Military Review

Russian flint cavalry gun of the lower ranks of the sample 1839 of the year


There was an opportunity to talk about another flint pistol of Russian production, which was in service with the Russian army, as well as show various photos of this weapons. This time it is the Russian cavalry flintlock pistol of the lower ranks of the 1839 model of the year. The site previously told about the Russian flint pistol sample 1809 and its variants. The 1839 model gun of the year is essentially an upgrade of this weapon.

The gun consists of a bed, a barrel, a lock, a trigger mechanism and a brass instrument. The total length of the gun 398 mm, weight 1240 grams.

The Russian cavalry flintlock pistol of the lower ranks of the 1839 sample of the year has a shorter handguard than the 1809 pistol of the year. Sights are a brass front sight installed in the upper part of the barrel and slotted rear sight, placed in the upper part of the bolt.

A flintlock is installed on the left side of the box. The powder shelf of the castle is located at a small angle relative to the axial line of the bore.

The seed hole is approximately at the level of the upper edge of the powder shelf.

The flintlock keypad is slightly recessed into the surface of the bed.

Barrel pistol cylindrical shape. The outer diameter of the barrel smoothly decreases from the breech to the muzzle. In the breech, the trunk is slightly turned and has an octahedral cross-section with rounded edges. The length of the barrel 245 mm, caliber 18,5 mm.

A seed hole is drilled on the right side of the trunk. Breech screw screwed into the breech. The breech screw has holes for accommodating the cross screw for fastening the lock and the screw connecting the bushing of the breech screw with the trigger mask. In the upper part of the breech screw, a slotted pillar of a semicircular shape is made.

The pistol bed is made of dark brown wood. In the lower part of the handle there is a brass shank with curved side beams.

Cuts are made in the bed to place the barrel, lock, trigger face, trigger guard and other parts of the device.

The trigger guard is made of brass. The front part of the trigger guard is arrow shaped. In the front of the trigger guard, there is an eyelet at the top (vertical tide-stand) with a hole for the transverse stud. The eyelet is installed in the corresponding cut-out of the bed and fixed in it with a pin.

In the rear part of the trigger guard, there is a hole for a mounting screw connecting the trigger guard with an oval face placed on the back of the handle. The outer surface of the trigger guard is polished, the inner one is subjected only to roughing.

On the left side of the box there is a cutout for the lock mask and holes for the fastening screws of the lock are drilled.

Lock mask is made of brass and has a "G" -shaped shape. The face of the mask is polished, the reverse has traces of rough machining.

On the right side of the box is carved under a flintlock and its protruding parts.

Drop guise of teardrop shape. In the central part of the mask there is a rectangular cutout for placing the trigger. In the front part there is a threaded hole for fastening the screw connecting the tail of the breech screw and the trigger guard.

Curved trigger. The needle of the trigger at the end is bent into a ring. The screw for fastening the shank of the breech screw has a semicircular head. Screws fastening the keypad with flat heads. Screws have different lengths. The long screw, in addition to fixing the keypad, is additionally intended for fastening the bounding plate of the forearm tip to the locklock.

The flintlock mounted on the Russian flint cavalry pistol of the lower ranks of the 1839 model of the year is an ordinary battery lock. On the outside of the keypad, a trigger is installed, a powder shelf with a lid (flint) and a podgivivnaya spring.

On the inside of the keypad, there is a combat spring, an ankle with a larva and a trigger lever with a spring.

The powder shelf of the lock is brass; it is attached to the keypad with a screw from the inside.

In the front part of the keypad and the rear part of the tide, located behind the powder shelf, there are threaded holes for fastening the lock with screws in the box.

In the front of the box is set brass handpiece, made in the form of a ring.

The tip of the forearm secures the trunk to the box and protects the forearm from cracking. On the left side, a restrictive plate is soldered to the tip, which is fastened to the keyhole with a screw.

On the back of the bed is placed the guise of mounting the trigger guard screw.

The monogram of Emperor Nicholas 1 is made on the face of the mask. On the back of the mask in the tide made a threaded hole.

On the surface of the keypad marked in two lines in the form of the stigma of the Tula arms factory with the year of issue of weapons "TULA / 1843".

Illegible stamp applied in the upper breech.

On the tail of the breech screw, a horseshoe-shaped stamp is applied from the inside.

The front arrowed part of the trigger guard is stamped in the form of the letters "MG".

A similar stamp is applied on the right side of the shank of the pistol grip.

Photos of the Russian cavalry flintlock pistol of the lower ranks of the 1839 sample of the year were kindly provided by a private collector residing in one of the EU countries.

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  1. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 21 November 2015 07: 31
    I wonder what combat characteristics such a pistol had? The caliber is very solid. Got it - it won't get up. And at what distance and where could you get? Of course, I will not give a miss into the map from the familiar pistols "in twenty steps, of course.
    1. Vladimirets
      Vladimirets 21 November 2015 15: 36
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      The caliber is very solid. Hit - do not get up. And at what distance and where could one get?

      The caliber of 18,5 mm is the 12th. In fact, this is a shotgun of a 12-gauge hunting rifle, and very short. I'm more interested in the issue of gunpowder, old smoky gunpowder, unlike modern nitropowders, burn quite slowly, did the charge manage to burn completely in a fairly short barrel? request Accordingly, what speed did he give the shell?
  2. lilian
    lilian 21 November 2015 07: 44
    It would seem a primitive weapon, but how much time it took to describe. And to make it, probably a lot of man-hours were spent on a piece.
    Thanks for the photo and description, for the first time I met in such detail with pistols.
  3. sub307
    sub307 21 November 2015 07: 50
    Great article! Thank! For the first time I read in such detail about this weapon.
  4. avt
    avt 21 November 2015 09: 52
    good We can say the complete assembly / disassembly of weapons. The eye rejoices, even read diagonally. laughing
  5. tasha
    tasha 21 November 2015 13: 19
    The article is good, but there are not enough photos in a cocked state.
  6. rumpeljschtizhen
    rumpeljschtizhen 21 November 2015 15: 26
    informative article. Sample 1839 yes ...... like that in the Crimean war with a silicon battery lock instead of a capsule one (although they had time to translate the rifles)
    1. tasha
      tasha 21 November 2015 16: 41
      This is someone as lucky. For the 1853 war of the year was for example
      html - alteration of the hero of the article.

      The complete information is:
      Alexey Klishin - Russian Small Arms from the Crimean War
      1. moskowit
        moskowit 21 November 2015 20: 04
        Thanks for the info. I will certainly take advantage.
  7. Ilya Mikhalych
    Ilya Mikhalych 21 November 2015 19: 57
    The article is interesting, + 1. I’m wondering how such weapons were made. The texture of some parts shows casting, but some parts of the castle are as if carved. Really then there were already turning and milling machines?
    1. tasha
      tasha 21 November 2015 20: 05
      The first lathe appeared before our era. In general, see Andrei Konstantinovich Nartov.
  8. moskowit
    moskowit 21 November 2015 20: 03
    Thank you, very clearly. You can say the assembly drawing with detailed details. I wish every article on small arms would have been presented like that. Still a specification of materials, it would be super at all ...