Military Review

Slaughter something prettier-3

36
The two previous materials on this topic aroused the genuine interest of VO readers, so it makes sense to continue this topic and tell you that, first, it did not enter the previous material, and second, to move ashore from the countries of Central Asia Pacific Ocean and see what looked short-bladed weapon the Japanese have to compare it with Indian, Persian, Turkish, and North African.


And here, perhaps, the time will “strike at the memories” and tell about how I first became acquainted with cold weapons and where I had an interest in him. It turned out that I grew up in an old wooden house 1882, built with a bunch of sheds and cellars, in which nothing was stored. My grandfather had an 1895 HDD he received when he traveled with a food squad to knock out bread from the peasants, a bayonet from Gra’s rifle, which he was given to this rifle, not caring that he didn’t fit the trunk - I mowed nettle in the garden and burdocks, and still at home there was a completely eerie-looking dagger with a rhombic blade, a twisted cross hair, a bone handle and a wooden scabbard covered with black varnish. My uncle found him, who died later in the war, and my grandfather told me that he found him in the cemetery and he was all covered in blood. My grandfather taught me to throw him at the target, at the wall of the shed and ... then I showed it to some of my classmates for what purpose.

Having read "Dirk", I cut an encrypted inscription on the sheath: "This dagger was found in the cemetery", which is why its value has increased dramatically, and I, as a student, sold it to a collector. So how to keep such horror at home in Soviet times was simply dangerous!

And then my mother got married again, and it turned out that her elect was a former officer of the Polish Army and part-time Soviet military intelligence Peter Shpakovsky. Later, in the novel “We Will Die Under Moscow”, he will be bred under the name of Peter Skvortsovsky, well, and then (and I was studying at the time in ninth grade), familiarity with such a person naturally interested me well, just before stuttering. Houses - a museum! Pictures from the Dresden Gallery ("awards from Marshal Rokossovsky"), a bunch of all "antiques", the saber of the German general - "he gave me!" And, finally - a Japanese dagger. He thought it was a wakizashi, but now I know for sure that it was tanto. And he got it in a duel with a German officer, who is also described in the novel and ... took him off as a trophy! I also got a cigar-pipe (!), A parabellum, a tablet with papers and this very dagger that hung on his belt. Looks like a German was a fool and a dude, for which he paid! And, of course, I wanted to learn more about it, began to read the relevant books, and so I got carried away. Well, now for this there is also the Internet!

Slaughter something prettier-3

This is what the tanto dagger looked like from my distant childhood.

True, my dagger did not have a braid on the handle - it was completely covered with shark skin and looked very simple, but the sheath was very beautiful. Bamboo was masterfully discharged under the wind in black gold lacquer, and under the bamboo there was a tiny demon cast from bronze and attached to the sheath. His teeth were silver, his wrist bracelets were gold, and his eyes were rubies. And all this is about the size of a nail!



So without the Japanese theme, we are, as they say, “nowhere”, but before talking about the Japanese blades, we should at least return to the past. So, in the previous material it was told about daggers chilanum, but there was no “picture”. In addition, these daggers are not only in the exposition of the Metropolitan Museum in New York, but also in many others. For example, this Indian dagger from Dean, South India, 1500-early 1600. located in Higgins Arsenal, in Worcester County, Massachusetts. But today it is closed, so it's useless to go there, but thanks to the Internet we can see it. It is interesting, first of all, its typing. The dagger is all-metal, weighs one pound and is decorated with blacksmith work and gold and silver notch.


And here is another such dagger already from the Louvre. And what can you say about him, speaking the language of our time? Solid show off! Because his entire arm, together with the guard, is carved out of a milky-white stone. Stone! That is, in any case, this thing is fragile, because it is thin. Wearing it on a belt on the background of a colored robe, probably, was very effective, but it is hardly possible to use it in battle.


Another Indian dagger, also from the Louvre and also with a stone handle. The handle is simple, massive, and the master decided not to decorate it. But on the blade worked from the heart, so that even sharpen it and that ... scary. Well how do you spoil such beauty?


Here are daggers from the Prince of Wales Museum in the city of Mumbai in India. Now everyone is changing (talking) Turkey and Egypt to India, Vietnam and Borneo, so that those who go to Mumbai (or Mumbai) can see them. Again, chalcedony, carnelian, rubies, emeralds - everything that is rich in India, went to their decoration. Moreover, the most amazing thing is that the handle on the left dagger ends with the dog’s head, and the mountain goat on the right. Well, okay horses, okay dogs ... But why a goat?

One of the commentators of the previous material wrote that due to its size and the fact that jambia-type daggers were worn under the belt, they could play the role of ... body armor! This is a controversial statement, but if you really look at the photos of the same Yemenis with their daggers in their belts, then this may well come to mind.


Typical Yemeni man. Rather, its middle part.


We usually think that a dagger is something rather miniature, whereas a saber or the same Turkish scimitar is something big. Not always like this! Here for example, the Turkish dagger Jambia (above) 18 of the century and the scimitar (below), also Turkish, made in 1866. As you can see, the jambia has downright awesome dimensions compared to this scimitar, although a bit shorter. But not by the way! Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.


And these are two daggers from North India. Upper - pesh-kabz, which served in order to break through the chain mail, XVII century. But unlike the exhibit of the Metropolitan Museum with a simple bone handle, it has a pistol-shaped handle made of stone with gold inlay.


Well, this knife - it looks very simple, is actually valuable, first of all, not with finishing, but with its material - it is made of meteoric iron! Belonged to Shah Jahangir, Vilik Mughal dynasty, 1621 Exhibit of the Art Gallery of the Smithsonian National Museum of Asian Art in Washington.


Japanese wakizashi - twin sword to the katana. Why wakizashi, because the pen without braid? And because in this case the length of the blade matters!

Well, now we finally got to Japan. And what we do not see there at all? Well, yes, of course, the abundance of "crooked ninjas"! And the blades of the famous Japanese tati and katan, and the blades of wakizashi and tanto have a very moderate curvature. Because it is more convenient. "Curve" to slaughter is not necessary!


Dagger tantто from the British Museum. As you can see, this is not just a blade mounted on the handle. There are such details as a tsuba (traditionally we call it a guard, although this is not quite so), a sepp coupling, a hubac plate, and also funny accessories — a small kozuka knife and a claw pin. The knife was inserted into the groove of the scabbard (not all tantтоs) and which could have been tossed (although it was unlikely that there was much benefit). More often, they stuck him in the head of the killed enemy (in the ear or in a bundle of hair) to show who killed him, because the name of the owner was engraved on it. The hairpin (one, in this case for some reason two) could be worn in the sheath from the opposite side, or instead of goatsucks. On the hairpin was a spoon - get the sulfur out of the ears. For these items were provided with special holes in the tube.


Here are the most diverse Japanese daggers of the Edo era, that is, peacetime, when their wearing has become a tradition and an indicator of status. George Walter Vincent Smith Museum of Art. Springfield, USA.


Kaiken - a dagger for women. It was simple in design, but if it was necessary to protect its honor, the Japanese launched it without hesitation, and dealt a fatal blow to the carotid artery.

Well, there were only two main types of daggers: these are tanto and aiguchi. Tanto was a normal-sized guard, but outwardly it looked like a smaller copy of a short sword. Aiguchi (literally - "open mouth") usually did not have a winding on the handle, so the skin of a stingray or shark on it was clearly visible. Aiguchi did not have Garda, he had no sepp washers, and the sheath mount was made in the form of a hanging ring.


Aykuchi. The blade of the master Umetad Akinaga from Yamashiro 1704 of George Walter Vincent Smith. Springfield, USA.

It is believed that samurai usually went to work with tanto, but aiguti was owned by those who had already retired (as proof that they are still suitable for something, because the dagger, although without a guard, is still a dagger). The samurai and the original stylet were used - hashiwara, and the samurai pierced their shells with a blade, but they also knew double-edged swords having a dol, but attached to a traditional Japanese handle - yorodoshi-tant, and their blades were very similar to the tip of a Japanese su-yari spear.


Tanto, signed by Uji Fius. Handle. George Walter Vincent Smith. Springfield, USA.


Kojiri - the tip of the scabbard.


Tanto - Masamune blade. Tokyo National Museum.

Kubikiri-zukuri, too, was sharpened on the contrary, and moreover, he did not have an edge. The word "kubikiri" means "head cutter," so what was it meant for clearly? And why should he then the edge? Such daggers were carried by samurai servants, with its help they cut off the heads of dead enemies, since they served as "war trophies." True, by the 17th century, zuburiri-zukuri were already worn as a sign of distinction. "They say, that's what I got from my warlike ancestors - look!"


During the period of peace in Japan, a lot of openly decorative weapons were produced. Here is a dagger in ivory sheath, with the same tsuba and grip. George Walter Vincent Smith. Springfield, USA.

Kusungobu is a dagger for hara-kiri. Its length was about 25 cm. If the samurai lacked this dagger, hara-kiri could be done with the help of tantто and even wakizashi, but then the latter was held not by the hilt, but by the blade, for which he was wrapped in rice paper. How it all happened is well shown in the movie "The Shogun."

Purely Japanese weapons of self-defense were dzhytal jute. His cylindrical or multifaceted blade had neither a blade nor a pronounced tip, but on the side he had a massive hook. This weapon, moreover, usually a pair, was used by the Japanese police during the Edo period in order to disarm the enemy armed with the sword. To this end, with a blade and a hook off the side, they caught his sword, after which they pulled out or broke it with a blade blow. To the ring on the handle was attached a lanyard with a colored brush, according to the color of which one could judge the rank of a policeman. There were whole schools that developed in their walls the art of fighting in jutte and, first of all, the techniques of countering these daggers to fighters with a samurai sword.


This jute is very interesting for its guard, and is quite rare in collections. He was called the “power of ten hands,” and he often replaced the short belt sword with a wakizashi or tanto at official receptions or during visits to pubs with samurai of various ranks and clans. This weapon had a large number of options, from the simplest to the most valuable and very expensive, which received with the coming of time the title of kokuho (“national treasure”). He was often supplied with tsuba and scabbards. The length of this sample 47, see. Weight 1, 2 kg.


Jutte an Edo-era police officer.


Knife to a simp kamikaze of times of the Second World War. The original is “dressed” in the syros of the statutory procedure (storage sheath). The quenching line of jamon is not visible, but if the blade is polished, it will necessarily appear.

That is, the Japanese rightly reasoned that in order to slaughter either themselves or their neighbors “beautifully” it is not at all necessary to bend the blade of a knife or dagger too much, and that in order to use it neither gold, nor diamonds, nor jade, in general, is also not needed. Living on the ocean, they didn’t even use corals for decoration, they practically didn’t use them, unlike the Turks. Wood, stingray leather, a bit of its famous lacquer, a few brush strokes of gold and - most importantly, almost straight, a sharp blade sharpened on one side and that’s it. That is quite enough!

The author expresses gratitude to the company Antiques of Japan (http://antikvariat-japan.ru/) for the opportunity to use photos and materials belonging to her.
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36 comments
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  1. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 28 January 2016 06: 22
    10
    And the reader thanks the author for a good mood in the early morning !!!
    It is provided for the whole day!
    1. NIKNN
      NIKNN 28 January 2016 21: 38
      +2
      The third well-deserved plus to the author and thanks! good
      1. remy
        remy 31 January 2016 23: 53
        0
        but as for me it's better axes
  2. alex-cn
    alex-cn 28 January 2016 07: 45
    +8
    I agree completely, And I add that beauty - it is beauty, albeit dangerous and deadly. Plus set, but as if still ...
    Who better knows the cold ... Tell me, when describing a short-bladed Japanese weapon, the author often uses the term dagger to be unilaterally sharpened, while the European tradition requires two or one and a half sides sharpening. It is clear that in terms of functionality, these are actually daggers, but how to combine this?
    And as for covering the handle with stingray leather ... If you don’t chase beauty, not the main thing in military weapons, I’ll say that I saw from the skin of a katrana, it won’t slip, even if it’s dipped in butter.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 28 January 2016 08: 10
    0
    Beauty is what, thanks for the material presented ..
  4. alex-cn
    alex-cn 28 January 2016 08: 10
    0
    Interestingly, and the "meteorite" knife has a pattern on the blade the result of forging-etching, or does it really have its own texture?
    1. kalibr
      28 January 2016 09: 48
      0
      So who would answer this question?
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 28 January 2016 10: 38
        +1
        Here is a man himself made a blade of meteoritehttp://www.arhangelskie.com/stat_2.html
  5. Bashibuzuk
    Bashibuzuk 28 January 2016 08: 57
    +2
    "..And fingers reach for the pen, pen for paper ..."
    And then, I just saw a photo of daggers and scimitars, my hands twisted themselves like hooks.
    I almost scratched the monitor, trying to grab the jambia.
    .
    A very unexpected discovery is such a comparison of Japanese and European cold.
    Or such a feed.
    Japanese seemed to me either purely practical or purely ostentatious, artistic.
    At that time, as in our region, I somehow did not notice such a difference between the two extremes.
    Probably just like that the material is arranged.
    .
    Great, great.
    Thank you.
  6. miru mir
    miru mir 28 January 2016 09: 02
    +2
    I enjoy reading your articles on this topic. Thank you so much hi
    1. kalibr
      28 January 2016 09: 52
      0
      When the reader is satisfied, then the author is satisfied. There will be 2 more material. One is ready, the other is being written ...
  7. Alex_T
    Alex_T 28 January 2016 09: 46
    +1
    In the topic of the article. Who can guess what this "knife" is for?
    1. kalibr
      28 January 2016 11: 05
      +1
      Throwing knife from Congo. Is not it?
      1. Alex_T
        Alex_T 28 January 2016 16: 41
        0
        Right. This is a throwing knife. Thanks for the interesting articles.
  8. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 28 January 2016 09: 47
    0
    For 3 times today, I look at the photo and re-read it in pieces. I think that today I will look again 2 times. At lunch and in the evening.
  9. Nagaibak
    Nagaibak 28 January 2016 09: 49
    +3
    I am surprised.))) Someone minus slapped.))) I do not like edged weapons do not look. In general, how can she not like it?))) The man was apparently random on the VO site. If you don’t like weapons, then what did you forget here on the site?)))
    1. miru mir
      miru mir 28 January 2016 10: 15
      +4
      Only for the sake of such articles, at one time, and subscribed to the site smile
      1. alex-cn
        alex-cn 28 January 2016 10: 52
        +2
        Of course, not only because of such, but generally weapons.
        But such is a rest of the soul.
      2. Edge
        Edge 29 January 2016 14: 30
        0
        Quote: miru mir
        Only for the sake of such articles, at one time, and subscribed to the site smile


        Totally agree!
  10. The Sparkle
    The Sparkle 28 January 2016 11: 08
    0
    Beautiful products, but I don’t need such products on the farm - I cut the cattle and cut them with a small amputation knife. It lies well in the hand and performs its functions perfectly.
    And I think - the laws on storage and carrying should be intimidated - to prohibit even carrying table knives with you, if you are not on a hike or hunting! A lot of "alternatively gifted" like to carry them with them to intimidate ordinary people.
  11. The Sparkle
    The Sparkle 28 January 2016 11: 08
    0
    Beautiful products, but I don’t need such products on the farm - I cut the cattle and cut them with a small amputation knife. It lies well in the hand and performs its functions perfectly.
    And I think - the laws on storage and carrying should be intimidated - to prohibit even carrying table knives with you, if you are not on a hike or hunting! A lot of "alternatively gifted" like to carry them with them to intimidate people.
    1. alex-cn
      alex-cn 28 January 2016 13: 26
      +2
      Do not confuse overalls with a ball gown.
      Carrying a dining room to poke a friend into a barrel while drunk is not at all like hanging a knife on a carpet, and sometimes looking at a picture of good craftsmen (though this is the same work of art as the picture). I don’t think that most people here will have a desire to use such beauty in practice ...
    2. Free wind
      Free wind 28 January 2016 14: 07
      +1
      I’ve been carrying a knife since I was five, I wasn’t in the army, I didn’t kill people, I didn’t scare, but the knife is always with me. I cut off the head of the cattle with my knife so that I would not suffer from one blow, to the pig in my heart.
  12. zoknyay82
    zoknyay82 28 January 2016 11: 11
    +1
    Thanks for the article, there would be more of such articles on V.O. !!!
  13. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 28 January 2016 11: 59
    +1
    I think so, Vyacheslav (answering your question about the goat): Hindus have the term "Vakhana of God or Goddess" --- a mount: Brahma has a swan or a goose, Vishnu has an eagle Garuda, Surya has Garuda's brother Arun, Shiva the white Bull Nandin, Devi (Shiva's wife) has a lion, Yamaraja has a black buffalo, G.a.n.esh.i. a rat ... But the Sun God Pushan has a goat! Pushan is the God of the daily cycle of the Sun, without teeth, but with a shock of red hair.
    Different peoples in the pagan era had zoomorphic Deities. Or Deities with animal heads --- Egypt, Sumer, India. They even had a similar script (cf. Egypt and Harappa hieroglyphs)!
    And in Buddhism --- Goddess Lhamo rides a mule (on his croup --- eye), there is Goddess Vajravarahi (in Russian --- Diamond Sewer), who has a boar’s head. By the way, Ganesha --- with the head of an elephant. Buddhist animals --- elephant, deer, monkey, rat, cat, p

    yba, Horse of the Winds, etc.
    1. kalibr
      28 January 2016 12: 43
      +1
      Thank you, I did not know about the goat. I knew about Genesha, she’s standing on the shelf with her daughter. But it’s not! Thank!
  14. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 28 January 2016 12: 51
    0
    Question about the handle made of a fragile stone (3rd from the top): I know one that is similar: it is milky white jade. Jade can be of different colors: shades of milky, white, grayish and green. By the way, I will add that now they are promoting crafts made of black jade. .However, there have been reports that black jade does not exist. By the way, in ancient Egyptian the word "jade" means "Goddess"!
    Actually, I really like the mysterious milk-white Moonstone, but I don’t know about the large products from it.
    I do not write separately the sources for these two comments, because they are the most common: Encyclopedia of Myths of the Peoples of the World, Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Religions of the World, etc.
    1. kalibr
      28 January 2016 14: 52
      +1
      In any case, the stone is fragile, especially thin. When I was young, I was still that dude, I smoked a pipe and made them myself. One was made of pink marble and glowed in the dark. But she was very hot and was heavy, although the walls were thin. So what? Fell to the floor and shattered! Jade, of course, is stronger, but such a thin bow will also break on impact. About jade in Egyptian ... You know that the Egyptians did not write vowels, only semi-vowels, so maybe it is nefer-it, but nefer is just "beautiful / a \. It is not for nothing that Nefertiti is translated as" Beautiful is coming "( or passed), and nefer-nefer - as the best or most beautiful.
      1. alex-cn
        alex-cn 28 January 2016 18: 26
        +1
        Kalibr!
        I think that with such weapons, no one ever intended to fight, this is the same status and investment as in jewelry (I mean real high-quality work, not consumer goods), which, unlike gold, only become more expensive over time . Than a highly artistic dagger worse than the same Faberge products ...
  15. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 28 January 2016 16: 06
    0
    Thank you for your answer, Vyacheslav. Thus, you have come to another interesting topic, the question is whether YOU would like to "expand and deepen" it. Is this a prestigious topic? , status? men's collections. Pipes, decorative daggers, tobacco.er.ok., lighters, flaskEk, models of tanks, chess ... Yes, little did they collect and what were the men of all times and peoples proud of? Horses, dogs, wild animals. ... There are countless riches in the chambers of stone !!! And mind you, I did not suggest this.
    1. miru mir
      miru mir 28 January 2016 16: 09
      +1
      I wouldn’t refuse to look at such collections laughing
    2. kalibr
      28 January 2016 16: 58
      0
      You suggested a very interesting topic. Themes! Well, I dabbled in pipes in my wild youth, although I even had two Breyer pipes, Moscow ones with a muzzle of a lion, Mephistopheles ... There was only one palm tree with a hidalgo head under the pachitos. But I'm not a specialist, that’s the problem. Tanks ... in 90 years, I had a collection of 100 of the most famous companies. He took 3 place at the World Championship on the photo of tank models (that's what competitions are!) And received a bronze medal in 1995. But in 1998, he sold it all. I can write about this. Snuffboxes, lighters - I don’t know at all. Chess ... I like to play, but I play medium. One magazine ordered me such an article about chess with figures of soldiers, but it turned out not to be mine either. As well as collections of cars and aircraft. So you see for yourself - there is not much I can do in this regard.
      Although ... I have a landmark sculptor I. Zeynalov - he does it and collects it himself. That's worth writing about it. He has a workshop - a museum!
      1. alex-cn
        alex-cn 28 January 2016 17: 06
        0
        So ask! I think no sensible master will refuse such a site
  16. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 28 January 2016 16: 44
    0
    Why not boast about your collections? And look at strangers! Although I have --- the very beginning.
    1. Glot
      Glot 28 January 2016 17: 11
      +1
      Why not boast about your collections? And look at strangers! Although I have --- the very beginning.


      It depends on who and what collects. Other collections never see "white light" so to speak, much less are exhibited on the net.
      Here I have one acquaintance, so to speak, rarely, rarely, but intersect. There he collects household items, ammunition and other things of the ancient period. He only has helmets for 30 pieces already, Greeks, Romans, Scythians and others. Swords, daggers, utensils, figures, the remains of armor (and even one horse) and so on and so forth ... All this no one has ever seen and will not see except for a narrow circle of persons. And there are people who collect weapons. Who will shine it then? In general, not every collector is ready to open their bins for public viewing. smile
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 28 January 2016 17: 35
        0


        Glot, you see how it happens. I have the simplest thing: monuments from the time of socialism, copies of course. Well, and something else similar in theme. I still didn’t have time to study these sculptors. And I didn’t understand something and missed it. I regret it.
        After all, you can boast of collections, but then you look at other collectors with their weapons to burst into the apartment --- boast ...
  17. Orionvit
    Orionvit 28 January 2016 17: 55
    +2
    Quote: anodonta
    As always, Vyacheslav got a great article! The photos are just super! good
    Thank you so much!

    Both the article and the photo are superb, but pay attention, again some kind of p.i.d. excuse the bad person put a minus. I just read about bayonets, it's the same. Such a "reader" sits and minuses everything. If he reads this, then my advice to him. Let him see a psychiatrist. Incurable opportunism is a disease.
  18. SlavaP
    SlavaP 28 January 2016 20: 40
    0
    Thanks to the author for the article. I want to add that in addition to Japan and the United States, a good collection of cold steel and firearms is collected here in Britain in the Wallace Collection. It happens to be in London - do not miss. In the center, admission is free.

    http://www.wallacecollection.org/collections/exhibition/118
  19. Reptiloid
    Reptiloid 28 January 2016 23: 09
    +1
    Perhaps it is more correct to take an interest not in other people's collections, but in a hobby. I thought that I should be more interested in their history, collecting monuments. I have a very beginning.