Military Review

Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. France

By May 1940, the French army had 2637 tanks new type. Among them: 314 tanks B1, 210 — D1 and D2, 1070 - R35, AMR, AMC, 308 - H35, 243 - S35, 392 - H38, H39, R40 and 90 FCM tanks. In addition, up to 2000 old FT17 / 18 combat vehicles (of which 800 were combat-ready) during the First World War and six heavy 2Cs were stored in the parks. 600 armored vehicles and 3500 armored personnel carriers and tracked tractors complemented the armored weapons of the ground forces. Almost all of this equipment, both damaged in the course of hostilities and absolutely serviceable, fell into the hands of the Germans.

We can safely say that never before has any army in the world captured as much military equipment and ammunition as the Wehrmacht during the French campaign. Does not know история and examples to trophy weapon in such large numbers was adopted by the victorious army. The case is undoubtedly unique! All this applies to the French tanks, the exact number of which is not even called by German sources.

Repaired and repainted in German camouflage, with crosses on the sides, they fought in the ranks of the enemy army right up to 1945 year. Only a small number of them, located in Africa, as well as in France itself, in 1944, were able to rise again under the French banner. The fate of combat vehicles, forced to act "under a foreign flag," was different.

Some tanks, captured serviceable, used by the Germans during the fighting in France. The bulk of the armored vehicles after the completion of the "French campaign" began to be brought to the specially created parks, where they passed the "inspection" in order to determine the faults. Then the equipment was sent for repair or conversion to French factories, and from there it went to German military units.

However, it didn’t go further than the formation of the four regiments and the headquarters of two brigades in winter 1941. It soon became clear that the units armed with French armored vehicles could not be used in accordance with the tactics of the Wehrmacht’s tank forces. And mainly due to the technical imperfections of captured combat vehicles. As a result, at the end of 1941, all the regiments that had French tanks were re-equipped with German and Czechoslovak war machines. The released trophy equipment was used to recruit numerous separate units and subunits that carried mainly security services in the occupied territories, including SS units and armored trains. The geography of their service was quite extensive: from the islands in the English Channel in the west to Russia in the east and from Norway in the north to Crete in the south. - Much of the combat vehicles were converted into various types of ACS, tractors and special vehicles.

The tactical and technical characteristics had the most direct influence on the use of captured cars. Directly as tanks it was supposed to use only H35 / 39 and S35. Apparently, the decisive factor was their higher speed than the other machines. According to the original plans, they should have been equipped with four tank divisions.

After the end of hostilities in France, all serviceable and faulty R35 tanks were sent to the Renault plant in Paris, where they were inspected or restored. Because of its low speed, the R35 could not be used as a battle tank, and around 100 machines the Germans subsequently sent out to carry security services. 25 of them took part in battles with the Yugoslav partisans. Most of the tanks were equipped with German radio stations. The dome-shaped commander's turret was replaced with a flat double-wing hatch.

The captured French Renault R35 tanks were initially used by the Wehrmacht in their original form, without any changes, with the exception of new colors and identification marks.

The Germans transferred part of R35 to their allies: 109 to Italy and 40 to Bulgaria. In December, the 1940 company in Berlin, Alkett, received an order to rework 200 R35 tanks in SAUs armed with a Czech 47-mm anti-tank gun. As a prototype, a similar ACS was used on the chassis of the German tank Pz.l. In early February, 1941, the first self-propelled gun based on the R35 left the factory floor. The gun was installed in the open-top cabin, located on the site of the dismantled tower. The front sheet of the cabin had a thickness of 25 mm, and onboard - 20 mm. The vertical angle of the gun pointing ranged from -8 ° to + 12 °, the horizontal was 35 °. A German radio station was located in the forage niche. The crew consisted of three people. Combat weight - 10,9 t. In a pilot order, one SPG of this type in 1941 was armed with a German 50-mm anti-tank cannon Cancer 38.

Running in tanks. Trophy Renault R35 with a double-wing hatch instead of a French-style dome-shaped turret and a German radio station during training sessions with recruits in France

Light tank 35R 731 (f) of the special purpose 12 tank company. This company, numbering 25 tanks, led counterguerrilla actions in the Balkans. To increase the patency of all cars were equipped with "tails"

200 ordered 174 machines manufactured as ACS, and 26 - as a commander. At the last, the gun was not installed, and its embrasure in the frontal heading was absent. Instead of a cannon mounted machine gun MG34 in the ball-mounted installation Kugelblende 30.

The remaining R35 tanks after dismantling the towers served in the Wehrmacht as artillery towers for 150-mm howitzers and 210-mm mortars. The towers were installed on the Atlantic shaft as fixed firing points.

Trophy German tank 35R 731 (f) during the tests at the NIBTPolygon in Kubinka near Moscow. 1945 year

German self-propelled gun with 47-mm Czechoslovak anti-tank gun on the chassis of the French tank R35

As mentioned above, the Hotchkiss H35 and H39 tanks (in the Wehrmacht they were designated 35Н and 38Н) were used by the Germans as ... tanks. They also installed double-winged tower hatches and installed German radios. The cars converted in this way entered into service with the German occupying units in Norway, on Crete and in Lapland. In addition, they were intermediate weapons in the formation of new tank divisions of the Wehrmacht, for example, 6, 7 and 10. As of May 31, the 1943 of the year in the Wehrmacht, Luftwaffe, SS forces and others was operated by 355 tanks 35Н and 38Н.

15 machines of this type were transferred to Hungary in the 1943 year, another 19, in Bulgaria to the 1944 year. A few 38H received Croatia.

The 1943 - 1944 60 chassis tanks "Hotchkis" was converted into 75-mm self-propelled anti-tank gun. Instead of the removed tower on the tank hull, an impressive top-open cabin was mounted, in which the 75-mm Cannon 40 cannon was mounted. The thickness of the frontal armor plates of the cabin was 20 mm, onboard - 10 mm. With a crew of four, the combat mass of the machines was equal to 12,5 t. The Baukommando Becker enterprise (apparently, the army repair plant) was engaged in the conversion of tanks into self-propelled guns.

At the same enterprise, 48 “hot points” were converted into self-propelled guns, armed with an 105-mm howitzer. Externally, it was similar to the previous car, but in its cabin was placed the 105-mm howitzer leFH 18 / 40. Vertical homing angles ranged from -2 ° to + 22 °. The crew consisted of five people. 12 self-propelled guns of this type entered service 200-th division of assault guns.

Part of the captured tanks R35 was converted into artillery and evacuation tractors. The military alteration attracts attention - driver's cabin

French tanks R35, H35 and FT17 in one of the German fleets of captured vehicles. France, 1940 year

Trophy tank 38H (f) one of the parts of the Luftwaffe. The machine is armed with an 37-mm SA18 gun, equipped with a “tail” and a radio station

The tanks 38H (f) of the 2 th battalion of the 202 th tank regiment during training sessions in France. 1941 year. On all machines, dome-shaped commander's turrets were replaced with hatches with double-wing covers; German radio stations were installed

For units armed with self-propelled guns on the basis of the Hotchkis tanks, the 24 tank was converted into vehicles of advanced artillery observers, the so-called grosser Funk-und Befehlspanzer 38H (f). A small amount of 38H was used for training purposes, as tractors, ammunition carriers and BREM. It is interesting to note the attempt to strengthen the firepower of the tank by installing four launch frames for 280- and 320-mm missiles. At the initiative of the 205 Tank Battalion (Pz. Abt. 205) thus equipped 11 tanks.

After the rearmament of the 201 — 204 of the tank regiments with German armored vehicles, the captured French tanks carried guard service in almost all theaters of operations. These two tanks Hotchkiss H39 photographed on a snowy road in Russia. March 1942 of the year

Trophy German tank 38H (f) on the NIBTPygonist in Kubinka. 1945 year. It is noteworthy that this machine is covered with "cimetrit"

Due to their small size, the FCM36 tanks were not used by the Wehrmacht for their intended purpose. 48 machines were converted into self-propelled artillery units: 24 - with 75-mm anti-tank cannon 40 Cancer, the rest - with 105-mm howitzer leFH 16. All self-propelled guns were made in Baukommando Becker. Eight anti-tank self-propelled guns, as well as several 105-mm self-propelled howitzers, entered service with the 200 division of assault guns, included in the 21 armored division. Part of the self-propelled guns and received the so-called Fast Brigade "West" - Schnellen Brigade West.

Light tank 38H (f) during training sessions in one of the parts of the Wehrmacht in Norway. 1942 year

The trophy French tank 38H (f) during one of the counterguerrilla operations in the mountains of Yugoslavia. 1943 year

The tank 38H (f) during training sessions hits a smoke grenade. The 211 Tank Battalion, which included this machine, was stationed in Finland in the 1941 — 1945 years

The Germans were not used at all and the few medium-sized D2 tanks they got. It is only known that their towers were installed on Croatian armored trains.

As for the SOMUA medium tanks, most of the 297 units captured by the Germans under the designation Pz.Kpfw.35S 739 (f) were included in the Wehrmacht tank units. SOMUA underwent some modernization: German radio stations Fu 5 were installed on them and the commander's tower was equipped with a double-wing hatch (but not all the machines were subjected to this alteration). In addition, they added a fourth crew member, a radio operator, and the loader moved to the tower, where there were now two people. These tanks acted primarily on staffing tank regiments (100, 201, 202, 203, 204 Panzer-Regiment) and separate tank battalion (202, 205, 206, 211, 212, 213, 214, 223 Panzer-Abteilung). Most of these units were stationed in France and served as a reserve for the replenishment of the Wehrmacht’s tank units.

For example, at the beginning of 1943, on the basis of the 100 Tank Regiment (armed mainly with S35 tanks), the 21 Tank Division was again formed, completely defeated by Red Army units near Stalingrad. The revived division was stationed in Normandy, in June 1944 of the year after the Allied landings in France took an active part in the battles.

In the 205 tank battalion, the 11 38H tanks (f) were equipped with launching frames for 280- and 320-mm missiles. The photo on the left captures the moment of the shot.

Four launch frames were attached to each 38H (f) tank. The photo shows how Feldwebel screws a fuse into a missile.

As of 1 July 1943, the operating parts of the Wehrmacht (not counting warehouses and parks) had 144 SOMUA: in the Army Group Center - 2, in Yugoslavia - 43, in France - 67, in Norway - 16 (as part of 211- Tank Battalion), in Finland - 16 (as part of the 214 Tank Battalion). On 26 March 1945, the German tank units still counted five 35S tanks operating against the Anglo-American forces on the Western Front.

It should be noted that a number of SOMUA tanks were used by the Germans to combat partisans and guard rear facilities, 60 units were converted into artillery tractors (they removed the turret and upper front part of the hull), and 15 vehicles entered the armored trains No. 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30. Structurally, these armored trains consisted of a semi-armored locomotive, two armored platforms open at the top for infantry and three special platforms with ramps for S35 tanks.

An American soldier inspects captured tank 38H (f). 1944 year

38H (f) Advanced Artillery Observer Machine

105-mm self-propelled howitzer leFH 18 on the chassis of a light tank 38H (f)

Self-propelled artillery installation Marder I, armed with an 75-mm anti-tank gun Cancer 40

Marder I on the Eastern Front. Eve of Operation Citadel, June 1943

Tanks of armored train No. 28 took part in the storming of the Brest Fortress, for which they had to leave their platforms. 23 June 1941, one of these cars was hit by hand grenades at the North Gate of the fortress, and another S35 was damaged by anti-aircraft gun fire. The third tank broke into the central courtyard of the citadel, where it was hit by gunners of the 333 Infantry Regiment. The Germans managed to evacuate two cars immediately. After repair, they again participated in the battles. In particular, 27 of June one of them was used by the Germans against the Eastern Fort. The tank fired at the embrasures of the fort, as a result, as stated in the report of the headquarters of the 45 German Infantry Division, the Russians began to behave more quietly, but the continuous shooting of snipers continued from the most unexpected places.

As part of the mentioned armored trains, the S35 tanks were operated up to the 1943 year, when they were replaced with the Czechoslovakian Pz.38 (t).

Field Marshal E. Rommel (far left) inspects the unit of self-propelled anti-tank guns Marder I. France, 1944 year.

SAU with 75-mm gun based on the FCM (f) tank in the factory workshop

After the occupation of France, the Germans repaired and brought back into service the 161 heavy tank B1 bis, which received the designation Pz.Kpfw in the Wehrmacht. B2 740 (f). Most of the vehicles retained their standard weapons, but German radio stations were installed, and the commander's turret was replaced with a simple hatch with a double-wing cover. With several tanks removed the tower and dismantled all the weapons. In this form they were used to train driver mechanics.

In March 1941, the company Rheinmetall-Borsig in Düsseldorf remade 16 combat vehicles into self-propelled units, having mounted an armored wheelhouse with an 105-mm howitzer leFH 18 on top of the previous armament and turret.

105-mm self-propelled howitzer based on captured French tank FCM.

The internal volume of the open top armor felling. You can clearly see the placement of ammunition

On the basis of French heavy tanks, the Germans created a large number of flamethrowing fighting vehicles. At a meeting with Hitler 26 in May 1941, the possibility of arming B2 trophy tanks with flamethrowers was discussed. The Fuhrer ordered the formation of two companies, staffed by such machines. On the first 24 B2 installed flamethrowers of the same system as the German Pz.ll (F), working on compressed nitrogen. The flamethrower was located inside the body, in the place of the removed 75-mm gun. All tanks were sent to the 10 Battalion, formed on June 20 of the year 1941. It consisted of two companies, each, except for the 12 flamethrower machines, had three support tanks (linear B2 armed with an 75-mm cannon). The 102 Battalion arrived on the Eastern Front on June 23 and was subordinated to the headquarters of the 17 Army, whose divisions stormed the Peremyshl fortified area.

The first tanks S35, prepared for service in the Wehrmacht. The tanks are painted gray, equipped with radio stations and Notek headlights. On the starboard side, the boxes are shaped for ammunition.

A column of tanks 35S (f) one of the parts of the Wehrmacht passes under the Arc de Triomphe in Paris. 1941 year

The tank 35S (f) from the 204 of the German tank regiment. Crimea, 1942 year

Captured by the Red Army tank 35S (f) at the exhibition of captured equipment in the Gorky Park of Culture and Defense in Moscow. July 1943 of the year

German armored train number 28 (Panzerzug Nr.28). Eastern front, summer 1941 of the year. The structure of this armored train consisted of three special platforms (Panzertragerwagen) with S35 tanks. In the photo above, the tank attachment points on the platform are clearly visible. A folding ramp, through which the tank could get off the ground, laid on the ballast platform. Behind the platform with the tank is visible platform covered with a canvas for infantry.

She, but without the tarpaulin

24 June 1941, the battalion supported the advance of the 24 Infantry Division. June 26 attacks were continued, but this time in conjunction with the 296 Infantry Division. 29 June with the participation of flamethrowing tanks began the assault on the Soviet pillboxes. The report of the 2 battalion commander of the 520 Infantry Regiment allows you to restore the picture of the battlefield. In the evening of June 28, the 102 Battalion of flamethrower tanks reached the indicated initial positions. At the sound of tank engines, the enemy opened fire with cannons and machine guns, but there were no casualties. With a delay caused by thick fog, 5.55 cm Flak 29 June Flak fired direct fire on embrasures of bunkers in 8,8 June. Anti-aircraft gunners fired up to 7.04 when most embrasures were struck and silenced. On the green rocket 102-th battalion of flamethrower tanks went on the attack in 7.05. Engineering units escorted tanks. Their task was to establish high-explosive charges under the fortifications of the enemy. When some pillboxes opened fire, the sappers were forced to take refuge in an anti-tank ditch. 88-mm anti-aircraft guns and other heavy weapons returned fire. The engineers were able to achieve the assigned goals, to lay down and undermine the high-explosive charges. Dots were heavily damaged by 88-mm guns and fired only periodically. The flamethrower tanks were able to get very close to the pillboxes, but the defenders of the fortifications offered desperate resistance, knocking down two of them from the 76-mm gun. Both cars burned down, but the crews managed to leave them. The flamethrower tanks did not manage to hit the pillboxes, since the combustible mixture could not penetrate through the ball mounts. Defenders of the fortifications continued to fire.

Tank S35 on the platform of the armored train № 28. Clearly visible armor cover chassis

The tank 35S (f) of the commander of the 2 th company of the 214 th tank battalion. Norway, 1942 year

Commander's tank, equipped with a second radio station (its loop antenna is mounted on the roof of the logistics). Instead of the weapon its wooden model is installed. France, 1941 year

The white-painted medium tank 35S (f) from the 211 German tank battalion. The identification mark for the machines of this battalion was a colored strip printed around the perimeter of the tower.

Tank 35S (f) from the 100-th tank regiment in Normandy. 1944 year

35S (f) 6 Company of the 100 Tank Regiment of the 21 Tank Division. Normandy, 1944 year. By the time the Allies landed, the rearmament of the regiment with tanks Pz.IV had not yet been completed, so captured French tanks went into battle

June 30 The 102 Battalion was handed over to the direct subordination of the 17 Army headquarters, and on July 27 it was disbanded.

The further development of the German tank flamethrowers took place using the same Pz.B2. For new types of weapons used by the pump, operating from the engine J10. These flamethrowers had a range of up to 45 m, the supply of combustible mixture allowed to produce 200 shots. They were installed in the same place - in the case. The tank with combustible mixture was placed on the back of the armor. At Daimler-Benz, we developed a scheme for improving the booking of a tank, a flamethrower at Kebe, and Wegmann made a final assembly.

Training sessions with captured French Blbis tanks in the Wehrmacht 100 reserve tank battalion. France, 1941 year (right). One of the B2 (f) 213 tank battalion tanks. 1944 year. The combat vehicles of this unit, stationed in the Channel Islands, met the end of the Second World War, never having been in battle

It was planned to re-equip in this way ten B2 tanks in December 1941, and the next ten - in January 1942. In fact, the release of flamethrowing machines was much slower: although five units were ready in November, only three were succeeded in manufacturing in December, three more in March 1942, two in April, three in May, and finally June - the last four. It is not known about the further course of work, because the order for rework was sent to French enterprises.

In all, 1941 - 1942 produced around 60 flamethrower tanks B2 (FI). Together with other V2 they were in service with quite a few parts of the German army. So, for example, as of 31 in May, 1943, in the 223 tank battalion, there was an 16 B2 (of which 12 was flame-throwing); in the 100-th tank brigade - 34 (24); in the 213 tank battalion, 36 (10); in the mountain division of the SS "Prince Eugene" - 17 B2 and B2 (FI).

B2 used in the Wehrmacht until the end of the war, especially in the troops located in France. In February, the 1945 of the year was still around 40 such tanks.

Serial flamethrower tank B2 (F1) from the 213-th tank battalion. The installation of the flamethrower and the viewing device of the gunner-flamethrower are clearly visible.

Flamer B2 tank (F1) in battle. The firing range of the flamethrower reached 45 m

As for the French tanks of other brands, they were practically not used by the Wehrmacht, although many of them received German designations. The exception is, perhaps, only a light reconnaissance tank AMR 35ZT. Some of these machines that had no combat value in the 1943 - 1944 years were converted into self-propelled mortars. The turret from the tank was dismantled, and in its place, a box-shaped cabin opened from above and behind was welded from 10-mm armor plates. In the wheelhouse installed 81-mm mortar Granatwerfer 34. The crew of the car - four people, the combat weight was 9 t.

The story of the use of captured French tanks in the Wehrmacht would be incomplete without mentioning FT17 / 18. As a result of the 1940 campaign of the year, the Germans captured the 704 of the Renault FT tank, of which only about 500 was in good condition. Some of the cars were repaired under the designation Pz.Kpfw. 17R 730 (f) or 18R 730 (f) (tanks with a cast turret) was used for patrol and security services. Renault also served to train the driver of German units in France. Some disarmed vehicles were used as mobile command and observation posts. In April, the 1941 of the year, a hundred "Renault" FT with 37-mm guns were allocated to strengthen the armored trains. They were fastened to railway platforms, thus obtaining additional armored cars. These armored trains patrolled the roads along the English Channel. In June, 1941, a number of armored trains with Renault were allocated to fight the partisans in the occupied territories. Five tanks on railway platforms used to protect roads in Serbia. For the same purpose, several Renault were used in Norway. Constantly exploited captured Renault and Luftwaffe, who used them (about 100 units in total) in the protection of airfields, as well as for clearing the runways. To do this, dozer dumps were installed on several tanks without towers.

80-mm self-propelled mortar based on a light tank AMR 34ZT (f)

In 1941, the 20 towers of the Renault FT with 37-mm cannons were installed on concrete foundations on the English Channel.

After the defeat of France, a significant number of French armored cars fell into the hands of the Germans. However, most of them were outdated designs and did not meet the requirements of the Wehrmacht. The Germans rushed to get rid of such cars and handed them over to their allies. As a result, the German army used only one type of French armored car - AMD Panhard 178.

More 200 such machines under the designation Pz.Spah. 204 (f) entered the field forces and SS units, and 43 was converted into armored rubber. On the latter, a German radio station was installed with a frame type antenna. 22 June 1941 of the year on the Eastern Front there was a Pan-ditch 190, of which 107 were lost by the end of the year. As of June 1943, the Wehrmacht still had 30 machines on the Eastern Front and 33 - on the Western. In addition, part of the armored cars by this time transferred to the security divisions.

The French Vichy government received permission from the Germans to retain a small number of armored vehicles of this type, but at the same time they demanded the dismantlement of regular 25-mm guns. In November, during the Nazi invasion of the “free” zone (unoccupied south of France), these cars were seized and used for police functions, and the Germans armed themselves with a 1942-mm tank gun in part of the “Panars” that did not have towers.

A group of captured French tanks FT17 of one of the Luftwaffe units. These outdated combat vehicles, which had limited mobility, were nevertheless successfully used to protect the rear airfields.

Some of the FT17 tanks were used by the Germans as fixed firing points - a kind of bunkers. This tank is installed at a roadblock at a road junction near Dieppe in 1943. In the foreground - a German soldier near the captured French machine gun Hotchkiss mod. 1914 (in the Wehrmacht - sMG 257 (f)

Very actively used by the Germans and a large number of fleet of French artillery towers and armored personnel carriers, which included both wheeled and tracked and semi-tracked vehicles. And if the Citroen P19 semi-tracked vehicles were operated in the Zapad brigade without any major alterations, then many other models of equipment have undergone significant changes.

For example, the Germans used the French four-wheel drive two- and three-axle specialized army trucks Laffly V15 and W15. These machines were operated in various parts of the Wehrmacht mainly in pristine condition. However, in the Zapad brigade 24, the W15T truck was converted into mobile radio stations, and several vehicles were equipped with armored hulls, turning it into wheeled armored personnel carriers.

From 1941 in the German troops stationed in France, as an artillery tractor for 75-mm anti-tank guns, 105-mm light field howitzers and mortars, personnel transporter, ambulance and radio vehicles, ammunition carrier and equipment were used to carry trophy body data. Р107 - leichter Zugkraftwagen U304 (f). Only in the brigade "West" of these machines, there were more than a hundred. In 1943, some of their number was equipped with an armored body with an open-top body (for this, the chassis frame had to be extended to 350 mm) and reclassified into armored personnel carriers - leichter Schutzenpanzerwagen U304 (f), which are close in size to the German Sd.Kfz.250. At the same time, some of the cars had open, and some - closed cases. Several armored personnel carriers armed a 37 36 anti-tank cannon with a regular shield.

Panhard AMD178 armored car in the 39 th anti-tank battalion of the 3 st German tank division. Summer 1940 of the year. For unknown reasons, the car does not have a turret, two MG34 machine guns are used as weapons

Pan-hard 178 (f) trophy armored vehicles were also used in police forces in the occupied territories. Armored car in the course of "restoring order" in the Russian village

Armored Panhard 178 (f), equipped with a new, open-top turret with 50-mm KwK L42 cannon. 1943 year

A number of tractors were converted into semi-armored ZSU, armed with 20-mm anti-aircraft machine Cancer 38. An even larger series (72 units) at Baukommando Becker produced an armored ZSU with similar weapons. These cars also entered service with the brigade "West".

Heavier semi-tracked tractors SOMUA MCL - Zugkraftwagen S303 (f) and SOMUA MCG - Zugkraftwagen S307 (f) were used as artillery tractors. Some of them in the 1943 year were also equipped with an armored corps. At the same time they were supposed to be used as armored tractors - mittlerer gepanzerter Zugkraftwagen S303 (f), and as armored personnel carriers - mittlerer Schutzenpanzerwagen S307 (f). In addition, combat vehicles were created on their base: m SPW S307 (f) mit Reihenwerfer - a self-propelled multi-barreled mortar (36 units manufactured); on the stern of the vehicle, a double-row package of 16 French 81-mm mortar barrels was mounted on a special frame; 7,5 cm Cancer 40 auf m SPW S307 (f) - self-propelled 75-mm anti-tank gun (manufactured by 72 units); armored ammunition carrier (manufactured by 48 units); engineering vehicle equipped with special walkways for overcoming ditches; 8 cm Raketenwerfer auf m.gep.Zgkw. S303 (f) - rocket launcher with a package of guides for launching 48 rockets, copied from the Soviet 82-mm launcher BM-8-24 (manufactured by 6 units); 8-cm schwerer Reihenwerfer auf m.gep Zgkw. S303 (f) is a self-propelled multi-barreled mortar (manufactured by 16 units) with a package of 20 trunks of captured French mortar Granatwerfer 278 (f).

Radio-based Panhard 178 (f) of the 1-th Panzer Division of the SS "Leybshtan-dart Adolf Hitler." Instead of a turret, the machine is equipped with a fixed wheelhouse, in the front sheet of which the MG34 machine gun is mounted.

Armored car Trolley Panhard 178 (f). Machines of this type were attached to armored trains and were intended for reconnaissance. Like the German armored cars, the captured French armored car is equipped with a frame antenna, the mounting method of which did not hinder the circular rotation of the turret.

All of these combat vehicles were used by the Wehrmacht and the SS troops during the fighting in France in 1944 year.

Of the purely tracked French combat vehicles captured and widely used by the Germans, the Renault UE multipurpose transporter (Infanterieschlepper UE 630 (f)) was the first to be mentioned. Initially, it was used as a lightweight tractor for transporting equipment and ammunition (including on the Eastern Front With an armored cab and armed with a machine gun UE 630 (f), was used for police and security functions. In parts of the Luftwaffe several vehicles were equipped with one or even two logging with MG34 machine guns and used for the protection of airfields, Some hundreds were converted into anti-tank installations for infantry units - 3,7 cm 36 (Sf) auf Infanterieschlepper UE 630 (f) cancer. At the same time, the upper machine and the cannon shield remained unchanged. Another 40 transporters were equipped with a special armored cabin located in the stern, where the radio station was located, they were used as communication and surveillance vehicles in units armed with captured French tanks. Several tractors were converted into cable layers. In 1943, almost all machines that had not been altered earlier were equipped with heavy jet mines - 28 / 32 cm Wurfrahmen (Sf) auf Infanterieschlepper UE 630 (f).

Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. France

Wheeled armored personnel carriers, made in the brigade "West" on the basis of the French all-wheel drive trucks Laffly W15T. At the left - with the withdrawn second bridge, on the right - on the original chassis

U304 light armored personnel carriers (f). At the top - a staff armored personnel carrier with two radio stations, below - a company commander's car, armed with an 37-mm anti-tank cannon 36 cancer and a MG34 machine gun on an anti-aircraft gun

Armored personnel carrier U304 (f) on the way to the front line. Normandy, 1944 year

Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun based on the U304 (f), armed with a 20-mm automatic anti-aircraft gun Flak 38. Car tows a trailer with ammunition

A battery of semi-armored ZSU on the U304 chassis (f) during the development of a combat training task. France, 1943 year

Combat vehicles based on Somua S307 (f) artillery tractor: 75-mm self-propelled anti-tank gun

16-barrel self-propelled mortar

Self-propelled launcher on the chassis of the tractor S303 (f) - 8-cm-Raketenwerfer. These machines were made to order the SS troops.

At first, the 300 was not actively exploited by the Lorraine 37L tracked armored troop-carriers in the Wehrmacht. Attempting to use them for the transport of various goods was not very successful: with a weight of 6 t, the carrying capacity of the tractor was only 800 kg. Therefore, already in 1940, the first attempts were made to re-equip these machines in an ACS: 47-mm French anti-tank guns were mounted on several tractors. The massive re-equipment of self-propelled units began in the year 1942. The Lorraine 37L chassis produced three types of ACS: 7,5 cm Cancer 40 / 1 auf Lorraine Schlepper (f) Marder I (Sd.Kfz.135) - self-propelled 75-mm anti-tank gun (manufactured by 179 units); 15 cm sFH 13 / 1 auf Lorraine Schlepper (f) (Sd.Kfz. 135 / 1) - self-propelled 150-mm howitzer (manufactured by 94 units); 10,5 cm leFH 18 / 4 auf Lorraine Schlepper (f) - 105-mm self-propelled howitzer (manufactured by 12 units).

All these self-propelled guns were structurally and externally similar to each other and differed from each other basically only in the artillery system, which was located in the box-shaped cabin open at the top of the car.

Self-propelled guns on the Lorraine chassis were also used by the Germans on the Eastern Front and in North Africa, and in France in the 1944 year.
The structure of one of the German armored trains included an ACS on the chassis of the Lorraine Schlepper (f), in which the Soviet 122-mm MZO howitzer was installed in the standard wheelhouse.

On the basis of the Lorraine, the Germans created the 30 fully armored surveillance and communication vehicles.

Self-propelled launcher for 280- and 320-mm missiles on the chassis of the captured French light tractor Renault UE (f). The second installation option included mounting the launch frames along the sides of the machine body.

A mobile command and observation post, made on the basis of a light tractor UE (f). There was a stereo tube and a radio station in a rectangular wheelhouse located in the stern of the car body.

The most successful version of the redesign of the French light tractor Penault UE (f) - self-propelled artillery, armed with 37-mm anti-tank cannon 36 cancer

75-mm self-propelled anti-tank gun based on the artillery tractor Lorraine-S (f). In the army, these systems were called Marder I

The machine of advanced artillery observers, a mobile command post on the basis of an artillery tractor Lorraine-S (f). 30 of such vehicles entered service with artillery batteries equipped with self-propelled guns based on this French tractor.

75-mm self-propelled anti-tank gun Marder I in firing position. East Front, 1943 year

150-mm 15-cm-sFH 13 / 1 self-propelled howitzer based on Lorraine-S artillery tractor (f). Spare support rollers 105-mm self-propelled howitzer are hung on the front walls of the armored open-top cabin

10,5-cm-leFH 18 / 4 based on the artillery tractor Lorraine-S (f)

Battery 105-mm self-propelled howitzers on the march. France, 1943 year
Articles from this series:
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Poland
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Belgium
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Netherlands
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. France
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Great Britain
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. USA
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. the USSR
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Italy
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  1. Dima190579
    Dima190579 24 May 2013 08: 16 New
    Yeah, the Wehrmacht took a lot of tanks from France.
  2. bairat
    bairat 24 May 2013 08: 29 New
    Why didn’t we guess in this way to use our light tanks?
    1. Per se.
      Per se. 24 May 2013 09: 38 New
      Quote: bairat
      Why didn’t we guess
      We must understand that before the war, self-propelled guns were underestimated, preferring directly tanks. AT-1, if it came to mass production, would be a good help for the infantry, instead of the T-26.
      1. Yemelya
        Yemelya 24 May 2013 22: 50 New
        It would be better, in my opinion, to launch the Su-5 into a mass production.
      2. StolzSS
        StolzSS 25 May 2013 09: 55 New
        This is difficult to unambiguously assess ... perhaps a mortar based on the T-26 would be more useful for infantry ...
    2. Yemelya
      Yemelya 24 May 2013 22: 48 New
      A little redo, although not too successful:
    3. Avenger711
      Avenger711 24 May 2013 23: 15 New
      Because the tank is better and the tasks are solved by others.
      1. Yemelya
        Yemelya 24 May 2013 23: 27 New
        Quote: Avenger711
        Because the tank is better and the tasks are solved by others.

        It was about obsolete tanks, which for their intended purpose was already problematic to use.
  3. UPStoyan
    UPStoyan 24 May 2013 08: 37 New
    Interesting and informative. A lot of factual material. Thank.
  4. Kars
    Kars 24 May 2013 09: 40 New
    1. Kars
      Kars 24 May 2013 09: 41 New
  5. omsbon
    omsbon 24 May 2013 09: 52 New
    France blew up both war and equipment, but thanks to the Soviet Union, it was among the victorious countries, which they have already forgotten.
    Of the photographs presented, I liked the photo with the tank for the protection of the railway on a pair of wheels, originally.
  6. Greyfox
    Greyfox 24 May 2013 10: 13 New
    When visiting the Artillery Museum in St. Petersburg, I remember in one of the sections devoted to the defense of the city there was a photograph of a French tank with crosses - I just don’t remember exactly which one, but it seems S35.
    And he himself was shooting these in Kubinka.
  7. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 24 May 2013 10: 48 New
    The Germans used everything that came to them, why did good disappear?
    1. bairat
      bairat 24 May 2013 11: 12 New
      And got into problems with spare parts.
      1. Standard Oil
        Standard Oil 24 May 2013 12: 12 New
        Well, with German pedantry, I’m sure that some parts were disassembled for spare parts so that later they could be used for repair. And in the case of Czech equipment and spare parts there were no problems, and Vichy could also be shaken with respect to the French if something happened.
        1. Alex
          Alex 19 August 2013 18: 23 New
          Yes, there was no need to shake anyone: the French themselves quite voluntarily and with greater productivity (+ 25%) worked for the Germans. It was they who later, in 1945, they began to shave their heads for prostitutes and beat themselves in the chest with their fist.

          And those few poppies do not count, like all the so-called French Resistance, too.
      2. postman
        postman 24 May 2013 12: 12 New
        Quote: bairat
        And got into problems with spare parts.


        June 22, 1940 France capitulated to Germany. and even after Operation Neptune was completed, French industry worked for Germany

        “Industry and the economy continued to work rhythmically, trucks for the Wehrmacht uninterruptedly rolled off the assembly line at the Renault enterprises in Boulogne Billancourt,” says the assistant to the head of German military intelligence, Admiral Canaris Otto Rale, in 1944. “And many other enterprises produced French without any pressure volumes and without complaint, products for our military industry. ” ("The Secret War. Secret Abwehr Operations in the West and East (1921-1945)"

        March 1939 the beginning of the German occupation Czechoslovakia - until the end of hostilities in Europe in May 1945 / military concerns Skoda, ČKD and Zbroevka /
        Czech industry produced not only spare parts for the Wehrmacht, but also tanks.

        The German and Slovak armies received 308 light tanks LT-35, 21 also intended for Lithuania light LT-40, 70 AH-1 tankette and 75 armored vehicles. Czechoslovakia previously delivered another 126 LT-35 and 48 AH-1 to Romania, which joined the Hitler bloc. Basically, they were not inferior to German cars. Moreover, the LT-35 with a 37-mm cannon was significantly stronger than the machine-gun T-Is that were the basis of the Reich tank fleet and armed with a 20-mm T-II gun.

        Czech tanks, renamed 35 (t), became the main vehicle of the illustrious 6th Wehrmacht Panzer Division, for the unprecedented speed of advancement, nicknamed “ghostly” in France.

        More than 1,4 million rifles and pistols, over 62 thousand machine guns, about 4 thousand guns and mortars, and a huge amount of other military equipment were received from the Czechs. By September 1, 1939, five infantry divisions (from 93rd to 96th and 98th) were equipped with Czech weapons, excluding other units and divisions. With Czech rifles and guns, the Slovak corps of two infantry divisions and motorized brigades, which participated in the invasion of Poland, also went into battle. The following year, four more infantry divisions - the 81st, 82nd, 83rd and 88th - received Czech arms and equipment, and by the beginning of World War II the number of formations fully or partially equipped with Czech arms manufacturers had increased several times.
        From January to March 1945, out of 3922 tanks and self-propelled guns made for the Euro-Hitler troops, the Czechs gave 1136, almost a third

        Anschluss in Austria

        "Steyr-Daimler-Pooh" and a number of other enterprises pleased the Wehrmacht and its allies until the capture of Austria by Soviet troops. From here, the troops of Europe united around Germany received over 10 thousand tanks and armored vehicles, including the world's most powerful heavy self-propelled guns, Ferdinand and Jagdtigr, 9 thousand aircraft, 17 thousand aircraft engines and more than 12 thousand artillery mounts of various calibers.
        1. bairat
          bairat 24 May 2013 13: 31 New
          When you have 150 types of trucks, tanks and tractors, it is very difficult to have a supply of necessary spare parts. I read a lot about how the Germans suffered with this, in particular, from the foothills of the Caucasus, we went to warehouses located in Poland to find the right little thing.
          1. postman
            postman 24 May 2013 14: 25 New
            Quote: bairat
            When you have 150 kinds of trucks,

            But what about the landlord ones? This is not the Czech Republic, which is at hand, это за ОКЕАНОМ+ "реквием" конвою. How not to suffer?

            The Red Army, equipped according to the Soviet state system of planned economy, on the contrary, had only three types of trucks - a five-ton YAG-6, three-ton ZIS5 and a half-ton GAZ-AA.

            The USSR Ministry of Automotive Industry released during the war years about 240 cars, the total number of received British, American and Canadian cars for this period amounted to 477 units, apart from the huge number of spare parts that would be enough to assemble several thousand more machines.
            GMC truck, Willys and Ford GRW, Studebaker US-6, AEC, Bedford, Albion, Austin and Scammel, Willys, Dodge, WC-51 (T214), Internationa, etc.
            Tanks, planes, ships - just will not retell.
          2. postman
            postman 24 May 2013 14: 31 New
            Quote: bairat
            When you have 150 types of trucks, tanks and tractors, it is very difficult to have a supply of necessary spare parts.

            This is not the problem, all the more so with ideal European statistics, and the OBSESSION of Sabotage (Uncle Peugeot’s joke didn’t count, avoided the gallows, reasonably).
            Problem: Ach, ihr Wege - trostlos, endlos weite

            The Wehrmacht possessed vehicles representing the automotive industry of all previously conquered European countries: French Renault, Peugeot, Laffly, Licorne and Hotchkiss, Czechoslovak Tatra, Praga and Skoda, Austrian Austro Daimler, Saurer, Buessing and Steyr, Danish DAF. Even trucks managed to get into service in the Wehrmacht Ford Canadian production, which the coalition forces abandoned in Dunkirk during a hasty evacuation from the continent - brand new cars only changed their identifying signs by drawing crosses on the doors.

            Difficulties began almost immediately after crossing the border. “After the tremendous success that we achieved on the first day of the offensive, the events of the second day fell short of expectations. And the reason was not at all in the enemy’s actions and not in the mistakes of our troops and command, but in the difficulties associated with the terrain. All the highways marked on maps that led from west to east turned out to be field roads. Movement on them - especially French-made vehicles - was almost impossible. Cars, passing on deep sand or overcoming steep climbs, got stuck all the time and stopped the columns following them, since the possibility of a detour on forest roads was completely excluded.

            From constant slippage and overloads on engines and transmissions, a working resource was spent, which then was not so big
            Winter - there were no suitable fuels and lubricants

            In wartime Germany was unable to produce a sufficient number of tanks and spare parts for them. For almost the entire period of active hostilities, the tank units of the Wehrmacht experienced an acute shortage of both the tanks themselves and the parts, components and assemblies for them. By the summer of 1942, the shortage of spare parts reached a critical point and was no longer overcome until the very end of the war.
      3. Setrac
        Setrac 25 May 2013 00: 03 New
        Quote: bairat
        And got into problems with spare parts.

        Factories in France, France in the Third Reich, what are the problems with spare parts?
  8. RoadRunner
    RoadRunner 24 May 2013 13: 05 New
    I really liked the article, many thanks to the author.
    I look forward to continuing.
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. cobalt
    cobalt 24 May 2013 15: 23 New
    The author is a great fellow, I read his articles with pleasure, a very good study of rare material. And the Germans, as always, are extremely practical, all in business. There is also such a part of the history of this war about how they used our technology. I hope Michael will also cover it in detail.
  11. Yemelya
    Yemelya 24 May 2013 18: 45 New
    The Germans did not even use the few D2 medium tanks

    One, at least, was still used. Already in 1945. It was captured by the Red Army:
  12. Yemelya
    Yemelya 24 May 2013 18: 54 New
    Насчёт фоток, где 75мм на базе "Гочкиса", разве они тоже "Мардер I" назывались?
  13. Zhaman-Urus
    Zhaman-Urus 24 May 2013 19: 58 New
    Огромная страна, именовавшаяся "Великой Европейскойдержавой" пала а точнее легла как дещёвая шлюха за пару недель, под своего врага практические не воюя. Представьте после парада Вермахта на Красной площади русские тихо мироно работают на врага, работают кафешки и бардели, есть свой президент Виши. Тьфу и слава Богу , что "Запад есть Запад а Восток есть Восток" и "Умом Россию не понять". Чувствовать себя грязью в своей стране и лизать сапоги врага убеждая себя в том что так и надо? Скажу за себя лучше хоть одного грохнуть , лучше втихую, что бы потом иметь возможность загрызть ещё и второго чем жить как грязь под ногами.
    1. postman
      postman 25 May 2013 04: 17 New
      Quote: Zhaman-Urus
      Огромная страна, именовавшаяся "Великой Европейскойдержавой"

      This is particular. Nevertheless, usury capital has corrupted the nation. The French do not occupy valor.

      Britain was left alone in Europe (except for the USSR, which was in a coalition against Hitler)

      Чуть меньшая страна,именовавшаяся "Третьим Рейхом" сражалась ПРОТИВ ВСЕХ( даже бывшие союзники против),до последнего.
      Quote: Zhaman-Urus
      I’ll say for myself it’s better to bang at least one, it’s better to quietly, so that later I would be able to gnaw even the second than to live like dirt under my feet.

      And if under the occupants, mother, wife, children ....
      The choice is the choice upon the event, as well as bragging and verbiage(knowing that the probability of this event tends to 0)
      1. Zhaman-Urus
        Zhaman-Urus 25 May 2013 15: 21 New
        And if under the occupants, mother, wife, children ....
        Ask your grandfathers.
        1. postman
          postman 26 May 2013 02: 12 New
          Quote: Zhaman-Urus
          Ask your grandfathers.

          Not with anyone.
          don't you have to? to curry favor.
          I can safely show my grandfathers to:

          and who is back (2) and who is not (everyone else).
          No need to get puffed up (don't say the gop until you jumped over), in words everything is smooth. In fact., Life will show. Only experience tells me: whoever screams the loudest and loudest, that one will merge
      2. Alex
        Alex 19 August 2013 18: 44 New
        But in the occupied territory it was. But honest people and patriots fought, and did not run to the police and the labor exchange.
    2. Alex
      Alex 19 August 2013 18: 42 New
      All is correct. This is where the war ends with the capture of the capital. In our country, with the capture of Moscow, the war is just beginning. A man wakes up and leaves the club with a club (forgive the banter on a sad topic).
  14. svp67
    svp67 25 May 2013 10: 25 New
    Классная статья - автору "+"."Барятинский" это уже почти бренд. Хотя конечно с некоторыми его выводами можно и поспорить, но всё равно он молодец. Интересно было бы проработать тему применения немцами советской трофейной техники...как на поле боя так и в тылу.
  15. teceitap
    teceitap 25 May 2013 11: 05 New
    It was necessary to redo all the tanks in towing vehicles and sau with a 75mm bigger effect gun
  16. Blackgrifon
    Blackgrifon 26 May 2013 12: 37 New
    Интересно французы воевали - за несколько дней, до наступления немцев и, соответственно, до окончания "странной войны" французский генштаб разработал и начал претворять в жизнь план авиаударов по нефтенным объектам на юге СССР. А когда немцы ворвались во Францию, правительство озвученной страны решило не оборонять столицу - видели те бои могут нанести урон архитектуре Парижа. Французский флот и большая часть армии поддержали правительство Виши и смирились с утратой 2/3 всего государства вместе с исторической столицей.
  17. Alex
    Alex 19 August 2013 18: 39 New
    Thanks to the author, I finally read about the French trophies in the Wehrmacht. As I guessed, the point is zilch. For more than a base for self-propelled guns, they were not suitable. Yes, even on fear of guerrillas.