Military Review

Asian armored fighting vehicles

47

MBT newest generation Type 10 is in service with the Japanese self-defense forces. The machine manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries weighing tons of 44 is armed with a 120-mm cannon


The traditional strongholds of armored vehicles in Asia are China, Japan and South Korea, which have been doing their projects for many years, although newcomers from this region are beginning to attract attention even in the international arena.

The countries of the Asia-Pacific region are distinguished by different levels of production of combat platforms. The most interesting are local projects of heavy armored vehicles, such as MBT, BMP and BTR, which are not just manufactured and assembled under license. This is due to the fact that such machines are more difficult to develop and manufacture, and the best indicator of the technological development of the state is the creation of a local production base.

East Asian Heavyweights

The Chinese army is armed with approximately 7050 main combat tanks (MBT) and 5090 BMP / BTR. The Chinese company China North Industries Corporation (Norinco) manufactures most of the armored vehicles, and its latest technology was shown at a military parade held in Beijing in September 2015.

A significant event of this parade was the show of the MBT duo ZTZ99A and the BMP ZBD04A. The technical characteristics of ZTZ99A are not disclosed, but the chief designer of the tank, Mao Ming, called him "the world leader in terms of firepower, protection and maneuverability and information technology." It is equipped with a 125-mm gun, modified for firing sub-caliber shells with improved armor penetration, and its dynamic metering system for thermal bending of the barrel significantly improves accuracy. The tower has dynamic protection units (DZ), in addition, the ZTZ99A tank is equipped with an active protection complex and a laser irradiation warning system receiver.





Chinese tank ZTZ99A




Chinese BMP ZBD04A

A military expert from Shanghai, Gao Chzho, commented: “What adds to the tank’s combat capabilities is the adoption of a high-tech communication channel that allows the tank to access information about the battlefield gained by other combat platforms.” This combat control system has the function of self-control, which allows, for example, to report on the need to replenish ammunition or fuel.

Compared to its predecessor ZTZ99, the new ZTZ99A tank weighing more than 50 tons also has a more powerful HP 1500 engine. The commander's day / night sight allows him to work in search and strike mode (the commander captures the target, transmits its arrow, which begins to fire on it, at this time the commander is looking for the next target). Although the ZTZ99A tank represents the pinnacle of Chinese tank building, production volumes remain relatively low due to its prohibitive price. More common in the Chinese army is the second generation ZTZ96 family of tanks, also distinguished by a 125-mm smoothbore gun.

The upgraded ZTZ96A tank weighing tons of 41,5 was introduced in the 2006 year. This MBT for export deliveries was designated VT2; Bangladesh bought 44 such a tank. Norinco also offers for export 48-tonne MBT-2000 (VT1 / VT1A), purchased by Myanmar (50 pieces) and Morocco (54). Pakistan manufactures this tank under license under the designation Al-Khalid. However, an even newer, fully digital tank MBT-3000 (VT4) weighing tons of 52 still has to wait for its first customer.

Debuting at the Beijing parade, the BMP ZBD04A features a turret with the same 100-mm main cannon and 30-mm automatic cannon, like its predecessor ZBD04. The Norinco ZBD04 BMP (export designation VN11) weighing tons of 21,5 is very similar to the Russian BMP-3, but the floating version of the ZBD04A is much closer in concept to the western BMP.

Mr. Gao said that “the new model has improved the fire control system and installed additional armor. Also, a modern information system is installed on the machine, which is able to integrate with the Type 99A tank information system. ” Given the undoubted superiority over its predecessor, analysts expect a higher volume of production of BMP ZBD04A compared to approximately 500 machines ZBD04.

Another notable machine of the Chinese army, seen in the parade, was the anti-tank missile system AFT10. In the launcher, it hosts HJ-10 missiles with guidance beyond the line of sight, which most likely uses guidance over fiber. Each AFT10 anti-tank missile system is armed with two launchers of four missiles each, which makes it possible to launch eight 150-kg missiles before reloading.


Chinese anti-tank missile system AFT10

This rocket with a solid-fuel booster and a micro-jet engine has an 10 km range. The AFT10 missile, which entered service in 2012, provides the Chinese army with anti-tank long-range capabilities.

Reflecting the global trend of building wheeled armored vehicles, the Chinese army is armed with two main types. The first is the Norinco Type 09 8x8 family of vehicles, in which the main option is a BMP ZBD09 21 ton mass with a two-seat turret armed with a 30-mm cannon.

The same 8x8 platform is available for export from 2008 of the year under the designation VN1, currently Venezuela is its only customer. The VN1 is equipped with a Deutz diesel engine with 443 horsepower, thanks to which the machine develops 100 km / h on land and 8 km / h on water. Also in service with the Chinese army is a version of the ZLT11 artillery mount, on which the 105-mm cannon is mounted.

The second type of wheeled vehicles is floating ZSL92 6x6. A very popular armored personnel carrier — Chad, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Gabon, Kenya, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Peru, Rwanda, Sri Lanka, Sudan, and Tanzania bought it. There are many variations of it, including the 17-tonne ZSL92B with a turret armed with an 30-mm cannon.



ZSL92 6x6 armored personnel carrier

Also created 19-ton anti-tank unit PTL02 with 105-mm cannon with small recoil forces, which are in service with the Chinese army about 350 pieces. In 2008, China’s 120-mm mortar / howitzer PLL05 with a mass of 16 tons entered service.


Anti-tank installation PTL02

Specialized Chinese cars

Norinco manufactures specialized vehicles such as the ZBD03 airborne combat vehicle (export designation VN10) of 8 tons, which is intended for the airborne forces of the People’s Liberation Army of China. A floating turret with an 03-mm cannon is installed on the floating BMD ZBD30. The crew of this parachuted parachute machine is three people, and four paratroopers are located in the aft compartment. The Chinese car ZBD03 is a copy of the Russian BMD, although in the Chinese version the engine is installed in front.

Norinco also manufactures the ZBD05 / ZTD05 floating combat vehicle for the army and marines of its country. The platform was first introduced in 2006, reflecting the Chinese emphasis on amphibious operations. The ZBD05 wheeled BMP, 9,5 meters long, is armed with an 30-mm cannon, while the ZTD05 light-tracked tank on the same chassis is armed with a stabilized 105-mm cannon. Machines weighing 26,5 tons develop on the water speed 25 km / h due to doom powerful water cannons installed in the stern. Prior to 1000, the ZBD05 / ZTD05 vehicles may currently be in service with the Chinese army, for export, Norinco offers them under the designations VN18 and VN16, respectively.


Chinese BMP ZTD05

India fights

With large military forces, India and Pakistan made great efforts to develop their own armored vehicles. India, for example, has invested heavily in its Arjun MBT, developed by the organization of defense research and development DRDO, but, nevertheless, 55% of components of this local tank are imported.

At least 124 machines were manufactured, at the same time the cost of the tank is exorbitant and there is an acute shortage of spare parts. Last year, almost half of the Arjun Park was reported to be inoperative.

An upgraded version of the Arjun Mk II weighing 55 tons included 93 rework, such as an infrared silencer, a commanding panoramic sight, dynamic protection, a navigation system and improved tracks. India ordered 124 new cars, but things are still there, as unhurried army trials continue, which began in the 2011 year.


Asian armored fighting vehicles

Indian tank Arjun Mk II

Difficulties with the Arjun tank may well mean that many problems are still ahead, since India wants to get into service the advanced fighting vehicle FRCV (Future Ready Combat Vehicle) to replace the 1900 with its T-72M1 tanks. In June 2015, New Delhi issued a request for information, which states: “The Indian army plans to develop a modern combat platform of a new generation to create its armored combat vehicle fleet in the coming decade.”

The army hopes that the armament of the FRCV project’s medium tank will begin to flow into the 2025-2027 years. Two projects will be selected, after which different design bureaus will create their prototypes. Subsequent tests will determine the winning project and one or two designated manufacturers will produce a new machine at their plants.

India is also implementing a program to create its future FICV (Future Infantry Combat Vehicle) infantry fighting vehicle to replace the 2610 BMP-1 / 2. The Indian Army should get the FICV 3000 tracked within 20 years. Applicants for the floating 20-ton platform submitted their proposals in the 2010 year, but none of them were selected.

After some stagnation, India resumed its FICV project when, in January, 2016 issued a request for proposals to ten Indian companies. According to the request, the FICV platform must accommodate a 8 landing force, have a crew of three, fire anti-tank guided missiles at a distance of up to 4000 meters and be transported in military transport aircraft C-17 and Il-76.

For the development of two different projects, two companies will be selected, one of which will later be given the right to mass-produce new cars. The four most likely bidders are Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra, Ordnance Factory Board and Tata.

Japan

After the end of the Cold War, as part of its reorganization, the Japanese Self-Defense Forces (YASS) significantly reduced the fleet of armored vehicles. The directive of the national defense program, issued in 2010, proposed to reduce both the number of MBTs and the number of artillery units from 600 to 400 units. However, in the 2013 directive of the year, these figures were reduced further, to 300 pieces of each type.

In 2012, YASS received the newest OBT Type 10. It is lighter than its predecessor, the Type 90 tank, which was created with an eye on the possibility of a collision with the Soviets. At least 341 of the Type 90 tank was manufactured, but with 50 tons of combat weight it was impossible to transport it in Japan.



Japanese MBT Type 10

The Tank Type 10 ton mass 44, manufactured by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries (MHI), overcame this problem, and its adoption will allow, in the end, to write off the Type 74 MBT. The tank is armed with an X / NUMX-mm L / 120 smoothbore cannon, which can fire a new armor-piercing sabot projectile with greater armor penetration, while the new battle management system will tie tanks and headquarters into a single network. Before 44, all 2018 Type 97 tanks will be manufactured.



How the Japanese repaired the tank ... its Type 10

MHI also developed the MCN (Maneuver Combat Vehicle) 8x8, which is to be supplied by YASS this year. The machine is armed with a locally-made L / 105 52-mm rifled cannon, but the fact that it cannot shoot with armor-piercing shells means that it does not pull to the role of an anti-tank installation.

Over the next five years 99 Type 16 MCV machines will be manufactured, they will replace all MBTs on the largest Japanese island of Honshu. However, due to the fact that MCV does not have sufficient anti-tank capabilities or sufficiently high levels of protection, there are fears that the MCV will not be able to fully replace the tanks. However, since the MCVs weighing 26 tons can be transported in the new Japanese C-2 aircraft, it has excellent strategic mobility for fighting insurgents and protecting the islands.


Japanese mobile gun mount Type 16 MCV

Type 96 8x8 BTR manufactured by Komatsu entered service with YASS in the 1996 year. Its production has slowed, but Komatsu is developing as a replacement an improved wheeled armored personnel carrier Improved Wheeled Armored Personnel Carrier. MHI also did not stand aside, and in the middle of 2014, it introduced its own 8xNNXX BTR weighing 8 tons.



BTR Type 96 8x8

Australia

The most successful Australian armored vehicle is the Thales Bushmaster, which 1052 units were ordered for the local army. This 4x4 configuration machine belonging to the MRAP category was sold to Indonesia (3), Jamaica (12), Japan (4), the Netherlands (98) and the UK (30). The following options are used in the Australian Army: armored personnel carrier, commander, mortar, demining, fire support, sanitary and anti-aircraft installations.

Bushmaster armored car has worked well in Afghanistan and Iraq; despite numerous explosions on improvised explosive devices, not a single soldier in this vehicle died. Australia will keep Bushmaster in service until 2025. Beginning in the middle of 2017, Thales will also manufacture Hawkei 1100x4 4 machines for the Australian Army.

Although Australia intends to select off-the-shelf projects for its two main armored vehicle programs, it is expected that they will have a large proportion of local components. A request to hold a tender for the Land 400 Phase 2 program, released in February 2015 of the year, will allow the Australian Army to receive 2021 combat reconnaissance vehicles from 225 of the year. Last year, Australia also released a request for information on the Phase 3 phase on the 450 BMP and 17 combat support vehicles, which will begin to arrive in the troops from 2025 onwards.

South Korea

South Korean manufacturers have achieved great success in meeting the needs of their army in armored vehicles. The fleet of South Korean army tanks consists of 1500 MBT Hyundai Rotem K1 / K1A1, but the company has now put all its strength into fulfilling the initial order for 100 tanks K2 MBT, which have a German MTU engine and Renk transmission.



Korean tank K2

However, in accordance with the second contract, K2 tanks weighing 55 tons with the Doosan DST engine with 1500 hp power will be delivered. and the S & T Dynamics transmission; The first shipments are scheduled for the end of 2016. The Korean company Hyundai Rotem also provides technical assistance under the Turkish Altay MBT program, although Turkey has canceled some points of the contract due to delays in the program.

Since the beginning of 2015, Hyundai Rotem has been upgrading the K1A1 MBT in service to the K1A2 standard. It provides for the installation of the identification of "friend or foe", the battle management system and the camera for the driver. In September, 2015, the Hyundai Rotem, began upgrading even older K1 tanks to the K1E1 standard, which basically conforms to the K1A2 standard.

At the ADEX 2015 show in Seoul, Hyundai Rotem’s chief engineer Hayhun Li said that his company is also developing a combat engineer vehicle (CEV). A minefield from Pearson Engineering, an excavator arm and a minefield marking system will be installed on the K1 tank chassis. CEV production will start in 2019 year.

In accordance with the plans for restructuring by the year 2020, the South Korean army will reduce its number from 520000 to 387200 soldiers. 20 infantry divisions will be eliminated and 11 brigades equipped with 675 armored wheeled vehicles will be created, to which Hyundai Rotem was appointed the preferred contractor for 2012. The serial production of the KW1 6x6 and KW2 8x8 platforms should start in the 2017 year. The base version in the line of floating machines 8x8 is an armored personnel carrier with a manned turret, armed with a 7,62-mm machine gun and 40-mm automatic grenade launcher. The heavier model 8x8 weighing 20 tons compared to the non-floating model 6x6 weighing 16 tons has an enhanced booking. Depending on the funding, the total needs of the South Korean army can reach 2700 new wheeled vehicles.

Doosan DST is currently manufacturing a K21 BMP with a turret armed with an 40-mm cannon. After the initial order for 466 machines was completed, the army began to deploy this system in 2009. After the two K21 machines sank while overcoming a water hazard, production was stopped, but improvements made on machines in operation allowed it to resume in September 2011.

In order to increase the buoyancy of K21 infantry fighting vehicles, inflatable cylinders were installed behind the onboard screens. Interestingly, Doosan introduced the DST in 2013 year as a concept for a K21 chassis with a CMI Defense XC-8 tower, armed with a Cockerill 105-mm cannon.

The Doosan DST company completed the production of K200A1 armored personnel carriers for the South Korean army, but with a view to modernizing outdated BTRs, K200 presented the K2015A200 vehicle with a single tower at the ADEX 1 exhibition. Doosan DST is cooperating with the Belgian CMI Defense on this tower, and the head of the foreign office of this company said that this tower can accept 20-mm, 25-mm or 30-mm gun. The 13,2 ton machine also features Soucy rubber tracks, which reduce vibrations and noise.

Doosan DST is currently developing a 14-ton 120-mm mobile mortar K200A1 with a semi-automatic weapon system, which will be provided by S & T Dynamics. Also, on the basis of K200A1, a new intelligence machine, the OMP, has been developed, the production of which will begin this year.


The Australian Army's Bushmaster commander leaves the amphibious ship’s hold during the Talisman Saber 2013 exercise

Island programs

Taiwan lagged behind its neighbors in the development of its own armored vehicles, but was forced to do this because of the small number of foreign suppliers ready for cooperation. The Yunpao family (smoky leopard) 8x8 tons of 22 was developed to replace outdated machines and increase the mobility of the infantry brigades in accordance with the policy of retaliation against any invasion of China.

In 2010, the Yunpao project was officially chosen, and by the end of 2014, approximately 205 machines were manufactured. Variants BTR, part of the first batch of 32 machines, equipped with a remotely controlled combat module (DUBM), armed with an 368-mm automatic grenade launcher T40 and 91-mm machine gun T7,62. There is also a commander version of CM74.


Taiwanese armored personnel carrier Yunpao

At the end of last year, the Yunpao was shown with an 30-mm MK44 Bushmaster cannon from Orbital ATK. The Taiwanese army considered that the existing weapons of Yunpao could not penetrate the armor of Chinese cars of this class, and therefore it was decided to increase the firing power of the platform. The 2017-2021 years will be manufactured around 284 of these BMPs. Also developed sanitary, evacuation and anti-aircraft options. One of the military factories is developing a mortar complex with an interchangeable 81 / 120-mm barrel, the prototype of which was shown at the TADTE 2015 exhibition.

Southeast Asia

Although in countries in Southeast Asia products of their own production appear, but here, close to no one could come close. He produces a variety of combat vehicles for their armed forces and not only.

ST Kinetics manufactures the Bionix IFV tracked BMP for the Singapore Army with 1999. The car has several options: Bionix 40 / 50 (40-mm grenade launcher and 12,7-mm (.50 cal) machine gun), Bionix 25 (25-mm M242 Bushmaster cannon) and Bionix II (30-mm MK44 Bushmaster gun). Approximately 720 BMP Bionix plus repair and recovery vehicles, bridge laying machines and Trailblazer clearance machines are in service.



Singapore BMP Bionix-2

ST Kinetics also manufactures the Bronco floating tracked all-terrain vehicle, which is used in several versions in the Singapore Army. The platform achieved great success in 2008, when the British Army urgently requested the 115 Warthog machines to operate in Afghanistan.

Although the UK decided to write off the machines earlier and not enter them into the main fleet, its development continues, and at the Singapore Airshow 2016, the company showed a production-ready, modified Bronco New-Gen model with better protection and modularity.

Another notable platform from ST Kinetics is the Terrex 24x8 8 ton machine. After the contract was issued, its production began for the Singaporean army and by the middle of 2015, supposedly all three contracts that provided for the manufacture of a total of 405 Terrex machines were executed.

The main variant of the BTR is armed with an EOS R-600 UAB with an integrated battle management system. The Singapore Army is also armed with engineering and sanitary options. In addition, the planned production of the following types: ATGM (Spike); commander; evacuation; intelligence and target detection; artillery observers (STORM). Another option could be a mobile mortar installation with X-NUMX-mm complex SRAMS (Super-Rapid Advanced Mortar System) produced by ST Kinetics.

At the Singapore Airshow 2016, a modernized version of the Terrex 1 + was presented. In an incomprehensible way, he did not match either the option chosen by the American Marine Corps for his Amphibious Combat Vehicle 1.1 (ACV 1.1) floating car program, or the configuration proposed for the Land 400 Phase 2 Australian program.

A spokesperson for ST Kinetics said that with a mass of 30 tons of Terrex 2, of course, harder, but it has a more powerful engine on the 600 hp, double V-shaped case for maximum protection, additional buoyancy is realized, which allows to overcome various water barriers. As one of the two remaining bidders for the ACV 1.1 program, ST Kinetics manufactures the first 13 machines. According to the company, the Terrex 2 machine has a length of 8 meters, a width of 3,6 meters and a height of 2,8 meters. For the new Terrex variant, ST Kinetics can also offer optional tracks on front wheels to improve the maneuverability on soft soils.




Singapore BTR Terrex 2

Rumor has it that ST Kinetics for the Singapore Army was developing a light tank, but official representatives at the exhibition denied the existence of such a program.

However, ST Kinetics is actively cooperating with the Thai Institute of Defense Technologies DTI in developing the Black Widow Spider 8x8 machine. A prototype machine weighing tons of 24 with an uninhabited Adder tower manufactured by ST Kinetics, armed with an XKNUMX Bushmaster 30 gun, was unveiled at Defense & Security last November.


Thailand Black Widow Spider armored personnel carrier

DTI conducted the first operational tests of the Black Widow Spider floating machine in June last year, while the Thai army will conduct its tests in the 2016 year. The British company was selected to help design the machine, and ST Kinetics as a technical consultant. A DTI spokesman said that more than 60% of the components of the Black Widow Spider machine would be locally produced. Although this work supports Thailand’s goal of becoming more self-sufficient in defense production, there is no guarantee that the project will reach the stage of mass production.

In Thailand, there is another company that produces, among other things, military products. Chaiseri Metal and Rubber produces armored First Win 4x4 MRAP category 11 tons. The Thai army ordered the 21 machine, and the special investigations department ordered the 18 machines for operations in the troubled south of Thailand.

Armored car First Win is also sold abroad. This year, the Philippines will take delivery of a left-handed option for the security of Clark Airport. The Malaysian army also ordered the car First Win, although the local company Deftech gave it the designation AV4.


Armored car First Win of the company Chaiseri

Chaiseri has modified the AV4 chassis in order to get the 2 + 1 door configuration instead of the usual 4 + 1. The Malaysian vehicles, which will be deployed on Borneo, have a turret mounted on the roof, armed with an 7,62-mm M134D Minigun machine gun from Dillon Aero. Malaysia reportedly buys 20 machines; Deftech will assemble about three-quarters of the cars and will start shipments later this year.

Malaysia gained good experience in assembling the ACV-300 Adnan tracked vehicles of the Turkish company FNSS, and now, according to the contract, the 2014 machines should be manufactured at the local plant from 2018 to 257.

The machine configuration 8x8, based on the Turkish platform Pars, received the designation AV8 Gempita. The contract with the Malaysian Deftech (DRB-Hicom) worth 559 million dollars provides 12 options, including BMPs with Denel GI-30 30 cannon or M25 242 mm cannon, and ATGM armed with Ingwe South African missiles from Denel. The first 12 BMP-25 entered service with the Malaysian army in December 2014.




BMP K21 was developed by the South Korean company Doosan DST. The production of machines with a double turret armed with a 40-mm cannon continues for the army of this country

Indonesia

The state-owned enterprise PT Pindad in Indonesia began producing Anoa-1 6x6 armored personnel carriers in the 2008 year, and the subsequent Anoa-2 version appeared in the 2012 year. The last option was finalized to participate in the peacekeeping mission in Lebanon; variants of this family include ambulance, armored personnel carrier, commander, cargo, evacuation and mortar installation.

A company spokesman said that at the end of 2014, the Anoa 280 machines were manufactured. At Indo Defense 2014, the Badak 6x6 was shown, based on the Anoa-2 case. It is the fruit of cooperation with the Belgian CMI Defense, which supplied its 90-mm Cockerill CSE90 LP 90 X-gun and a twin-turret for her. These machines will be manufactured in Indonesia under a technology transfer agreement.



Indonesian armored personnel carrier Anoa-2

In December, the Badak machine was successfully tested on 2015, and upon completion of the certification in 2016, it should begin to be commissioned by the Indonesian army at the rate of 25-30 units annually. In addition, in November 2014, PT Pindad and the Turkish FNSS signed a memorandum of understanding on cooperation in a project for a new medium tank with an 105-mm gun. It is expected that two prototypes of 25 tons will be manufactured by 2017 year.

Materials used:
www.norinco.com
www.drdo.gov.in
www.mhi-global.com
www.thalesgroup.com
www.doosandst.com
www.stengg.com
www.chaiseri-defense.com
www.pindad.com
www.armyrecognition.com
www.flickr.com
www.wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org
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  1. wanderer_032
    wanderer_032 April 25 2016 07: 30 New
    +6
    Informative.
  2. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 25 2016 07: 43 New
    +5
    overall a good review. especially the video with the Japanese tank - smiled - thanks!
  3. Arktidianets
    Arktidianets April 25 2016 07: 43 New
    +2
    The video with the tank swollen is very funny, scampering like flies over manure, but it's no use.
    1. qwert
      qwert April 25 2016 08: 09 New
      +6
      When I watched this video, “The Japanese are repairing the tank,” I could not help but get the impression that this is an old computer game, “Lemings,” where a bunch of characters make random and meaningless movements. one tries to knock out a finger for 40 minutes, and during this time, an 15 man spins around him.
      1. Leto
        Leto April 25 2016 09: 17 New
        +7
        Quote: qwert
        where a bunch of characters make erratic and meaningless movements.

        The caterpillar squeezed the rear side screen which jammed the next screen with its bias. They had to twist both rear screens, after which they knocked out a finger and faced with the caterpillar bending and catching on the rollers, they tried to align it, but it didn’t work out, I had to pull off the BREM.
        It would be easier if the caterpillar simply broke, then the ARV would simply remove the tank from the torn track and hook the last one and roll the tank for repair in a couple of minutes.
        1. 2s1122
          2s1122 April 25 2016 12: 11 New
          +3
          No, I thought that they would shoe the tank and go on. Yes, with this breakdown, we’ve got a crew of three drinks
  4. pofigist_26_rus
    pofigist_26_rus April 25 2016 07: 57 New
    +4
    Thanks to the author for the article. It would be interesting to know how the military-industrial complex is being built in the DPRK; this is not a word in the article.
    1. Leto
      Leto April 25 2016 09: 20 New
      0
      Quote: pofigist_26_rus
      It would be interesting to know how the defense industry is being built in the DPRK,

      The entire tank power of the DPRK ends with diesel fuel, the reserves of which are enough only for parades and exercises in the presence of the great tickler.
      1. 37 year
        37 year April 25 2016 10: 30 New
        -1
        Quote: Leto
        The entire tank power of the DPRK ends with diesel fuel, the reserves of which are enough only for parades

        All true.
        Moreover, in conditions of severe deficit of everything that is possible, this "technique" is going only in the parade , until the very parade, the North Koreans push it with muscle strength and fart steam!
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. pofigist_26_rus
          pofigist_26_rus April 25 2016 14: 33 New
          +8
          If you accept your judgments as true, then a simple question arises: "If everything is so bad in the DPRK, how have they not been captured yet or why haven't they become extinct?" By the way, dear, they say the same about Russia, but every year the hysteria around us is getting louder and louder.
          As an example:
          1. Ruslan
            Ruslan April 25 2016 15: 14 New
            +1
            oh, then this film will be the first art picture where the pack will be shown as a serial, working machine. interesting with a raptor? :)
          2. Come on
            Come on April 26 2016 03: 57 New
            0
            Quote: pofigist_26_rus
            a simple question arises: "If everything is so bad in the DPRK, how have they not been captured yet or why haven't they become extinct?"


            And who needs them? The only real danger from them is Seoul, around which one of the most modern and powerful industries in the world and a couple of tens of millions are concentrated. And Seoul is known to be very close to the border and may suffer from their ancient artillery and missiles. I think, in spite of their huge army, 10% of the total population, they still have no chance against the modern army, since they have neither way of aviation nor air defense, which means that in a couple of weeks this whole army will only be left with automatic machines.
      2. neri73-r
        neri73-r April 25 2016 15: 41 New
        +4
        The entire tank power of the DPRK ends with diesel fuel, the reserves of which are enough only for parades and exercises in the presence of the great tickler.


        All true.
        Moreover, in the conditions of a severe deficit of everything that is possible, this “technique” travels only on the parade itself, until the very parade the North Koreans push it with muscle strength and fart steam!


        Do not consider yourself smarter than everyone, maybe because of sanctions and on a civilian there are not enough tanning salons, but, be sure, there will be one for the war !!! hi
  5. Monster_Fat
    Monster_Fat April 25 2016 10: 02 New
    14
    One acquaintance who somehow happened to “overlap” on my many business trips told me the story of how he had the opportunity to work on an exploration vessel, where the crew was mainly Japanese. So he had to teach the Japanese how to repair one lowered outboard equipment. Well, he laid it out on deck. The Japanese, in overalls, gloves, helmets, lined up from behind, with their hands behind their backs. Well, our comrade, at first he explained everything in words, how and what to do, then he disassembled and assembled this device, asked: "Did everyone understand everything? Does everyone understand everything?" The Japanese answered: "Yes! Everything is clear!". "Well, since everything is clear, then take it and take it apart and assemble it yourself, and I will control it." The Japanese both stood and continued to stand. Ours again: "Let's take it apart, what are you worth?" The Japanese will not budge. Then the translator came up and said to our: "So you can’t, you specifically tell everyone what to do." Our instructor scratched his head and began to command: "So! Listen to me! You-hold, this, you hold this, you-spin this, you drag this, etc." And it went! All together quickly dismantled and assembled. Assembled and disassembled several times. Finished and again lined up with their hands behind their backs. “Well done!” - praised ours. "And now, all of you will do the same, but one!" The Japanese fell into a stupor again - they themselves cannot do all the disassembly and assembly operations alone. Team, please, but alone, fall into a stupor. Oh, my interlocutor too was lured while he taught them something. From this, he concluded that the Japanese are strong in teamwork and simple operations, but that something complicated, and if you haven’t yet been familiar with it and doing it alone, all the scribe, have arrived. He wondered how the Japanese had made such progress in science and economics with such an “approach”.
    1. Greenwood
      Greenwood April 25 2016 13: 21 New
      +3
      Quote: Monster_Fat
      how is it that the Japanese have made such progress in science and economics with such an “approach”
      In fact, there is nothing wrong with this approach, when each member of a team (system) knows their part of the matter by 5+ and performs only it, but qualitatively. Together, such a team (system) working according to the tried-and-true scheme is able to achieve impressive results in the shortest possible time. In our country, as a rule, specialists carry out in addition to their work a bunch of adjacent ones (not according to their profile). This does not always have a positive effect on the final result (although skills in different industries can be improved in this way). Unfortunately, we have a lot of hand-shakers and simply inexperienced workers who clutching at everything in a row will only lock up the whole thing. But by teaching such an employee how to work in a team where he will perform specifically his part of the work (which he will understand thoroughly), one can achieve much greater results.
      1. KaPToC
        KaPToC April 25 2016 16: 51 New
        +4
        The Japanese scheme works only in ideal conditions, pay attention to how they "fought" with the accident in Fukushima. The Japanese scheme simply will not work in difficult Russian conditions.
        1. Greenwood
          Greenwood April 25 2016 18: 13 New
          -4
          Quote: KaPToC
          notice how they "fought" with the accident in Fukushima.
          In fairness, Fukushima is the brainchild of Americans.
          Quote: KaPToC
          The Japanese scheme simply will not work in difficult Russian conditions.
          We create conditions for ourselves.
          1. KaPToC
            KaPToC April 25 2016 18: 52 New
            +4
            No matter whose offspring is Fukushima, it is important how the Japanese act in a critical situation.
            I wonder what kind of conditions we create for ourselves? Climatic? Logistic? Russians are the best in the world of logistics, but this is not from a good life. Russians are the strongest nation - because nature hits us harder.
            1. Come on
              Come on April 26 2016 04: 18 New
              0
              Than canadians? Or Swedes with Finns? Are you talking about winter?
              1. KaPToC
                KaPToC April 27 2016 00: 26 New
                +3
                Both Canadians and Swedes with Finns have a milder and warmer climate, although the nations mentioned are not weak either.
                The Swedes are generally much warmer than in Russia, the Canadians with the Finns have territories where it is almost as cold as in Russia (almost !!!), but NO ONE LIVES there, in Russia the cities are million-plus in permafrost!
                And what does Fukushima and Canadians with Finns have to do with it?
        2. Come on
          Come on April 26 2016 04: 16 New
          0
          And how did they deal with the Fukushima accident? The constant tsunamis and powerful earthquakes, the difficult terrain and the absence of any significant natural wealth, except for fish, are really very ideal conditions to develop one of the most advanced economies in the world.
      2. sharp-lad
        sharp-lad April 25 2016 23: 00 New
        +2
        In such a team work, all is well until someone from the team has dropped out! After the loss of a “fighter”, the team turns into a “ballast”.
    2. Dimon19661
      Dimon19661 April 25 2016 14: 35 New
      +1
      Do not bring such nonsense, I myself have lived in Japan for more than two years, and believe me, they normally think. We have a lot to learn from them.
      1. KaPToC
        KaPToC April 25 2016 16: 53 New
        +2
        But on a Russian collective farm a bogeyman, a tractor driver dresses a caterpillar ALONE. Let us tell you how these dead ends "normally" think.
        1. Come on
          Come on April 26 2016 04: 26 New
          -1
          To a tank alone? Pulls out curved side shields and pulls out a caterpillar stuck between rollers? Generally yes, well these stupid Japanese! After all, what kind of stupid things you need to be in order to supply half the world with household appliances and cars, to have one of the most powerful economies and a standard of living, but at the same time live from a tsunami to an earthquake, in a mountainous terrain with a difficult terrain.
          1. KaPToC
            KaPToC April 27 2016 00: 30 New
            +2
            Quote: Yeah, well.
            After all, what stupid things you need to be in order to supply half of the world with household appliances and cars

            Are you talking about the Chinese? And what does the Japanese have to do with it?
            Quote: Yeah, well.
            standard of living

            A favorable climate makes life much easier, much stronger than resources and hydrocarbons. Contrary to popular belief, the standard of living of the Japanese is low.
    3. Come on
      Come on April 26 2016 04: 07 New
      +1
      Maybe it was such a working code in that collective, maybe it’s connected with culture, there are some principles there, you never know what. But they also have world-famous scientists, in all areas of science and industry, the manufacturability and quality of their products are also well known. They, in principle, like all people, are the same. But there is a very high degree of responsibility, fear of losing face, hard work, accuracy, modesty and politeness in Japanese society, so they were able to reach such a high level while living on rocks, earthquakes and tsunamis.
  6. 37 year
    37 year April 25 2016 10: 25 New
    -12
    I don’t understand what Chinese Communist rubbish is doing next to modern Japanese and South Korean cars, I looked at his photo only spoiled my mood from the article, it would be better if we paid more attention to Japanese technology.
    The author would have added North Korean tractors here, there is also "armor" in the cockpit, at least 5 cm thick communist forehead!
  7. Verdun
    Verdun April 25 2016 10: 47 New
    0
    Thanks to the author for a good review. In my opinion, of all the MBTs listed, the most serious rivals are Japanese and Korean tanks. But their good weight and size characteristics are not least achieved due to the fact that the tanks were originally designed for a short crew.
  8. Lester7777
    Lester7777 April 25 2016 11: 35 New
    0
    It seems to me, or is the Indonesian Anoa-2 very reminiscent of the French VAB?
  9. Lester7777
    Lester7777 April 25 2016 11: 46 New
    +3
    Quote: Verdun
    In my opinion, of all the MBTs listed, the most serious rivals are Japanese and Korean tanks.

    And the most likely are the Chinese.
  10. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek April 25 2016 12: 26 New
    +4
    Here's how to look. Japanese and Korean BT are reminiscent of luxury cars. They need to participate in real hostilities and then it will be clear what they are worth. All separately: metal, electronics, engine, tools, they have wonderful. And how will it act in the system and in battle? If the BPS enters the tank (if it does not penetrate), even the T-72/64, T-80/90, some of the electronics will fail. How will Asian tigers behave in these situations? The Chinese technology in the advertising pictures is not bad, but by analogy with the Chinese industrial equipment, they have problems with metal, and this is directly the resource of the barrel, suspension, diesel. And India with the T-90S armada could be on the horse here.
    1. Monster_Fat
      Monster_Fat April 25 2016 13: 07 New
      +5
      I read somewhere, in my opinion in "Soldier of Fortune" about how our tanks took part in a tender for the purchase of equipment for one of the Middle East countries. So ours, as usual, saved and didn’t send transporters for transporting armored vehicles and our tanks had to make their way to the test site and back, but all the other western samples that took part in the competition were brought and taken away by transporters. So, when once ours drove their tanks and sat down in the shade to "smoke" a representative of the French approached them, who brought the Leclerc tank, sat down and expressed his surprise that the Russians were "driving" their tanks to the landfill every day, without saving motor resources, and then he himself said: "Well, yes .. you are Russian, you have everything for the war, but with us ..."
      1. Old old
        Old old April 26 2016 00: 29 New
        +3
        ... and then he himself said: "Well, yes .. you are Russians, you have everything for war, but ours ..."

        Someone said that it is better to serve in Western technology, and to fight in Soviet.
      2. Come on
        Come on April 26 2016 04: 58 New
        -1
        Quote: Monster_Fat
        "Well, yes .. you are Russian, you have everything for the war, but with us ..."


        But the French like they’re not fighting anywhere and haven’t fought, you think, they haven’t climbed out of hot spots for the last 60 years, they can only arrange parades. The fact that the Frenchman came up and said so does not have to be so literally understood. This is a typical Frenchman, just showed respect and joked so much at the same time. And here’s the question: Which crews with the tank are more likely to reach the DB to be more efficient and effective, those who rested on the road, and the tank saved the resource not only of the engine. Or those who made the same road in a tank? If you look at the cost of the tank, even the T-72, especially the B3, whose modernization then, at that rate, if I’m not mistaken, cost $ 1,5 million per tank, not counting the tank itself, then in my opinion it’s very advisable to have your own tank tractor. Moreover, the choice of tractors up to 50 T. is significantly higher than those up to 80 T., as for Carrots and Abrams. Probably I won’t lie if such a MAZ will cost no more than $ 200, which is two times cheaper than a tank engine.
        1. mitya24
          mitya24 April 27 2016 15: 46 New
          +3
          Everything is good and foldable with a tractor. Both the rested crew and the whole tank, there is only one small “but” wheeled tractor, which implies the presence of an asphalt highway, not even gravel or gravel, but asphalt. And war is such a thing where asphalt is not always there. The conclusion in this regard, I think, is obvious.
        2. KaPToC
          KaPToC April 27 2016 20: 16 New
          0
          There are railways for strategic maneuvers, of course, tractors are also needed, to poor countries that do not have a developed railway network.
    2. Come on
      Come on April 26 2016 04: 43 New
      -1
      Quote: Zaurbek
      Here's how to look. Japanese and Korean BT are reminiscent of luxury cars. They need to participate in real hostilities and then it will be clear what they are worth.


      G-Class Mercedes, or "Gelik" and a luxury car and in the database has already participated. Quality and high technology is always good. And the Japanese probably have not forgotten about the trials, and their access to proven solutions and technologies is also almost unlimited.

      Quote: Zaurbek
      If the BPS enters the tank (if it does not penetrate), even the T-72/64, T-80/90, some of the electronics will fail. How will Asian tigers behave in these situations?


      If they know how to make reliable electronics, it’s in Japan and South Korea, in addition, all Western tanks operate with completely cut-down electronics, for example, they shoot only in the optical range. If I'm not mistaken, then all the important electronics, for the LMS and mobility, are duplicated. For the Germans, this is part of the tactic, the tank is completely “dead” and cold, in addition it is masked (put in a grove and muffled with bushes) and, looking at the 22-fold Zeiss sight, aiming the barrel with handles, it is used as a big sniper.
      Quote: Zaurbek
      The Chinese technology in the advertising pictures is not bad, but by analogy with the Chinese industrial equipment, they have problems with metal, and this is directly the resource of the barrel, suspension, diesel. And India with the T-90S armada could be on the horse here.



      Here absence and access to many key technologies play a big role, there is no exchange, unlike the Japanese, or the South Koreans. But the level of the Chinese over the past 10 years has jumped very much.
  11. Nick1953
    Nick1953 April 25 2016 16: 09 New
    +1
    A parable from theatrical life comes to my head from my bad habit of generalizing and thinking: if in the first act of the play a gun hangs on the stage, then in the last it should shoot.
    In the world mountains of weapons are produced and accumulated and, to me, everything can end with a big bad boom ...
    Why will mankind not spend resources to ensure its prosperity? Does everyone consider themselves trickier than everyone? We consider ourselves civilized people, and behave like primitive savages sharing the last mammoth ...
    1. Ruslan
      Ruslan April 25 2016 17: 00 New
      +1
      Sorry, what kind of infantilism? each adequate people (tribe) is fighting primarily for their well-being and sneeze on the rest. and a weapon is necessary just so that all kinds of freeloaders and loafers do not try to take their own. I don’t give a damn about the fact that billions of people do not have access to clean water, food and other benefits, the main thing in Russia is they, at least in a minimal amount. I don’t want to, at the expense of the Russian people, the Papuans ate. there, it’s better instead of Asun’s hydroelectric power station in Egypt, it would be better to build somewhere in Russia. if savages do not like such a life, let them accept the efforts and arrange their prosperous life themselves.
      and yes, tanks were built throughout the Cold War, and not especially needed. This parable is not very applicable to reality.
      1. Nick1953
        Nick1953 April 25 2016 18: 00 New
        0
        Comrade, the question is philosophical, and you answer like that primitive savage! Do you have a cap? A fold from her forehead?
        I myself made tank guns, and my father designed them and since then I still remember that one shot from a tank cost as much as FIVE KILOMETERS of sausage! Wouldn't it be better to eat this sausage? All intelligent humanity.
        1. sharp-lad
          sharp-lad April 25 2016 23: 05 New
          +4
          Without that tank shot, your sausage would be eaten by others, not you! And not only yours! But those five kilometers, made instead of a tank shot.
          1. Come on
            Come on April 26 2016 06: 03 New
            -1
            Quote: sharp-lad
            Without that tank shot, your sausage would be eaten by others, not you! And not only yours! But those five kilometers, made instead of a tank shot.


            So this is the whole drama of what is happening in the world! Man is essentially right. Of course, today the world is unfortunately still such that wars begin because of all ambitions, ideologies and pritenzy. And for this we must be ready for war, and the army is not cheap pleasure and always unprofitable. A small handful of people start wars easily, but the remaining 99% pay the price and often too high. To everything else, nuclear weapons were added, in my opinion the most idiotic invention of mankind. In my opinion, this is not even a weapon, it is in no way connected with honor, courage and courage, it is an invention of the devil, a concentration of the most base feelings of a person. Therefore, not only the most idiotic, but also the most monstrous, the road to Hell, literally.
        2. The comment was deleted.
        3. Ruslan
          Ruslan April 26 2016 15: 58 New
          0
          all rational humanity doesn’t, only Russian mouths, and let others do it for themselves or buy from us. I absolutely agree that the USSR military-industrial complex fell into insanity in the 70-80th, riveting 3 series of different tanks, la, making satellites with a working life of several months, and that this money had to be spent on the production of consumer goods and food, but never I agree that the weapon is useless. this is the only way for the country to protect what belongs to the people. and how different thinkers would not like to live in utopias, inventing fairy tales, the reality is that not many nations are able to organize and build a more or less effective state. therefore, these Holodroots and want to get what they did not deserve, for free, by force. I am very sorry that the current government will play a point, shoot the crowds of migrants brazenly sweeping across the border as it is now in Europe. one thing reassures us that they don’t give them free hundreds of euros for the snout and they are not interested here.
  12. k_ply
    k_ply April 25 2016 16: 12 New
    +1
    Well, only here is the BTR Terrex 8x8 in the photo in the "boat" version, possible purely for the USMC (not his own).
    Here Terrex is really what it is: http://www.military-today.com/apc/terrex_av81.htm
    1. Come on
      Come on April 26 2016 06: 04 New
      0
      But this "boat" Vesiya seems to be like the most advanced in defense and other and expensive?
      1. k_ply
        k_ply April 27 2016 19: 42 New
        0
        Advanced defense? and the word "boat" does not cause any associations? All overgrown forms with aluminum cavities (filler unknown), for the sake of increasing seaworthiness and buoyancy.
      2. The comment was deleted.
  13. Type 63
    Type 63 April 25 2016 16: 24 New
    +1
    ZTZ96A and Al Khalid machines are different
  14. AlexSam
    AlexSam April 25 2016 19: 51 New
    +3
    the following picture appeared: a battle is going on, suddenly the Japanese commanders get in touch with ours, ask for a timeout of about 40 minutes, their caterpillar flew off on one of the tanks ... ours say "you fucked up, warriors are bad, we just swayed, yes okay, "they announce a break, immediately bring up seeds, the soldiers slowly prepare tea, coffee, and settle down to watch the show ... meanwhile the enemy begins to do what we see in the film ...
  15. Arkan
    Arkan April 25 2016 21: 17 New
    0
    Good article. +++ Video with repairing the tank amused.
    1. sharp-lad
      sharp-lad April 25 2016 23: 07 New
      0
      But the tank is not repaired! Just prepared for the evacuation !!!
  16. mayhem
    mayhem April 26 2016 00: 11 New
    0
    Well done Chinese do not say anything, to see how they are fighting and how good their technique is in battle
  17. Zeeke
    Zeeke April 26 2016 16: 27 New
    +2
    And still, don’t look exactly outwardly Chinese equipment does not look convincing. Although the characteristics are quite decent. But all the same, we must take into account that the equipment was nevertheless developed with an eye on the Russian one. There are certain external similarities and technological solutions.