Military Review

Sniper rifle MTs-116M

29
Evidence of the use of Russian weapons by the Syrian army has reappeared in domestic and foreign media. Deliveries of weapons and equipment of Russian production to Syria are not newsHowever, from time to time there are very interesting reports on the transfer of certain new samples. So, at the beginning of this year there were reports of the use of the MC-116M sniper rifles by the Syrian army. In early December, this topic became relevant again: several publications published photos of Syrian snipers with this weapons Russian production.


In general, the delivery of Russian small arms to friendly Syria is not sensational news. Military-technical cooperation between Russia and Syria has lasted for several decades, and with the beginning of the civil war, it only intensified. Due to the loss of bases and warehouses with the material part, the Syrian military was forced to place new orders for a particular military product. Not later than the end of last year, the range of weapons supplied was replenished with Russian high-precision rifles MC-116M. It should be noted that the order itself could have appeared much earlier, and the delay in the appearance of the first evidence of the supply of such weapons is due to a number of objective reasons.


General view of the rifle MTs-116M. Photo of Wikimedia Commons


According to reports, the Syrian armed forces received a number of rifles, MC-116M, which were transferred to a number of ground forces. This weapon is used for its intended purpose: to defeat enemy personnel at distances of up to several hundred meters. In addition, it is likely that Syrian snipers using such rifles can hit unprotected enemy vehicles. The well-known characteristics of MC-116М suggest that this weapon is highly effective when used in urban and other settlements.

The sniper rifle MTs-116М was developed by the Tula Central Design Bureau for Sports and Hunting Weapons (TsKIB SOO), now part of the Instrument Design Bureau, in the mid-nineties. The aim of the new project was to create a combat version of the existing sports rifle MC-116. Such weapons were successfully used by Russian athletes, and its main features allowed the creation of a combat rifle with similar parameters. By processing new parts and changing some of the design features, the MC-116M sniper rifle was created. Work on this project was completed in 1997 year.

The MC-116M rifle is a non-automatic, precision-guided weapon with manual reloading and magazine ammunition designed for 7,62x54 mm R cartridge. Some units borrowed from the baseline Sporting MC-116 are used in its structure, however, a magazine and some others were used for construction in the troops nodes designed to enhance performance.

Sniper rifle MTs-116M
Rifle scheme. 1 - anti-scatter device; 2 - trunk with box; 3 - optical sight; 4 - bed; 5 - shop; 6 - bipod; 7 - flame arrester. Figure Royallib.com


The MC-116M is equipped with a “heavy” rifled barrel of 7,62 mm caliber with a length of 650 mm (85,3 caliber). On the lateral surface of the barrel, the valleys are provided, by which more efficient cooling between shots is ensured. In the muzzle of the barrel are folding fly and mounting for slotted flame arrester. An important feature of the rifle is the design of the barrel mount. The barrel is made freely hung and held in place only by contact with the receiver. The rifle is designed in such a way that it does not come into contact with the side surface of the barrel over its entire length. This allows you to provide a constant barrel oscillations when firing, which is easier to take into account when shooting.

The barrel is fixed in a cylindrical receiver, located in the rear of the box. The design of the box has a number of features characteristic of weapons with manual reloading. In the right side there is a window for ejection of the sleeves, in the bottom - the receiving window of the store. In the back of the box there is a figured cut-out, along which the shutter handle passes during preparation for the shot. On the upper surface of the receiver provides mounting for sighting devices. Early series rifles were equipped with dovetail slats. Currently, rifles are equipped with Picatinny slats, expanding the range of compatible sights.

The shutter of the weapon is made longitudinally sliding and rotates around its axis in the extreme forward position. Locking the barrel before firing is done with the help of two combat stops of the combat larva. To control the recharge on the gate has a L-shaped handle. The form of the latter facilitates the work with the shutter, and also does not impose restrictions on the design of the sight.


Shooter with a rifle. Photo Kbptula.ru


The trigger mechanism is divided into two parts. Drummer and mainspring mounted inside the bolt. The hammering of the firing pin is carried out with the movement of the bolt and the sending of a new cartridge. A curious feature of the percussion mechanism is the tail end of the firing pin, which, when cocked, protrudes from the back end of the bolt and serves as an indicator. The trigger mechanism is made on a separate basis and provides the unblocking of the firing pin with the subsequent blow to the cartridge primer. The trigger mechanism has several adjustments. The shooter can change the trigger stroke in the range from 0,5 to 2 mm, the pull force varies in the range from 0,5 to 2,55 kgf. The trigger mechanism includes a non-automatic safety device whose flag is located in front of the trigger. In the on state, the fuse blocks the sear.

The supply is carried out from detachable box magazines on 5 or 10 cartridges. In this case, the package includes shops 6В1 on 10 cartridges. The magazine is placed in the lower window of the box and secured with the appropriate latch.

All units rifle MTs-116M mounted on a wooden bed with an adjustable butt. For more convenience, the shooter provides mechanisms for changing the length of the butt and cheek height. It is also possible to move the butt plate in the vertical and horizontal planes. The butt length is adjustable within 30 mm, the vertical deflection of the butt plate is also limited upwards and downwards by the 30 mm, and the lateral deviation to 6 mm. The cheek of the stock can go up by 30 mm and move both ways by 6 mm.


Syrian army sniper with MC-116M. Photo Imp-navigator.livejournal.com


The basic set of sniper rifle MTs-116M includes an optical sight POSP-8x42L. If necessary, the shooter can use other sights, mounted on the bar receiver. To improve the accuracy of fire, the rifle is also equipped with a bipod of the MT116M C64 type bipod, an adjustable emphasis on the butt and an anti-leash MTX116M Cb6.

The MC-116M rifle with an empty magazine and without sights weighs about 6,5 kg. The length of the weapon without modular devices - 1250 mm. The minimum distance from the middle of the trigger to the butt plate is 340 mm.

According to the manufacturer, the effective range of the rifle reaches 700 m (according to other data, 800 m). At the same time, high accuracy is ensured. According to some reports, when using quality 7,62x54 mm R "Extra" cartridges, accuracy of the order of 1 MOA is ensured.


Syrian army sniper with MC-116M. Photo Imp-navigator.livejournal.com


According to reports, in the late nineties, the sniper rifle MC-116М went into mass production. Nevertheless, the specific characteristics, labor intensity of production and tactical niche affected the pace of production. Rifles of this type are produced in small batches by order of various structures from the Ministry of Defense, the Ministry of the Interior, the Federal Security Service, etc. Thus, the total number of MC-116М rifles produced may not exceed a few hundred.

According to the manufacturer, the rifle can be equipped with two types of barrels, designed for different cartridges. The main ammunition is a domestic 7,62x54 mm R. In addition, it is possible to issue weapons under the patron of 7,62x51 mm NATO. In this version, the MTs-116M rifle is offered for export.

At the beginning of 2015, the first photographs and videotapes appeared, in which were shown the arrows of the Syrian army with the rifles MC-116M. This was the first evidence of the supply of such weapons to friendly Syria. In the future, Russian precision rifles repeatedly flashed in the new chronicles of the war. The details of the use of such weapons have not been clarified, but it can be assumed that their use makes it possible to effectively hit the enemy's manpower, support the advancing units with fire and solve other combat missions.


Syrian sniper, snapshot of November-December 2015. Photo by Wikimedia Commons


The sniper rifle MTs-116M is a further development of sports weapons, which made it possible to achieve high performance. This weapon has been used for a long time by the Russian military and security forces, however, it is mainly used only during trainings and exercises. The supply of rifles to Syria made it possible to test these weapons in real conflict. Judging by the fact that the exploitation of such weapons continues, MC-116M has proven itself well, and the original approach to creating a rifle has been fully justified.


On the materials of the sites:
http://kbptula.ru/
http://world.guns.ru/
http://gunrf.ru/
http://rg.ru/
http://vestnik-rm.ru/
http://imp-navigator.livejournal.com/
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  1. Vladimirets
    Vladimirets 14 December 2015 07: 59 New
    26
    The photo where the girls stuck out the rifle barrel from the embrasure suggests that, to put it mildly, they are not very professional snipers. request
    1. Kalmar
      Kalmar 14 December 2015 10: 45 New
      +9
      The quadruple photo (with a Syrian sniper-man) is also strange, it looks like a collage. "Sniper" is standing in an open area in full growth, not even pretending to try to disguise. And a machine gun dangling on one shoulder with accurate shooting is unlikely to contribute.
      1. bionik
        bionik 14 December 2015 17: 34 New
        +1
        Quote: Kalmar
        Fourth photo (with a Syrian sniper man)

        And the grenade launcher then has GP-30M.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. moskowit
      moskowit 14 December 2015 16: 55 New
      +4
      Well, you can’t keep up with the comments. Be sure to get ahead .... Just kidding. Everything is correct. Staged photo. Yes, and the girl herself with a rifle only observed shooting from a rifle. Notice how she sits uncomfortably ....
      1. Lt. Air Force stock
        Lt. Air Force stock 14 December 2015 23: 57 New
        0
        Why are they still releasing rifles with a sliding shutter, and not self-loading? It takes time to jerk the shutter after a shot, with self-loading rifles you can fire single-handedly without removing your hand from the trigger.
        1. tracer
          tracer 15 December 2015 00: 34 New
          +3
          Because the accuracy of bolt rifles is higher.
        2. Xsanchez
          Xsanchez 15 December 2015 00: 42 New
          +1
          Of course, I myself am not a sniper, but I guess why self-loading rifles are almost never used by snipers. On manual reloading rifles it is easier to increase accuracy in production: there are simply fewer systems hanging on the barrel. After all, a sniper does not need a high reloading speed, the main thing is accuracy. from SKS sniper rifles, due to reduced accuracy.
        3. Xsanchez
          Xsanchez 15 December 2015 00: 42 New
          0
          Of course, I myself am not a sniper, but I guess why self-loading rifles are almost never used by snipers. On manual reloading rifles it is easier to increase accuracy in production: there are simply fewer systems hanging on the barrel. After all, a sniper does not need a high reloading speed, the main thing is accuracy. from SKS sniper rifles, due to reduced accuracy.
        4. Xsanchez
          Xsanchez 15 December 2015 00: 42 New
          0
          Of course, I myself am not a sniper, but I guess why self-loading rifles are almost never used by snipers. On manual reloading rifles it is easier to increase accuracy in production: there are simply fewer systems hanging on the barrel. After all, a sniper does not need a high reloading speed, the main thing is accuracy. from SKS sniper rifles, due to reduced accuracy.
        5. Xsanchez
          Xsanchez 15 December 2015 00: 42 New
          0
          Of course, I myself am not a sniper, but I guess why self-loading rifles are almost never used by snipers. On manual reloading rifles it is easier to increase accuracy in production: there are simply fewer systems hanging on the barrel. After all, a sniper does not need a high reloading speed, the main thing is accuracy. from SKS sniper rifles, due to reduced accuracy.
        6. avdkrd
          avdkrd 15 December 2015 19: 08 New
          +2
          Quote: Lt. Air Force stock
          Why are they still releasing rifles with a sliding shutter, and not self-loading? It takes time to jerk the shutter after a shot, with self-loading rifles you can fire single-handedly without removing your hand from the trigger.

          A rifle with automatic equipment obviously loses in accuracy to the sliding bolt. There is really one point - the purpose of the SV. An automatic SV is needed for a sniper in a motorized rifle platoon. The so-called tactical snipers, in the ASP, for this simply the most trained shooter are equipped with low-magnification optics. SVD in this niche is probably the best in terms of the combination of characteristics. A bolt rifle is more effective than an automatic rifle at a range of over 600m and positional actions, while an automatic is better in dynamic combat, when the situation is changing rapidly and the sniper is used not for "hunting", but for direct support.
          For a 7.62mm bolt rifle, probably not enough - the advantage in the range in front of the same SVD is minimal, and the fire power is lower. For a bolt, I think 338 caliber cartridges (8.6mm) are preferable, here the range also increases significantly (up to 1.5km) and the weight remains acceptable, and 7.62 is not there.
          Rifles are needed both automatic and bolt, the first for the troops as tactical, the second for professionals for "hunting".
          1. Sergeantpro
            Sergeantpro 22 December 2015 11: 07 New
            0
            I would not be so categorical about 7,62. Even the same 500 meters is very far away.
            In reality, the performance of the SVD is taken at 500-600 meters, when up to 98 meters are fully operational from the same SV-1000 (high-class arrows)
            Also .308 Win. If the M-21 with its 2MOA with a guarantee shoots at 400-500 meters, then the Rem700 even works with the same short barrel at the same 1000 meters, though the high-class shooter, as in the case of the SV-98.
            Well, in combat conditions and out of 338 it is unreasonable to set tasks at distances of more than 1400 meters.
            1. Grid
              Grid 17 May 2017 16: 20 New
              0
              Even the same 500 meters is very far away.

              Yeah. Two decades ago, it was a very real distance for me. And with an open sight, well, the truth is on the growth figure.
              1. Sergeantpro
                Sergeantpro 19 May 2017 00: 11 New
                0
                Well, I wrote: "the effectiveness of the SVD is taken in 500-600 meters."
                The whole problem is that the shooting range and the battlefield are two different things. My brother and I shot at a speed range from two SVD at full-length and machine-guns at a distance of 350 to 600 m. He is with optics, I am open. I got the Coke pack. ) However, in a real battle growth figures, especially in the field will not. This shows the experience of both mine, and my colleagues, and my brother. For SVD, real goals beyond 600 are very few, and getting from 800 or 1000 is out of the category of luck - "I’ll get it - well, I won’t get it at least like that.
  2. marat023
    marat023 14 December 2015 08: 26 New
    +8
    yes this photo for show was made where the girl with a rifle
  3. Fantazer911
    Fantazer911 14 December 2015 10: 02 New
    0
    Why is it so rude, that they’ll blow a little fan in real battles and it will be clear, but what does she hold and how to judge herself, a girl to a sniper, especially if it’s not a crypt, then there’s no point in laying down her position (with mattresses, etc. .in the war because of a change of position, it makes no sense to prepare a place for a long stay in the position, shot back and changed position, not those conditions
  4. aviator1913
    aviator1913 14 December 2015 10: 02 New
    0
    Has anyone shot this rifle? What are the reviews? I read somewhere about its not high accuracy and poor ergonomics. Maybe it's a rumor. I would like to know from the operators.
  5. Vega
    Vega 14 December 2015 10: 40 New
    +6
    Shot, the unit is good, accuracy and reliability are high. Ergonomics was done under a man.
    1. aviator1913
      aviator1913 14 December 2015 12: 31 New
      +1
      In comparison with CB-98, who do you think is better? And in range, is 800 meters real or just for luck?
  6. SPLV
    SPLV 14 December 2015 12: 45 New
    +2
    As a layman to a professional: Dear author! Everything would be fine, but one snag - I remember, the MC (TsKIB model) is a purely civilian model, in contrast to the OTs (TsKIB weapon). Perhaps I do not know, the labeling of products has recently been changed, but if this did not happen, then hunting weapons should not be called sniper (military), or try to find the real name of this sample used for military treatment, in order to avoid confusion.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 14 December 2015 17: 07 New
      +2
      Quote: SPLV
      I remember that the MC (TsKIB model) is a purely civilian model, in contrast to the OTs (TsKIB weapon). Perhaps I do not know, the labeling of products has recently been changed, but if this did not happen, then hunting weapons should not be called sniper (military)

      Logically, you are right, but she has just such a name.
  7. Wolka
    Wolka 14 December 2015 13: 06 New
    0
    Yes, even call me a pet, the machine is kind (trunk), and as for ergonomics, then everyone brings the weapon to himself, after which it becomes a nominal one by definition and in fact ...
  8. the47th
    the47th 14 December 2015 14: 02 New
    +6
    By the way, this year it was modernized. Now it has appeared: DTK, a plastic box, and also versions under .300WM and .338LM.
    1. Massik
      Massik 14 December 2015 18: 58 New
      0
      Something I hardly believe, have they really been able to master the store and the flame arrester is not SVDshny?
    2. tracer
      tracer 15 December 2015 00: 37 New
      0
      Good rifle.
  9. wicked pinnochio
    wicked pinnochio 14 December 2015 17: 06 New
    0
    But how great is a rifle in itself?
    1. alex-cn
      alex-cn 15 December 2015 07: 01 New
      +2
      In principle, the TsKIB target rifles, although they were never the best in the world, were on a very high score. But how to combine sports and military weapons - This is to Dragunov and his students.
      At first I thought it was an adaptation of 13 models, But there’s definitely a Mosin’s shutter, but here it’s like a Mauser. I still don’t quite understand why the sneller didn’t take root in sniper rifles of this class. That is, there is some kind of understanding, but still there is no fully reasoned.
      1. gross kaput
        gross kaput 15 December 2015 21: 21 New
        0
        Quote: alex-cn
        At first I thought it was an adaptation of 13 models

        Well, actually, the name itself hints that this is a variant of the MTs-116 rifle that appeared back in 1962 ..
        Quote: alex-cn
        and here it’s like a Mauser

        The usual longitudinally sliding shutter with locking at two stops, not a single characteristic of the Mauser features (a wide non-rotating ejector, a third combat stop in the area of ​​the clutch, a characteristic fuse on the shutter clutch) is missing.
        1. alex-cn
          alex-cn 16 December 2015 17: 58 New
          0
          It is not a matter of a characteristic fuse; there are many options for a Mauser shutter. I looked more at the location of the shutter handle and combat stops. At the Mauser, it is front, which is considered better for the accuracy of the battle.
          1. gross kaput
            gross kaput 17 December 2015 11: 58 New
            0
            Quote: alex-cn
            Mauser has it front

            Front what? fighting stops? So the vast majority of systems have front ones, including three, the thing with the Mauser 98's fighting stops is that firstly there are three of them - two front main ones and a third one located at the back of the handle, secondly, unlike the same three are located not on a separate rotary larva, but directly on the stem. The platoon handle at the Mauser is just located behind, unlike the mosquito where it is in the middle of the shutter, which is why I had to make a long slot along the top of the receiver.
            1. alex-cn
              alex-cn 17 December 2015 16: 36 New
              0
              in any case, I have repeatedly come across the opinion that the Mauser shutter due to the greater rigidity of the structure, and a more successful arrangement of the stops provides greater accuracy of the battle due to less vibration of the stem. how this is connected, I do not quite understand, but nonetheless.
              And as for the rest ..., somehow in a review of European hunting rifles it was stated that about 80% are equipped with a Mauser shutter, in one version or another.
  10. fitter71
    fitter71 25 March 2016 22: 49 New
    0
    Quote: Karjala
    The Finnish TIKKA T3 under 7.62 NATO weighs 3.6 kg. With this approach to business, really, no matter what you do, you get a Kalashnikov assault rifle.

    not the coolest special, but AK is not so heavy. but for sniper weapons, weight is by no means a definite minus; for accuracy, weight is more likely to be good. and since this rifle is not for running errands across the battlefield - not such a minus.