Military Review

Cuirassiers of the XNUMXth century in battles and campaigns

116

"Scotland forever!" 2nd Royal Dragoon Regiment "Scottish Grays" at the Battle of Waterloo. Artist Elizabeth Butler, 1881. Leeds Art Gallery, West Yorkshire, England


Vain peaceful fun
trying to extend, laughing.
Do not get reliable fame,
until the blood was shed ...
Cross wooden il cast iron
assigned to us in the coming darkness ...
Do not promise young maiden
eternal love on earth!
Bulat Okudzhava. Cavalier's song


Military affairs at the turn of the eras. Surprisingly, not only cuirassiers were attributed to heavy cavalry in Europe, which would be understandable, given the weight of their cuirasses and helmets, but also dragoons, although they did not have any protective devices. However, it was precisely the dragoon regiments that very often differed in helmets similar to cuirassier's, or headdresses that did not look like anything at all. The latter included the "Scottish Grays" - a guards dragoon regiment, which distinguished itself in many battles, but did not receive a cuirass, which cannot be said about the Russian cavalry guards. At first they did not have cuirasses, but in the war of 1812 they did appear!

Yes, but where does this regiment have such a strange name? After all, the uniforms of his cavalrymen are by no means gray, but deep red? Well, история The regiment says that in 1678 the Royal Regiment of Scottish Dragoons was formed from two independent Scottish cavalry companies, the number of which was increased to six in 1681. And just at the ceremonial parade of 1694 in Hyde Park, this regiment drove past the observation deck on gray or white horses and ... received the name "gray Scots" stuck to it. Moreover, both this name and the color of the horses remained so unchanged until the XNUMXth century.

After the unification of England and Scotland in 1707, the regiment's official name was changed. It became known as the Royal Regiment of Northern British Dragoons, and then in 1713 Queen Anne assigned the regiment the second number on the list of the army. Moreover, when the two-cornered hats in all other dragoon regiments were replaced with brass helmets, the "Scottish grays" were given high hats made of bearskin with a white sultan. It was simply impossible to cut through such a helmet with a blow from above, although wearing such "headgear" was clearly not easy!

At the Battle of Waterloo (1815), the 2nd Dragoon Regiment was assigned to the brigade along with the 1st Royal and 6th Dragoon Regiments under the general command of Major General Sir William Ponsonby. This brigade of only 416 men was called the "Allied Brigade" because it consisted of one Scottish regiment, one British and one Irish. The Allied Brigade attacked the French infantry, and Sergeant Ewart captured the banner of the 45th Regiment; however, she went too far from the Allied positions, and suffered heavy losses as a result of a counterattack by the French cavalry, and Ponsonby was killed.

The famous British battle artist Lady Butler immortalized this attack in her famous painting "Scotland Forever!" Both military historians and art historians say that this canvas symbolizes everything that was the British equestrian elite at the time. Moreover, many French generals and marshals, despite the absence of cuirasses, considered the British dragoon cavalry the best in Europe, but ... be that as it may, the "Allied Brigade" in that attack lost more than 200 people, depriving the Duke of Wellington of a good quarter of all his cavalry.

Of course, the regiment of Scottish dragoons made a special impression with their horses. For a number of reasons, many regiments of heavy cavalry did not ride white horses in Europe so well. One reason was practical: White horses are more difficult to keep clean and take longer to care for than dark mask horses. Yes, and a set of white or gray horses would be very difficult, but it turned out that the "Scottish grays" rode horses almost the size of ponies, about 150 cm tall at the withers and no more, and there were a lot of them in Scotland and Wales.


Private Regiment of the "Scottish Grays", 1854 Fig. from the book: V. Vuksic, Z. Grbasic. Cavalry. The history of fighting elite 650BC - AD1914. L .: Cassell, 1994. P.201

In the war against Napoleon in 1806, Saxony was allied with Prussia, but after the defeat in Jena it was under French protectorate in the Rhine Confederation. Duke of Saxony Friedrich August (1750-1826), to whom Napoleon conferred the title of king and crown of the Grand Duchy of Warsaw, put 20 excellent soldiers in the service of his benefactor. In 000, the Saxon army was reorganized according to the French model, and after the introduction of universal conscription, it grew to 1810 people.

Like all other members of the Rhine Confederation, Saxony took part in Napoleon's Russian campaign in 1812. The allied cavalry also included a heavy cuirassier brigade, consisting of the Garda du Corps Guards Regiment and the von Zastrow Regiment with four squadrons each. Many experts believe that this was the best heavy cavalry brigade of the era of the Napoleonic wars. In the Battle of Borodino, the Saxons occupied the key point of the position of the Russian army - the Rayevsky battery, although they lost almost half of their 850 people.

Only 20 officers and 7 people of other ranks returned from the Russian campaign back to Saxony, and 48 prisoners of war were released later. Both regimental standards were lost, as were the famous silver regimental trumpets. During the autumn operations of 1813, the Saxon troops were still on the side of Napoleon, in contrast to the other members of the Rhine Confederation who sided with the Allies. But after the Battle of Leipzig, the Saxons also followed suit.


Private cuirassier Garde du Corps, 1812 Fig. from the book: V. Vuksic, Z. Grbasic. Cavalry. The history of fighting elite 650BC - AD1914. L .: Cassell, 1994. P.191

The name Garde du Corps, taken from the French army of Louis XIV, was first used in Saxony in 1710, when a regiment of that name was founded. After the death of Augustus II and the weakening of Saxony, it was disbanded, but as a sign of his alliance with Prussia and recognition of the Prussian Garde du Corps, Friedrich Augustus in 1804 assembled a regiment with the same name, which became the senior division in the army. The regiment's horse structure consisted of black horses of heavy German breeds, although there is evidence that the officers had gray horses. The trumpeters of the regiment used silver trumpets and wore red uniforms, although all others wore yellow. By the way, the Saxon cuirassiers did not have a cuirass! On the field of Borodin, they fought several times with Russian cuirassiers and each time suffered heavy losses. But especially fierce was the "battle in the rye", immortalized on the canvas of the panorama of Franz Roubaud.


"Battle in the Rye". Fragment of F. Roubaud's panorama "Battle of Borodino"

In the middle of the 1870th century, the uniforms of the cuirassier regiments acquired the features of an increasing theatricality. In particular, a double-headed eagle appeared on the helmets of Russian cuirassiers of an impressive size, and the helmets themselves began to be made of metal, like cuirasses. Prussian cuirassiers also had a very similar uniform. At the beginning of the Franco-Prussian War (1871-1), the Prussian army had two guards and eight line regiments on the list, and these were probably the most well-equipped and trained heavy cavalry regiments in Europe. With the exception of the Garde du Corps and the Guards Cuirassiers, the regiments were named in accordance with the traditions of the Napoleonic Wars: 2st Silesian, 3nd Pomeranian, 4rd East Prussian, 5th Westphalian, 6th West Prussian, 7th Brandenburg, 8th Magdeburg and 150th Rhine. Each regiment consisted of four squadrons of 200 men and one reserve squadron of XNUMX men.

According to the rules of the Prussian cavalry of 1860, the required height for service in cuirassiers was at least 170 cm for men and 157,5 cm at the withers for horses. For guards cuirassiers, the requirements were higher: 175 cm and 162 cm, respectively. For comparison: the minimum height of men and horses for the dragoon and uhlan units was 167 cm and 155,5 cm, and the hussars and their horses could have 162 cm and 152,5 cm.The horse of a guard cuirassier with a height of 162 cm could weigh up to 600 kg, while the hussar horse (152,5 cm in height) is about 450 kg ... Cuirassier and dragoon regiments served on horses of the Folstein, Hanover and Magdeburg breeds.


Prussian cuirassier 1871. Fig. from the book: V.Vuksic, Z. Grbasic. Cavalry. The history of fighting elite 650BC - AD1914. L .: Cassell, 1994. P.213

At the initial stage of the Battle of Mars-la-Tour on August 16, 1870, the Prussian Cavalry Brigade, consisting of the 7th Magdeburg Cuirassier Regiment and the 16th Lancers Regiment, carried out an attack by French infantry and artillery, which became known as todesńtt ("trip to death"). The French infantry threatened to attack the weak Prussian left wing at Vionville, thereby endangering a further Prussian offensive. Since the reinforcements could not arrive in time, General Alvensleben ordered General von Bredov to attack the enemy here with cavalry forces, deliberately sacrificing them to stop the enemy, before the approach of his own troops. Von Bredow threw cuirassiers Major Count von Shmetov on the left and lancers on the right at the French - about 700 horsemen in total. Under the fire of cannons and mitrailleuses, the Prussians broke through the French battle formation of the first line and destroyed the artillery pieces and the infantry protecting them. Driven by their success, they attacked the French forces behind the first line, but were met by enemy cavalry and defeated. Less than half of the brigade returned back: 104 cuirassiers and 90 lancers. But this attack until the end of the day kept the French from attacking and eliminated the danger to the left wing of the Prussians.

So in the battle of Mars la Tour, 5 French and Prussian cuirassiers clashed, and it was the greatest cavalry battle of this war!

As for Austria, following the war of 1866, Prussia forced Austria to an unfavorable peace for her in just six weeks. Things were going well for Vienna on the Italian front, but this came as little consolation for the defeat at the hands of the Prussians. But ... defeat led to an extensive reorganization of the army in 1868, the results of which were most evident in the cavalry. When the war with Prussia began, Austria had 12 cuirassier regiments, two dragoons, 14 hussars and 13 lancers. Traditionally, Austrians served in cuirassier units, Poles and Bohemians in lancers, Hungarians in hussars, one of the dragoon regiments was Italian, and the other was Bohemian.

Cuirassiers were the only type of heavy cavalry, all others were considered light, even dragoons. After the reform, the imperial Austrian and royal Hungarian armies became one single Austro-Hungarian army. All cuirassier regiments were turned into dragoons, that is, all Austro-Hungarian cavalry became light. This was a radical step compared to what the Prussians, French and Russians were doing at the same time. Weapon was standardized: for example, the M.1861 / 69 saber was used by both dragoons and hussars and lancers. Equestrian equipment also became standard, and only the Hungarian regiments retained some unique elements. In 1884, even the lance was taken away from the lancers.


Officer of the Austro-Hungarian Dragoon Regiment, 1914 Fig. from the book: V. Vuksic, Z. Grbasic. Cavalry. The history of fighting elite 650BC - AD1914. L .: Cassell, 1994. P.235

In 1909, a new gray-pike uniform (bekhtgrau) was introduced, but after the demands of the nobility, who served mainly in the cavalry, the emperor decided that the cavalry units could keep the traditional colors in the uniform. The dragoons also retained their helmet with a crest, the uhlans retained their uhlanka cap, and the hussars retained their kiver shako. The number of dragoon regiments was increased to 15, they were allowed to wear their blue uniforms, while trousers for all units were adopted in dark red (krapprot). The M.1905 helmet, modeled after the traditional 1796 helmet, was covered with a gray case. It wasn't until 1915 that the standard field gray uniform worn by the infantry became mandatory for the cavalry as well. They also took off the cavalrymen and their noticeable red trousers.

Before the outbreak of war, the Austro-Hungarian cavalry regiments were organized into divisions, each of which consisted of two brigades. They had two regiments in each division, and the regiments themselves, in turn, consisted of six squadrons. Unlike the Western Front, where the cavalry was used to a limited extent, the Austro-Hungarian cavalry on the Galician and South Polish fronts often clashed with Russian cavalry units up to a division, especially in the initial phase of the war. Although the front became relatively stable, cavalry was heavily used on both sides here, including during the Austro-Hungarian spring offensive in Galicia in 1915. Interestingly, while keeping traditional dress, the Austro-Hungarian military took an innovative approach to weapons: it was their cavalry who were first armed with automatic pistols, while the traditional weapon of their opponents' cavalry was a revolver!

To be continued ...
Author:
Articles from this series:
Cuirassiers and cuirasses of the Napoleonic wars
Cuirassiers in Russia: how it all began
Cuirassiers in battles and campaigns
Horse latniks back in service
Cuirassiers in museums
Friends and Enemies of Imperial Cuirassiers
Polish shells, Austrian hussars and Turkish fives
Enemies of the Cuirassiers
With whom the latniks of the emperor Maximilian fought?
“A small discovery in the butt of an arquebus ...”
Horsemen of the Eighty Years War
Horses and saddles of the XVI-XVII centuries
“By people and by horses, not by aer”
Ordonance companies
“It's a miracle if someone is killed with a spear”
Mounted Latniks Sunset
116 comments
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  1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 23 July 2020 06: 20 New
    10
    Thanks to Vyacheslav Olegovich!
    I can’t resist flirting "They took off the cavalrymen and their noticeable red trousers" - now it is clear from whose warehouses the red banner trousers came from in our film "Officers" !!!
    Sincerely, good day to all, Vlad!
    1. kalibr
      23 July 2020 07: 31 New
      10
      Ha! The color was different! They have a darker, "speckled". We have - bright, revolutionary!
    2. Ryazan87
      Ryazan87 23 July 2020 10: 46 New
      +8
      The cavalry of the Red Army massively used the ceremonial uniform of the cavalry of the imperial army, which had been in storage since 1914. Mentics, chakchirs, shakos, there are even mentions of using cuirasses.



      1. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 11: 25 New
        10
        Mentics, chakchirs, shakos, there are even mentions of using cuirasses.

        Yes, Nikita, thanks for the photo!
        Although shako looked pompous at the beginning of the 20th century.

        The permanent staff of the Officer Rifle School. 1913 Second from the right in the bottom row - Sergei Petrovich Khatuntsev (from the archive of the Museum of Local Lore of the city of Lomonosov). And the third from the left is General Nikolai Filatov, the head of the school's rifle range, a great inventor, a patron of small arms, and simply - a man-beard. drinks
        1. Ryazan87
          Ryazan87 23 July 2020 11: 57 New
          +8
          Even in Soviet cinema, 1984's "First Horse" was reflected (although it is absolutely fantastic, on the other hand, museum edged weapons were definitely used):
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 12: 20 New
            +7
            Even in Soviet cinema, 1984's "First Horse" was reflected (although it is absolutely fantastic, on the other hand, museum edged weapons were definitely used):

            Hmmm! belay I haven't watched this film, but in vain! Interesting! drinks
            Eldar Ryazanov wrote that when filming "The Hussar Ballad" they first wanted to try to fight with fake weapons, but it looked unnatural, so they gave out combat.
            By the way, one of the best cinematic fencers, Vladimir Balon, also starred in the "Hussar Ballad". hi
            To the author - Vyacheslav Olegovich, shouldn't you take on the hussar? wink
            1. Ryazan87
              Ryazan87 23 July 2020 13: 08 New
              +6
              During the mid-second half of the 80s, unexpectedly many films about the Civil War were shot. For example, the same 1985 "Mr. Gymnasium" showed the Kornilovites and Markovites fairly well:




              "Shores in the Fog" 1985, where Pyotr Nikolaevich Wrangel is played by the famous actor Olyalin (there is an irony in this, if we recall the film "Running"):
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 13: 17 New
                +4
                there is an irony in this, if you remember the movie "Running"

                Yeah, exactly ... what
                For example, the same 1985 "Mr. Gymnasium" showed the Kornilovites and Markovites fairly well:

                The Markov form is well shown in the attached photo of Rostotsky. drinks Moreover, the plot unfolds, as I understand it, in the south of Russia.
                In the "Admiral", in Kolchak's retinue, a certain Kornilovite, who physically could not be in Siberia, periodically flashes. Left. Well, this blooper in the movie is the smallest. request
                1. Ryazan87
                  Ryazan87 23 July 2020 13: 35 New
                  +5
                  In the "Admiral", in Kolchak's retinue, a certain Kornilovite, who physically could not be in Siberia, periodically flashes.

                  I will disappoint you, but this is not a mistake. The officer in the picture is dressed in the uniform of the admiral's personal Convoy.
                  Order for the Military Department No. 162 of 1919: "... the uniform of officers and soldiers of the Convoy must be a" sample of a marching uniform "of a khaki with the following differences: a cap - the crown is of maroon cloth, the band is black, the edges on the edges of the band and on the crown are white..."
                  In addition, in Kolchak's army there was still the 4th Ufa General Kornilov Infantry Division, then the 4th Ufa General Kornilov Infantry Regiment. They had their own Kornilovites)
                  But they were also quite real - they were near the company on the Kolchak front.
                  1. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 13: 46 New
                    +3
                    Order for the Military Department No. 162 of 1919: "... the uniform of officers and soldiers of the Convoy should be a" sample of a marching uniform "in a khaki with the following differences: a cap - a crown of maroon cloth, a black band, edging along the edges of the band and on the crown are white. .. "

                    oooooh! belay thank you, thank you! good The man behind the laughing Khabensky in a gray-red cap, it seems, also recreates the form of one of the "Siberian whites"?
                    1. Ryazan87
                      Ryazan87 23 July 2020 14: 26 New
                      +3
                      In a high hat - Lazarev Jr. depicts General Dmitry Lebedev, just quite a Kornilovist ("Sent by General Kornilov to Siberia as a representative of the Volunteer Army; with a small detachment on 03.1918 crossed the Volga to Siberia.").
                      As for the one in the gray-red cap, I would venture to suggest that someone is from the cavalry. And with one gap too.
                      In fact, uniformity in the film was very well developed, it's a pity that all this work went down the drain.
                      And, of course, it should be noted that in the Kolchak army the variety of uniforms was incredible - garrison caps, Hungarian caps, Kolchak hats (like earflaps), skulls in abundance. But, however, for the most part all this splendor was either on paper or at the rear.
                      R.S. as a curiosity - under Kolchak, OMON was created and existed quite officially).
                      1. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 14: 34 New
                        +5
                        R.S. as a curiosity - under Kolchak, OMON was created and existed quite officially).

                        there was some kind of militia in blue uniform. I read in some departmental magazine in the early 2000s. Here, I found a photo:

                        A pedestrian policeman of the Kolchak era (drawing from the archive of A. Kobelev)
                        http://staslandia.ru/syshchiki-barnaulskoy-politsii-1/article_post/syshchiki-barnaulskoy-politsii
                        And, of course, it should be noted that in the Kolchak army the variety of uniforms was incredible - garrison caps, Hungarian caps, Kolchak hats (like earflaps), skulls in abundance. But, however, for the most part all this splendor was either on paper or at the rear.

                        I think there was such a selection of different types of uniforms that even Murat's eyes would run wild if he saw. Civil War! Everyone dresses up in what they can ... request
                      2. kalibr
                        23 July 2020 15: 22 New
                        +3
                        And in the Crimea, the chaski of the Simferopol Cheka were dressed from head to toe in red ... people crossed themselves looking at them as they galloped through the streets!
                      3. Ryazan87
                        Ryazan87 23 July 2020 18: 40 New
                        +2
                        In the modern film adaptation, however, some kind of baggy belly, but you can imagine.

                      4. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 19: 58 New
                        +2
                        In the modern film adaptation, however, some kind of baggy belly, but you can imagine.

                        In the second half of the 90s in St. Petersburg a separate type of police was invented - the so-called. "policemen", which existed for two to four years. They were distinguished by a specially sewn form. They were mainly engaged in service in the center - where there are tourists. fellow
                        The wording is from Yandex Zen, but true:
                        Another curious "feature" of the Yakovlev period was the appearance in St. Petersburg of policemen - a kind of intelligent cops with knowledge of the English language. In the course of the development (or rather reanimation) of tourism, it was decided to organize a special unit within the Main Internal Affairs Directorate - in fact, just PPS-nicknames working in the city center, but so that everything is as if on selection - beautiful, tall, stately and so that "please, silvuple "and" thank you merci ". And they were given red caps to distinguish themselves.
                        The form was ... pompous, but completely impractical. Ridiculous shoulder straps + red cap! No.
      2. kalibr
        23 July 2020 13: 43 New
        +5
        About them will be in continuation of the theme: "Enemies of cuirassiers". There will be hussars too!
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 13: 47 New
          +4
          There will be hussars too!

          We are waiting! yes
          1. kalibr
            23 July 2020 15: 21 New
            +2
            The first material has already been written. There are two in front of him for moderation.
      3. Catfish
        Catfish 23 July 2020 15: 18 New
        +3
        Nikolay, hello! drinks
        Something I strongly doubt that some museum has given out to "filmmakers" exhibits from its repository. In my memory there is only one episode when Vasya Lanovoy in the role of Vronsky finished shooting his horse from our separate Adams. And then they gave him a revolver in his hands for three minutes and after the shot was immediately taken away. And so that from the funds for filming the kin, something else and massively given out - this is already from the field of unscientific fiction. smile
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 15: 59 New
          +4
          And then they gave him a revolver in his hands for three minutes and after the shot was immediately taken away.

          the pistol from the "failed duel scene" is clearly an anachronism. It is not flint, but capsule! It was noticed by our Vyacheslav Olegovich. wink
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 23 July 2020 16: 08 New
            +6
            Well, this is a vaudeville, everything is permissible there, because no one pretends to be serious. Kutuzov, with all his ranks and regalia, in reality could not hang George of the fourth degree Shurochka, the prerogative of the emperor. And as officer George with Bant, this is generally a separate song ... in vaudeville. laughing But the film is still great! good
            "- Lieutenant, to you, and stand in front of the staff command!
            - Again the headquarters, they'd send better vodka ... " drinks Classic! laughing
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 16: 38 New
              +4
              - Again the headquarters, they'd send better vodka ... "

              Yes, classic! good I also like another expression:
              - These rolls ... give to the prisoners, eh ... what
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 23 July 2020 18: 24 New
                +4
                I hope Mr. Field Marshal under the "rolls" did not mean the ass of the charming Shurochka. love
                1. Pane Kohanku
                  Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 18: 26 New
                  +3
                  I hope Mr. Field Marshal under the "rolls" did not mean the ass of the charming Shurochka.

                  at the time he was pronouncing the phrase, he was not yet familiar with Shurochka. Therefore, I could not even guess about her gender-role orientation, primary signs and behavior patterns. hi
                2. Catfish
                  Catfish 23 July 2020 18: 29 New
                  +4
                  And you underestimate the abilities of the Russian field marshals! Again it smells of Russophobia in half with trilobism ?! am
                3. Pane Kohanku
                  Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 18: 38 New
                  +3
                  And you underestimate the abilities of the Russian field marshals! Again it smells like Russophobia in half and trilobism ?!

                  Trilopopolamphobia. wassat There is a story that Bennigsen wrote lampoons to the tsar, that, they say, Mikhail Illarionovich brought with him from the Danube a wall, dressed as a Cossack, and while away the nights with her. And the tsar, it seems, reacted to this normally, and the intriguer was quietly advised to shut up. In any case, sooner or later, Leonty Leontyevich was removed from the army. And you do not swindle! stop
                4. Catfish
                  Catfish 23 July 2020 18: 48 New
                  +4
                  Yes, he is out of envy from his own inability to spend nights with a Cossack woman. laughing
      4. Ryazan87
        Ryazan87 23 July 2020 18: 54 New
        +3
        in reality, he really could not hang George of the fourth degree Shurochka, the prerogative of the emperor.

        And Kutuzov in the film awarded Shura with the Badge of Distinction of the Military Order of the 4th degree (the same "soldier Yegoriy", since 1913 St. George's Cross), and not the order itself. The frame clearly shows:

        And just Kutuzov could give such an award, tk. we look at the Highest Manifesto of 13.07.1807: "The chief commanders, according to the certificate of the chiefs, determine how many for each regiment, battalion or squadron, distinguished in battle with the enemy, to appoint these Signs, and company and squadron commanders make up a council and appoint by a majority of votes to whom just by fairness these are the Signs that follow ... "
        Inaccuracy, however, is: the insignia of the Military Order were still without degrees (appeared only in 1856).
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 23 July 2020 19: 11 New
          +4
          I know that the soldier's Georgy "by sentence" was awarded by lower ranks to his officer, but I had never heard of such a thing for the senior chief to reward the officer. And the "bow" here from which side?
          1. Ryazan87
            Ryazan87 23 July 2020 19: 26 New
            +3
            soldier Georgy "according to the sentence" was awarded by lower ranks to his officer,

            this practice existed for a very short time in 1917 - the so-called "George with a twig" was presented.

            the senior chief awarded them an officer, I had never heard of this

            there was an exception - General Miloradovich. The ensigns were awarded. Well, Shura is like a "cornet" there, unlikely, of course ... although after that they could have been awarded as a civilian. Nadezhda Durov was awarded with the soldier Georgy and the cornet was given.
            And the "bow" here from which side?

            At this point I cheated. It's a shame ((This, of course, is a cross of the 3rd or even 1st degree.
            Again, in 1812 there were simply no degrees.
  • Mihaylov
    Mihaylov 23 July 2020 14: 56 New
    +4
    The cavalry of the Red Army massively used the ceremonial uniform of the cavalry of the imperial army, which had been in storage since 1914.

    I remember the story that when the units of the Red Army entered, if I am not mistaken, in Bukhara, they found the khan's arsenal in the palace and accordingly armed themselves from it. They say the Red Army men looked luxurious with shamshirs and kilichs in pomegranates, turquoise and corals.
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 16: 01 New
      +5
      They say the Red Army men looked luxurious with shamshirs and kilichs in pomegranates, turquoise and corals.

      Sergei, our St. Petersburg publicist Ikonnikov-Galitsky wrote a similar story about the uniform of "revolutionary sailors" in revolutionary Petrograd. Swollen flares, embroidered with beads, with mother-of-pearl buttons, machine-gun belts across the body and grenades on the belt ... fellow The townsfolk were stunned by the sight of some of them! laughing
      1. Mihaylov
        Mihaylov 23 July 2020 16: 09 New
        +3
        Swollen flares, embroidered with beads, with mother-of-pearl buttons, machine-gun belts across the body and grenades on the belt ...

        You must enter the new world beautifully!
        Here is also an interesting photo of Chapaev's headquarters. Note the striped tunic on the right.
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 16: 35 New
          +4
          Note the striped tunic on the right.

          and in the center is Peter Isaev? hi A watch chain and an incomprehensible hat-shaped hat ... But a striped tunic ... Hmm! laughing good
          1. Mihaylov
            Mihaylov 23 July 2020 16: 58 New
            +3
            and in the center is Peter Isaev?

            Precisely, in the center - Peter Isaev.
            In my opinion, Furmanov and Chapaev have very noble and intelligent faces.
            And the striped tunic (unfortunately I don't know who it is) is just super!
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 17: 07 New
              +4
              And the striped tunic (unfortunately I don't know who it is) is just super!

              and possibly made from a kaftan ... what They fought in the Urals. Petka's headdress is also of an incomprehensible cut.
              1. Mihaylov
                Mihaylov 23 July 2020 17: 19 New
                +3
                made of oriental robe ...

                Or from a mattress ... laughing
                Petka's headdress is also of an incomprehensible cut.

                Bearish English hat probably laughing
                1. Pane Kohanku
                  Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 17: 25 New
                  +4
                  Bearish English hat probably

                  Probably. He took it from the idle invader, and put it across! laughing
        2. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 17: 01 New
          +4
          Note the striped tunic on the right.

          EMNIP, in the novel Furmanov scolded Chapaev for a certain "partisan" ... what
          Sergei, but Shchus is Makhno's henchman.
          A peakless cap, a hussar dolman, a bullet, a Caucasian dagger and the handle of an Austrian "steyr" - what is not a prominent son of anarchy! fellow

          If anyone had dressed like that before him, it was the Landsknechts and Murat personally. laughing
          1. Mihaylov
            Mihaylov 23 July 2020 17: 16 New
            +3
            but Shchus is an assistant of dad Makhno

            Ah handsome! All the village girls were probably crazy about him. 20-25 years old looks like a guy. I always liked the notorious "Old Man Makhno", how old he was there, maybe 27 years old?
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 17: 24 New
              +4
              I always liked the notorious "Old Man Makhno", how old he was there, maybe 27 years old?

              Makhno was in 1888, and this carnival man (I mean Shchusya) was in 1893. He served earlier on the battleship of the Black Sea Fleet "John Chrysostom", and it is written on the ribbon.
              All the village girls were probably crazy about him.

              The most disgusting thing is that in any troubled time, creatures like him will not even ask the village girls whether they like them or not ... request
              1. Mihaylov
                Mihaylov 23 July 2020 17: 30 New
                +2
                Makhno was 1888

                It turns out then he was about thirty, but - "Old Man"!
                and this man is a carnival (I'm talking about Shchusya)

                And what happened to this? to be honest, I don’t know anything about him: did the Reds manage to assess his design skills or did he manage to escape?
                1. Pane Kohanku
                  Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 17: 56 New
                  +4
                  It turns out then he was about thirty, but - "Old Man"!

                  but now they would say - "field commander" and "charismatic leader". Well, or "damn barmaley". Insert what you want! hi
                  did the reds have time to evaluate his design skills or did he manage to escape?

                  managed, but did not attach much importance to them. what He just died in battle with the Reds!
                  1. Mihaylov
                    Mihaylov 23 July 2020 18: 03 New
                    +3
                    managed, but did not attach much importance to them. what Just died in battle with the Reds!

                    Thick-skinned and terribly insensitive people, but what to expect from people in mattress tunics? laughing
                  2. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 18: 13 New
                    +2
                    Thick-skinned and terribly insensitive people, but what to expect from people in mattress tunics?

                    In the mattress were in the Urals. laughing Shchusya was completely killed by Cossacks of hearts - yes, fellow countrymen. Therefore, here we should rather talk about the fashion of the south of Russia and Ukraine! soldier
      2. Catfish
        Catfish 23 July 2020 17: 57 New
        +4
        Note the striped tunic on the right.

        Either someone stole their pajamas, or they were sewn from the mattress, but they are stylish and in the spirit of the times. laughing
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 18: 16 New
          +2
          Either someone stole their pajamas

          In the 18th year, from the estate of Count Stroganov, along with a tea set, before setting fire to ... wink
          but stylish and the spirit of the times.

          exactly what! lol
  • Ryazan87
    Ryazan87 23 July 2020 18: 58 New
    +3
    "... Taking the saber out of its scabbard without any interest, I looked closely and realized that I was blaming the lieutenant in vain.
    Narrow, bending almost into a ring, the steel was covered with patterned Arabic script. I looked closely. I was once taught this a little. Yes, a line from the Koran. "His strength is perfect in war, and in battles he attacks with the attack of a lion." God knows how this Damascus blade got to Russia, to the cavalrymen of Dmitry Zhloba ... "(c)
  • Korsar4
    Korsar4 23 July 2020 07: 08 New
    +9
    Delicious story. With details. For some reason, I liked the silver pipes the most. Handsomely.
    1. kalibr
      23 July 2020 07: 32 New
      +8
      Many regiments were given them for bravery. But it happened, they lost them ...
      1. Korsar4
        Korsar4 23 July 2020 07: 36 New
        +9
        Later, St. George's silver pipes appeared.
        And these details make the picture convex. And they are remembered.
  • Senior seaman
    Senior seaman 23 July 2020 09: 18 New
    +5
    Sorry, I can't resist :)))
    the required height for service in cuirassiers was at least 170 cm for men and 157,5 cm at the withers for horses.

    And for women? yes tongue
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 23 July 2020 10: 17 New
      +8
      1st breast size maximum
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 23 July 2020 17: 53 New
        +5
        Someone who will be flattered, it makes no sense even to take prisoners. laughing
        1. Krasnodar
          Krasnodar 23 July 2020 17: 58 New
          +3
          But in the cuirass - exotic fellow
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 23 July 2020 18: 01 New
            +5
            M-dya, an armored bra as an addition to the "chastity belt". laughing
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 18: 23 New
              +4
              M-dya, an armored bra as an addition to the "chastity belt".

              Do you have a grinder?
              No, there is a juicy Bulgarian! stop
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 23 July 2020 18: 31 New
                +4
                Why did you stick this face? I am immediately attracted to her. Well. by golly ...
                1. Pane Kohanku
                  Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 18: 41 New
                  +4
                  I am immediately attracted to her. Well. by golly ...

                  Useful for the figure! wink and for the general tone! drinks
                  1. Catfish
                    Catfish 23 July 2020 18: 43 New
                    +4
                    Well, thanks, Aesculapius figs. wassat
                    1. Pane Kohanku
                      Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 18: 47 New
                      +3
                      Well, thanks, Aesculapius figs.

                      Well, I'm far from the Good Doctors, but I can shock my brains! drinks
              2. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 23 July 2020 19: 30 New
                +3
                Quote: Pan Kohanku
                M-dya, an armored bra as an addition to the "chastity belt".

                Do you have a grinder?
                No, there is a juicy Bulgarian! stop

                Well I say - Romanian negative
            2. The comment was deleted.
            3. Krasnodar
              Krasnodar 23 July 2020 19: 29 New
              +3
              Quote: Sea Cat
              [/ Center]

              There is a Finn in Czechs))
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 19: 32 New
                +4
                There is a Finn in Czechs))

                and a loin in a Turk. laughing
                1. Krasnodar
                  Krasnodar 23 July 2020 19: 34 New
                  +3
                  And a turkey in flip flops drinks
  • Pane Kohanku
    Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 10: 41 New
    10

    On October 16, 1813, in the "Battle of the Nations" near Leipzig, three hundred Cossacks of the Life Guards Cossack Regiment stopped an eight-thousandth French attack under the command of Murat himself. Just captured the moment of the attack on the cuirassier.
  • Ryazan87
    Ryazan87 23 July 2020 11: 17 New
    +8
    The allied cavalry also included a heavy cuirassier brigade, consisting of the Garda du Corps Guards Regiment and the von Zastrow Regiment with four squadrons each. Many experts believe that this was the best heavy cavalry brigade of the era of the Napoleonic wars.

    The 1st Brigade (commander General Johann Adolph von Tillmann) of the 7th Heavy Cavalry Division consisted of the following regiments:
    - Saxon "Gare du Cor" ("The Bodyguards") - Commander Baron August Wilhelm Friedrich von Leisser, 4 exadrons;
    - Saxon Cuirassier Regiment (former Tsastova) - Commander Colonel Franz Julius von Truzschler, 4 exadrons;
    - Polish 14th Cuirassier Regiment - Commander Count Stanislav Alexander Ignacy Jozef Nalecz-Malakhovsky, 2 exadrons.
    I do not know why the author did not mention the Poles.
    By the way, Tillmann will then go to the Prussians for the service and even for Leipzig the Order of St. George will receive). In the campaign "One Hundred Days" he will also fight against the French. In the best traditions)).
    Malakhovsky will fall into Russian captivity, which will not prevent him from subsequently occupying good posts in the administration of the Kingdom of Poland (and at the same time raising 3 sons, participants in the 1831 uprising).
    The commander of the Gare du Cor, von Leisser, will be taken prisoner at Borodino and will happily live a couple of years in Saratov.
    Franz Julius von Truzschler will be seriously wounded by buckshot in the knee at Borodino, promoted to general, at the end of the 1812 campaign will be taken prisoner by Russia and will die of wounds in December 1812.
  • Undecim
    Undecim 23 July 2020 12: 20 New
    +8
    One reason was practical: White horses are more difficult to keep clean and take longer to care for than dark mask horses.
    Sorry, Vyacheslav Olegovich, but this maxim indicates that its author saw a horse in his life only in a picture.
    In reality, the color of the horse does not matter, the skin of thoroughbred horses requires care at least 3 times a day. Any suit.
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 12: 41 New
      +8
      In reality, the color of the horse does not matter, the skin of thoroughbred horses requires care at least 3 times a day. Any suit.

      About the suit. Interestingly, the cardinal's guards, so not loved by us from the films about the musketeers, were later presented to the king, and they made the second company of the royal musketeers. They were also called "black musketeers" - according to the assigned suit of horses.

      Viewing the black musketeers in the Sablon Valley. Painting by Robert Paul Ponce Antoine, 1729
      There was an attempt to recreate them in 1814 (during the restoration of the Bourbons), but in 1816 they were finally eliminated.

      Black Musketeers in Everyday Uniform, engraving by F. D. N. Dieudonne, 1815.
      Basically, the same cuirassiers! Although, rather, an analogue of cavalry guards. hi
      Pikul, in his Paris in Three Hours, says that General Male, who conspired against the power of Bonaparte, had previously served in the "black musketeers." Wikipedia says that he served in the first company - in the "gray" musketeers.
      1. Okolotochny
        Okolotochny 23 July 2020 13: 08 New
        +5
        In the picture, the musketeers ... hold hands and look at each other ...)) "Enlightened Europe"))
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 13: 21 New
          +7
          hold hands and look at each other ...

          this is a harsh man's handshake! True, the one on the left carries a broadsword like a reticule ... wink
          There is an opinion that in our guard in other years it was also not very good ...
          A certain cadet deputy Obninsky wrote: It was also curious that not all regiments of the guard suffered from the defect. At that time, for example, when the Transfigurations indulged in him, together with their commander, almost without exception, the Life Hussars were distinguished by their naturalness in their affections... By the commander of the Preobrazhentsi, apparently, he meant the Grand Duke Sergei Alexandrovich. hi
          I can't vouch for the words of the tattered deputy, but still ...
          1. Mihaylov
            Mihaylov 23 July 2020 15: 14 New
            +6
            this is a harsh man's handshake!

            Good afternoon Nikolai,
            and this is a harsh male kiss

            And notice those: no ambiguity
            1. Okolotochny
              Okolotochny 27 July 2020 12: 21 New
              +2
              In the USSR, there was no s..x)) Especially same-sex. Therefore, it is perceived naturally.
        2. Hantengri
          Hantengri 23 July 2020 21: 58 New
          +2
          Quote: Okolotochny
          In the picture, the musketeers ... hold hands and look at each other ...)) "Enlightened Europe"))

          And the musketeer on the left is waiting, in the distance, a sweet boy! And no one is waiting for the musketeer on the right. Moreover, the croup of the horse, this "nobody", seems to say: "Farewell to the primitive ... Our meeting was a mistake!" lol Here is such, it is, difficult, masculine, musketeer "friendship"! laughing
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 16: 45 New
            +3
            Here is such, it is, difficult, masculine, musketeer "friendship"!

            Yeah, and Lieutenant Rzhevsky is a scoundrel, because he pulled the stool from under his feet from Prince Andrey, as in a well-known anecdote. laughing
  • Thunderbolt
    Thunderbolt 23 July 2020 14: 33 New
    +5
    "Scottish Grays" - Guards Dragoon Regiment, distinguished itself in many battles
    The regiment is not easy and even deserves a separate article.
    By the way, the history of the regiment is surprisingly intersecting with the history of our country .... How do you like this colonel of the Royal Dragoon Guards Regiment of Scots Grays?
    As a sign of mourning for their chief of the Scots Grays regiment, they wear black lining under the cockade and black shoulder straps, and during officers' meetings they traditionally perform "God Save the Tsar" ... Such is the rehearsal. See, they have black shoulder straps. wink
    [/ Center]
    1. kalibr
      23 July 2020 15: 18 New
      +3
      I think so too. But for good material you need to contact their headquarters, ask for information, photos ... it's not that simple and not fast!
  • Catfish
    Catfish 23 July 2020 15: 08 New
    +7
    Interestingly, while keeping traditional dress, the Austro-Hungarian military took an innovative approach to weapons: it was their cavalry who were first armed with automatic pistols, while the traditional weapon of their opponents' cavalry was a revolver!

    Actually, it is very funny to see, in such an archaic form, a very modern weapon for that era. smile

    Pistol of the Steyr Mannlicher M1901 system in 7,63 mm Mannlicher with a fixed magazine for 8 rounds.


    1. kalibr
      23 July 2020 15: 16 New
      +3
      Just a bracket on the handle, for a belt, so that the rider does not lose while shaking on the horse!
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 23 July 2020 15: 22 New
        +5
        Not only. I ran out of cartridges, just let go of the pistol, without bothering to stick it into the holster, and immediately changed the barrel to a broadsword. There was a lot of trouble with reloading.
        Thank you very much for the article, it was interesting to read. hi
        1. kalibr
          23 July 2020 15: 34 New
          +4
          Glad you like it. Writing such articles takes a lot of time, because you have to translate a lot and compare many different sources, but on the other hand ... it can be interesting yourself. And when readers like it, it's also nice.
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 23 July 2020 15: 38 New
            +4
            Yes, the work is visible, and therefore it is interesting to read. smile
          2. Astra wild
            Astra wild 23 July 2020 18: 59 New
            +2
            Vyacheslav Olegovich, ALL of your works are interesting. I believe that you and Valery are decorating the site.
            I read ALL works carefully (it happens that I strongly disagree) in all works I find something interesting. But when will you continue your cycle on the history of clothing?
            1. kalibr
              23 July 2020 21: 12 New
              +1
              Dear Astra! Another material is being written ... But a lot, alas, depends on the mood. Here "hit" - it is written. Then - no. But materials are being accumulated and processed. So it will be soon, after about 4 materials ... Clothing is generally a difficult topic ...
    2. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 16: 51 New
      +4
      Actually, it is very funny to see in such an archaic form a very modern weapon for that era

      In the battle at Yaroslavits in 1914, the cavalry came together - the Austrian division against the division of Count Fyodor Arturovich Keller. The question is that the Austrians managed to put on the ceremonial helmets, which they brought with them, and it was problematic to hit them on the head. request When this was reported to Keller, he said: "Hit them in the face and neck!" The Austrians were defeated despite their superior numbers. soldier

      The heroic Count Keller was killed by the Petliurists in 1918.
      from wikipedia:
      Keller's precious reward checker, seized during the arrest, was solemnly presented by the commander of the Secheviks Konovalets Petlyura when he entered the city. There is nothing to add. negative
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 23 July 2020 18: 01 New
        +3
        This is how Gd created the Italians so that the Austrians could defeat at least someone drinks
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 23 July 2020 18: 08 New
          +5
          Yeah, I don't remember who said: "... the Austrians were beaten, even always beaten by all, Italians." drinks
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 23 July 2020 19: 24 New
            +3
            But the yak in the opera sleeps asleep ... fellow
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 19: 40 New
              +4
              But the yak in the opera sleeps asleep ...

              Guy de Neuville examined the barrel.
              - What are you waiting for? - he asked.
              - Tour of the Milanese singer Grassini. The Corsican finds her howls charming, and Bonaparte's mad Creole will follow Bonaparte to the Opera ...

              (VS Pikul, "To Each His Own." Monarchists-babakhs (banned in Russia!) Want to give Bonaparte a big badabum on the way to the opera.) fellow
              In fact, you are absolutely right, Albert! drinks
        2. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 18: 09 New
          +4
          This is how Gd created the Italians so that the Austrians could defeat at least someone

          yes, a famous military anecdote. wink drinks There was another one:
          “My Fuhrer, Italy has declared war!”
          - Send three divisions against them ...
          - No, they declared war on our opponents, as our allies!
          - Oh ... It sucks .... We'll have to send them thirty divisions to help them!
          belay
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 23 July 2020 19: 27 New
            +3
            By the way, Italians are the only ones, except Slovaks, although there are different data that treated the Soviet population well during the occupation.
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 23 July 2020 19: 29 New
              +3
              Italians are the only ones, except for Slovaks, although there are different data that treated the Soviet population well during the occupation.

              willingly believe. But the Hungarians, they say, were still that beast ... angry they also differed little in 1956.
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 23 July 2020 20: 12 New
                +4
                Yes, the Magyars are still those "humanists", it is strange that ours did not attract them for war crimes, although ... political considerations, their mother. request
                1. Krasnodar
                  Krasnodar 24 July 2020 09: 11 New
                  +2
                  So Hitler's Austria, for some reason, also fell into the category of victims of the German occupation.
                  1. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 16: 46 New
                    +2
                    So Hitler's Austria, for some reason, also fell into the category of victims of the German occupation.

                    Although it was the Austrians who served in the 45th Infantry Division (the one that took the Brest Fortress) ... hi
                    1. Krasnodar
                      Krasnodar 24 July 2020 18: 25 New
                      +1
                      Among other parts of the SS and the Wehrmacht hi
      2. Astra wild
        Astra wild 23 July 2020 18: 44 New
        +3
        Now I looked at Vika: he was a man of desperate courage, a convinced monarchist. By the will of fate, he turned out to be the commander of the army of "hetman" Skoropadsky, but he did not want to admit his "independence" point-blank.
        He is German by blood, but was devoted to Russia. I was, is and will be Soviet, but I respect such brave men.
    3. Astra wild
      Astra wild 23 July 2020 20: 46 New
      +2
      Cat, I have a book Beetle "Small arms" and there is this pistol drawn, but your pictures are brighter.
      P.
      S.
      I noticed that you like the topic: the history of weapons. Here is my question: "How the steel was tempered" Korchagin stole a Mannlicher pistol from an Austrian ovitzer, but the pistol says "revolver". In the book "School" Gaidar had a Mauser pistol (pocket "hunchback"), but he was also called a "revolver" Why is that? If Dontsova or Yakovleva, or one of the modern writers confuses a revolver and a pistol, it is understandable, but Gaidar and Ostrovsky were well versed in weapons and say so.
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 23 July 2020 21: 04 New
        +2
        Good evening, Vera love .
        ... but Gaidar and Ostrovsky were well versed in weapons and say so.

        To be honest, I very much doubt that these two were great experts in weapons and weapon terminology. Yes, and at that time the word revolver was in common use, in colloquial speech it was generally accepted and they could call everything that shot and fit in a pocket. Then, many pocket pistols with a replaceable magazine in the handle, from different companies, were called Browning (just with a small letter), and even now many people call PPSh, or MP-40 automatic machines, although both pistols / machine guns. People do not bother with terminology, they do not need it in FIG. smile
        1. kalibr
          23 July 2020 21: 14 New
          +3
          Plus, I'll add, the Mauser also had a revolver ...
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 23 July 2020 21: 23 New
            +5
            Yeah, the 1878 Mauser revolver Zig Zag.
        2. Astra wild
          Astra wild 24 July 2020 17: 41 New
          +1
          "these two were great weapons specialists." At least they perfectly distinguished a revolver from an automatic pistol. For example, I can distinguish PSM from PM. I can make out both. Agree that not everyone can do this. She praised herself.
          To tell the truth, I don't know much about the TS "track record" of Golikov-Gaidar and Ostrovsky. In any case, they used and saw weapons every day
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 24 July 2020 18: 47 New
            +2
            To use one or two systems does not mean knowing all weapons and having a professional understanding of them. I don’t know PSM at all, but I’m sure that I will deal with it "at once". smile
            1. Astra wild
              Astra wild 24 July 2020 21: 50 New
              +1
              If you know how to disassemble a gun, then of course you can disassemble the PSM.
  • VIP
    VIP 23 July 2020 17: 34 New
    +2
    "while the traditional weapon of their opponent's cavalry was the revolver." Vyacheslav, you are not entirely accurate: the standard weapon of ALL RIA was the revolver Nagant
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 23 July 2020 18: 14 New
      +5
      You are not entirely accurate:

      Really? Or do you think that the Austrians had no other opponents besides the Russian army? In addition, in the article, the author mentions the revolver as a "traditional weapon", not a word about the standard one. And even those who are not interested in this know about what system the standard RIA revolver was.
      I don't know who gave you the pluses, you can see the same "professionals" as you.
      1. VIP
        VIP 24 July 2020 16: 29 New
        +1
        It may very well be. Not everyone understands the history of weapons.
        As for + you are not offended by them
  • Astra wild
    Astra wild 23 July 2020 18: 05 New
    +4
    "after the battle of Leipzig, the Saxons also followed their example" in other words, "changed their shoes" from French to Russian boots. Only yesterday's enemies have become allies.
    Vyacheslav Olegovich, you do not know: how much was paid to Friedrich August for "changing shoes"?
    Or maybe he was subtly hinted that there would be people willing to sit on your armchair?
    1. kalibr
      23 July 2020 21: 20 New
      +2
      I do not know. In general, I have not heard of this. In general, I am a very narrow specialist, Astra. Here I have a book from the Kassel publishing house - I read it, translate it, go to the sites of museums and regiments ... and that's it. And if there is "what is not," I do not have that either. I can only assume that they promised to preserve the crown and all its lands "before Napoleon."
      1. Astra wild
        Astra wild 24 July 2020 17: 23 New
        0
        You have actually confirmed my second assumption. Namely, he was told: either you change your boots and stay with what was "before Napoleon" or cousins ​​or some other relatives will willingly "gray" instead of you
  • Trilobite Master
    Trilobite Master 23 July 2020 20: 38 New
    +3
    Well, here we can ...
    Nice article, interesting comments. good These are the moments that reconcile me with the need to live in a human society. smile
    Thanks, colleagues, made me happy.
    Special thanks to the author for the material - for me, informative and interesting. hi
    1. kalibr
      23 July 2020 21: 17 New
      +3
      Yes, Mikhail, I agree, and the comments and questions are interesting. Aimed at finding out, not getting away. And how people do not understand that the latter is completely impossible with anonymous commenting.
  • not main
    not main 24 July 2020 00: 19 New
    0
    Quote: Mihaylov
    Swollen flares, embroidered with beads, with mother-of-pearl buttons, machine-gun belts across the body and grenades on the belt ...

    You must enter the new world beautifully!
    Here is also an interesting photo of Chapaev's headquarters. Note the striped tunic on the right.

    I just couldn't understand ... who? Until I realized that it was not on the right, but on the left! Photos are read "on the fly"!
  • ANB
    ANB 24 July 2020 14: 06 New
    0
    ... than grooming dark mask horses.

    Typo. I think the author wanted to write "suits"
  • ANB
    ANB 24 July 2020 14: 08 New
    0
    ... growth of about 150 cm at the withers and no more, and there were many of them in Scotland and Wales.

    Most likely they were Welsh ponies. My daughter was engaged in this.
  • raif
    raif 5 August 2020 00: 32 New
    0
    The Allied Brigade lost 200 men and Wellington lost a good quarter of his cavalry? citizen author, do not be like Dumas - here is like a historical section of the site laughing