The Ural (Ural-Lviv) Guards Volunteer Tank Corps was formed in 1943 and equipped weapons and equipment made by workers of the Sverdlovsk, Chelyabinsk and Perm regions with free labor above the plan and for voluntary contributions.
It was this corps that received the nickname “Black Knives” from the Germans. The black workers of the Zlatoust plant armed themselves with knives of HP-40 of all colors, from general to private.
The first battle corps took 27 on July 1943, in the second phase of the Kursk battle. Almost three months after the commissioning of the USSR People’s Commissar of Defense No. 306 from 26 in October 1943 of the year 30, the Urals Volunteer Tank Corps was converted into the 10 Guards Urals Volunteer Tank Corps. All parts of the corps were given the name of the Guard. November 18 1943, the units and formations of the corps were awarded guards flags in a solemn ceremony.
The tank corps is included in the 4 (since March 1945, the Guards Tank Army). Finished the war in Prague. In the autumn of 1945, the corps was renamed the 10 Guards Ural-Lviv Tank Division.
After the end of World War II, the division joined the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany (GSVG, ZGV). It is part of the 3 th Red Army General Army.
Then there was the withdrawal of the division from Germany back to their homeland. And then began the process of the collapse of the division, practically thrown into the fields of the Boguchar region. There was a lot of material about the conditions in which people after Germany appeared. But, nevertheless, the division continued to carry out any tasks assigned to it.
In 2001, she took part in the hostilities in the North Caucasus.
And in 2009, the division was disbanded and at its base the 226-I Guard base of weapons and equipment (tank) storage was formed.
In fact, a regiment was left from the tank division, guarding and servicing the equipment, both brought from Germany and existing at the time of the withdrawal in Boguchar.
In general, it is sad when such well-known and glorious parts are disbanded.
But in the 2015 year an event occurred that caused a not weak response in many places, including outside our country. The division was re-established as a separate tank brigade of the 20 Army. And in 2016, the 9-I Vyslenskaya Red Banner Order of Alexander Suvorov and Mikhail Kutuzov, II degree, separate motorized rifle brigade was added to it.
I have long wanted to visit Boguchar, specifically, there, behind the fence of the unit. And see how and what is today at the "Black Knives". And now, thanks to the assistance of the press service of the ZVO, it turned out.
I’ll say right away to those who will carefully watch photos and videos. These were not exercises, which are a kind of final of a certain stage of preparation. These were absolutely planned field classes. We trained the guys who were called on 3 a month ago. Moreover, a month they were at KMB, and then relocated from under Nizhny Novgorod to Boguchar.
To be honest, first, looking at how the mop-ups work out the tasks, I shrugged. And better seen, to be honest. But then, having turned on the intellectual, he approached the battalion commander with a question, and asked how long the service life was for the fighters? And everything fell into place.
80% personnel - recruits. The rest is contract soldiers. By the way, according to observations, a very strong sergeant staff. Senior officers think so too. But contract sergeants are great. I liked the level of training, and the ability to work with young. I am sure that no one in the brigade will object to me if I say that the sergeant staff is much stronger than the junior officers. He asked.
Senior officers (from major and above) are real maniacs. Of course, once in Boguchar, after the "merchant capital" of Russia, Nizhny Novgorod, this, of course, is still an intellectual shock. Boguchar, he is so, peculiarly handsome. But still the district center, and tiny. But I really liked how senior officers work with subordinates. This is especially noticeable when the correspondent's face in camouflage disappears from appearance, worn in bushes. But hears everything.
Classes consisted of several parts. First, the drivers run in a new landfill. Really new, 50 square kilometers were allocated for training teams. However, after a night rain these kilometers from the landfill turned into a marsh, which we quite felt the hard way. More precisely, feet.
It looked like a polygon where at least once someone passed. First-class mud.
Bred and began to disperse.
Just bogucharsky landscape.
"What are you doing here?"
Combat with a walkie-talkie. The radio is not on an armored train.
Head of training, Lieutenant Colonel Smirnov.
Chemists came, visibility dropped.
Almost anecdotal footage, as with Zhirinovsky:
Opponent ahead? You have a tank on the left!
And for the other platoon - right!
With tanks went around, surrounded, rolled out!
Completed the task - well done!
Approximate translation ...
By the way, a lieutenant colonel, a zamkombriga showing the recruits how to tumble with a machine gun is not something you will see.
By the way, no worse than the lieutenant colonel explained.
Chemists again pulled up, now it's harder to breathe.
I faintly swept over the line of action of the smoke. And the staff continued.
Beautiful pit allowed to shoot a few cloud landscapes.
He drew attention to the idle ammunition in the brigade is not greedy.
The lesson is over, we move to the location.
How can you summarize what conclusions to draw? The conclusion is, in principle, only one. On a not very pleasant direction (to Ukraine 60 km), the division is really being reborn. Yes, so far these are two brigades, tank and motorized rifle, but ... These are two brigades. Instead of a regiment guarding maize and serving as a scarecrow for local recruits.
And with such a glorious past, with such officers and sergeants, I am sure that the division will be able to become one of the best in the district. I really want this.
We express the hope that after some time we will be able to visit Boguchar again and become more familiar with everything that happens in the brigades.