Military Review

Ships and submarines in service with the Main Directorate for Deep-Water Research

40

Special-purpose submarine BS-64 “Moscow Region”


This article will talk about one of the most secret units of the Ministry of Defense of Russia - the Main Directorate of Deep-Water Research (GUGI). The GUGI is directly subordinate to the Ministry of Defense and is engaged in deep-sea and oceanographic research, search and rescue of sunken ships, physiological studies of the effect of large depths on the human body, and tests of emergency and rescue equipment.

Service at the State Institute of State Administration at special nuclear submarines and deep-sea atomic power stations (AGS) is considered the most dangerous and responsible. Immersion depths of 3-6 kilometers, secret tasks of national importance, the need for high technical literacy, knowledge of the operation of components and assemblies, psychological stability required the formation of crews exclusively from officers and the medical examination during selection, similar to that for astronauts.

Gugi hydronauts are the elite of Russia's submarine forces. The work of the 10th detachment of hydronauts GUGI awarded the Order of Nakhimov. In addition to them, only the crews of the cruisers "Peter the Great", "Varyag" and "Moscow" were awarded this order. It is the hydronauts and their work that are the most classified part of the GUGI.

The Main Directorate of Deep-Water Research is armed with surface ships, nuclear submarines and deep-sea vehicles. Let's consider them in order.

Surface ships



Project 22010 Cruise Oceanographic Research Vessel

Oceanographic research vessels of project 22010 Kruys - A series of special-purpose vessels for conducting comprehensive studies of the oceans. Project ships can explore both the thickness of the ocean and its bottom. For these purposes, the ship is based on deep-sea inhabited and autonomous uninhabited underwater vehicles. Oceanographic vessels can also be used for rescue purposes - the equipment allows you to search for sunken objects on the seabed. Vessels have a equipped platform for one helicopter. The project vessel can operate in ice and, along with mapping, performs the functions of a universal surface and underwater reconnaissance.

The main special equipment of the vessels of project 22010 are inhabited autonomous deep-sea vehicles of two types: project 16810 "Rus" and project 16811 "Consul".

Project ships have a displacement of 5230 tons, cruising speed - up to 15 knots, cruising range - up to 8000 miles, autonomy - 60 days and a crew of up to 60 people.

As a propeller, two helical columns (WRCs) with a drive from electric motors are installed. Each WRC is able to rotate 360 ​​degrees, which ensures the retention of OIC - even in a strong storm, the ship can be located almost without offset from a given point.

The reconnaissance capabilities of the project’s vessels are not known for certain, but the work of the Yantar vessel in October 2016 off the coast of Syria was widely resonant. For some time, the ship was above submarine fiber-optic cables, and rumors about the ability of Amber to listen to such cables and even cut them were widely spread in Western media.

Currently composed fleet there is one ship of the project - "Yantar", the second ship - "Almaz" is being tested and will be transferred to the Navy this year.


Experimental vessel of project 11982 "Ladoga"

Experimental research vessels of project 11982 Designed for testing special technical means, participating in search and rescue operations, conducting research and oceanographic work. These vessels are capable of operating in ice, mapping water, performing the functions of a universal deep-sea and surface reconnaissance, and can perform the functions of a rescue and cable vessel.

Vessels have a maximum speed of 12 knots, a range of 1000 miles, autonomy - 20 days, a crew of 16 people, the expedition - 20 people.

As part of the Russian Navy, two vessels of Project 11982, Seliger and Ladoga, are currently serving. Another vessel, Ilmen, is under construction.


Transport floating dock of deep-sea research apparatus of project 22570 “Apartment”

The closed transport floating dock "Sviyaga" of the project 22570 "Apartment" It has a carrying capacity of 3300 tons, a length of 134 m, a width of 14 m, a draft of 2,67 m. The transport dock is equipped with an automated control system for working with payloads (diving / surfacing). The dock is used as a carrier of autonomous deep-sea vehicles. Also provides transportation of ships and vessels on inland waterways from north to south.


Rescue marine towing multi-purpose vessel of the project 20180 Zvezdochka

Rescue marine towing vessels of the project 20180 Zvezdochka Designed for search and rescue operations, providing tests of naval weapons and equipment. Vessels can also search and examine sunken objects. For these purposes, a deep-sea vehicle of the “Consul” type or SGA of project 18271 “Bester” is placed on the vessel. To monitor underwater objects, the ship is equipped with remotely controlled uninhabited underwater vehicles "Tiger" and "Quantum."

The vessels have a displacement of 5500 tons, a maximum speed of 14 knots, and a crew of up to 70 people. Ships are equipped with a helipad for one Ka-27 helicopter, and ships are also equipped with towing equipment for other ships and three cargo cranes. Two aft cranes, with a lifting capacity of 80 tons and a boom lifting height of 4,5 to 19 meters, carry out the launching and lifting of rescue vehicles or loading and unloading, provide lifting of sunken, floating or bottom objects, including large ones.

The ships of this project are equipped with two Shorch diesel-electric power plants KL6538В-AS06 of 3625 hp. each, as well as four 1680 kW diesel generators and two 1080 kW generators. The movers of the vessel are two fixed-pitch propellers on the helm-steering columns and two bow thrusters.

To date, the Navy has one ship of the project - the head ship Zvezdochka.


Oceanographic research vessel of the project 20183 "Academician Alexandrov"

Oceanographic research vessel of the project 20183 "Academician Alexandrov" has a displacement of 5400 tons, a maximum speed of 14 knots, a crew of 65 people. The propulsion system is similar to that on Project 20180 ships. The ship has a take-off and landing site for one Ka-27 multi-purpose helicopter. The ice class of the Arc-5 vessel allows independent navigation in annual Arctic ice with a thickness of up to 0,8 m in winter-spring navigation and up to 1 m in summer-autumn navigation. The navigation area is not limited.

“Academician Alexandrov” is classified as an oceanographic research vessel and is described as “a multi-purpose vessel of reinforced ice class designed to conduct research and scientific work on the shelf of the Arctic seas, ensure the operation of Arctic marine equipment, rescue operations in the Arctic”.

Currently, the fleet includes one vessel of the project - Academician Alexandrov. The possibility of laying the second vessel is being considered.

Submarines, nuclear deep-sea stations, deep-sea inhabited vehicles




Special-purpose submarine BS-136 Orenburg

The research submarine of special purpose is the carrier of the inhabited deep-sea vehicles of project 09786 BS-136 Orenburg. Initially, the nuclear submarine was built according to project 667BDR Kalmar and became part of the fleet in 1981, but in 1996 it was assigned to a subclass of special purpose submarines. After a corresponding modernization, Orenburg in 2006 joined the fleet as a special-purpose submarine. The submarine has an underwater displacement of 15 tons. GEM consists of two water-cooled reactors VM-000C.

September 27, 2012 during the expedition "Sevmorgeo" BS-136 "Orenburg", playing the role of the carrier of the deep-sea nuclear research station - submarine AS-12 project 10831, known as "Losharik", reached the North Pole.

The current status of the submarine is unknown. Perhaps it is being repaired at the Zvyozdochka TsS.

Special-purpose submarines of project 09787 BS-64 “Moscow Region”. Built under the project 667BDRM "Dolphin" and joined the fleet in 1986. In 1999, the nuclear submarine was sent to the Zvyozdochka CS for repair and refitting under project 09787. On December 26, 2016, after the modernization of the special-purpose nuclear submarine BS-64 “Moscow Region”, it was transferred to the fleet. The nuclear submarine has the following characteristics: underwater displacement of 18 tons, the maximum immersion depth of 200-550 m, crew - 650-135 people. GEM - 140 VM-2SG reactors with a total capacity of 4 MW.

Ships and submarines in service with the Main Directorate for Deep-Water Research

Nelma Project 18510 Deep-Water Nuclear Station

Nuclear deep-water stations of the project 18510 "Nelma". Presumably, the complex was created to conduct reconnaissance operations, interfere with combat patrol routes of the Russian Navy, solve scientific and technical problems, save people in extreme situations, lift various equipment with military equipment of a potential enemy that sank in the sea, and perform other special operations .

The Nelma AGSs have a total displacement of about 1000 tons and are equipped with one 10 MW reactor. The case is made of titanium alloy. During the design, the felling was not provided, but due to the fact that the hatch of the airlock compartment was flooded with water even with minor sea waves, it was later mounted during the next repair. AGS do not have weapons. For deep-sea diving operations are equipped with a pressure chamber. Able to dive to a depth of 1000 m.

According to the projects 18510 and 18510.1, 3 gas stations were built, according to open sources, all of them are in the fleet. Their carriers are BS-136 and, possibly, BS-64.


Nuclear deep-water station of the project 1910 "Sperm Whale"

Nuclear deep-water stations of the project 1910 Sperm Whale they have an underwater displacement of 2000 tons, an underwater speed of 30 knots, an immersion depth of more than 1000 m, and a crew of 36 officers of the State Institute of State Administration. The hull of the submarine is made of titanium alloys. Probably, the submarine has an improved propulsion system, which has several side systems that change the motion vector of the submarine. With the help of these small shunting engines, the Sperm Whale can soar above the basaltic bottom of the ocean.

The following equipment is supposedly installed on board the submarine: echo sounder, television surveillance system, side-scan GAS, magnetometer, satellite navigation system, high-frequency profilograph, deep-sea photography equipment, remote-controlled robotic arm, water sampling system, pressure chamber for divers and exit system divers on the ground.

According to open sources, the fleet includes 3 gas stations of the Sperm Whale project, but their exact status is unknown.


Nuclear deepwater station project 10831 "Gate"

Nuclear deep-water station AS-12 of project 10831 "Wicket" or "Losharik" - the name by which it is known to the general public, was accepted into the fleet around 2010. AGS has a total displacement of 2000 tons. The hull of the deepwater station is assembled from high-strength titanium compartments having a spherical shape, in which the bathyscaphe principle is implemented. All compartments of the boat are interconnected by aisles and are located inside the light hull. According to various sources, the AGS can dive to a depth of 3000 to 6000 m.

There is no armament at the station, but at the same time it is equipped with a manipulator, telegraph (bucket with a television camera), dredge (rock cleaning system), and also a hydrostatic tube. The Losharik crew includes 25 people - all officers. Underwater “Losharik” can be several months.

The alleged carrier of the AGS of the project is the special-purpose submarine BS-136 Orenburg.


Scientific research autonomous deep-sea station of the project 16811 “Consul”

Research autonomous deep-sea stations of projects 16810 "Rus" and 16811 "Consul" based on the ships of projects 22010 Kruys and 20180 Zvezdochka. Bathyscaphe built on similar projects and have slight differences. The AC-37 of the Rus project was included in the fleet in 2007, the AC-39 in 2011. “Rus” has a total displacement of 25 tons and can dive to a depth of 6000 m, “Consul” has a displacement of 26 tons, and is capable of diving up to 6270 m. The crew of bathyscaphes - 2-3 people. The devices have a resource for 500 dives to a depth of more than 4000 m and 1000 dives to a depth of 4000 m.

Appointment of devices pr.16810 and 16811:
1) classification and video recording of objects on the seabed;
2) the implementation of underwater technical work using a manipulator;
3) inspection of underwater structures and facilities;
4) delivery to the ground or lifting to the surface of objects weighing up to 200 kg.


DeepWorker 2000 Submarine

DeepWorker 2000 Submarine based on the Seliger pilot vessel of project 11982. The Canadian-made device is capable of diving to a depth of 1000 m, the duration of the dive is 6 hours in normal mode and 80 hours in emergency mode. DeepWorker 2000 is equipped with 4 engines, 1 hp each. each. It is possible to install a wide range of additional equipment on the device: manipulators, video cameras, sonar, Doppler lag, sonar navigation system. The device has a hemispherical dome, providing excellent visibility to the pilot. The dimensions of the dome make it easy to make photo or video shooting on non-specialized cameras without the need for expensive underwater cameras or boxes. The relatively small mass - 1800 kg - and the compactness of the apparatus allow the descent and lifting of the apparatus by any non-specialized ship crane of sufficient capacity, as well as transported by any means of transport. The Deep Worker is controlled by one pilot.

Projects Under Construction


In the interests of the GUGI, a rather intensive construction of ships and nuclear submarines is currently underway. Next, we will talk about projects that in the near future should go into service with the GUGI.


Oceanographic Research Vessel Project 02670

Oceanographic research vessel "Eugene Gorigledzhan" of project 02670 created on the basis of the rescue tug MB-305, built in Poland, at the Szczecin shipyard in 1983 and serving in the Northern and Baltic fleets, which reduced its construction cost by 40%. According to project 02670, it will be converted for underwater technical work, environmental monitoring of the marine environment, oceanographic surveys of the bottom layer, and assistance to search and rescue forces at sea. The ship will take on board inhabited deep-sea vehicles of the Rus, Consul type and rescue vehicles of the Bester type. The ship's displacement is 4000 tons, autonomy is 30 days, the crew is 32 people and 25 members of the expedition. The entry of the ship into operation is planned for 2021.


Oceanographic research vessel of project 16450 Garage-Guys

Oceanographic research vessel Akademik Ageev of project 16450 Garage-Gyuis. There is little information about the ship. "Academician Ageev" is so classified that even its geometrical dimensions and displacement are not disclosed. Since the ship is oceanographic, that is, intended for sailing in the ocean zone, making the longest voyages, including to the shores of the United States, it belongs to the first rank. In this connection, it can be assumed that its displacement is not less than 10 tons, and maybe more. It is known that it provides a set of forces and means for research, including with the help of deep-sea unmanned vehicles, the possibility of which is provided for on this ship.


Special submarines K-329 Belgorod, project 09852

Special submarines K-329 Belgorod, project 09852 originally built under project 949A Antey, however in 2012 the submarine was reloaded on a new project. During completion and redesign, the length of the nuclear submarine increased from 154 to 184 m, the hull width was 18,2 m, which makes Belgorod the largest submarine in the world.

Underwater displacement of nuclear submarines is, according to open data, 30 tons, the maximum immersion depth is 000 m, underwater speed is 600 knots, the crew is 32 people. The power plant consists of two OK-107V reactors with a capacity of 650 MW each.

The main weapon of Belgorod should be the Poseidon nuclear torpedoes (the media reports about the ability of the nuclear submarines to carry 6 such torpedoes), and the submarine may also be the carrier of the project 10831 Kalitka ASG and deep-sea drone type Klavesin-2R-RM.

The entry of the submarine into operation is expected this year.


Infographics dedicated to the Khabarovsk Special Purpose Submarine Project 09851

If little is known about the nuclear submarine Belgorod, then about special-purpose submarine Khabarovsk, project 09851 - almost nothing. There is not even exact information whether it will be subordinate to the GUGI. It is assumed that a new type of reactor will be installed on the nuclear submarines and it, like Belgorod, will be the carrier of strategic nuclear torpedoes Poseidon.

Presumable characteristics of Khabarovsk: length - up to 120 m, displacement - up to 10 tons, maximum immersion depth - 000-400 m, propulsion system - 500 nuclear reactor and water jet propulsion. It is assumed that the submarine used many design solutions previously developed on the nuclear submarines of project 1 Borey.

According to the plans, Khabarovsk is due to be commissioned in 2022.

Conclusion


The secrecy of the GUGI's activity makes it difficult to objectively evaluate the work of the department. However, the fact that the department is building the most modern oceanographic vessels, nuclear submarines and deep-sea vehicles indicates that the state highly appreciates the work of the Main Directorate for Deep-Sea Research and is ready to invest in it.

Undoubtedly, the GUGI works for the future, because for a long time it has been known about the huge natural resources concentrated at great depths under water. For example, huge reserves of oil and gas have been discovered on the Arctic shelf of Russia.

However, the leading role is given to military missions. Here is the opportunity to influence the deep-sea communications of a potential adversary, and the creation of new types weapons able to work at great depths, and missions to raise critical objects from the ocean floor.

Therefore, the work of the State Property Management Administration in the coming years will receive decent funding and logistical support.

However, if the future of the GUGI looks cloudless, then the other departments of the fleet are not so happy. But more about that in the next article.

To be continued ...
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Articles from this series:
Auxiliary vessels: ships the fleet cannot do without
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  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 15 May 2020 06: 09 New
    28
    Thank you, that's for the sake of such articles and it is worth going to VO!
  2. Andrei Nikolaevich
    Andrei Nikolaevich 15 May 2020 06: 21 New
    22
    Great article. And the GUGI is seven feet under the keel.
  3. rudolff
    rudolff 15 May 2020 06: 46 New
    +7
    Half of the named ships have no relation to the GUGI.
    1. Nemo
      Nemo 15 May 2020 08: 10 New
      -1
      can you specify which?
      1. kepmor
        kepmor 15 May 2020 08: 55 New
        0
        well, at least 29 arrpl from Deer ...
    2. Dmitry from Voronezh
      15 May 2020 08: 52 New
      +3
      I can say for sure that according to open sources, all the vessels mentioned in the article are related to the work of the State Property Management Administration.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. rudolff
        rudolff 15 May 2020 10: 11 New
        +7
        According to these open sources, our UNiO MO is exclusively content with boats, but all that is bigger - well, of course, GUGI!
  4. naburkin
    naburkin 15 May 2020 06: 54 New
    +2
    Great article. We look forward to continuing.
    1. Dmitry from Voronezh
      15 May 2020 08: 31 New
      +3
      Thank! Glad to! hi
  5. Angelo Provolone
    Angelo Provolone 15 May 2020 07: 13 New
    0
    The name "Gate" is impressive. Kalinka, even cooler
    1. neri73-r
      neri73-r 15 May 2020 14: 23 New
      +1
      Quote: Angelo Provolone
      The name "Gate" is impressive. Kalinka, even cooler

      And "Gvarityra", and "Garage-Guys" ??? It's not bad too.
  6. Free wind
    Free wind 15 May 2020 07: 18 New
    +2
    It’s interesting how the diver lands on the ground, he must hang on the hook, and the hatch should be large. , after diving, say 300 meters, he should sit in a pressure chamber for a couple of weeks. And scuba divers, usually a safe depth is considered to be 30-40 meters, and then they must undergo decompression at a depth of 10 meters, at least 5 minutes. There are scuba divers records with a diving depth of 200 meters. There, too, decompression is needed for a week, otherwise krants. One girl is sorry for the freedivers, diving without a scuba gear, tried to jump 250 meters and disappeared, she jumped 200 meters. I don’t remember the last name. Cutting the fiber optic cable is not a problem, but it is impossible to read information from it without opening it.
  7. Whirlwind
    Whirlwind 15 May 2020 07: 22 New
    +6
    70% of the surface of our planet is covered by the waters of the oceans. Many secrets are hidden there, and it’s right that Russia at the highest technological level participates in their solution ...
    1. tanki-tanki
      tanki-tanki 15 May 2020 08: 24 New
      -1
      Of course it is!
  8. Al Asad
    Al Asad 15 May 2020 07: 33 New
    13
    Oceanographic research vessel "Almaz" project 22010 "Cruis" after launching. Port of Kaliningrad.
    My photo.
  9. Cyril G ...
    Cyril G ... 15 May 2020 08: 15 New
    +6
    Our Navy already has a big problem with multi-purpose nuclear submarines, as a result, Belgorod, instead of being completed according to Project 949AM as a carrier of Caliber, is kooped and mutilated. What for. Does it make sense for us to have unique carriers as Gigatorped carriers?
    Gigatorpeda only then has any operational sense, if it is transported on a Kamaz tanker, it can be lowered into the water by a regular crane from any pier and sent to the last journey. What do we see?
    1. Dmitry from Voronezh
      15 May 2020 08: 37 New
      +4
      There is no single opinion about "Poseidons" - someone is "for". someone is "against". So far, nothing can be said unequivocally, since the product is undergoing tests and how they will end is unknown. In general, the idea is not new, even Academician Sakharov (if I am not mistaken) proposed a project of an atomic torpedo for strikes on coastal cities. So, I think, if the Poseidons confirm the declared characteristics during tests, then our strategic nuclear forces will have a new tool that expands their capabilities.
      1. Cyril G ...
        Cyril G ... 15 May 2020 09: 10 New
        -2
        Read Gusev's "Torpedo Life" if I remember the name correctly. Already then sober people pounded the gigatorpeda under the bunk. You understand to have media that are unique in their acoustic portrait for gigatorpedos, I can't even comment without a mat. And the fact that we sacrificed the completion of the 949th project for the sake of gigatorpedizm applicable especially in the midst of TMV, is a crime called "Treason to the Motherland" in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation ..

        The condition when they would be useful I called.
        1. Andrey NM
          Andrey NM 15 May 2020 10: 52 New
          +6
          Quote: Cyril G ...
          And the fact that we sacrificed the completion of the 949th project for the sake of gigatorpedizm applicable especially in the midst of TMV, is a crime called "Treason to the Motherland" in the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation ..

          The same can be said about BS-64, when the new SSBN 667bdrm of the project was actually withdrawn from the strategic forces and "rebuilt" it for almost 20 years. And this is in the presence of Project 941 boats, standing without weapons, also not yet old at that time and, with appropriate alteration, capable of dragging a whole flotilla of such devices in their inter-hull space, considering that before that there were 20 mines, each of which had rocket weighing 90 tons.
          1. Cyril G ...
            Cyril G ... 15 May 2020 10: 59 New
            +2
            Yes, a reasonable option. With 941 ave. As it is very not costly
          2. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA 15 May 2020 16: 22 New
            +4
            Quote: Andrey NM
            The same can be said about BS-64, when the new SSBN 667bdrm of the project was actually withdrawn from the strategic forces and "rebuilt" it for almost 20 years. And this is in the presence of 941 boats of the project, standing without weapons

            PMSM, pr. 941 is too large for the GUGI. Yes and at that time with 941 there were options.
            Another question is why the new BDRM should be fooled if at that time there were live BDRs (moreover, one of them was put under refurbishment)? One of the Pacific Fleet is still alive.
            1. Andrey NM
              Andrey NM 15 May 2020 17: 41 New
              +2
              Quote: Alexey RA
              Another question is why the new BDRM should be fooled if there were live BDR at that time.

              It is truth too. But if you take "Belgorod", then the scale of the "steamer" there is commensurate with the 941st project.
              It's a shame for K-64, especially if I went out to sea on it when it was still a normal "fresh" SSBN.
            2. Andrey NM
              Andrey NM 15 May 2020 18: 14 New
              +6
              Quote: Alexey RA
              One of the Pacific Fleet BDR is still alive.

              But only yesterday we said goodbye to Viktor Kirillovich Gupalov, the former general director of the Krasnoyarsk Machine-Building Plant (Krasmash). Hero of Socialist Labor, State Prize Laureate, Candidate of Technical Sciences, Professor ... I think that every rocket submariner, everyone who served on boats of 667 projects, who at least once opened the product forms, heard about this man. For 30 years (1975-2005) he led this enterprise and did a lot for the development of the fleet. Largely thanks to him, our maritime strategic component still lives on today. He did not allow in the dashing 90s to destroy a strategic enterprise that today works for the benefit of Russia's defense capability. And nowhere was it reported. But it is largely thanks to him that we have Sineva with Liner, and now Sarmat is being built at these facilities. You know, he was a person of the level of Makeev, Reshetnev, etc. It is clear that nothing is eternal, but still ...
            3. timokhin-aa
              timokhin-aa 16 May 2020 12: 30 New
              +2
              Yes, not one, one in the ranks so far, "Ryazan", the rest have been taken out of service for several years, in my opinion, not all of them have been disposed of, and they would have been pulled for restructuring under the GUGI.
              The fact that new boats are allowed to be refitted is complete nonsense, especially with regard to the "Belgorod".
    2. +5
      +5 15 May 2020 16: 18 New
      +1
      Why do we need a mega-carrier of Caliber?
      1. timokhin-aa
        timokhin-aa 16 May 2020 12: 31 New
        +1
        To launch "Calibers" of course. What did you think?
        1. +5
          +5 17 May 2020 09: 47 New
          0
          Why run them with just such a fool? In what situation and for what purpose?
          Just keep in mind that the massive launch of a CD with conventional warheads is a senseless waste of money .... proven by "partners" in Syria ...
          1. timokhin-aa
            timokhin-aa 17 May 2020 13: 09 New
            0
            And what non-fools should they be launched? There should have been 72 missiles in Belgorod.
            And yes, in the basic version it had the same body dimensions as any "loaf", it was lengthened "under the GUGI".

            Just keep in mind that the massive launch of a CD with conventional warheads is a senseless waste of money .... proven by "partners" in Syria ...


            That is, all Caliber must be removed from service, right? They are in the non-nuclear version with us mainly.
  10. Hermit21
    Hermit21 15 May 2020 08: 30 New
    +1
    Examples of new oceanographic vessels and icebreakers show that Russia has not forgotten how to make surface ships with a displacement of over 25 thousand tons. And that means that both 22350M and 23560 are quite within reach. It would be financing and uninterrupted supply of everything necessary
  11. rocket757
    rocket757 15 May 2020 09: 29 New
    +1
    All is serious. All for an adult!
  12. Non-fighter
    Non-fighter 15 May 2020 10: 02 New
    0
    Omgf ... And then the zoo crying
  13. Pete mitchell
    Pete mitchell 15 May 2020 10: 28 New
    +5
    GUGI - seven feet under the keel, the crews always return with a victory.
    A good article, as far as you can talk about such a unit
  14. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 15 May 2020 10: 29 New
    0
    May the Russian Navy have more ships of various types and purposes ...
    1. Non-fighter
      Non-fighter 15 May 2020 11: 37 New
      -1
      Their main purpose is to work with inhabited / uninhabited underwater vehicles in the ocean zone, and to ensure the work of divers. Ok for the Arctic. You can still get a separate project. Well, + rescue work. Different ship - different crew and so on. Unification? no, not heard.
  15. Undecim
    Undecim 15 May 2020 10: 52 New
    10
    This article will talk about one of the most secret units of the Ministry of Defense of Russia - the Main Directorate of Deep-Water Research (GUGI).
    GUGI is not "one of the most secret". "One of the most secret" is the military unit No. 45707 subordinate to the GUGI, stationed in Peterhof. It is she who is engaged in the operation of nuclear deep-water stations, the crews of which have the official status of hydronauts. The main tasks are reconnaissance activities, wiretapping of cables, installation of motion sensors on probable routes of movement of submarines, collection from the bottom of the wreckage of ships, aircraft, satellites, sunken during testing of weapons, and the like.
    Part formed in the USSR in 1978. Given that from 1978 to the present, thirty-five hydronauts received the titles of Hero of the Soviet Union and Hero of Russia, the unit performs its functions properly.
    Information - from open sources.
    1. Free wind
      Free wind 15 May 2020 14: 44 New
      +2
      The awards received for testing deep-sea dives, reached the mark of 460 meters, a huge pile of problems. Then surfaced for 2 months. At an oxygen-helium mixture, in a pressure chamber, they reached a pressure of 500 meters and threw it away, the testers began to demolish the roof At the bathyscaphe, it was necessary to use tons of 4 lead shots to sink to such a depth, and then throw it all off to float. Freedivers Natalya Molchanova, I went missing, saw a docfilm trying to jump 250 meters under the water. And some write that she almost swam, and she was carried away by the underwater stream.
  16. Konstantin Pekhlivanov
    Konstantin Pekhlivanov 15 May 2020 12: 58 New
    +2
    Very informative!
    We kindly ask you to explain about BS-64 “Moscow Region”. Why was a relatively modern strategic missile carrier refitted? What prompted the command of the Navy?
    1. The comment was deleted.
  17. KSVK
    KSVK 15 May 2020 17: 07 New
    +2
    Quote: Free Wind
    It’s interesting how the diver lands on the ground. He must hang on the hook.


    Like a carcass in a refrigerator or something? :)

    Quote: Free Wind

    after diving, say 300 meters, he should sit in a pressure chamber for a couple of weeks.


    Not necessary. It all depends on bottom time.

    Quote: Free Wind

    Yes, and scuba divers


    These are really scumbags. They do things that make hair stand on end for divers in all places. :)
    By the way, among "scuba divers" or divers, the coolest are not diving deep, but diving into "overhead" environments such as caves.
    There, and preparation is much more difficult than for a dive of 200 meters.

    Quote: Free Wind

    usually a safe depth is considered to be 30-40 meters, and then they should undergo decompression at a depth of 10 meters, at least 5 minutes.


    Safe depth of 10 m. From it you can emerge at any time, regardless of the time spent at that depth. And the decompression of 5 minutes per 10 meters is .... incomprehensible. Not from that opera from somewhere. The last decompression stop occurs at a depth of 3-5 meters, depending on the diving conditions.

    Quote: Free Wind

    There are also scuba divers records with a diving depth of 200 meters. There, too, decompression is needed for a week, otherwise krants.


    The dive record with open-cycle equipment in my opinion is 323 meters. Ahmed Gabr. Decompression for less than a week.

    Quote: Free Wind

    I don’t remember the last name.


    Natalia Molchanova. Champion in freediving. Died in the Mediterranean Sea.
    But freedivers is an entirely separate topic.
    1. Free wind
      Free wind 15 May 2020 18: 31 New
      0
      A diver in a soft suit cannot swim. A helmet probably weighs 10 kg, a lead belt, and lead soles with galoshes. Some people have a balloon with air, just in case the air supply hose breaks. The total weight is 30 kg. Therefore, the diver is lowered and raised on a cable.
  18. zwlad
    zwlad 17 May 2020 22: 04 New
    0
    Interesting article. I didn’t even imagine that Russia has the majority of devices from the article