Military Review

To the day of Korean cosmonautics

39
Pyongyang once again surprised the world


April 23 North Korean Central Telegraph Agency News reported successful trials of a sea-based ballistic missile. According to official data, they were carried out in order to test the operation of the underwater launch system at maximum depth, as well as to test the latest solid-fuel engines.

According to the agency, everything went well, which was confirmed by the photographs presented, which captured not only Kim Jong-un who was present at the tests, but even the launch of the rocket from the submarine’s mine, its engine launch and flight to the target. However, the experts immediately doubted that the launch was precisely from the board of the submarine. In addition to the ritual statements that this is another propaganda ploy of Pyongyang, the version was voiced according to which the rocket was launched from a special stand and while North Korea is only approaching the development of a submarine launch technology.

According to the presented photos, it is impossible to categorically assert that solid rocket engines are installed on the tested rocket. Although according to many experts, this version is supported by the characteristic thick smoke and color of the flame that accompanied the engine in flight.

Eun said - Eun did


A day later, official reports appeared from representatives of the South Korean Defense Ministry, according to which the launch was made at 18.30, Seoul time, from the waters of the Sea of ​​Japan near the city of Sinpkho in the province of South Hamgen.

To the day of Korean cosmonauticsAccording to the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Korea, the rocket was launched from the board of a Xingpo class submarine with a displacement of about two thousand tons with the help of the so-called cold start.

In Seoul, it was stressed that the submarine was most likely the carrier, and not the underwater stand or a specialized barge.

According to the Russian classification, “cold start” is a launch in which a rocket is ejected from a launcher due to the pressure created in a closed volume. We call it "mortar" and is the only solution to ensure the launch of missiles from submarines.

True, Seoul made a reservation that the full test of speech is not. The rocket fell, flying only about 30 kilometers. And the world media hastened, with reference to the Ministry of Defense of South Korea, to call the launch unsuccessful, although the DPRK announced only the tests of the launcher and solid-propellant rocket engines.

If you figure out, Seoul, albeit reluctantly, still acknowledged the fact that Pyongyang successfully tested a ballistic missile with an underwater launch. She came out of the mine, onboard systems worked properly, running solid-fuel engines. And the media out of habit wishful thinking.

It should be noted that the official photographs of the tests presented by the North Korean news agency “lit up” for the first time, shrouded in this moment by the halo of secrets of the Sinpo-class submarine, which in its time caused a lot of disputes among experts. According to the popular version, the new diesel-electric boat, designed to replace the previously supplied by the Soviet Union submarine project 633 ("Romeo" according to NATO classification) - the creative development of the Russian "Varshavyanka". But in the photographs presented, the North Korean diesel-electric submarines do not even closely resemble the prototype. Sinhpo clearly has less displacement, and visually it resembles the submarines of the Son Won-2 series - the German submarines of the 214 project built for the South Korean Navy at the shipyards of the Daewoo Corporation.

And the most important question: how many ballistic missile launchers did the North Korean shipbuilders manage to place in the fairly compact Sinpho?

Solid bet


A week before the sea launch of the DPRK, it failed to test the land-based ballistic missile Musudan. True, the official Pyongyang did not report this. And the South Korean military said that the launch of 15 on April, the 104-th birthday of Kim Il Sung, was unsuccessful. This was confirmed in the Pentagon. But the annoying hitch did not diminish the DPRK’s determination to continue the missile program, not only important for the country's defense, but also bringing tangible financial and material dividends to the isolated country.

With all the remaining doubts, it is already clear that the North Korean developers were able to make a breakthrough and master the critical technologies. In particular, despite the fact that the rocket flew just 30 kilometers, its creators designed a workable control system, even if its fine-tuning takes some time. If earlier Pyongyang mainly used liquid-propellant rocket engines, primarily because of the well-known difficulties in developing and, most importantly, producing both the solid fuel itself and the fuel charge (briquette), now North Korea has been able to create this technology. Shortly before the historic launch of a ballistic missile in the official photographs of the North Korean Information Agency, which captured Kim Jong Un in his office, the drawings of an allegedly new naval missile hit the frame, where solid-fuel engines were clearly visible in the design.

TRDs will undoubtedly find their place not only in the sea, but also in land-based BR. Of course, this will lead to higher prices for the design of products, but will increase their technical and operational reliability, which North Korean missiles with LRE do not have enough.

Many experts call the achievements of Pyongyang "clumsy", but for the stated parameters of the new product - 300 kilometers of flight range - and such developments are enough in excess. Moreover, the maritime launch makes a new missile a very serious threat, to repel which will require both missile defense systems and anti-submarine warfare systems.

Another important feature - the launcher can be placed on board even relatively small diesel-electric submarines.

who benefits


It is possible that the new North Korean product was created with the support of other countries interested in obtaining such weapons and technology. One of the possible sponsors is Iran, which, although it is outdated, has a rather large submarine fleet by the standards of the Middle East. The novelty, undoubtedly, will interest Pakistan, which also has submarines, the installation of ballistic missiles on them will increase their combat potential.
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  1. PKK
    PKK April 30 2016 07: 02
    +1
    Well done T. Un and T. North Koreans! The task of the outpost of the fight against World Evil is being successfully completed. The Koreans themselves have much to be proud of.
    1. atalef
      atalef April 30 2016 09: 45
      +3
      Quote: PKK
      Well done T. Un and T. North Koreans! The task of the outpost of the fight against World Evil is being successfully completed. The Koreans themselves have much to be proud of.

      DPRK's provocative policies will lead to only one.
      Increasing armaments by Japan and South Korea.
      The deployment of missile defense systems (USA) in South Korea and looking at Un's statements, no one will be able to prevent this.
      The arms race by Yapami and South Korea and the PRO will lead to retaliatory measures by China and, of course, Russia, which will have to answer both to increase the power of Japan and China, and (especially) the appearance of missile defense in South Korea. underwater launch missiles and anti-submarine systems)
      All this will lead to unnecessary, colossal expenses - let’s say that this is not an easy period for Russia.
      I understand that Un is used to keeping people hungry, but this will also affect the welfare of Russians.
      Your enthusiasm is strange, Lavrov thinks differently about this
      Russia and China are no less concerned about the desire of individual states to use this difficult situation on the Korean Peninsula to increase their military presence in the region, to pump in new weapons, including the most modern and so technologically advanced, that this is completely disproportionate to the real threat. which comes from the situation on the Korean peninsula.

      Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov made this statement in Moscow at a meeting with reporters from Mongolia, Japan and China. He, commenting on the concerns of Russia and China regarding the possible deployment of American missile systems, also said that this could jeopardize the security of both states.

      Original news InoTV:
      https://russian.rt.com/inotv/2016-04-13/Lavrov-Amerikanskaya-PRO-v-YUzhnoj

      And the reason for all this, who gave? Dear Eun.
      1. Anglorussian
        Anglorussian April 30 2016 10: 20
        +2
        It seems that the fighting baby really holds the pentagon on a leash - he did too many good actions useful for amers.
        And the reason for all this, who gave? Dear Eun.
      2. Ilja2016
        Ilja2016 April 30 2016 14: 01
        +7
        But the provocative shelling of Syria and the bombing of its territory by Israel - is that good?
        1. Oprychnik
          Oprychnik April 30 2016 20: 27
          +6
          Galdezh is not the case. Eun said - Eun did! A specific man!)))
      3. AllXVahhaB
        AllXVahhaB April 30 2016 21: 22
        +3
        Yes, stop worrying about us already! Take care of your country and your people!
      4. NHKp
        NHKp 1 May 2016 18: 40
        0
        Accurately noticed
  2. rotmistr60
    rotmistr60 April 30 2016 07: 06
    +9
    Seoul albeit reluctantly, but recognized fact successful test of a ballistic missile with an underwater launch by Pyongyang

    Of course, Seoul would really like it to be not true or not quite true, but still had to admit. DPRK is slowly but surely advancing along the path of developing missile weapons. The main thing is that this does not turn the head of the leadership and does not lead to the emergence of a full-scale armed conflict in this region. This we absolutely do not need.
  3. Amurets
    Amurets April 30 2016 07: 16
    +2
    It’s clear that it’s not clear what? Whether it is a throw test of the launcher, or a test of the performance of the complex’s systems as a whole? Yes, and the production of solid propellant rocket motors and fuel drafts is not such a simple matter with the apparent simplicity of the engine.
  4. demiurg
    demiurg April 30 2016 07: 19
    +2
    Even if Eun has only one rocket on each submarine, this is already very serious. The largest cities in the United States are located on the coast. There is not only a rocket, a torpedo can pollute the territory for centuries. Moreover, if we take into account the experience of the Germans in the Second World War with "cash cows" submarines refuelers, then an attack on the Atlantic coast is quite possible.
    So Eun is in a hurry. At least a dozen such submarines, and a dozen submarines to expand the range, and no one will attack him.
    1. atalef
      atalef April 30 2016 09: 48
      +1
      Quote: demiurg
      So Eun is in a hurry. At least a dozen such submarines, and a dozen submarines to expand the range, and no one will attack him.

      Yes, no one is planning to attack S. Korea.
      Really, you don’t understand, having developed and received the appropriate technologies, Eun will sell them to anyone tomorrow, and all this will spread throughout the world.
      All will have to take adequate measures (including Russia) - and this is an arms race, a violation of stability and the threat of war.
      1. Anglorussian
        Anglorussian April 30 2016 10: 24
        +2
        The option of becoming a nuclear power of Tokelau is quite real. But sooner or later this would happen, now many breakthrough 40s technologies are commercialized and available now. An instructive example is Pakistan's nuclear program.
        it all spreads around the world
      2. cast iron
        cast iron April 30 2016 18: 16
        +2
        Yes, yes, everyone around is friends and brothers and no one wants to kill anyone))) You are like a Soviet down-intellectual of the late 1980s model.
      3. AllXVahhaB
        AllXVahhaB April 30 2016 21: 25
        +2
        You, apparently, judge by yourself? This is how Israel trades in defense industry, everyone knows, but about the DPRK, give at least one example!
    2. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 30 2016 11: 08
      +2
      Nuclear torpedoes only pollute water.
  5. bad
    bad April 30 2016 07: 21
    0
    To the day of Korean cosmonautics
    day of Korean cosmonautics .. ??? .. and what is the name of the Korean cosmonaut? .. I don’t remember my name .. lol
    1. Uncle Murzik
      Uncle Murzik April 30 2016 07: 56
      +5
      cosmonautics is not only the launch of manned spacecraft! Who has not flown in joint crews on our "soyuz"!
      1. thinker
        thinker April 30 2016 08: 07
        +7
        But really - on April 8, 2008, the Soyuz TMA-12 launch was launched with the first Korean astronaut Lee So Young.
  6. Pvi1206
    Pvi1206 April 30 2016 09: 26
    +1
    North Korea is devoting all its forces to improving weapons and its army. Hence the results.
    1. ivanovbg
      ivanovbg April 30 2016 09: 31
      +5
      If you personally had to graze grass in parks to pay state expenses for a BR with a TTRD and an underwater launch, you would have a slightly different point of view.
      1. 0255
        0255 April 30 2016 09: 56
        +7
        Quote: ivanovbg
        If you personally had to graze grass in parks to pay state expenses for a BR with a TTRD and an underwater launch, you would have a slightly different point of view.

        So Kim's fans believe that there is nothing wrong with North Korean poverty, just because their "grand marshal" periodically threatens to launch a nuclear missile at the United States. But at the same time, they complain about poverty in Russia, use American computers and the Internet, foreign-made cars or Russian cars with components and technologies from the decaying west - something that an ordinary North Korean can only dream of.
        1. Amurets
          Amurets April 30 2016 11: 40
          +2
          Quote: 0255
          So Kim's fans believe that there is nothing wrong with North Korean poverty, just because their "grand marshal" periodically threatens to launch a nuclear missile at the United States.

          These Kim fans would see how the Korean authorities lived in the Urgallles and Tyndales in the 1970s and 80s and how ordinary lumberjacks lived. They would not have sung. And the number of fans probably decreased significantly.
      2. cast iron
        cast iron April 30 2016 18: 17
        +3
        If Anglo-Saxon personally offered you Vaseline with a handle for glass beads, what would you personally choose? Poverty or petrolatum stalk? ;)
        1. Beefeater
          Beefeater April 30 2016 19: 31
          +1
          Quote: cast iron
          If Anglo-Saxon personally offered you Vaseline with a handle for glass beads, what would you personally choose? Poverty or petrolatum stalk? ;)

          Well, why not just live a normal life? Be sure to choose from two shit
  7. igorek4515
    igorek4515 April 30 2016 11: 19
    +2
    Quote: atalef
    Yes, no one is planning to attack S. Korea.

    And the exercises with the landing scenario on the coast of North Korea and the capture of Pyongyang for what are conducted by the Americans and South Koreans ..? And the statements of the Americans that they can deliver a preemptive strike, including a nuclear one, doesn’t confirm your words that nobody is going to attack them. Moreover, if Kim hadn’t done anything to strengthen the defense of his country, then most likely already such a state as the DPRK would no longer exist.

    Quote: atalef
    Really, you don’t understand, having developed and received the appropriate technologies, Eun will sell them to anyone tomorrow, and all this will spread throughout the world.

    And to give any evidence to your own words that Eun will sell these technologies to someone weakly tomorrow ..? In addition to their own speculation ..? Evidence and concrete facts on what is based on your statement can lead ..? Just do not have here their conspiracy theories ..)))))
    1. atalef
      atalef April 30 2016 15: 08
      -2
      Quote: igorek4515
      And the statements of the Americans that they can deliver a preemptive strike, including nuclear

      Can I link?
      Quote: igorek4515
      Moreover, if Kim had not done anything to strengthen the defense capabilities of his country, then most likely there would have already been no such state as the DPRK.

      not the worst option
      Quote: igorek4515
      And to give any evidence to your own words that Eun will sell these technologies to someone weakly tomorrow ..?

      Read about the sale of nuclear and missile technologies of the DPRK to Iran, Syria, Pakistan
      Quote: igorek4515
      In addition to their own speculation ..? Evidence and concrete facts on what is based on your statement can lead ..?

      http://rus.delfi.lv/news/daily/abroad/oon-kndr-nezakonno-prodaet-yadernye-tehnol
      ogii.d? id = 32159167
      Quote: igorek4515
      Just do not have here their conspiracy theories ..)))

      Have you been banned in Google?
  8. Normal ok
    Normal ok April 30 2016 11: 44
    +5
    Quote: bad
    To the day of Korean cosmonautics
    day of Korean cosmonautics .. ??? .. and what is the name of the Korean cosmonaut? .. I don’t remember my name .. lol

    Don't you know? The sun-faced comrade Eun has been shining on the earth from orbit for a long time. Incognito - out of modesty, so to speak. And everyone thinks it's the sun.
  9. Robert Nevsky
    Robert Nevsky April 30 2016 12: 06
    +2
    Good luck to the Korean guys!
    1. 0255
      0255 April 30 2016 14: 38
      -1
      Quote: Robert Nevsky
      Good luck to the Korean guys!

      In slave labor for the "great sun-like" Kim Jong-un, who has everything, but keeps his people in hunger and poverty?
  10. Ilja2016
    Ilja2016 April 30 2016 13: 56
    +1
    And what kind of experts are those who know everything about North Korea? List in the studio.
    Congratulations to the people of North Korea on new achievements !!
  11. Old26
    Old26 April 30 2016 14: 13
    +1
    Quote: demiurg
    Even if Eun has only one rocket on each submarine, this is already very serious. The largest cities in the United States are located on the coast. There is not only a rocket, a torpedo can pollute the territory for centuries. Moreover, if we take into account the experience of the Germans in the Second World War with "cash cows" submarines refuelers, then an attack on the Atlantic coast is quite possible.
    So Eun is in a hurry. At least a dozen such submarines, and a dozen submarines to expand the range, and no one will attack him.

    Your post reminds me of the dialogue from "17 Moments of Spring" when the Gestapo is looking for Kat in the basement. "If we had a Doberman, if a Doberman had the glove of that lady who left the SS ..."
    So it is here. If...
    Eun will not have a rocket on each submarine ... And so far he has only one such experimental boat. And "a dozen submarines with missiles" plus "a dozen submarines" is no longer science fiction.

    Quote: Robert Nevsky
    Good luck to the Korean guys!

    In suicide attempts? Yes, you can wish good luck too ... And this will happen. No wonder they say that if in the first act a gun hangs on the wall, then in the third ... So it is. Once he has passed, two, three, ten. Finally, as a result of some kind of failure, the missile will go not there, but for example to Japan or South Korea. And what's the bottom line ??? The lack of a country with the name DPRK?
  12. demiurg
    demiurg April 30 2016 14: 42
    +5
    Quote: atalef

    Yes, no one is planning to attack S. Korea.
    Really, you don’t understand, having developed and received the appropriate technologies, Eun will sell them to anyone tomorrow, and all this will spread throughout the world.
    All will have to take adequate measures (including Russia) - and this is an arms race, a violation of stability and the threat of war.


    As an advertisement for mosquitol, that's why they do not bite. Iraq skadam pierced the US missile defense, and it seems to have flown to the promised land. So, there is a chance that a whole Elbrus with its true filling can fly through the US / South Korea / Japan missile defense. Therefore, they do not attack.

    Eun already has a nuclear device. Maybe 10 years old. Who did the Koreans sell a lot of it to? Why are you not outraged by the Pakistani nuclear program, created with the help of the PRC? Or are you outraged that the "poor slaves" have a mortar start from under the water, and from malnutrition they will begin to beat everyone?
    1. Odysseus
      Odysseus April 30 2016 15: 03
      +1
      Quote: demiurg
      Who did the Koreans sell a lot of it to? Why are you not outraged by the Pakistani nuclear program, created with the help of the PRC? Or are you outraged that the "poor slaves" have a mortar start from under the water, and from malnutrition they will begin to beat everyone?

      Everything is simple here. Our Jewish friends don't give a damn about North Korea (just like South Korea), they protect own interests .
      Now the interests of the United States and Israel are identical (this is actually one state), so all opponents of the United States are their opponents.
      Do not look in their words for logic or, especially, morality. There is no logic or morality. If tomorrow the situation changes and it is advantageous for Israel to support the DPRK, their position will be reversed.
      PS Such cynicism repels, but it’s worth learning from them to defend their interests. Russian mattresses are mattresses in this regard.
      PPS It is better to respond to a person under his message, atalef may not see your answer.
  13. demiurg
    demiurg April 30 2016 14: 49
    +3
    Quote: Old26

    .
    Eun will not have a rocket on each submarine ... And so far he has only one such experimental boat. And "a dozen submarines with missiles" plus "a dozen submarines" is no longer science fiction.

    The funny thing is that Eun needs no more than 2-3 such submarines. What North Korea can afford. They reach Japan and Korea with ground targets, but a massive blow to the United States is not necessary. Now it’s a matter of time when he will have it.
  14. stoqn477
    stoqn477 April 30 2016 16: 16
    +2
    Cosmonaut of North Korea ?! True, they said that one village at the sun when it was night. laughing
  15. Sergey-8848
    Sergey-8848 April 30 2016 17: 54
    +2
    DPRK does not need an underwater armor SSBNs at all. One or two diesel-electric submarines with two missiles are enough to guarantee a shug at the southern neighbors. More - to nothing. You can bargain for any preferences.
    The goal is far away, but it is already visible. And since the goal is visible, you can set a new goal.
  16. bad
    bad April 30 2016 19: 32
    -2
    Quote: Uncle Murzik
    cosmonautics is not only the launch of manned spacecraft! Who has not flown in joint crews on our "soyuz"!
    ..heh..someone diligently minus..never other than a lover of the Korean carrot .. oh COSMONAUTICS .. joke .. laughing seriously ... imkho-astronaut who flew into space on a rocket built in his own state .. if we at one time halfway around the world into a freebie, it doesn’t give a moral right to the states whose cosmonauts rolled claimed to be space powers .. I’ll say easier if I’m a pedestrian in my life and I don’t have a car, but sometimes I use a taxi, I won’t drink on a taxi driver day .. because I’m a passenger and not a taxi driver .. not my holiday .. although people are of course different .. laughing and no one ever named me the name of the North Korean astronaut .. pichalka .. bully
  17. Old26
    Old26 April 30 2016 20: 29
    0
    Quote: demiurg
    Iraq Skadam pierced the United States missile defense, and it seemed to fly to the promised land

    In fact, writing this is the height of incompetence. In the first Gulf War, the Americans used the first modification of the Patriot, which was not at all intended to intercept aeroballistic targets. They were used due to the fact that they did not have any anti-missile weapons at all.
  18. tolmachiev51
    tolmachiev51 1 May 2016 03: 07
    0
    ABS article - one grandmother said. If you don’t know why to write? some assumptions. The Americans taught everyone to gossip and let them understand there.
  19. Enky
    Enky 2 May 2016 15: 14
    +2
    Quote: atalef
    Quote: demiurg
    So Eun is in a hurry. At least a dozen such submarines, and a dozen submarines to expand the range, and no one will attack him.

    Yes, no one is planning to attack S. Korea.

    Gaddafi and Hussein did not fuss too much and amused themselves with such illusions ...