Not so long ago, steel armor of the type 44С-Cв-Ш, belonging to the ultrahigh-strength class, was adopted. A new grade of armor was introduced in the middle of 2014. It was reported that this protection option was created by a research institute on its own initiative and at its own expense. After passing all the necessary tests, the new 44C-Cv-Ш armor was put into service and recommended for use in new designs. The new development of the Scientific Research Institute of Steel can be used to create various tools and equipment that need to be protected from small arms weapons.
Back in 2014, domestic media reported that armor of the 44C-Cv-Sh type was approved by the Uralvagonzavod corporation, which is engaged in the creation of promising armored vehicles. It was argued that the new material was adopted for trial operation, and in the future it can be used to create advanced technology for various purposes.
Also, at present, the research institutes of Steel have been actively engaged in the creation of new non-metallic materials suitable for use as part of protective equipment. In addition to high strength steels, the composition of armor protection can be used ceramic and composite materials with the required characteristics. In addition, polymers such as high molecular weight polyethylene are of particular interest. All these promising areas of development of materials for protection are studied and developed by domestic experts.
The development of non-metallic materials for booking and the subsequent deployment of their production have a high priority, since similar technologies were absent until recently, which led to the need to purchase the necessary products abroad. According to reports, about 70% of ceramics used in combination armor, as well as almost all 100% of high molecular weight polyethylene were purchased from foreign manufacturers. In the construction of protected equipment and the production of other systems that need similar materials, Russian enterprises had to rely on supplies from Germany, Israel, India, China and other countries.
Risks associated with the supply of foreign materials and components, lead to the need to deploy its own production in order to avoid possible problems with the construction and operation of armored vehicles, etc. Within the framework of the current import substitution, various measures are being taken to create and deploy production of own analogues of foreign products, the purchase of which may be impossible for one reason or another.
SRI Steel has a wide experience in the development of ceramic armor elements. The first similar products of domestic production were developed several decades ago and were used in personal protective equipment. Subsequently, the development of this direction continued, which led to the emergence of a number of new technologies, products, systems, etc. Work on the creation of armor ceramics and other non-metallic materials continues to this day.
In a recent press release from the Research Institute of Steel, it was noted that, up to a certain time, the organization had to face some problems. So, the main potential customer of the Institute’s products in the person of the Ministry of Defense, in need of new developments in the field of armor protection, has not shown interest in domestic products until a certain time. The military department preferred foreign products with the required characteristics, which were introduced into some new projects. Domestic developments in the field of protection, in turn, remained without state support.
Despite these difficulties, the main domestic developer of armor managed to develop new materials and technologies, as well as begin to deploy their production. Several Russian enterprises are involved in the production of new security elements, primarily ceramic ones. The joint work of the Research Institute of Steel and manufacturing enterprises has allowed the creation and production of samples of armor ceramics, which in their characteristics are not inferior to the leading foreign developments in this field.
Jointly, scientific and industrial enterprises were engaged in the formation of requirements for the physical and mechanical properties of new ceramic materials, developed technologies for the production of such products, developed methods for evaluating products, and also tested them. Also, the development of products with the use of ceramic elements, which were planned to be used in the creation of promising means of protection or technology, was conducted.
The result of such a joint work of a number of organizations was a significant improvement in the quantity and quality of products. Literally, within two or three years, the release of armor ceramics was allegedly increased tenfold. The development of materials continues, which should lead to further improvements in the parameters of products and technologies.
In 2014, the Research Institute of Steel was able to move from theoretical research in the field of ceramic materials used in reservation to solving practical problems. In particular, by this time, a site for the production of ceramic panels of various types for various purposes was expanded. To date, the release of new products has reached a fairly high pace, which allows the institute to supply the necessary materials in the interests of mass production of armored vehicles. For example, it is now possible to provide ceramics Tanks Armata family, Kurganets-25 infantry fighting vehicles, Typhoon armored cars and other latest-generation equipment.
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