Military Review

MLRS "Wide spectrum" as brought to mind "Nise"?

32
On Sunday, June 5 in the suburbs of Astana ended the exhibition of weapons and military technical equipment KADEX-2016. The list of participants is more than representative. Representatives of 316 companies from different countries of the world, including Russia, China, France, Belgium, Turkey, Denmark, Germany, the Czech Republic, Ukraine, etc., arrived in Kazakhstan to demonstrate their developments.

Most of the exhibition stands and sites as host of the international exhibition were reserved by companies from Kazakhstan. At least one of the entire range of developments of Kazakhstani specialists attracted very close attention of the exhibition visitors.

This is a multiple rocket launcher system, dubbed "Wide Spectrum". And this name, in fact, speaks for itself. In the conditions of far from unlimited funding, Kazakhstani specialists decided to create the MLRS, which has a universal modular type. The launcher chassis was originally designed with such an “aim” that the MLRS could use different modules for firing different ammunition.

In fact, the MLRS "Wide Spectrum" is an upgrade (or more precisely, bringing to mind) the version of the Naise multiple launch rocket system, which in Russian sounds like "peak" or "spear." The development of the Naiza-based MLRS began more than 10 years ago in cooperation with the Petropavlovsk Heavy Engineering Plant (PZTM) and the Israeli company Soltam Systems Ltd. Despite the fact that after more than a year after the start of cooperation, there was talk that the company Soltam Systems Ltd. preparing to takeover by another Israeli company Elbit Systems, the designs were not folded. And in 2008, a new multiple rocket launcher system began to flow into service with the Kazakh armed forces. True, with a big "creak" ...

MLRS "Wide spectrum" as brought to mind "Nise"?


The main idea of ​​the new rocket launcher system was not just modularity, but also to optimize the cost of maintaining rocket artillery in the armed forces of Kazakhstan. After all, the MLA "Naiza" was conceived as a complex that can fire ammunition of various calibers - both the "Gradovsky" 122 mm and the "hurricane" 220 mm, and the calibers in 300 mm (Smerch, as well as some Israeli variants). In other words, the MLRS Naiza is an actual attempt to integrate Soviet and foreign (including Israeli) developments of the rocket artillery segment.

Is such a development justified? Full If we take into account that the Kazakh army is equipped with various versions of the MLRS of the Soviet technology, then in order to infuse modern potential into them, you can afford to experiment with a universal platform. The task of this kind of integration of properties and qualities was solved by the specialists of JSC NC Kazakhstan Engineering, a subsidiary of which is the aforementioned Petropavlovsk Heavy Engineering Plant.

What did “Nise” bring to the end? Firstly, the Wide Spectrum complex is equipped with an automated fire control system. Secondly, navigation and topography facilities, including the satellite capabilities of the Russian GLONASS, allow for more effective fire in squares and not only. In particular, both destruction and suppression of point and area targets, including manpower, infrastructural objects and fire means of the opponent, are provided. The range of destruction of targets is from 10 to 150 km. It should be noted that the initial declared range of “Nizy” is up to 180 km.

The convenience of the system, according to the developers themselves, is that the transport-charging vehicle is capable of replacing a block with only guides (for ammunition of one caliber) with a block with other guides, with packet (already charged), for a minimum period of time. Given the fact that the MLRS "Wide Range" can be used for firing and certain types of cruise missiles - the stated maximum target destruction range in 150 km may be higher.

If we touch on a modernized fire control system, then it has the ability to integrate with military systems of intelligence, navigation and communications. In fact, the network-centric system is created by both the above-mentioned satellite system and the group of unmanned aerial vehicles. This allows you to effectively adjust the fire, share data on the results of the use of MLRS with other fire groups. If the data from the entire system is accumulated in a single command post of the operation, then it becomes possible to exchange data for the timely changing of the MLRS “Wide range” positions and firing. It is also possible to determine the most effective in terms of caliber used (in a given situation in the theater of operations) combat modules.

About the time of preparation for shooting and changing the combat module. After placing on the position of the MLRS "Wide spectrum" by the calculation of the three people is deployed to full combat readiness within 4-5 minutes. Much of this time is spent on preparing the entire on-board electronics, in particular, on synchronizing it with the command center and the unmanned intelligence systems. The time required to replace the “shot out” block with guides with a new one is about 8 minutes. In this case, an important issue is the issue of the place of recharge. After the order received from the command post with the launcher changes the position where the reloading takes place, in order, of course, to bring the launcher out of the enemy's retaliatory strike. Another option is to change the combat module on the spot at the time of the operation of other MLRS of the same battery or installations of other batteries, which actually solve the tasks of both destroying the enemy and covering the process of changing the module.

The base chassis for the "Wide Spectrum" - KAMAZ-63502 8х8 with HP 347 engine power. If for the use of ammunition calibers 122 mm and 220 mm such a chassis can be considered optimal, then in the case of more significant calibers it is unlikely that it will respond with its 100% stability. In this regard, a variant with a heavier platform that will not be its vibration when firing with a combat module reduces the effectiveness of such fire to a minimum, and also does not raise questions about the high probability of violating the integrity of the platform bottom when firing, for example, with 300 caliber .

It was the safety of the use of the Kazakh-Israeli MLRS for its crew that caused questions after the first operational firing. At one time, this did not allow for the implementation of the widely announced plans of Astana to export Niza in the country of the CIS and Southeast Asia. Moreover, corruption schemes were revealed, in which representatives of the top leadership of the Ministry of Defense of Kazakhstan, including Deputy Defense Minister Kazhimurat Mayermanov, were implicated.

From the report of the National Security Committee of Kazakhstan from 2009 year:
Within the framework of the criminal case, the actions of officials of the Ministry of Defense, who were allowed to conclude and execute a number of contracts with Israeli firms IMI and Soltam Systems, to acquire Naiza multiple rocket launchers and to upgrade Semser and Aybat artillery systems are being investigated. The official representative of which is Boris Sheinkman.

This criminal case was initiated in August 2008 of the year following a follow-up audit of the materials of the Accounts Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the facts of ineffective use by the Ministry of Defense of the republic of budget funds amounting to more than 82 million US dollars.

The investigation found that the contracts were concluded with 2006 of the year under the direct supervision of the Deputy Minister of Defense, General-Lieutenant Kazhimurat Mayermanov.

10 April 2009 was charged by the Investigation Department of the National Security Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the Deputy Minister of Defense of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Lieutenant-General Maermanov K.N. According to the article 380 h.2 of the Criminal Code, - abuse of official authority and excess of power, entailing serious consequences.


In 2010, Maermanov was sentenced to 11 years of imprisonment, and in 2013, about 4's was added to this period.

After the first firing before 80,% of the installations failed, and the developers began to fix the flaws and errors that had been made. Despite the fact that it was mainly about the Semser artillery systems, and despite the fact that critical problems with stability and security were largely solved at Nais (at least, the developers themselves said so) technical scandal still haunts the MLRS "Naiza."

If the developers still managed to find the optimal solution from the point of view of the operating safety of the Wide Spectrum, then in the near future we can expect a possible conclusion of contracts for export. However, news of the conclusion of such contracts after the KADEX-2016 exhibition has not yet been received.
Author:
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military-today.com
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  1. ovod84
    ovod84 7 June 2016 07: 00
    +1
    Amusing thing
  2. BARKAS
    BARKAS 7 June 2016 07: 31
    +1
    Something very difficult all the calculation will consist of whom are the officers of the gunners?
    1. aba
      aba 7 June 2016 08: 50
      +3
      of which artillery officers?

      The driver can certainly be an ordinary composition.
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 7 June 2016 09: 06
      +8
      The higher the degree of automation, the lower the requirements for the preparation of calculations. I think this machine will have to prepare the driver for the longest time.
      1. avt
        avt 7 June 2016 09: 51
        +6
        Quote: Spade
        . I think this machine will have to prepare the driver for the longest time.

        Given the fact that
        The basic chassis for the “Wide Spectrum” is KamAZ-63502 8x8 with an engine power of 347 hp. If such a chassis can be considered optimal for the use of ammunition of 122 mm and 220 mm calibers, then in the case of more substantial calibers it is unlikely to respond with its 100% stability.
        There should be at least BAZ chassis, or MZKT, so we have to put Pantsir on the BAZ - KAMAZ is too liquid. So they were not impressed by choosing KAMAZ, they themselves limited the caliber of the packages used. by choosing a chassis? Did they take it on the basis that there is an assembly in Kazakhstan?
        1. marshes
          marshes 7 June 2016 10: 32
          +4
          Quote: avt
          They took into account that there is an assembly in Kazakhstan?

          Yes, apparently from this and repelled.
          According to Niza, Semser and Aybat, they entered into an agreement with the corruption component, and even with the bankrupt Soltam Systems, so that all the rights remained with the Israelis.
          But, soon a new system will appear with a 120mm mortar, with Elbit and Indians.
          1. Lopatov
            Lopatov 7 June 2016 10: 47
            +6
            Quote: marshes
            and even with bankrupt "Soltam Systems

            There is no need to blame the Israelis, here only yours have fooled something.
            If the Israeli mortar system can even be placed on a Humvee, but it knocks out the bottom of the motorcycle league, then this is definitely a local "economy"
            1. marshes
              marshes 7 June 2016 10: 50
              +1
              Quote: Spade
              There is no need to blame the Israelis, here only yours have fooled something.
              If the Israeli mortar system can even be placed on a Humvee, but it knocks out the bottom of the motorcycle league, then this is definitely a local "economy"

              Here we will soon have this, only Elbit Systems. With anti skidders and OMS from them.
              1. Lopatov
                Lopatov 7 June 2016 11: 03
                +3
                Quote: marshes
                Here we will soon have this, only Elbit Systems. With anti skidders and OMS from them.

                Not "from them". From the same "Soltam". Abit Systems bought them in 2010.

                As I say, yours messed up. Most likely, under the pretext of "redundancy" of the basic Israeli system, they proposed to develop their own, with a large impulse, transmitted by the chassis.
                1. marshes
                  marshes 7 June 2016 11: 09
                  +2
                  Quote: Spade
                  As I say, yours messed up. Most likely, under the pretext of "redundancy" of the basic Israeli system, they proposed to develop their own, with a large impulse, transmitted by the chassis.

                  The jambs were in the manufacture of the base plate. It is on our conscience. We redid it, everything works. But we have no rights to further production.
                  Now we want to put on wheels.
                  1. Lopatov
                    Lopatov 7 June 2016 11: 26
                    +4
                    Quote: marshes
                    Now we want to put on wheels.

                    Meaning? It’s easier after the Israelis to make a single universal system.

                    There, American special forces needed a fire support system for advanced base centers (FOB) in Afghanistan, and they simply put the Soltanov module on the beds.
                    1. marshes
                      marshes 7 June 2016 11: 36
                      0
                      Quote: Spade
                      Meaning? It’s easier after the Israelis to make a single universal system.

                      Yes, we want to establish production at home, already in this matter India is participating.
                      The wheelbase is the same Barys 8x8, by the way, Paramounts don't have 8x8 Mbombé, only 4x4 and 6x6.
                      1. Lopatov
                        Lopatov 7 June 2016 11: 46
                        +2
                        It’s clear that at home. Just for you, in my opinion, the universal module is more justified. Allows you to have mortar batteries on the same base as the infantry.

                        And if necessary, even put on a little car
                      2. marshes
                        marshes 7 June 2016 11: 52
                        +1
                        Quote: Spade
                        And if necessary, even put on a little car

                        Yes, then they’ll figure it out.
                        That Vienna on the T-72 chassis was not bad that the plant in Semipalatinsk would be fully loaded.
        2. Lopatov
          Lopatov 7 June 2016 10: 39
          +2
          Quote: avt
          They took into account that there is an assembly in Kazakhstan?

          Yeah 8))))
        3. Zaurbek
          Zaurbek 22 November 2016 07: 50
          0
          They did not limit the caliber, but the number of guides. We also have a MLRS Smerch on the KaMaZ 8x8 chassis with 6 guides ....
      2. marshes
        marshes 7 June 2016 10: 46
        0
        Quote: Spade
        The higher the degree of automation, the lower the requirements for the preparation of calculations. I think this machine will have to prepare the driver for the longest time.

        What do you think about the Gurkhan Blog at the expense of Vienna.http: //gurkhan.blogspot.com/2016/06/blog-post_3.html
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 7 June 2016 10: 51
          +1
          In terms of preparing calculations? Gurkhan got noodles on his ears. 8)))))))))). It is much more difficult to shoot from "Hosts".

          Well, "Vienna" is a gorgeous piece for battalion artillery.
          1. marshes
            marshes 7 June 2016 10: 58
            +1
            Quote: Spade
            Well, "Vienna" is a gorgeous piece for battalion artillery.

            This thing came in handy for us, NONA is already living with us.
            As we were talking about installing these artillery systems on the T-72 chassis, it would be even better.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 7 June 2016 11: 18
              +2
              "Nona" is still a system of a completely different class ...

              But here the ficus-picus is not that ... "Nona" / "Vena" / "Hosts" have their own 122-mm projectile, special. With pre-cut grooves. And with 2S1 / D-30 they are not interchangeable.
          2. avt
            avt 7 June 2016 10: 59
            0
            Quote: Spade
            It is much more difficult to shoot from "Hosts".

            I didn’t understand anything about "Hostu" request Would you like to set the "Carnation" to zero as outdated and get a caliber compatible with NATO ammunition? Like we shoot trophy and generally sell it for export?
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 7 June 2016 11: 12
              +3
              "Hosta" is supposedly a cheap "Vienna". In fact, the usual castration of the capabilities of a normal, albeit not the most perfect battalion SPG. It could have been better. Introduce an OMS with a higher degree of automation. Try automatic loading.

              Base from 2C1- from the same opera. But the savings here are very doubtful. It may be cheaper in terms of procurement, but if we compare the total cost of the life cycle, it is definitely more expensive. Unless, of course, they completely replace the entire motorcycle "tripe" in 2C1 with a new one.
  3. Lopatov
    Lopatov 7 June 2016 10: 24
    +6
    In general, of course, it didn't work out very well. Chased for cheapness, and it turned out like "Greedy Vartan"

    The recharge time is too long - they saved on the "frame" of the rechargeable one, like that of the Americans or the Chinese. Well, or a manipulator, like the Belarusians and Serbs. This also makes it necessary to use TPM.

    Transfer time from marching to combat high was saved on the fire control system.

    Problems with package fluctuations - saved on the electronic compensation system. Damn, the creation of a long-range multi-caliber MLRS without it is generally nonsense. Even a system with one caliber is designed for one specific ammunition and is optimized for it. When using a "left" missile of the same caliber, but with different characteristics, the dispersion is definitely increased.

    The basic chassis does not suit because of the tendency of the car to overturn, and not because of the mythical "underbody damage". The author burns laughing As in a joke, "not in preference, but in thimbles, not one hundred thousand, but three rubles, and did not win, but lostThe self-propelled mortar had "problems with the bottom". MLRS cannot have them due to its absence. laughing
    1. marshes
      marshes 7 June 2016 10: 43
      0
      Quote: Spade
      The basic chassis does not suit because of the tendency of the car to overturn, and not because of the mythical "underbody damage".

      Well, how to rush along the steppe smile , the UAZ loaf itself and the right-handed pradik were overkill. Jerboa burrows burrowed. laughing
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 7 June 2016 10: 53
        +2
        All MLRS have a high center of gravity with a full package. So it is definitely necessary to have a base chassis for them with a low own CG. "Kamaz" four-axle in this regard is not a particularly good car.
        1. cosmos111
          cosmos111 7 June 2016 22: 15
          0
          Quote: Spade
          So headquarters it is definitely necessary to have a basic chassis with low own DH under them.

          MLRS "Valkyrie Mk 2". With a low CG?

          1. Zaurbek
            Zaurbek 22 November 2016 07: 52
            0
            Here the other Caliber is -122mm, and the chassis is mine-resistant ... Apparently this was TK.
        2. Monarchist
          Monarchist 12 June 2016 09: 10
          0
          It feels like you're an expert, not an expert from the couch
  4. Berkut24
    Berkut24 7 June 2016 10: 48
    0
    Against the background of the last "Tornadoes" somehow not very ...
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 7 June 2016 11: 05
      0
      Here you can argue ...
      Tornado is just an improvement on existing systems. By installing a trivial LMS
  5. DJDJ GORA
    DJDJ GORA 7 June 2016 20: 40
    +2
    I can’t understand how in combat conditions a regiment ((division) will carry different-sized packages, change them, change shells, then someone will change goals and objectives.
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 22 November 2016 07: 54
      0
      Ready-made packages with missiles will lie in the supply vehicles. Depending on the task, set and shot ...