Military Review

Russian scientists have learned to create microresonators with high precision

64
Mikhail Sumetsky, Professor, University of Aston (England), and Research Engineer at ITMO University (St. Petersburg National Research University of Information Technologies, Mechanics and Optics) Nikita Toropov created a practical and inexpensive technology for the production of optical microresonators with record high precision today. Microresonators can be the basis for the creation of quantum computers, on this past Friday, July 22, reported the popular science portal "Attic" with reference to the press service of ITMO.

The relevance of the work in the field of creating quantum computers today is due to the fact that a number of very important tasks cannot be solved using classic computers, including supercomputers, within a reasonable period of time. We are talking about the problems of quantum physics and chemistry, cryptography, nuclear physics. According to scientists, quantum computers will become an important part of the distributed information and computing environment of the future. Building a quantum computer in the form of a real physical object is one of the fundamental tasks of physics of the 21st century.

A study of Russian scientists on the production of optical microresonators was published in the journal Optics Letters. “The technology does not require vacuum installations, it is almost completely free from processes that are associated with the treatment with caustic solutions, while it is relatively inexpensive. But the most important thing is that this is another step towards improving the quality of data transmission and processing, the creation of quantum computers and ultra-sensitive measuring instruments, ”the ITMO University press release said.

Russian scientists have learned to create microresonators with high precision


An optical microresonator is a kind of light trap in the form of a very small, microscopic thickening of an optical fiber. Since photons cannot be stopped, it is necessary to somehow delay their flow in order to encode information. This is precisely what optical microcavity chains are used for. Due to the “whispering gallery” effect, the signal slows down: when it hits the resonator, the light wave is reflected from its walls and twists. In this case, thanks to the round shape of the resonator, the light can be reflected for quite a long time inside it. Thus, photons move from one resonator to another with a significantly lower speed.

The trajectory of light can be adjusted by changing the size and shape of the resonator. Considering the size of microresonators, which is less than a tenth of a millimeter, the changes in the parameters of such a device must be ultra-precise, since any defect on the surface of the microresonator can cause chaos in the photon flux. “If the light turns for a long time, it begins to interfere (conflict) with itself, - emphasizes Mikhail Sumetsky. - In the event that an error was made in the manufacture of resonators - confusion begins. From here we can draw the main requirement for the resonators: the minimum deviation in size. "

Microresonators, which were made by scientists from Russia and the UK, are made with such great accuracy that the difference in their sizes does not exceed 0,17 Angstrom. To imagine the scale, we note that this value is approximately 3 times smaller than the diameter of a hydrogen atom and immediately 100 times less than the error that is allowed in the production of such resonators today. Especially for the production of resonators, Mikhail Sumetsky created the SNAP method. According to this technology, the laser anneals the fiber, removing the voltage frozen in it. After exposure to a laser beam, the fiber slightly “swells” and a microcavity is obtained. Researchers from Russia and England are going to continue to improve the technology SNAP, as well as to expand the range of its possible application.



Work on microresonators in our country has not stopped for the past few decades. In the Moscow region village of Skolkovo, a new house was built at #100 on Novaya Street. This is a house with mirrored walls that can compete with the sky with its blue. This is the building of the Skolkovo School of Management. One of the tenants of this unusual house is the Russian Quantum Center (RCC).

Microresonators today are quite a relevant topic in quantum optics. Several groups around the world are continuously studying them. In this case, initially optical microresonators were invented in our country at Moscow State University. The first article about such resonators was published in 1989 year. The authors of the article were three physicists: Vladimir Braginsky, Vladimir Ilchenko and Mikhail Gorodetsky. At the same time, Gorodetsky at that time was a student, and his leader Ilchenko later moved to the USA, where he began working in the NASA laboratory. In contrast, Mikhail Gorodetsky remained at Moscow State University, having devoted many years to the study of this sphere. He joined the RCC team relatively recently - in the 2014 year, at the RCC, its potential as a scientist can be revealed more fully. For this, the center has all the equipment necessary for the experiments, which is simply not available at Moscow State University, as well as a team of specialists. Another argument, which Gorodetsky led in favor of the RCC, was the ability to pay decent wages to employees.

Currently, the team of Gorodetsky employs several children who previously engaged in scientific activities under his leadership at Moscow State University. At the same time, it is no secret to anyone that it’s not easy to keep promising young scientists in Russia today - the doors of any laboratories around the world are open to them these days. And the RCC is one of the opportunities to make a brilliant scientific career, and also to receive an adequate salary without leaving the Russian Federation. At present, research is being conducted in the laboratory of Mikhail Gorodetsky, which, with favorable developments, will be able to change the world.



Optical microresonators are the basis of a new technology that is able to increase the density of data transmission over fiber optic channels. And this is only one of the possible applications of microresonators. Over the past few years, one of the RCC laboratories has learned to produce microresonators, which are already being acquired abroad. And Russian scientists, who previously worked in foreign universities, even return to Russia to work in this laboratory.

According to the theory, optical microresonators could be used in the telecommunications sector, where they would help increase the density of data transmission over an optical fiber cable. Currently, data packets are already being transmitted in a different color range, but if the receiver and transmitter are more sensitive, then it will be possible to branch one data line to an even greater number of frequency channels.

But this is not the only area of ​​their application. Also, with the help of optical microresonators, it is possible not only to measure the light of distant planets, but also to determine their composition. They can also allow you to create miniature detectors of bacteria, viruses, or certain substances - chemical sensors and biosensors. Mikhail Gorodetsky described such a futuristic picture of the world, in which microresonators are already used: “With the help of a compact device based on optical microresonators, it will be possible to determine the composition of air exhaled by a person, which carries information about almost all organs in the human body. That is, the speed and accuracy of diagnosis in medicine can increase simply many times. ”



However, for now these are just theories that still need to be tested. Before the finished devices built on their base, still far. However, according to Mikhail Gorodetsky, according to the approved plan, his laboratory should come up with a couple of years later how to use microresonators in practice. Currently, the most promising direction is the sphere of telecommunications, as well as the military sphere. Microresonators can really interest and the Russian military. For example, they can be used in the design and production of radars, as well as stable signal generators.

So far, mass production of microresonators is not required. But a number of companies in the world have already begun to release devices using them, that is, they were really able to commercialize their products. However, we are still talking only about piece machines designed to solve a narrow range of tasks. For example, the American company OEWaves (in which Vladimir Ilchenko, one of the inventors of microresonators works today), is engaged in the production of ultra-stable microwave generators, as well as excellent lasers. The laser of this company, issuing light in a very narrow range (up to 300 Hz) with very small phase and frequency noise, has already won the prestigious PRIZM award. Such an award is practically an Oscar in the field of applied optics, this award is given annually.

In the medical field, the South Korean group of companies Samsung, together with the Russian Quantum Center, is engaged in its developments in this field. According to the publication Kommersant, these works in the 2015 year were at a very initial stage, so it’s too early and premature to say something about inventions that would have applied applications.

Information sources:
http://tass.ru/nauka/3478280
http://www.kommersant.ru/doc/2740444
https://mipt.ru/education/chairs/nanoelektronika-i-kvantovye-kompyutery
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 29 July 2016 06: 31
    +2
    The construction of a quantum computer in the form of a real physical object is one of the fundamental problems of XNUMXst century physics.

    This is, of course, a matter for the future, but I am glad that our scientists keep pace with the times. And another not unimportant question, so that later our developers do not "move out" beyond the cordon, and under the guise of some merikatosny company do not start producing these very quantum computers.
    1. Pavel1
      Pavel1 29 July 2016 08: 38
      -7
      Specially for the production of resonators, Mikhail Sumetsky created the SNAP method.

      why did the Russian scientist call his work not Russian? Or is he not Russian?
      1. Cat man null
        Cat man null 29 July 2016 08: 45
        +1
        Quote: Paul1
        Russian scientist ... Or is he not Russian?

        - Sweles-2 drew? laughing
        1. The comment was deleted.
          1. Cat man null
            Cat man null 29 July 2016 09: 03
            -3
            Quote: Paul1
            Quote: Cat Man Null
            Sweles-2 drew

            and you would walk in the forest

            - and I guessed the campaign ... Hello, reincarnation! fellow
      2. Alexander Romanov
        Alexander Romanov 29 July 2016 09: 03
        +6
        Quote: Paul1
        why did the Russian scientist call his work not Russian? Or is he not Russian?

        I see you are very Russian, so much so that you write the word Russian with one C. This is probably from Russianness.
        1. Pavel1
          Pavel1 29 July 2016 09: 21
          .
          Quote: Alexander Romanov
          Quote: Paul1
          why did the Russian scientist call his work not Russian? Or is he not Russian?

          I see you are very Russian, so much so that you write the word Russian with one C. This is probably from Russianness.


          what again violated some top rules?
          As for the RUSSIAN, Dal, Muravyov, as well as the Radzivilovskaya annals, everyone says that RUSSIAN is with one S.
          1. Alexander Romanov
            Alexander Romanov 29 July 2016 09: 24
            +6
            Quote: Paul1
            As for the RUSSIAN, Dal, Muravyov, as well as the Radzivilovskaya annals, everyone says that RUSSIAN is with one S.

            Dahl quote.I think to send Little Russian, Russian, then divide Great Russian into Novgorod, Suzdal, Kazan, Siberian, etc., subordinate to each a few more local donors; It would be right to add Church Slavonic and ancient Russian ... (V. Dal, 1848)
            Am I alone here seeing two letters C? Or is bullshit a way to once again emphasize one’s ignorance?
            1. Pavel1
              Pavel1 29 July 2016 09: 26
              -5
              Quote: Alexander Romanov
              Dahl quote. I’m thinking of sending a Little Russian, a White Russian, then breaking up the Great Russian into Novgorod, Suzdal, Kazan, Siberian, etc., subordinate to each a few more local donors; It would be right to add Church Slavonic and ancient Russian ... (V. Dal, 1848)


              can the link bring your source, as expected?
              1. Alexander Romanov
                Alexander Romanov 29 July 2016 09: 34
                +6
                Quote: Paul1

                can the link bring your source, as expected?

                Sorry, I didn’t find C with one letter, but with pictures. For elementary grades.
                1. Pavel1
                  Pavel1 29 July 2016 09: 39
                  -6
                  Quote: Alexander Romanov
                  Sorry, I didn’t find C with one letter, but with pictures. For elementary grades.


                  Well, it was necessary to find, modern publications do not pass as an argument, it is necessary to cite Dahl's dictionaries of the 19th century.
                  Download the dictionary from here, there is RUSSIAN with one C.
                  //rutracker.org/forum/viewtopic.php?t=5052247
                  1. Cat man null
                    Cat man null 29 July 2016 09: 45
                    +4
                    Quote: Paul1
                    Well, it was necessary to find, modern publications do not pass as an argument, it is necessary to cite Dahl dictionaries of the 19th century

                    - well, to the bastards - the 19th century? Let’s get back to cuneiform writing, to the roots and roots, to tass ... laughing

                    Quote: Paul1
                    Download the dictionary from here, there is RUSSIAN with one C.
                    //rutracker.org/forum/viewtopic.php?t=5052247

                    - And the site is closed in the Russian Federation ... You yourself - who will you be, a Russian language expert?
                    1. Pavel1
                      Pavel1 29 July 2016 09: 54
                      .
                      Quote: Cat Man Null
                      - And the site is closed in the Russian Federation ... You yourself - who will you be, a Russian language expert?


                      ask the administrator for permission ...
                      1. Cat man null
                        Cat man null 29 July 2016 10: 03
                        +2
                        Quote: Paul1
                        Quote: Cat Man Null
                        - And the site is closed in the Russian Federation ... You yourself - who will you be, a Russian language expert?

                        ask the administrator for permission ...

                        - what for? There are easier ways to get around this lock ... fellow
                        - You don’t know them, if you ask permission from the Presidential Administration
                        - Duc, I repeat - Whose will you be? laughing
                  2. Alexander Romanov
                    Alexander Romanov 29 July 2016 09: 58
                    +6
                    Quote: Paul1
                    Well, it was necessary to find, modern publications do not pass as an argument, it is necessary to cite Dahl's dictionaries of the 19th century.

                    Do you live in the 19th century? For that matter, write all your comments according to the rules of the 19th century. You do not do this, distort, only the name of Russia and nationality.
                    1. Pavel1
                      Pavel1 29 July 2016 10: 05
                      -8
                      Quote: Alexander Romanov
                      Do you live in the 19th century? For that matter, write all your comments according to the rules of the 19th century. You do not do this, distort, only the name of Russia and nationality.


                      propose to abandon their roots and foundations? We will not do this. Principles is something that is for centuries, and not something that depends on the situation on the moment, so go by Moder.
                    2. Turkir
                      Turkir 29 July 2016 18: 04
                      +4
                      We give an example -
                      In the Life of "Cyril" it is said that, having come to Korsun (Chersonesos), he "found there" the Gospel and the Psalter, "written roski writing ".
                      "Luci is tense, crown open" - and this is from "Word .."
                      Dahl's opinion remains his opinion and nothing more.
                      Languages ​​in general, and Russian in particular, develops according to its own laws, and not according to the wishes of the Rada or the US State Department. And therefore it is written - Russian.
                      Secondly - the spelling "Russian" - today it is a Galician "find". The "zapadensky" adverbs There is NO literary language, only spoken language. This deficiency is made up for by the abundance of polonisms in their speech. And then - you have to tie the creation of the Russian state to yourself, they are "Rusyns".
                      Ambitions for ancient history abound. Farm inventors and doctors of their own sciences are doing this in order to substantiate their claims on the ancient history of Russia, to which they have nothing to do.
                      The Russians preserved historical memory in their epic stories about the heroes and Vladimir Krasnoye Solnyshko and in Russian fairy tales.
                      There is nothing like this in Ukraine. Their story began much later.
                  3. The comment was deleted.
                  4. NEXUS
                    NEXUS 29 July 2016 12: 18
                    +2
                    Quote: Paul1
                    Well, it was necessary to find, modern publications do not pass as an argument, it is necessary to cite Dahl's dictionaries of the 19th century.

                    In his dictionary, Dahl explains that the old people wrote “Russian” with one “s” - Pravda Ruska; only Poland called us Russia, Russians, Russians, in Latin spelling, and we adopted it, transferred it to our Cyrillic and write Russian!

                    Vladimir Dahl argued that writing “Russian” with two “s” was wrong, and he wrote with one (Russian, Russian, Russian land ...). In the annals there is one “c” - Russian, Russian. Where did the second “C” come from?
                    According to the rules of Latin spelling, if the letter “C” is one, then it is read as [XNUMX], and if there are two “SS”, then it is read [C]. In the Russian language, the letter “C” is always read [C] and is rarely doubled, for example: quarrel, lend.


                    Russian or Russian

                    Why double consonants when it is contrary to our language, and with a good pronunciation, can not be heard?
                    IN AND. Dal

                    Russia is the Russian people and the name of the Power (actually the Power - this is the people who manage their own lives - the Power of Russia). Russia is a plural form = Russian people. Later, RUSA began to speak, and in the singular RUSIN - p [oy] sin (m. R.), P [oy] ska (f. R.).
                    Along with the name RUSIN, the word RUSAK was in use.
                    1. Rusak - a person with traits of a Russian national character - a good simple Russian man. [Dictionary D.N. Ushakova]
                    2. Rusak is generally a Russian person, a little Ruska is a Ruska. [Dictionary V.I. Dalya]
                    3. I am not German, but a natural Rusak! - A.V. Suvorov.
                    For comparison:

                    Rusin - Tatar, Busurmanin, Nemchin, Zhidovin, Latin, etc.
                    Rusak is a Pole, a Slovak.
                    Rusich neologism is only found only in the "Word on Igor's Regiment".
                    We are Russians, not Russians.

                    Rusak - Russian language ... Russian culture, etc.

                    Russians - RUSS (Great Russians, Little Russians, Belarusians)

                    Russians are eastern Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians, Belarusians) - in decreasing order of numbers. The plural form is Rus, later the Rus; in the singular - Ruthenian, Rusak.
                    Russia is not only the name of the people, but also the name of the land on which Russian people live. The earliest mentions of Russia are found in the Tale of Bygone Years - "Novgorod Rus" and "Campaign of Russia to Constantinople." In the summer of 6390 (882), Prince Oleg the Prophet captured Kiev and declared it the capital of Russia:
                    “And Oleg, the prince, sat in Kiev, and Oleg said: May this mother be to Russian cities.”
                    * In the XV-XVI centuries, with the spread of Christianity (the Greek religion), the name "Russia" began to be used in church-book and then official documents. Accordingly, instead of Great, Lesser and White Russia, Great Russia (Great Russia), Small Russia (Little Russia), White Russia (Belarus) appeared.
                    * In the XVII century, under the influence of the Greek language, the book form of Rossa (the adjective Russian) appears.
                    * In the XVIII century, the word Rossa gets its final form - the Russians, but it did not mean all the inhabitants or subjects of the Russian Empire, but ethnicity to the Russian people. In the Russian Empire, the Great Russians, Little Russians, Belarusians - this was one Russian people. +

                    * In the XNUMXth century, the Russian people supplanted the alien “Russians” with the word “Russians”, they just forgot about the dual SS, as V.I. wrote Dal (see. Russian with two "C" - wrong).

                    Questions?
                    1. The comment was deleted.
                    2. siberalt
                      siberalt 29 July 2016 19: 29
                      -2
                      Questions to Dahl or to you? laughing
                  5. Lyubopyatov
                    Lyubopyatov 29 July 2016 18: 13
                    -3
                    That's how it is with them!
                2. iConst
                  iConst 29 July 2016 10: 50
                  +5
                  As he is warming, Socrates is my friend ... and Pavel1 is nobody to me, but nevertheless he found such a thing:

                  V.I.Dal: not Russian, but Russian!

                  In his dictionary, Dahl explains that the old people wrote “Russian” with one “s” - Pravda Ruska; only Poland called us Russia, Russians, Russians, in Latin spelling, and we adopted it, transferred it to our Cyrillic and write Russian!

                  Vladimir Dahl argued that writing “Russian” with two “s” was wrong, and he wrote with one (Russian, Russian, Russian land ...). In the annals there is one “c” - Russian, Russian. Where did the second “C” come from?

                  According to the rules of Latin spelling, if the letter “C” is one, then it is read as [XNUMX], and if there are two “SS”, then it is read [C]. In the Russian language, the letter “C” is always read [C] and is rarely doubled, for example: quarrel, lend.

                  http://www.kramola.info/vesti/metody-genocida/vidal-ne-russkij-ruskij

                  But otherwise everything is correct - communication should be in accordance with the current rules of the language. Otherwise - Moveton.
                  1. bk316
                    bk316 29 July 2016 16: 04
                    +6
                    Quote: iConst
                    But otherwise everything is correct - communication should be in accordance with the current rules of the language. Otherwise - Moveton.

                    God be with him, even if he writes in Old Russian, because he is only one word.
                    This is not a return to the roots, it is just obscurantism.
                    1. Verdun
                      Verdun 29 July 2016 23: 52
                      +3
                      Quote: bk316
                      This is not a return to the roots, it is just obscurantism.

                      What are the roots there? Where, then, yati, izitsa? Just a champion of the Russian language
                      Съ ь ь съ съ х по по ѣ ѣ ѣ
                      smile
              2. Cresta999
                Cresta999 29 July 2016 09: 57
                +1
                Pavel, have you completely lost the habit of books? :)
                1. Pavel1
                  Pavel1 29 July 2016 10: 06
                  -1
                  Quote: Cresta999
                  Pavel, have you completely lost the habit of books? :)


                  no, not weaned ...
          2. Cat man null
            Cat man null 29 July 2016 09: 27
            +5
            Quote: Paul1
            As for the RUSSIAN, Dahl, Ants, as well as the Radzivilovskaya chronicle everyone says that RUSSIAN is with one C

            - well, exactly ... and the "hare" there they did not run, by chance? wink

            Quote: Paul1
            а same Radzivilovskaya Chronicle

            - and this too - from the sources you quoted?
            - ignoramus literacy, plin negative
            1. Pavel1
              Pavel1 29 July 2016 09: 34
              -8
              Quote: Cat Man Null
              well, exactly ... and the "hare" there they did not run, by chance?

              Yes, you would walk in the forest, it’s disgusting to talk with you ...
              1. Lyubopyatov
                Lyubopyatov 29 July 2016 18: 17
                -4
                Something a whole flock of wolves attacked Paul1, to whom I testify to my respect.
                1. Outsider V.
                  Outsider V. 3 August 2016 22: 40
                  0
                  Something a whole flock of wolves attacked Paul1, to whom I testify to my respect.


                  Despite the fact that quite recently Pavel1 and I acted as opponents in a dispute on the same topic - about the number of "C" in the word Russian / Russian, and our dispute is not over (see https://topwar.ru/98474-mif-o-blagorodnyh-dekabristah.html#comment-id-6099994), I am here ready to support Pavel1 and Mr. Lyubopyatov. The question is not so simple and very interesting.
          3. Turkir
            Turkir 29 July 2016 17: 40
            +3
            Yeah, the Radziwill Chronicle.
            There could be no talk of any “Great Russian”, that is, Vladimir-Suzdal, origin of the manuscript: the text of the chronicle, really dating back to the Old Russian vaults, bears the imprints of the West Russian dialect distributed to the west of the Dnieper - in Belarus, in Volyn and in Precarpathians. And so, the copyist of the text was a native (or resident) of these areas. In addition, the paper of the Radzivilov list, as it turned out, was made at the end 80s and early 90s of the XV century in Poland.

            Do you really think that it is of the 13th century and is written in Russian.
          4. Ezhaak
            Ezhaak 2 October 2016 12: 24
            +1
            Quote: Paul1
            everyone says that RUSSIAN with one S.
            but in the mid-90s of the last century, I happened to see the "Spelling Dictionary" for schoolchildren, in which the word was suckedGO"and now what? You will order instead of"come"Say" Come "? I also saw with my own eyes a certain encyclopedia, volume 22, additional, in which Vladimir Ulyanov was called Nikolai. And what to believe now, Where is the truth, where is the truth? In Russia, for unknown reasons, the American-Kosovo state of Texas is still called Texas, Florida is called here FlorIda. Are you going to correct everyone? And how many fools, having no idea about the rules of the Russian language, call Japanese Mitsubishi as Mitsubishi! And what do you have to do with it, dear?
      3. DimerVladimer
        DimerVladimer 29 July 2016 09: 27
        +4
        Quote: Paul1
        why did the Russian scientist call his work not Russian? Or is he not Russian?


        What are you typing on the computer - it's an American notion !, with American processors! And on the American Internet through American servers send! Break the computer immediately and break the network - the creation of the damned west !!!
        Send letters on birch bark and the editorial board, in our Old Slavonic way, is nonsense ...
        1. Pavel1
          Pavel1 29 July 2016 09: 33
          -5
          Quote: DimerVladimer
          What are you typing on the computer - it's an American notion !, with American processors! And on the American Internet through the American


          Regarding my question, your answer is a provocation, just like the manul, although I can answer, the first computer was created in the USSR, the same applies to network equipment, ours were connected by a computer network when pin_day did not even think about it.
          1. Amurets
            Amurets 29 July 2016 10: 17
            -2
            Quote: Paul1
            Regarding my question, your answer is a provocation, just like the manul, although I can answer, the first computer was created in the USSR, the same applies to network equipment, ours were connected by a computer network when pin_day did not even think about it.

            Why are you? Until Teller, if my memory serves me in 1947, was waiting for new supercomputers for calculating the thermonuclear reaction, Sakharov and his comrades-in-arms made calculations on paper because there wasn’t a computer in the USSR at that time, and to begin with, start with Wikipedia.
            https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%BF%D1%8C%D1%8E%D1%82%D0%B5%D

            1% 80
            http://www.kolomna-school7-ict.narod.ru/st10501.htm
            1. Pavel1
              Pavel1 29 July 2016 10: 34
              +1
              Quote: Amurets
              What are you? While Teller, if my memory serves me in 1947, he was waiting for new

              The United States was able to establish mass production of computers first, but the first Lebedev MESM already in 1950 solved the differential equation ...
              http://statehistory.ru/3932/Istoriya-razvitiya-sovetskikh-EVM-do-1980-go-goda/
          2. DimerVladimer
            DimerVladimer 29 July 2016 13: 12
            +1
            Quote: Paul1
            Regarding my question, your answer is a provocation, just like the manul, although I can answer, the first computer was created in the USSR, the same applies to network equipment, ours were connected by a computer network when pin_day did not even think about it.


            The first analog computer, which can be called a stretch - the computer for the British - was used to decrypt Enigma messages.
            1. vadimtt
              vadimtt 29 July 2016 15: 35
              +3
              But what did everyone forget about the first programmer - Ada Byron?
              And since she was a programmer, then there were probably computers?
              So your computer for decoding Enigma is a terrible remake laughing
              Old Babbage also sends greetings to all bully
              1. bk316
                bk316 29 July 2016 16: 12
                +2
                Quote: vadimtt
                Old Babbage also sends greetings to all

                But how electronic is it?
                In addition, Babbage did not make a car (only a project) for which he wrote the programs of Ada.
          3. bk316
            bk316 29 July 2016 16: 06
            +3
            Computer was created

            "Created"maybe all the same created?
            Or is it also in Old Slavonic? laughing laughing laughing
        2. Dali
          Dali 29 July 2016 09: 57
          +2
          Quote: DimerVladimer
          What are you typing on the computer - it's an American notion !, with American processors! And on the American Internet through American servers send! Break the computer immediately and break the network - the creation of the damned west !!!
          Send letters on birch bark and the editorial board, in our Old Slavonic way, is nonsense ...

          I’ll definitely do it after the mattresses blow up all their Boeing planes using Russian titanium, blow up all the rockets with Russian rocket engines, and blow up all their nuclear power plants, for which nuclear fuel is now bought in Russia ...
          laughing laughing laughing
          1. Pavel1
            Pavel1 29 July 2016 10: 15
            -2
            Quote: Dali
            I’ll definitely do it after the mattresses blow up all their Boeing planes using Russian titanium, blow up all the rockets with Russian rocket engines, and blow up all their nuclear power plants, for which nuclear fuel is now bought in Russia ...
            laughing laughing laughing


            The main struggle with the West is now being waged on the battlefield of Rus and Western cultures, and this is, first of all, the NATIVE LANGUAGE. The Russian language does not develop, look at all the new products of mechanical engineering and electronics, for some reason everything is called not according to ours. The same new military vehicles are armata, derivation, coalition, phoenix, boomerang, because for some reason someone does not allow the Russian language to the present. It is clear that these are quite certain people and such people are represented here on the forum ...
            1. DimerVladimer
              DimerVladimer 29 July 2016 13: 26
              +1
              Quote: Paul1
              The main struggle with the West is now being waged on the battlefield of Rus and Western cultures, and this is, first of all, the NATIVE LANGUAGE. The Russian language does not develop, look at all the new products of mechanical engineering and electronics, for some reason everything is called not according to ours. The same new military vehicles are armata, derivation, coalition, phoenix, boomerang, because for some reason someone does not allow the Russian language to the present. It is clear that these are quite certain people and such people are represented here on the forum ...


              There is no struggle with the West - it is driven into the heads of the inhabitants, the rhetoric of state channels.
              In fact, hundreds of thousands of tons of cargo cross borders every day and there and back - see customs statistics (FCS website) and get rid of a naive outlook on life.

              Do not talk politicians talk seriously.
              No one in the government of Pu, regards the West as an enemy - we sell them the resources on which the power and the oligarchy and the budget of the Russian Federation feed.
              They need our cheap resources; their politicians can say anything, but their business works for Russia in many respects - for our raw materials and partially for sales.
              So this rhetoric can go on for as long as you like on both sides, without any damage to economic ties.
          2. DimerVladimer
            DimerVladimer 29 July 2016 13: 17
            +1
            Quote: Dali
            I’ll definitely do it after the mattresses blow up all their Boeing planes using Russian titanium, blow up all the rockets with Russian rocket engines, and blow up all their nuclear power plants, for which nuclear fuel is now bought in Russia ...


            I think it’s not worth waiting for anything - we will work, make the country economically developed, militarily strong, so that no one can even think of interfering in our affairs or indicating our place.
            1. Dali
              Dali 29 July 2016 14: 43
              +1
              Quote: DimerVladimer
              I think it’s not worth waiting for anything - we will work, make the country economically developed, militarily strong, so that no one can even think of interfering in our affairs or indicating our place.

              And who is against ?! belay
              In addition, if so, why write:
              Quote: DimerVladimer
              There is no struggle with the West - it is driven into the heads of the inhabitants, the rhetoric of state channels.

              Here I completely disagree with you ... the struggle is going on and it is not a joke. There would be no struggle, there would be no wars against Russia - or do you think that "they" for the sake of entertainment for centuries went to Russia with wars ... and even now they do not mind, only the guts are still thin, and I really want to live ...

              Quote: DimerVladimer
              They need our cheap resources; their politicians can say anything, but their business works for Russia in many respects - for our raw materials and partially for sales.
              So this rhetoric can go on for as long as you like on both sides, without any damage to economic ties.

              They themselves said: "They need our cheap resources" - I will add on my own: they need them and preferably for free.

              And they need us for the extraction of resources and far from all ...

              Remember the words of the "unforgettable" Margaret Thatcher, that they have enough population of 15-16 million on the territory of Russia (Soviet Union) to extract resources. Or would you say she was joking ?! belay laughing
              1. Cat man null
                Cat man null 29 July 2016 18: 33
                0
                Quote: Dali
                Remember the words of the "unforgettable" Margaret Thatcher, that they have enough population of 15-16 million on the territory of Russia (Soviet Union) to extract resources. Or would you say she was joking ?!

                - it's a duck. Thatcher didn't say that. It -
                1. Turkir
                  Turkir 29 July 2016 19: 12
                  +2
                  It did not directly say that 15 million people should be left in the USSR, but it was said more cunningly: they say that the Soviet economy is completely ineffective, there is only a small effective part, which, in fact, has the right to exist. And in this effective part only 15 million people of our population are employed.

                  Horseradish radish is not sweeter.
                  Why would Margaret Thatcher be so worried about the Soviet economy that she would give advice worth 0.00 in any currency?
                  And where did she get these numbers?
                  From the ceiling?
                2. Dali
                  Dali 9 August 2016 16: 58
                  0
                  Quote: Cat Man Null
                  - it's a duck. Thatcher didn't say that. It -


                  And you should have said directly ... and I will repeat it again, it was exactly that I spoke about ...
        3. Berg berg
          Berg berg 3 November 2016 13: 41
          0
          The first computer came up with Arseny Gorokhov called the intellectual in 1973 and received a patent for it in the USSR. but at that time he did not go to development! And the computer I have is completely on Chinese and Korean parts! And nothing American, except Windows, although it was made by a Russian, Chinese and Indians!
      4. PKK
        PKK 29 July 2016 17: 16
        -1
        Well done Skolkovo men, fired, I deep down believed that Volodya would not let them deal with any garbage.
      5. Lyubopyatov
        Lyubopyatov 29 July 2016 18: 10
        0
        He is British, from Aston University.
  2. RF92
    RF92 29 July 2016 07: 08
    0
    Error in article title
  3. Mikhail m
    Mikhail m 29 July 2016 07: 09
    -1
    To the finished devices built on their basis is still far away.

    Road going by walking.
  4. V.ic
    V.ic 29 July 2016 07: 36
    -2
    Not only in the field of ballet are we ahead of the rest ...
    We also make rockets and blocked the Yenisei.
    N.E. Vysotsky.
    1. Cat man null
      Cat man null 29 July 2016 09: 21
      -2
      Quote: V.ic
      Not only in the field of ballet are we ahead of the rest ...
      We also make rockets and blocked the Yenisei.
      N.E. Vysotsky


      Quote: Y. Vizbor "The Story of the Technologist Petukhov" (1964)
      But we make rockets, and blocked the Yenisei,
      And also in the field of ballet we are ahead of the rest

      - Do not misinterpret the classics ... dvoeshnik negative
      - yes ... and who is "NE Vysotsky" in your opinion? wink
      1. V.ic
        V.ic 29 July 2016 10: 34
        0
        Quote: Cat Man Null
        yes ... and who, in your opinion, is "NE Vysotsky"?

        Do not poke into my face Yu.Vizbor.
        Exactly! NOT VYSOTSKY! Try to put on glasses and carefully compare both texts. Similar words are available, I do not deny, but the texts are different. negative If someone proves that both mentioned texts belong to the pen of V.S. Vysotsky, then he has every right to throw his shit at me. laughing
  5. guzik007
    guzik007 29 July 2016 09: 07
    0
    Well now, the beaten track, after dozens of inventions by our scientists. Invented in Russia, introduced over the hill and exorbitantly sucked back to us in the form of finished products.
    So what! We're not merchants, we're warriors! (Presidential Adviser) Just like in the "fifth element"
  6. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer 29 July 2016 09: 34
    +2
    Ideally, scientists should pass on to engineers to implement working prototypes in the hardware and commercialize the development. Let's see how successful this technology will be, while with the advancement of applied research it was not very good.
    1. Amurets
      Amurets 29 July 2016 10: 33
      +1
      Quote: DimerVladimer
      Ideally, scientists should pass on to engineers to implement working prototypes in the hardware and commercialize the development. Let's see how successful this technology will be, while with the advancement of applied research it was not very good.

      Excuse me! I don’t remember exactly where I read, but I still remember the phrase, or rather the advice of the old designer, when the old one advised the young man to go to the assembly shop and take a course in descriptive geometry in expressions far from elegant literature.
      Here you are right that the development should go to the design and engineering bureau in order to know how to iron out these ideas. There is still a lot of work, including commissioning and debugging
  7. Rostislav
    Rostislav 29 July 2016 12: 26
    +3
    And at least one comment on the topic of the article ...
  8. Vittt
    Vittt 29 July 2016 14: 20
    -1
    Quote: Amurets
    Quote: Paul1
    Regarding my question, your answer is a provocation, just like the manul, although I can answer, the first computer was created in the USSR, the same applies to network equipment, ours were connected by a computer network when pin_day did not even think about it.

    Why are you? Until Teller, if my memory serves me in 1947, was waiting for new supercomputers for calculating the thermonuclear reaction, Sakharov and his comrades-in-arms made calculations on paper because there wasn’t a computer in the USSR at that time, and to begin with, start with Wikipedia.
    https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9A%D0%BE%D0%BC%D0%BF%D1%8C%D1%8E%D1%82%D0%B5%D



    1% 80
    http://www.kolomna-school7-ict.narod.ru/st10501.htm

    To quote "Wikipedia" is certainly bad manners. And, indeed, at least one sensible comment on the topic, and so - srach old women at the entrance.
  9. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 29 July 2016 17: 37
    +1
    Gentlemen linguists, you at least read the title of the article. After all, there is a topic for discussion. Found a brilliant technical solution for tomorrow, and you ...!
    1. corporal
      corporal 29 July 2016 17: 45
      +1
      Quote: avg-mgn
      Gentlemen linguists ..... Found a brilliant technical solution for tomorrow, and you ...!


      Quote: Rostislav
      And at least one comment on the topic of the article ...

      VO degrades slowly request
      =================================================
      I have a question for specialists (if any appear in the discussion): the speed of the photon and electron is the same, so what is the advantage of a photon computer?
      1. tasha
        tasha 29 July 2016 17: 52
        0
        the speed of the photon and electron is the same

        This is not true.
        1. corporal
          corporal 29 July 2016 18: 13
          0
          Quote: tasha
          This is not true.

          ??
          Has something changed in physics?
      2. Cat man null
        Cat man null 29 July 2016 17: 57
        +1
        Quote: Corporal
        I have a question for specialists (if those appear in the discussion)

        - Nirazu is not special. But I haven’t completely forgotten physics yet what
        - electronic devices respond to EMP. Including react in a negative sense
        - photonic (if there will ever be a thread) should not, in theory, respond to EMP.

        Correct, if I am mistaken request
        1. balabol
          balabol 29 July 2016 19: 28
          +2
          Unfortunately, you are wrong. By itself, a flying photon is of no interest to anyone. It needs to be emitted, for example, by a laser, they need to be controlled by some kind of optoelectronic switch, information needs to be entered and the result removed from the system using optoelectronic converters. All of these things are affected by EMP. However, they can be protected by certain technical solutions. In the future, quantum computers are interesting for their high speed and small size of a single "yes / no" node.
      3. balabol
        balabol 29 July 2016 19: 12
        +2
        An electron carrier can have both zero speed and a very high speed, although the speed of light is unattainable for him due to physical limitations. A photon has only the speed of an electromagnetic wave in a medium, for a vacuum of 300 km / s.
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 2 August 2016 16: 45
          0
          In crystals, scientists (In Germany, it seems) managed to slow down
          photon to the speed of the car. And generally stop for a few seconds.
  10. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 29 July 2016 17: 59
    +1
    Quote: Corporal

    the speed of a photon and an electron is the same, so what is the advantage of a photon computer?
    There are many reasons, including the problem of heat removal from the crystal. Here is a good article on the topic:
    http://www.forbes.ru/mneniya-column/284843-kvantovyi-effekt-kak-nauka-uskorit-ko
    mpyutery-v-desyatki-tysyach-raz
    1. corporal
      corporal 29 July 2016 18: 11
      +1
      The link does not work
      Quote: avg-mgn
      //www.forbes.ru/mneniya-column/284843-kvantovyi-effekt-kak-nauka-uskorit-ko
      mpyutery-v-desyatki-tysyach-raz
      1. Ezhaak
        Ezhaak 2 October 2016 17: 12
        0
        Quote: Corporal
        The link does not work
        The link works beautifully, it’s just that hands do not grow from there. But this happens to many. Hint: in the copied link you should find, select and delete %20. Simply steamed turnip.
  11. Lyubopyatov
    Lyubopyatov 29 July 2016 18: 21
    0
    Corporal: VO does not degrade, this level of discussion sometimes crumbles.
  12. avg-mgn
    avg-mgn 29 July 2016 19: 09
    +1
    Quote: Corporal
    The link does not work
    Quote: avg-mgn
    //www.forbes.ru/mneniya-column/284843-kvantovyi-effekt-kak-nauka-uskorit-ko
    mpyutery-v-desyatki-tysyach-raz

    Checked, working.
    In the search, try the article:Why will a photon computer be tens of thousands of times faster than an electronic
    1. activator
      activator 30 July 2016 18: 04
      0
      Quote: avg-mgn
      Why will a photon computer be tens of thousands of times faster than an electronic

      This means now all the equipment will be called vernacularly called photonics, not electronics. what
  13. Simple
    Simple 29 July 2016 23: 24
    +1
    The very first photon resonator:
  14. MrCollins
    MrCollins 30 July 2016 15: 48
    -1
    Yes, our Scientists are the best!
  15. Former battalion commander
    Former battalion commander 31 July 2016 21: 08
    -1
    A quantum computer is another bottomless pocket for smart-ass "scientists". What is my belief based on? And on the fact that from the first idea of ​​a "normal" computer to its REALLY WORKING sample, a maximum of a couple of decades have passed and further growth went in a GEOMETRIC progression and is NOW GOING. What do we see with "quantum computers"? It has been almost FORTY YEARS - AND NO RESULT AT ALL! This is just the same computer fusion! Here it will be and still not ... It is more and more difficult for the computer "thermonuclear scientists" to beg for money, so they write all sorts of nonsense in such articles like this. Some kind of resonator "will help (!?) Create ...", "... entangled quanta ...". Empty it! Why are scientists involved in this problem not admitting that nothing can be created in a VISIBLE PERSPECTIVE? Because then they WILL STOP FEEDING ALL AND FOREVER! And who wants it? To spend so much time and effort on a dummy and end up with a broken trough?
    1. voyaka uh
      voyaka uh 2 August 2016 16: 33
      0
      You are a little behind life.
      Canadian company D-Wave has designed, manufactured and sold to customers
      quantum computers.
      1. Former battalion commander
        Former battalion commander 3 November 2016 22: 03
        0
        And what can these "quantum computers" do? Add 2 + 2? And this is after 40 years (!) Of efforts. Don't make me laugh with your messages. She is a dummy and in Africa and Canada it is a dummy ...
  16. gridasov
    gridasov 24 October 2016 11: 44
    0
    Let the people be ashamed and this is a pleasure. Everyone forgot about the topic of discussion.
    The photon should be viewed as an impulse. Then there is a method by which this impulse can not be slowed down in speed, but its "destruction" can be accomplished in such a way that one impulse will be divided along all coordinate axes into such a correspondence of already new impulses that will correspond to the interaction or properties of the relationship of nat numbers. row.
  17. The comment was deleted.