Military Review

Cuirassiers and cuirasses of the Napoleonic wars

66

V. Mazurovsky. The attack of the Life Guards Cavalry Regiment on the French cuirassiers in the battle of Friedland on June 2, 1807


Cavalier guards, the century is short,
and therefore it is so sweet.
The trumpet sings, the canopy is opened,
and somewhere saber ringing is heard.
The stringed voice still roars,
but the commander is already in the saddle ...
Do not promise young maiden
eternal love on earth!
Bulat Okudzhava. Cavalier's song


Military affairs at the turn of the eras. By the end of the reign of Paul I, the Russian cavalry had as many as 13 cuirassier regiments in its composition - a solid force. But for the sake of economy, by 1803, their number was reduced to six. These were His Majesty's regiments; Her Majesty; Military Order; Little Russian; Glukhovsky; Yekaterinoslavsky, to which in 1811 they nevertheless decided to add two more: Astrakhan and Novgorod. In 1812, two more regiments, the dragoon regiments of Pskov and Starodubovsky, were converted into cuirassier regiments, and in April 1813 His Majesty's regiment was transferred to the Guard.


Non-commissioned officer of the Life Guards Cavalry Regiment, 1809-1812 From the book "Drawings to stories Life Guards Cavalry Regiment: uniform of Life Guards Cavalry Regiment, 1731-1848 "

All regiments had a five-squadron composition and included the chief of the regiment, a colonel, a lieutenant colonel, two majors, two captains, seven headquarters captains, ten lieutenants, 17 cadets, five senior non-commissioned officers (vakhmisters), ten warrant officers, five quartermasters, 50 non-commissioned officers, 660 soldiers, 17 musicians, three ministers of the regimental church (a priest and two assistants), ten doctors, five barbers, 32 artisans, profos and 21 Furshtatsky. The reserve squadron of the regiment consisted of a major, a captain, a headquarters captain, a lieutenant, a cadet, a sergeant-major, a quartermaster, ten non-commissioned officers, 102 soldiers, two trumpeters, a barber and four carts. In 1812, first another squadron was added to the cuirassier regiments, and then a second, so there were seven of them.


Cuirass 1800 Front view. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York


Cuirass 1800 Rear view


Breastplate of the early XNUMXth century France, Besancon. This cuirass is an extremely rare example of late decorated armor of the highest quality and one of the few documented French examples bearing the N mark (either from the city or from its creator in that city)


The same cuirass, rear view. By the end of the XNUMXth century, the wearing of armor had fallen out of fashion, although the French cavalry were sometimes supplied with cuirass. This specimen, made for a high-ranking officer, probably a nobleman, was specially decorated and includes baroque trophies and foliage ornament similar to that found on a French firearm weapons late XVII - XVIII centuries. Despite the decoration, the cuirass was functional. A shallow circular indentation in the lower left side of the breastplate indicates that the cuirass was shot in test firing to prove it was good bullet protection

Until 1803, the cuirassiers of the Russian imperial army, as if in the 1803th century, continued to wear high two-cornered hats (like dragoons). But in XNUMX, another uniform reform began, and such cavalrymen as dragoons and cuirassiers were given high helmets made of black pumpkin leather, with high combs and visors in front and behind (and the front had a brass edging), and a metal forehead plate with the image of a two-headed eagle (instead of an eagle, on the helmets of the regiment of the Military Order, there was a St. George's star with four rays). The helmet was held in place by a black leather chin strap. In cold weather, a cloth lining was inserted under it, covering the ears. The crest of the helmet was adorned with a curved black plume that looked like a carrot.

The tunic had short coattails and a high collar and was sewn from dense white fabric - karazei. A black tie rested around his neck. Collar and cuffs - from cloth of applied color; the collar had white piping. There was only one shoulder strap, on the left shoulder.

In the dress uniform, leggings of goat or elk leather with high boots were worn. On the contrary, the hiking uniform relied on short boots, over which they wore leggings of either gray or brownish-gray color, with black leather trimmed inside and with wooden buttons covered with fabric along the seam on the side outside.

This uniform corresponded to European fashion in everything, but not even five years had passed, when in 1808 the plume caterpillar on the helmets was replaced with horsehair "bristles", although the magnificent plumes were left to the officers for parades until 1812. In 1812, the cavalry guards also received black steel cuirasses and new collars: low, fastened with hooks tightly. Both the cuirassiers and the cavalry guards had their fittings and carbines taken away (in the period from 1812 to 1814, only flankers had them), leaving only broadswords and pistols.

Now let's see how effective the then cuirass was. Actually, all of them in those years in all European countries were approximately the same in structure and weight, except that they differed in appearance. For example, in Napoleonic France, where cuirasses were worn not only by cuirassiers themselves, but also by carabinieri, unlike Russian, black, painted ones, there were cuirasses, for the sake of beauty, covered with copper sheet!

Cuirassiers and cuirasses of the Napoleonic wars
Theodore Gericault. A wounded cuirassier leaving the battlefield, 1814 Louvre, Paris

And there, in 1807, they were tested by shelling. They tested a regular iron breastplate weighing 4,49 kg and a 3,26 kg backrest about three millimeters thick, as well as a German steel cuirass (these were privately allowed to be acquired by gentlemen officers) and an old cuirass from the Seven Years' War, connected by forging layers of steel and iron, whose bib weighed 6,12 kg. The shots were fired from an army infantry rifle of 17,5 mm caliber. And this is what came of it: the first cuirass made its way from distances of 105 and 145 meters, the second did not always break through, but the third, the heaviest, did not break through. The pistol was also fired from a distance of 17 and 23 meters, and the first cuirass was pierced, but the last two passed the test successfully.


The Paris Army Museum in the House of the Invalids. There are good riders, cuirassiers, dragoons ... But it's very difficult to photograph through glass and against the light from windows ...

By the way, the sapper cuirass made of one bib, which weighed 7,2 kg, at a distance of 23 m withstood all bullets, except for the Tyrolean carbine. That is, the degree of protection that the cuirass gave was quite high. And in principle, it would be possible to make a cuirass and completely impenetrable for the bullets of that time, only now its weight would be at the level of 8 kg!


Private and timpani of the Life Guards Horse Regiment 1846-1848 From the book "Drawings for the history of the Life Guards Cavalry Regiment: the uniform of the Life Guards Cavalry Regiment, 1731-1848"

However, in 1825, the French still adopted the cuirass that protected from a musket bullet from a distance of 40 m. It had a variable thickness: 5,5-5,6 mm in the center and 2,3 mm at the edges. The back was very thin - 1,2 mm. Weight 8-8,5 kg. It cost the treasury 70 francs.


But this is the cuirassier of the French cuirassier of the Napoleonic wars era, pierced by a cannonball. The nucleolus was small, only the size of an orange, and the "hole" was also small, but one can imagine what happened to the poor fellow on whom this cuirass was. And it wasn't over yet! It flew further, into the second rank!


The same cuirass. Back view. Paris Army Museum

In 1855, they decided to lighten the cuirass and began to make the bib already from hardened steel with a thickness of 3,3 mm, and the back - from the usual one. The weight was thus reduced by almost 2 kg. But the problem was that, in addition to progress, there was also progress in the field of small arms in metallurgy, and the Franco-Prussian war showed this once again in the most graphic way.


General (center), chief officer (right) and private (left) of the Life Guards Cavalry Regiment of 1848. From the book "Drawings for the history of the Life Guards Cavalry Regiment: the uniform of the Life Guards Cavalry Regiment, 1731-1848"

However, the French army continued to use cuirasses! In the 80s of the XIX century, they began to be made of chrome steel, and now they already protected the rider from the Gra rifle bullets at a distance of 100 meters, and at the same weight. And since 1891, they began to be made of new chromium-nickel steel, which was not penetrated by the bullet of the standard blunt-headed with a lead core and copper-nickel sheath bullet of the French Lebel rifle of 1886 from a distance of 375 meters. But now a bullet of the ogival form of 1898 made of tombac alloy pierced it at all distances ...


Breastplate, approx. 1825 Produced by Coulaux Frères, Manufacture Royale d'Armes de Klingenthal. It is one of two famous cuirasses with rich engraved and gilded ornamentation from the restoration of the French monarchy, and a very rare example of luxurious armor from the 1784th century. Designed and decorated at the Royal Arms Manufactory in Klingenthal in Alsace, it was probably specially commissioned by François Marie Louis Victor, Baron de Latour-Foissac (1851-1757) in anticipation of the coronation of Charles X of Bourbon (1836-1824, reigned from 1830) to 29) May 1825, 23 in Reims. As Colonel of the Queen's Cuirassier Regiment, Latour-Foissac was the commander of the detachment who accompanied the royal carriage during the solemn procession to the Reims Cathedral. However, due to his age and deteriorating health, Latour-Voissac, an experienced veteran of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, received permission to retire from active service on 1825 May XNUMX, just two days before his coronation. Perhaps the cuirass was borrowed by his successor the Comte de Saint-Mar.
In its design, closely related to the standard model of 1825, the cuirass is distinguished by engraved and gilded ornaments made on it from trophies of weapons and foliage. In concept and execution, the decor demonstrates a noticeable similarity with the blades of luxurious sabers made for high-ranking French officers at the Klingenthal manufactory from the Directory (October 26, 1795 - November 9, 1799) and in the era of the Restoration (1814 - July 29, 1830) ...
An accurate comparison with the melee weapons produced in Klingenthal leaves no doubt that the cuirass was engraved and gilded by François-Xavier Biche (1793-1841), who after the resignation of his father François-Joseph Bichat (1756-1831) in 1822 became chief engraver in Klingenthal. The similarity in the design concept of edged weapons decorated by his father in previous decades clearly indicates that he used his father's decorative designs as a source of inspiration.

To be continued ...
Author:
Articles from this series:
Cuirassiers in Russia: how it all began
Cuirassiers in battles and campaigns
Horse latniks back in service
Cuirassiers in museums
Friends and Enemies of Imperial Cuirassiers
Polish shells, Austrian hussars and Turkish fives
Enemies of the Cuirassiers
With whom the latniks of the emperor Maximilian fought?
“A small discovery in the butt of an arquebus ...”
Horsemen of the Eighty Years War
Horses and saddles of the XVI-XVII centuries
“By people and by horses, not by aer”
Ordonance companies
“It's a miracle if someone is killed with a spear”
Mounted Latniks Sunset
66 comments
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  1. Korsar4
    Korsar4 24 July 2020 06: 27 New
    10
    “Civil rights were written by a fist,
    Sword - state law, gunpowder
    They were erased and the military regulations created ”(c).

    Time goes by. Beauty remains. The functionality is lost.
  2. Krasnodar
    Krasnodar 24 July 2020 09: 12 New
    +6
    Second cuirass from the top - manufacturer Renault
    1. Korsar4
      Korsar4 24 July 2020 09: 46 New
      +6
      Forerunner.

      Or a compelling argument for an alternative history - "they've already been there."
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 24 July 2020 14: 57 New
      +5
      Albert, glad to welcome! soldier
      And this, began to be, an ugly descendant of the luxurious ancestors of Renault. smile request

      The direct heir, so to speak ...
      1. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 15: 02 New
        +4
        And this, began to be, an ugly descendant of the luxurious ancestors of Renault.

        Louis Renault finished badly .... And not rehabilitated! Although I have a "Megan" - a great car. drinks
        1. Mihaylov
          Mihaylov 24 July 2020 15: 51 New
          +5
          Quote: Pan Kohanku
          And this, began to be, an ugly descendant of the luxurious ancestors of Renault.

          Louis Renault finished badly .... And not rehabilitated! Although I have a "Megan" - a great car. drinks

          Nikolay, for sure this is Citroën's intrigues, they were always in contradiction, and I had a "duster"
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 15: 57 New
            +4
            Nikolay, for sure this is the machinations of Citroën

            Sergei, one hundred percent! laughing Interestingly, the prototypes of the Citroën 2CV (a small car driven by a mad nun from a series of films about a gendarme from Saint-Tropez) were hidden away from the thieving German eyes in 19140! The French did not want the Germans to force them to produce this car. Therefore, he went into the series after the war. And so .. the Germans really could make another "kübelwagen" out of it, if they wanted ... request

            and I have a "duster"

            I had a "Logan" before. Generally naked, even without an air conditioner and amplifier. But the impression is the warmest. drinks
            1. Mihaylov
              Mihaylov 24 July 2020 16: 01 New
              +3
              Quote: Pan Kohanku
              I had a "Logan" before

              Similarly, before Duster I also had Logan, almost the first year of release (or the second, I don't remember), no complaints, for 7 years it has never broken, but it is more convenient to carry boards to the dacha on Duster
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 16: 05 New
                +3
                but on Duster it is more convenient to carry boards to the dacha

                on "Megan" it is inconvenient to carry even rear passengers!laughing I have a hatchback, and my height is 190 - the seat has to be pushed back all the way, so only a dwarf can sit behind me. drinks the trunk is also small.
                no complaints, for 7 years I have never broken

                no complaints in 4 years, but the suspension elements had to be changed several times. Both front pillars, for example. And once they broke the side glass and stole the radio tape recorder ... laughing The only thing - it had a 72-horsepower engine, so it was not very comfortable to overtake. I was afraid!
                1. Mihaylov
                  Mihaylov 24 July 2020 16: 14 New
                  +3
                  Quote: Pan Kohanku
                  The only thing - it had a 72-horsepower engine, so it was not very comfortable to overtake. I was afraid!

                  Definitely not a race car. Duster, by the way, too, I had to take 2.0 liters, 1.6 - not very overtaking.
                  Do radio tape recorders still steal? Although they rented my rooms, and after they were allowed to do them without re-registration, I went and made new ones.
                  1. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 16: 18 New
                    +3
                    Do radio tape recorders still steal?

                    it was in 2010. There, her top panel was detached with one finger movement. So, this panel was flooded, the next day I bought the same one on Juno, and I suspect that it was mine! laughing And the glass was replaced on the same day by insurance. What they are putting out of the tape recorders now - I don't know.
                    Duster, by the way, too, I had to take 2.0 liters, 1.6 - not very overtaking.

                    support yes
                2. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 24 July 2020 18: 56 New
                  +3
                  on "Megan" it is inconvenient to carry even rear passengers!
                  1. "Megan" is different.
                  2. It’s you, six of you, in constipation, didn’t go.
                  1. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 20: 10 New
                    +3
                    "Megan" is different.

                    I specifically wrote that I have a hatchback.
                    1. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 24 July 2020 20: 21 New
                      +2
                      Count up, I also have a "hatchback" in my TCP, and I go there, in her gut, 270cm. shoved. And you, a miserable 2 meters, refused to place ... negative
              2. kalibr
                24 July 2020 19: 52 New
                +3
                Quote: Mihaylov
                but on Duster it is more convenient to carry boards to the dacha

                ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
                1. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 24 July 2020 20: 00 New
                  +1
                  Svetlana's "Duster"?
                  1. kalibr
                    24 July 2020 20: 04 New
                    +3
                    She has Mathis, Duster is at her husband's ... But on Mathis we fit perfectly together with five of the cat and a bundle of boards from one glass to another.
                    1. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 24 July 2020 20: 12 New
                      +1
                      Only in the "hill", out of the car, the rear passengers have to get out. For it does not go. It was more than once in Saratov.
                      1. kalibr
                        24 July 2020 21: 13 New
                        +3
                        Well, I don’t know, I can’t question your words, but in Penza our mountains are no less steep than in Saratov and ... it drives quite normally. Also in Saratov, where she also went on it "with full gear."
      2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 24 July 2020 15: 14 New
        +5
        Quote: Sea Cat
        Albert, glad to welcome! soldier
        And this, began to be, an ugly descendant of the luxurious ancestors of Renault. smile request

        The direct heir, so to speak ...

        I'll digress a little from the topic! The Austrians in the seventies adopted a light tank with a French turret AMX-13, which after modernization was named SK-105 "Kirasmr"!
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 24 July 2020 16: 10 New
          +6
          AMX-13 is a very good car, it was regularly modernized, since 1968 it has been produced under license in Argentina. And his "swinging" tower with automatic loading of the gun was installed on other models of tanks, in particular by the Israelis on the "Sherman".

      3. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 24 July 2020 15: 27 New
        +4
        Greetings, mutually hi Well, for its time it was very much even nothing and determined the image of the future tank building, becoming its prototype.
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 24 July 2020 16: 02 New
          +6
          And even received a strong drive "Fighter for freedom comrade Lenin". The capitalist Louis Renault would have known ... laughing
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 16: 12 New
            +5
            And even received a strong drive "Fighter for freedom comrade Lenin".

            Konstantin, by the way, one tank in that series was named after Leon Trotsky. But everyone forgot about it ... wink
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 24 July 2020 16: 14 New
              +6
              What a beauty! smile Comrade Stalin probably ordered him to be melted into something else, Schaub and the spirit of the nasty was not. bully
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 16: 15 New
                +5
                Schaub and the spirit was not foul.

                competition .. she is! request We started with skirmishes, then smoothly switched to ice axes .. fellow
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 24 July 2020 16: 18 New
                  +7
                  Comrade Stalin had a negative attitude towards persons of Jewish nationality, he even blamed his daughter: "I could not find our own, Russian." (this is about Kapler). drinks
                  1. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 16: 26 New
                    +6
                    I do not presume to judge the preferences of Comrade Stalin. stop
                    But I can put the Bulgarian one more time. tongue
                    1. Catfish
                      Catfish 24 July 2020 16: 28 New
                      +6
                      But I can put the Bulgarian one more time

                      But this is not necessary for hell, do not spoil my appetite, I was going to dinner. stop
                      1. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 16: 36 New
                        +6
                        But this is not necessary for hell, do not spoil my appetite, I was going to dinner.

                        Okay, Uncle Kostya, I'll post it two hours after lunch so that digestion goes faster! laughing drinks
              2. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 24 July 2020 18: 27 New
                +3
                Quote: Sea Cat
                What a beauty! smile Comrade Stalin probably ordered him to be melted into something else, Schaub and the spirit of the nasty was not. bully

                Into the ice ax))
          2. The comment was deleted.
          3. Mihaylov
            Mihaylov 24 July 2020 17: 06 New
            +5
            Quote: Sea Cat
            And even got a strong drive "Freedom fighter Comrade Lenin"

            Here it is in the original in Kubinka:

            Handsome!
            1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
              Kote Pan Kokhanka 24 July 2020 17: 15 New
              +5
              Quote: Mihaylov
              Quote: Sea Cat
              And even got a strong drive "Freedom fighter Comrade Lenin"

              Here it is in the original in Kubinka:

              Handsome!

              By the way, almost all tanks of the series received proper names. Including one of them was called "Russian Renault"!
              1. Mihaylov
                Mihaylov 24 July 2020 17: 16 New
                +5
                Quote: Kote Pan Kokhanka
                By the way, almost all tanks of the series received proper names.

                They, if I'm not mistaken, as many as 15 were built.
                1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
                  Kote Pan Kokhanka 24 July 2020 17: 21 New
                  +5
                  For the early 20s, given the devastation of the Civil War, an outstanding achievement!
                  The next serial T-18 (MS-1) was mastered only in the late 20s, a little short of 1000 copies!
          4. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 24 July 2020 18: 26 New
            +1
            Quite right - the first, EMNIP, Soviet tank
  3. Konstantin Trunov
    Konstantin Trunov 24 July 2020 10: 02 New
    10
    Kind! Well, let's start: the author has a bunch of minor flaws in writing, okay, but there are a couple of major ones, firstly: there is no indication that during the period of the beginning of the reign of Alexander I, the cuirassiers did not have cuirassiers at all, as such, but had chest plastrons made of dense matter or thin skin with the image of an eagle or a 4-ray star, after the Life Guards Cuirassier regiment was almost completely defeated in the Battle of Austerlitz in 1805 (precisely because of the lack of cuirasses), they thought about this and only bought cuirasses in Prussia in 1807 and then for the elite companies of the regiments (that is, the first ranks of the 1st squadron), after the Battle of Friedland in 1807, when the attack of the Order Cuirassier Regiment almost became a disaster, they thought about equipping all cuirassier regiments at least with breastplate (half cuirass) and only for the war of 1812 Years cuirassiers received full cuirasses, and even then not in all regiments, cuirasses were both Russian and foreign (mostly Prussian, later there were also trophy French ones). Secondly: there was a lot of controversy as to what came to this poor cuirassier (although how poor he was if he served in a cuirassier regiment) and not just a cuirassier, but in carabinieri (judging by the cuirass), so what flew in and could have arrived a lot of things, mostly inclined towards large buckshot, which fell asleep in "unitary" shells in the form of a glass in which there was buckshot from 20 mm to 30 mm in diameter, shot with such a buckshot charge at a distance of about 400 meters, was intended just to repulse cavalry attacks ( for the infantry there was small grape-shot and it flew closer to 300 m), so if this carabinieri got a cannonball like you write with an orange (and this is just the size of a cannonball for light field artillery 3-pound caliber, then his arm would be torn off at a piece of the shoulder of the cuirass.

    PS The picture at the beginning of the article shows the attack of the Orda cuirassiers.
    1. kalibr
      24 July 2020 10: 11 New
      +4
      Dear Konstantin! The article is part of a series. Therefore, if something is not in one material, then it may be in another, and it is wiser to read them one by one. Then many questions will disappear by themselves, as well as comments ...
      1. Konstantin Trunov
        Konstantin Trunov 24 July 2020 10: 18 New
        +5
        Respected! The article is called "Cuirassiers and cuirasses of the Napoleonic Wars", so my comment turns out to be in the subject of the article!
        1. fighter angel
          fighter angel 24 July 2020 15: 51 New
          -1
          Konstantin, your comment about Russian cuirassiers is much more informative and interesting than what is written about them in the article of our "respected" author!
          While listing the Russian cuirassier regiments of the era of Alexander the First, he did not consider it necessary to mention the Life Guards Horse and Cavalry regiments ... For some reason. Or is there a separate article about them?
          Or did they not wear cuirassiers and were not cuirassiers?
          And by the way, if I am not mistaken, then until 1812 in the first ranks of Russian cuirassiers, heavy pikes were also used.
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 24 July 2020 14: 53 New
      +8
      ... in the form of large buckshot, which was poured into "unitary" shells in the form of a glass, in which there was buckshot from 20 mm to 30 mm in diameter, they fired with such a buckshot charge at a distance of about 400 meters ...

      Captain's caliber 30 mm. will never make such an entrance hole, and there will simply not be an exit, the lead bullet will flatten out when it hits the body and will never pierce the dorsal shell.
      Yes, but why did you decide that the poor fellow did not have his hand torn off? Judging by the outlet, there was generally a full mince of the right half of the body. hi
      1. Konstantin Trunov
        Konstantin Trunov 24 July 2020 22: 54 New
        +1
        The buckshot was also cast iron, the fact is that lead buckshot, if put into a buckshot "basket" from stacking, often crumpled, after that they began to use cast buckshot, it was made of low quality cast iron, this was done just in order to one such bullet pierced the target, it could still hit someone.
  4. Mihaylov
    Mihaylov 24 July 2020 10: 45 New
    +3
    Good day to all!
    A question for connoisseurs: once upon a time I came across information that the Russian army on the eve of the Russian-Japanese war ordered about 90 thousand cuirasses in France to protect against modern weapons at that time (as I understand it, it was some kind of proto-analogue of body armor) ...
    Further, these cuirasses did not have time to go to war, and testing revealed that their protective properties were absolutely not satisfactory.
    Does anyone have the details of this story: what were these cuirasses? what happened to the contract? Was any quantity delivered to Russia after all? if so, what happened to them? is there a picture / photo of them? And in general, was there such a story?
  5. Pane Kohanku
    Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 14: 19 New
    +7
    V. Mazurovsky. The attack of the Life Guards Cavalry Regiment on the French cuirassiers in the battle of Friedland on June 2, 1807

    Painting from the Artillery Museum. There are also some other regalia, pipes, etc. what
    I would like to move away from the topic a little, and remember other heroes - only in the infantry. The Pavlovsk Grenadier Regiment also distinguished itself in the Battle of Friedland. For heroism the regiment was ordered to wear grenadiers in the form in which they left the Battle of Friedland: “For excellent courage, bravery and fearlessness in battles with the French in 1806 and 1807 in honor of the regiment, leave its caps in the form in which it left the battlefield ". On November 13, 1808, it was ordered to engrave "on the shot-through hats the names of those lower ranks who carried them with them from the battlefield ... to preserve the memory of these honored soldiers forever ...". The brass foreheads of grenadier hats, pierced by enemy bullets in this battle, have since been worn by Pavlovtsy and proudly passed on to their successors.

    The regiment also showed itself exceptionally in the Patriotic War of 1812. In the battle of Klyastitsy, the 2nd battalion of the regiment went on the attack directly across the burning bridge, and knocked out the French from their positions.

    For military valor, the regiment received the rank of guards, and at parades the Pavlovites had to march in the very same grenadiers, and with rifles at the ready. The tradition was preserved until the very end of the existence of the Russian Empire. soldier
    1. kalibr
      24 July 2020 16: 11 New
      +5
      There will be miter! We have interesting samples in the local history museum! As soon as they got to us?
      1. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 16: 13 New
        +7
        As soon as they got to us?

        I would venture to suggest ... what they came to you, most likely, sitting on someone's heads! wink
        1. kalibr
          24 July 2020 16: 20 New
          +5
          This is true, but Penza and the mitres of Peter III ... turn out to be very interesting ways.
        2. Mihaylov
          Mihaylov 24 July 2020 16: 29 New
          +6
          Quote: Pan Kohanku
          There will be miter! We have interesting samples in the local history museum! As soon as they got to us?

          ABOUT! did the local history museum profess Mithraism? tongue
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 17: 43 New
            +5
            ABOUT! did the local history museum profess Mithraism?

            Moreover, there are many places in Russia where Zen Buddhism is practiced! drinks I love this cartoonist - Korsun. good
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 24 July 2020 18: 59 New
              +3
              The question of faith is a difficult question ... winked
            2. Korsar4
              Korsar4 24 July 2020 19: 44 New
              +1
              “And numerous yogis wander about.
              They are, however, very difficult to recognize "(c)
  6. Catfish
    Catfish 24 July 2020 14: 41 New
    +9
    As always interesting and exciting, Olegovich - thanks! smile
    A small addition to the trials of cuirasses in France.

    Then, in 1825, a new model was adopted, which, in principle, provided protection against a musket bullet from 40 m. This was explained by the thickness - in the center it was 5,5-5,6 mm, decreasing to the edges to 2,3 mm. The back piece was thin - only 1,2 mm. But as a result, the cuirass came out heavy - from 5,6 to 6,04 kg, depending on the size, one bib + 1,7 - 1,8 kg - backrest, only 8-8,5 kg. It cost the treasury 70 francs.

    I looked for the so-called. "Tyrolean carbine", and found only one, the Fruvirt carbine of 1875, which is a bit late in time.

    1. kalibr
      24 July 2020 16: 22 New
      +4
      Ha, you and I use the same sources. Only I did not write about the Tyrolean carbine. I looked, did not find it, and did not even mention it. The fable "The Elephant-Painter" - it ... teaches a lot, you know.
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 24 July 2020 16: 23 New
        +6
        Mentioned the same, so I climbed to rummage through the network.
        1. kalibr
          24 July 2020 19: 48 New
          +1
          Quote: Sea Cat
          Mentioned the same

          Ay-ay, I forgot. I'm getting old, however ...
  7. Ryazan87
    Ryazan87 24 July 2020 15: 32 New
    +8
    But this is the cuirassier of the French cuirassier of the Napoleonic wars era, pierced by a cannonball. The nucleolus was small, only the size of an orange, and the "hole" was also small, but one can imagine what happened to the poor fellow on whom this cuirass was

    The poor man's name was Antoine-Francois Fauveau, 23 years old, 179 cm tall, 2nd Carabinieri Regiment. He "caught" at Waterloo.
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 24 July 2020 15: 51 New
      +5
      2nd carabinieri regiment.

      pictures for the query "carabinieri" are given by the search completely different.
      From this one:

      Until these bearded men. It's strange. I thought only sappers had beards. what
    2. VIP
      VIP 25 July 2020 15: 26 New
      +2
      Rest in peace. How did this cuirass end up in the museum? After all, this is a "Syrian" cuirass and hardly anyone then thought that it would become a museum relic
  8. kalibr
    24 July 2020 16: 12 New
    +5
    [quote = Ryazanets87] The poor man's name was Antoine-Francois Foveau, 23 years old, 179 cm tall, 2nd Carabinieri regiment. He "caught" at Waterloo.
    Thank! Such information did not come across. It's good that you found!
    1. Ryazan87
      Ryazan87 24 July 2020 18: 38 New
      +3
      here is an interesting scan from the article:
      1. kalibr
        24 July 2020 19: 47 New
        +1
        Where is she from? Edition?
        1. Ryazan87
          Ryazan87 24 July 2020 19: 51 New
          +2
          Excuse me (the whole article on the net can be downloaded without problems):
          1. kalibr
            24 July 2020 21: 14 New
            0
            Thank! I know this edition. This is a translation of books by the British publishing house Osprey. I tried not to use these brochures before, and I myself never referred to them. The translation is very bad. How now I don't know ...
  9. VIP
    VIP 25 July 2020 15: 17 New
    0
    Ale, what about Shpakovsky twice in one day? I'm afraid tomorrow will be "fast day"
  10. Boratsagdiev
    Boratsagdiev 25 July 2020 18: 22 New
    0
    Not a military uniform but "Pret-a-porter".
  11. faterdom
    faterdom 28 July 2020 17: 02 New
    0
    He served in the village. Bear of the Novgorod region. There at that time there were still ruins of arenas and stables of some Life Guards cavalry regiment. And the cemetery looked like a branch of a museum: counts and lieutenants all over the place.