Military Review

River infantry

Innovative shipbuilding can lead to a breakthrough in the entire domestic economy

The forecasted needs of only the main domestic customers are about 1200 vessels and technical equipment, which are to be built before 2030. Most of them will be spent on updating and replenishing the river fleet. Shipbuilding can become the engine of the domestic economy and contribute to its qualitative change.

Already after 20 years after the Crimean War, in 1876, thanks to the talent of Rear Admiral A. Popov and the skill of the Russian shipbuilders, the most powerful battleship Peter the Great was built, and then the world's first armored cruiser, General Admiral, with a displacement of 5300 tons. Thirty years later, the Austrian economist Joseph Schumpeter summarized a similar experience of economic development and introduced the concept of innovation, defining innovation as an implemented innovation that gives a real economic or social effect.

Fleet after Crimea

The Crimean War of 1854 – 1856, its lessons forced the maritime powers to turn their fleets from sailing to steam. This task is solved by the Russian government. Capable administrators and young talented sailors — A. A. Popov, I. F. Likhachev, V. A. Rimsky-Korsakov, S. S. Lisovsky, who later became famous admirals — are attracted to the rearmament of the fleet. The construction of battleships begins. Creates a steam fleet.

“Over the next three years, growth in civil shipbuilding should be 23 percent”
The first Russian battleship - the battery "Firstborn" - was ordered in 1861 year in England. But after a couple of years, the same were built in St. Petersburg. A whole series is being created: two armored batteries, ten monitors, a double-towered boat.

Simultaneously with military shipbuilding, a commercial civilian direction is also developing on a new design and technological basis. In the decade after the end of the Crimean War, the Russian Sudprom was fundamentally rebuilt, entering the age of steam and iron, scientific and engineering thought, and a qualitatively different work by shipyards. This activity required joint efforts, exchange of ideas. Intellectual centripetal force was born, which led to a new form of cooperation - the Russian Technical Society, which included the most talented and passionate representatives of the maritime and shipbuilding business. As a result of the activities of these devotees, fundamentally new models were created, advanced technologies and forms of organization of production were introduced, previously unknown engineering spheres, factory professions were born.

Based on the strict definition of Schumpeter, we note that the basis of the Russian Technical Society is direct innovation, which, as the economy grows, the specialization of industries deepens, and cooperation develops, remains the core of all domestic scientific and engineering organizations that have grown out of this historical root.

NTO shipbuilders named after Krylov, having emerged as the IV department of the Russian Technical Society, throughout all the 150 years of its existence, sought to implement this fundamental trend. And in the pre-revolutionary years, and in the Soviet period, and in our days, the main task was to promote innovation.

Fairway of the domestic economy

The needs for modern ships and special equipment of the industries related to the marine and water activities are constantly increasing. The water transport and fishing fleet are in need of cardinal renewal. The forecast to 2030 of the year is on the order of 1200 units of ships and equipment.

Shipbuilding is particularly important for the development of offshore hydrocarbon deposits, including the production of exploration and production platforms (more than 30), supply vessels, technical and auxiliary equipment (over 150), gas carriers, including ice class (more than 20 units).

Wanted vessels, mostly unique, for the revival of the Northern Sea Route:

nuclear icebreaker leader with a capacity of 110 MW - 1;
universal 60-MW nuclear powered icebreakers - 5;
Linear diesel icebreakers 25 MW and 18 MW - 12;
auxiliary and port icebreakers 4 – 7 MW - 8;
floating nuclear power plants for the northern regions - 7 units.

Modernization of the sea transport fleet, involving the construction of up to 230 tankers, including deadweight of more than 70 thousand tons, bulk carriers, timber carrying vessels, multipurpose and multi-purpose vessels, has been ripe.

The river fleet of Russia is faced with a large-scale task of cardinal renewal, for which it is necessary to launch the river and mixed (river-sea) vessels, as well as the technical fleet, for monitoring and other state needs into the 750.

Domestic fisheries need more than two hundred large and small specialized vessels.

25 offshore research and development platforms are required by oceanologists and other disciplines.

Over the next three years alone, the growth in civil shipbuilding, including R & D, should amount to 23 percent and exceed 59 billion rubles in monetary terms.

Only the innovative economy of the industry can cope with such tasks. For its development, the state plans to implement the following areas:

1. Creation of a scientific and technical reserve that provides for investments in fundamental and exploratory research, taking into account the priorities of technological directions and updating the experimental base.

2. The development of engineering, based on the design of products for a given cost, competitiveness, seriality and use of domestic intellectual property.

3. Import substitution based on the development of new industries and localization of existing ones.

4. Increase production capacity when planning their development, taking into account long-term load and cost-effectiveness.

5. Personnel improvement, involving the training of highly qualified specialists, attracting and retaining young people, optimizing the structure.

Reified Theories

One of the most important problems of creating a domestic Arctic fleet and marine equipment for the development of offshore fields in high latitudes is new shipbuilding materials. Solving the problems in this area requires the use of recent advances, in particular nanotechnology. A great success of scientists and manufacturers was the production of sheet steel with elements of nanostructure. Know-how is used in the construction of unique drilling platforms "Prirazlomnaya" and "Arctic". In addition to providing high properties (weldability, frost resistance, plasticity, etc.), these works open up the possibility of unifying the chemical composition of steels and, consequently, reducing their cost.

River infantry

The practice of operating the Arctic ships poses new challenges to improve the efficiency and safety of their work in high latitudes, in the ice. Conducted research allows us to offer unconventional solutions. So, to ensure the ice strength and reliability of transport ships in the conditions of year-round navigation, domestic science creates active means of protecting the hull. It is provided with new information technology approaches to solving problems of this class, including interactive control during operation. Along with the traditional mathematical methods, the achievements of artificial intelligence are applied. An important role belongs to information processing technologies in a multiprocessor environment, which allows the intellectual system to understand the complex processes of the vessel’s interaction with the outside world, to model its actions and learn from its own experience. These and other know-hows contribute to the creation of marine technology with new consumer qualities that take Russia to the forefront of Arctic shipbuilding, ensuring the industry’s high competitiveness in this niche of the world market.

An example of large-scale technological innovations supported by the NTO potential of shipbuilders named after Krylov is the construction of domestic gas carriers. The technical issues of preparing such a production in Russia have been successfully resolved.

An important direction was the introduction of organizational and managerial innovations:

improving the design, engineering training and construction management of ships and vessels based on the use of information technology;
information support for after-sales service of weapons and military equipment, ships and other products of the industry;
staff training in the areas of information technology for the tasks of designing ships and ships, pre-production and management.

The most promising undertakings receive targeted support from the Committee on the Search and Approval of Innovative Projects that is part of the Krylov NTO. In 2014 and 2015, nine such projects are considered. Two of them are already being introduced into industrial production. The rest are in various stages of development by potential investors.
31 comment

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  1. Razvedka_Boem
    Razvedka_Boem 11 June 2016 05: 30
    Floating nuclear power plants would be highly sought after in the North.
    1. seti
      seti 11 June 2016 08: 49
      The dog barks and the caravan all goes one. The most important thing is to buy time and invest money. And the construction of ships for both merchant and research fleets is new jobs, investments and technologies, employment. I hope all the tasks with the construction of this plan will be agreed and completed.
    2. sub307
      sub307 11 June 2016 11: 50
      "Floating nuclear power plants would be in great demand in the North."
      Thank you Razvedka_Boem for your "timely advice" on where to use the PAES. In the Arctic, of course, but in general it is possible wherever the production of desalinated water, electricity, household and industrial heat is required (in the Crimea, for example, and in other "beautiful" places where there is a shortage of the above resources). FNPP "Akademik Lomonosov" should have already "done"
      1. Razvedka_Boem
        Razvedka_Boem 11 June 2016 22: 27
        How to use, as you put it PAES, specialists know better. In the Crimea, if such a need, they would have made a ground nuclear power plant. But they didn’t. Managed what is. Although why in the Crimea, in the tourist zone you need a nuclear power plant ..
        "(in the same Crimea, for example, and in other" beautiful "places where there is a shortage of the above resources)."
        When you write sub307, do not rush, put punctuation marks and generally write without errors.
        In Crimea, a nuclear power plant is not needed. Neither ground, nor even floating.
    3. svp67
      svp67 11 June 2016 16: 38
      Quote: Razvedka_Boem
      Floating nuclear power plants would be highly sought after in the North.

      You might think in Crimea it will be superfluous ...
      1. Razvedka_Boem
        Razvedka_Boem 11 June 2016 22: 25
        You will be surprised, but it will be superfluous.
    4. bandabas
      bandabas 11 June 2016 20: 54
      Come for a visit. Preferably on an ongoing basis. Zhdemsssss.
  2. surrozh
    surrozh 11 June 2016 05: 47
    Wow, not everything is so bad with the prospects for the economy, let's go slowly! And then it drizzles in the morning, Argentina RT banned, some kind of heaviness in all members ...
    1. sub307
      sub307 11 June 2016 12: 27
      Yeah, sure ... not everything ... in the sense of bad. In some places it's even good: Rosatom has developed and is ready to produce a line of power plants of various capacities for installation in the Arctic territories.
      Vyacheslav Pershukov, Deputy Director General - Director of the Innovation Management Unit of Rosatom State Corporation, said: “We have prepared a line of nuclear capacities ... Gigawatts in the Arctic are not needed. It is more than enough to stop at the maximum capacity of 40-60 megawatts,” Pershukov said. ...
      He noted that the corporation is ready to undertake not only testing of power generating plants, but also their production and delivery to the Arctic. "All the logistics that are done along the Northern Sea Route are carried out by Rosatom enterprises," Pershukov emphasized. "
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 11 June 2016 15: 58
        Quote: surozh
        And then it drizzles in the morning, Argentina RT banned, some kind of heaviness in all members ...
        And I’m still FOOTBALL at the end of this difficult day. The main thing is not to relax and be in shape. The match will take place in any weather!
    2. 97110
      97110 11 June 2016 16: 00
      Quote: surozh
      Wow, not everything is so bad with the prospects for the economy

      Yeah. And inflate your cheeks. Read
      The Russian river fleet faces a large-scale task of radical renewal, for which it is necessary to launch up to 750 vessels of river and mixed (river-sea) navigation
      , almost shed a tear. The old Bolsheviks are alive, alive. And the owners of the river's fleet, that - have already died? And the shipping companies are nationalized? No? So what's the conversation. Who needs "750 river and mixed (river-sea) navigation vessels" if the yacht in Cyprus is not paid for? What kind of "mixed (river-sea) navigation" ships? Under what load? Ah, that's not the question. So, the Author? It’s your job to crow, and then at least don't dawn. Go out to the Volga (meaning Don), whose groan is heard? That's right, some tankers. What is there mixed of dry cargo ships after the Volzhskys built? There is nothing to talk about. Because freight rates are born in Panamax and Novorossiysk, for "mixed" they are unprofitable. But transporting Volzhsky from Rostov is three times more expensive than a pure sailor from Novorossiysk. I didn’t put anything for the article. I feel that even Giprorechka is not drawn to the plan, because the methodology is "regardless of the form of ownership." What cargo base is the 750 vessels going to serve? There has long been no channel mining of nonmetallic ones, nor are rafts. Passengers only walk along the river, there is no transport passenger fleet. The northern delivery is gone. I am afraid that the need for the fleet has been calculated on the basis of the fleet balance of the 1990 RSFSR MRF.
      1. Alexy
        Alexy 12 June 2016 03: 43
        I do not understand. The main goal is to ruin everything?
        1. 97110
          97110 12 June 2016 16: 48
          Quote: Alexy
          I do not understand. The main goal is to ruin everything?

          Why boggle? Everything will be OK on the Mississippi. And on the lakes - without a bulldozer. How many plans like the ones you published in your US read? What, like so, N river and mixed navigation to build until 2020? Or do the authorities not climb into their diocese? In shipping, the PARTY steers. And the state, if it wants something, prepares money in the budget and announces tenders for solving STATE problems.
  3. AllXVahhaB
    AllXVahhaB 11 June 2016 06: 03
    And what exactly is being done in the framework of this program, in addition to introducing organizational and managerial innovations and nanotechnology? Only two projects are being introduced into industrial production? And how at such a pace to build 1200 ships ???
  4. Amurets
    Amurets 11 June 2016 06: 37
    All this is good! But here’s what’s being done for the production of SSU? We practically lost large and medium diesel construction. We can rivet and cook the hull boxes, but how to saturate the hulls? Does this mean equipment? The MTU diesel embargo created a lot of problems for our shipbuilding, but where is the guarantee that this will not happen with civil courts? These are links to About the problems of our engine building for ships and ships. Links are given to one site but for different years. I did not find any fresh data for 2012.
  5. Sergey333
    Sergey333 11 June 2016 07: 30
    Quote: AllXVahhaB
    And how at such a pace to build 1200 ships ???

    How? Start building, and there the shipyards will have money and your nanotechnologies themselves will pick up (and they will forget about Chubais).
    1. 31rus2
      31rus2 11 June 2016 08: 56
      The article clearly says investments are needed, but where to get them, i.e. again, projects, statements, but there is no money, look for yourself
      1. 97110
        97110 11 June 2016 16: 11
        Quote: 31rus2
        The article clearly says investment is needed, but where to get it

        and how to give.
    2. 97110
      97110 11 June 2016 16: 05
      Quote: Sergey333
      How? Start building, and there the shipyards will have money

      Which shipyards? China, Korea, Turkey? What does all this crack have to do with it, the bourgeois owners will determine where to build and for what money. Russian shipyards will not be there.
  6. 31rus2
    31rus2 11 June 2016 08: 51
    Dear, the program is good, but not feasible, the members of the forum write correctly, they have lost a lot, but there is no desire and money, and this is the most important thing, by the way, this is the answer whether we need a "money box"
  7. Forever so
    Forever so 11 June 2016 09: 04
    Today, especially for the river fleet, the most acute issue is the fouling of the hull. for a season, a beard can grow up to half a meter in length. I made a new hull material based on polyethylene, it does not foul, does not crack, it is not afraid of heat or frost or the sun, even emergency vessels can be lined using rusty skin as a matrix, I promoted it and got a stroke, heart attack and raider capture of the company by local vendors wishing to sell the technology to the states. And the shipbuilders of the same Novorossiysk refused. With new material, you don’t need to paint the case, but where did you cut the zine ??, there are so many people without work right away. Such are the pies.
    1. 97110
      97110 12 June 2016 16: 53
      Quote: Forever so
      Today, especially for the river fleet, the most pressing issue
      what to carry. There will be work - they will dress their beards with "King" and "Womoy", business then. Your technology will be launched. If the WORK IS. On a cold sludge, it is the same with which body to rot - steel is even better, it is easier to move to scrap.
  8. cap
    cap 11 June 2016 09: 49
    Again the question of personnel arises. Here are vacancies in the NEA. Nobody will give the actual state, this is from open data.
    % D0% 97 & rid = 11453 & wt = 5 & from = wizard¤cy = RUR
    Head Secretary
    schedule: full day
    30 000 R
    2 June

    The collector of the hulls of metal vessels 4 categories
    schedule: full day
    Add to favorites 52 300 Р
    2 June

    Ship fitter 3 categories
    schedule: full day
    42 000 R
    2 June

    Turner 4 bits-5 bits
    schedule: shift
    65 200–74 300 Р
    29 May

    Head of OOTiZ
    schedule: full day
    s / n not specified
    24 May

    Electrical Installation Manager
    schedule: full day
    s / n not specified
    23 May

    Head of Department of General Director
    schedule: full day
    s / n not specified
    23 May

    With a salary as requested. hi
  9. 31rus2
    31rus2 11 June 2016 10: 36
    Dear, I open announcements and am surprised, it turns out I have a salary at work from as much as 25000 rubles, in fact 15000 and then with difficulty, the same in other places
  10. Argon
    Argon 11 June 2016 21: 56
    The article is complete nonsense (modern diagnosis). But in general, these are fabrications of a person of conviction and fundamental knowledge of which were formed in the conditions of a planned economy, plus some kind of stimulant of euphoria. Yes, there is a shortage of the fleet, and in the "fat zero" they even tried to eliminate it with the help of shipbuilding programs. Those companies that are larger. Today's realities are such that foreign capital is actively withdrawn from the country (SSC sanctions), and the deficit will be eliminated by 10-12 years of Chinese, less often Korean construction. Alas, such is life.
  11. Deck
    Deck 12 June 2016 08: 11
    Implementation of organizational and managerial innovations - well, 90% of the work has already been done! Rave! It is not necessary to "improve" but to create anew the industry, which finally collapsed in the 2000s. There are no skilled workers or engineers. Engineers, not innovation managers from NTO Krylov
  12. Bamse
    Bamse 12 June 2016 13: 14
    So we will build a shipyard in Belaya Kalitva on the Seversky Donets. In Soviet times, the "Zarya" cruised along the Donets, now only barges go. I hope that soon again passenger ships will be sailing some new system.
    1. 97110
      97110 12 June 2016 15: 15
      Quote: bamse
      now only barges go.

      What, really? And what are they carrying there? The famous BKKK has not been operating since 2003, at least for water. Sinegorka later, but also went to motor transport. Maybe some bread? Sometimes, in Krasnodonetskaya, Seversky Donets crossed the hulls of ships awaiting loading. Now these shipments are NOT. Coal? Also no. Where will you go on the "Zarya" if, given the capacity and speed of the bus, there is a CREW, an inter-navigation period, and dvigun is five more powerful. About shipbuilding in B. Kalitva. On the Don, shipbuilding was in Pavlovsk, Kalach, Aksai, Rostov. I don't know about Pavlovsk, there are NO others. There are traditions, personnel, ship-lifting facilities. Not needed! Your B.Kalitva will not be navigable tomorrow - the dimensions of the passage there are provided only by the waterworks of the Seversk-Donetsk sluice system. Have you seen wooden dams built in 1914? Take a look. The dam is made of forty board, the upper shield is made of inch. It is laid every year for the winter, and raised in the spring.
      1. Bamse
        Bamse 12 June 2016 17: 10
        Yes, barges do not go for a long time.

        Passenger ships will carry tourists to watch the remains of the Turkish fortress, Karaul-gora and Two sisters.

        The Middle Russian River Company will also build a shipbuilding complex in Azov.
        1. 97110
          97110 13 June 2016 20: 48
          Quote: bamse
          The Middle Russian River Company will also build a shipbuilding complex in Azov.

          Are these specialists planning to do wiring through the vessel with APPV 2 * 1,5 wire? And have you heard about the existence of the River Register yet? About 10 years ago B. Kalitva and I visited the "organizers" of the river fleet, the issues listed were discussed. Forget it. The fleet is expensive and requires professional specialists. Boat builders will NEVER take tourists to the ruins of the fortress. They need to organize the sale of ships in quantities greater than 2. And 2 more for Azov. And for this the shipbuilding COMPLEX! Is there just an economist in this Central Russian company? Are there just adults who at least have chickens at home and fed the dog?