Military Review

Iron Horse: how motorcycles were used in hostilities

Iron Horse: how motorcycles were used in hostilities

Since the taming of the horse and the invention of the wheel, the person has used all possible means of transportation for military purposes. Chariots, carts, cars. Not spared this fate and a motorcycle. We decided to understand the evolution of military motorcycles from the first models from the beginning of the XX century to the present day.

The first military "motorcycle" is considered to be the Frederick Sims Motor Scout presented in 1898. Palm in this case went to the British brainchild controversial, since the invention of Sims had four wheels, but for all other indicators it was just a motorcycle. Based on a bicycle frame and saddle, the Motor Scout Sims was equipped with a 1.5-engine engine from the French company De Dion-Bouton, a Maxim machine gun and an armored shield that protected the chest and the gunner’s head. In addition to the shooter driver, the Motor Scout could carry 450 kilograms of equipment and fuel, which was enough for the 120 miles to run. Unfortunately, due to the end of the Anglo-Boer War, the invention of Frederick Sima was not widely spread in the army.


World War I

By the beginning of World War I, the idea of ​​introducing motorcycles into the army had finally taken root in the minds of the commanders of all progressive countries. The main reason for this was quite a rational idea to replace horses with motorized equipment. It was because of this that couriers and soldier soldiers were the first to receive motorcycles in the army, but many armies did not limit themselves to just such use. The first motorcycles, reinforced by machine guns, appeared in the German army. Unlike the invention of Sims, they were modernized civilian motorcycles that did not have good armor. It is worth noting that attempts to create an armored bike lasted until the fifties of the 20th century, but did not lead to anything. Despite this shortcoming, the German "mobile machine gun points" were successfully applied in some operations on the fronts of the First World War.

The next step in the development of military motorcycle technology was the very logical appearance of mobile air defense. Aviation already ceased to be used only as reconnaissance and began to be used on a par with the rest of the equipment in hostilities. In this regard, there was a need to repel attacks from the air, for which large-caliber machine guns were installed on motorcycles.

Unfortunately, during World War I the bike was rarely out on the battlefield. His main occupation was the transportation of the wounded, the courier service and the expeditious delivery of various goods, including fuel for the rest of the equipment.

In the First World Motorcycle rarely went on the battlefield. His main occupation was the transportation of the wounded, the courier service and the prompt delivery of various goods.

Post-war fever

After the end of the First World War, all the participating countries, who appreciated all the advantages of motorcycles on the battlefield, began to develop new types of motorcycles. Many of them were too futuristic for their time. For example, in 1928, the French introduced the new Mercier motorcycle. Its main difference from other colleagues in the workshop was the front track wheel, which at that time seemed like a very fresh idea. Later, in the 1938 year, also a Frenchman, engineer Leatre, presented his motorcycle called the Tractorcycle. As the name implies, Leetre upgraded the 1928 model of the year, making his motorcycle entirely crawler. It would seem that light armor and high permeability should have made this model an ideal military motorcycle, however, there were a number of serious flaws: heavy weight (400 kilograms), low speed (with a 500 cubic centimeter motor, it developed a speed of only 30 km / h) and poor handling. Since the turn of the motorcycle was carried out by bending the track, the bike was extremely unstable when turning. Later Leetr added side wheels to his design, but the army was not interested in its development.

A non-standard model of a military motorcycle was created in Italy. The designers of the company Guzzi presented a tricycle equipped with a machine gun and the same armor-dressing, but the distinguishing feature of this motorcycle was that the machine gun was turned back and there was no possibility to deploy it.

In Belgium, they also tried to create something original, and in 1935, concern FN succeeded. The Belgian designers presented a simpler model of an armored motorcycle M86. Compared to the rest of the European “colleagues”, M86 turned out to be successful: the motorcycle was equipped with a forced engine on 600 cubic centimeters, a reinforced frame, armor plates that closed the motorcycle and the driver on the sides and front. M86 could also carry a wheelchair entirely armored with an armored Browning machine gun. For all the time of production, about 100 of similar motorcycles were manufactured, which were in service with such countries as Romania, Bolivia, China, Venezuela and Brazil. Unfortunately, not a single instance has been preserved.

In addition to various ideas that were hardly adapted to life, the “ordinary” motor industry also developed. This was especially noticeable in Germany. After the end of the First World War, under the terms of the German peace treaty, it was prohibited to manufacture all types of weapons, but there was not a word about motorcycles. In this regard, in Germany began a real dawn of motobuilding. The main factor for the development of this sphere was that the average resident of a ravaged country could acquire a motorcycle, while the automobile remained the lot of the rich. That is what prompted BMW to switch from the production of spare parts for trains to motorcycles and to enter into a contest with the second largest motorcycle manufacturer in Germany, Zundapp.

Initially, BMW did not introduce anything new by installing the M2 В15 boxer engine on its motorcycles, which in fact copied the English Douglas engine, but by the year 1924 the engineers present the first production BMW R32 motorcycle created from scratch.

But as time went on, and from the beginning of 1930's, the Bavarian concern realized the need to create a specialized military motorcycle. That was the BMW R35. Unlike its predecessors, it had a telescopic front fork and a more powerful engine, the volume of 400 cubes. An important point for the army was the driveline, which was distinguished by high wear resistance relative to the chain. Of course, the R35 also had “old sores,” such as a stiff rear suspension. Sometimes, under heavy loads, the frame burst, but this did not prevent the R35 from becoming operational. This bike was a success in the infantry, motorized units and medical battalions, and the police. Production BMWR35 lasted until the year 1940, after which he gave way to highly specialized military motorcycles.




Simultaneously with the model R35, BMW produced the model R12. In fact, it was an improved version of R32. The motorcycle had an engine of 745 cubic centimeters and a telescopic fork with hydraulic shock absorbers, which made it a class higher than the R35. Creating a military version of the R12, one of the two carburetors was removed from the design, which reduced the horsepower from 20 to 18. Due to its low price and good performance, the R12 model has become the most popular motorcycle in the German army. From 1924 to 1935, 36000 of such motorcycles was launched. Like most BMW motorcycles, the R12 was produced as a “solo” or with a sidecar. Produced by the Royal company, she was curious because she did not have a single weld and had a specially designed spring for the careful transportation of the wounded.

The latest, but no less interesting motorcycle, in the branch of pre-war BMW was the model R71. Released from 1938 in four versions, he was the founder of the Soviet military motorcycle production.

In addition to BMW, the aforementioned Zundarr motogroup, which also carried out government orders, participated in the industrial race. Zundarr supplied three main models: К500, КS600 and К800. The model K800 with a sidecar was very popular among the soldiers. Due to its cheapness, they easily got into service, but of the entire branch represented by Zundarr, only K800 could compete with BMW R12. Also K800 was interesting because only this is the only four-cylinder model, which was in service in the German army. This feature was partly a disadvantage, since the rear cylinders of the KHNUMX were poorly cooled, which led to frequent oiling of the candles.

In Russia, during and after the First World War, there was practically no motorcycle production. This continued until the 1930-s. It was then, at the time of the technical re-equipment of the Red Army, that there was a need for a motorcycle of its own, which could bear all the Russian weather. The first domestic motorcycles specially developed for the army were the L300 and the KMZ 350. In fact, the KMZ 350 was a copy of the American Harley-Davidson, however, the Russian equivalent was much inferior to the Western motorcycle, and it was decided to give it up. He was replaced by TIZ-AM1931 manufactured from 600 of the year. This bike was designed and supplied only to the army. Being a combination of "Harley" and some British trends, TIZ-AM600 was a domestic development of the domestic auto industry, although not particularly outstanding.

In 1938, domestic design bureaus present several models at once: Izh-8, Izh-9 and L-8. The brightest and most successful among the presented motorcycles was the L-8. Relatively powerful overhead valve engine in 350 cubic centimeters was the pride of the domestic motorcycle. But despite the fact that the model L-8 was produced at once in several factories throughout Russia, the motorcycle did not meet all the needs of the army. This was due to the fact that each plant made its own amendments to the draft of the motorcycle, which led to the lack of unification in spare parts and turned into a serious problem in combat conditions.




The Second World War

Kraftrad ("power wheel") - this is how the German army called motorcycles. It is from here that the abbreviation "Krad" or the letters "K" and "R" in the designation of some motorcycles appeared. But first things first.

With 1940, real reforms began in the German army. Despite the success of almost all pre-war BMW and Zundarr models, the command required a completely new class of manufacturers: heavy motorcycles. The first and only of its kind were two motorcycles: BMW R75 and Zundapp KS750. It was specially designed for off-road movement “plow horses”. Equipped with wheel drive wheels and a special off-speed speed, both motorcycles have proven themselves as well as possible. However, due to the high price, these motorcycles were supplied first to the African corps and parachute units, and after 1942, to the SS forces. Also in 1942, it was decided to release a new improved Zundapp KS750 motorcycle with a BMW 286 / 1 stroller, but, unfortunately, this model did not manage to see the light. Its production was to begin after the fulfillment of the order for the production of 40 thousands of R75 and KS750, of which only 17 thousands were produced during the entire war.

Something completely new for the German army was the semi-tracked motorcycle Sd. Kfz. 2, known as Kettenkrad. Launched from 1940 to 1945, Kettenkrad was designed to move light guns and was more of a tractor than a motorcycle. Inside this model was a half-liter engine from Opel. In total, during the war years, 8733-like units were produced, which were mainly delivered to the eastern front. Tracked traction coped well with the Russian impassability, but they also had their drawbacks. Kettenkrad often turned over on sharp turns, but because of the landing system, the driver could not quickly jump off the bike. Also on Sd. Kfz. 2 was impossible to drive on a hill diagonally.

Despite the success of almost all pre-war BMW and Zundarr models, the command required a completely new class of manufacturers: heavy motorcycles.

There is a legend about the appearance of a full-fledged motorcycle in the Russian army: When all the newest motorcycle developments of almost all countries were presented to the Armored Forces Committee in 1940, one of the high-ranking military officials asked: “What are the Germans attacking?” In response, they pointed out BMW R71 . From that moment began the development of the motorcycle M72. The first batch of these motorcycles came off the assembly line in July 1941, after the invasion of German troops into the USSR. The M72 actually did not differ from the R71: it had a simple design, an opposed lower valve engine providing a low center of gravity, with 22 L power. with., duplex tubular frame using variable cross-section tubes, front fork with hydraulic shock absorbers, universal drive rear wheel and powered by each cylinder from a separate carburetor. Of course, the bike was not fast (the maximum speed of the M72 is 90 km / h), but with high torque, which was a great advantage for the military vehicle.

BMW R71 impressed and American designers. So, the two-cylinder engine R71 with a four-speed gearbox and a drive shaft drive to the rear wheel of the American production "planted" on the classical basis of the company Harley-Davidson, while receiving a new motorcycle Harley-Davidson 42XHA. Basically this bike was used in North Africa. At the same time, the Harley-Davidson WLA42 got up on the conveyor. The military motorcycle WLA42 was a descendant of the civilian Harley-Davidson WL and differed from its "peaceful brother" only with reinforced wings, an air filter with an oil bath and other crankcase breathers, which did not allow dirt to get into the engine. Also on it were installed the trunk, leather trunks and holster for the machine Thompson М1А1. Inside, the motorcycle had a V-shaped two-cylinder engine on 740 cubic centimeters, which allowed it to develop an impressive speed for that time in 110 km / h.

WLA42 was supplied to the Soviet army, where it was often put on a stroller from domestic models. However, the Americans supplied the Allied armies and other motorcycles, such as the Indian, the 741 Military Scott and Harley-Davidson WLA45 models.

The military motorcycle WLA42 was a descendant of the civilian Harley-Davidson WL. It differed from its “peaceful brother” by reinforced wings, an air filter with an oil bath and other crankcase breathers, which did not allow dirt to get into the engine.

Army bikes after the war

After the end of World War II and the final cut of Germany between allied countries, BMW R35, produced by the Germans from 1935 to 1940, re-entered the arena. In the Soviet occupation zone, the R35 release resumed in the city of Eisenach in 1946. Of course, the bike was modified and modified. It changed the electrical equipment and power system, as well as added a rear suspension. That is how he began to enter the USSR. Powerful and unpretentious, he was in great demand. Approximately the same thing happened with the rest of the bikes of World War II. They were repainted and changed, but the essence remained the same.

A major novelty was the IMR-1995 “Ural” shown in 8.107 year, which is still in great demand. Equipped with a Gear-Up stroller, this motorcycle is a derated version of the civilian IMZ-8.017. This bike can be equipped with a machine gun, which makes it an excellent example of military moto production.

Army Harley-Davidson with the two-stroke single-cylinder Rotax engine on 350 cubic centimeters is also popular now. This model is widely distributed throughout the world and is used as a motorcycle intelligence or escort. However, like most modern military motorcycles, the Harley has a flaw: it uses JP-8 fuel. JP-8 is more like a mixture of aviation kerosene with diesel fuel, which makes it unsuitable for use with conventional gasoline engines. But there are exceptions. For example, the HDT M103M1 motorcycle, based on the well-known Kawasaki KLR650, uses simple diesel fuel, which is an indisputable advantage. Also, this bike boasts high efficiency. With an average 55 speed of miles per hour, he passes 96 miles per gallon of fuel.

"Ural" IMZ-8.107

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  1. Same lech
    Same lech April 23 2016 05: 22
    I went on this ... smile rumbles like a tractor but powerfully travels through the mud infection.

    The grandfather of the owner said that the trophy with the Second World War.
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 April 23 2016 06: 04
      Excellent article.

      And almost all motorcycle brands have been written.
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 April 23 2016 06: 36
        Motorcycles played in the first half of the Second World War, an exceptional role for the Wehrmacht, as a massive and cheap vehicle.
        After the 1 World War II, Germans were forbidden to produce weapons, but motor vehicles were not included in this list.
        And in the 24 year, BMW assembled the first production BMW R32.

        BMW R71
        1. shasherin.pavel
          shasherin.pavel April 24 2016 09: 24
          And where are the "notorious" MGs in wheelchairs? Gentlemen directors, please note that there are no machine guns on wheelchairs, and the fact that no movie you have is a machine gun on every motorcycle. And yet, in the army, the Nazi greeting was not used, this is a purely party greeting, so do not make the "German" soldiers throw up their hand "Niall ...".
        2. Idiot
          Idiot April 25 2016 14: 07
          Departed, smelly ...
      2. Nikoha.2010
        Nikoha.2010 April 23 2016 09: 25
        Quote: cosmos111
        Excellent article

        Yes, I agree, but where is the author? A lot of such articles, otherwise they turned VO into a political trash! IMHO!
        1. cosmos111
          cosmos111 April 23 2016 10: 45
          Quote: Nikoha.2010
          More of these articles, otherwise they turned VO into a political trash

          Right, Sergey.

          1929 military modification of a modified motorcycle "Francis-Barnett Model 12", a working volume of 350 cubic meters.
          1. cosmos111
            cosmos111 April 23 2016 11: 21
            Finish with the British interwar.

            1.Mocycle for the military "Sunbeam".

            2. "3/1 343cc CV Single-Cylinder".

            3. 1935 mdeldel 3S model, single-cylinder motorcycle with an engine displacement of 343 cubes.

            4. Modified model, for military needs, civilian motorcycle "Rudge Witworth" Rapid.

            5. The company "Ariel" presented in 1939, for the military, single-cylinder 247-cc.

            The BSA War Office 498cc V-Twin with foot shift was produced from 1933 to 1937.
            6. "Royal Enfield Model WD / D" with a displacement of 248 cubic centimeters.

            7. "BSA B20" with 249cc single-cylinder engine, model 1937-1938.
            "Norton 16H"
            1. kugelblitz
              kugelblitz April 23 2016 12: 54
              Engines are good for the British, without a bazaar, but the lack of a rear suspension is annoying. That is why from the Italian motorcycles of the time and nepedetski flatters! wassat

              Actually Enduro Moto Guzzi Alce

              The most powerful shock absorbers Benelli 500 VLM

              Or the pendulum Gilera Militar 500

            2. kugelblitz
              kugelblitz April 23 2016 13: 00
              The Germans like the DKW NZ 350, but it's still a civilian motorcycle that served as the prototype of our Izh-350. Outwardly, the eye pleases! wassat

            3. kugelblitz
              kugelblitz April 23 2016 13: 04
              By the way, the French also had their own opposition, the Gnome-Rhone AX2, a massive frame like that of the Zundapp.

              1. cosmos111
                cosmos111 April 23 2016 16: 45
                Quote: kugelblitz
                but the lack of rear suspension is annoying.

                They did not consider it necessary.
                Harley also did not have a rear suspension, only spring-loaded seats.

                Harley-Davidson WLA, France 1944 year.

                In 1935, BMW developed the R12. BMW R12 was equipped with a telescopic front fork and hydraulic rear suspension.
        2. Verdun
          Verdun April 23 2016 10: 45
          otherwise they turned VO into a political trash! Nikoha. 2010
          This is because, in politics, everyone thinks he is Einstein. Science and technology are more complicated. You’ll blur something wrong, and you won’t be a smart guy anymore ...
        3. V.ic
          V.ic April 23 2016 19: 26
          Quote: Nikoha.2010
          turned VO into a political trash!

          "War is the continuation of politics by other means." K.Klausewitz
        4. shasherin.pavel
          shasherin.pavel April 24 2016 09: 36
          You have a strange opinion that a military review can do without politics. By the way, there is a section here "Armament". I’ll tell you that before an attack on a country, Hitler always postponed attacks several times ... so I’ll tell you this, it’s not because there wasn’t enough weapons, it’s because the political situation was not favorable and the attack could turn against him. At first he waited for the allies to quarrel, and then he attacked. He conquered all of Europe with political intrigues. Now there is a lot of arguing: why did Hitler let the British evacuate to the island in 1940? When the French saw that Hitler was not at war with England, and the British were not going to fight for France and "sprinkled" to their home, then they did not want to fight either ... ales kaput, Hitler enters Paris in parade line. And the French still accuse the British of treason. Politics ... and minimum losses with maximum results. Who excludes politics by studying war will never understand why and who won.
    2. evil partisan
      evil partisan April 23 2016 07: 53
      Quote: The same LYOKHA
      The grandfather of the owner said that the trophy with the Second World War.

      An uncle from the war was able to bring a Skoda motorcycle to the village. I went on it until the beginning of the 70s., Then I gave it to my niece. And only my brother-in-law hit him finally in the year 75-76 ...
      My manager Department at USU Kobelev L.Ya. During the war he was the commander of a motorcycle platoon reconnaissance tank brigade. In one such intelligence, he received a grave wound that almost made him disabled ... But then the country received an excellent physicist and organizer of science.
      1. Nikoha.2010
        Nikoha.2010 April 23 2016 10: 46
        Quote: wicked partisan
        But then the country received an excellent physicist and organizer of science.

        Damn, great! I, thanks to my grandfather, rose to the rank of captain. I have a beloved wife, my son just vomits at competitions such as the TRP. I also think that it was not in vain! Oh, you need a drink of beer!
  2. fa2998
    fa2998 April 23 2016 05: 58
    In World War II, it seemed unexpectedly that motorcycles and jeeps were an effective weapon. In the West, where the economy was focused on the civilian sector, where it was extensive auto and milk construction, it was easier, military modifications were made to the products. Tanks and trucks for motorcycles were built in the USSR and they weren’t particularly occupied with cars. It was difficult to rebuild the economy in wartime and conduct experimental work in this area. There were separate models, but they were also produced using a teaspoon. We used land-lease and trophies. hi
  3. bionik
    bionik April 23 2016 06: 28
    "URAL" ATGM "Competition".
  4. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 06: 40
    German "motorcycle girls" smile
    1. shasherin.pavel
      shasherin.pavel April 24 2016 09: 45
      Am I missing something ?! The helmets on motorcyclists are officer's, not lower than the major, and in the background are two soldiers in French helmets "pancakes". On the right motorcyclist the sole of the boot is without "nails". It looks like the British are taking pictures with trophies. Well, not the majors in ceremonial helmets rode motorcycles, and the uniform on the soldiers looks more like an allied one.
  5. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 06: 45
    Triumph 494 cc SV Single-Cylinder with three wheels is unlikely. 1926, UK.
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 April 23 2016 10: 57
      Quote: Bayonet
      Triumph 494 cc SV Single-Cylinder with three wheels is unlikely. 1926, UK.

      Alexander hi , posted a photo, almost simultaneously.

      But there were other models:
      1928 year, lightweight 250 cc tricycle OEC.
  6. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 06: 49
    Welbike - an unusual motorcycle of the Second World War, was in service with the British intelligence and sabotage service and weighed only 32 kilograms ... !!!
    The single-speed bike reached speeds of up to fifty kilometers per hour. Without refueling I could drive up to 145 kilometers. In the period between 1942 to 1945, 3853 units were produced, but not many were able to participate in ODR operations. Most of the Welbike was given over to the parachute regiment and was used in Arnhem, the Netherlands during Operation Market Garden. Among the soldiers, Welbike earned the nickname "Famous James (famous James)." It was equipped with a 98 cc two-stroke single-cylinder engine with air cooling and a single-speed transmission. Designed for use in specials. operations, it could be dropped by parachute, packed in a cylindrical container with a diameter of 38 cm.
    The moped gathered and started in 15 seconds.
    1. bionik
      bionik April 23 2016 07: 03
      The Italians also had such a thing. The Italian scooter for the airborne troops Vologrufo. A captured instance captured by British troops.
  7. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 06: 53
    Welbike in a parachute container.
  8. cth; fyn
    cth; fyn April 23 2016 06: 54
    The last photo is straight motorcycle apotheosis of war.
  9. cosmos111
    cosmos111 April 23 2016 06: 56
    In 1926, an experimental motorcycle "Triumph 494 cc SV Single-Cylinder" with hardly three wheels was released in Britain.
  10. aszzz888
    aszzz888 April 23 2016 06: 57
    We were in service with the Ka-750. With a stroller. Very walkable. good
  11. bionik
    bionik April 23 2016 06: 59
    NSU NK-101 (Sd.Kfz.2)
  12. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 07: 01
    The Vespa 150 TAP two-wheeled self-propelled gun can rightfully be considered the strangest weapon in its class. It will be extremely difficult to surprise someone with a stranger design. The combat vehicle was created on the basis of the Italian scooter and recoilless American gun M-20. The creators of Vespa 150 TAP from A.S.M.A. “The Atelier for the construction of motorcycles and automobiles” apparently decided to combine two things: speed (the scooter accelerated along the highway to 120 km / h) and firepower, almost tank. The scooter carried a 75 mm recoilless gun. smile
  13. bionik
    bionik April 23 2016 07: 15
    . The motorcycle of the post-war period Moto Guzzi Mulo Meccanico with a wheel formula of 3x3 is one of the most technically sophisticated motorcycles in the world, designed specifically for the Italian mountain forces.
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. evil partisan
    evil partisan April 23 2016 08: 32
    Kurchevsky’s gun on a motorcycle:
  16. Verdun
    Verdun April 23 2016 10: 08
    Excellent, very competent article. Thanks to the author. It seems that in the modern army, motorcycles could well find their niche. At least for hit-and-run mobile connections.
  17. Borus017
    Borus017 April 23 2016 10: 28
    Article plus. It is a pity that the further evolution of military motor vehicles up to and including our time is not covered. In the years 60-90, military mototechnics in the world developed and there were interesting designs. Continues to develop now. As a historical overview of the early to mid-20th century. - well.
  18. kugelblitz
    kugelblitz April 23 2016 10: 40
    Why are Italian motorcycles missing? Moto Guzzi, for example, was very widely used in the army, and IMHO was much better than Valuya and was not inferior to the Zundapps, especially the three-wheeled version.

    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet April 23 2016 16: 25
      Quote: kugelblitz
      Why are Italian motorcycles missing?

      Crawler motorcycle Tractor cycle, Italy. 1931
  19. Stas57
    Stas57 April 23 2016 11: 17
    nice topic, thanks

    The Sd half-track motorcycle became something completely new for the German army. Kfz. 2, known as Kettenkrad. Available from 1940 to 1945, Kettenkrad was designed to move light guns and was more of a tractor than a motorcycle.

    After the war, from the remaining backlogs of the buildings by the same companies, about 550 Kettenkrad was released for agricultural education. SIMCA, a French company, produced spare parts for Kettenkrad, but did not fully assemble the cars, while one French company, Babiolle, offered reconditioned Kettenkrads.
  20. bionik
    bionik April 23 2016 11: 24
    Motorcyclists. Finland. 1940 year.
  21. kvs207
    kvs207 April 23 2016 11: 25
    Quote: Verdun
    Excellent, very competent article. Thanks to the author.

    I join. But the army was still "Red".
  22. alpamys
    alpamys April 23 2016 11: 26
    BMW 1936 year

  23. Nikoha.2010
    Nikoha.2010 April 23 2016 11: 28
    That's real and thank you for the info! hi He instructed all the pluses! drinks Interesting! soldier
  24. The comment was deleted.
  25. bionik
    bionik April 23 2016 11: 48
    A column of motorcyclists.
  26. Atomist
    Atomist April 23 2016 14: 05
    My friend m72 of 1942 rumbles as if nothing had happened, my Dnepr of 75 years went over to a screw about 10 times everything that can be changed, one devil broke constantly. Here's how things did before.
  27. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 14: 53
    Iranian air defense. In the parade.
    1. Grim Reaper
      Grim Reaper April 23 2016 17: 31
      And what a chic thing you can do on an ant ....)))
  28. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 15: 13
    Well, also like the military smile
    On the set of the film.
  29. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 15: 20
    Swedes also made their contribution. In 1932, they developed the option of booking a Harley Davidson VSC / LC motorcycle. And most importantly - fully implemented. The car received the designation Landsverk 210 and was placed at the disposal of the Danish army already under the new FP-3 index ... which was not thrilled about it. As a result, the motorcycle was decommissioned in 1935. However, the idea was tempting.
    1. kugelblitz
      kugelblitz April 23 2016 15: 38
      Yes, even anti-tank guns managed to put or carry. wassat

  30. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 15: 44
    Harley-Davidson in the Russian Army. 100 years have passed ...
  31. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 15: 58
    Brave Russian scooters soldier
  32. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 16: 10
    Troops foreman of the 25th Don Cossack Regiment Khreschatitsky, Indian motorcycle, 1915
  33. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 16: 13
    The tough guys came to Harley-Davidson!
    The Russian Empire.
  34. Bayonet
    Bayonet April 23 2016 16: 18
    Unknown brave motorcyclist.
    The Russian Empire.
    1. shasherin.pavel
      shasherin.pavel April 24 2016 09: 58
      Judging by the English boots (red) and English buttons, then the staff officer, but on the right pocket there is a sign for injury and "george" on the left side of the chest, they say that the former comfrey, most likely, that he rose to the rank of officer and after being wounded got to the staff. Apparently I decided to send the photo home.
  35. Urri
    Urri April 23 2016 17: 03
    Today, in Syria, intelligence and courier communication of Churkobes on motorcycles in the face of intense opposition from SAA and Shiites received a second life. The demand for motocross class is huge, especially among fighters in the mountains of Latakia
  36. cosmos111
    cosmos111 April 23 2016 17: 15
    In Germany, the brands Zundapp, BMW, DKW, NSU and DKW were at the beginning.

    By 1938, Germany began to prepare for preparing for war. The number of models produced on the civilian market was reduced from one hundred and fifty items to thirty, and the engines of many motorcycles were standardized.
    Many structural elements were deliberately simplified, saddles, license plates, electrical sound signals were brought to a single design.
    Having started the war with a large number of heavy boxer motorcycles BMW and Zundapp with a sidecar, but by the 1944 year, their number in the Wehrmacht had significantly decreased, but the number of light 125-cube and 350-cube motorcycles had increased. DKW continued to produce lone motorcycles throughout the war from 1939 to 1945 year.

    350 cc DKW.
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 April 23 2016 17: 34
      The Belgian FN (Fabrique d'Armes de Guerre) model "M 12 SM" was equipped with a low-valve boxer engine with a displacement of 992 cc, a four-speed gearbox with an engine and a cardan drive to the rear wheel.
      It was in service with the Wehrmacht.
    2. cosmos111
      cosmos111 April 23 2016 17: 43
      the beginning of the war were the motorcycle brands Zundapp, BMW, DKW, NSU and DKW.

      Not correctly expressed: BASIC brands.

      Motorcycle "Ardie", model "VF 125" was equipped with a 123 cc two-stroke engine.
    3. Bayonet
      Bayonet April 23 2016 20: 20
      Quote: cosmos111
      350 cc DKW.

      Vague doubts torment me wink
      IZH-49 - dashing brother!
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 April 23 2016 20: 48
        Quote: Bayonet
        IZH-49 - dashing brother!

        All "brothers".
        BMW R75 (Ural)

        And, just a photo.
        1. Bayonet
          Bayonet April 24 2016 06: 41
          Quote: cosmos111
          And, just a photo.

          When I served in the GSVG, we had a road battalion in the garrison. The guys also did these tricks on their motorcycles! hi
          1. cosmos111
            cosmos111 April 24 2016 09: 08
            Quote: Bayonet
            The guys also did these tricks on their motorcycles!

            I myself did in my Urals.
            Brother, I was afraid to ride the steppe with me.

            Like that.
      2. shasherin.pavel
        shasherin.pavel April 24 2016 10: 05
        In vain you are tormented by doubts ... too many details of the difference, a trifle, it seems, but even the rack supporting the rear seat has a different slope and the outline of the tank.
        1. Bayonet
          Bayonet April 24 2016 17: 51
          Quote: shasherin.pavel
          In vain do doubts torment you ... too many details of the difference,

          After the end of World War II, Deputy Commissar of Arms V.N.Novikov came to Izhmashzavod and found out about the idea to recreate the old motorcycle industry there. Director of the enterprise S.S. Gindinson said that preparations for a new production had already begun, but it was supposed to complete it only on their own no earlier than a year later. For the quickest implementation of the plan in Germany, a group of employees of Izhmash was sent to the company DKV (Tsshopau). It included the chief designer and technologist - V.I. Lavrenov and V.P.Boltushev and other specialists. They took over the experience at the German plant, and also controlled the sending of special equipment, drawings, technological documentation, incomplete parts of the motorcycle model NTs-350. Compared with the pre-war IZH-9, the NTs-350 motorcycle was more modern. It used a loop cylinder blowdown, a reliable electric generator, a motor and gearbox mounted in one unit, rubber self-propelled seals, and many other innovations. As soon as a room was needed for the deployment of a new production, it was immediately found, and a special was placed in it. equipment that arrived from Germany, and to the existing machines they made the necessary technological equipment and devices. While preparations were underway for the serial production of motorcycles, the designers assembled several NTs-350 samples from German parts and began testing them in the vicinity of Izhevsk. The adaptation of the foreign model to our road conditions was entrusted to a group of designers (V.I. Lavrenov, V.P. Kamzolov and others). The development of design documentation was completed in 1949, and it was designated IZH-49. hi
  37. Grim Reaper
    Grim Reaper April 23 2016 17: 21
    Thanks to the author. Thank you to all those who commented on that they added.
  38. The comment was deleted.
  39. saygon66
    saygon66 April 23 2016 18: 59
    - The article is in time for the opening of the motorcycle season ... 7 days left ... fellow
  40. Denimax
    Denimax April 23 2016 20: 32
    Motor Scout in all respects can most likely be considered the first ATV.
  41. 7zakharov
    7zakharov April 23 2016 23: 28
    in our neighboring yard in the 70s there was a black motorcycle with a sidecar and in the sidecar there was a hole in the place where there used to be a mount for the machine gun, we were sure that this was a German motorcycle and only when we grew up we learned that it was our native M 72
  42. The comment was deleted.
  43. alatanas
    alatanas April 23 2016 23: 56
    MV 750 - for laying the cable P-270. Differential with blockage, friction clutch and gearbox for winding drive.
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 April 24 2016 09: 13
      Quote: alatanas
      - for cable laying

      BMW (but which modification is difficult to determine)
  44. Free wind
    Free wind April 24 2016 02: 01
    I had the M-72, the 53rd year. an interesting device, but with its own troubles, like the subsequent Urals and Dnieper. Carburetors rehearsing is problematic and eats a lot. Jupiter is dearer to me.
  45. Tankist_1980
    Tankist_1980 April 24 2016 21: 26
    The modern Russian army also needs motorcycles (ATVs, snowmobiles). Intelligence, communications. Low fuel consumption, high mobility. One crew will bring an RPG7 or Bumblebee and make some noise.
  46. Altona
    Altona April 24 2016 23: 13
    It’s standing at home, paternal. 1967 ... Izh-Planet-2 ... we can say the closest descendant of those motorcycles ...
      PHANTOM-AS April 24 2016 23: 39
      Quote: Altona
      It’s standing at home, paternal. 1967 ... Izh-Planet-2 ... we can say the closest descendant of those motorcycles ...

      awesome motor! in the village for mushrooms on this ride, class!
      1. Altona
        Altona April 25 2016 02: 56
        Quote: PHANTOM-AS
        awesome motor! in the village for mushrooms on this ride, class!

        There the motor is not native and the shock absorbers at the rear were originally hydro-, telescopic, and not spring. I wanted to sell, my father does not agree. I myself, as it were, are not a fan. In general, he was on the go. Started 10 years ago.
      2. gladcu2
        gladcu2 April 27 2016 00: 03
        I had Izh 3k, I bought it back at school in the 10th grade in 1984. I went to classes. By that time, I had rights and the motorcycle was registered on me. I bought for my money, which I earned on the summer holidays.

        Broke constantly. I regretted that Jupiter bought. A planet with one cylinder is less of a problem.

        I look at the photos of old motorcycles and I can not understand. Why do they have such a low center of gravity. Okay, those with a stroller. And those without, on the road, on such motorcycles are hard. Off-road need a center of gravity higher. Manageability is better.
  47. magician
    magician April 25 2016 09: 05
    good article! From my grandfather, I got a moped 50cc 2-speed torpedo 39g release, skated until 1985.
  48. Div Divich
    Div Divich 4 May 2016 19: 28
    In Russia, you need motorcycles for riding in the snow - snowmobiles. Cars in the winter through forests and fields will not be able to drive without first preparing the road.

    So tracked motorcycles came in handy ...