. After the approach of the advanced parts of Matveyev, the Reds received a large numerical advantage. In the end, White retreated, “leaving trophies on his trail: machine guns, wooden rattles and an armored train consisting of an antediluvial locomotive and a broken platform, with a gun on it, with five“ wooden shells, ”recalled M. Nazarkin from Taman. Crushing the white barriers, on the evening of September 15, the 1-I column reached Giaginskaya. On the morning of September 16, occupying the Giaginskaya, the 1-I column marched north to Dondukovskaya, where the 17s of the Tamans joined the forces of Sorokin.

Thus, after a difficult march, the Taman army, having shown great stamina, having fought 500 kilometers, managed to escape from a hostile environment, and joined up with the main forces of the Red Army of the North Caucasus under the command of Sorokin. The Tamans brought their high fighting spirit, energy and the ability to stubborn resistance to the demoralized Red troops. Thus, the Taman campaign objectively helped consolidate the red forces in the North Caucasus and allowed for some time to stabilize the situation on this front. September 23. The North Caucasian Red Army launched an offensive on a broad front. The 1 th column of the Taman army moved on Armavir, captured by the whites, and on September 26 liberated it.

In Soviet literature, the Taman campaign was often compared to the Ice campaign of the Volunteer Army. There really is something in common: the heroism and resilience of Tamanis, active and successful actions in a catastrophic situation. But the difference is that the death of the Volunteer Army, if it took place during the Ice Campaign, led to the defeat of the White movement in southern Russia, and there were no other significant counter-revolutionary forces in the region. The death of the Taman army had no strategic significance: it was a major combat loss for the Red Army, but not critical, the Reds still had serious forces in the North Caucasus.


The campaign of the Taman army in 1918 year (Central Museum of the Armed Forces of the USSR). G. K. Savitsky
Author:
Articles from this series:
Smoot. 1918 year
How to create a volunteer army
How the battle for the Don began
"Your talk is not needed by the working people. The guard is tired!"
100 years of the Workers 'and Peasants' Red Army and Navy
Who incited the Civil War
White fought for the interests of the West
Anti-Russian and anti-state white project
How "Ukrainian Chimera" incited the Civil War
How to create Ukraine and the "Ukrainian people"
How the red took Kiev
Victory of the Red Army on the Don
Bloody Battle of the Ice Campaign
How Kornilov stormed Ekaterinodar
Destined to die? Died with honor!
People against power
How Drozdovtsy broke through on the Don
How drozdovtsy stormed Rostov
Don Republic Ataman Krasnov
West helped the Bolsheviks?
Why did the West support both red and white?
Why do Czechoslovak murderers and looters erect monuments in Russia
Second Kuban campaign
Eastern Front Education
Why did they kill the Russian tsar?
Rise of the Left Social Revolutionaries and its weirdness
How white occupied the capital of Kuban
Bloody battle for Yekaterinodar
Kappelevtsy take Kazan
"For the Soviets without the Bolsheviks"
The landing of the British in Arkhangelsk. Formation of the Northern Front
87 comments
Ad

Subscribe to our Telegram channel, regularly additional information about the special operation in Ukraine, a large amount of information, videos, something that does not fall on the site: https://t.me/topwar_official

Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must sign in.
  1. The comment was deleted.
  2. svp67
    svp67 29 August 2018 07: 31
    +9
    "Iron Stream" ... Serafimovich. You can learn a lot of interesting things.
    1. rocket757
      rocket757 29 August 2018 08: 54
      +2
      Classic. You need to know history .... Schaub is proud of his ancestors or not to make previous mistakes.
      And in fact it is important, and will save you from the old "rake"! However, we ourselves find new ones successfully!
      1. parma
        parma 29 August 2018 09: 46
        +4
        Quote: rocket757
        Classic. You need to know history .... Schaub is proud of his ancestors or not to make previous mistakes.
        And in fact it is important, and will save you from the old "rake"! However, we ourselves find new ones successfully!

        Maybe I'm certainly not right, but there is nothing to be proud of, like any page of the civil war ... There is no reason for pride or joy in the murder of their fellow citizens, relatives and relatives ... This should be a page of sorrow ...
        1. rocket757
          rocket757 29 August 2018 10: 59
          +4
          These are the facts, the civil is not something unique, it was not only we who went through it .... from who we consider ourselves to be the heirs of the winners or the losers, the assessment of events is taking shape.
          Correct, no, that’s the point. In fact, the Bolsheviks did not have outside support, only internal resources and WIN! This determines such an assessment that the case was TRUE, RIGHT! Their opponents had serious support OUTSIDE and lost, this also indicates concrete conclusions!
          I am a descendant of the winners, in all respects. I do not like fratricide and much that followed in the process of transforming the country, sales disgusts, but this does not diminish my attitude to my ancestors, I AM Proud and SORROW for the fallen, all without exception!
          1. RUSS
            RUSS 29 August 2018 11: 40
            -6
            About the serious support of the past from the outside you are bent.
            1. rocket757
              rocket757 29 August 2018 12: 36
              +4
              The military material supply of the whites is past, they definitely did not supply the Reds ... in the initial period of the civil one it was serious. Then, in their "crown" manner, the foreign allies threw the whites as well. such is ce la vie! Intervention!!! At least the occupation forces did not fight the whites, they had to be thrown out by the RED!
              What do you want to call it? For whom, against whom were the Entente countries?
            2. Looking for
              Looking for 29 August 2018 19: 13
              0
              Go to school. There is a word "outside".
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 29 August 2018 21: 04
                -2
                Besides history, learn grammar as well! It must be difficult. However, haste and hope for hints from a computer "kills" literacy, there will be unpleasant consequences for memory.
          2. Mikhail Matyugin
            Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 13: 24
            -6
            Quote: rocket757
            In fact, the Bolsheviks did not have outside support, only internal resources and WIN!

            Your lies. Their support was enormous. In essence, the Bolshevik Party is a classic scheme of the "color" revolution, launched to destroy the Russian Empire.
            1. rocket757
              rocket757 29 August 2018 13: 59
              +1
              Prove it!
              About the sealed wagon and gold bags do not need .... about paid revolutionaries and all that jazz, the identity is not worth it, they didn’t come up with anything new.
              Only about the civil issue is, i.e. fratricidal war, who won and lost how and how.
              1. Mikhail Matyugin
                Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 16: 57
                +1
                Quote: rocket757
                About the sealed wagon and gold bags do not need .... about paid revolutionaries and all that jazz, the identity is not worth it, they didn’t come up with anything new.

                Indeed, they didn’t come up with anything new, all the old mechanisms known since 1905 and from 1917.
                1. Hantengri
                  Hantengri 29 August 2018 18: 52
                  +3
                  Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
                  Your lies. Their support was enormous. In essence, the Bolshevik Party is a classic scheme of the "color" revolution, launched to destroy the Russian Empire.

                  Have you read Starikov?
                  Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
                  Indeed, they didn’t come up with anything new, all the old mechanisms known since 1905 and from 1917.

                  Definitely read! Straight thoughts "Guru", one, into one! laughing I'll have to repeat my yesterday's "essay":
                  You would be more careful with his "historical" research. A citizen, to put it mildly, is very loose about historical facts. And, roughly speaking, in an impudent way, is engaged in their rigging, extrapolating the modern "Englishwoman shits" to (conditionally) "The Englishwoman shit on Russian trilobites in the Paleozoic.
                  Not to be unfounded:
                  Klim Zhukov "Starikovskaya Story" http://red-sovet.su/post/29476/starikovskaya-istoriya
                  Petr Balaev "Anti-Old Men. Why history is still a science" https://bookz.ru/authors/petr-balaev/anti-sta_794/1-anti-sta_794.html
                2. rocket757
                  rocket757 29 August 2018 21: 10
                  +4
                  Mikhail Matyugin (Mikhail)
                  Indeed, they didn’t come up with anything new, all the old mechanisms known since 1905 and from 1917.

                  Those. a bunch of lies and blah blah blah, cover up untenable statements and fantasies?
                  So it’s for nonsense, but we have taught history well and will rely only on objective data and evidence.
                  FACTS on the table! Your thank you .... we are not interested.
                  1. Reptiloid
                    Reptiloid 29 August 2018 22: 56
                    +5
                    Quote: rocket757
                    Those. a bunch of lies and blah blah blah, cover up untenable statements and fantasies?
                    So it’s for nonsense, but we have taught history well and will rely only on objective data and evidence.
                    FACTS on the table! Your thank you .... we are not interested.

                    SO, there was no message from Mikhail about how the White Guards repented and repented. One allegation of their repentance ---- is not considered. I expect with interest.
                    In 2009, the UN Parliamentary Assembly adopted a resolution on a united Europe. Stalinism and Nazism were equated. 48 such organizations, for example, among them:
                    Institute for the Study of Communist Crimes, Romania
                    Institute for Information on the Crimes of Communism, Sweden .....
                    In 2011, a Warsaw declaration was issued to support the victims of totalitarianism.
                    A base is being created for Nuremberg 2 --- de-Stalinization. Fedotov, with the advice of the president, began to take measures to create a memorial of sorrow
                    To the 300 million monument from state funds, as Karaganov, a member of the Human Rights Council, said that it was the duty of the person on behalf of whom it was destroyed. This was a response to the Immortal Regiment
                    This is a verdict of the West to the People-Victor of Fascism, who saved the world, imposing guilt and humiliation of the entire Russian people, the desire to reformat and reduce forever to a humiliated position. Bring to political suicide.
                    The desire to receive compensation from the Russian Federation for all petty and insignificant, through imposed repentance and acceptance of guilt in the entire history of the country. That's what!
                    1. rocket757
                      rocket757 30 August 2018 09: 45
                      +5
                      You can’t turn off the Internet, in principle, you won’t filter out all the rubbish ..... you need to teach the younger generation in school and in the family! Children are our future, the support of parents and the State!
                      And such disgusting things are going on, that where it is necessary to teach, there is complete fooling of our children, to a large extent! The powers that be, those holding, do not need a spiritually developed, intelligent person! They need a stupid, submissive flock .... do it count everything! True, the Bolshevik-Communists and the education was good, full-fledged, and therefore a lot of thinking people turned out, and not just cogs in a large state machine.
                      Who could. wanted, received full knowledge.
            2. The comment was deleted.
        2. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 29 August 2018 11: 20
          +7
          Quote: parma
          ...... In the murder of their fellow citizens, relatives and relatives there is generally no reason for pride or joy ... This should be a page of sorrow ...
          Yes Yes! And then repentance ?! So what? For one to repent, for another ..... Something the White Guards do not grieve and do not repent! As, however, not a single state repents.
          As written below ---- the Bolsheviks did not have outside support! At the same time, they created the greatest state, the merits of which haunt the enemies of the USSR 30 years after its destruction.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 29 August 2018 11: 27
            +1
            You must not forget, reconciliation is necessary! For the sake of the people, for the well-being of the country.
            1. Koshnitsa
              Koshnitsa 29 August 2018 17: 42
              0
              who with whom? Khe khe. Life has put everything in its place.
              Whites until the end of their days were confident in their innocence, but the red howled and bit their elbows of their choice, that we foolish young boules ...
              Vaughn Kovtyukh, teeth were knocked out during interrogation, cried, wrote tearful babies to Stalin.
              1. Looking for
                Looking for 29 August 2018 19: 15
                +2
                Attended interrogations? Balabol!
                1. Koshnitsa
                  Koshnitsa 29 August 2018 19: 40
                  -2
                  Malyavs are published, by the way, such as I, that neither for sho nor my God.
                  Late, crest!
                2. rocket757
                  rocket757 29 August 2018 21: 24
                  +1
                  My respect Alexander soldier
                  I noticed that in the previous historical period we had a breed homo vulgaris-perestroika, imperfection in all respects. Is it worth it to waste time and nerves. The defect is unrecoverable.
                  All the best and Peace to your Home.
              2. Sugar Honeyovich
                Sugar Honeyovich 31 August 2018 03: 37
                +2
                Quote: Koshnitsa
                Whites until the end of their days were confident that they were right

                Nothing like this. In 1919-20. en masse went over to the side of the Reds ("The people are for them, not for us!", "To go with complete selflessness ... to the Red Army and serve there not for fear, but for conscience, in order ... to defend at all costs Russia has become dear to us ")
                In emigration, the "Change of landmarks" immediately unfolded, and after 1945 the idea of ​​"The Kuban campaign continues" somehow quietly deflated by itself ...
          2. Mikhail Matyugin
            Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 13: 25
            -3
            Quote: Reptiloid
            Something the White Guards do not grieve and do not repent!

            As believing Christians, it was the White Guards who always mourned and repented in the civil war in which the Russians killed the Russians ... The Bolsheviks, who were also atheists and anti-Christians, only triumphed throughout their stay in power ...
            1. rocket757
              rocket757 29 August 2018 14: 03
              0
              But do not confuse \ interfere in one heap the party, ideological mass with the common people.
              My ancestors kept the memory of the fallen in that war, ALL of the Fallen and put candles!
              And the country was built ALL TOGETHER.
              1. Mikhail Matyugin
                Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 14: 08
                -4
                Quote: rocket757
                ALL Fallen and set candles!

                No need to fantasize. Where did they put it? in torn churches, destroyed almost 90%, and which even in the 25 years of modern Russia have not restored all (and many have nothing to restore from)?

                Or did they risk their careers when they already "took a pencil" for entering an Orthodox church, and the priest was obliged to notify the authorities about the visit of this or that person and about his use of the Holy Sacraments? So don't lie ...

                Quote: rocket757

                And the country was built ALL TOGETHER.
                Unfortunately, the USSR and even the Russian Federation are not the same Spain, where there was a purposeful policy of reconciliation; the followers of the White Cause were simply for the most part physically destroyed or expelled from their homeland ...

                Of my four great-grandfathers on my father’s side, I personally only survived after the terror of the Civil War period, and even then they tortured him in the era of terror 30x ...
                1. rocket757
                  rocket757 29 August 2018 14: 32
                  +3
                  The Bolsheviks are atheists, conditionally, because they tried to replace one faith with their own, very aggressively, I do not dispute, these are the facts.
                  All the churches remained, not many, but they were, and after the Second World War no one ruined them, though not all were returned, that's a fact.
                  Faith in people has been and is, this can not be quickly etched, not replaced. Nobody forced me, despite the fact that the family is military, ALL the children are baptized, because there are GRANDMAS, whose parents respected their faith .... by the way, I am an atheist materialist, but I never touch the faith of others if it does not contradict concepts humanity and laws.
                  Maybe you’re just out of luck, who offended. It happens.
                  1. Mikhail Matyugin
                    Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 14: 42
                    -3
                    Quote: rocket757
                    All the churches remained, not many, but they were, and after the Second World War no one ruined them, though not all were returned, that's a fact.

                    Apparently, well, you have not heard at all about the new wave of post-Stalinist persecution of the Orthodox Church (and of other traditional religions as well) - in the era of Khrushchev, who promised to "show the last priest" ... When there was a new wave of closing churches and repressions against the clergy, again after some relief during the Second World War ...

                    Quote: rocket757
                    Faith in people has been and is, this can not be quickly etched, not replaced.
                    This is how the Bolsheviks corroded them with repressions (by exterminating the actual cultic bearers of the ideas of Orthodoxy) and aggressive atheist propaganda, you cannot get away from these facts, to which you yourself and testify, since you declared yourself as an atheist. Moreover, it is precisely the fruits of the "de-Christianization" of society that not only modern Russia, but the late USSR, has reaped. It was destroyed by those whose grandfathers blew up churches and shot priests ...

                    And we are talking about the presence (Spain) or absence (USSR) of a targeted policy of social reconciliation after the Civil War.
                    1. Reptiloid
                      Reptiloid 29 August 2018 15: 36
                      +2
                      About the persecution of the Church. I know that under Khrushchev there was persecution of both Orthodoxy and Buddhism. (The Museum cited data that this wave was stronger than immediately after the victory of the Bolsheviks) Many values ​​were seized and where they went ---- is unknown . Datsans (Buddhist temples) are closed. Llamas (priests) were imprisoned. Some of them died there. Such were precisely the actions of Khrushchev. Perhaps other religions applied similarly at that time. But ---- did not read.
                      The phrase that the USSR was destroyed precisely by those whose grandfathers blew up ....---- this is also a generalization, an attempt at collective guilt.
                      The guilt for the destruction of the USSR --- must also be individual and determined specifically.
                      And the archives ---- are not open.
                      1. Mikhail Matyugin
                        Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 17: 03
                        -4
                        Quote: Reptiloid
                        Such were precisely the actions of Khrushchev. Perhaps other religions applied similarly at that time.

                        Yes to all traditional religions. It was another wave of persecution, just against the backdrop of terrible in scale earlier it was not so noticed.

                        Quote: Reptiloid
                        The phrase that the USSR was destroyed precisely by those whose grandfathers blew up ....---- this is also a generalization, an attempt at collective guilt.
                        The fact is that God (as His Revelation testifies) not only punishes for personal guilt (sometimes very hard, up to the third and up to the seventh generation "for the sins of their fathers"), but also for collective guilt of some kind, of a separate tribe or a whole people. This is serious.

                        Therefore, the USSR, as a godless state in its essence, was simply doomed. It was necessary to radically change the ideology. And really collectively repent for the collective crime of the atheism.

                        The Bolsheviks, if they really wanted to build a strong and durable state, they just had to know history better ... The number 74 years of Soviet power is all the more mystically interesting - almost the number of the biblical "Babylonian captivity" ...
                2. Reptiloid
                  Reptiloid 29 August 2018 23: 06
                  +1
                  ///: No need to fantasize .... ///. For some reason, no one wrote, Mikhail, that your words ----- fantasies ... Probably polite and cultured people in opponents. Somehow. ...
            2. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 29 August 2018 15: 19
              +5
              You see, Michael, in my opinion, do not mix religious and secular concepts ---- after all, repentance, this manifestation is religious and individual. If you can, please tell us exactly how the White Guards mourned and repented of those killed and tortured by them.
              There can be no collective guilt, nor can collective repentance. Before God, everyone is responsible for himself.
              The desire to impose collective blame on both Russia and the USSR is a Western project for the destruction of Russia, no matter how it is called.
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 29 August 2018 16: 00
                +5
                Compare the periods before and after the Second World War .... such as it was before, has never happened before. That all the leaders of the USSR did not like the church, it is clear that they had to instill their faith, and it used to burst at the seams and kept on the same adherents of the new religion. Nothing new in the history of mankind, we can think of Christians as angels with wings, yeah, shaz-zz believe it.
                The fact that the Soviet Union collapsed, because they were atheists, too, right now, I believe, the country was ruined / plundered by greedy goons, without faith, without a party, without .... in short, there was nothing human left in them.
                So I see it, period.
                1. Reptiloid
                  Reptiloid 29 August 2018 16: 27
                  +2
                  It is precisely that "greedy goons without faith, without a party" destroyed the USSR.
                  And who began to destroy RI, overthrowing the autocracy by Western order? February bourgeois revolution and the provisional government who created? The Bolsheviks-atheists were not even close. Who were they?
                  And Denikin in his first volume wrote about the weakening of faith in the troops during WWI.
                  1. Mikhail Matyugin
                    Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 17: 15
                    0
                    Quote: Reptiloid
                    And who began to destroy RI, overthrowing the autocracy by Western order? February bourgeois revolution and the provisional government who created? The Bolsheviks-atheists were not even close. Who were they?

                    Atheism and the Godless fighters then was not until the XX century? I haven’t laughed like that for a long time ...

                    Well, think about who was. And yet - the tradition of atheism and the struggle against Orthodoxy, and wider than Christianity, has extremely deep roots. It counts thousands of years, if that. Consider, among other things, the connection of the Late Antique pagan groups forced to go underground after the decrees of Constantine I and Theodosius II, and the traditions of modern Freemasonry. Or do not believe in its presence? Oh well...
                    1. Reptiloid
                      Reptiloid 29 August 2018 17: 49
                      +3
                      Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
                      Quote: Reptiloid
                      And who began to destroy RI, overthrowing the autocracy by Western order? February bourgeois revolution and the provisional government who created? The Bolsheviks-atheists were not even close. Who were they?

                      Atheism and the Godless fighters then was not until the XX century? I haven’t laughed like that for a long time ...

                      Well, think about who was. And yet - the tradition of atheism and the struggle against Orthodoxy, and wider than Christianity, has extremely deep roots. It counts thousands of years, if that. Consider, among other things, the connection of the Late Antique pagan groups forced to go underground after the decrees of Constantine I and Theodosius II, and the traditions of modern Freemasonry. Or do not believe in its presence? Oh well...

                      So what's the problem? If similar phenomena were ALWAYS! But the Bolsheviks are to blame for everything ... You can read and Denikin --- that he writes on the subject about the tsarist army there! I have only read the first volume so far.
                      By the way, the entire interim government ... consisted of masons! And Masonic symbols in St. Petersburg --- do not count !!! And she appeared there long before the Bolsheviks
                2. Mikhail Matyugin
                  Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 17: 11
                  0
                  Quote: rocket757
                  what’s new in the history of mankind, we can think of Christians as angels with wings, yeah, shaz-zz believe it.
                  I'm not going to convince you of anything. Everyone chooses for himself how the song is sung ... You may not believe in God. Do you remember how Woland asked one person on a bench on Chistye Prudy, and you don’t believe a damn thing too? And laughed ...

                  Quote: rocket757
                  The fact that the Soviet Union collapsed, because they were atheists, too, right now, I’ll believe
                  Do you know the ascetics of Orthodoxy who ruined the USSR? But atheists-goons - yes a bunch.
                  1. Golovan Jack
                    Golovan Jack 29 August 2018 17: 18
                    -1
                    Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
                    Do you know the ascetics of Orthodoxy who ruined the USSR?

                    Eh ... I don't remember a single "devotee of Orthodoxy" who was at least a member of the Guiding and Guiding ... not to mention the members of her Central Committee.

                    Some kind of nonsense you are now frozen, IMHO.
                    1. The comment was deleted.
                    2. rocket757
                      rocket757 29 August 2018 22: 34
                      +2
                      What is not in our dispute? Consent. probably this sad.
                      What do we want to understand? Do we want to figure it out?
                      Anyway, either Faith or Knowledge .... contradicts one another, so such a dispute does not have a logical conclusion.
                      It is necessary to stop, everyone still remains with him! Let’s say in a friendly manner - But still, she turns and part with the World! -
                      1. Mikhail Matyugin
                        Mikhail Matyugin 31 August 2018 02: 00
                        -1
                        Quote: rocket757
                        Anyway, either Faith or Knowledge ....

                        It's funny, but for most scientists, literally from Newton to Mendeleev, Faith and Knowledge did not contradict each other, but were perfectly combined.
  3. Lieutenant Teterin
    Lieutenant Teterin 29 August 2018 08: 21
    +1
    The article is interesting, but unfortunately incomplete. The author, describing the repression against sailors and workers, does not mention what caused them. And the reason was the facts of the participation of the propagandized workers and sailors in the massacre of officers and inhabitants along the entire Black Sea coast.
    December 16–17 - 62 officers were shot dead in Sevastopol at the verdict of the military revolutionary tribunal on the Malakhov Kurgan. The executions were carried out on the recommendations of ship's crews. In the next few days, officers were killed without trial in the streets and private apartments, using address books and telephone directories to search. The victims of the December killings were 8 ground and 120 naval officers. The slaughter was initiated by the Sevastopol Military Revolutionary Committee, headed by Yu.P. Gaven.
    ***
    On January 15–18, more than 800 people were arrested in Yevpatoria, mostly former officers and wounded participants in the Great War who were here treated for wounds in resort and sanatorium facilities. The brutal executions were carried out by sailors on the Truvor transport and the Romania cruiser - the unfortunate were drowned alive, their ears, lips, nose, genitals were cut off and thrown into the water in this form.
    ***
    the crew of the ship "Freedom Fighter" decided to "exterminate the whole bourgeoisie in the city." After the meeting of the Black Sea Fleet teams, armed groups of sailors got off this ship to organize the massacres of former officers, businessmen, clergy, intelligentsia ... The killings these days were called "Bartholomew (Eremeev) nights". Their victims were more than 600 people.

    Before the executions, they scoffed at the doomed - they pricked them with bayonets, spat, undressed the donor, plundered, and killed the dead and wounded with stones.

    http://beloedelo.com/researches/article/?506
    Moreover, these events for the most part took place before the performance of the Volunteer Army. Therefore, the attitude of the whites towards the sailors is understandable — those who participated in such acts in any case had to wait for severe punishment. So the executions of maniacs who stained themselves to the very top with the blood of innocents can hardly be called "mockery of the population."
    1. BAI
      BAI 29 August 2018 09: 58
      +7
      Another lie and a juggling of facts.
      The far-right organizations in Russia, operating in 1905-1917, acted under the slogans of monarchism, great-power chauvinism and anti-Semitism. The first Black-Hundred organization was the Russian Assembly, created in 1900. The leaders of the Black-Hundred movement - Alexander Dubrovin, Vladimir Purishkevich, Nikolai Markov (Markov II), encouraged the creation of small-sized armed organizations to disperse rallies, demonstrations and pogroms in Jewish neighborhoods. So the monarchists created the appearance of popular support for the monarchy. Sometimes the fighting squad was called the "White Guard."

      The activities of the Black Hundreds were supported by Nicholas II. He was an honorary member of the Union of the Russian People Party, which was distinguished by extreme nationalism.

      Jewish children killed by rioters.
      Naturally (if we recall that there were many Jews in the ranks of the Bolsheviks) acts of revenge followed.
      further - on the rise, to the Civil.
      Travel diary A.A. Euler (publ. Magazine "Star", 2000, No:

      1), who served in the administration of the Denikin Volunteer Army:

      “I got acquainted with the district chief of the Aktobe district, Colonel Kozhin, who came to the governor from Aktyubinsk. Former gendarme officer, rude and cynically cruel man.

      2 In private conversations, he shows undoubted inclinations towards sadism, telling how subtly brutally he tormented the Bolsheviks at the front, digging them alive into the ground and inserting red-hot ramrods into their anus. The policy of the Dobarmia, not shy, scolds, considering it a "dermocracy" Original, right, the forerunners of the current sovereign patriots!


      Well, the well-known classic:
      At the beginning of the Ice Campaign, Kornilov said: “I give you an order that is very cruel: do not take prisoners! “I take responsibility for this order before God and the Russian people!” A. Suvorin, the only one who managed to publish his work “in hot pursuit” - in Rostov in 1919, writes: “The first battle of the army, organized and received its current name Volunteer, was an attack on Gukov in half of January. Releasing the officer battalion from Novocherkassk, Kornilov admonished him with the words: “Do not take these villains to me! The more terror, the more victory will be with them! ”

      N.N. Bogdanov (“Organization of the Volunteer Army and the First Kuban Campaign”) cites the testimony of a participant in the “Ice Campaign”: “Captured, after receiving information about the actions of the Bolsheviks, were shot by the commandant. The officers of the commandant detachment at the end of the campaign were very sick people, before that they were nervous. Korvin-Krukovsky had some kind of painful cruelty. The officers of the commandant’s squad had a heavy duty to shoot the Bolsheviks, but, unfortunately, I knew many cases when, under the influence of hatred of the Bolsheviks, officers took upon themselves the responsibility of voluntarily shooting the prisoners. ”


      Class hatred arose long before the Bolsheviks and the revolution - under Nicholas, he contributed to its development. And with the collapse of power, all animal instincts on both sides got aggravated and uncontrolled crawled out. It is foolish to explain the actions of one side by the actions of the other (as a child’s sandbox, who first started) without considering the history of the conflict, which goes back much further than the Civil War. This explains the victims of the February Revolution on both sides. And the Bolsheviks have nothing to do with the outbreak of this conflict.
      “Fundamentally, we never refused and cannot refuse terror. This is one of the military operations, which can be quite suitable and even necessary at a certain moment of the battle, under a certain condition of the troops and under certain conditions. But the crux of the matter lies precisely in the fact that terror is nowadays being promoted not by any means as one of the operations of the active army, which is closely connected and consistent with the entire system of struggle, but as an independent and independent means of a single attack. ...That is why we resolutely declare such a means of struggle under these circumstances untimely, inappropriate, ... disorganizing not government, but revolutionary forces ...»

      Lenin V.I. Where to start? 1901 // PSS. T. 5.P. 7
      The Bolsheviks inherited both "red" and "white" terror, the foundations of which were laid by the mediocre actions of the tsar and the Provisional Government.
      1. Flavius
        Flavius 29 August 2018 10: 17
        +1
        Quote: BAI
        The activities of the Black Hundreds were supported by Nicholas II. He was an honorary member of the Union of the Russian People Party, which was distinguished by extreme nationalism.

        And great. What do you dislike? In Russia, the owner is the Russian people, who actually created it. Our kings, unlike the subsequent usurpers, perfectly understood this fact and made a bet on whom it is necessary.
        1. BAI
          BAI 29 August 2018 12: 57
          +4
          And great. What do you dislike?

          The killing of children of any nationality I do not like. For me, this is far from perfect.
          Our kings, unlike the subsequent usurpers, perfectly understood this fact and made a bet on whom it is necessary.

          Did you stake on murderers and pogromists? Well, it is quite logical and ended up in the basement of the Ipatiev house. "On business and will be rewarded."
          PS. All the same, he made a bet on the rioters. And shot, as we see it is deservedly - one. But your statement that the king relied on the murderers and supported them - I like it, I support him.
          1. Flavius
            Flavius 29 August 2018 13: 37
            -4
            Quote: BAI
            The killing of children of any nationality I do not like. For me, this is far from perfect.

            Lenin, Stalin and other red ghouls killed children on an industrial scale. But that does not bother you. But any sneeze Nicholas 2 for you as an awl in one place.
      2. Olgovich
        Olgovich 29 August 2018 13: 12
        -2
        Quote: BAI
        At the beginning of the Ice Campaign, Kornilov said: “I give you an order that is very cruel: do not take prisoners! “I take responsibility for this order before God and the Russian people!”

        There is no such "order" anywhere.
        Quote: BAI
        A. Suvorin, the only one who managed to publish his labor "In hot pursuit" - in Rostov in 1919,

        Yes, yes, but what else did this A. Suvorin write who committed suicide:
        my method cures: all diseases - from a runny nose to trachoma, cancer and leprosy ;, without medication and expenses; without surgery and injection; without death and failure; immediately and quickly, and in many diseases, even without a doctor’s examination, according to a simple description of the disease in a letter; without the return of the disease again and with the simultaneous rejuvenation and revitalization of the whole organism; with disclosure and development new sources of natural magnetism people
        You have good "witnesses" yes
        Quote: BAI
        Jewish children killed by rioters.
        Naturally (if we recall that there were many Jews in the ranks of the Bolsheviks) acts of revenge followed.

        Chairman of the Main Council of the NRC Dubrovin spoke of the pogroms as follows:
        Pogroms are disgusting to us by their mere senselessness, not to mention the wild, aimless cruelty and unbridled vile passion. In all the pogroms, the pogroms themselves (Russians or Christians in general) are paying the price, and even the miserable half-dressed, hungry poor Jews. Rich and omnipotent Jewry, almost without exception, remains unscathed. The "Union of the Russian people" used and will use all efforts to prevent pogroms
        Quote: BAI
        В of private during conversations, he shows undoubted inclinations towards sadism, telling how subtly brutally he tortured the Bolsheviks at the front, burying them alive

        Gossiping, yes, as always.
        Quote: BAI
        Class hatred arose long before the Bolsheviks and the revolution - under Nicholas, he contributed to its development

        fool
        Quote: BAI
        And with the collapse of power, all animal instincts on both sides got aggravated and uncontrolled crawled out. It is foolish to explain the actions of one side by the actions of the other (as a child sandbox, who first started)

        This is stupid for fools, and for officers who survived the unprovoked massacre and massacre of their comrades and their families, only these events became the reason for revenge, which is natural. They themselves had not cut ANYONE before and killed with a sledgehammer in the back of the head, as incited by the Bolsheviks.
        They did not do this after the war, in contrast to the opponents who continued the terror for many decades.
      3. Mikhail Matyugin
        Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 13: 28
        -2
        Quote: BAI
        Class hatred arose long before the Bolsheviks and the revolution - under Nicholas, he contributed to its development.

        Not class. And what else do you blame Nicholas II?
        1. BAI
          BAI 29 August 2018 16: 39
          +3
          And what else do you blame Nicholas II?

          In that it gave a powerful impetus to the collapse of Russia.
          1. Mikhail Matyugin
            Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 17: 21
            -1
            Quote: BAI
            That gave a powerful impetus to the collapse of Russia

            That's how it should be turned upside down! Bravo, Bai! And the fact that many countries worked against the Republic of Ingushetia, and from the submission of which there were THREE attempts of color revolutions, the last of which was a success, is this by any chance an impulse to collapse?
        2. Hantengri
          Hantengri 29 August 2018 22: 49
          0
          Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
          And what else do you blame Nicholas II

          Nothing, naturally! What can be blamed for mediocrity, which turned out to be in a situation not for average minds? Is the God of talent missing out? So this is not the fault of mediocrity! Is not it so?
    2. RUSS
      RUSS 29 August 2018 10: 23
      -2
      Sailors atrocities in the Black Sea, so Turkey declared a note of protest to the Soviet government over the pollution of the Black Sea since a huge number of corpses of drowned and shot by Bolshevik officers, Cossacks, etc., were nailed to the Turkish coast.
      1. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 29 August 2018 20: 48
        +2
        [/ quote] Sailors atrocities in the Black Sea, so Turkey announced a note of protest to the Soviet government over the pollution of the Black Sea, since a huge number of corpses of drowned and shot by Bolshevik officers, Cossacks, etc. were nailed to the shores of Turkey. [quote]
        Can you see a scan of this note?
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 30 August 2018 08: 48
          +2
          So is there a scan of this note, or not?
  4. antivirus
    antivirus 29 August 2018 08: 26
    +4
    that the Reds found themselves, according to Kovtyukh, “among the raging counter-revolutionary elements. The Cossacks rebelled almost without exception. They dispersed the soviets and publicly hung the communists, workers and the poor.

    - innocently repressed, spoken ...
    1. Lieutenant Teterin
      Lieutenant Teterin 29 August 2018 08: 39
      -2
      Please be consistent. Cossacks didn’t just revolt, but because of the arbitrariness and violence perpetrated by representatives of the Bolsheviks.
      1. Aviator_
        Aviator_ 29 August 2018 09: 09
        +2
        And in 1905, the Cossacks did not demonstrate "arbitrariness and violence"? Here is the answer and came.
        1. Koshnitsa
          Koshnitsa 29 August 2018 20: 47
          -1
          The first time I hear, the Cossacks fought with bandits and terrorists.
    2. Olgovich
      Olgovich 29 August 2018 13: 16
      -4
      Quote: antivirus
      according to Kovtyukh

      Kovtyukh was destroyed in 1938 by the decision of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces of the USSR as a foreign traitor.
      1. Mikhail Matyugin
        Mikhail Matyugin 29 August 2018 13: 30
        -4
        Quote: Olgovich
        Kovtyukh was destroyed in 1938 by the decision of the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces of the USSR as a foreign traitor.

        Truly so! True, it triumphed and the award found a hero! The follower of the color revolution eventually recognized himself as such and was destroyed by the national forces that prevailed.
        1. Koshnitsa
          Koshnitsa 29 August 2018 17: 24
          -3
          The hero of the revolution. My neighbour. I lived on Moskovskaya Street No. 45, and he was next to Moscow No. 49, in the most beautiful mansion in the city. The entire facade of the house was laid out with wonderful shiny tiles. In this mansion the hero of the revolution, the red commander Kovtyukh, lived. I remember, often as a boy, I was lying on a red brick fence surrounding the Kovtyukh garden, and watched his children, a boy and a girl of about 6 and 8, strolling in this garden. They were dressed in velvet suits of bright red, like the banner of the revolution, in color. Apparently this their father emphasized his special devotion to the cause of communism.
          So my famous neighbor got spanked in 1938. English intelligence turned out to be more honest than the Soviet Encyclopedic Dictionary. On the twentieth anniversary of the Soviet state, on November 7, 1937, speaking at a festive dinner, Stalin said that everyone who dares to destroy our state will be exterminated "together with family, all kind." So they liquidated my famous neighbor along with his wife and children. Velvet suits of bright red, like the banner of the revolution, color did not help them. No wonder the people say: durak loves red, durak happy red. And the voice of the people is the voice of God. (WITH).
          1. Flavius
            Flavius 30 August 2018 13: 54
            +1
            Quote: Koshnitsa
            The hero of the revolution. My neighbour. I lived on Moskovskaya Street No. 45, and he was next to Moscow No. 49, in the most beautiful mansion in the city. The entire facade of the house was laid out with wonderful shiny tiles. In this mansion the hero of the revolution, the red commander Kovtyukh, lived. I remember, often as a boy, I was lying on a red brick fence surrounding the Kovtyukh garden, and watched his children, a boy and a girl of 6 and 8 years old, walking in this garden.

            Yes, you are a living story smile
            1. Koshnitsa
              Koshnitsa 30 August 2018 21: 17
              -1
              This is a quote!
          2. Alexander Greene
            Alexander Greene 30 August 2018 20: 57
            0
            Quote: Koshnitsa
            On the twentieth anniversary of the Soviet state, on November 7, 1937, speaking at a festive dinner, Stalin said that everyone who dares to destroy our state will be exterminated "together with family, all kind." So they liquidated my famous neighbor along with his wife and children.

            Did you peep in the hole too, or did you sit under the table? Actually, Stalin spoke. that the son is not responsible for the father.
            1. Koshnitsa
              Koshnitsa 30 August 2018 21: 18
              -3
              Stalin and communism promised by 1955.
              1. Alexander Greene
                Alexander Greene 31 August 2018 00: 12
                +1
                Quote: Koshnitsa
                Stalin and communism promised by 1955.

                Ltd! This is new! They invented it yourself, or where did they read it?
                1. Mikhail Matyugin
                  Mikhail Matyugin 31 August 2018 02: 05
                  -3
                  Quote: Alexander Green
                  Ltd! This is new! They invented it yourself, or where did they read it?

                  I’ll answer for Sergey - not a novelty. Just when it became clear that the construction of communism according to the Stalinist plans was delayed by the 1955 year, Khrushchev put forward the idea of ​​building socialism - first by the 1960 year, then by the 1980. However, the lie was built on a lie - and the result of all this was deplorable ...
                  1. Alexander Greene
                    Alexander Greene 31 August 2018 22: 00
                    +2
                    Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
                    I’ll answer for Sergey - not a novelty. Just when it became clear that the construction of communism according to Stalin's plans was delayed by 1955, then Khrushchev put forward the idea of ​​building socialism - first by 1960, then by 1980. However, the lie was built on lies - and the result of all this was deplorable. .

                    Ordinary nonsense, it is felt that you are a victim of the exam. Read better the work of I.V. Stalin's "Economic Problems of Socialism" - much will become clear for you.
                    1. Mikhail Matyugin
                      Mikhail Matyugin 31 August 2018 23: 55
                      -2
                      Quote: Alexander Green
                      Ordinary nonsense, it is felt that you are a victim of the exam. Read better the work of I.V. Stalin's "Economic Problems of Socialism" - much will become clear for you.

                      "Be rude, kid." In general, I do not understand those people who, not knowing either a person's age, or his education, or, for example, his field of activity or the availability of scientific degrees, try to throw mud at him, and then, if anything, not be responsible for their words ...

                      I ate in the youth of your communist literature, according to the most unbearable, that's enough. As he handed over dozens of volumes of the works of Lenin and Stalin to waste paper, even the air became cleaner ...
                      1. Reptiloid
                        Reptiloid 1 September 2018 10: 41
                        +2
                        Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
                        ..... I ate in the youth of your communist literature, according to the most incapable, enough. As he handed over dozens of volumes of the works of Lenin and Stalin to waste paper, even the air became cleaner ...
                        Yeah, in youth, it means they studied, studied, and then they denied. So, they bought, they tried .... and to waste paper? But wasn’t it hard to drag? Are there many hardcover volumes? But, I can not believe it. Being interested in books, talking with different people, including people of age, I know that s / s of Stalin always cost some money .. ..
                      2. Alexander Greene
                        Alexander Greene 2 September 2018 15: 52
                        +2
                        Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
                        Be rude, kid. "

                        Why am I rude? I just called a spade a spade.
                        The only thing I can recover is that if you are not eligible for the USE by age. then you are a victim of adjustment. And this is almost the same thing.
                      3. Reptiloid
                        Reptiloid 2 September 2018 22: 50
                        +2
                        Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
                        .... "Rude, kid." In general, I do not understand those people who, not knowing either a person's age, or his education, or, for example, his field of activity or the availability of scientific degrees, try to throw mud at him, and then, if anything, not be responsible for their words ... ..
                        What wonderful words! Absolutely everyone has long known that Alexander is one of the oldest people here on the site. And a conversation like this began one of his most frequent opponents. Yes, and a lot of things we know about Alexander. Unfortunately, from time to time completely uninformed people appear and, moreover, rude.
                        Although, it may not be necessary to know about the merits and ranks of others. And then suddenly it will be difficult to put up with it. Not everyone can accept the success of others.
          3. Alexander Greene
            Alexander Greene 2 September 2018 17: 57
            +2
            Quote: Koshnitsa
            No wonder the people say: durak loves red, durak happy red. And the voice of the people is the voice of God.

            And by chance, you did not confuse your voice with the voice of the people, and with God, too. This is not the people say so, but du-ra-ki to himself
            And the people say very differently:
            Red damsel.
            Red corner
            Red word
            Red sun.
  5. parusnik
    parusnik 29 August 2018 08: 52
    +7

    Monument of the Taman Army in Temryuk. It was inaugurated in 1958 in honor of the 40th anniversary of its creation. Funds were allocated for the construction of the monument by the Temryuk fish canning factory. Two kindergartens, the Palace of Culture, a stadium ... were built at the expense of this plant.
  6. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 29 August 2018 09: 11
    +1
    The article is good. One thing is not clear what these "trophies" are -
    [/ Quote]wooden ratchets and an armored train, consisting of antediluvian steam locomotive and a broken platform, with a gun on it, with five "wooden shells"[Quote]
  7. BAI
    BAI 29 August 2018 09: 14
    +3
    The Germans and Turks fired on the whites. A strong skirmish ensued between them

    This is perhaps the only battle between the whites and the invaders. And then, most likely, by mistake.
    1. Koshnitsa
      Koshnitsa 29 August 2018 17: 20
      0
      Not the first. The whites constantly fought with the Germans and Magyars and Jews subjects of the Central Powers.
      There were a huge number of them in the Red Army.
      1. BAI
        BAI 29 August 2018 19: 39
        +3
        Give an example. By the way, when did the Jews become interventionists?
  8. Koshnitsa
    Koshnitsa 29 August 2018 17: 52
    -4
    The death of the Taman army was not of strategic importance: these were large military losses for the Red Army, but not critical, the Reds still had serious forces in the North Caucasus. // And the Tamanians, for the most part, died when they left for Astrakhan, after the war, few returned to their former places of residence. Some became rich, became a fist, fell under the collectivization rink, the poor died of hunger, they shot the top, the war picked up.
    When monuments were erected in 1958, it turned out that only a few survived to the 40th anniversary of the events. So they vanished, winners, heh!
  9. Koshnitsa
    Koshnitsa 29 August 2018 19: 50
    0
    Quote: BAI
    Give an example.

    Magyar bayonets of Lenin. How Hungarian prisoners of war fought in the Red Army
    But it was precisely among the Hungarians that the number of supporters of Soviet power was the greatest - for example, according to the data of April 1918, the All-Russian Congress of Revolutionary Hungarian Prisoners of War represented about 100 thousand people. This is a lot to start the GW. The Red Guard in the Urals and Siberia consisted of 70% of the Magyars, 20 of the Germans and 10 of the Russians, mostly hard labor.
    Jews Massa among the same Magyars and Germans, from the famous Karl Radek, Bela Kun, Tibor Samueli and so on.
    1. Alexander Greene
      Alexander Greene 30 August 2018 21: 00
      +2
      Quote: Koshnitsa
      Magyar bayonets of Lenin. How Hungarian prisoners of war fought in the Red Army

      And you never counted how many foreigners (Czechs, Chinese and others) fought on the side of the whites, not counting the intervention.
      1. Koshnitsa
        Koshnitsa 30 August 2018 22: 07
        -1
        Copecks, moreover, the Czech RIA unit
        1. Alexander Greene
          Alexander Greene 31 August 2018 00: 16
          +1
          Quote: Koshnitsa
          Copecks, moreover, the Czech RIA unit

          Historians say the same. In addition, many Hungarians fought on the side of the whites.
          1. Flavius
            Flavius 31 August 2018 08: 59
            0
            Quote: Alexander Green
            In addition, many Hungarians fought on the side of the whites.

            The whites were the legitimate successors to the power of the historical Russian state. Therefore, Martians could have fought on their side - this is legal.
            But the Bolsheviks were rabble and usurpers.
            1. Alexander Greene
              Alexander Greene 31 August 2018 22: 08
              +1
              Quote: Flavius
              But the Bolsheviks were rabble and usurpers.

              The people have the right to revolt. The Bolsheviks only taught the people how to get rid of parasites. And the whole people followed them, and even the Martians did not help your ancestors.
              1. Flavius
                Flavius 31 August 2018 22: 26
                -1
                Quote: Alexander Green
                The people have the right to revolt

                The people - he is everywhere and everyone happens. People are also in jail. Thieves have the right to rob, and murderers to kill?
              2. Mikhail Matyugin
                Mikhail Matyugin 31 August 2018 23: 59
                -2
                Quote: Alexander Green
                The people have the right to revolt. The Bolsheviks only taught the people how to get rid of parasites.

                You do not want to tell this to modern authorities for example? Is it better to try to organize this uprising and then prove to the special services their position (if you’ll be taken alive, of course) with quotes from Marxist classics?

                Quote: Alexander Green
                And the whole people followed them, and even the Martians did not help your ancestors.
                I will be responsible for Alexander - the people simply bought into populist slogans, eventually ending up in a really revived serfdom (which had not existed in the Russian Empire by the time of the revolution for 60 years) and could not oppose anything to the terror of the international camarilla, which seized power as a result of the "colored" revolution, and the influence of which, even within the USSR, then got rid of for decades.
                1. Reptiloid
                  Reptiloid 1 September 2018 13: 11
                  +3
                  Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
                  I will be responsible for Alexander - the people simply bought into populist slogans, eventually ending up in a really revived serfdom (which had not existed in the Russian Empire by the time of the revolution for 60 years) and could not oppose anything to the terror of the international camarilla, which seized power as a result of the "colored" revolution, and the influence of which, even within the USSR, then got rid of for decades.

                  You don’t even have to think. Slightly correct and ----- everything about the nineties turns out. Another thing to add is the priority of international law.
                  Michael, I am still waiting for the specifics of the remorse of the White Guards, mentioned above. Otherwise I will consider it unfounded praise. why praise them. ??
                2. Alexander Greene
                  Alexander Greene 1 September 2018 13: 27
                  +1
                  Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
                  You do not want to tell this to modern authorities for example?

                  Do you think the authorities do not know this? They know. They also know that the truth is on the side of the oppressed, but they continue to suppress them. Therefore, no one has canceled the class struggle, it will stop when there are no classes.