Hypersound of the empire of the sun: Japan will fight with Russia and the USA

Two steps forward




Now the world is on the verge of a new birth weapons - more dangerous and tactically deadly than anything in stories. A number of authors believe that it will not be able to change the world and will not become a revolution in military affairs, being a kind of improved version of existing cruise missiles and ballistic missiles of operational-tactical complexes. Given the fact that many modern missiles use stealth technology, which makes it difficult to intercept, this point of view is justified to some extent.

However, do not forget that a full-fledged hypersonic weapon gives its owner two important trump cards at once. The first is the extreme complexity of interception, and the second is the minimum response time to a threat. Not every enemy will quickly orient and take appropriate measures against a combat unit flying at a speed of twelve thousand kilometers per hour. Recall that it is precisely this speed, according to Deputy Minister of Defense Alexei Krivoruchko, that Russian products such as Zircon will be able to develop (although more or less confirmed characteristics for this rocket now are 8 Machs).

The Americans are still more interesting. The US military budget is several times larger than that of the PRC, and about ten times larger than that of Russia. This allows you to work in a variety of directions, whether it be air, land or sea-based hypersonic weapons. The situation looks something like this. Already in the foreseeable future get AGM-183A ARRW air-launched missile with a hypersonic maneuvering unit - the United States recently abandoned the hypersonic air-based missile Hypersonic Conventional Strike Weapon (HCSW).


The U.S. Army should receive the Long Range Hypersonic Weapon (LRHW) ground system, which is a dual launcher with ballistic missiles with hypersonic equipment Common-Hypersonic Glide Body (C-HGB). Something similar will be in fleet - Among the first carriers will be a multipurpose submarine type "Virginia".

Dreams of Regional Leadership


It’s objectively difficult for Japanese to compete with such titans as the USA, Russia or China. During the Cold War, they did not have such a developed military-industrial complex as the States and the USSR, much has to be created “from scratch”. As for China, for economic reasons it can afford much more than the Land of the Rising Sun.

However, the growing rivalry with China and the growing US orientation towards solving its (mainly internal) problems do not allow the Japanese to relax. Following the fifth / sixth generation fighter (which is starting to look less and less like the economical ATD-X and more and more like the “expensive” European Next Generation Fighter), Japan joined in the creation of its hypersonic weapons, no matter how difficult and thorny this route may seem. On March XNUMX, the bmpd blog drew attention to a document published by the Japanese Ministry of Defense's Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Agency, titled “A Vision for Promising R&D in the Implementation of Multidimensional Integrated Defense Forces”. In it, the Japanese unveiled the main aspects of hypersonic systems, which are now being developed in the country.

Hyper Velocity Gliding Projectiles


There are two complexes in total. The first is a Hyper Velocity Gliding Projectiles (HVGP) system with a hypersonic planning warhead, and the second is the Hypersonic Cruising Missile (HCM) hypersonic cruise missile. HVGP should be a ground-based mobile complex with a solid rocket that has a hypersonic gliding warhead that can hit ships and ground targets.


The first version of the system will have a range of approximately 500 kilometers, which is much less than the declared range of Russian and American systems. Recall, according to experts, the range of the already mentioned American LRHW will be able to reach 6000 kilometers at a block speed of more than five Machs. The Russian "Dagger" (which, however, is far from being considered a hypersonic weapon), depending on the carrier, has a range of 2000-3000 kilometers. Now, recall, the only carrier is the MiG-31K, the rest is only in the plans.

In the future, the Japanese want to increase the range of their complex, also focusing on “more complex trajectories”. It is also known that the anti-ship version of the HVGP is aimed mainly against Chinese aircraft carriers: there is a somewhat funny parallel with the Soviet-American confrontation at sea, where the role of the United States will be played by China and the role of the USSR by the Japanese. However, at first the Chinese have to reach at least the level that the Soviet fleet had at the sunset of the Soviet Union. So far, China’s naval forces are objectively weaker in terms of the sum of qualities.

Hypersonic Cruising Missile


In the case of the second Japanese complex, Hypersonic Cruising Missile (HCM), we are talking about a cruise missile with a ramjet engine. For a general understanding of the subject matter, one can imagine the experimental American X-51A Waverider or the aforementioned HCSW. It is assumed that the Japanese missile will be able, depending on the version, to hit ground and sea targets, which is important given the growth potential of the Chinese Navy.


Detailed specifications HCM Japanese Defense Ministry does not. However, experts note that the range of the rocket should be higher than that of the HVGP. An inertial-satellite guidance system in combination with active radar or thermal imaging homing was chosen for the rocket - the same solution was also chosen for the Hyper Velocity Gliding Projectiles. And both missiles should receive a tandem penetrating anti-ship warhead Sea Buster, and multi-purpose MEFP (Multiple explosively formed penetrator), with which it will be possible to hit both ground targets and ships.

It is known that Japan intends to put into orbit a network of seven satellites that will provide a continuous stream of data that will more effectively identify threats and induce hypersonic weapons on them. This all has new risks.

Money and weapons


Japan intends to spend substantial amounts on the implementation of the plan, even by the standards of the non-poor US Department of Defense. So, for research and development (R&D) on HVGP allocated 170 million dollars (or 18,5 billion Japanese yen) for 2018 and 2019 financial years. They want to allocate another 2020 million dollars for the fiscal year 230, with the army receiving the first version of the complex - for hitting ground targets - in fiscal year 2026. As for the Hypersonic Cruising Missile cruise missile, its entry into service is expected closer to the year 2030. And then, in the 30s, the Japanese military wanted to get improved versions of HCM and HVGP, which, of course, would require additional costs.

Hypersound of the empire of the sun: Japan will fight with Russia and the USA

In general, we can expect that Japan will become the third after Russia and the United States, who will have hypersonic weapons in the modern sense of the term. However, ahead of the Land of the Rising Sun is a difficult technological rivalry with the PRC, which may end as a conditional victory of one, or no less conditional victory of the other.
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  1. Operator 20 March 2020 18: 20 New
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    "the range of the aforementioned American LRHW will be able to reach 6000 kilometers at a block speed of more than five Machs" - the author, trim the sturgeon (range) by an order of magnitude.

    From the contradictory text of the article, one can hardly understand that the first Japanese "hypersonic" weapon is a guided warhead, and the second is a planning warhead. Both blocks are accelerated using a solid rocket type "Iskander-M".
  2. kind 20 March 2020 18: 32 New
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    The Japanese do not have a rocket science school. They also have aircraft industry since the 2nd World War. Hypersound needs serious knowledge, not only in aerodynamics, but even more in the field of behavior in the atmosphere of high-temperature plasma and how to control an object in a flame.
    1. venik 20 March 2020 20: 47 New
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      Quote: Good
      The Japanese do not have a rocket science school.

      ========
      No! What - yes, then - YES! But they have a very high scientific potential, including in the field of theoretical physics and applied mathematics and materials science (believe me - it is SO!), and the technological level is also very impressive .... So sooner or later, they may well make something together .... The whole question is WHEN ?
      In Russia, the "Vanguard" - ALREADY on combat duty, the "Dagger" - in experimental military operation, the "Zircon" - has long passed flying tests ....
      And for the Yankees - so far only B-52 with layout AGM-183A ARRW flies under the wing ......
      So, until it comes to the Japanese ...... Maybe the “Dagger” and “Zircon” are already out of date. request
      1. KCA
        KCA 21 March 2020 06: 43 New
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        “Zircon” flight tests have passed a long time ago, at the moment tests are underway when launching from a ship, we are waiting for launch from a submarine, these are no longer flight flights, these are tests of combat use, then what do Yap and other mattresses go for another 10 years, if they reach, In general, the GLA topic began to be developed back in the mid-50s, but who really achieved what, the question. I’m most likely a little conspiracy theorist, but in the 90s I somehow shut down the X-90 hypersonic program, although the GELA already showed at MAX, apparently, this was not easy, but we think the 90th flight tests of various types of GLA, 2020 - test for military use, 30 years, however, and if you count from the 50s, as many as 70
        1. venik 21 March 2020 10: 54 New
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          Quote: KCA
          30 years, however, and if you count from the 50s, as much as 70

          =======
          All this is TRUE! good But do not forget about scientific and technological progress! Today, information technology and computer technology have gone so far as to build the most complex mathematical models accelerated, not at times - in the ORDER !!! About 35 years ago, theorists somehow managed to calculate one model (propagation of electromagnetic waves in a crystalline medium with distortions of the crystal structure). About 3 months gone wrong .... But today the same thing could have been calculated per day (maximum two)!
          I don’t even speak about materials science - such materials appeared, which then did not even dream !!! So in the Japs, the timing of the creation of the GZO is likely to be shortened ..... Although very fast - they still will not succeed! drinks
          1. KCA
            KCA 21 March 2020 16: 00 New
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            Of course, it will not work, with all the acceleration of calculations, calculations and other things, all the same, the practical embodiment will reveal many unaccounted factors, which, for all their insignificance, can easily cross out all theoretical developments
    2. voyaka uh 20 March 2020 21: 01 New
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      In fact, Japan launched its first satellite on its own rocket.
      in February 1970 of the year.
      And it is the fourth country in the world in space research.
      In the launches of probes on asteroids, they came in first place.
    3. L-39NG 21 March 2020 10: 38 New
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      Mitsubishi F-2 joint development with the USA, production in Japan. Kawasaki C-2 Japanese development and production. Senior NAMC YS-11. Training Fuji T-3, Fuji T-7, Kawasaki T-4.
      Engines and their own and American.
      The Japanese space program is Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Their carriers and satellites. They fly in orbit around the Earth, successfully cope with the program for studying asteroids. Working on a visit to the moon.
  3. Amateur 20 March 2020 18: 51 New
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    In general, we can expect that Japan will become the third after Russia and the United States, who will have hypersonic weapons in the modern sense of the term.

    And when did the Americans make their hypersound? So far, only promises. Japanese
    On March XNUMX, the bmpd blog drew attention to a document published by the Japanese Ministry of Defense's Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Agency, titled “Vision for Promising R&D
    From the beginning of research to the "piece of iron" 10 years can pass, and maybe nothing will work out at all.
    So the statement
    In general, we can expect that Japan will become the third after Russia and the United States, who will have hypersonic weapons in the modern sense of the term.
    nothing is argued. Yes, and China will not wait
  4. 3danimal 20 March 2020 18: 54 New
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    About the competition with the titans: we must not forget that Japan is the 3rd world economy. And much can be taken from the United States (the only country to which AEGIS was handed over to equip destroyers), the level of trust is serious.
    1. ser56 21 March 2020 17: 10 New
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      Quote: 3danimal
      that Japan is the 3rd world economy.

      really ahead of India? GDP (PPP) for 2018 in billions of dollars
      China 1 25362
      USA 2 20494
      India 3 10498
      Japan 4 5415
      Germany 5 4456
      Russia 6 4051
      Indonesia 7 3495
      1. voyaka uh 21 March 2020 21: 05 New
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        PPP is a good UN idea "for the poor, so that it would not be offensive."
        According to it, China is richer than the United States, and Russia almost overtook Germany.
        And India - where the whole village does not have money together to buy Japanese
        TV is richer than Japan. laughing
        1. 3danimal 22 March 2020 07: 27 New
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          I agree. It's all about the calculation methods.
        2. ser56 23 March 2020 13: 04 New
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          Quote: voyaka uh
          PPP is a good UN idea "for the poor, so that it would not be offensive."

          take the Big Mac index, it was invented in the USA ... however, arguing with know-it-alls is pointless ... repeat
          Quote: voyaka uh
          And India - where the whole village does not have money together to buy Japanese
          TV is richer than Japan

          if you do not distinguish between GDP and GDP per capita, these are your problems ... request
      2. 3danimal 22 March 2020 07: 26 New
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        You can compare the budgets of countries. In Japan, it is $ 1,5 trillion. Who has more? - only in 2 countries.
      3. 3danimal 22 March 2020 07: 39 New
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        The budget of "huge" India is $ 381 billion. Near the Russian Federation with $ 260 billion. And incomparably with China and its $ 2,7 trillion. Large is not necessarily rich.
        1. ser56 23 March 2020 13: 05 New
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          Quote: 3danimal
          Large is not necessarily rich.

          this does not prevent India from having nuclear weapons, an army, a fleet, etc. request
          1. 3danimal 23 March 2020 16: 59 New
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            Like North Korea .. request
            Just by comparing the budgets it becomes clear the terrifying poverty (which we still have to look for) in India for a considerable part of the population
            1. ser56 24 March 2020 11: 33 New
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              Quote: 3danimal
              in India for a large part of the population

              in the US 50 million beggars so what? The middle class in India is larger than the population of the Russian Federation or Germany ... request
              1. 3danimal 24 March 2020 12: 08 New
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                So in Russia, the middle class is 70% of the population, as the president recently said request
                50 million "beggars" in the US live as a middle class in India, at least. Take an interest in the threshold of “poverty” in these countries.
                In India, about 70% of the poor, about half the population lives on $ 1 per day. The caste system has a significant impact on the distribution of wealth.
                And it easily fits into the comparison of budget and population.
                1. ser56 24 March 2020 12: 25 New
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                  Quote: 3danimal
                  as the president said recently

                  I’ll tell you the scary - this is his opinion and he has the right to it ... request but the happiness is that he is not an IVS and we are not obliged to repeat this under the threat of the Gulag ... hi
                  Quote: 3danimal
                  50 million "beggars" in the US live as a middle class in India, at least.

                  this is your stupidity, no more ... request
                  Quote: 3danimal
                  In India, about 70% of the poor, about half the population lives on $ 1 per day.

                  According to the World Bank, in 2018 GDP according to the PPP of India is 7762 US dollars, for comparison of Ukraine 9233 ... hi
                  1. 3danimal 24 March 2020 23: 14 New
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                    Forget about PPP. In Ukraine there is no such poverty.
                    Compare how much Hyundai Solaris can buy in 10 years, the representative of the middle class in the United States and India.
                    Or divide the annual budget of $ per resident.
                    1. ser56 25 March 2020 12: 30 New
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                      Quote: 3danimal
                      Forget about PPP.

                      if you look purely in bucks it will be even worse ... request
                      Quote: 3danimal
                      In Ukraine, there are no such beggars

                      if on Ukraine is so good, why do people run from there to earn money? request
                      however, it seems. you are from the horses for lace shorts ... repeat
                      Quote: 3danimal
                      Or divide the annual budget of $ per resident.

                      Waiting for data and comparison with Independent ... hi
                      1. 3danimal 25 March 2020 12: 40 New
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                        I live in Russia, in Ukraine - I have relatives with my colleagues.
                        however, it seems. you are from the horses for lace shorts ...

                        What are you talking about ??

                        What about emigration and migrant workers from India?
                        if you look purely in bucks it will be even worse ...

                        Let's compare: $ 381 billion budget for 1,3 billion people (India), versus $ 3300 billion for 310 million people (USA), or $ 1500 billion for 127 million people (Japan), or $ 260 billion for 140 million people ( RF), or $ 37 billion for 41,7 million people (Ukraine). Value for India is the most unprofitable. With a much greater differentiation of income. As a result, many millions live on pasture in slums.
                      2. ser56 25 March 2020 13: 16 New
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                        Quote: 3danimal
                        What are you talking about ??

                        Quote: 3danimal
                        In Ukraine

                        In the Russian language they write according to its rules, and not according to the ideas of Svidomo ... enough fashionable Tallinn ... request
                        Quote: 3danimal
                        381 billion $ budget

                        1) If it's not a secret - do you know what is included in the budget in these countries? Is it a federal or consolidated budget? Is the idea clear? hi
                        2) In order not to have the above problems, the concept of GDP is introduced, and in order to remove the influence of local peculiarities - PPV by PPP ... I gave you the data for Ukraine and India - they differ. but not fundamentally ... If you do not like the data - these are your problems ...
                      3. 3danimal 25 March 2020 15: 05 New
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                        PPS is a scam. The same models of goods, equipment cost about the same in $ in different countries. Let's say Hyundai Solaris in India costs about 800000r (equivalent). Etc. Just an average Indian buys a penny smartphone for $ 50 or less, when we have this lower price bar.
                        Only the nominal value of GDP gives an adequate picture. And the resident of Ukraine accounts for twice as much as the Indian. On the Russians, 6,25 times more.
                      4. ser56 25 March 2020 16: 40 New
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                        Quote: 3danimal
                        The same models of goods, equipment cost about the same in $ in different countries

                        1) you are mistaken - google the Big Mac index ...
                        2) For example, travel by public transport to Oslo costs 45 kroons (4,5 euros), and in Moscow 57 rubles.
                        Quote: 3danimal
                        Only the nominal GDP gives an adequate picture

                        I'm too lazy to argue with an adherent of the dollar sect ... request
                        Quote: 3danimal
                        And the resident of Ukraine has twice as much than an Indian.

                        List of countries by nominal GDP per capita (IMF, 2018)
                        131 Ukraine 2963
                        145 India 2036
                        do you have problems with arithmetic? bully
                      5. 3danimal 25 March 2020 16: 50 New
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                        I gave an example: the cost of technology. The fare price does not affect the purchase price of, say, a Siemens tomograph. Or turbines for power plants of the same manufacturer. Cars, smartphones, machine tools of specific brands.
                      6. ser56 25 March 2020 17: 42 New
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                        Quote: 3danimal
                        The fare price does not affect the purchase price of, say, a Siemens tomograph.

                        fools in Russia ... request Do not want to study - your right ...
                      7. 3danimal 25 March 2020 19: 00 New
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                        A common case: near-minded people have considerable self-conceit, believing they have a different point of view as dumber than themselves good
                      8. 3danimal April 22 2020 03: 52 New
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                        Ok, prove that Solaris in India is cheaper (and radically) than in Russia or Germany. Yes, in the latter, wages in general are the highest; in India, the lowest.
                        But import purchases come at the same price.
                      9. 3danimal April 22 2020 04: 45 New
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                        Do not want to study - your right ....

                        Learn from you? request
                        You were not convincing enough, and an attempt to switch to a person only additionally confirms the weakness of your arguments.
                    2. ser56 25 March 2020 17: 44 New
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                      Quote: ser56
                      you have problems with arithmetic

                      silent means consent... bully
                2. Cyril G ... April 21 2020 20: 07 New
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                  But grub in different countries is different everywhere, And this is the basis. As well as fuels and lubricants and stuff, everything is different and very strong.
                  Conclusion - GDP at face value does not give an adequate picture. At least google the military budget of the WB and Russia. What can Russia afford, and what can not afford Britain. And the military budget in cu is approximately comparable.
              2. 3danimal 25 March 2020 15: 55 New
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                In Russian they write according to its rules.

                I am going: to Lithuania, to China, to Belarus, to France, to Russia, to Ukraine.
                We will discuss the rules of the Russian language hi
                “To Ukraine” - a common mistake, as well as the word “theirs” (gives the cultural level of a villager wink ).
              3. ser56 25 March 2020 16: 43 New
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                Quote: 3danimal
                I'm going:

                these are your and other horses speculations about the Russian language ... request
              4. 3danimal 25 March 2020 16: 48 New
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                Justify. (Emotional outbursts are not arguments wink)
              5. ser56 25 March 2020 17: 42 New
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                Quote: 3danimal
                Justify.

                I see no reason - read Soviet newspapers - everywhere in Ukraine ... request
              6. 3danimal 26 March 2020 03: 59 New
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                A lot of things were written in Soviet newspapers, for example, that the President of Afghanistan, Amin, was executed by the Afghan people ..
              7. ser56 26 March 2020 11: 22 New
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                Quote: 3danimal
                that the president of Afghanistan, Amin, was executed by the Afghan people ..

                1) Does it bother you so much?
                2) I’m talking about something else - in the USSR, newspapers with text checking were very strict ... and everywhere they wrote in Ukraine request
              8. 3danimal 27 March 2020 06: 08 New
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                I'm about the truth in the newspaper "Pravda" good
                Norms change over time. Why is the phrase "went to Thailand" rare hearing and is considered incorrect? If we are talking about the direction, the western edge of one state - this is one. "To the South, to the Far East, to the North." But "to Dagestan, to Yakutia, to the Krasnodar Territory." And even more so when it comes to a single state.
              9. ser56 27 March 2020 11: 58 New
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                Quote: 3danimal
                I'm about the truth in the newspaper "Pravda"

                you might think in other countries the newspapers write / wrote one truth ... bully
                Quote: 3danimal
                Norms change over time

                But not at the request of the horses ... request
              10. 3danimal 27 March 2020 13: 35 New
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                . you might think in other countries the newspapers write / wrote one truth ...

                Other newspapers do not position themselves as absolutely truthful (not only about Truth). Now, by the way, a more flexible tactic has been taken - they are trying to throw in many (varying degrees of absurdity and conspiracy theological) versions, to "flood".
              11. ser56 27 March 2020 13: 43 New
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                Quote: 3danimal
                Other newspapers do not position themselves as absolutely truthful.

                Can I confirm your thesis with at least one newspaper as an example? Where did she write that she sometimes lies? request
          2. Cyril G ... April 21 2020 20: 10 New
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            Tell me what kind of buddun I have to strain and relearn. I’m used to speak in Ukraine, but I won’t write and speak otherwise.
          3. ser56 April 22 2020 15: 20 New
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            Quote: Cyril G ...
            what boudun should I strain and relearn.

            Well, with Tallinn, it’s been a ride - they think, and again it’s a ride to introduce their rules into the Russian language ... request
          4. Cyril G ... April 22 2020 21: 26 New
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            It's not gonna go. Yes, and Tallinn did not work out very well. More kidding
  • BREAKTHROUGH READY 20 March 2020 19: 46 New
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    Japan will be the third after Russia and the United States, who will have hypersonic weapons in the modern sense of the term.
    in the modern sense of the term, all ballistic ones starting with FAU-2 are called hypersonic, and at the moment hypersonic weapons are not produced by completely backward Africa. What is there, even the T-72, to some extent, can rightly be called a “hypersonic ground-based anti-tank complex”.
  • Proctologist 20 March 2020 23: 10 New
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    I do not really understand about the tandem warhead, in relation to hypersonic KR - that is, it goes on Mach 5, huge kinetic energy, even explosive is optional, but in order to work in tandem, does it have to have time to shoot forward something else?
    1. Saxahorse 20 March 2020 23: 49 New
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      Quote: Proctologist
      I do not really understand about the tandem warhead

      The tandem warhead is a fashionable solution for modern cruise missiles. Ahead is a large-caliber godfather, followed by an armored penetrating warhead. Kum softens the concrete \ armor a few meters ahead, the armored core carries light and joy inside, where it explodes. :)

      They say that the results are impressive, a tandem warhead penetrates more than 6 meters of high-strength concrete (this is approximately 1.2 m steel), not counting the flooring. A very good solution for hitting hard targets.
      1. Proctologist 21 March 2020 00: 16 New
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        I understand roughly how it works, although I appreciate a detailed explanation. What I don’t understand is how a tandem response can be realized at such a speed. The warhead is in a cloud of plasma, the contact operation of the cum of the first part is doubtful - the fuse must be some very cunning. Kinetic energy is such that everything by itself turns into a plasma upon contact. Contactless operation is also not easy to implement - how to determine the distance through a plasma?

        Apparently an extremely sophisticated design ...
        1. Saxahorse 23 March 2020 00: 14 New
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          I don’t understand what you saw problems with the contact fuse. Normal, piezoelectric like any rocket. By the way, the warhead of the rocket is located closer to the middle.
  • Nikolaevich I 21 March 2020 04: 36 New
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    Judging by the projects, the development of Japan and the USA can be called, of course, with a certain convention, "following the hypersonic weapons in the wake of Russia" ... What is the main (!) In the projects of the USA and Japan? For 2 types of hypersonic weapons ...: 1. aeroballistic missile with detachable warheads; 2. KR with ramjet ... What is Russia? 2 types of hypersonic weapons: 1.KR with ramjet; 2. an aeroballistic missile with an inseparable BB ... As I wrote in previous comments, the “Dagger” is a kind of demonstrator of the concept of a certain type of hypersonic weapons, “fast-wired”! I assume that the development of “Dagger-2” (“Iskander-2”) is already underway, which will “look” somewhat different from the “original” “Dagger”, with the “existing” Iskander! It is very likely that the "Dagger-2" and "Iskander-2" will be equipped with a detachable combat unit .... managed .... planning ....!
  • Narak-zempo 22 March 2020 18: 20 New
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    And we tell them, count. Do you know how to count?