Military Review

Special diving equipment "Amphora"

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In December 2014, the Ministry of Defense purchased 76 sets of new Amphora special diving equipment (SHS) with a closed breathing system. The state spent 123,1 million rubles or 1,6 million rubles for each set to purchase these sets. This equipment entered service with submarine special forces. In particular, it was received by the fighters of the detachment of anti-submarine sabotage forces and assets (PDSS) of the Caspian flotilla.


A set of SVS provides combat swimmers with a covert movement under water and contributes to the implementation of various diving activities aimed at protecting naval facilities, various hydraulic structures, covertly carrying out underwater engineering work, including an anti-sabotage character. The total weight of the entire kit is 50 kg. Its highlight is the isolating breathing apparatus "Amphora". Due to the presence of this equipment, the swimmer under the water during expiration does not release air bubbles, and therefore can move secretly. In addition, the kit includes a bulletproof vest.

The PDDS detachment of the Caspian Flotilla specializes in the search and liquidation of saboteurs, and, if necessary, is able to conduct any sabotage either on the front line or in the rear of the enemy. Due to the universal training, the men of the underwater special forces can act equally well both in water and on land. A detachment of PDDS of the Caspian Flotilla has repeatedly proved its professionalism by guarding Russian warships in the Caspian waters. They also ensured the security of the summit of the heads of the Caspian states.

Special diving equipment "Amphora"


Equipment units of underwater saboteurs reliable, effective, and most importantly modern equipment is a priority, as the fighters of such units are designed to solve the tasks of extreme importance. Successful activity of underwater saboteurs can help ensure superiority at sea not as a result of fleets and artillery duels with unpredictable results, but at the expense of two or three successful sabotage at ports, on dams, bridges, power plants or other strategic enemy targets. Moreover, underwater swimmers often have to act in three environments at once - in the water, on land, and even in the air, landing from the helicopter or plane.

The Amphora kit should include a closed breathing system that prevents the release of gas bubbles when breathing underwater, a black wetsuit that allows the swimmer to work at depths up to 40 meters at temperatures from zero to + 36 degrees Celsius, compass, knife, flippers, lantern and special underwater acoustic communication system. In addition, the body armor can also be included in the Amphora kit. The total weight of the equipment kit is approximately 50 kilograms, including the 22-kilogram isolating breathing apparatus. The body armor "Korsar-B", which is part of the diving equipment, corresponds to the fourth class of protection, reports RIA News. He can protect a combat swimmer from a shot from an APS underwater submachine gun or a SPP-1 pistol, as well as from an ordinary Kalashnikov assault rifle. The supply of respiratory systems "Amfora" is engaged in the company "Tethys Pro" from St. Petersburg.

It is worth noting that, until recently, breathing apparatus was still actively used, in which the carbon dioxide released during the swimmer’s breathing was absorbed by a special chemical composition, then in the breathing bag it was enriched with oxygen and inhaled. Such devices had a number of drawbacks: the difficulty of checking before making a dive with the help of special equipment, as well as the use of the dangerous substance “ozone” as a source of oxygen. In this regard, there was a need to develop a set of SVS, which would combine all the previous achievements of science and technology in diving, as well as completely new solutions to significantly improve the technical and operational characteristics of the apparatus, simplifying their maintenance and use of combat swimmers and divers.



In 2009, Tetis Pro specialists, on their own initiative, created a prototype of a set of special diving equipment, complete with an apparatus of closed / semi-closed breathing cycles called “Amphora”. This kit is designed for covert movement of underwater swimmers at depths up to 40 meters, including in cold water. The Amphora SVS kit includes in its structure only modern developments in the field of conducting “underwater war” of both Russian and foreign manufacture. It was intended to replace the physically and morally outdated equipment with the IDA-71U closed-cycle apparatus, which until now was used in the Russian navy. The assigned lifetime of the Amphora SVS is 7 years, of which 5 is years of operation and 2 is stored. The assigned system resource is 500 hours.

The Amphora isolating breathing apparatus operates according to the principle of supplying a swimmer with compressed oxygen or an oxygen-nitrogen mixture (CAM), which respectively circulate through the closed / semi-closed absorption cycle of the apparatus-lungs system. The presence of the gas mixture switch allows the combat swimmer to switch Amphora from a closed-circuit breathing (100% oxygen) to a half-closed breathing circuit (to 40% UAN) depending on the depth of immersion, and the operating mode can be switched on the surface as well and under water. In this case, the switch was equipped with a safety valve to eliminate the possibility of unauthorized switching. The existing valve for adjusting the oxygen supply, which is located on the second stage regulator, allows the swimmer to change the flow depending on the level of physical activity in the range from free flow to maximum resistance, without shutting off the oxygen supply completely. The device itself is compact enough, the color is black. It is located on the chest of a diver or a combat swimmer with the help of a special suspension system.

A cylinder filled with an oxygen-nitrogen mixture has 3 attachment options: on the front of the device, on the back or on the leg of a combat swimmer. "Amphora" is a fully mechanical apparatus, which has a rigid body that protects its main components from various damage. The device does not require special tools for maintenance and is designed for intensive use. When the apparatus is functioning according to a semi-closed breathing pattern, the respiratory gas mixture (DHS) is supplied continuously using a calibrated nozzle. In this case, the excess gas mixture using a pickling valve, which is located in the upper part of the apparatus, is easily removed from the breathing circuit.



The first stage of state testing of the Amphora SVS was carried out at the experimental research base of the 40-th Research Institute of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation in February-March of the 2009. At this stage, combat swimmers and divers were trained in a new type of equipment for them, offsets were taken and access to independent operation and maintenance of equipment was carried out. Then, testing and testing of all equipment sets in the 15-meter tower of the training complex, 25-meter training pool and in the pressure chamber with increasing pressure to a depth of 40 meters were carried out. Working out the set of equipment "Amphora" was held in the normal mode. In addition, at the first stage of testing, we tested a suspension system with a positive-buoyancy body armor, hydroacoustic coupling and a means of underwater movement of a swimmer under water. Participants of the state tests made a number of recommendations: on a diving knife, on a suspension system, on the place of valve installation on a diving suit, etc. The comments received by the developers were eliminated during the preparation for the second phase of testing.

The second stage of state testing took place in the cold waters of the Barents Sea in October-November 2009. The descents of divers were carried out at depths up to 40 meters in conditions that were as close as possible to the combat. During the second stage of the test, the weather did not contribute to the comfortable work of the divers: the water temperature dropped to 0 ° C to form ice and air to –10 ° C, while visibility under water did not exceed 15 meters. Despite the weather conditions, test divers and commission members all worked out all the points of the state test program. The findings of the state commission on the results of the test set of equipment confirmed its operational and tactical and technical characteristics. According to the results of state tests of the Amphora SVS kit conducted in 2009, it was decided to accept this equipment for trial operation.



Amphora’s special diving equipment provides a combat swimmer:
- livelihoods in solving special problems, including in emergency mode;
- secretive underwater movement at depths up to 40 meters;
- breathing from the onboard system of underwater means of motion;
- retention at a given depth of immersion by means of buoyancy regulation;
- sonar connection with other swimmers;
- underwater navigation.

Equipment continues to function under the following conditions:
- impact of sea water with salinity up to 35 ‰ at its temperature from -2 ° С to + 30 ° С within the period of full autonomy;
- vibration in the frequency range from 20 Hz to 60 Hz, with acceleration 2g for 30 minutes;
- exposure to ambient air from -20 ° С to + 40 ° С for at least 10 minutes;
- if the breathing bag is ruptured or the pulmonary machine is damaged, the supply of oxygen or CAM to the inhalation hose continues.

Isolating breathing apparatus "Amphora", technical characteristics:
The operating time is at least 4 hours at a depth of 10 meters (when breathing oxygen), at least 0,5 hours at a depth of 40 meters (breathing 40% CAS).
Oxygen tank capacity - l. 2,1.
Cylinder capacity with DGS (CAS) - 1,5 l.
Capacity of the cartridge with the absorption substance - 2,5 kg.
Curb weight - 22 kg.
Overall dimensions (LxWxH) - 480x300x190 mm.

Information sources:
http://vpk.name/news/90923_minoboronyi_zakupaet_bronirovannyie_vodolaznyie_kostyumyi.html
http://neptunworld.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/102_103_Amfora+.pdf
http://nevskii-bastion.ru/amphora
http://dfnc.ru/c137-2010-3-10/amfora-spetsialnoe-vodolaznoe-snaryazhenie-proshlo-uspeshnye-gosudarstvennye-ispytaniya
http://www.tetis-pro.ru/catalog/amfora-izoliruyushchiy-dykhatelnyy-apparat-
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  1. aszzz888
    aszzz888 20 February 2016 06: 36 New
    +1
    Began replacing "Dashek". This is very good, and it is high time.
    1. Alex_Rarog
      Alex_Rarog 20 February 2016 08: 01 New
      0
      Yes, without modern equipment it is difficult to perform modern tasks!
      1. Starover_Z
        Starover_Z 20 February 2016 13: 00 New
        0
        Quote: Alex_Rarog
        Yes, without modern equipment it is difficult to perform modern tasks!


        Yes, if such guys go ashore in New York, near the UN headquarters, the natives will definitely run away!
        1. denis02135
          denis02135 21 February 2016 04: 36 New
          0
          Dear Starover_Z

          The guys went to the UN and they went in flippers on Broadway. smile
          So, what is next?
    2. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 24 February 2016 21: 40 New
      0
      Quote: aszzz888
      Began replacing "Dashek". This is very good, and it is high time.

      With a price of "1,6 million rubles for each set," I strongly doubt that they will be purchased in sufficient quantities.
  2. Tatar 174
    Tatar 174 20 February 2016 06: 45 New
    +2
    It remains only to develop and install artificial gills instead of a cylinder, for some reason it is believed that it will be so. Well done, our scientists and designers, but I’m generally silent about our soldiers))) Why scare enemies ahead of time, it will be a surprise to them at the right time)))
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 24 February 2016 21: 44 New
      0
      Quote: Tatar 174
      It remains only to develop artificial gills ...

      Yes, sort of, they’ve already come up with
      http://ruskransnab.ru/dyhatelniy-apparat-triton
  3. starper
    starper 20 February 2016 08: 01 New
    -2
    Uh, lope, lope? 1 rubles per set? Chubais is resting .....
    1. tchoni
      tchoni 20 February 2016 08: 20 New
      +4
      Nothing rests. A simple diver for an amateur diver - you can’t keep up with a hundred ..
      1. Ingvar 72
        Ingvar 72 20 February 2016 08: 42 New
        11
        Quote: tchoni
        A simple diver for an amateur diver - you can’t keep up with a hundred ..

        This is Italian equipment. Here everything is ours. But 1.6 million is borsch!
        Overpricing trends for the MO are traced everywhere, drones, laptops, thermal imagers. I'm not talking about the need to buy imported (at a cheaper price!), We need to buy ours. But appetites of our grabbers need to be restrained, and legislatively. At least in the field of public procurement. hi
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 20 February 2016 09: 41 New
          +4
          And often the kit for divers includes body armor 4 protection classes and an acoustic communication system?
          1. Mera joota
            Mera joota 20 February 2016 09: 49 New
            -1
            Quote: Spade
            And often the kit for divers includes body armor 4 protection classes and an acoustic communication system?

            Body armor of course not, but there is a connection.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 20 February 2016 10: 13 New
              0
              Army-style closed jamming communications?
        2. Nikolay K
          Nikolay K 20 February 2016 09: 41 New
          +4
          For an acceptable price, you need to purchase non-funny 76 kits
          1. Mera joota
            Mera joota 20 February 2016 09: 53 New
            +1
            Quote: Nikolai K
            For an acceptable price, you need to purchase non-funny 76 kits

            and buy directly from the manufacturer.
        3. da Vinci
          da Vinci 20 February 2016 11: 28 New
          +2
          If the equipment is manufactured at a state-owned enterprise, there are many organizations to determine the cost, if the cost is high, drive management, if not efficient, transfer the order to another ... But this requires an honest customer (MO). hi
          1. denis02135
            denis02135 21 February 2016 04: 54 New
            0
            Dear da Vinci

            If the production is small-scale, then the cost will be huge. You can reduce the price in a large series, but why is it needed and if it's secret then the FSB will not pat on the head.
        4. tchoni
          tchoni 20 February 2016 13: 36 New
          0
          Well, how can I tell you ... Do not forget that here the amount includes the cost of research on SPECIAL equipment. The same communication system, I think, is a little different from the civilian version ...
        5. tchoni
          tchoni 20 February 2016 13: 47 New
          0
          In addition, a hundred are a wetsuit, balloons, a mask, fins, a set of goods. And if you start to climb the stray - so there you can not get into three.
      2. lukke
        lukke 20 February 2016 12: 12 New
        +1
        Nothing rests. Simple diver for amateur diver - you can’t keep up with a hundred
        It depends on the diver’s requests ?! it's like cars - there is a Lamborghini, but there are VAZs, and they both drive with four wheels. But in our case, we buy a VAZ (even a completely new model from a new model range) at the Lamborghini price tag.
        Surely if you disassemble the amphora - the components will be from behind the hill, can this be the reason for this?
        1. tchoni
          tchoni 20 February 2016 14: 13 New
          0
          You, please, do not forget that in this kit to fight including in the northern latitudes. Those. a Chinese suit in a millimeter thick, which, except to cover the shame, can’t do anything else. And relative to other positions, the rule works
          1. ratcatcher
            ratcatcher 20 February 2016 19: 30 New
            +3
            "a Chinese suit in a millimeter thick" - and a Chinese suit in 7mm? :)
            It is neoprene in both China and Africa neoprene.
            And trilaminate for a dry suit is trilaminate.
      3. The comment was deleted.
    2. TOZ-34
      TOZ-34 20 February 2016 09: 12 New
      +3
      At the last exhibition of underwater equipment, he asked the cost of an imported rebreather. Only the kit itself, without an electronic control system and cylinders, costs 6 euros.
      At the current rate, already 509 tr In simple civilian execution. And protection, filling, add. equipment, including communication system? So the price is sane.
      1. starper
        starper 20 February 2016 13: 32 New
        0
        When this was done, the course was 40 45 rubles a euro, it turns out approximately 250000 tr and another 1?
      2. ratcatcher
        ratcatcher 20 February 2016 19: 31 New
        0
        You are vilely deceived
        http://www.discountdivers.com/fx/draeger.rebreather.html
      3. The comment was deleted.
    3. TOZ-34
      TOZ-34 20 February 2016 09: 12 New
      +3
      At the last exhibition of underwater equipment, he asked the cost of an imported rebreather. Only the kit itself, without an electronic control system and cylinders, costs 6 euros.
      At the current rate, already 509 tr In simple civilian execution. And protection, filling, add. equipment, including communication system? So the price is sane.
      1. starper
        starper 20 February 2016 10: 51 New
        +1
        Keyword, imported, and here yours for the price of three ...
    4. starper
      starper 20 February 2016 16: 51 New
      +1
      As I understand it, the developers are hiding behind the minuses :-)
  4. Bashibuzuk
    Bashibuzuk 20 February 2016 08: 18 New
    +2
    An interesting presentation of the material.
    Like for kindergarten.
    That PDDS, then PPDS ... then anti-submarine-Diversionary forces and means.
    Why didn’t they tell me which mines the guys were carrying with them in order to flood the boat.
    Touched - "... The new set" Amphora " have enter the closed respiratory system, preventing bubbling .. "
    Does it come in or should it come in? Or will the sperm whale guys dive?
    And the main task .... to prevent allocation bubbles.
    Bubbles ... finally it’s clear what is stopping our sabotage .... bubbling.
    Where from?
    ....
    Rebraiser brand changed, very good. However, the old will be used for a long time.
    Good luck to the children and good luck.
  5. Russian jacket
    Russian jacket 20 February 2016 08: 47 New
    +2
    Doom spiro spero ... In Latin - While I breathe - I hope ... let it breathe easier in this equipment at a depth ..... Good luck to specialists. hi soldier
  6. Whowhy
    Whowhy 20 February 2016 09: 11 New
    0
    And no matter what the automatic valve for switching operating modes, depending on the depth, is done? This is hardly too complicated. And then in a combat situation it is not known what to grab on - either for weapons, or for twisting valves ...
  7. Romanenko
    Romanenko 20 February 2016 09: 49 New
    0
    Judging by the description, an interesting machine, really much better than old women like the IPSA and IDA, I also tried on the IDA-57 once, but the price tag is something very cool, even taking into account a dry suit, fins and other body kit, most likely the special equipment here "made it heavier "total cost.
    1. ratcatcher
      ratcatcher 20 February 2016 19: 23 New
      0
      It's better? And what? Same working time - 4 hours. IDA-71 is fully analog - no electronics. Compact, non-magnetic body, sharpened for passage through a torpedo tube, weight - about 16 kg.
  8. kirpich
    kirpich 20 February 2016 09: 51 New
    +1
    Quote: Tatar 174
    . Well done, our scientists and designers, but I’m generally silent about our soldiers))) Why scare enemies ahead of time, it will be a surprise to them at the right time)))



    No one scares. What has been shown is the development of twenty years ago. Enemies will have any fear when our designs are applied ...
  9. Mera joota
    Mera joota 20 February 2016 09: 52 New
    0
    I wonder what Russian is there? Body armor go only ...
  10. kav669
    kav669 20 February 2016 10: 16 New
    0
    Nice device and compact.
  11. ruAlex
    ruAlex 20 February 2016 11: 51 New
    0
    I wonder why the arrangement of the system was done on the chest, how convenient is it? Maybe someone in the course of enlighten?
    1. estixnumx
      estixnumx 20 February 2016 14: 23 New
      +2
      Conveniently, it allows magnetic mines to be attached to the back of a combat swimmer, then buoyancy is maintained at the expense of the buoyancy compensator. The Amphora set is a slightly reworked set of breathing equipment (rebreather) for the Mk-0 "Drager" underwater breathing apparatus, in addition, a mask from the Divator Mk II scuba gear is used. According to the Bullet-proof vest, but Russian combat swimmers are the only ones.
      According to Drager in the U.S. Navy
      http://www.americanspecialops.com/equipment/SEAL-diving-gear/
      on the history of this company
      http://medconcept.kz/d/74252/d/ru_istoriya_draeger.pdf
      By Divator Mk II
      http://www.best-army.ru/archives/734
      As for the rest that comes with the kit, you should probably find copies of the famous ScubaPro, Mares, etc.
      1. ruAlex
        ruAlex 4 March 2016 23: 53 New
        0
        Thank you enlightened hi
  12. Aleks tv
    Aleks tv 20 February 2016 14: 01 New
    +3
    Until recently, breathing apparatus was still actively used, in which the carbon dioxide released during the swimmer’s breathing was absorbed by a special chemical composition, then it was enriched with oxygen in the breathing bag and breathed in

    A little off topic:
    I immediately remembered IP-5, he liked it, but he had to try on it at every lesson with an OEM in the waterfield.
    After half an hour in it - you go numb as after weed.
    Heh)))
    I hope we, the explorers, also change the breathing system.

    And to specialists and pinnipeds - sincerely GOOD LUCK.
    From time to time we always raise a glass for them.
    drinks
  13. Taoist
    Taoist 20 February 2016 14: 03 New
    +1
    A strange article ... Ozone as a source of oxygen?
    Well, and the scheme of the "rebreather" also looks strange ... I hope that these factual errors are to "confuse the enemy"? And then for me, as a "experienced diver" and an officer (albeit in reserve) of the Navy, reading this is somewhat strange.
  14. engineer
    engineer 20 February 2016 17: 52 New
    0
    some strange and mutually exclusive characteristics. cross between a hedgehog with a snake?
  15. ratcatcher
    ratcatcher 20 February 2016 19: 14 New
    +2
    Price at 1600000 - THIS IS MORE THAN 20 000 dollars at the current rate!
    For amateur diving in an open cycle - 1500-2000 dollars, get into a complete set of equipment, even with a computer (if you take a wet suit).
    Add 1000 - for a dry suit.
    A semi-closed loop rebreather, a dragger costs $ 1000. That is, again, the full set will cost in 2000.
    Rebreather Inspiration - for technical diving at depths of 100 meters and more - 5-6000 dollars ...
    This is a much more complex product ...
    For sure, a hammer for an army costs not $ 10, but 150 ...
  16. ratcatcher
    ratcatcher 20 February 2016 19: 18 New
    0
    What other "Ozone" ???? Substances used in IDA 71 are o3 (o-three!) And KhPI.
    o3 - provides oxygen production, and CPI - filtering.
    Fans run one KPI - as o3 is difficult to get and it is difficult and dangerous to maintain
  17. The comment was deleted.
  18. ratcatcher
    ratcatcher 20 February 2016 19: 44 New
    +2
    Why is this unit better than IDA - 71 ??? Same working time - 4 hours. At a depth of 40 meters, the IDA has an hour, not half an hour! IDA-71 is also fully analog - no electronics. Compact, non-magnetic body, sharpened for passage through a torpedo tube, the curb weight is about 16 kg. The weight of the new, more - 22 kg!
    What kind of progress is this interesting?
    I must honestly say - they copied the dragger, and IDA 71 just can’t do more for some reason, or it’s not profitable to buy, or something else ...
  19. kostya_a
    kostya_a 20 February 2016 20: 31 New
    +1
    He is the most draeger. US navy seal
  20. korvin888
    korvin888 2 May 2016 11: 25 New
    0
    I support! I see another dough cut. If we talk about the "ribs", then the same Ouroboros with a diving depth of up to 200m costs 1 million. And they were tested in real life at 230. These devices have only one plus before the IDA - when water is poured into the system, the diver will not be poisoned with decay products, since the CP was replaced. That's all ... But 1.6 Lama for the device.