Military Review

Roland Armored Carrier Company General Dynamics European Land Systems-MOWAG

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Roland Armored Carrier Company General Dynamics European Land Systems-MOWAG

Armored troop carrier of the mexican army


The Roland 4x4 armored vehicle was developed on its own initiative by MOWAG in the early 60s of the last century and was offered on the market for a wide range of tasks, including the sanitary version, armored personnel carrier, communications and command vehicle, internal troops and reconnaissance version.

Roland prototypes were manufactured in the 1963 year, and mass production began in the 1964 year.

The most widely used is the intelligence version of the internal security forces, especially in Africa and South America. The crew of this vehicle, as a rule, consists of a commander, a gunner and three or four infantrymen.

Production of armored vehicles MOWAG Roland ended in 1980, and the company no longer offers it on the market. MOWAG still continues to supply spare parts and provide after-sales support, including other machines that the company is no longer mass-produced. As far as is known, none of the remaining MOWAG Roland operators carried out major upgrades to these machines.

In 2010, the company changed its name to General Dynamics European Land Systems - MOWAG (GDELS - MOWAG). The company is currently focused on marketing the multipurpose Piranha III and Piranha Class 5 armored vehicles, the DURO family of protected tactical vehicles and the Eagle 4xXNNXX and 4X6 armored vehicles family, which began production in 6 year. For example, the Piranha 2010 (or Class 5) recently ordered Denmark in the number of 5 units.


British Roland Greek Police

The body of the machine Roland all-welded, made of armor steel, protects the crew from small-arms fire weapons 7,62 caliber mm and shell splinters. The driver is located in front of the case on the left, has a one-piece hatch that opens to the right, three day periscopes are installed in front of the hatch. The average periscope can be replaced by a passive, non-illuminated periscope for driving at night. In case of rainy weather, a driver with a glass and a wiper can be installed in front of the driver. To the left of the driver is a single viewing device protected by a grille.

On each side of the hull, behind the driver’s seat, there is a hinged door that opens upwards. The left door has a viewing device protected by a grille, at the bottom there is an embrasure for firing. A viewing device and an embrasure are immediately behind the right side door.


Roland btr armed with a remote-controlled 7,62-mm machine gun on the turret

The shooter sits on an adjustable seat in the center of the car, to his left a paratrooper sits facing forward, and to the right another one sits facing backwards. Above the position of the arrow is a tower that rotates manually on 360 °. It has a one-piece hatch that opens backward, in front of it is a viewing device, to the right of which there is a small hatch opening to the right. Behind the tower on the starboard side there is a round hatch opening back; a fan is installed on its left.

Another door opening to the right is located to the right in the stern of the machine, it has a viewing device and an embrasure. Two people sit in the aisle that connects the main habitable compartment and the aft door, one facing forward and the other facing backwards.

The power unit is installed in the rear part of the housing on the left side, it is separated from the habitable compartment by a refractory partition. The front and rear wheel suspension is a combination of semi-elliptical springs and hydraulic shock absorbers. Non-sheave bridges have hypoid final drives and self-locking differentials. Later MOWAG Roland serial models had a slightly longer wheelbase and were equipped with an automatic transmission, rather than a manual one.

The transmission has three gears forward and one back, it is connected to a two-stage transfer case. The standard equipment of the internal security variant of the original MOWAG armored vehicle includes blue flashing lights, an electric fan on the roof, a heater, a two-tone pulsed siren and a wire mesh to protect the headlights.

The base machine can be equipped with various types of light weapons, including a remotely controlled machine gun installation caliber 7,62 mm developed by MOWAG on the roof of a low-profile turret. For firing a machine gun, the shooter has a day sight with an increase of x4. If necessary, it was possible to install groups of smoke grenade launchers with electrosis.

Optional equipment included air conditioning; passive night vision equipment; front-mounted blade for clearing obstacles; spotlights; fire embrasures for firing from the car; and wheels developed by MOWAG with metal discs on each side of the wheel. They support the wheel when it is punctured, and also provide additional traction when driving over rough terrain.

options
Specialized variants of the MOWAG Roland armored vehicle do not exist, since the basic version was designed to perform various tasks.

Characteristics of a Roland armored personnel carrier armed with a remote-controlled 7,62-mm machine gun
Crew: 3 + 3
Length Overall: 4,44 M
Width, overall: 2,01 m
Roof height: 1,62 m
Ground clearance: 0,4 m
Track
front xnumx m
back: 1,655 m
Wheelbase 2,5 m
Weight
standard: 3900 kg
combat: 4700 kg
Configuration: wheel, 4x4
Power density: 42,9 hp / t
Maximum speed: 110 km / h
Cruising range: 550 km
Fuel consumption on the highway: l / km 0,28
Fuel tank capacity: 154 liters
Water barrier without preparation: 1 m
Entry angle: 40 °
Departure angle: 36 °
Rise: 60%
Side slope: 30%
Wall: 0,4 m
Turning radius: 6,45 m
Engine V-8, liquid cooling, petrol, hp 202 at 3900 rpm
Transmission: Manual
Front gears: 4
Reverse gears: 1
Transfer box: two-stage
Clutch: friction, single-plate dry clutch
Тормоза
basic: hydraulic on all wheels
parking: mechanical on the rear wheels
Wheels: 9.00x16
Suspension: semi-elliptical springs and hydraulic shock absorbers
Electrical system: 12 volts
Batteries: 1 x 12 Volts, 125 Ah
Armament: 7,62-mm machine gun mounted on the roof
Stabilization of weapons: no
Night vision equipment: optional
The system of protection against weapons of mass destruction: no
Protection: armor steel

Is in service with the following countries
Country, Quantity, Comment
Bolivia, 24, army
Chile, 25, carabinieri
Chile, 25, Marines
Ghana, 40, army
Greece, 20, police
Liberia, 8, unknown
Mexico, 25, Some installations of unguided ground-to-ground missiles were installed.
Peru, 90-100, police
Note: Argentina also operates Roland Grenadier. Approximately 60 machines in the army and six in the Marine Corps. Delivered in 1967-1968 years. In the 80's, the car was upgraded, a new diesel engine, transmission, electrical system and turret with an 90-mm gun were installed.


Argentine version of Roland Grenadier


Chilean Carabinieri Machine


Mexican version with rocket launchers



Driver's seat



Roland armored personnel carrier: bottom view








Materials used:
www.gdels.com
www.army-guide.com
www.cars-pics-db.com
www.tanks-encyclopedia.com
www.globalsecurity.org
www.wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org
Author:
14 comments
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  1. denvar555
    denvar555 26 February 2016 07: 02
    +2
    Something our BA-64 recalls. And so the car is about nothing, only for the police, although with such visibility in the city you don’t especially take a seat. The tiger is better and more modern.
  2. tchoni
    tchoni 26 February 2016 07: 03
    +6
    I don’t know, maybe the Mexican “Pedro” is just right, but in my opinion - a bit tight. I would classify it as "armored car". And, in general, the article is very serious. They rarely write about a rare technique (I beg your pardon for the tautology :-)
  3. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 26 February 2016 07: 55
    +4
    the average machine - our analogue of the BRDM will be more interesting .....
  4. Pig
    Pig 26 February 2016 08: 07
    0
    it’s so drug dealers to drive ...
    1. cth; fyn
      cth; fyn 26 February 2016 10: 58
      +4
      You don’t drive on this, drug dealers will drive you on this
    2. PSih2097
      PSih2097 26 February 2016 18: 07
      +1
      Quote: Pig
      it’s so drug dealers to drive ...

      just stick around to them, you can grab a moment from an RPG, or even from a more serious type of javelin or tou ...
  5. geek2101
    geek2101 26 February 2016 08: 49
    +1
    A bucket of some kind ... lol
    Mine Protection - 0.
    1. Falcon
      Falcon 26 February 2016 09: 38
      +3
      Quote: geek2101
      A bucket of some kind ... lol
      Mine Protection - 0.


      In those years, she was nowhere to be found. Now it’s not everywhere.

      And so yes, a creepy freak laughing
  6. otto meer
    otto meer 26 February 2016 10: 21
    +1
    Discount on the age and police focus of this unit smile For its time, it is not a bad option. A kind of strong middling. Who was better? Here is for comparison.
  7. Navy7981
    Navy7981 26 February 2016 11: 06
    +2
    Like a sick BRDM2 similar. smile
  8. Bongo
    Bongo 26 February 2016 13: 38
    +5
    Dear author, why did you decide that this large-caliber 12,7 mm Browning M2 machine gun on an armored personnel carrier is remotely controlled? what
  9. otto meer
    otto meer 26 February 2016 15: 26
    +3
    Here's what I spotted. In the article
    Continuous axles have hypoid main gears and limited slip differentials.
    and judging by this photo. These bridges (judging by the diff cover) are DANA 60, 10-bolt, not very good by themselves. And from this it follows that the self-blocking there is Gov Lock. Which is the worst, Americans call him "bamb" because under a sharp load it tends to "explode" the small gear.
    PS: so for the overall development.
    1. wanderer_032
      wanderer_032 26 February 2016 18: 20
      0
      Quote: otto meer
      These bridges (judging by the cover of the differential) are DANA 60, 10-bolted, not so much by itself.

      Bridges of the "Spicer" type have an eternal disease - oil leakage from under the crankcase covers. I have the same ones on my working loaf, only smaller in size and there is no "self-block" there.
    2. Siberia 9444
      Siberia 9444 27 February 2016 09: 40
      0
      From the engine to the gearbox, the torque is transmitted by the cardan. Not very reliable, either the slots are checked or the cross will fly apart and all the armor plates will rise.