Military Review

February 8 - Day of the military topographer of the RF Armed Forces

42
On February 8, the Russian Armed Forces celebrates the professional holiday of military topographers. The day of the military topographer appeared on the calendar of modern military holidays with historical a reference to February 8 (January 27), 1812, when the Regulations for military topographic affairs were approved in the Russian Empire. Today, the servicemen of the Topographic Service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are tasked with topographic and geodetic support of modern military operations.


The full range of tasks that the General Staff sets for military topographers today is as follows:

creating, updating, accumulating stocks of topographic maps, catalogs of geodetic and gravimetric points, bringing them to headquarters and troops;
the production, accumulation and creation of funds of digital and electronic maps and other means of digital information about the terrain and their provision of automated troop control systems and weapons;
preparation of initial geodetic and gravimetric bases for ensuring missile launches, flights aviationfiring artillery and combat use of radio systems of various purposes;
production of special maps, photographic images of the area and other means of topographic and geodetic information and the provision of troops to them;
edition of graphic combat documents;
performance of geodetic and cartographic works of federal purpose.


The qualitative solution of the problems of navigation support allows us to achieve effective results both when transferring troops to the area of ​​hostilities or ongoing combat training exercises, and when striking strikes against a conditional or real enemy. For example, special maps and photographs of the terrain in Syria created back in the Soviet time allow Russian videoconferencing systems to successfully cope with the tasks of destroying militants of various terrorist groups. Special assistance is provided by military topographers of the Syrian armed forces, many of whom were trained in Soviet and Russian military colleges. Syrian civilians, including members of the patriotic Syrian opposition, whose task is also associated with the elimination of terrorist groups actively supported by Turkey, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, the United States, also contribute to the creation of detailed topographic maps and other elements of navigation support. States of America.

Russian military topographers today are actively engaged in the creation of geospatial materials, including using space geodesy units (such work is carried out using data from the Russian satellite constellation).

In addition to the main center for space geodesy, navigation and cartography, the top center of geospatial information, the expedition topogeodesic squad, military units of the district and army subordination - parts of the topographic service were formed within the framework of the Topographic Service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

For their work, military topographers use a whole range of technical means, thanks to which the accuracy of determining coordinates on the ground is increased, the speed and overall effectiveness of such activities are increased. Among the means of technical support is a complex of automated workplaces ARM-EK, which allows creating electronic maps and plans for settlements. In addition, the Volynets mobile digital topographic system and the Violit hardware and software system help the servicemen of the Topographic Service of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation to solve problems of navigation and topographic and geodetic character.

In 2015, the military personnel of the Eastern Military District conducted a whole series of exercises to determine the coordinates, link to the terrain, and create electronic three-dimensional maps. Such activities were carried out at the sites of the Khabarovsk, Primorsky and Trans-Baikal Territories, the Amur and Sakhalin Regions, as well as the Jewish Autonomous Region. With the help of the Volynets mobile digital topographic system, the most important navigational materials were obtained - detailed three-dimensional maps of the area. Opportunities of Volynets PCTS allow solving problems including in field conditions. The complex is installed on the base of the car "Ural".

February 8 - Day of the military topographer of the RF Armed Forces


Gravimetric and astronomical and geodetic data allows obtaining the PNGK-1 complex (based on KamAZ), as well as the Geonika-T navigation and geodetic system.




The introduction of modern technology allows military topographers to deploy topographic equipment for a short period of time, up to 10 minutes, and begin to perform tasks, including the tasks of ensuring the operation of high-precision weapons with the necessary geospatial information.

"Military Review" congratulates military topographers of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and all service veterans on their professional holiday!
Photos used:
vpk.name, http://function.mil.ru
42 comments
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  1. Andrey Yuryevich
    Andrey Yuryevich 8 February 2016 07: 21
    +9
    well, happy holiday surveyors! Finally, we began to use our product, and not American.
    1. Finches
      Finches 8 February 2016 08: 10
      +6
      Happy Holidays!

      We need to congratulate a friend - he is a graduate of the once-only Military Topographic School in the world, one of the oldest military educational institutions in our country, founded in 1822 and survived revolutions and world wars, but did not survive the tumultuous, reformist activities of Serdyukov ...
      1. Thrall
        Thrall 8 February 2016 09: 53
        11
        Happy holiday guys!
        While the enemy draws maps, we change landscapes. wink
        1. Saburov
          Saburov 8 February 2016 11: 25
          +2
          Quote: Thrall
          While the enemy draws maps, we change landscapes


          And manually ... Happy Holidays !!!
          1. Aleksandr72
            Aleksandr72 8 February 2016 13: 30
            +4
            I heard this hochmochk in this version:
            Why would a building battalion need weapons? While the enemy is reading the map, the construction battalion manages to change the terrain.

            Now I know for sure that the construction battalion is changing the landscape under the strict guidance of military topographers laughing
            Topographers - happy holiday !!! And so that there is never a need to change the terrain, especially by hand.
            I have the honor.
      2. lukke
        lukke 8 February 2016 23: 30
        0
        Congratulations to a friend - he is a graduate of the once-only military topographic school in the world
        I don’t know about the World, but in the Union it was the only one. Well, in this case, the situation with the school is not as critical as with other institutions. Still, territorially it is next to Mozhaika (opposite each other) and pouring it into the Mozhaisk Academy, which is larger, as one of the faculties, is not a bad option. Veterans (my dad also finished it - the cartography group) is naturally offensive, and in my opinion the youth is even more prestigious Mozhaika’s diploma)
  2. parusnik
    parusnik 8 February 2016 07: 22
    +5
    Where in the army and without topogroffs .. Happy holiday, guys! drinks
  3. timon si pumba
    timon si pumba 8 February 2016 07: 34
    +2
    Happy Holiday Surveying! good But do you need to use total stations?
  4. SAM 5
    SAM 5 8 February 2016 07: 44
    +5
    Happy holiday, gamblers! wink drinks smile
    1. Beaver
      Beaver 8 February 2016 08: 42
      +2
      Quote: SAM 5
      Happy holiday, gamblers!

      So that your curvimeters always work properly! repeat laughing
  5. Evgeniy667b
    Evgeniy667b 8 February 2016 07: 44
    +1
    Takhi from "Leica" or Japanese mom. UOMZ is not visible on the horizon. And also the Chinese "good" as dirt. Although the 6TA3 is a very interesting model.
  6. Just BB
    Just BB 8 February 2016 07: 50
    +7
    My dad, God grant him good health, he served military service (beginning of the 50s) in these troops!
    For three years I walked along the route of the current BAM (the map was made, otherwise all the photographs and "funny pictures" of the times of Chinggis Khan), Sakhalin, Kamchatka. It is still interesting to listen to the "old man".
    Happy Holidays!
  7. artist-mamluk
    artist-mamluk 8 February 2016 08: 06
    +8
    Gentlemen Military Topographers, congratulations from the civilian topographer. Good luck !!!
    1. Coffee_time
      Coffee_time 8 February 2016 11: 59
      +2
      I join, I also congratulate the military topographers from the civilian. A lot of ours and good software and hardware, otherwise the photo shows the watering can
  8. Neo1982
    Neo1982 8 February 2016 08: 10
    +1
    I recently watched here not a new documentary of the Zvezda channel about space (I don’t remember what I’m called), it was claimed there that GLONASS can determine coordinates with an accuracy of a few millimeters, and they didn’t specify whether it was with a reference station or not (just if so, then understandably, but they presented it as a difference from GPS). Can anyone know?

    And, of course, all happy holidays !!! (in the military card "technician-surveyor"))
  9. Same lech
    Same lech 8 February 2016 08: 19
    +2
    No military operation is conceivable without topographers .. very important people in military affairs .... few understand this.
    Happy professional holiday dear hi
  10. engineer
    engineer 8 February 2016 08: 21
    +1
    Of course it can’t. and not only in millimeters. but also in meters. the earth is not a ball. and the geoid, therefore, the usual formulas of spherical geometry do not give such accuracy. here is an approximate calculation with an error. and this error is not recoverable. more observation points. the smaller the error. Now the quo is 5-10 meters in favorable conditions. but it is not always.
    1. Evgeniy667b
      Evgeniy667b 8 February 2016 09: 11
      +4
      The most accurate point coordinates can be obtained by astronomical methods, through long-term observations. Everything else corresponds to the theory of non-equilibrium measurements. Neither GLONAS nor GPS are ideal, as is customary in the use of certain circles of people. For navigation tasks, this accuracy is enough, but for more, you need at least the presence of base stations and equalization of these structures. And the most interesting thing is time to grab it all!
      For those who are in the field! drinks
    2. mishaia_23
      mishaia_23 8 February 2016 12: 07
      0
      the earth is not a ball. a geoid
      more precisely, the Reference ellipsoid is an approximation of the shape of the Earth's surface, an ellipsoid of revolution. In Russia (in the USSR since 1946), the Krasovsky ellipsoid is used.
  11. Sergey Vladimirovich
    Sergey Vladimirovich 8 February 2016 08: 41
    +3
    Anecdote on the occasion! The village, men stand smoking ... - Oh! The military arrived something ... - They got a map ... - Now they will ask for directions.

    Happy holiday, dear! All the best to you! drinks
  12. aszzz888
    aszzz888 8 February 2016 08: 42
    +4
    "Buy a card, bast shoe!" k / f Jeltmen of Fortune.
    Nowhere without topographers and cartographers.
    Happy Holidays! soldier
  13. Million
    Million 8 February 2016 08: 49
    +1
    Happy Holidays!
  14. tsvetkov1274
    tsvetkov1274 8 February 2016 08: 54
    +1
    Well for topographers drinks
  15. shelva
    shelva 8 February 2016 09: 13
    +1
    Happy holiday, topographers and cartographers! Separately, I congratulate the graduates of MIIGAiK of 1978, all who are alive - hello!
  16. Roy
    Roy 8 February 2016 09: 35
    +2
    Happy topographer day guys
    Happy all of you friends,
    We are very pleased to admit
    What a big family we are.
    Get out the bottle soon
    Get out and don't be shy
    Will raise glasses
    For relatives and friends!

    1. mishaia_23
      mishaia_23 8 February 2016 12: 19
      +2
      When the military goes forward along a path
      That is sure to take and hold a card in front of you.
      So who is the first on earth, on land and in heaven,
      And who needs everywhere, like in air and bread?
      And he is a simple surveyor - without noise, orders, without glory
      Walking along a swampy path, overcoming crossings ...
  17. Amurets
    Amurets 8 February 2016 09: 41
    +2
    Happy holiday! Guys! Without you, you cannot tie a drill or a launcher.
  18. vol46an
    vol46an 8 February 2016 09: 46
    +2
    On February 8, Kursk marks the 73 anniversary of the liberation of the city from Nazi invaders.
  19. avt
    avt 8 February 2016 10: 05
    +1
    "The lieutenant took out the map, so he will ask the locals where to go" laughing Happy holiday!
  20. triglav
    triglav 8 February 2016 10: 21
    +3
    All topographers on a holiday! You are cool guys!
  21. engineer
    engineer 8 February 2016 10: 28
    +3
    It reminds me of an old movie. The commander determines the direction of the strike. and the topographer says to him: Your Excellency cannot be here. here is the sea. drown everything. happy holiday.
  22. cesar65
    cesar65 8 February 2016 10: 56
    +3
    Thank you, I served in the GSNG 83-85gg in the top squad, the only awarded military order for the Great Patriotic War. Unfortunately, after the withdrawal from Germany, the detachment was disbanded.
  23. rusmat73
    rusmat73 8 February 2016 11: 24
    +1
    was in the summer of 2015. in Sevastopol at an exhibition: the exhibition “Military geography. The Vulture of Secrecy Removed ”, created as part of the All-Russian project“ Geographers - Great Victory ”. learned so much interesting yes I RECOMMEND TO EVERYONE!!! good
    a short story: during the defense, the Germans made a smoke-gas curtain so that our troops could not advance successfully during the attack, and so, when looking at a photo of Sevastopol, fire flashes were recorded in smoke, the topographer took a picture, and voila! during the offensive, we suppressed the firing points of the Germans immediately, which saved many of the lives of our soldiers.
    and many more interesting and instructive stories you can learn about topographers, their difficult and inconspicuous work. I respect Happy Holiday !!! drinks
  24. sso-xnumx
    sso-xnumx 8 February 2016 11: 30
    +3
    Correct, accurate and well-made topographic map 50% success in drawing up a database maintenance plan! Thank you guys! Happy holiday !!!
  25. BOB48
    BOB48 8 February 2016 11: 42
    +2
    all topographers happy holiday !!!! and especially the military unit 73535, Zvenigorod 84-86! drinks
  26. V.Wind
    V.Wind 8 February 2016 11: 55
    +3
    Do you know who was the first surveyor? Partisan sailor Zheleznyak ...... "He went to Odessa, and went to Kherson, partisan sailor Zheleznyak ...... A joke of graduates of a military topographic school. Happy holiday!
    1. sso-xnumx
      sso-xnumx 8 February 2016 13: 35
      +1
      Quote: V.Wind
      Do you know who was the first topographer?

      Yeah! And the root cause was Ivan Susanin! The kingdom to him be heaven! After him, there was no hope for the conductors!
  27. Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 8 February 2016 12: 16
    +2
    Good service !!!! and Happy Holiday!
  28. Xpyct89
    Xpyct89 8 February 2016 18: 30
    +2
    Happy holiday from the signalmen fellow
  29. Aandrewsir
    Aandrewsir 8 February 2016 22: 08
    +1
    First he served in the "training" of the missile forces of the Ground Forces (summer 1986 - autumn 1986) in the Volga region near Penza. VUS - "Commander of the topogeodetic department". Then - a year and a half in Transcaucasia. "Golden" times ... Union, Empire ... It was still functioning. Along with minor problems - the greatness of the Power. And then ... Now - a lieutenant colonel ... of "other troops" ... But as I loved my homeland, I love it. And "Yeltsin" and "Putin" ... About the first persons - a separate conversation. To love Yeltsin is masochism ... but ... Motherland was given to us once and from birth. If you want - love, you want ... file it with the "Gaad court" ... In general, think the inhabitants of Russia ... Special greetings to the Crimea. I love Crimeans! They proved it. that they are something "real Russians"!
  30. SlavaP
    SlavaP 8 February 2016 22: 46
    +1
    Happy Holiday Military Topographers! Respect and respect from a former artilleryman. My second favorite subject after art shooting!

    This is serious.

    But not seriously:
    They say that Napoleonic spies did not just spy cards of the Russian General Staff, but also the matrices from which they were printed. Where they brought them is well known! They also say that German strategists poorly taught Military History and did the same before the Great Patriotic War ... the end is known.
  31. Evgeniy667b
    Evgeniy667b 9 February 2016 07: 18
    0
    Bakatin gave a lot to Americans. After his labors, he had to rebalance the entire coordinate network of the country. (SK-95-96) So it was after the attack of Colonel Penkovsky (SK-63). And this is the accuracy of shooting primarily missiles.