Tu-214P in coordinating the "stripping" of Aleppo and the northern borders. How many sides are needed for a Syrian theater?
For the second time in the 2016 year, a strategic optical-electronic reconnaissance and ground-targeting aircraft of the Russian Aerospace Force Tu-214P set off for combat duty over the Syrian theater of military operations, as reported by FlightRadar24. The second serial board of the RA-64514, breaking the airspace over the Caspian Sea, Iran and Iraq, arrived at 29 Hamím airbase on July 2016 of the year to conduct reconnaissance on adjacent territories controlled by the Syrian government forces, as well as to monitor the situation in the Eastern Mediterranean. The same machine was already on duty in Syrian airspace in February 2016, endorsed the situation on the demarcation line between the Armed Forces of Novorossia and the Armed Forces of Ukraine in June 2015, and also monitored the tactical situation with the movements of NATO troops in the Baltic countries in June of this year. Flight tests, which it is more logical to call the first “baptism of fire”, took place on the border of Ukraine in June 15, fixing the movement of armored vehicles and artillery of the Kiev junta, firing at the cities of Donbass.
At this time, the arrival of this aircraft in Syria could be connected at once with several important strategic events - the preparation of the operation to liberate the largest Syrian northwestern stronghold of the terrorist group Dzhebhat al-Nusra - Aleppo, the further development of the offensive in all directions of the Syrian-Turkish border, the movement of existing and the arrival of new naval strike groups in the eastern Mediterranean.
The denouement of the first and most difficult in the execution of the operation to liberate the north-western borders of Syria, we can observe in the coming weeks, days or even hours. The fighting for the city of Aleppo will be as fierce as the geopolitical and military-strategic value of this economic center and the second largest Syrian city of the same name, the most populated state governorate. The task is very complex: the Syrian armed forces, with the support of the Russian HKS, Hezbollah, the Kurds and self-defense units must suppress all the activities of the IG, Dzhebhat al-Nusra and other small terrorist groups in various parts of the city. Aleppo is in the complete environment of government forces: transport routes for the logistics of the factions are now blocked, but there are features.
The Syrian-Turkish border north of Aleppo remains uncontrolled: the cities of Afrin, Katma, and Azaz are at the disposal of the pro-Turkish “Dzhebhat an-Nusra”. The organization can freely receive provisions, ammunition, mortars and artillery systems with light armored vehicles from the Turks to oust the Syrian army from the suburbs of Aleppo. Before the Aleppo assault, dense artillery preparation for transport interchanges of terrorists near Azaz is necessary, as well as the work of the Russian Aerospace Forces. It is also necessary to control the approaches to these cities from the north (from Turkey). Apparently, these tasks will be performed by our Tu-214Р in Syrian airspace.
According to German media reports, Erdogan “cut off oxygen” to the militants of the “Free Syrian Army”, which is also sometimes supported by the Al-Nusra Front, but this information cannot be fully trusted. As time shows, Turkey can change its military-political views ten times a day. And if this is true, and Erdogan made a real rapprochement with Russia and Iraq in the fight against Islamists, let's not forget that the combat capability of the “Free Syrian Army”, and in some cases ISIS, remains on the list of US priorities , Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the entire western coalition, and therefore it is quite realistic to expect military-technical assistance to the militants near Aleppo, coming from the IS-controlled central regions of Syria, as well as using military transport aviation USA. Tu-214P in such a situation - the car is simply indispensable.
The resolution of the second issue related to the constant movements of the carrier forces of the US Navy in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea requires more careful observation. In June and July 2016, a lot of unreasonable criticism from the command of the U.S. Navy sounded towards the crew of the patrol ship SK 11540. Our sailors were accused of unsafe maneuvers 140 meters from RKR URO CG-56 USS San Jacinto, in close proximity to the EM URO DDG-107 USS Gravely, as well as an attempt to interfere with the actions of nuclear aircraft carriers CVN-69 USS Dwight D Eisenhower ”and CVN-75 USS“ Harry S. Truman ”. These actions are quite precautionary, indicating that the Russian Navy will not allow the American to dominate the fleet in the operating area of our ship group. Naturally, the Americans cannot understand this position, since the 66th operational fleet of the U.S. Navy, as well as the ships of other fleets supporting it, have been considered the main instruments of military-political deterrence at the South European theater of war in Washington for 6 years. At the same time, American KAG and AUG should not be put on a par with the rest of the NATO Allied Maritime Forces (French, British or Italian): Americans "keep aloof" from their henchmen, and in an unpredictable situation they will act in accordance with orders from Washington.
The regular grouping of the US Navy off the coast of Cyprus and in the Red Sea is currently quite large, and usually includes more 10 ships, most of which are destroyers of the class “Arley Burke” and the cruiser “Tikonderoga” with a full ammunition “Tomahawks” and “Garpunov” ". In this situation, our CBG is in the minority, which requires a stay in the cover radius of the coastal SCRC "Bastion", deployed on the Syrian coast. The Tu-214 will be able to very successfully control the actions of American AUGs near our ships until October-November of 2016, when the Admiral Kuznetsov Avenue 1143.5, with its 279 OKIAP, takes up combat duty.
As we already know, the multi-frequency radio-technical complex of the MRK-411 aircraft is capable of operating in the “subsurface radiolocation” mode at a distance of more than 100 km, detecting the enemy’s underground infrastructure at a depth of several tens of meters. High accuracy is provided by the use of 2-extraneous radar with headlamps, as well as the ventral tail radar in a radiotransparent convex fairing. The MRK-411 is capable of operating in SAR (synthesized aperture) mode for both ground and surface targets at a distance of up to 250 km, which is more than the American E-8C "J-STARS".
Optical-electronic sighting system "Fraction" allows you to establish visual contact with marine and ground targets at a distance of several tens of kilometers (depending on meteorological conditions): there is a classification and identification of targets, as well as monitoring what is happening at these sites.
Given the unpredictable behavior of US Navy ships in the Mediterranean, as well as the need to control and coordinate military operations in the north-west, north and center of Syria, the Russian AF crew must be equipped with two Tu-214Р sides, but there is an explosive situation in the Donbass, near the borders of Crimea and in the Baltics it forces us to hold the RA-64511 board at the air bases of the European part of Russia.
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