Military Review

Armored vehicles of the Patrol program: protected transport for the Ministry of Internal Affairs

35
Currently, several armored car projects are being developed in the interests of the Ministry of the Interior and structures of its composition. Within the framework of the program with the symbol “Patrol”, several armored cars have been created that can be used to transport personnel and cargoes, perform patrols, reconnaissance, etc. In addition, these machines are able to protect them from shelling or from the detonation of mines. Several organizations of the automotive and defense industries were attracted to participate in the program, resulting in the emergence of several options for a promising armored car. Consider the proposed MIA technique.


KAMAZ-43501 / 43502 Patrol

The first models of equipment created under the Patrol program were presented a year and a half ago at the Interpolitex 2014 exhibition. One of the variants of this machine was presented by Asteys CJSC, known for its developments in the field of protection systems and equipment. The specialists of this company took as a basis for their armored car the existing KAMAZ-43501 chassis, on which they mounted the original armored corps and all the necessary additional equipment. The result was the emergence of a new armored car, which was proposed for arming various units of the Ministry of Internal Affairs.


An early version of the armored vehicle KamAZ-43501 Patrol. Photo Bastion-opk.ru


The KAMAZ-43501 “Patrol” armored car is intended to carry up to 10 people or the corresponding cargo on various roads or off-road. The hull design provides protection for the crew and passengers from shelling. When developing the project, designers had to take into account some additional requirements, for example, to reduce the size and weight of the machine. Such requirements, among other things, led to some modifications to the base chassis aimed at reducing its length and height.

Introduced in 2014, the Patrol prototype was based on a modified KAMAZ-43501 chassis. This product has a wheel formula 4х4, and is also equipped with a Cummins ISBe 6.7-250 diesel engine with an HP 261 horsepower associated with a nine-speed ZF9S1310 gearbox. When remaking into a base for an armored car, the chassis retained the dependent suspension on the basis of bridges and semi-elliptical springs.

The KamAZ-43501 “Patrol” armored car received an original armored hull assembly with a total habitable volume that combines the driver’s cab and the troop compartment. Due to the specific layout of the base chassis, the Patrol housing is characterized by a relatively low hood and a relatively high floor of the habitable compartment, which gives the car a distinctive appearance. The body of the armored car is assembled by welding. The basis of this unit are sheets of armor steel A3, having the necessary shapes and sizes. Bulletproof glass is also provided. According to the developer, in the basic configuration, the body of the new armored vehicle complies with the 5 class of domestic protection standards.

The entire crew of the prospective armored car is located in the total habitable volume. The driver and the commander are in front of the hull and have a set of equipment necessary to control the machine. For the landing, nine folding chairs are installed at the sides of the aft hull. The driver and the commander have their own side doors, and in addition, over their places there are hatches in the roof. It was offered to get into the troop compartment through the right side door (behind the commander's door), as well as through the single-door aft. In the roof of the troop compartment also hatched.


The third prototype of "Patrol" from "Asteys". Photo Bastion-opk.ru


The Patrol armored vehicle, introduced in 2014, had no weapons of its own. At the same time, in the windows of the troop compartment were embrasures with movable flaps, designed to use personal weapons the crew. In the future, the machine could get any combat module with the required characteristics.

The first version of the KAMAZ-43501 “Patrol” armored vehicle had the full mass at the level of 12,7 t. Due to the redesign of the base chassis design, the company-developer managed to slightly reduce the overall dimensions of the armored vehicle. In particular, the wheelbase was reduced to 3,67 m, and the floor of the cargo compartment, as stated, received a lower height compared to the base chassis in the original configuration. With the available indicators of mass and engine power, the maximum speed on the highway was set at the level of 100 km / h.

Having a relatively high performance that can provide a solution to the tasks, the first version of the armored vehicle “Patrol” from the company “Asteys” had some problems. One of the main ones was considered the use of imported components, associated with the risk of interruption of supplies for political reasons. Thus, it became necessary to recycle the project using domestic components and assemblies. In addition, during such an upgrade, it was decided to change some features of the armored vehicle.

The updated version of the Patrol armored vehicle was presented at the Army-2015 exhibition, and then at the Interpolitech-2015 showroom. The goals and objectives of the armored car remained the same - transportation and protection of people, patrols, reconnaissance, etc. In order to improve some characteristics and general convenience of operation, noticeable changes were made to the initial project, which reflected both on the internal nodes and on the appearance of the car.


Late prototype of the Patrol. Photo Arms-expo.ru


The largest innovation of the updated project was the used chassis. The updated Patrol is based on the KAMAZ-43502 chassis, which has some differences from the KAMAZ-43501. It was also decided to abandon the imported engine, replacing it with a domestic KamAZ-740.652-260 diesel engine with an 260 horsepower. This made it possible to preserve the main characteristics, but to exclude the influence of foreign supplies.

The overall layout of the body of the KamAZ-43502 “Patrol” armored car remained the same, but the design of this unit was modified. In particular, the basic level of protection has dropped to the 4 class. At the same time, additional booking modules were proposed, with which the protection of the armored car could be brought to the 6А class. Also offers several options for installing doors. On the body can be mounted two, three or four side doors, as well as swing aft. There are hatches in the roof. The configuration of such means for getting inside the machine can be determined by the customer.

Inside the armored hull with a volume of 12 cubic meters, it was possible to place the seats for the 10 paratroopers. If it is necessary to transport any goods into the habitable compartment, a weight of up to 1500 kg can be placed. It is possible to tow a trailer with a full weight up to 5 t. In terms of its dimensions, the armored car does not differ from other vehicles of this class: the length of the 7,15 is m, the width is 2,5 is m and the height is 3,1.

The used powerplant allows the armored car to reach speeds of up to 100 km / h. Power reserve exceeds 1000 km. It is possible to overcome a ford up to 1,75 m in depth, a ditch 0,6 m wide and climb to a wall 0,5 m in height. For additional tasks, the machine is equipped with a hydraulic winch with a force up to 6000 kgf.


KAMAZ-53949 Typhoon / Patrol-A. Photo author


Later, the third version of the armored car Patrol was created, which is a modernized version of the second. It differs in some details that have a significant impact on the survivability of the machine itself and its crew. For example, certain measures were taken to protect the crew from explosive devices. In addition, ergonomics of the armored car has undergone some modifications.

It was reported that in 2015, Asteys built a prototype of an updated armored car and presented it for testing. Over the next few months it was planned to conduct the full range of necessary checks, after which the Ministry of the Interior was to draw conclusions and decide on the future of the proposed equipment. New reports on the progress of the tests have not yet appeared, the decision of the Ministry of Internal Affairs also remains unknown.

KAMAZ-53949 "Patrol-A"

At the end of 2014, information appeared on the possible appearance of an alternative to Asteys armored cars. A few months earlier, the Kama Automobile Plant presented its new armored vehicle, the Kamaz-53949 Typhoon, which was originally intended for the armed forces. At this time, the defense industry faced foreign sanctions and a sharp reduction in the range of available imported components, which could adversely affect the course of several projects.

The design of the Typhoonenok armored car uses a significant number of imported components and assemblies. In particular, it is the foreign engine and transmission that form the basis of its power plant. Bridges and tires were also supplied by foreign companies. In this connection, information appeared in the press about possible problems with the mass production of such equipment and its subsequent operation in the army. The result of such rumors were reports about the possible renaming of the project “Typhoon” in “Patrol-A” and the subsequent proposal of this machine to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Such assumptions have not yet received sufficient confirmation. So, in the autumn of last year, representatives of the company-developer argued that the new armored car should go into series in 2018, despite all the possible problems. In this case, it was really planned to offer the Ministry of Internal Affairs.


Workplace driver "Patrol-A". Photo author


Armored car KAMAZ-53949 "Typhoon" / "Patrol-A" is a protected off-road vehicle, proposed for use in patrolling the area, escorts convoy, reconnaissance and other tasks. The body of the machine is designed to protect the crew from firing of small arms and explosive devices.

The KAMAZ-53949 armored vehicle is completed with a Cummins 6ISBe 350 diesel engine with HP power 350. and an Allison automatic six-speed hydromechanical transmission. It should be noted that these particular features of the project are considered to be the main disadvantage and can represent a certain risk in the current international situation. The chassis of the car is built on the basis of axles with hydropneumatic suspension.

“Typhoon” / “Patrol-A” received a bonnet body with a single habitable volume. The body is welded and equipped with a combined protection consisting of metal and ceramic elements. Such armor corresponds to 3 level of the standard STANAG-4569 and allows you to protect the crew from armor-piercing rifle bullets. The hull is also equipped with anti-mine protection corresponding to 3a and 3b levels - blasting up to 8 kg of TNT under the wheel or under the bottom. The body is equipped with bulletproof glass, providing a good overview and protecting the crew from shelling. Embrasures in doors or windows are not provided.

10 seats, including the driver's seat, are installed inside the habitable housing compartment. There are four seats, mounted forward in the direction of travel, as well as six, installed at the sides in the rear of the hull. In connection with the need to protect the crew from the effects of the energy of explosions, special “anti-mine” chairs with appropriate safety belts are used. For landing in the car is proposed to use four side and one stern door. Also in the roof of the hull there are several hatches.


Troop compartment. Photo author


With a total mass at the level of 14 T, the KAMAZ-53949 armored car can transport up to 2 T of cargo. In this case, the machine is able to accelerate to 105 km / h and overcome various obstacles. The dimensions of the armored car correspond to the size of other vehicles of a similar class. The length of the order of 6,5 m, width about 2,5 m, height - less than 2,7 m.

The first sample of the KamAZ-53949 armored car was demonstrated back in the 2013 year. In the future, this technique was shown several times at various exhibitions of weapons and military equipment. According to the latest data, the armored car passes the necessary tests, the results of which can be put into service and put into series. Release of the first production machines of this type is planned in the 2018 year.

At the end of 2014, it was reported that because of the widespread use of imported components, the Typhoon armored car might not get into the Russian armed forces. In this regard, there was unconfirmed information about the possible offer of such equipment to the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Among other things, it was reported that the armored car had already been presented to the commander-in-chief of the internal troops. However, further detailed news about the project “Typhoon” / “Patrol-A” have not been received. As before, the main reports about this car concern construction in the interests of the armed forces.


On the materials of the sites:
http://militaryparitet.com/
http://vz.ru/
http://vpk.name/
http://nevskii-bastion.ru/
http://arms-expo.ru/

Photo review of one of the latest versions of "Patrol" from "Asteys":
http://arms-expo.ru/photo/fotoreportazh/kamaz-53949-patrul-a-/

Photo review of the Typhoonenok / Patrol-A armored car:
http://topwar.ru/83845-den-innovaciy-yuvo-broneavtomobil-tayfunenok.html
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  1. Taygerus
    Taygerus 25 February 2016 07: 31
    13
    everything is so good and okay,

    "KamAZ-53949 is equipped with a 6 hp Cummins 350ISBe 350 diesel engine and an Allison automatic six-speed hydromechanical gearbox."

    but I think the engine and gearbox should be domestic, where is import substitution, we have no engines? It should be its own, dear, and if tomorrow is a war, where are we going to get spare parts? soldier
    1. Vvp
      Vvp 25 February 2016 14: 31
      +1
      I completely agree! It is also necessary to consider that you need to wait at least 6 months to get the first batch of engines after ordering. For the first sample / prototype, Cummins can also be shoved. For further conveyor assembly, of course, we need engines of our production.
      1. Bayonet
        Bayonet 26 February 2016 19: 09
        0
        Quote: VVP
        . For further conveyor assembly, of course, we need engines of our production.

        I wonder how many they plan to release? It seems to me - "assembly line", this is a little loud. It is possible to produce with imported power units if they are better and more durable, but with the possibility of replacing them with domestic ones. Once in any normal garage they could easily put a YaMZ-236 diesel engine on the Ural, instead of the native gasoline ZIL-375.
    2. otto meer
      otto meer 25 February 2016 14: 51
      +6
      Quote: Taygerus
      where is the import substitution, we have that there are no engines?
      There are no good ones. And there are no boxes. And razdatok and bridges and steering cars - nothing!
      Quote: Taygerus
      It should be its own, dear, and if tomorrow is a war, where are we going to get spare parts?
      At the very head hair is moving! We cannot even assemble from imported spare parts. And if, on the basis of its components, then in general - darkness! It feels like they are gathering by feet, to the touch. It's bitter crying
    3. Civil
      Civil 25 February 2016 17: 00
      +1
      And why the Ministry of Internal Affairs this car? For war there is an army, for WHO there are Tigers and armored personnel carriers, against whom?
      1. Falcon
        Falcon 25 February 2016 22: 22
        0
        Quote: Civil
        And why the Ministry of Internal Affairs this car? For war there is an army, for WHO there are Tigers and armored personnel carriers, against whom?


        In Chechnya, Dagestan, just the Ministry of Internal Affairs participated and is participating. Or do you think everything is already overgrown with grass ...

        Dozens have been driven there by the Federal-M and Ural-VV
      2. cast iron
        cast iron 25 February 2016 22: 24
        +2
        And for whom is the internal troops in the structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs? Read why they were created and what their numbers and composition are. Unless there are no rockets, ships or planes.
  2. tchoni
    tchoni 25 February 2016 08: 16
    10
    It is not entirely clear why the Ministry of Internal Affairs did not arrange the "tiger" as a patrol car? Why did it become necessary to supplement it with a middle-class armored car? It would be nice to cover these issues in an article.
    1. nazar_0753
      nazar_0753 25 February 2016 09: 12
      0
      Apparently, this is a car for situations in which the reservation and / or capacity of the “Tiger” is not enough, and there is no need to drive an armored personnel carrier
      1. tchoni
        tchoni 25 February 2016 09: 52
        0
        Explain what kind of situation? -)
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 25 February 2016 12: 16
          0
          For example, command and staff vehicles. To ram everything into "Tiger", to put it mildly, is inappropriate.
          1. tchoni
            tchoni 25 February 2016 21: 35
            0
            There is already a base at the base of the tiger. People praise! -)
            And, for that matter, then a typhoon must be fitted with a full-fledged typhoon, which is full-weighted, not medium-tonnage. And more space and better protection.
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 25 February 2016 09: 16
      +1
      The Tiger lacks mine protection.
      1. tchoni
        tchoni 25 February 2016 09: 52
        +1
        There are options for a tiger of six and three kilos.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 25 February 2016 12: 05
          +4
          These "options" are only in promises. In practice, there are no such machines.

          Moreover, there is a rather funny situation. Developers of a completely private "military-industrial complex" constantly turn to the state with a demand for "give money." Moreover, judging by the absence of Tiger-6A and "Wolf" ready for the state emergency, for the development of which the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Defense, respectively, paid, they spend this money not on whatman paper for drawing boards, but on the purchase of journalists for companies in the media.

          But practically the state-owned KamAZ is developing armored cars for its money on an initiative basis.
          As well as, for example, the completely private Corporation Zashchita, according to which the journalists bought by Deripaska's managers have also tried to stomp around.
          1. Ze Kot
            Ze Kot 25 February 2016 15: 27
            +1
            Quote: Spade
            But almost the state KamAZ


            "
            49,9% of the shares are owned by Rostec;
            23,54% controls Avtoinvest Limited / Autoinvest Limited;
            15% owned by Daimler.

            Some members of the Board of Directors of KAMAZ PTC elected at the annual General Meeting of Shareholders on June 26, 2015:

            Head of Truck Platform Management, Quality Management and Sales of Engines and Components for Trucks, Daimler AG, Wolfram Schmid,
            Member of the Committee of the Board of Directors of KAMAZ PTC for Budget and Audit, Gerald Jank. "
      2. cast iron
        cast iron 25 February 2016 22: 25
        0
        And often do police need Mrap?
        1. corporal
          corporal 25 February 2016 23: 59
          0
          Quote: cast iron
          And often do police need Mrap?

          Who is in the zone? Constantly.
    3. Sargord A.
      Sargord A. 25 February 2016 09: 46
      0
      I believe that passenger capacity.
      1. tchoni
        tchoni 25 February 2016 09: 53
        0
        She's almost the same. standard 10-8 people.
    4. avt
      avt 25 February 2016 09: 53
      +3
      Quote: tchoni
      Why did it become necessary to supplement it with a middle class armored car?

      Squeeze the theme of the bonnet from the Ural.
  3. Dimon-chik-79
    Dimon-chik-79 25 February 2016 10: 36
    +1
    Quote: tchoni
    It is not entirely clear why the Ministry of Internal Affairs did not arrange the "tiger" as a patrol car? Why did it become necessary to supplement it with a middle-class armored car? It would be nice to cover these issues in an article.

    Fair enough! Moreover, the fleet of "armored cars" in Russia is becoming very motley. Expensive and is there any sense in this diversity ?! Well, if you are not satisfied with the level of mine protection of the "Tiger", then why is it needed in general ?! Then it is necessary to design and manufacture a car with suitable characteristics and completely "import substituted".
  4. marshes
    marshes 25 February 2016 11: 01
    +3
    Patrol and Marader have something in common, like all MARPs. Moreover, Kazakhstan Arlan, according to the plan, an engine from KAMAZ should be installed.
    "KamAZ-53949 is equipped with a 6 hp Cummins 350ISBe 350 diesel engine and an Allison automatic six-speed hydromechanical gearbox."

    The car for the Ministry of Internal Affairs is designed, maybe you will buy Arlans from us. smile
    1. avt
      avt 25 February 2016 11: 14
      +2
      Quote: marshes
      The car for the Ministry of Internal Affairs is designed, maybe you will buy Arlans from us.

      Well, it’s vryatli, the point is not even how much Kazakhstan localized production at home and
      Quote: marshes
      a, according to the plan, an engine from KAMAZ should be installed.

      There is such a moment - there is not enough money and for every penny, let alone a ruble, they will fight from the budget line of the Russian Federation. This earlier, too, the FSB planned for themselves French armored cars, and now the fight is tougher. Again, its own line, which no one, but the same "Typhoon" in the class of "Maradera". Now, if the production in Kazakhstan would have turned around earlier, then there would have been no chance, well, instead of "Lynx" IVECO, especially if a pile bills under the Stool would be undergone, or what kind of straps Vasilyeva would send. wassat And for Kazakhstan "Marauder" the choice is good and if you can establish production with a good criterion of cost - efficiency, then in the region you will be able to steer with such a machine and the competitor will be strong.
      1. marshes
        marshes 25 February 2016 11: 20
        +1
        Quote: avt
        There is such a moment - money has become scarce and for every penny, not like the ruble, they will fight from the budget line of the Russian Federation.

        Yes, I noticed that something is wrong with you, here for eco-damage from the fall of the proton, the Russian Federation pays, with equipment, consumer goods and services.
        1. avt
          avt 25 February 2016 11: 28
          +4
          Quote: marshes
          Yes, I noticed that something is wrong with you

          Well, since 1991, in the economy, in accordance with the precepts of the Gaidarov Witnesses sect, with finances in Russia, the obvious is incredible. wassat Huge corporate debts and the impossibility of refinancing in foreign currency to business people, from here the ruble leaps to the due date of loan repayment - they pay it in foreign currency, and so they buy rubles in the Central Bank. But in all fairness, Gerashchenko does not reach the "swing" and "Black Tuesday". And at the same time, there is money ..... THERE IS! They stand idle for many in the hope of the announced privatization! Well, no one is in a hurry to invest in what is and are waiting for when it will be possible to snatch sweets from state property. And in such situations, well, when the same oil industry does not give 300% of profit as according to Marx, then the best option is to be a budget oligarch. The guarantee of profit is the same 300%. And the budget, again, does not grow and it began to be no longer just push asses, and teeth to grab each other.
          1. marshes
            marshes 25 February 2016 11: 33
            +1
            Quote: avt
            But in all fairness, Gerashchenko does not reach the "swing" and "Black Tuesday".

            Well, not 98 years old, the population in a homonous for a rainy day has at least some means that are hidden, as we survive.
            1. avt
              avt 25 February 2016 11: 39
              +1
              Quote: marshes
              Well, not 98 years old, the population in a homonous for a rainy day has at least some means that are hidden, as we survive.

              Well, if we survived the 90s ... By the way - with all the price increases, all the same, businessmen - realtors have been pressed down, there really are no such leaps as in the 90s, the same cheap potatoes in Atak / Auchan for 12 rubles per kilogram does not come out. what would be the will to squeeze the "Gaidarovs' Witnesses" waiting for the coming of the "holy Investment" and expropriation is not necessary - we will exhale.
              1. marshes
                marshes 25 February 2016 11: 54
                +1
                Quote: avt
                So there would be a will to squeeze the Gaidarovs' Witnesses "awaiting the coming of the holy Investment" and expropriation is not necessary - we will exhale

                I don’t think that after the recent events, with a possible change in the system, foreigners will massively invest in the Russian economy, they’ll try to beat them. So hold on, count on your strength. But we don’t need a "fragmented" neighbor. And within the EAEU, do not "pull the odialo" on yourself, otherwise this organization will not last long.
                So it’s necessary, as in a traffic jam, they will squeeze neatly laughing to be the first at a traffic light.
                German car, it’s hard to break away from a place, if not a BMW, but it does not hold the track badly and there is an opportunity to rebuild at speed.
                Japanese cars vomit from the spot, but at speeds there is not enough power.
                So allegorical, but something average is needed. Here are grant grants, smart but France there. laughing And the French have the French, the European .... they and the Maidan had a king of Bosco from elite. laughing
  5. a-cola
    a-cola 25 February 2016 13: 49
    0
    It feels like some of the photos captured the product of the Ukrainian military-industrial complex. You need to be more careful, comrades!)
  6. Olegmog
    Olegmog 25 February 2016 15: 32
    +2
    The tiger has outlived its own! Additional booking is not much hung,
    low load limit. Yet again
    counterintelligence ...! And here is a full-fledged MPI. America refused
    from the hamer, and there he is dear. It is sad that while we are
    sorting through all these armored cars, full deliveries to
    the army never begins ..... !!!
  7. oldkap22
    oldkap22 29 February 2016 12: 31
    0
    The technical policy of the law enforcement agencies is not clear ....! produce some kind of "full-time versions". for MO- "TAIFUN-U" - "Typhoon-K" ("Typhoon") "Tiger" (and where is "Tiger"?) + separate chassis for the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and for them their own repair kits .gsm. its own schools for training specialists .... where is unification where is standardization .... the same with vehicles .... Choose ONE (but normal) Chassis and rivet for everyone by changing special equipment ....
    1. wanderer_032
      wanderer_032 9 March 2016 19: 44
      0
      Quote: oldkap22
      .Select ONE (but normal) Chassis and rivet for all changing special equipment ....


      It will not be possible to produce one in order for the State Defense Order program to be completed on time and to saturate the armed forces with modern automotive technology, according to regular needs. That is why on KAMAZ and URALAZ KB and plow in full growth. In order to deploy mass production as soon as possible and finally to start supplying equipment to the troops. And then we will go on the Soviet KAMAZ and URALs.
  8. Div Divich
    Div Divich April 21 2016 20: 31
    +1
    Use one chassis for all cases will not work. So you have to carry people on a truck tractor ...
    You need a few basic chassis, and on their basis already make cars for certain needs.
    Manufacturers of the main chassis, let them be different, let one office deal with one type of car, another with another.

    At the expense of repairing the main chassis - it is necessary to organize service centers with mobile teams so that they accept the order and arrive with the necessary parts, and that the specialists carry out repairs at the location of the vehicle.
    New machines are more complicated than old ones, but also more functional, you don’t have to give up all new technologies, you just need to increase their reliability and replace frequently breaking parts with more reliable ones.

    For example, the pilots of the aircraft do not know how to disassemble and assemble the aircraft, but they fly normally, and the drivers, minor repairs on them, and large should be done by specialists. If you didn’t provide the army with equipment repair specialists, the equipment will become stupor and the war will be lost.
    And so we will refuse everything new, instead of a computer - wooden accounts, instead of radio communications - horse riders, instead of a machine gun - a sword and a shield ...
  9. Div Divich
    Div Divich April 21 2016 20: 59
    +1
    Federal-M and Ural-VV are just Urals with an armored car, cheap modernization of Soviet trucks.

    Typhoons are more protected cars, for example, there is protection against mines (bottom, seats scattering a blast wave, height), air purification in case of an attack with tear gas or other substances, a video camera in case of cracked windows.