Military Review

Private military companies: respectable business of respectable gentlemen

115

Employees of PMC "Academi"


Today we’ll talk a little about private military companies, the idea of ​​creating which belongs to David Stirling (it was described in a previous article: “David Stirling, Special Air Service and PMC Watchguard International”).

This idea of ​​the founder of SAS turned out to be very successful. At present, private military companies operate in hot spots around the world, their annual turnover has long surpassed $ 100 billion. And private military companies these days are no longer dubious hiring offices that are ready to go anywhere adventurers who can only handle well weapons, and respectable firms that legally conclude multimillion-dollar contracts with governments of different countries. And many specialists of these companies now have a university education and can work not only with machine guns and explosives. Another thing is that not all the nuances of these transactions are made public, and some of these contracts are completely secret and not subject to disclosure.

Private military companies can now help protect commercial and cargo ships in areas of risky shipping, transport valuables and large sums of cash, accompany businessmen or politicians in dangerous places, train security personnel of large corporations, and repair and service military equipment. But they can also provide more “delicate” services: planning special operations, collecting intelligence information and even conducting military actions.

Distribution of revenue sources in the revenue of private military companies, 2015 (according to the Internet newspaper Gazeta.ru):

Private military companies: respectable business of respectable gentlemen

In addition, it turned out that it is more convenient to use the services of “private owners” (since you don’t have to ask for the consent of the US Congress or parliament, if we are talking about European countries) and it costs less than using official structures and units. A separate “bonus” is the fact that the government is not directly responsible for the actions of PMC mercenaries, and their death does not cause public resonance.

It is not surprising that the market for services provided by various PMCs was developing rapidly, and, according to The Economist, a British magazine, in 2012 its turnover was estimated at $ 100 billion.

We must say right away that the activities of modern PMCs are so multifaceted, and the number of these “firms” is so great that in this article we will give only a brief overview and talk only about some of them.

The first private military company, Stirling (Watchguard International), as we recall, was closed in 1972, but in 1973, with the assistance of the former commander of the Allied forces in Northern Europe, Walter Walker, the UNISON PMC was established.

In 1974, the PMC Vinnell Corp. was founded in the United States, which was lucky to conclude a profitable contract in Saudi Arabia: its employees trained the National Guard of this country and took control of the oil fields.

In the same year, the famous PMC Kroll Security International was created in the USA, the task of which was at first a private investigation, and then technical intelligence (the term “industrial espionage” would probably be more familiar) and the protection of various objects.


Kroll Security International Logo

KSI acted so successfully that already in 2004 its number of employees reached 3200, at which time it had 60 representative offices in 20 countries. Kroll Security International was seeking funds from former Filipino dictator Marcos, who had fled Haiti Duvalier and even executed Saddam Hussein. And in Russia, it became widely known after the beginning of 1992 when its employees were involved in the search for the notorious “party gold” (its services cost the Russian treasury $ XNUMX million). The report provided by Kroll Security International was lost in the offices of the government of E. Gaidar, its contents are unknown. According to rumors, some money, indeed, was found, but turned out to be on the accounts of the wrong people who were “ordered”.

Later, one of the KSI employees said that "the Russian government impressed people who do not need the ordered information."

In 1975, two more PMCs appeared: Control Risks Group and Security Advisory Services. From the article “Bob Denard, Jean Schramm, Roger Folk and Mike Hoar: The Fate of the Condottieres” you must remember that the founders of Security Advisory Services named it so that the abbreviations of their brainchild and the famous British special forces Special Air Service sounded identical. And that several former employees of this PMC were in the detachment of Mike Hoar, when in 1981 he tried to carry out a coup in Seychelles.

In 1976, this false SAS gained worldwide fame after 96 European mercenaries were shown to be involved in hostilities in Angola during the trial in Luanda, 36 of which were killed, 5 were missing, 1 was captured and was shot.

In 1977, Major David Walker founded PMC Keenie Meenie Services and a subsidiary of Saladin Security Ltd, which, as we recall, was led by David Stirling in the last years of his life. Keenie Meenie Services later prepared Sri Lankan special forces units that were used to fight the Tamil Eelam Liberation Tigers and Nicaraguan Contras militants. In his work against Nicaragua, Walker worked closely with the deputy head of the National Security Council, Lt. Col. Oliver North. It all ended with the scandalous operation “Democracy”, better known as the “Iran-Contras case”: financing counter-revolutionaries of Nicaragua from the profits from illegal (bypassing the UN embargo) arms sales to Iran. It was David Walker who was accused of the terrorist attack in Managua, when on March 5, 1985 the headquarters and barracks of the Sandinista army and arms depots were blown up. Walker did not confirm his participation, but also did not categorically deny him.

KMS was also suspected of training Afghan mujahideen in camps located in Pakistan.

In the early 90's, after a series of high-profile scandals that had a great negative impact on the reputation of this PMC, it was disbanded.

In 1981, former SAS officer Alistair Morrison created PMC Defense Systems Limited, whose employees at various times worked as instructors for special forces in the UAE, Bahrain, Jordan, Colombia, Papua New Guinea, Mozambique, Uganda, Botswana, Brunei, Saudi Arabia and Singapore . In 1982, DFS provided security for De Beers Angolan enterprises; in 1986, it participated in the creation of the plantation security system of Lonhro Corporation (Mozambique). And in the 90s, this PMC concluded contracts for the protection of Shell, Chevron and Texaco oil pipelines.

In 1989, Eben Barlow, PMC Executive Outcomes (EO), was created by the former head of the West European Department of Sabotage of the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of South Africa, which was engaged in 1993 by the Government of Angola to train army units and operations against parts of the opposition UNITA movement.


Eben Barlow in Angola (center), photo taken in 1995 - shortly before completing the Executive Outcomes mission in that country

After in Angola, in 1995, Executive Outcomes entered into a similar contract in Sierra Leone, with 4 Russian-made helicopters initially controlled by Russian and Belarusian crews (later replaced by South African ones).

December 31, 1998 EO became part of the private military company Strategic Resource Corporation.

In addition to EO, other PMCs were created in South Africa: OSSI, Gray Security Services, Omega Risk Solutions, Panasec, Bridge Resources, Corporate Trading International, Strategie Concepts.

In France, the Defense Conseil Intemational, Le Graupe Barril Securite, Atlantic Intellegence, Eric SA worked.

Sandline International was created in Britain, which, incidentally, was named the first “private military company” in official documents (in 1997). Other British PMCs were created by Tim Spicer Trident Maritime and Aegis Defense Services. A Northbridge Services Group is a British-American PMC.

The most famous German private military company is currently considered Asgaard. On its emblem you can see the Viking ship and the words: "Fidelity, loyalty, discipline, honor, courage, duty."


PMC Asgaard employees:


The scope of activity of Asgard officially declared the protection of diplomatic workers, the personal protection of private individuals, the protection of various objects, the “cleaning” of mined objects, information security, the delivery of goods to dangerous locations, or escorting customer transport.

A very reputable American PMC was Military Professional Resources Inc., which was led by former commander of the US Army James Minds, as well as former commanders of American forces in Europe, John Galvin and Richard Rifitis.


Emblem PMC Military Professional Resources


Military Professional Resources Employees

It is believed that this PMC was very successful in the Balkans in the 90s. It is believed that it was her instructors and analysts (these experts who were engaged in the collection and processing of information) who played a large role in the victories over the Serbs in Western Slavonia (May 1–2, 1995), in Kninsky Krajina (August 4–8, 1995) and in Bosnian Kraine (July-October 1995). And in 2008, its employees worked as instructors in the Georgian army of Saakashvili. The successor to Military Professional Resources was PMC Engility.

By the way, after the end of hostilities in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, it was private military companies that carried out mine clearance work, earning about a billion dollars.

Another well-known US PMC, DynCorp International, guarded Haitian President Jean Bertrand Aristide in the 1990s and Afghan President Hamid Karzai in the 2000s, with air travel and the security of US diplomatic missions in Iraq, and even with the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina »In New Orleans (in 2005). The annual budget of this PMC in the best years reached 3 billion dollars.

PMC FDG Corp., founded in 1996 by former US Marine Corps officer André Rodriguez, actively opposed pirates off the coast of Somalia and the Gulf of Aden, assisted the Somali government in clearing various sites and territories. Its employees have also been noted in Afghanistan and the Gaza Strip.

In 1997, Eric Prince, a former officer in the US Navy Special Operations Forces Seals division, created one of the most famous (if not the most famous) private military companies in the US - Blackwater. Later, he created another PMC - SCG International Risk, and then the Reflex Responses Company, which in 2011 signed a contract with the UAE to train local foreign legion units.


Eric Prince


Blackwater employees

Jamie Smith, previously a CIA employee, became Blackwater Vice President. Initially, the company provided instructor services, but in 2002 the Blackwater Security Consulting division was opened, which engaged in the recruitment of mercenaries.

This PMC guarded the CIA in Afghanistan and the State Department in Iraq, including the American "governor in Baghdad" Paul Bremer (head of the US administration in Iraq in 2003-2004). Police at Virginia (Virginia) and North Carolina trained at Blackwater Worldwide. In 2005, during a flood caused by Hurricane Katrina, Blackwater employees participated in patrolling New Orleans streets and guarding various objects from marauders.

During the work of Blackwater in Iraq, up to 10 thousand employees of this PMC participated in various missions in this country, 780 of them died.

Blackwater “became famous” all over the world after it was shot at in Fallujah on March 31, 2004, and then a car with four of its employees was blown up, whose bodies Iraqis dragged along the streets for a long time, posing for numerous journalists, and then burned. Since Blackwater employees were dressed in modern camouflage uniforms, many (including journalists) initially mistook them for soldiers in the US army, and this caused a great scandal in the United States. The situation then cleared up, but the “sediment remained”, and therefore the Pentagon later conducted a demonstrative retaliation operation in Fallujah (Phanthom Fury - “The Phantom of Fury”): 107 were killed and 631 coalition forces were wounded, more than a thousand Iraqis were killed.


American armored vehicles on the streets of Fallujah during Operation Phanthom Fury

And on April 4, 2004, another high-profile incident involving Blackwater employees occurred in Najaf: the headquarters building, which was guarded by 8 PMC employees, 2 marines and several Salvadoran soldiers, was attacked by numerous Shiites (according to various estimates, from 700 to 2000 people) . The battle lasted almost a day and ended with the withdrawal of the attackers.

In September 2007, in Baghdad, Blackwater fighters came into conflict with Iraqis whose car did not give way to them: 17 Iraqis were killed and 20 injured in the ensuing skirmish (children were injured.). The scandal turned out to be very loud, the proceedings lasted for many years. As a result, three employees of this PMC received 15 years in prison, the fourth - a life sentence. In 2015, Blackwater paid $ 8 million to the families of Iraqi victims. She could afford it: only for the period from 1997 to 2010. PMC earned more than 2 billion dollars (and 1,6 billion of them - on the execution of the so-called "unclassified federal contracts", information about which is not subject to disclosure).

After this scandal, PMC Blackwater changed its name to Xe Services LLC, and in 2011 it became known as Academi.


Emblem PMC Academi


Academic PMC logo


Planning an operation by the management of PMC Academi

In 2012, Academi fighters defeated Somali pirates operating in the Puntland area. When asked by the journalist exactly how his employees distinguish "pirates" from ordinary fishermen, Prince answered:

“When I see several guys in a six-meter fishing boat in the center of the Gulf of Aden and with grenade launchers in their hands, I understand that they went out to sea not to fish.”

Other well-known and respected American PMCs are currently considered Triple Canopy and Cubic corporation.

Not all operations of modern PMCs were successful, and the scandals with Blackwater are not the most terrible failures of these “firms”. One of the biggest and most resonant failures of private military companies was the participation of the British GSG in the civil war in Sierra Leone: the detachment sent there was defeated by the rebels, and the group commander was captured and eaten (not because the rebels were starving, but the British were very appetizing and tasty - for ritual purposes).

This, of course, is far from a complete list of modern private military companies that were created at different times and in different countries of the world. Indeed, already in 2002 PMCs worked in 42 countries of the world, by this time their employees had taken part in 700 military conflicts. It is alleged that up to 2008 thousand people worked in American PMCs alone in 150, carrying out various missions in Iraq, Afghanistan, Somalia, Yemen and Pakistan. In Iraq, from 2000 to 2012 various PMCs earned over 350 billion dollars - they received them for organizing logistical support for the contingents of the United States and Great Britain: arranging bases, delivering goods (up to 10 thousand tons per day), and protecting government officials and diplomats. Various PMCs performed the same functions during army operations in Afghanistan, and in this country since 2002, 600 of their employees died.

And in 2015, many first heard about the mysterious PMC "Wagner", created in 2013 by the Russian branch of the international company Moran Security Group (specializing in protecting merchant ships from pirates). Many media outlets call the commander of this PMC a certain lieutenant colonel Dmitry Utkin, who previously served in the GRU special forces and loves Wagner's music very much (hence the name). After a reception hosted in the Kremlin in honor of the Heroes of the Fatherland on December 9, 2016, numerous messages appeared on the network about the presence of the alleged Wagner at this event. They say that the real management of this PMC is carried out from the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The Wagner group is credited with participating in the hostilities in the Donbass, on the territory of Syria (in particular, they say about the great role of the soldiers of this PMC in the liberation of Palmyra), Sudan and Libya. Information about this private military company is very contradictory, and we probably will not know the truth about its activities soon. Vladimir Putin said at a press conference in December 2018:
“If this Wagner group violates something, then the Prosecutor General’s Office must give a legal assessment. Now about their presence somewhere abroad. If, I repeat once again, they do not violate Russian law, they have the right to work, to push through their business interests anywhere in the world. ”



It is alleged that in this photograph taken in Syria - employees of PMC "Wagner"

PMC Wagner is not the first and not the only Russian PMC. These include, for example, the Slavic Corps (or “regiment”, “legion”), which in 2013 was supposed to guard various government facilities and oil pipelines in Syria, but immediately suffered heavy losses and was evacuated to Russia. Moreover, already at the airport, the returning “volunteers” were arrested on charges of mercenarism, and then the leaders were even sentenced to three years in prison. Mercenaries in Russia are still officially banned, and PMCs are usually registered as private security companies - private security companies. From an interview given in November 2008 to the correspondent of Komsomolskaya Pravda A. Boyko, the head of another Russian PMC (RSB Group, she also has a maritime branch), Oleg Krinitsyn, it became known that his employees receive weapons outside Russia: it is stored in closed containers on secure platforms on the high seas.


Other Russian PMCs are also called Antiterror-Orel, Redut-Antiterror, Cossacks, ENOT Corp., MAR, Ferax, Sarmat and some others.





All of them, of course, are much less known than the Wagner Group mentioned above. There are two possible reasons: either their activity is not so large-scale, or the already “illuminated” and advertised “Wagner” now also serves as a “smoke screen”, covering other PMCs. In addition to Syria and Libya, foreign media find traces of Russian PMCs in Yemen, Sudan, and even in Brunei.

In the following articles we will return to stories French Foreign Legion. It is estimated that since 1960 France has carried out more than 40 military operations abroad, many of them on the African continent, and most of them were armed with the Legion.

The most famous was the operation "Bonite" (better known as "Leopard"), which the second parachute regiment of the Foreign Legion carried out in 1978 in Congo. This and much more will be discussed in future articles.
Author:
Articles from this series:
Ryzhov V. A. The Great Confectioners of the Twentieth Century
Ryzhov V.A. https://topwar.ru/172141-soldaty-udachi-i-dikie-gusi.html
Ryzhov V. A. Bob Denard: “the king of mercenaries” and “the nightmare of the presidents”
Ryzhov V.A. Bob Denard, Jean Schramm, Roger Folk and Mike Hoar: the fate of the condottieres
Ryzhov V.A. David Stirling, Special Air Service and PMC Watchguard International
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  1. apro
    apro 30 June 2020 05: 31 New
    -4
    And what is the difference between a respectable company of respected gentlemen and assassins and thieves?
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 30 June 2020 05: 49 New
      22
      And what distinguishes a respectable company of respected gentlemen


      She is officially registered and pays taxes, and killers and thieves are registered only in prison or in the morgue.
      1. Edward Vashchenko
        Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 06: 38 New
        +7
        The slave owners also paid taxes, but our usurers, more correctly, microfinancers, or the producers of dope (marijuana) in some states of "Sasha" also pay taxes regularly. This does not change the essence.
        This is capitalism: money does not smell, and people are raw materials.
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 30 June 2020 07: 16 New
          +9
          Greetings, Edward. hi
          So that's what I'm talking about. Received permission. paid tax to the treasury, and you are a "decent person". If not, but do the same, you are a "thief and murderer".
          1. Edward Vashchenko
            Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 07: 23 New
            +6
            Good morning Konstantin!
            And I about it: the moral line is blurred
            hi
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 30 June 2020 07: 49 New
              +5
              With the moral facet of the problem, not only in this "business", it, this facet, is somehow not very well caught. Especially lately. request
              1. Edward Vashchenko
                Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 09: 21 New
                +2
                Absolutely agree!
          2. Glory1974
            Glory1974 30 June 2020 09: 30 New
            +3
            Received permission. paid tax to the treasury, and you are a "decent person". If not, but do the same, you are a "thief and murderer".

            Moreover, in an enlightened European world this has been practiced for a long time.
            If you yourself have typed a team and rob merchant ships - you are a pirate.
            If you bought a patent for it, you're a corsair or a filibuster. A completely respected and necessary country man.
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 30 June 2020 09: 34 New
              +8
              And later you can become a knight and admiral, as everyone respected Sir Francis Drake. wink
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 10: 30 New
                +2
                And later you can become a knight and admiral, as everyone respected Sir Francis Drake.

                The main thing is pay taxes! And you feel good, and the state! bully and it is possible for the rulers to make a separate "fit". I think Drake gave the queen tsatsek - mom, do not cry! fellow But, by the way, practically in all his campaigns, EMNIP, the state participated - financially and financially. Correct if I'm wrong! what
                One of the unlucky "privateers" can be mentioned Captain Kidd. All in all - he captured a ship with Armenian merchants! wink So they complained so that he was pulled up! request
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 30 June 2020 10: 36 New
                  +4
                  Hi, Nikolay! drinks
                  Judging by that. what I read about Drake, he not only presented the queen with tsatska ... um ... how to say it ... Well, in general, after that there are children, not always, though Lizzy didn’t have them. smile
                  But don’t catch the Armenian merchants, everything is seized from them! fellow Here, the same Drake did not touch them and safely lived to old age. laughing
                  1. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 10: 43 New
                    +4
                    Well, in general, after this the children come, not always, though, Lizzy didn’t have them.

                    The epic film "Anonymous" says something else! laughing God knows who they were there and when he was ... Officially, she was generally chaste! bully Bastards are even attributed to Pal Petrovich - how much he loved his wife! request
                    But don’t catch the Armenian merchants, everything is seized from them! Here, the same Drake did not touch them and safely lived to old age.

                    It was not necessary for the Spaniards to expel Jews from the country! stop That would have been at least one on the ships robbed by Drake - so would have complained where necessary, that would have to apologize and return the clothes back! With a percentage!laughing
                    1. Catfish
                      Catfish 30 June 2020 10: 47 New
                      +4
                      Officially, she had the title Queen Virgin. smile
                      But let's better not talk about it, in my long and unrighteous life I met completely different virgins. request
                      1. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 11: 08 New
                        +4
                        But let's better not talk about it, in my long and unrighteous life I met completely different virgins.

                        The most popular ancient character immortalized in sculpture, and who is neither a god, nor a holder of power, nor a figure of science and art, was a young man Antina. That one was definitely immortalized for dubious merits! wink And also this pretty entertainer distracted Adrian from building a shaft named after himself, so that noble, but thieving Pictish peisans would not hang around for tzatsk and other goodies in Roman Britain!angry
                        Yes. Hooked up the topic. drinks
                      2. Catfish
                        Catfish 30 June 2020 11: 14 New
                        +4
                        Did you mean this shot? laughing
                      3. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 11: 33 New
                        +4
                        Did you mean this shot?

                        Yeah, just not a frame, but a muddy cedar! laughing
                        In Russia there are five antique sculptures of his name. One bust - in Gatchina, in the White Hall of the Grand Palace. Perhaps purchased by order of another Grigory Orlov. what

                        In the same White Hall of the Gatchina Palace there is also a figure of Antinous in the Egyptian attire. But this is a copy of the 18th century. By the way, the antique original from which this copy was sculpted was found at Adrian's villa in Tibur (Tivoli). That’s how the shaft builder was touching his minion! lol

                        http://history-gatchina.ru/article/egyptwh.htm
                  2. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 30 June 2020 11: 51 New
                    +5
                    Quote: Sea Cat
                    I have met completely different virgins in my long and unrighteous life. request

                    With well-hung tongue laughing
                  3. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 11: 54 New
                    +3
                    With well-hung tongue

                    Yes, they lied so that you hear. laughing drinks
                  4. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 30 June 2020 11: 56 New
                    +3
                    And not only lied. Suspended tongue - a pledge of a lip from 20k €, 2-year-old Cayenne and a visa extended for several years to Sasha! laughing . drinks
                  5. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 12: 08 New
                    +3
                    Suspended tongue - a pledge of a lip from 20k €, 2-year-old Cayenne and a visa extended for several years to Sasha!

                    .. already a whole generation of such made-redone sits on dating sites in search of dad. The same poses, the same faces ... as if they were made in an incubator ... No. Ugh. Honestly, Albert, sad!
                  6. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 30 June 2020 12: 15 New
                    +3
                    Why so sad? laughing Restaurant of her dreams, S class leasing and a good evening is provided))
                    This is if the girl is 8 + -9
                    If 7 is cheaper. Taxi Medium Restik, laughing
                  7. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 12: 20 New
                    +4
                    Why so sad?

                    I am for a normal relationship, not cash! laughing
                    If 7 is cheaper. Taxi Medium Restik

                    how is everything in your algorithm! wink
                  8. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 30 June 2020 12: 30 New
                    +4
                    Normal relations always cost more and bring more smut, make sense only for the sake of reproduction
                  9. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 12: 34 New
                    +4
                    Normal relationships always cost more and bring more smut

                    not without it often. wink
                    only make sense for breeding

                    but I do not agree with you! laughing but, since to each - his own, each will remain at his own! drinks well him .. Philosophical debate. Everyone has their own life and their own rules. You have yours, I have mine, Antinous and Adrian have mine too. laughing
                  10. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 30 June 2020 12: 41 New
                    +3
                    I agree - everyone has their own rules))
                  11. Catfish
                    Catfish 30 June 2020 12: 43 New
                    +4
                    ... but I do not agree with you!

                    And I completely agree with you. drinks
                    Own example convinces. But someone is not lucky. request
                  12. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 12: 52 New
                    +4
                    Own example convinces. But someone is not lucky.

                    God knows him ... Life sometimes looks like a lottery ... drinks Glad many of us are doing well! yes and the rest - to each his own, and rightly so. We are different! But we get genuine pleasure from communicating with each other. drinks
                  13. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 30 June 2020 13: 25 New
                    +3
                    Quote: Sea Cat
                    ... but I do not agree with you!

                    And I completely agree with you. drinks
                    Own example convinces. But someone is not lucky. request

                    Here it’s not lucky - not lucky)).
                    And in personal needs from this life - each has their own hi
    2. Catfish
      Catfish 30 June 2020 12: 42 New
      +3
      Not only did I mean that. laughing
  2. Catfish
    Catfish 30 June 2020 12: 39 New
    +3
    And their language, at times, replaced many other things. laughing
  • apro
    apro 30 June 2020 09: 03 New
    0
    Quote: Sea Cat
    And what distinguishes a respectable company of respected gentlemen


    She is officially registered and pays taxes, and killers and thieves are registered only in prison or in the morgue.

    And the results of their activities are not equal?
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 30 June 2020 09: 23 New
      +7
      What do you mean by the result? Money received by the mercenaries while performing the ordered work? The number of corpses after completing "specific" contracts? Something else?
      Now the result of the thief. Positive for him - he is at a profit. Negative - he is in prison, or lies in the grave.
      In my opinion, it makes no sense to talk about the results for the killer, especially not motivated.
      What do you see the similarities?
      Our military personnel did what in all kinds of Asia, Africa and Lat. Americas? Have you defended your homeland? They did the same thing as the mercenaries, only paid them a pittance, and they "worked" there not of their own free will. It's time to already learn to call things by their proper names, not children already.
      Not tired of dividing the world into "scouts" and "spies"?
      1. apro
        apro 30 June 2020 09: 36 New
        -2
        Quote: Sea Cat
        And what do you mean by the result?

        Forceful seizure and retention of another's property. Physical elimination of persons obstructing this criminal business.
        And do not draw the internationalists into this discourse of Soviet wars. Not for the loot did they fulfill their duty to the country and people.
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 30 June 2020 09: 53 New
          +6
          And do not draw the internationalists into this discourse of Soviet wars

          Something I did not notice any "internationalism" among our guys who fought in Afghanistan. Not tired of carrying this Glavpurov's nonsense? Is internationalism in Syria now too? Do they also fulfill "their duty to the country and the people" there? Do you take those around you for idiots, or small children? Or they themselves are not far from these two categories.
          1. apro
            apro 30 June 2020 10: 00 New
            -1
            Quote: Sea Cat
            Not tired of carrying this Glavpurovsky ravings?

            Not tired.
            You respected Russia and the USSR do not confuse. In Syria for the loot. In Afghanistan for the interests of the country.
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 30 June 2020 10: 13 New
              +4
              The name of the country Russia must be capitalized; this country successfully existed hundreds of years before it was renamed the USSR. And she, Russia, will continue to exist. The USSR with its ideology ate itself, not lasting even hundreds of years.
              As for Afgan, you would at least talk with those who were there not by "vocation", but by call. Out of several dozen men, I have not met a single one who would think that he was defending the Motherland there. No one! They didn't fucking need it all.
              It would be better if our guys remembered that at their own expense and at their own peril and risk they went to Donbass to defend a just cause. These were just not fighting for any money.
              So no, you have IDEOLOGY, you know.
              Boring You are a person and predictable. All the best. hi
              1. Undecim
                Undecim 30 June 2020 10: 50 New
                +3
                It would be better if our guys remembered that at their own expense and at their own peril and risk they went to Donbass to defend a just cause.
                A good example of what propaganda can do.
                1. Catfish
                  Catfish 30 June 2020 10: 51 New
                  +2
                  I will answer in a personal. Jupiter, you are not always right.
                2. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 30 June 2020 17: 02 New
                  0
                  My respect, Victor Nikolaevich!
                  Please be careful! If you quarrel with Uncle Bones, I will be very upset. crying
    2. Glory1974
      Glory1974 30 June 2020 09: 33 New
      +2
      And the results of their activities are not equal?

      If you killed a man and robbed him - you are a murderer and your place in prison. If you killed a person in a group (army) organized and equipped with the state - you are a hero.
      The results seem to be the same, but at the same time they differ significantly.
  • Finches
    Finches 30 June 2020 07: 12 New
    +6
    Private military companies always have the state in one way or another to solve not very plausible tasks ... and if the state is not, then this is not a private military company, but an organized criminal group!
  • parusnik
    parusnik 30 June 2020 07: 38 New
    +3
    The former kill on the basis of a license, the latter without. In principle, nothing new. Corsairs, privateers with a license, pirates without a license ...
  • tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 30 June 2020 08: 27 New
    0
    Quote: apro
    And what is the difference between a respectable company of respected gentlemen and assassins and thieves?

    Everything is the same, only PMCs "don't use a hairdryer."
  • Senka naughty
    Senka naughty 21 September 2020 03: 21 New
    0
    Nothing, except that they cannot be involved in organizing their activities. They can be called murderers and thieves, only in part.
  • Free wind
    Free wind 30 June 2020 06: 28 New
    +3
    On the territory of their countries, PMCs are not harmful, they help. Well, what they do in other countries does not bother anyone. Winners are not judged, but they will be caught, so they will devour. Apparently Kok, oh, that is, Cook, was also from the PMC, maybe he wanted to arrange a coup. But the sorcerer, the beast, sniffed this affair, and ate Cook.
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 30 June 2020 06: 40 New
      +8
      Quote: Free Wind
      Well, what they do in other countries does not bother anyone.

      Well yes! And very convenient! "Where did you see the American troops? They are not there! And the PMC is a PRIVATE firm. They have business!" No one can find fault with interference in internal affairs.
      1. BARKAS
        BARKAS 30 June 2020 09: 29 New
        +4
        It is advantageous for PMCs to use the state as cannon fodder in official losses and they will not have to be responsible for them if something happens.
    2. Edward Vashchenko
      Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 06: 41 New
      +7
      On the territory of their countries, PMCs are not harmful, they help.

      For the time being, for the time being.
      The Romans also thought so, creating PMCs from the Goths and other vandals, and they, oops, defeated Rome.
      1. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 09: 47 New
        +5
        The Romans also thought so, creating PMCs from the Goths and other vandals, and they, oops, defeated Rome.

        Edward, and from a later period we can recall the Poles. As far as I remember, the campaign of False Dmitry was a private shop, and the troops gathered magnates. what Even one hundred and fifty years after that, the same Pane Kohanku, if desired, could easily recruit his own army! fellow
        the detachment sent there was defeated by the rebels, and the group commander was captured and eaten (not because the rebels were starving, and the British were very tasty and tasty for ritual purposes).

        The author - subtly, subtly joked, Valery! wink have a nice day, everyone! drinks
        1. Edward Vashchenko
          Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 09: 54 New
          +5
          Good day!!!
          I totally agree. He wrote about the Romans just right away. PMCs - of course, pure water mercenaries, always existed, the great historian Thucydides - What is not the head of PMCs? laughing
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 10: 19 New
            +2
            the great historian Thucydides - why not the head of PMCs?

            By the way, I didn’t know about him! yes
            Then we can mention the mythical Eurystheus, who sent to solve the nuances of his Wishlist a certain Hercules and Iolaus who joined him. laughing
            The coronation took place on December 2. Pope Pius VII and the newly-minted “Pepin Short” left the Tuileries Cathedral at ten o’clock in the morning. There was a very severe frost, the marshals and dignitaries carried frozen regalia, the imperial power - the scepter, sword and crown of Charlemagne, and the poor father froze so that he probably cursed the story of Stephen III, who had the stupidity to hand the crown to the robber Pipin Korotky... (Pikul, "To Each His Own")
            Often the state begins from the moment when an ambitious robber with a dashing gang appears on any territory!laughing Although you, as a historian, may disagree with me! drinks
            Ah, I remembered! "White Rajas" Brooks in Kalimantan in the 19th century. Quite a private promotion! request
            1. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 30 June 2020 10: 31 New
              +6
              Often the state begins from the moment when an ambitious robber with a dashing gang appears on any territory!
              "Bring the girls, I'm soot, red lead,
              Make-up lies on the face,
              Rurik is coming to us from Europe,
              Our first legitimate prince! " (FROM) laughing
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 10: 38 New
                +3
                Rurik is coming to us from Europe,
                The first prince is our legal!

                Well, by the way, in July in Staraya Ladoga a festival of reenactors is held, which recreate the arrival of that same Rurik! In 2016, I visited it. In one frame, even my bald head flickers ... laughing
                1. Edward Vashchenko
                  Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 11: 11 New
                  +3
                  Very, very interesting, right thing!
                  Oh, how to visit!
                  1. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 11: 15 New
                    +3
                    Very, very interesting, right thing!
                    Oh, how to visit!

                    I don’t know if they are going to this year in connection with all the known events ... request in general, no matter how on weekends I go past the Murmansk highway along the Ring Road - it’s constantly standing. sad From ethnographic, I remember, in Koporye in the summer "Koporskaya fun" is held, but there without reenactors (it is not yet known what happened to the fallen arch with the only horse in Russia). hi
              2. Edward Vashchenko
                Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 11: 11 New
                +3
                Anton! hi
                There's something about it!
            2. Edward Vashchenko
              Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 11: 09 New
              +3
              Bravo! Bravo!
          2. Ryazan87
            Ryazan87 30 June 2020 19: 10 New
            0
            I do not know what Thucydides is the head of PMCs. Yes, he was a strategist and commanded the Athenian squadron (unsuccessfully), but what is the point of mercenaries - it is not clear.
            Xenophon, yes, he really is very close to the activities of PMCs.
            About the Romans - if you mean the federals, then they are quite far in essence from the concept of PMCs. The federals are the official auxiliary units of the Roman army, and they often served not for money, but for land and privileges (such as the self-aware Russians from the self-aware republic).
  • Ros 56
    Ros 56 30 June 2020 06: 31 New
    0
    Funny, the German company, and Kalashnikovs.
    1. Free wind
      Free wind 30 June 2020 07: 54 New
      +1
      In the top photo, the girls most likely have the "Highber Pass" submachine guns of the Afghan-Pakistani, more precisely, basement-granary production. The Hans have the same. No one will arm themselves with them. Photos for fun.
      1. fider
        fider 30 June 2020 14: 23 New
        +3
        Ros 56, free wind

        On the top photo are Tavors and AK-47.
  • Edward Vashchenko
    Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 06: 38 New
    +5
    Interesting article. Detailed!
  • rocket757
    rocket757 30 June 2020 06: 50 New
    +4
    Everything is the same as with spies / scouts .... friends / strangers.
    All the same, the brain must have a certain degree of shifting, Schaub about such a "job" to dream.
    1. Edward Vashchenko
      Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 07: 26 New
      +4
      I don’t think anyone is dreaming.
      With Amers, this is business: they got Latins and put them into battle, losses - well, yes, yes.
      For us, for an ordinary soldier - to live as it should.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 30 June 2020 07: 53 New
        +3
        I do not presume to judge or condemn. As we were brought up, so I perceive now ... but this is my personal opinion.
      2. Free wind
        Free wind 30 June 2020 08: 54 New
        +7
        It seems blacks and Latinos, there are very few in PMCs, street heroes do not go there. They can kill, and whites require work. And they are so high. Amerov’s specialists, blacks and Latinos in the composition from 0 to 3%, even Indians in the composition more, although they have more privileges than blacks.
        1. Edward Vashchenko
          Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 09: 56 New
          +3
          Alexander,
          I mean the Latinists are not US citizens, they are recruited in Latin America, but here is one of the composition of PMCs of Americans in Iraq:
          During the Iraq war of 2003–2012, the US Army actively engaged private military companies to guard its own military bases.
          Thus, in 2008-2011, the private military company EODT (EODT) guarded up to fifteen US Army military bases in Iraq under the contract. In addition to U.S. and South African citizens, as shift supervisors, they involved Romanian, Bulgarian, Bosnia, Russian and other Eastern European countries.
          The ranks of ordinary security guards as well as squad and platoon commanders were held by citizens of Uganda and Sierra Leone.
          1. Edward Vashchenko
            Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 09: 57 New
            +2
            Latinos, but the Latinists turned out)
  • Catfish
    Catfish 30 June 2020 07: 18 New
    +5
    Valery, thank you! Honestly, I would like more information about "Wagner", if possible. Still, his own, "native". hi
    1. VLR
      30 June 2020 07: 29 New
      +8
      A small article could be written about Wagner, but the information is too muddy. Something more or less specific is written only on English-language sites, but everywhere - like the British in the Skripals case: "Highly Like". "With a high degree of probability, but we will not give evidence, gentlemen take their word for it." Therefore, I did not go into details.
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 30 June 2020 07: 44 New
        +3
        I see, sorry, of course. request
        1. Slavs
          Slavs 30 June 2020 10: 01 New
          +4
          H.Molkino, Krasnodar Territory. Type in a search engine. An announcement hangs on Avito - security guard, 90, shift from 000 months. You can call. From the information received, draw certain conclusions. They will be correct. If you look for information that is catastrophically small, it will be interesting. YouTube channel Soldier's truth. There is reason to trust. And the sediment will remain very unpleasant.
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 30 June 2020 11: 13 New
            +3
            Quote: Slavs
            H.Molkino, Krasnodar Territory. Type in a search engine. An announcement hangs on Avito - security guard, 90, shift from 000 months. You can call. From the information received, draw certain conclusions. They will be correct. If you look for information that is catastrophically small, it will be interesting. YouTube channel Soldier's truth. There is reason to trust. And the sediment will remain very unpleasant.

            Is this organization recruiting and training them?
            1. Slavs
              Slavs 30 June 2020 12: 15 New
              +2
              If I correctly understood the essence of the issue, then yes. This. Coaching - loudly said. Based on what I found out. In open sources.
              Geographically closer to you, maybe more information ...
              1. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 30 June 2020 12: 18 New
                +5
                I was not interested - not that age, of the acquaintances, only one is “all life is war”, and the location interests me only in the ostrich farm, on the contrary, to show the children laughing
                1. Slavs
                  Slavs 30 June 2020 12: 23 New
                  +3
                  But I did not know about the ostrich farm ...)
                  I say the closer, the more information))
                  1. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 30 June 2020 13: 59 New
                    +3
                    By the way - Krasnodar Territory is a paradise, where there is everything))
                    No wonder Putin made Sochi a city of federal significance
          2. Grazdanin
            Grazdanin 30 June 2020 14: 22 New
            0
            Quote: Slavs
            YouTube channel Soldier's truth

            Gray Zone is an interesting channel. But there it is about the war.
      2. Undecim
        Undecim 30 June 2020 11: 07 New
        +6
        By the way, why did you leave the Chinese PMCs behind the scenes?
      3. Jack O'Neill
        Jack O'Neill 30 June 2020 23: 24 New
        -1
        There was a whole article about Wagner on Dvacha, with links and proofs. It lasted several days, after which it was removed. It doesn't take a genius to figure out why an article was deleted.
        In that article, by the way, proofs were laid out about the Wagravites, who tortured and burned the Syrian, and from there I threw a photo of one of them, with a photo of a passport.
        Unwanted Old in RuNet actively cleaned up. Freedom of speech, Th.
    2. Ryazan87
      Ryazan87 30 June 2020 19: 14 New
      +2
      Well, this photo was seen for sure)
      1. Catfish
        Catfish 30 June 2020 19: 19 New
        +1
        Good evening, Nikita. hi
        For the first time I see. And who is next to the GDP? And what are they famous for? I somehow do not know.
        1. Ryazan87
          Ryazan87 30 June 2020 19: 32 New
          +2
          Far right - Mr. Dmitry Utkin, aka "Wagner". the rest from left to right: Andrey Bogatov, Andrey Troshev and Alexander Kuznetsov. Troshev is a fairly public person, he made statements about Syria when there was a dark story there with an American airstrike on Russian PMCs. These people are famous for their common cause, I think, have already understood how. In principle, it has already reached Wikipedia there)
          1. Catfish
            Catfish 30 June 2020 19: 41 New
            +2
            Thank you, everything is clear. And where do the legs grow from there too.
  • Strashila
    Strashila 30 June 2020 07: 25 New
    +2
    Let us not forget that in this field, too, China does not stand still defending its interests in Africa.
  • Krasnodar
    Krasnodar 30 June 2020 10: 34 New
    +8
    Why compare them with thieves and killers? After the demobilization, even in a prosperous country, a normal man does not smile to sit on the neck of his parents. Options for the year 2000 are to make money so that with a calm head, while not working and not parasitizing on mom and dad, run into school or start your own business:
    1) Fishing boats in Alaska. Earnings - $ 5000 per month. Advantages - no adventures. Disadvantages - physical work, the first two years you throw money away in the common fund or lean overboard - in the literal sense. Write off for an accident.
    2) The protection of different ships in the Red Sea is an advantage: you eat like a boar, if you work on a cruise ship - your personal life is very dynamic and diverse)). Disadvantages - pay a penny - up to $ 2k.
    3) Legion - you’ll earn and even save. The disadvantages are not the fact that you will get there, a tough army structure (is it necessary for demobilization?), And, ultimately, the wrong money
    4) Colombia - up to 5-7K per month, depending on work and position. Advantages - money, girls, other delights and everything is cheap. And save up. And you live. Disadvantages - working for a drug cartel with all the risks of such employment is a clear crime.
    5) Africa - you work to protect diamond copies, about 6K per month. Advantages - nowhere to spend grandmas. Disadvantages - it is necessary to punish the stealing Africans, and to show. Other things like that - the mines are where the control of government troops ends and Benya begins smile More precisely, groups consisting of a dozen carts and a bunch of youngsters with Kalash.
    As a result, he did not have time to demobilize, an Arab uprising began, he guarded Jewish settlers near the house for about $ 3K per month)).
    1. Edward Vashchenko
      Edward Vashchenko 30 June 2020 11: 15 New
      +5
      Colombia - up to 5-7K per month, depending on work and position. Advantages - money, girls, other delights and everything is cheap. And save up. And you live. Disadvantages - working for a drug cartel with all the risks of such employment is a clear crime.

      Yes, demobilization did not have such problems in the USSR laughing laughing laughing
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 30 June 2020 11: 19 New
        +6
        The USSR is a different world. You study and get a scholarship and ship potatoes once a week (plus you steal a bag of potatoes) and enough. According to the late father, even on girls and adventures))
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 13: 30 New
          +3
          According to the late father, even on girls and adventures

          adventure sometimes suffers an occasional itching in the ass laughing
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 30 June 2020 13: 33 New
            +5
            The question is where to catch them - thinking at the entrance for three - that's for sure, only itching is enough))
            1. Pane Kohanku
              Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 13: 37 New
              +3
              The question is where to catch them - thinking at the entrance for three - that's for sure, only itching is enough

              Sometimes in the evening it’s enough just to walk past those who have already figured out for three! request the main thing is that these three should be idiots ...
              1. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 30 June 2020 13: 52 New
                +5
                If you train, and they are well drunk, the main initiative.
                1. Pane Kohanku
                  Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 14: 02 New
                  +3
                  If you train, and they are well drunk, the main initiative.

                  Only a running champion can be rude to a boxing champion! laughing
                  1. Krasnodar
                    Krasnodar 30 June 2020 14: 04 New
                    +6
                    Or shooting
                    It's easy to offend a pianist
                    To name the poet
                    But you won’t offend the boxer
                    Boxers, uncle, well done fellow
                    1. Pane Kohanku
                      Pane Kohanku 30 June 2020 14: 32 New
                      +3
                      Or shooting
                      It's easy to offend a pianist

                      How warm at one time Bubalik told me: "Anyone can offend an artist ..." drinks
                      1. Phil77
                        Phil77 30 June 2020 16: 30 New
                        +4
                        * The artist needs a little bit!
                        Paper, canvas, sheet music and pen!
                        Plus inspiration, creativity reward.
                        And get-togethers with a muse-like wine! *
                        Simon Feiten.
                        Friends! But today, the derby of all Russia !!! good
                      2. Krasnodar
                        Krasnodar 30 June 2020 17: 13 New
                        +3
                        According to statistics - we won.
                      3. Phil77
                        Phil77 30 June 2020 17: 18 New
                        +3
                        Albert! Just not that! You are for * Spartak * ??????? It’s just that CSKA has no chance in this match, like this season.
                      4. Krasnodar
                        Krasnodar 30 June 2020 17: 19 New
                        +3
                        Ahh ... that's not it, I'm Lokomativ Krasnodar and Maccabi Tel Avia. In Basketball))
                      5. Phil77
                        Phil77 30 June 2020 17: 21 New
                        +3
                        Krasnodar? I understand. But. Why Loko? To the baskets, to be honest, indifferent.
                      6. Phil77
                        Phil77 30 June 2020 17: 29 New
                        +3
                        Damn! One football in my head today !!!! You’re basketball * Loko * mean !!!!
                      7. Phil77
                        Phil77 30 June 2020 17: 39 New
                        +3
                        I didn’t understand right away, because there are * Krasnodar * and * Lokomotiv * in the league! But with * Maccabi * everything is clear with these guys we play only in European competitions.
                      8. Krasnodar
                        Krasnodar 30 June 2020 17: 53 New
                        +3
                        CSKA has more NBA boxes, so from about 2010 Moscow-Africans defeated Afro-Jews laughing
                      9. Phil77
                        Phil77 30 June 2020 18: 44 New
                        +2
                        Ha, ha, ha !!!!! Afromoskvichi !!!!!! * Come in large numbers * !!!!!!! tongue Yes, while the mood is wonderful. I think that even a defeat with a large score will not spoil it. I call it an anticipation of action. good
                      10. Krasnodar
                        Krasnodar 30 June 2020 18: 47 New
                        +2
                        To be honest, I'm not a fan at all. Well, there are all kinds of elections - yes. )))
  • Undecim
    Undecim 30 June 2020 10: 41 New
    +6
    The first private military company, Stirling (Watchguard International), as we recall, was closed in 1972
    However, he could not sit still, and already in 1974 Stirling began to create Great Britain 75, which recruited former military personnel, often former members of the SAS, as well as a contingent from the aristocratic clubs of Mayfair. Stirling feared "non-democratic events" in Great Britain, and the "office" he organized was to take over the government (no more and no less) in case the government turned out to be incapacitated. True, the contingent gathered so resolute that Stirling was seriously alarmed that the "comrades" would wait until the government "lost control" and quickly scrapped the project.
    In parallel, Stirling, at the request of his friend James Goldsmith, was engaged in the trade union movement, or rather, its destruction from the inside. Famous Kathleen Mary Losinska - his frame.
    But Stirling wasn’t happy with such a scale, and in 198. he organized a new PMC - KAS Enterprises. The challenge is the fight against poaching in Africa. What they were actually doing - nobody still knows for sure. The firm officially closed in 1991, shortly after Stirling's death.
    1. Undecim
      Undecim 30 June 2020 11: 17 New
      +5
      Typo - 1986 - Creation of KAS Enterprises.
  • Threaded screw
    Threaded screw 30 June 2020 11: 10 New
    +4
    in particular, they talk about the great role of the soldiers of this PMC in the liberation of Palmyra


    “Slavic corps” (or “regiment”, “legion”), which in 2013 was supposed to guard various government facilities and oil pipelines in Syria, but immediately suffered heavy losses and was evacuated to Russia.
    6 or 3-300x (I don’t remember), 1,5 months of work, withdrawn due to violation of the basic terms of the transaction by the Syrian side.
  • Arthur 85
    Arthur 85 30 June 2020 12: 40 New
    +3
    Um. Well, the first PMC was founded by the first tribe leader on planet Earth. Alas, History did not retain his name.
  • Hazarov
    Hazarov 30 June 2020 13: 00 New
    +2
    Cool! PMC! A kind of free Welsh arrows of His Majesty! So, what is next? Hundred Years War? Plague? And for refusing to hire PMCs, they, like the ancient Welsh, will
    to storm and rob cities and kill rulers?
    What was it called then? Free knighthood? Swiss Guard? Free Cossacks? Emirs and their nukers?
    Oh well! Heh!
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 30 June 2020 14: 06 New
      +4
      How much do you take per gram? )))
      I do not plan to pin up, I envy white envy in the plan hi
      1. Hazarov
        Hazarov 30 June 2020 14: 21 New
        +2
        The Welsh had a specific rate. 1 guinea per day per person in gold. But the Cossacks in the service of Henry IV, the same cost no less! And by this, it’s not worth it!
  • dokusib
    dokusib 4 July 2020 04: 06 New
    0
    Doesn't the "Slavic Corps" have anything to do with "Wagner"? I believed that the second arose from the first
    1. VLR
      4 July 2020 06: 38 New
      0
      Utkin (Wagner) participated in the expedition of the Slavic Corps, but created his own PMC.
  • barin
    barin 8 July 2020 12: 25 New
    +8
    The law of the jungle has not gone anywhere "Who is stronger is right" If someone can afford to hire a third force, he will certainly do it.