Military Review

Development of a prospective Hrazdan reconnaissance satellite has begun

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In the future, the Russian group of reconnaissance spacecraft will be replenished with new type systems. A few days ago it became known about the development of a new reconnaissance satellite project. All current work is scheduled for completion at the end of the current decade. The deployment of a group of new devices is planned for 2019 year.


About the new project of space technology for the military department reported the publication Kommersant. Information on the development of a new satellite was obtained from two unnamed sources in the defense industry and one at the Ministry of Defense. In addition, some information about a promising project, primarily the fact of its existence, was mentioned in the documentation of the developer organization. Also mentioned are some supporting work within the project.

According to Kommersant, currently the Aerospace Forces and the Progress Rocket and Space Center (Samara) are working together on a new project of a prospective reconnaissance satellite. The spacecraft of the new type received the designation 14F156 and the cipher "Distributed." Currently, the customer and the developer are engaged in consultations, during which the main features of the appearance of the new technology are determined. In the future, the design of the device should begin.

Development of a prospective Hrazdan reconnaissance satellite has begun
Scouting satellite 14Ф37. Figure Russianspaceweb.com


It is mentioned that in the middle of last year RCC Progress ordered a study on the available element base. The aim of this work was to study the 14F156 project with the definition of a list of electronic components used in it, taken out of production or manufactured by foreign manufacturers. In addition, it was necessary to determine the range of products that are under export restrictions and cannot be purchased for use in the Russian project.

Also recently, RCC Progress has updated officially published data on plans for the purchase of various products and goods. The new procurement plan features the product 14Ф156, however, details of such a project have not yet been disclosed. In general, at the moment, the vast majority of data on the 14F156 “Razdan” spacecraft remains secret and is not subject to disclosure. At the same time, domestic media managed to get some information from their sources.

Prospective spacecraft will be used in the reconnaissance grouping. Hrazdan products will become new members of the optical-electronic reconnaissance satellite family. Such equipment is proposed to be used to monitor different areas of the earth's surface in order to obtain the necessary data. The resulting information can be used to monitor the actions of a potential enemy, and in the preparation of military operations.

The source of Kommersant claims that the promising satellite Hrazdan, according to its characteristics, will be “head and shoulders above” the existing technology of a similar purpose. From its predecessors it will be distinguished by a completely new special equipment, as well as communication equipment, providing data transmission over a protected high-speed channel. Also revealed some details about the target equipment of satellites. So, starting from the third device of the series, the 14F156 products will be equipped with a new telescope with a diameter of about 2 m. The development of such optical equipment was ordered to the Krasnogorsk plant to them. Zverev. The use of a new large telescope should provide a significant increase in the basic characteristics of the apparatus.

According to the available data, at present, the tasks of optoelectronic reconnaissance are assigned to the spacecraft of the 14F37 “Persona” family. This technique was developed at the beginning of the last decade, and its operation began in the 2008 year. The first “Persona” type satellite was lost due to technical reasons several months after commissioning. In 2013 and 2015, two other devices of the same project were put into orbit. They still remain in operation and are used by the Ministry of Defense for conducting reconnaissance. There is reason to believe that this technique, among other things, is used during the current operation in Syria.

The Kommersant publication claims that in the course of recent events and operations, the Russian military faced a shortage of reconnaissance spacecraft. Due to the need to obtain the required data and due to the absence of a large reconnaissance group, the military department had to involve civilian equipment in data mining. Both own and "leased" satellites allow the Ministry of Defense to collect all the necessary data.

The development of the 14F156 “Hrazdan” project is aimed primarily at strengthening the satellite constellation with the help of new intelligence equipment. With the help of new satellites, it will be possible to increase the potential of the entire intelligence system, as well as to a certain extent, simplify the acquisition of the required data. The approximate dates for the deployment of a group of new spacecraft have already been determined.

According to existing plans announced by Kommersant sources, the first satellite of the new type will be sent into orbit in 2019 year. The launch vehicle will have to start from the Plesetsk cosmodrome. The second unit will begin work in 2022 year, the third - in another two years. Judging by the published information, after 2024, new satellite launches will continue. In addition, reconnaissance vehicles with new and improved optical systems will be launched into orbit from 24. Thus, by the middle of the next decade, the existing small grouping of 14F37 “Persona” satellites will be supplemented with more advanced technology, and after “Razdany” they will be able to completely replace current products.

Kommersant writes that the Ministry of Defense already has certain plans in case of a negative development of events. If, for one reason or another, the development of a group of reconnaissance satellites will be difficult, the military will have to take appropriate measures. In the event that existing Persons cannot fully perform their tasks or there is a delay in the launch of 14F156 products, the military will again engage civilian remote sensing devices in reconnaissance. Thus, problems with military satellites will not have serious or fatal consequences for space reconnaissance.

According to the latest data, by the end of the current decade, the Aerospace Forces of Russia will have to use for exploration the existing mini-grouping of Persona vehicles, which, if necessary, will be complemented by civilian satellites. In 2019, the launch of the first Hrazdan type satellite will take place, which will increase the capabilities of reconnaissance. Recent reports from the national press indicate that current plans for the development of a reconnaissance mission spacecraft are scheduled until about the middle of the next decade. Any information about further work in this direction, for objective reasons, has not yet been published.


On the materials of the sites:
http://kommersant.ru/
http://vesti.ru/
http://svpressa.ru/
https://lenta.ru/
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  1. Rurikovich
    Rurikovich 1 August 2016 06: 49 New
    +4
    It’s time to update in space. The Soviet reserve has not lasted forever. The iron tends to grow old, but there is nothing to say about the rapid development of computer technology. And to add the tense atmosphere around us with the escalation of hostile moods, everything speaks for a deep modernization and updating of the satellite constellation. soldier
    1. Professor
      Professor 1 August 2016 08: 02 New
      10
      Quote: Rurikovich
      The Soviet backlog is not eternal.

      The Soviet reserve has long been burned in the dense layers of the atmosphere. Russian orbits in orbit.

      Quote: Rurikovich
      And to add also the tense atmosphere around us with the escalation of hostile moods, everything speaks for a deep modernization and updating of the satellite constellation.

      There should be many spy satellites. A lot - 50-100 pieces, and not 3-4 in the year 2022. Any child knows when one of these companions will pass over his head.
      Satellites should be microsatellites the size of a shoebox and move in the direction opposite to the rotation of the earth in order to minimize the period of their revolution around the earth.
      1. corporal
        corporal 1 August 2016 10: 58 New
        +1
        Quote: Professor
        the size of a shoebox

        Somehow not compatible with: "... products 14F156 will be equipped with a new telescope with a diameter of about 2 m ..."
        1. Professor
          Professor 1 August 2016 11: 34 New
          +2
          Quote: Corporal
          It’s somehow not compatible with: "... products 14F156 will be equipped with a new telescope with a diameter of about 2 m ..."

          1. In www.vpk.name they wrote that the resolution is 2 m. request
          2. Use non-optical spectrum.
          3. Microsatellites can form a cluster and their “total” lens will be hundreds of meters in diameter.
          1. corporal
            corporal 2 August 2016 01: 36 New
            0
            Quote: Professor
            1. In www.vpk.name they wrote that the resolution is 2 m.

            Clear. The author confused the warm with the soft. fool
          2. i80186
            i80186 2 August 2016 14: 42 New
            0
            Quote: Professor
            2. Use non-optical spectrum.

            Optical is also needed. If there is nothing about satellites with other methods of observation in the article, this does not mean that they are not.
            Quote: Professor

            3. Microsatellites can form a cluster and their “total” lens will be hundreds of meters in diameter.

            They are micro and that on board do not have a powerful transmitter and source of energy. So easy to drown. The cluster is quite interesting, what volumes of information must be transferred to the ground for this? Or put on board, these same microsatellites, powerful computing resources that are protected from radiation? So energy is also needed for this, plus the protection of this electronics from the same radiation, plus additional means of communication between each of them. Even on earth, organizing such a thing between drones seems to be a significant technical problem, in orbit even harder.
            1. Professor
              Professor 2 August 2016 14: 50 New
              +1
              Quote: i80186
              They are micro and that on board do not have a powerful transmitter and source of energy.

              Power is not required, information transfer speed is required.

              Quote: i80186
              So easy to drown.

              Try it. wink

              Quote: i80186
              The cluster is quite interesting, what volumes of information must be transferred to the ground for this? Or put on board, these same microsatellites, powerful computing resources that are protected from radiation? So energy is also needed for this, plus the protection of this electronics from the same radiation, plus additional means of communication between each of them. Even on earth, organizing such a thing between drones is a significant technical problem, in orbit even harder.

              The only difficulty is the decision of the bosses to implement this method. There are no technical difficulties.
              1. Reptiloid
                Reptiloid 3 August 2016 09: 50 New
                0
                I read the article and comments. Satisfied!
              2. The stranger
                The stranger 19 December 2016 12: 04 New
                +1
                Technical difficulties are insurmountable.
                The human brain has colossal computing resources, right? In any case, in terms of image processing.
                But even people prefer to shave in front of a mirror rigidly screwed to the wall, and not before a puddle swaying from the wind, although it also reflects.
                Not to mention all the other problems of energy, navigation and resource swarm microsatellites.
      2. The stranger
        The stranger 19 December 2016 11: 54 New
        0
        It is impossible. Microsatellites live very little - up to a year from strength. And of course they can’t carry either large optics or large antennas.
  2. uizik
    uizik 1 August 2016 07: 16 New
    +1
    Not yet created, but rastryndeli to the whole world!
  3. Taygerus
    Taygerus 1 August 2016 07: 41 New
    0
    it’s high time, otherwise we’ll only bring the imported ones into orbit, it’s time to update our space eye
  4. bad
    bad 1 August 2016 08: 03 New
    +5
    About the new space technology project for the military department was reported by Kommersant. Information on the development of the new satellite was obtained from two unnamed sources in the defense industry and one from the Ministry of Defense.
    ..to give haloperidol to these "unnamed sources" ... Lavrenty Palych is not on you .. laughing
  5. Butchcassidy
    Butchcassidy 1 August 2016 08: 37 New
    +2
    Quote: sanya.vorodis
    Why did the name (code) of the satellite bother me? what repeat

    Quote: dzvero
    Well, a good name. Here is a new plot for conspiracy theorists - whether there will be free distribution of wi-fi, or it will help to distribute to all sisters quicker and better ... smile


    Armenians are related to development in any way. Hrazdan is the river on which Yerevan stands bully
  6. Mestny
    Mestny 1 August 2016 10: 06 New
    +1
    Quote: Professor
    Satellites should be microsatellites the size of a shoe box

    And nobody canceled the laws of optics so far. What diameter will the lens in a satellite be the size of a shoe box?
    In general, this is true - it is a lot and it is a small size.
  7. The comment was deleted.
  8. Old26
    Old26 1 August 2016 19: 40 New
    +1
    Quote: Professor
    There should be many spy satellites. A lot - 50-100 pieces, and not 3-4 in the year 2022.

    Dear Professor. Even in the days of the Union, when our satellites had a very short lifespan (about 10 days - 2 weeks) - even then there wasn’t such a quantity. Yes, and now will not be ...

    Quote: bad
    ..to give haloperidol to these "unnamed sources" ... Lavrenty Palych is not on you.

    Prefer to return in the 70-80s, when Western sources wrote about Soviet technology, and in our copied versions of these magazines these materials were seized? Who was worse off? Us or them?
  9. Former battalion commander
    Former battalion commander 1 August 2016 21: 58 New
    +3
    It seems that the Russian military and political leadership has just fallen from the moon, and not “steered” for 20 years and UNEXPECTEDLY DETECTED that there is NOTHING and ALL (!) Must be done from scratch! Well, if this happened not too late ...
  10. Romin
    Romin 2 August 2016 21: 45 New
    0
    If I understand correctly, then this is a generation of "live broadcast".