Military Review

Robot on post

11
In the middle of 1980's. in the USSR, a robotic, remotely controlled grenade launcher complex designed to protect secret objects was developed and put into service.


How many in stories There are wars of mankind, so many warlords break their heads over how to reduce the loss of their troops. Today, there are three ways to tackle this issue: improving and strengthening remedies, creating more powerful and sophisticated samples. weapons and the exclusion of man from the very process of fighting. The latter path is realized only by the creation of automated (robotized) combat vehicles operating without human participation, both self-propelled and stationary. Such machines tried to create a long time. Suffice it to recall the walking man Leonardo da Vinci. It was a machine with a limited program of actions: moving forward, backward, bending, etc. The robot was placed in metal armor or armor.

Robot on post


In the XIX century, with the development of science and industry, ideas about steam robots in the form of a horse and an iron man appeared that could be a force for transporting carts and even participate in racing races. See picture below.



However, progress in this matter was achieved only in the 30s. last century. In the USSR in 1929-1930 based on captured French tank Renault developed a cable-controlled design. In the years 1931-1932. already tested tank of domestic design MS-1, or TT-18. It was controlled by radio: moving at a speed of up to 4 km / h, it could execute commands “forward”, “right”, “left”, “stop”.



In 1934, under the cipher “Titan”, the TT-26 teletank was developed, equipped with OB triggering devices and a removable flamethrower. TT-26 tanks in 1935-1936 were released in small series (55 machines). The TT-26 teletanks were controlled from a conventional T-26 tank, equipped with control devices.



During the Second World War, Italy and Germany used remotely operated boats at the front, carrying powerful explosive charges on board.



After World War II, specialists began to think about creating stationary remote-controlled installations designed to protect military and secret objects, and in the conditions of war, to cover areas of potential enemy breakthroughs. Such installations would help to organize the defense of the site with minimal forces while maintaining effective defense.

For the first time in the world, such a remotely controlled installation was adopted by the USSR in the 80s. XX century It was a remotely controlled Mius complex, equipped with a 30 mm automatic aviation grenade launcher.



This complex was designed to equip fortified areas, roadblocks and protect objects of various purposes (airfields, military bases, sections of the state border, industrial facilities in wartime, etc.) with a significant reduction in personnel and its losses. The main method of using the complex is to create barrage fire and destroy enemy personnel.

They produced these complexes in Kazakhstan in the city of Uralsk at the Metalist plant.

Structurally, the complex consists of four 30-mm grenade launchers, control equipment with a remote control, an electrical equipment block, a wired communication line and its own direct current source. Calculation of the complex - 2 people.

The basis of the installation is a cylindrical stationary base on which the outer ring of the shoulder strap is attached. The inner movable ring of the shoulder strap is equipped with a machine with eyelets in which the carriage with a grenade launcher swings. Installation is closed on top with an aluminum cap.



The main weapon is an aviation X-NUMX-mm grenade launcher AG-30A, the work of automation is based on the use of free rollback energy, one-sided power supply, right-hand, from a magazine using a metal tape, firing speed - 17-400 shot / min., Weight of the grenade launcher - 500 kg . A VOG-22M shot (weight 17 kg, length 0,348-130 mm, radius of a continuous defeat - 132 m) with an instantaneous fuse is used for firing. Ammunition is 7 shots.



The machine also contains mechanisms for vertical (0-35 degrees) and horizontal guidance (300 degrees), guidance speeds on the horizon 5-7 degrees / s, and vertically - 0,8-1,2 degrees / s. The mechanism of horizontal guidance on commands from the control panel provides automatic dispersion in the 60 sector of hail. and shooting without scattering over the entire range of pointing angles. The mechanism of vertical guidance provides a change in firing range from 300 to 1650 m.

The main part of the control equipment is the transceiver with which the operator transmits, receives, decodes and issues control commands to the switching unit. The operator also receives data on the technical condition of the complex from the transceiver. The formation of control commands by the operator from the control panel.


View of the installation from the inside




The MIUS electrical equipment includes switching units, a vertical and horizontal ignorance sensor, cables, and a power source (from 220В or five rechargeable batteries using 24В). The length of the power cable is 500 m, and the length of the communication line between the control panel and the combat vehicle is 1000 m.


Operator control panel. On the lid of the box the instruction for the operator to work with the complex


In the process of combat use of the installation, the operator drives on and off the guidance drives, the start and the cease-fire are performed by the operator, giving commands remotely from the console. Targeting can be carried out in automatic or manual modes. In semi-automatic mode, the coordinates of the complex and targets are entered into a memory device of the control panel, and calculations of the installation guidance parameters are made using them, which are transmitted to the Miusa transceiver via a communication line. The grenade launcher, from which it is planned to fire, can be selected according to the program laid down or determined by the operator.



At the combat position, the complex is placed in the trenches and fixed on the ground with special pins. Next, the base of the structure is sprinkled with earth or lined with sandbags or earth. The control point is also located in a trench, at a safe distance. In a combat situation, the operator controls the four complexes, which have the following characteristics.

Firing range - 300-1650 m.
Ammunition - 300 shots on the barrel.
Rate of Fire - 400 - 500 rds / min.
Guidance Angle:
- horizontal - 300 hail. (150 degrees. right and left, respectively);
- vertical - 0 - 35 grad.
Weight of installation without ammunition - 150-200 kg.
The weight of the control panel - 35 kg.
Combat crew - 2 people.

Unfortunately, there is no information about where such complexes are now used and whether they were used for their intended purpose.

Sources:
1. Humanoid robots, androids, droids, bots and cyborgs: history and fantasy. Part of 1 // http://d-chebatkov.livejournal.com/2419.html.
2. 11 incredible robots created long before the XX century // http://hist-etnol.livejournal.com/2645439.html.
3. Boats of Germany // http://navyworld.narod.ru/sb01.htm#FL-13.
4. TT-26 Teletank USSR // https://www.drive2.ru/c/2545372.
5. Homing machine gun // http://forum.guns.ru/forummessage/36/458026.html.
6. AGS-17. Easel automatic grenade launcher // http://vse-pro-zbroy.ucoz.ua/publ/36-1-0-113.
7. Grenade launchers // http://forums.airbase.ru/2012/08/t8350--granatomety.html.
8. http://guns.allzip.org/topic/36/458026.html.
9. http://otvaga2004.mybb.ru/viewtopic.php?id=203.
10. Robot post accepted // Weapons. 2007. No.4.
11. Encyclopedia “Weapons and Technologies of Russia. XXI Century". Tom 2. Rocket artillery ground troops. Shooting and grenade launchers. 2001.
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11 comments
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  1. parusnik
    parusnik April 21 2016 07: 42
    +5
    Thank you, by the way, in my memory sits an episode of the film, the end of the 30s .. Enemies attack the USSR .. But the fighters at the operating console repel the attack .. the buttons on the remote control are pressed, the guns fire themselves, the tanks go on the attack .. That's the name of the film is not I remember ..
  2. Lopatov
    Lopatov April 21 2016 09: 22
    +2
    BC in 300 grenades is frankly small. However, the topic is promising
    1. Chiropractor
      Chiropractor April 22 2016 15: 35
      0
      300 - normal
      the point is detected and destroyed, so that these 300 would have time to shoot ..
  3. brn521
    brn521 April 21 2016 10: 13
    +1
    Quote: Spade
    promising topic

    However, information about such modern developments is very small. Although riveting such units is now much easier than in the 80s.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov April 21 2016 11: 36
      +3
      It’s high time to tie the AGSs of the grenade launcher platoon into one network. They are perfectly capable of working with closed OPs for unobservable purposes. Or for goals that only one of the operators sees ..
      And having such a working system before automated defensive systems is just one tiny step.
  4. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA April 21 2016 10: 32
    +3
    During the Second World War, Italy and Germany used remotely operated boats at the front, carrying powerful explosive charges on board.

    Maybe after World War I?
    Since 1906, experiments at the control of a surface ship at a distance have been conducted at the Siemens-Shukkert plant. December 29, 1915 the first two boats were completed. Each installed a drum with a wire length of 30 to 50 miles, connected to the mechanisms of the boat. When orders were sent ashore by seaplane, the range of the boat increased to 50 km. Subsequently, an electromechanical relay was included in the circuit, which converted incoming radio orders from the aircraft to the coast transmitter without human intervention. With a weight of 6 tons, boats reached a speed of 30 knots and carried from 136 to 227 kg of explosives.

    On April 24, 1916, such a boat was first tested in battle - it left Zeebrugge to attack British warships along the coast, but due to an accident the radio installations were blown up in front of the enemy. On September 11, 1916, the second boat, also based at one of the ports of Flanders, was not brought to the enemy during a raid on enemy ships due to a fire in the engine compartment and was also blown up. September 25, 1916, the boat, passing the network of barriers to attack the monitor, damaged the cable and stood up. However, the pilot who accompanied the pilot put the seaplane on the water, letnab quickly transferred to the boat, started the engines and delivered it to the harbor.

    The first successful use was on March 1, 1917, when the boat approached the port of Newport and blew up a 50 m long section of the pier. An important enemy observation post was destroyed along with it. On October 28, at 13.20, a boat was sent from Ostend station to attack the Erebus monitor, which was heavily guarded by 9 destroyers, 2 steamers — networkers, and 4 torpedo boats. 25 minutes after takeoff, the aircraft took control of the boat and by 14 hours 18 minutes reached the location of the enemy (20 miles). Despite the strong fire, the boat went around the stern of the monitor and literally climbed onto its starboard side. The explosion detonated the ammunition in the cellar of the monitor, which, however, was able to reach the base.

    Twice more, on September 6, 1917 and November 3, 1917, the boats were sunk before they reached the target. Since Germany experienced a sharp shortage of conventional high-speed boats, the remaining boats were converted into “manned” ones.

    Nevertheless, in the fall of 1917, having achieved success in radio control directly from the aircraft, the naval command decided to adapt the boats again for radio control. As a result, by the spring of 1918, the Marine Corps had 4 radio-controlled boats and 4 cable types, and the cable boats were equipped with the "new Siemens system that protects against radio interference when operating from an airplane." On May 28, 1918, at 14.20 p.m., the boat went out to attack the enemy ships, “but, due to an airplane antenna accident, the attack was interrupted.”
    (c) Eugene Belash. Myths of the First World War.
  5. Mikado
    Mikado April 21 2016 13: 53
    0
    Thanks to the author! I did not know about such a system!
  6. tchoni
    tchoni April 21 2016 15: 04
    0
    Such vechch in Afghanistan and Chechnya into blocks would ...
  7. Aviagr
    Aviagr April 21 2016 21: 45
    0
    My project of a self-propelled mortar for a modified shot of the 40mm underbarrel grenade launcher, including its cumulative version, has long matured. The main disadvantages of this stationary firing point: its immobility (immobility) and caliber 30mm - this is only against the infantry, and only on the defensive.
    My mortar, although it has less ammunition (30-40 grenades) and a range of only 600m, but it can move (move to the forward firing line), be towed in any way, incl. manual, and also has the ability to tow a trailer-rocket unit with 4 NUR S-8 or any remotely guided missiles. That is, it is like a container of these missiles with a self-protection system, and the missiles are launched either according to coordinates or towards the enemy with guidance / control from another device (UAV, operator, helicopter, etc.). Thanks to cumulative grenades and their almost vertical fall when firing along a ballistic trajectory, a mortar can do a lot of damage to lightly armored vehicles and even a hitch of tanks. It is distinguished by great flexibility of use in various situations and configurations: in an ambush, as the above-mentioned stationary firing point; in the offensive - as the "eyes" of the commander (video camera) and "bait" for enemy firing points (their unmasking and subsequent destruction, albeit with other weapons); in urban conditions - the same (+ the ability to manually drag over rubble, doors, windows, etc.); protection of important objects with non-lethal weapons (noise, paint grenades, tear gas, lighting ...); in a night battle, bombarding enemy positions with lighting grenades to blind night vision devices; as an anti-mine trawl for reconnaissance (anti-personnel mines) and vice versa: mining the front line (from a trailer); the supply of ammunition through the area under fire (in the trailer) and the removal of the wounded from the battlefield (in the same trailer). You can still list all the possible ways of using it for a long time. Dimensions approximately 800x800x1250, electric drive (from car batteries), bulletproof booking. The main advantages: low cost and the associated mass character, which is emphasized by the versatility and versatility of use.
    There are many new units that have yet to be patented: the mortar itself, grenade modifications, drive (gear motor), trailer, etc.
    I am looking for partners for implementation.
  8. UNFAMILIAR
    UNFAMILIAR April 21 2016 22: 15
    0
    But the TT26 was not very successful, but was used in the Soviet-Finnish war, the author forgot to mention the "Goliath" but it is rather closer to radio-controlled cars.
  9. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid April 25 2016 10: 25
    +1
    With joy, proudly learned that Russian robots were released much earlier than Japanese !!! I bow to the genius of our scientists !!!
    As far as I know, the first humanoid robot was made by the European prophet Albert the Great. His phrase is known to his disciple Thomas Aquinas:
    What I created 20 years, you destroyed in 20 seconds.
    Albert the Great was an alchemist. This robot inflated the forge. Thomas Aquinas saw it, mistook it for evil spirits and broke it. Unfortunately I forgot where I read about it.
    People have always wanted to create an artificial "man": a golem, a homunculus, a doppelganger ... And in science fiction works of this topic is full ...