Military Review

Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Italy

23
After the fall of 1943 in the fall of the fascist regime in Italy, most of the Italian combat vehicles, as well as the enterprises producing them, fell to the Germans. Despite the obsolescence of Italian armored vehicles and its low tactical and technical characteristics, the Germans actively used it in combat operations in Italy and the Balkans.


So, for example, the Germans did not disdain even L3 wedges. After the surrender of Italy, part of these machines went to the Yugoslav partisans, part to the Croatian troops and the German Wehrmacht, which used them for anti-partisan operations in Yugoslavia. Moreover, by order of the German authorities in 1944, another 17 L3 tankettes were assembled. Equipped with these machines tank groups RSI (Italian fascist republic of Salo) “Leoncello” and “Leonessa”.

The Germans also received L6 / 40 light tanks. They entered service with the Wehrmacht under the symbol Pz Kpfw L6 (i) and were used in the tank battalion of the SS Prince Prince Eugene SS division in Yugoslavia, as well as in the 336 infantry and 26 armored divisions in Italy and Slovakia.

German soldier posing against the background of L3 wedges. 1943 year


According to the German order, 1944 tanks of this type were also manufactured during 17.

As for the Italian medium tanks, in September 1943 of the year 22 tank М13 / 40, 1 - М14 / 41 and 16 of the command vehicles fell to the German troops. Wehrmacht got 92 tank M15 / 42. Another 41 commander tank based on the M15 / 42 was completed by the German order under the name Pz. Bef. Wg. M42 (i).

The tanks that were in the Balkans, the Germans included in the armored battalion of the SS division "Prince Eugene", and captured in Italy - in the 26-th tank and 22-th cavalry SS division "Maria Theresa". The M15 / 42 tanks entered only the last two formations, the first of which fought in Italy, Austria and Slovakia, and the second entered the battle against the Red Army in Vienna in April 1945. Several M15 / 42 vehicles were used by the Germans on the Soviet-German front in the battles for Budapest in January 1945.


The Italian tanks M15 / 42 were used in the 7 division of the SS "Prince Eugene" against the partisans in the Balkans and in Northern Italy




Italian self-propelled gun Semovente da 75 / 18. Judging by the characteristic shape of the helmets on the heads of its crew members, this vehicle belongs to the composition of the German parachute-tank division “Hermann Goring”. Italy, 1944 year


Self-propelled gun Semovente da 75 / 34. Production of this self-propelled gun began at the end of April 1943, and she did not have time to get into the Italian army. Hitlerite Wehrmacht became the main recipient of these small and rather successful combat vehicles.




By the time Italy surrendered, only one prototype of the newest Italian medium tank Р40 was built. In anticipation of their mass production, in August - September 1943, the Italians formed two battalions of heavy tanks (according to the Italian classification, this machine was considered heavy), which, without receiving material, were soon disbanded. Under the German control in 1943, the 150 Р40 tanks were ordered. In 1944, four tank artillery regiments were equipped with tanks of this type, 36 combat vehicles in each. Due to the lack of engines, still 38 tanks Р40 were used as fixed firing points.

No less actively exploited by the Germans and Italian assault guns Semovente. Of the latest 178 units, 75-mm cannons with barrel lengths in 18 calibers were armed, and the rest in 34 caliber. In addition, 40 assault guns M43 with 75-mm cannon with barrel length 40 calibers and 117 105-mm self-propelled howitzers on the chassis of the M15 / 42 tank arrived in German units. Most of this equipment expanded the German 26-th tank and 336-th infantry divisions.

As in the case of tanks, the production of ACS continued under German control. During the 1944, 55, 42, 75, 18, 80, 42, 75, 34, 91, 43, 105 tank and self-propelled artillery units that fought in Italy, and parts of the RSI.

After the capitulation of Italy, the Germans got 37 armored cars AB 40 / 41 (Panzerspahwagen AB41 201 (i), and then another German armored 102 armored car: 23 AB 41, the rest - AB 41 / 43 AW): The remaining 43 AB 15; its allies: Hungary (8 vehicles), Romania (1 vehicles for the reconnaissance of the XNUMX Panzer Division “Greater Romania”) and RSI units “Leonchelo-lo” and “Leonessa”.

Echelon with new Wehrmacht accepted Autoblinda AB 41 Italian armored vehicles


Italian armored car Autoblinda AB 41, operated in one of the parts of the Wehrmacht. East Front, 1944 year
Author:
Articles from this series:
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Poland
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Belgium
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Netherlands
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. France
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Great Britain
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. USA
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. the USSR
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Italy
23 comments
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  1. agent
    agent 30 May 2013 08: 32
    +4
    So the Germans took the Italian armored cars Autoblinda AB 41, and how it all ended laughing
    1. spd2001
      spd2001 30 May 2013 13: 23
      +3
      Someone needs to think about it, but does the Russian army need IVECO? bully
  2. RoadRunner
    RoadRunner 30 May 2013 08: 50
    +2
    Thanks for the continuation, to the author +
  3. avt
    avt 30 May 2013 09: 15
    +1
    Another plus good The first photo - well, just like a friend in Serbia was laughing These trophy wedges are also there. Not only the Germans used.
  4. spd2001
    spd2001 30 May 2013 09: 25
    +4
    Instructive. How they lacked equipment in 1943-1944. Plus, but I don't think that this article can be directly attributed to the Wehrmacht trophies. Similar phrases: "Moreover, by order of the German authorities, 1944 more L17 tankettes were assembled in 3. These vehicles were used to equip the RSI (Italian Fascist Republic of Salo)" Leoncello "and" Leonessa "tank groups" and "By the German order during 1944 17 more tanks of this type were manufactured ", do not indicate the" trophy character "of this technique. The material is as interesting as Italian armored vehicles are.
    1. Blackgrifon
      Blackgrifon 30 May 2013 20: 10
      0
      After Italy's surrender, the Germans took control of a large part of the country and seized a number of factories and part of the equipment - why can't it be classified as "trophies"?
      1. spd2001
        spd2001 30 May 2013 21: 33
        0
        Why not? It is possible, but with a stretch. So the Czech Republic can be tightened (though there were no military operations). But what has already been commissioned can no longer be a trophy.
        It will be interesting about this?
  5. rennim
    rennim 30 May 2013 10: 11
    +3
    Italians, as always, have a special approach to machine design ...
    1. Blackgrifon
      Blackgrifon 30 May 2013 20: 11
      0
      The P40 was not the worst tank (though the only good Italian tank). Italian self-propelled guns were also valued by the Germans, even for the campaign in Africa.
  6. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 30 May 2013 11: 41
    +1
    The Italians had good armored cars, well, the Zemovente still had tanks, I don’t even know what to say about these tanks.
    1. Blackgrifon
      Blackgrifon 30 May 2013 20: 13
      +1
      "Well, and the tanks, I don't even know what to say about these tanks." - except for the P40 and self-propelled guns, the Italians did not have tanks that would meet the requirements of the second half (in principle, the first one too).
  7. pensioner
    pensioner 30 May 2013 13: 04
    +3
    On everything that comes out from under the pen of M. Baryatinsky lies the seal of talent. God gave a talent - WRITE! This is not even about this article (as usually informative and well illustrated), but about all the creativity. As I see his books in the store, I buy without hesitation. True, I bought several of the same. Sclerosis however ...
    1. Yemelya
      Yemelya 30 May 2013 22: 46
      +1
      The fact that he owns the factual material, and often draws correct conclusions, I do not argue. But recently, like M. Kolomiets, he has been issuing thin little books (sold at exorbitant prices), with more than undisclosed topics, written clearly in haste. I saw his book about the T-34 in the bookstore, it costs more than 1000 rubles. - nothing new, and so well-known facts, photos that everyone can google, on the cover there is an inscription "with a 3D model" - inside the same not very high-quality drawings, one of which is from the book by Yu. Shmelev "The History of a Tank", which was published already in 1997 g.
      1. pensioner
        pensioner 31 May 2013 07: 02
        0
        God took-not seen.
  8. Dima190579
    Dima190579 30 May 2013 13: 41
    +1
    When I assembled plastic models Semovente da 75/18. I did not know that the Germans used them.
    1. spd2001
      spd2001 30 May 2013 13: 57
      +3
      That's interesting, but if I knew, how would I collect it? wink I’m joking of course, but at present there are a lot of specific literature in print and on the Internet, who are interested will not let you lie. Another thing is that young people (not all of course, but the majority) do not like to read, are not accustomed, etc., it is easier to ask (I educate one))). And yet, not in every locality of the Russian Federation you can buy such literature, not to mention libraries. And such articles provide an opportunity for those who are at least interested in, at least in general terms, to find out.
      1. Dima190579
        Dima190579 30 May 2013 17: 04
        +1
        I was then 15 years old and was in the courtyard in 1994; then there was no Internet.
        1. avt
          avt 30 May 2013 18: 44
          +2
          Quote: Dima190579
          I was then 15 years old and was in the courtyard in 1994; then there was no Internet.

          Well, this is the heyday of bench modeling! And the literature went on, Svirin somewhere around this time made his first brochure on his favorite Panzervagen third and printed it. That's when the Frog models appeared in Soviet times, wow, here we looked at every zagulina in blurry photographs laughing And even as in earlier times, people from the Czech Air Messerschmites sawed out, but the missing parts from eboxidka and hell knows what it cast laughing Then the whole series can be filmed. And the Italian campaign "Stars" was? smile
          1. Argon
            Argon 30 May 2013 20: 13
            +1
            Yes, I remember my son and I were tricky, they turned off the Bf-109G-6 from Avia's twin, Nimchura "died" when moving, he had the most crap with a lantern, the domestic film "Svema" helped. But the most unforgettable impressions are "Vakushki".
            1. 3 inches.
              3 inches. 30 May 2013 21: 11
              +1
              I liked the Ki 27 very much. I was blind.
          2. spd2001
            spd2001 30 May 2013 21: 40
            +1
            That's right. good I read your post, and I remembered how I cut out stabilizers from the line to the Czech model of a sports aircraft (I don’t remember what it’s called anymore). There were times wink
  9. bublic82009
    bublic82009 30 May 2013 20: 20
    0
    Why have Italian equipment been driven into this section? Italy is the ally was Germany?
  10. pinecone
    pinecone 30 May 2013 20: 40
    +2
    To the author. Thanks so much for the stuff.
    Two points:
    1. RSI is an abbreviation for Repubblica Sociale Italiana, the Italian Social Republic, whose government was located in the small town of Salo (accent on the second syllable). The word "fascist" is absent in the title.
    2. The caption to one of the photographs speaks of the soldiers of the division German Goering, although this is not at all a fact. in 1944 on the territory of Italy, in addition to the indicated formation, the 1st and 4th parachute divisions of the 1st parachute corps fought, the personnel of which received the same lightweight helmets.
  11. Alex
    Alex 19 August 2013 14: 41
    +3
    A wonderful article, I just didn’t understand how many Semovente assault guns the Germans got in total?
  12. Alex
    Alex 19 August 2013 14: 49
    +3
    A wonderful article, I just didn’t understand how many Semovente assault guns the Germans got in total?