Military Review

Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Poland

31
In the course of the Second World War, German troops captured a significant number of various armored vehicles in the occupied countries, which were then widely used in the Wehrmacht field forces, SS forces and various security and police forces. At the same time, some of them were reworked and re-armed, while the rest were used in the original design. The number of foreign-made armored combat vehicles adopted by the Germans varied in different countries from a few to several hundred.


On September 1, 1939, in the Polish armored forces (Vgop Pancerna), there were 219 TK-3 tankettes, 13 - TKF, 169 - TKS, 120 tanks 7TP, 45 - R35, 34 - Vickers Е, 45 - FT17, 8 armored vehicles wz.29 and 80 - wz.34. In addition, a number of different types of combat vehicles were in training units and at enterprises. 32 FT17 tanks were part of the staff of armored trains and were used as armored tires. With this tank fleet, Poland entered World War II.

During the fighting, some of the equipment was destroyed, and the survivor went to the Wehrmacht as trophies. The Germans quickly brought in a significant number of Polish combat vehicles to Pancervawe. In particular, the 7-th separate tank battalion was equipped with 203TR tanks. Together with the TKS tankettes, the 7TR tanks also entered the 1 tank regiment of the 1 tank division. The combat composition of the 4 and 5-th tank divisions included tankettes TK-3 and TKS. All the combat vehicles named took part in the victorious parade hosted by the Germans in Warsaw on October 5 1939. In this case, the 7ТР 203 th battalion tanks were already repainted in the standard gray color of Panzervaffe. However, as it turned out, this action was purely propaganda. In the future, in the combat units of the Wehrmacht trophy Polish armored vehicles were not used. Panzerkampfwagen 7TR (p) tanks and Leichte Panzerkampfwagen TKS (T) wedges soon were put at the disposal of the police and security forces of the SS troops. A number of TKS tankettes were transferred to the allies of Germany: Hungary, Romania and Croatia.

The wz.34 captured armored cars were used by the Germans exclusively for police purposes, since these obsolete vehicles did not have any combat value. A number of this type of armored vehicles were transferred to the Croats and used by those against partisans in the Balkans.

Park trophy property. In the foreground, the TKS wedge, in the second, the wedge TK-3. Poland, 1939 year


Light tank 7ТР abandoned without any visible damage. Poland, 1939 year. This tank was produced in two versions: two-tower and one-tower. Wehrmacht limited use only the second option, armed with a 37-mm gun


German soldiers inspect the TKS wedge, captured along with the Ursus truck carrying it. September 1939 of the year




The 7TR tanks from the 203 tank battalion of the Wehrmacht during the parade in Warsaw. 5 October 1939 of the year. Fighting vehicles painted dark gray "German" color
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Articles from this series:
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Poland
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Belgium
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Netherlands
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. France
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Great Britain
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. USA
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. the USSR
Trophy armored vehicles Wehrmacht. Italy
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  1. igordok
    igordok 21 May 2013 07: 32 New
    +6
    On the one hand, there are scavengers, on the other, the rational use of everything that came to hand. As trophies, to increase mobility, the Germans used non-military equipment (trucks, buses, tractors, motorbikes) throughout captured Europe.
  2. redwolf_13
    redwolf_13 21 May 2013 08: 22 New
    10
    Just as ours used the captured technique of the defeated enemy. There is nothing to be surprised at. After Stalingrad, many 88 anti-aircraft guns fell into our hands, which the troops liked very much. Amazing precision technique that applies not only to guns but also to anti-aircraft fire vision systems
  3. Dima190579
    Dima190579 21 May 2013 09: 04 New
    12
    The USSR fought not with Nazi Germany but with all of Europe. All defeated countries worked for the enemy.
    1. bask
      bask 21 May 2013 11: 40 New
      +5
      Quote: Dima190579
      The USSR fought not with Nazi Germany but with all of Europe. All defeated countries worked for

      That's right.
      nations have always used trophy armored vehicles.
      Mostly Soviet (captured) and Czech. But the Czechs worked hard for the nation ...
      Basically, they removed the towers and put either soybeans or captured weapons.
      It turned out self-propelled guns, assault guns, tank destroyers.
      ,, Marder ,, III Ausf.H, Sd.Kfz. on the chassis of the tank 138Pz 38t.

      ,, Marder ,, III Ausf.M, Sd.Kfz.138, on the chassis of a Czech tank Pz 38t.


      SPG ,, Hetzer ,,, on the chassis of the Czech tank Pz 38t.
      Jagdpanzer 38
  4. avt
    avt 21 May 2013 09: 40 New
    +5
    Quote: redwolf_13
    Just as ours used the captured technique of the defeated enemy. There is nothing to be surprised at.

    That's right. They used why it was good to disappear, and even with the battle taken. By the way, there are good collections of photographs on captured equipment in the Red Army, in my opinion there are only Tigers there.
    1. Fitter65
      Fitter65 21 May 2013 16: 24 New
      0
      There are also no Elefnts / ferdinants, although they were tested at the landfills.
  5. omsbon
    omsbon 21 May 2013 09: 54 New
    +6
    All of Europe gave its good to Germany, but it remained in Russia in the form of scrap metal for blast furnaces. I hope that this will always be so.
    1. Dima190579
      Dima190579 21 May 2013 11: 13 New
      +3
      DO NOT NEED RUSSIA SUCH A GIFT. OF COURSE IF THE SWORD WILL COME, THEN LET THE BONES BE LEFT.
  6. svskor80
    svskor80 21 May 2013 10: 26 New
    +2
    Why not take advantage of a useful thing, all the same, after all, they abandoned it. Moreover, that the Germans, that ours.
  7. Bongo
    Bongo 21 May 2013 10: 39 New
    11
    Light tank 7ТР is a Polish licensed version of the British infantry "Vickers-7 ton" The Soviet version is known as the T-26.
  8. knn54
    knn54 21 May 2013 12: 18 New
    +4
    The Great Tank Derban. The Germans had few of their tanks before the war (Versailles, however). Need and forced the Germans to actively use captured tanks. True combat qualities left much to be desired, when compared with the technology of the USSR and Germany.
    In the photo: captured T-34 with a heavy 88-mm gun Flak
    P.S.Each Wehrmacht tank division in June 1941 had a battalion of trophy tanks in the amount of 150 ... 160 units, in excess of the state. The Germans about this (including in the memoirs) are VERY SILENT.
    1. bask
      bask 21 May 2013 13: 22 New
      +1
      Quote: knn54
      In the photo: captured T-34 with a heavy 88-mm gun Flak

      T-34 with the tower removed.
    2. yurta2013
      yurta2013 21 May 2013 18: 16 New
      -1
      Quote: knn54
      Each Wehrmacht tank division in June 1941 had a battalion of trophy tanks in the amount of 150 ... 160 units, in excess of the state. The Germans on this subject (including in memoirs) are VERY SILENT.

      Could you indicate the source from which this information was taken?
    3. LION
      LION 21 May 2013 23: 02 New
      +1
      Well, the Red Army had trophy alterations. SU 122 and SU 76 (s) were imported, on the chassis of the T 3 tank. This is after the Battle of Stalingrad. And there were 250 of them made. Even on a pedestal it’s worth (I don’t remember where. See Wikipedia)
  9. RoadRunner
    RoadRunner 21 May 2013 12: 26 New
    +3
    A very interesting article, always something interested in captured models of equipment.
    The Germans still loved (or tried to love) to remake the captured equipment to "their standards" -
    It would be interesting to read about such projects.
  10. knn54
    knn54 21 May 2013 15: 55 New
    +8
    Anton.And to everyone who is interested, the Trophy Soviet armored vehicles in the Wehrmacht http://forum.poltava.pl.ua/viewtopic.php?f=24&t=248
    According to GERMAN data, by August 22, 1941, 14079 Soviet tanks were shot down and captured. A significant part of Soviet tanks was so broken in battle that it was only suitable for scrap. In most tanks, which did not have visible external damage, inspection revealed breakdowns of the engine, transmission or chassis units, which could not be eliminated due to the lack of spare parts. The main reason was the high losses of Germany in its own military vehicles and the associated enormous workload of repair and evacuation and restoration services. There was simply no time to engage in captured tanks. As a result, by October 1941, only 100 Soviet tanks of various types were in parts of the Wehrmacht.
    PS After the fall of the fascist regime in Italy in the fall of 1943, most of the Italian military vehicles, as well as enterprises manufacturing equipment, went to the Third Reich. In particular, German tank forces got 120 medium M 15/42 tanks and at least 290 Italian Semovente assault guns.
    1. Tan4ik
      Tan4ik 21 May 2013 16: 00 New
      0
      thank you so much.
  11. uzer 13
    uzer 13 21 May 2013 17: 42 New
    +2
    The German army used not only captured T-34s. There were quite a lot of Mosin rifles, which often altered the trigger mechanism. A machine, especially PPS, was considered a good acquisition.
    1. Alex
      Alex 21 August 2013 11: 49 New
      +2
      In the modern German film about Stalingrad, there is an episode in which one seasoned foot soldier says a reckless reckoner, handing him the PCA: “Take Russian, it’s better than ours, especially in the city” (or something like that, in general terms).
  12. Standard Oil
    Standard Oil 21 May 2013 17: 51 New
    +5
    Especially the Germans liked the F-22 cannon, they liked it. The Germans approve of Grabin.
    1. Kars
      Kars 21 May 2013 17: 56 New
      +7
      Quote: Standard Oil
      the F-22 cannon was said to please. The Germans approve of Grabin.

      It’s true that they would endorse the bored chambers and arrange the release of their own ammunition.
      1. Standard Oil
        Standard Oil 21 May 2013 18: 05 New
        +3
        Have you adopted it? Accepted, even sent to Africa to fight with the British.
        1. Kars
          Kars 21 May 2013 18: 40 New
          +3
          Quote: Standard Oil
          Have you adopted it?

          In its original form, it was not taken in its original form.

          1941, the German army was faced with the lack of effectiveness of existing anti-tank weapons against the T-34 and KV. The natural solution was to adopt the new, more powerful anti-tank gun - the Pak 40. However, the production of this gun still needed to be established, and the army urgently required new guns immediately. German engineers managed to find an unconventional, but effective solution.
          In 1941-1942, German troops captured a significant number (up to 1300) of Soviet 76-mm division guns arr. 1936 (F-22). The gun had a large margin of safety, but its use as an anti-tank was difficult. At the end of 1941, German engineers developed a project to upgrade the guns with the goal of turning it into an anti-tank gun. The modernization included the following activities:
          Boring chambers for shooting a more powerful charge. The Soviet sleeve had a length of 385,3 mm and the diameter of the flange 90 mm, the new German sleeve had a length of 715 mm with a diameter of the flange 100 mm. The volume of the propellant charge increased 2,4 times.
          Installing a muzzle brake to reduce increased recoil force.
          Moving the handles of the gun guidance drives on one side with a sight.
          Decrease in elevation (from 75 ° to 18 °).
          Modernization of recoil devices, in particular, disabling the variable rollback mechanism.
          Installing a new reduced height shield
          Creating a new ammunition

          A.Shirokorad. God of war of the Third Reich. - M., LLC "Publishing house AST", 2002. - 576 p.: 32 p. silt. ISBN 5-17-015302-3
          A. Ivanov. Artillery of Germany in the Second World War. - SPb., Publishing House "Neva", 2003. - 64 p. ISBN 5-7654-2634-4
          A. Klyuyev et al. Handbook of ammunition configuration of German artillery. - M., 1943
          1. Yemelya
            Yemelya 21 May 2013 21: 43 New
            0
            Quote: Kars
            In its original form, it was not taken in its original form.

            Taken under the designation 7,62-cm Feldkanone 296 (r) and used:
            1. Kars
              Kars 21 May 2013 22: 23 New
              +1
              On the marder?
              And what they could use not converted, they could very well, so they used the French World War I. Do the Germans approve of Schneider?
              10.5 cm K 331 (f) - French guns
              10.5 cm K 333 (b) - guns captured from Belgium
              10.5 cm K 338 (i) - guns captured from Italy
              10.5 cm K 338 (j) - guns captured from Yugoslavia
              10.5 cm K 13 (p) - Polish not modernized guns
              10.5 cm K 29 (p) - Polish modernized guns
              1. Yemelya
                Yemelya 21 May 2013 22: 52 New
                0
                Quote: Kars
                On the marder?

                I didn’t catch that it was about Marder ... here
                Quote: Standard Oil
                Have you adopted it? Accepted, even sent to Africa to fight with the British.
                , like, just about the gun. On the “Marder” I do not argue, only PaK 36 (r), although, on the “Diana” the unfinished F-22 was set.
                1. Kars
                  Kars 21 May 2013 23: 29 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Emelya
                  I didn’t catch that it was about Marder ... here

                  It is necessary to catch.
                  Quote: Emelya
                  although on

                  Let’s approach from the other side - how much they used, how much they redid.
                  And why did the Germans bother to redo the F-22, and the Frenchman’s first world’s name was used like that.
                  Quote: Emelya
                  on "Diana"

                  Are you sure? And how many were 12? And the marders?

                  Not without reason did Soviet soldiers call the PaK-36 (r) cannon a "viper" or a "cobra." Several dozen PaK-36 (r) guns were captured by Soviet troops near Stalingrad. Part of the captured “vipers” entered service with the Soviet anti-tank fighter divisions.

                  The leadership of the GAU even considered the issue of launching the production of the 76-mm PaK-36 (r), but Grabin refused, because he had already designed more powerful systems. In 1942, the Germans converted 358 F-22s into 76,2 mm PaK-36 (r), in 1943 - another 169 and in 1944 - 33. The mass production of ammunition for guns was also begun.

                  The PaK-36 (r) guns were installed not only on wheeled carriages, but also on the self-propelled guns “Marder II” (Sd.Kfz.132) and “Marder 38” (Sd.Kfz.139).

                  Not only the F-22 divisional cannon became a German trophy, but also its overhaul - the 76-mm F-22 USV gun (model 1939). The Germans used it in its original form as a field gun called 7,62 cm FK297 (r ) A small number of F-22 USV guns were converted into anti-tank guns, which received an index of 76,2 mm PaK-39 (r). The gun received a muzzle brake, as a result of which its barrel length increased from 3200 mm to 3480 mm. The barrel camo was bored, and from it it was possible to shoot shots from PaK-36 (r).


                  But by the way the beginning
                  Quote: Standard Oil
                  Especially the Germans liked the F-22 cannon, they liked it. The Germans approve of Grabin.

                  You disagree with
                  Quote: Kars
                  It’s true that they would endorse the bored chambers and arrange the release of their own ammunition.
                  ?
                  1. Yemelya
                    Yemelya 21 May 2013 23: 55 New
                    0
                    Quote: Kars
                    Let’s approach from the other side - how much they used, how much they redid.

                    The exact numbers can hardly be found, it depends on how many got to them, which took place under the name PaK 36 (r) (I met information that the original F-22, which were used as anti-tank ones, were also called), they all were remade to fit their ammunition (there are photos of guns with a modernized gun carriage but without a muzzle brake), are they included in the number of converted PaK 39 (r) based on the F-22USV, for example.
                    The fact that the Germans sent the original F-22s to Africa to fight the English Matildas is a well-known fact - it means the F-22s and their native ammunition suited them as anti-tank in 1941.
                    1. Kars
                      Kars 22 May 2013 09: 15 New
                      +1
                      Quote: Emelya
                      that Germans sent the original F-22s to Africa to fight the English Matildas - a well-known fact - that means the F-22s and their native ammunition suited them as anti-tank in 1941.

                      Well, as always, come up with something. But on the specifics, nothing.
      2. svp67
        svp67 29 May 2013 20: 04 New
        0
        Quote: Kars
        It’s true that they would endorse the bored chambers and arrange the release of their own ammunition.
        And it’s also true that it wasn’t always, for often using F22 without boring, as they used F22USV, where it was not possible to produce such a boring ...
  13. yurta2013
    yurta2013 21 May 2013 18: 27 New
    +1
    The article is very interesting, but somehow scanty. It opens with a paragraph that talks about all the captured technology of the Wehrmacht, and then it comes only to Polish. There is a certain sense of understatement. It seems that the text was simply cut out from some larger article, and only from its beginning.
    1. tixon444
      tixon444 21 May 2013 21: 54 New
      +2
      Quote: yurta2013
      The article is very interesting, but somehow scanty. It opens with a paragraph that talks about all the captured technology of the Wehrmacht, and then it comes only to Polish. There is a certain sense of understatement. It seems that the text was simply cut out from some larger article, and only from its beginning.

      Have you tried to read the title of the article?
      1. yurta2013
        yurta2013 22 May 2013 12: 43 New
        +1
        Now I read it. Let's hope to continue.
  14. bublic82009
    bublic82009 21 May 2013 22: 08 New
    +1
    Yes, such a technique was already very formidable for the Nazis.
  15. svp67
    svp67 29 May 2013 19: 57 New
    0
    Polish 7TP in the service of the Wehrmacht
  16. Alex
    Alex 21 August 2013 11: 52 New
    +2
    The article is good, but the fact that kutsaya is, as they say, about Senka and the hat. Such tanks were only suitable for parades and partisans to drive (and even then not for long).