Military Review

German anti-tank artillery in World War II. Part 1

39



Contrary to popular belief, formed by feature films, literature and computer games such as "World of Tanks", the main opponent of the Soviet tanks on the battlefield were not enemy tanks, but anti-tank artillery.

Tank duels, of course, happened regularly, but not so often. Large counter tank battles in general can be counted on the fingers.

After the war, ABTU conducted a study on the causes of the defeat of our tanks.

Anti-tank artillery accounted for about 60% (with anti-aircraft self-propelled guns and anti-aircraft guns), 20% was lost in battles with tanks, the remaining artillery destroyed 5%, 5% was blown up on mines, and aviation and anti-tank infantry assets accounted for 10%.

The numbers are of course strongly rounded, since it is impossible to determine exactly what each tank was destroyed with. The tanks on the battlefield were fired by everything that could shoot. So during the battles near Kursk, the destruction of the heavy PTCS "Elephant" was recorded by direct hit of an 203-mm projectile. Accident is of course, but coincidence is very significant.

37 mm anti-tank gun Rak. 35 / 36 was the main anti-tank weapon with which Germany entered the war.



The development of this tool, bypassing the restrictions imposed by the Versailles Treaty, was completed at Rheinmetall Borsig 1928. The first models of the gun, which received the name So 28 (Tankabwehrkanone, i.e. anti-tank gun - the word Panzer came into use later) were sent to the tests in the 1930 year, and with 1932, deliveries to the troops began. The Reichswehr received a total of 264 such guns. Tool So 28 had a barrel length 45 calibers with a horizontal wedge, providing a sufficiently high rate of fire - up to 20 rds / min. The carriage with sliding tubular beds provided a large angle of horizontal pickup - 60 °, but the chassis with wooden wheels was designed only for horse traction.

By the end of the 20-ies, this tool, perhaps, was the best in its class, far ahead of development in other countries. It was shipped to Turkey, Holland, Spain, Italy, Japan, Greece, Estonia, the USSR and even Abyssinia. In the USSR, 12 of such guns was supplied, and 499 was also manufactured under license in 1931-32. The gun was adopted as "37 mm anti-tank gun arr. 1930. The famous Soviet Forty-Fang, the gun of the 1932 model, is descended from Tak 29. But the German military gun did not satisfy because of too low mobility. Therefore, in 1934, it was upgraded, getting wheels with pneumatic tires that can be towed by a car, an improved carriage and an improved sight. Under the designation 3,7 cm Pak 35 / 36 (Panzerabwehrkanone 35 / 36), the gun came into service with the Wehrmacht as the main anti-tank weapon.

The sector of horizontal shelling of guns was 60 °, the maximum angle of elevation of the barrel - 25 °. The presence of an automatic wedge-type shutter mechanism provided the 12-15 shots per minute rate of fire. For aiming gun used telescopic sight.



Shooting was carried out with unitary shots: fragmentation and armor-piercing. The 37-mm armor-piercing shell of this gun was punched at a distance of 100 m armor with a thickness of 34 mm. The 1940 model's sifting projectile had armor penetration at this 50 mm distance, and, in addition, a special 9-mm CHXXX, with a maximum range of 35 m, was developed for the 9K CH.9 gun. The total range was built around 36 mm, with a maximum range of 180 m. 300 / 16.



The guns of Rak.35 / 36 were armed with anti-tank companies of infantry regiments and battalions of tank destroyers in infantry divisions. In total, the infantry division had 75 37-mm anti-tank guns in the state.

In addition to the towed version, the 35 / 36 Cancer was nominally mounted on Sd armored personnel carriers. Kfz. 250 / 10 and Sd. Kfz. 251 / 10 - command vehicles, reconnaissance and motorized infantry units.





In the army, various improvised self-propelled guns with such guns were used - on the chassis of Krupp trucks, captured French Renault UE wedges, British Universal armored personnel carriers and Soviet semi-armored Komsomolets tracked tractor.


The gun received baptism of fire in Spain, where it demonstrated high efficiency, and then was successfully used during the Polish campaign against low-armored tankettes and light tanks.

However, it turned out to be ineffective against the new French, British, and especially Soviet tanks with counter-booking. Because of their low efficiency, German soldiers called Pak 35 / 36 a “door knocker” or a “cracker”.


As of 1 in September, the Wehrmacht 1939 had 11 250 cannons Cancer 35 / 36, by 22 in June 1941, this number increased to a record 15 515 units, but subsequently declined steadily. By 1 March, 1945 was still in the Wehrmacht and SS forces 216 Cancer 35 / 36, and 670 such guns were stored in warehouses. Most infantry divisions switched to more powerful guns in 1943, but in parachute and mountain divisions they were maintained until 1944, and in the occupation units and second-line units (training, spare) until the end of the war.


The Wehrmacht used the same 3.7 cm Pak 38 (t) - anti-tank 37-mm gun, produced by the Czech company Skoda. At a distance in 100 m, a sub-caliber projectile had armor penetration along the normal 64 mm.



The gun was made by Skoda by order of the German army, in 1939-1940, 513 guns were produced in total.


In 1941, Beilerer & Kunz developed 4,2 cm PaK 41- anti-tank gun with a conical bore.

She was generally similar to the Pak 36 anti-tank gun, but had a higher initial speed and armor penetration.



The diameter of the barrel bore varied from 42 mm in the breech to 28 mm in the muzzle. A shell with crushed leading corbels weighing 336 g punched armor 87 mm thick from a distance 500 m at a right angle.

The gun was produced in small quantities in the 1941-1942 year. The reasons for the cessation of production was the shortage of tungsten in deficit in Germany from which the core of the projectile was manufactured, the complexity and high cost of production, as well as the low survivability of the barrel. Total 313 guns were released.

The most effective of captured light anti-tank guns was the 47-mm Czechoslovak cannon obn.1936g., Received by the Germans name 4,7-cm Pak36 (t).



The distinctive feature of the gun was the muzzle brake. Semi-wedge bolt, hydraulic recoil brake, spring cocked. The gun had a somewhat unusual for that time design, for transporting the barrel turned on the 180grd. and fastened to the beds. For a more compact installation could be folded and both the bed. Wheel drive sprung gun, metal wheels with rubber tires.

In 1939, in Czechoslovakia, 200 units of 4,7-cm Pak36 (t) were manufactured, and in 1940, more 73 units, after which production of the modification of the gun of the 1936g gun, 4,7-cm Pak (t) (Kzg.), And for self-propelled installations - 4.7-cm Pak (t) (Sf.). Production continued until 1943.
Mass production of 4,7-cm ammunition to Czechoslovak anti-tank guns was also established.

The 4.7-cm Pak36 (t) gun ammunition contained fragmentation and armor-piercing shells of Czech production, and in 1941g. The German sub-caliber projectile obn 40 was adopted.

The caliber armor-piercing projectile had an initial speed of 775 m / s, the effective firing range was 1,5 km. Normally, a projectile punched 50-mm armor at 75 meters, and 100-mm at 60-meters distance, and 500 mm armor at 40 meters distance.

The piercing projectile had an initial speed of 1080 m / s, an effective firing range of up to 500 meters. Normally at a distance of 500 meters, he punched 55-mm armor.

In the German army, in addition to the Czech, guns seized in other countries were actively used.

By the time Austria entered the Reich, the Austrian army had 357 units of 47-mm anti-tank gun M.35 / 36, created by Bohler (in a number of documents this gun was called infantry). In Germany, it is called 4.7-cm Pak 35 / 36 (o).



Consisted in the number of 330 units in service with the Austrian army and went to the Germans as a result of the Anschluss. By order of the German army in 1940, 150 units were also released. Entered into the arsenal of anti-tank companies regiments of infantry divisions instead of 50-mm guns. The gun had not very high performance, with the initial speed of an armor-piercing projectile -630 m / s, armor penetration at a distance of 500 m was- 43 mm.

In 1940 in France, a greater number of 47-mm anti-tank guns, the 1937g, were captured. Schneider systems. The Germans assigned them a name. 4,7cm Pak 181 (f).

German anti-tank artillery in World War II. Part 1

All in all, the Germans used the 823 French 47-mm anti-tank guns.
Barrel gun - monoblock. The shutter is a semi-vertical vertical wedge. The gun had a sprung motion and metal wheels with rubber tires. In the ammunition of the guns sent to the Eastern Front, the Germans introduced German armor-piercing sub-caliber shells of the 40.

The X4.7-cm Pak181 (f) cannon ammunition consisted of a French armor-piercing solid projectile with a ballistic tip; a caliber projectile punched 400 mm armor at a distance of 40 meters normal.

Anti-tank 5 cm Pak 38 was created by Rheinmetall in 1938 year. However, due to a number of technical and organizational difficulties, the first two guns arrived at the troops only at the beginning of 1940. Mass production began only at the end of 1940. Total produced 9568 guns.



50-mm anti-tank guns, together with the 37-mm guns were part of the anti-tank company infantry regiments. An armor-piercing projectile with an initial speed of 823 m / s, at a distance of 500 meters, pierced 70 mm armor at right angles, and a sneak punching 100 mm armor at the same distance. These guns could already effectively deal with T-34 and KV, but since 1943, they began to be replaced by more powerful 75-mm guns.

In 1936, Rainmetal began designing an 7,5-cm anti-tank gun, called 7,5 cm Pak 40. However, the Wehrmacht received the first 15 guns only in February of the 1942 g. In the gun ammunition there were both caliber armor-piercing projectiles and sub-caliber and cumulative projectiles.



It was a very effective weapon, which was in production until the end of the war, it turned out to be the most numerous. A total of 23 303 guns were produced.



An armor-piercing projectile with an initial speed of 792 m / s had normal armor penetration at a distance of 1000 meters - 82 mm. Subcaliber with a speed of 933 m / s, punched with 100 meters - 126 mm armor. Cumulative from any distance, at an angle 60 degrees - armor plate thickness 60 mm.
The gun was widely used for installation on the chassis of tanks and armored tractors.
On 1 March 1945. In service remained 5228 units 7,5-cm guns Pak 40, of which 4695-on wheeled carriages.



In 1944 An attempt was made to create a lighter 7,5-cm anti-tank gun, called 7,5 cm Pak 50. For its creation, they took the Pak 7,5 40 barrel and shortened it to 16 calibers. Muzzle brake was replaced by a more powerful three-chamber. In the ammunition left all the shells from Pak 40, but the length of the liner and the charge were reduced. As a result, the projectile weighing 6,71 kg had an initial velocity of about 600m / s. Reducing the weight of the barrel and recoil force made it possible to use the carriage from 5 cm Pak 38. However, the weight of the gun did not decrease much and did not justify the deterioration of ballistics and armor penetration. As a result, the release of 7,5 cm Pak 50 was limited to a small series.

During the Polish and French companies, the Germans captured several hundred 75-mm divisional guns. 1897g. The Poles bought these guns in France at the start of the 20s. Only in France, the Germans captured 5,5 millions of shots to these guns. Initially, the Germans used them in their original form, giving the Polish gun the name 7,5 cm FK97 (p)and French - 7,5 cm FK231 (f). These guns were sent to the division of the "second line", as well as in the coastal defense of Norway and France.

Use guns rev. 1897g. to fight with tanks in its original form was not possible because of the small angle of guidance (6 cr.) allowed by the single-sided carpeting. The lack of cushioning did not allow carriage at a speed of more than 10-12 km / h, even on a good highway. However, the German designers found a way out: the swinging part of the 75-mm French cannon arr. 1987 was imposed on the carriage of the German 5-cm anti-tank gun Pak 38. So it turned out anti-tank gun 7,5 cm Pak 97 / 38.





The crane bolt of the gun provided a relatively high rate of fire - up to 14 rounds per minute. The Germans introduced their caliber armor-piercing projectile and three types of cumulative projectiles into the ammunition, the high-explosive fragmentation projectiles used only French.

An armor-piercing projectile with an initial flight speed - 570 m / s, normal, pierced at a distance of 1000 meters -58 mm armor, cumulative, at an angle 60 degrees - 60 mm armor.

In 1942 Wehrmacht received 2854 units 7,5-cm guns Pak 97 / 38, and next year another 858. In 1942 The Germans produced a small number of anti-tank installations, imposing a rotating part of the 7,5 cm Pak 97 / 40 on the chassis of the captured Soviet T-26 tank.
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Articles from this series:
German anti-tank artillery in World War II. Part 1
German anti-tank artillery in World War II. Part 2
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  1. igordok
    igordok 10 September 2013 08: 47 New
    +5
    Like all military equipment in Germany, high-quality, but expensive. Therefore, in insufficient quantities.
    1. Bongo
      10 September 2013 09: 29 New
      13
      Inadequate quantities of heavy Pak 43 and Pak 44 were produced. 40 Cancer has been released, more 23000 is not so little. And this is one of the most effective VET. For comparison, the ZIS-2 released 13000. Do not forget about the many thousands of other Germanic and captured guns. So it's not just about quantity.
      1. igordok
        igordok 10 September 2013 11: 56 New
        -7
        Cancer-40 on 1941 few were released. VET is always in short supply. Therefore, trophies were used and modernized. One of the options for "increasing" the trunks is the installation of VET on a self-propelled chassis (Panzeryager, Marder). Like "Figaro here, Figaro there."

        Quote: Bongo
        40 cancer has been released more than 23000 - not so little.

        In comparison with ZIS-3 - it is a little. It is clear that ZIS-3 is not PTO, but it was very often used as PTO.
      2. nnz226
        nnz226 10 September 2013 15: 54 New
        -7
        ZiS-3 - not the worst anti-tank gun released in quantities of more than 100000 pieces.
        1. Kars
          Kars 10 September 2013 16: 11 New
          12
          Quote: nnz226
          ZiS-3 - not the worst anti-tank gun

          In general, it is not anti-tank, but divisional.
          1. Corsair
            Corsair 10 September 2013 22: 50 New
            -9
            Quote: Kars
            In general, it is not anti-tank, but divisional.

            This gun is a genuine station wagon:

            Design Grabin 76-mm divisional gun ZIS-3 was launched in May 1941 year. The impetus for the idea of ​​creating a gun was the test of the 57-mm anti-tank gun ZIS-2, which had been conducted since September 1940 and showing outstanding results in armor penetration and the insufficient effectiveness of a high-explosive shell.

            The design scheme of the ZIS-2 has become typical for the ZIS-3. In fact, it was an overlay of the barrel with the ballistic of the 76 / 40-mm division gun on the ZIS-2 carriage. It was decided to provide the barrel with a muzzle brake, absorbing about 30% of recoil energy.

            The recoil brake is hydraulic. Hydropneumatic recuperator. When fired, recoil devices roll back along with the barrel. The lifting mechanism has two sectors. Rotary mechanism of screw type. The balancing mechanism is a spring pulling type, consists of two columns.

            The combat axis is straight. Spring springs in columns. Wheel from a GAZ-AA car, but with a modified hub.

            The prototype ZIS-3 was completed in June, and in July 1941 of the year it passed field tests.

            Due to its high technology, the ZIS-3 became the first artillery gun in the world to be put into mass production and conveyor assembly.

            In January of the 1942 of the year, when he first saw the ZIS-3, Stalin said: "This gun is a masterpiece in the design of artillery systems." Grabin wrote in his memoirs that in principle it is impossible to create the best divisional cannon of the 76 mm caliber. However, he and other designers still made such attempts.

            Shooting from ZIS-3 solved the following tasks:

            -determination of enemy manpower;
            - suppression and destruction of fire weapons of the enemy infantry and its artillery;
            - destruction of tanks and other mechanized means of the enemy;
            - destruction of barriers;
            - destruction of embrasures of long-term firing points.

            Great flexibility of the fire was ensured by the use of various types of shells: armor-piercing, sub-caliber, cumulative, high-explosive fragmentation grenades, incendiary, smoke, shrapnel. The longest firing range of the HE-350 high-explosive fragmentation grenade was 13 290 m. The direct range of the grenade and armor-piercing projectile was 820 meters. When the OF-350 ruptured, 870 slaughter fragments were formed with a radius of destruction of 15 m. At a range of 500 m at an angle of incidence of 90 °, an armor-piercing shell pierced 70-mm armor. By experimental calculation, the ZIS-3 was transferred to a combat position and vice versa in 30-40 seconds.

            Numerous monuments in places of past battles with ZiS-3 installed on them became a recognizable symbol of Victory along with the legendary T-34 ...
            1. Kars
              Kars 10 September 2013 23: 00 New
              +6
              Quote: Corsair
              This gun is a genuine station wagon:

              It cost our troops very, very expensive, a lot of blood. If you approach this issue thoughtfully and carefully.
              1. Day 11
                Day 11 10 September 2013 23: 09 New
                0
                Dear Kars, how do you like the anti-tank grenade launcher? Have you heard? (See below)
                1. Kars
                  Kars 10 September 2013 23: 13 New
                  +2
                  Quote: Den 11
                  Expensive

                  stop fool
                  Quote: Den 11
                  I heard!
                  1. Day 11
                    Day 11 10 September 2013 23: 18 New
                    0
                    Who do you take me for? I just wanted to show respect! Well, it's your business.
                    1. Day 11
                      Day 11 10 September 2013 23: 52 New
                      +1
                      ...! I saw a fascist rat in me! My grandfather fought with them! I just like their alignment in the army, navy and Luftwaffe. They were fighters and no one can refute this! All this National Socialist canoe is the same to me disgusting like you.
            2. stalkerwalker
              stalkerwalker 11 September 2013 00: 07 New
              +3
              Quote: Corsair
              At a range of 500 m at an angle of meeting 90 °, an armor-piercing projectile pierced 70-mm armor. By experimental calculation, the ZIS-3 was transferred to a combat position and vice versa in 30-40 seconds.

              My father fought the second half of World War II as the commander of this weapon. On the account of his calculation of 8 tanks, including one Panther.
              But I still remember his comments about meetings with tanks in response to my requests - Dad, tell me about the war, "Lucky".
              1. Day 11
                Day 11 11 September 2013 00: 18 New
                +4
                The article correctly says that the main enemy of the tanks was not the tanks, but the PTA. Your father was really lucky to survive.
                1. stalkerwalker
                  stalkerwalker 11 September 2013 01: 24 New
                  +4
                  Quote: Den 11
                  The article correctly says that the main enemy of the tanks was not the tanks, but the PTA. Your father was really lucky to survive.

                  hi
              2. loft79
                loft79 11 September 2013 07: 26 New
                +2
                Quote: stalkerwalker
                But even now I recall his comments on meetings with tanks in response to my requests - Dad, tell us about the war, “Lucky”

                Your father is right. The only protection for PTA, proper location and disguise. It’s very difficult for the tank commander to calculate the VET before the first shot, and if the tank crew is experienced, then all, one is a land mine. Panther Zis-3 did not take in the forehead and from 100 m (upper frontal for sure). So competent luring tanks to flank ambushes was the most effective tactic.
        2. zyablik.olga
          zyablik.olga 14 September 2013 12: 52 New
          +7
          Is it anti-tank?
  2. Greyfox
    Greyfox 10 September 2013 08: 47 New
    +6
    Forgot about the most interesting for us sample of the German anti-tank gun
    Five hundred and sixty F-22 guns were converted into towed anti-tank 7,62-cm RAC 36 (r) 33 cannons. The Germans squandered the F-22 chamber, increased the charge 2,4 times, installed a muzzle brake, reduced the elevation angle and excluded the mechanism of variable rollback. It should be noted here that the Germans simply corrected the "whims" of Tukhachevsky and a number of other military men, who at one time forced Grabin to use the arr. Sleeve in such a powerful weapon. 1900 g., Which limited the charge weight, and enter the elevation angle 75 °, so that it could be fired at by aircraft. The front of the gun, of course, was excluded, since the Germans used only mechanical traction. The weight of the CANCER 36 (g) in the stowed and combat positions was about 1710 kg, and the angle of vertical guidance ranged from —6 ° to + 18 °.

    For Cancer 36 (r), the Germans designed four shells: armor-piercing caliber Pz.Gr.39 weighing 7,54 kg and an initial speed of 740 m / s, sub-caliber Pz.Gr.40 weighing 4,05 kg and an initial speed of 990 m / s, cumulative HL.Gr .38 with an initial speed of 450 m / s and fragmentation Sp.Gr.39 weighing 6,2 kg and an initial speed of 550 m / s. Total of such shells in 1942 — 1945. 4,2 million units were manufactured.

    These shells were intended not only for towed 7,62-cm guns of the RAK 36 (r), but also for self-propelled guns equipped with converted F-22.
    1. igordok
      igordok 10 September 2013 08: 58 New
      +6
      Quote: Greyfox
      Forgot about the most interesting for us sample of the German anti-tank gun

      I think there will be a continuation. And PAK-40, and PAK-43, and PAK-44, etc., etc.
    2. Bongo
      10 September 2013 09: 14 New
      +7
      Satya is called
      German anti-tank artillery in World War II. Part 1
      About CANCER 36 (r) and the rest will be in the second part.
      1. Greyfox
        Greyfox 10 September 2013 09: 26 New
        +6
        Then let's wait.
        1. Bongo
          10 September 2013 09: 30 New
          +3
          Hope to come out tomorrow.
  3. loft79
    loft79 10 September 2013 10: 07 New
    12
    Good review article. Not overloaded and well illustrated. To the author +. Thank.
  4. Kovrovsky
    Kovrovsky 10 September 2013 10: 08 New
    +7
    Good informative article, many photos. Thanks to the author.
  5. Day 11
    Day 11 10 September 2013 12: 08 New
    +4
    I wanted to forgive the Paks, but it’s not interesting. But who saw this easel 88-mm anti-tank grenade launcher "Pupchen" (doll)?
  6. Day 11
    Day 11 10 September 2013 12: 26 New
    +2
    Here's an interesting photo: The German PaK 38 crew destroyed Soviet tanks from an ambush.
    1. Day 11
      Day 11 10 September 2013 12: 29 New
      +2
      The same calculation on the cover of a famous magazine (after the battle)
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. Day 11
    Day 11 10 September 2013 12: 47 New
    +5
    I ask you to give me a very rare photo --- the German LG-40 recoilless recoil. Someone in the subject immediately looks at the similarity with the Kurchevsky guns
    1. Yon_Silent
      Yon_Silent 10 September 2013 16: 49 New
      +3
      Wow! really a rarity. It’s just not entirely clear what role recoillessness could play as an anti-tank weapon in the absence of cumulative shells. The initial velocity of the projectile is painfully small - about 350 m / s. Kurchevsky’s dynamo-cannon was precisely what ruined the absence of a CS, plus the author’s adventurism.
    2. Klibanophoros
      Klibanophoros 14 September 2013 13: 15 New
      0
      But like the Kurchevsky gun, it didn’t play a special role in the hostilities ...
  9. Guterjunge
    Guterjunge 10 September 2013 13: 55 New
    +1
    doll per time I see in the photo)
  10. Yon_Silent
    Yon_Silent 10 September 2013 16: 28 New
    +3
    Wonderful article! With feeling, with good sense and arrangement. Many thanks to the author, I'm waiting for the second part.
  11. Des10
    Des10 10 September 2013 17: 53 New
    +4
    Thanks for the article, photos. Plus.
    As always striking is the Wehrmacht's arming of captured equipment.
  12. Trofimov Andrey
    Trofimov Andrey 10 September 2013 18: 26 New
    +1
    Czechs "handsome": "... Skoda factory commissioned by the German army ..."
    1. Day 11
      Day 11 10 September 2013 18: 31 New
      +3
      Not only Skoda worked, in general a lot of things were forged there for the German army, even the Messers were assembled there. The Czechs did not live sour under Heydrich. In fact, they were equated with the Aryans (the same rights). The merit of Heydrich. Live and work for the glory of Great Germany
  13. Snoop
    Snoop 10 September 2013 18: 51 New
    +2
    Interestingly, the Czech bastards worked hard on the nemchuru))) Plus article)
  14. mithridate
    mithridate 10 September 2013 19: 30 New
    0
    informative article
  15. Ivan Ural
    Ivan Ural 10 September 2013 19: 55 New
    +3
    All the most powerful European industry worked hard, but no matter what, We survived
  16. cobalt
    cobalt 10 September 2013 21: 18 New
    +3
    Here's the Germans still had a contraption:
    80mm anti-tank gun 8N63, created by Rheinmetall. Some researchers call it a smoothbore anti-tank gun. The gun fired with feathered shells. But its highlight was the system of two chambers - high and low pressure. The unitary cartridge was attached to a heavy steel partition with small slots that completely covered the barrel bore. When firing inside the cartridge case, the fuel ignited under very high pressure, and the resulting gas penetrated through the holes in the baffle held in place by a special pin, filling the entire volume in front of the projectile. When the pressure reached 1200 kg / cm. sq. (115 kPa) in the high-pressure chamber, that is, inside the sleeve, and 550 kg / cm behind the partition in the low-pressure chamber. sq. (52 kPa), then the pin broke, and the shell flew out of the barrel. In this way, it was possible to solve a previously insoluble problem - to combine a light barrel with a relatively high initial velocity of the projectile. Externally, the 8-cm 8H63 gun resembled a classic anti-tank gun. The barrel consisted of a monoblock pipe and a breech. Shutter - semi-automatic, vertical wedge. The rollback brake and knurl were in the cradle under the barrel. The carriage had tubular beds.

    The serial production of the 80mm 8N63 gun was carried out by Wolf in Magdeburg. The cost of one gun was 2050 RM. The first batch of 81 guns was sent to the front in January 1945. In total, the Wolf company handed over 1944 guns and another 40 guns in 220. For 1945H8 in 63, 1944 cumulative shells were manufactured, and in 6000 another 1945. By March 28, 800, the Wehrmacht had 1 1945H115 guns, 8 of which were at the front.
    1. loft79
      loft79 10 September 2013 23: 55 New
      +2
      Quote: cobalt
      80mm 8H63 anti-tank gun designed by Rheinmetall

      You have not 8H63 in the picture, but an experienced Hammer rocket-propelled grenade launcher.

      The gun had a smooth barrel with a caliber of 81,4 mm and a length of 2200 mm. Shooting was carried out by a Wgr.5071 cumulative projectile (grenade) weighing 4 kg and a length of 540 mm: 215 mm per cumulative warhead, 265 mm per propellant charge, and stabilizer feathers were 60 mm long. The weight of the propellant charge was 0,6 kg, the initial speed was 400 m / s, and the direct range at a target height of 2,5 m was 600 m. This range was achieved at an elevation angle of 3,5 degrees.
      8,1-cm Hammer had some advantages over Panzerfaust and Ofenor, but in early 1944 work on it was stopped at the stage of testing prototypes.

      In December 1944 work on the 'Hammer' resumed, but this time, the caliber was increased to 105 mm. The weight of the projectile was increased to 4,2 kg, and the length to 725 mm. The propellant charge was doubled (1,2 kg), due to which the initial velocity reached 540 m / s. Naturally, the accuracy of shooting increased sharply. When shooting at a target 1 * 1 m at a distance of 500 m, the number of hits was about 50 percent. The projectile punched normally 160 mm armor.
      Installing a 10,5 cm 'Hammer' was extremely easy. The barrel was shortened to 1365 mm and rigidly connected to a primitive wheeled carriage. The height of the line of fire in the combat position was 350 mm, so the crew fired while lying down. The weight of the installation without a projectile did not exceed 45 kg. The installation was easily disassembled and transferred into three parts and transferred in three human packs.
      The end of the war did not allow the mass production of these tools


      Here is 8H63:
    2. The comment was deleted.
  17. ka5280
    ka5280 11 September 2013 07: 01 New
    +4
    Thanks to the author for the article. Informative.
  18. zyablik.olga
    zyablik.olga 14 September 2013 12: 54 New
    +4
    Why didn’t the Germans use our 45-ku? with us it was operated until the very end.
  19. Woldemar
    Woldemar April 6 2014 16: 58 New
    0
    But will there be a similar article about Soviet anti-tank artillery?
    1. Bongo
      April 7 2014 04: 41 New
      +4
      Already been:
      Anti-tank artillery of the Red Army. Part of 1
      http://topwar.ru/33705-protivotankovaya-artilleriya-rkka-chast-1-ya.html