Military Review

Army-2016. EW. Complex "Murmansk"

42
Four tall masts, somewhat similar to towers, are the EW Murmansk complex. To be perfectly accurate - half. The complete set, respectively, is two half sets.


Most recently, "Murmansk" was in the category of "Secret" and, unlike many of its relatives, was not so well known. But thanks to a happy coincidence, the goodwill of the brigade’s command and the efforts of the press service of the Western Military District, we were able to visit Murmansk, which is on special duty. Actually, special duty is very different from combat. What is the difference, we will omit it, because it’s not so interesting, and even if it’s interesting, you can’t talk about everything. But what can be - tell about that.


View of the antenna group from the RFP.


A tent for resting personnel who are not on duty. To say that the duty goes around the clock, probably not worth it.


RFP with backup generator and some other vital components.


Web ... For someone it is not scary, for someone is deadly.


The control point of the complex.




The installation process of antennas is maximally automated, but, nevertheless, requires a fair amount of time and physical labor of the personnel.




Control point from the inside. Unusually empty.

There was a funny moment. A spokesman for the ZVO asked the question, where is the radio or telephone to communicate with the command. The answer led him to bewilderment and indignation. "Here we have a chat ..." - "Come on !!!"

Indeed, all reports are accepted, and commands are given through a special chat on a closed, super-encrypted channel. 21 century ...

What can you say about the station itself? Almost nothing for now. Naturally, it has no analogues in the world. The range of confident impact is 5 000 (five thousand!) Kilometers. With ideal signal transmission in the atmosphere and antenna output at maximum power - 8 000 kilometers. But even with the usual - hello to any aircraft carrier in the Atlantic is guaranteed.

The complex is "sharpened" under the HF range of NATO countries, of course. One half set captures a sector of a certain angle. If you synchronize all the complete sets that are in service with the brigade, you can capture the sector in 360 degrees. Not that "the whole world is in dust", but it will be difficult to use radio stations. More precisely, it is impossible.

While the video was being shot, and the attendants were working on the task during the exercises that were taking place that day, I talked to the fighters. Serve exclusively contract soldiers, the command of the highest opinion about the fighters of this company.

He asked if it was dangerous in terms of radiation and other things on such a colossus. I was given a joke that the most dangerous thing is to get your own impulse in the ideal passage with an ideal passage. And the rest - little things.

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  1. corporal
    corporal April 1 2016 06: 09
    +5
    Such a sophisticated complex, and a residential kung on some kind of chassis for b / w healed. IMHO tents are good for tourists. We live in the 21st century.
    1. Waltasar
      Waltasar April 1 2016 07: 47
      +1
      Judging by the massiveness of the entire complex, there is no question of rapid deployment, and the personnel are hardly small. Kung is not enough.
      1. Roman Skomorokhov
        April 1 2016 08: 00
        +9
        Calculate 19 man. Deployment time - 2 days.
        1. Rus2012
          Rus2012 April 1 2016 09: 10
          +3
          Quote: Banshee
          Calculate 19 man. Deployment time - 2 days.

          MOBD rocket launchers the most it will be!

    2. just exp
      just exp April 1 2016 09: 30
      +6
      if they didn’t save on tents and took modern ones, then believe me, the kung nervously smokes, there is a tent hotel for comfort.
    3. Vadim237
      Vadim237 April 1 2016 10: 48
      -2
      These tents are probably still 70 years of release.
    4. Cap.Morgan
      Cap.Morgan April 1 2016 11: 38
      +3
      Quote: Corporal
      Such a sophisticated complex, and a residential kung on some kind of chassis for b / w healed. IMHO tents are good for tourists. We live in the 21st century.

      In summer it is better in a tent))
    5. Juborg
      Juborg April 1 2016 14: 32
      0
      Recently it was said that this complex is capable of completely stopping all flights from Karelia from Turkish airfields.
    6. KCA
      KCA April 1 2016 15: 25
      +1
      it’s much more comfortable to live in a tent than in a kung, the exception is general or how they are right, I don’t know, these are 2 sections (a kung on the KAMAZ chassis and a kung on a trailer) connected by a vestibule, yes, it’s very convenient, the floors, walls, furniture, kitchen, upholstered in wood stove, washbasin, toilet, shower, ventilation, heating, but this is for ONE person, and the department in which kunga to settle? on the BelAZ chassis?
  2. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack April 1 2016 06: 33
    +8
    Good story. in the morning pleased! but above - about the kung I agree with our climate - in a tent is not always good))))
  3. sa-ag
    sa-ag April 1 2016 06: 42
    -1
    "... But even with the usual - hello to any aircraft carrier in the Atlantic is guaranteed."

    M-yes, the satellite uses the west for long-distance communication, but for near VHF there is
    1. just exp
      just exp April 1 2016 09: 31
      +3
      this is if there is a satellite.
  4. denssss
    denssss April 1 2016 06: 55
    0
    how quickly does this complex deploy interestingly?
    1. Roman Skomorokhov
      April 1 2016 08: 01
      +3
      Two days by 19 people.
  5. Olfred
    Olfred April 1 2016 08: 25
    +2
    Authors + undoubtedly! 8 thousand km ... a mute scene .. here is a miracle wonderful marvelous marvelous! but doesn’t affect the weather in any way? wassat hi
  6. Pal2004
    Pal2004 April 1 2016 08: 33
    +3
    The antenna impressed ...
    1. just exp
      just exp April 1 2016 09: 32
      +6
      +, I saw the first photo I thought the complex was small, it’s interfering with a truck in a truck.
      but as I saw a picture of the antenna, he got a little bit cooler.
      1. vnedra
        vnedra April 1 2016 21: 32
        0
        here, here I am talking about too)))
  7. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer April 1 2016 11: 24
    +1
    And the operator must be on duty in a helmet?
  8. DimerVladimer
    DimerVladimer April 1 2016 11: 38
    +29
    I believe the problem of dynamic frequency suppression has been solved.
    Since even in the 80s, the communication systems of a potential enemy operated in short transmissions (1-2 sec) and quickly detuned from the frequency when attempting to suppress, it was necessary to "press" not selectively, with a wide range or with a "knockout" signal.
    The guys of the special electronic warfare battalion in the GSVG solved difficult tasks: for example, they "crushed" a squadron of overtaken F-16s, which were forced to land thousands of kilometers from the redeployment site, or "crushed" AWACS so that the NATO command asked the GSVG command to clear it - from AWACS fuel for the end, and the guys hammered the frequencies of the radio beacons so that the radar reconnaissance officer lost his bearings and could neither receive the location data, nor contact the dispatcher, and only had to leave the car ...
    EW is a powerful thing in skilled hands!
    And if the rest of the troops are on alert, then the EW troops are "fighting" continuously!
    One EW battalion costs more than one division.
    1. papik09
      papik09 April 1 2016 11: 54
      +8
      I have you "+" - sanul. You are 100500% right. The guys of the special electronic warfare battalion were designed for 2 (TWO) hours of battle. The task was as follows - on command to go to the "point", deploy the antennas and ... wait for the destruction. Now - a little differently: go to the "point", raise the antennas, and ... OBSERVE the Opponent's ATTEMPTS, well, at least do something ... Gee ... (3 timesA).
    2. Rusfaner
      Rusfaner April 1 2016 19: 21
      +3
      Well, just a balm for the soul shed !!!
      1979-1980 GSVG Cottbus Separate EW battalion.
      Everything that you write directly in your memory rises!
  9. Cap.Morgan
    Cap.Morgan April 1 2016 11: 41
    +3
    Not without reason merge info about the possibilities.
    To ponder the Americans.
    1. xBoris
      xBoris April 1 2016 14: 46
      +1
      .. AFRO-Americans .. =))
  10. Zubr
    Zubr April 1 2016 12: 23
    +3
    Wow, 5 thousand km, strong. What kind of power can this device give out? what
  11. Pitot
    Pitot April 1 2016 14: 58
    0
    Threw off info in my part of des. Well, ok, nefig secrets to declassify. Let the piss.
  12. Zubr
    Zubr April 1 2016 14: 59
    +2
    Quote: DimerVladimer
    And the operator must be on duty in a helmet?


    smile Well, what can you do, the foreman said: "LUMINUM" ... laughing
  13. Mestny
    Mestny April 1 2016 16: 14
    -1
    Quote: DimerVladimer
    And the operator must be on duty in a helmet?

    Of course necessary. This is the army, you have to understand!
    Moreover, in the cold season.
    Well, in the summer, I think instead of a helmet, you can use a foil cap with grounding.
    And no kidding if, then most likely for the photo I put on a helmet, that would be "in shape" so to speak.
    It is clear that in real combat conditions, if something flies to them, no helmet will likely help.
    The hellish thing!
    That would be to find out what it specifically does - clogs a certain frequency band with interference?
  14. opus
    opus April 1 2016 16: 34
    +1
    Quote: Author
    four tall masts, somewhat similar to towers, - this is the electronic warfare complex "Murmansto".

    EW “Murmansk-BN”
    Each "antenna" is a complex
    One complex (1 antenna) includes six pieces of equipment.

    four complexes EW "Murmansk-BN" on the territory of the 475th separate center for electronic warfare of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Federation (military unit 60135) in Sevastopol.





    Quote: Author
    Most recently, "Murmansk" was in the "Top Secret" category and, unlike many of its relatives, was not so famous






    Contract from 15.06.2011 No. 249/7 / С / 11-1 with OJSC NPO Zavod Volna for the supply of automated complexs EW HF radio communication RAM "Murmansk-BN" in the amount 4 units.

    Planned delivery time 2 units. - until 25.11.2011/30.03.2012/09.04.2012., two complexes were actually delivered on XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX and XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX


    The determination of June 24, 2013 in the case No. A40-69428 / 2012 Arbitration Court of the city of Moscow (AC of the city of Moscow),
    Resolution in the case No. A40-134866 / 13 Federal Arbitration Court of the Moscow District, decision of 12.09.2014

    PS ... all data is obtained from open sources yes

    Quote: Author
    hi to any aircraft carrier in the Atlantic is guaranteed.

    The most airborne connection is all the same.
    But the aircraft that took off and communicate with the AUG ... yes. inconvenience, but mainly for weak UAVs
  15. cedar
    cedar April 1 2016 18: 22
    +2
    If Turkey blocks the waters of its straits for us, then we from Sevastopol "Murmansk" block the sky of Turkey? And not only Turkey! Well well!
    1. opus
      opus April 1 2016 19: 17
      -1
      Quote: cedar
      And not only Turkey! Well well!

      fairy tales.
      ESD.


      power drops inversely with the square of the distance
      or the range falls in direct proportion to the square root of the power

      Distance Sevastopol Istanbul in a straight line - 549 km.


      substitute 549000m (or 320 km = 320000m) into the above equations, square and get the power of which you need to dirt
      Quote: cedar
      the sky of Turkey?

      you go nutsthe whole nuclear power plant will be few, and PPP for such power should be not even like that:




      Threat EW "Murmansk-BN" - in fact (if for the Navy) -protection of the coastal zone.
      the rest is fantasy
  16. Former battalion commander
    Former battalion commander April 1 2016 20: 54
    -3
    Frustrated in the article like "powerful thing, all be afraid." But it looks clear that the long-wave and short-wave range is suppressed, and it is not so important in real communication. It is much more important to crush signals from satellites, but there is, on the contrary, another problem, they are all narrowly focused. I'm not sure if armor (EW) wins at the moment.
    1. vnedra
      vnedra April 1 2016 21: 22
      -1
      and you are a former, sure of something
      1. Former battalion commander
        Former battalion commander April 1 2016 22: 05
        0
        I am sure only of your complete stupidity in this for sure.
  17. vnedra
    vnedra April 1 2016 21: 20
    -3
    cool, cool, cool, I work in the oil industry, our KAMAZ-based lifts have a mast height of 22 meters, it’s all 50 here. Deploy such a system is very good. okay. and you bl ... d couch experts hell did you see and know how angry except to knock on the clave, dicks ... you you have no idea how it all works!
    1. Former battalion commander
      Former battalion commander April 1 2016 22: 07
      -1
      A complete blockhead ... As if the height of the mast were deciding something in the EW ...
      1. opus
        opus April 1 2016 22: 43
        +3
        Quote: Former battalion commander
        It’s as if the mast height is solving something in the electronic warfare ...

        Decides 100%
        The higher, the further to the influence of the curvature of the earth's surface and any unevenness of the relief.
        New will be on a balloon
        Quote: vnedra
        us lifts on the basis of KAMAZ have a mast height of 22 meters, there are all 50.

        So in the "oil industry" a completely different mass of pribluda rises, therefore the height ... We are still in the gravitational field of the earth ..

        moment (overturning, in this case), as is known = mass x shoulder
        Quote: Former battalion commander
        .and you bl ... d couch experts hell did you see and know how

        1. Former battalion commander
          Former battalion commander April 1 2016 23: 26
          -2
          Decides 100%


          And where did you get that height decides? Have you come up with? The antennas here are raised only to reduce the effect of the earth's capacity and compensate for the sagging of these antennas no more. And the radio signal spreads over long distances by REFLECTING IT FROM THE IONOSPHERE of the Earth. Well, at least they would have looked at Wikipedia before talking.
          1. opus
            opus April 1 2016 23: 39
            +3
            Quote: Former battalion commander
            And where did you get that height decides?

            In homogeneous media, radio waves propagate rectilinearly at a constant speed, like light rays (radio beams).
            The convexity of the globe turns out to be such a large barrier that only long waves can bend around it, partially directing the rays along the earth's surface.
            The shorter the waves the weaker the property of enveloping obstacles is manifested by them. But even on extra-long waves and at the highest conceivable power values radiation range of diffraction propagation could not exceed 3000-4000 km.

            Kindly tell us about the layers F1, F2, E and D of the atmosphere in the HF range

            Quote: Former battalion commander
            Have you come up with?

            stood next to us. climbed, looked, one might say "worked"

            Quote: Former battalion commander
            reducing the effect of ground capacity and compensating for the sagging of these antennas no more.

            belay
            Lift you 50 m or 5 m. The Earth's "Capacity" effect on the radio wave will not change.
            C = 1 F.
            Will you stand on a condenser with a diameter of 6700km, or move away from him by 50 м effect, poh.
            the earth has significant electrical conductivity, therefore R. p. along the Earth’s surface leads to heat loss and attenuation of the wave. Energy losses in the earth increase with decreasing l (wavelength).

            "sagging antennas" is a masterpiece
            Quote: Former battalion commander
            Well, at least they would have looked at Wikipedia before talking.

            Unlike you, I try not to look. I have a normal education from the USSR,
            I'm not a victim of the exam (like you), really fire
      2. vnedra
        vnedra April 4 2016 22: 48
        -2
        this confirms that you are a former, and there is a real Full sofa boob tongue
    2. The comment was deleted.
  18. Hauptam
    Hauptam April 1 2016 22: 59
    0
    The characteristics are impressive, and the automation of all processes is also impressive. My last regiment of electronic warfare (N) was dispersed in 1997, this "ugliness" on the ZIL 157 and that showed decent performance. The interference power of 0,5 kW (by mistake) in the town, 8 km away, disabled all TV receivers turned on at that time.
  19. linen
    linen April 3 2016 05: 33
    0
    Really! Why some kind of TENT !? We need more comfortable conditions for personnel of the 21st century in the yard!