Striving for world hegemony, Washington is imposing on its allies the deployment on their territory of their defensive and offensive weapons, including a missile defense system. According to the Pentagon, it is designed to protect Europe from a missile threat from the East. However, sober-minded Western politicians have already begun to ask the question: Is this air defense system as effective as it is advertised by the United States or is this being done to ensure ever-greater military dependence on Washington?
I, of course, apologize, but just have to return to this topic. Surprisingly, he did not see a logical analysis of the essence of the incident.
Let's, as usual, "from the stove." The stove in this case is the Tomahawk cruise missile. I remind you what it is. The BGM-109 Tomahawk is an American multi-purpose, high-precision subsonic cruise missile (hereinafter referred to as the CD) for long-range, tactical and strategic purposes. It flies at extremely low altitudes with rounding of the terrain. It is in service with submarines and surface ships of the US Navy since the year 1983. Going into technical details too deeply makes no sense, you just need to remember the key concepts. 1) 1983 year; 2) supersmall heights; 3) on ships and submarines - that is, along the entire coast of the former USSR, now Russia; 4) range of a modern modification of the RGM / UGM-109E Tomahawk Block IV - up to 2 500 km.
Why enough? Enough to understand the response of the military-industrial complex of the USSR and the military-industrial complex of the Russian Federation. All anti-aircraft missiles, all radar systems from the 70-s (the "Tomahawks" began to develop from the 1972 year, and KGB agents not only live on TV), initially at the R & D stage (research and development) took into account the existence of the CD and the urgent need for the ability to destroy them.
Slowly, by letter: the USSR Air Defense learned to destroy the KR from the end of the 70s theoretically, from the 1983 - practically. Your humble servant (author - Konstantin Borisov, ed.) 2, conscripts held in ZRV (anti-aircraft missile troops) from 1984 to 1986. By virtue of this, I have the right to report: even the old, Vietnamese war SNR-75, who by that time reached the modernization called “Desna”, could shoot at the CD. CR was shot at CHP-125, CHP-200. From 1986, the SNR-300 came to the air defense system - they shot down the CD even better. I am writing the “SNR” according to the soldier’s habit - the “missile guidance station”, although the latter two letters are not used more often.
C-300, C-400 - this is what was created and put into service in front of even the youngest readers, and now we are talking about C-500. I assure you - all this technique can knock down the CD. As a guidance operator, I still remember what horror for us these CRs were at the test sites ... They rushed about the monitor, trying to jump out of its limits, they "flew" into the background from the relief, could turn almost 180 degrees and jump out capture. And we only reacted with our eyes and hands - against the Tomahawks on-board computers. Our lesion rate is 0,1 at best. 1 of 10! Therefore, the air defense missile defense system, which covered strategic objects, stood in three echelons. Therefore, the ZRV was reinforced by interceptors, while front-line air defense stood close to the objects - those designed to destroy everything that flies above the parapet of the trench.
This multi-layered system, I repeat, lined up from the beginning of 80's. It was improved by automated control systems (automatic control system), radio engineering troops put into operation more and more new radars, missiles were upgraded, fighter-interceptors became “meaner”, Shilki built fire walls even at night ... In the form in which Russian air defense exists on Today's day is a true work of military art. Beautiful, reliable, perfect. And - very expensive. Highly. Why about the price suddenly remembered? Now I will explain.
We turn around to face a probable opponent. What is NATO in Europe today? All our ears buzzed that there is in the charter of this organization “the famous item 5”, according to which “when attacking one NATO country to defend it, all the others will stand up at once”. Because "Boyztsa, shitty, we will kill and tear you all at once!" Heard of course? In the days of historical materialism, the party taught us not to steal the primary sources from small things. Therefore - read the original. Here it is, that same article number 5:
“The Contracting Parties agree that an armed attack on one or more of them in Europe or North America will be considered as an attack on them as a whole, and therefore agree that if such an armed attack takes place, each of these, in the exercise of the right to individual or collective self-defense, recognized by Article 51 of the United Nations Charter, will assist the Contracting Party subjected to, or the Contracting Parties msya such attacks by the immediate implementation of such individual or joint action as it deems necessary, including the use of armed force, to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic area. "
Read? I highlight the main thing:
"... each of them ... will help ... as it deems necessary"
We translate from bureaucratic to universal. That attacked the green Martian men on ... well, for example, Latvia. All other NATO countries, as soon as the news of this terrible horror reached them, begin ... what, to fight? Nope For-se-give. Meet headquarters, parliaments, governments to decide: what do we, the brothers, consider it necessary? Estonia considers it necessary ... crap mount dug-out walls. Turkey believes that it is better to chew dried apricots. Cyprus believes that it would be necessary to go to the store for a new geographical atlas, because on its headquarters maps Latvia is still part of the USSR. After a couple of days or weeks of meetings, the NATO countries begin ... what, to fight? Indian hut you! You need to get in touch with each other, agree who is the first, who is the second, who agrees only to wash the diapers and put Coca Cola in the fridge. "Guys, who will bring shells?" Ay, who as with jet fuel? Wow, Canadians are full ?! Well, give me a ride, we’ll sweep the takeoff ... "
The 5 article is no guarantee for an immediate, powerful collaborative response. Whoever decides that it is necessary to harness is harnessing. Well, when will agree, in what place, by what forces and when. Who decides that the best tactic - to hide in the house - hide. And there is no way to punish for this, there is no punitive measures in the NATO charter to those who consider it necessary to use the tactics of “Whatever happens”.
And what, I ask, then you need to be afraid of NATO? Yes, because there is a damnable little tree in the sea-ocean, in which they also know how to read the 5 article. And they know very well that all these “NATO allies” and “brothers in arms"Will fight only after powerful kicks and cuffs. But time is also required for kicks with splints, and green Martian men, as shown by the past year, will not give time. They guys, of course, polite, but some quick. Never Estonians. So, all that is left to the overseas democrats is to be the first to harness oneself while the diplomats kick and slap. And how to stay the first? The answer is only one: you need to have your own military bases in the territories of ALL NATO allies. And keep there technique. And keep people there. And be ready to really fight. Sad for the Americans, but these are “European values”.
And let's stop wondering that the Americans strive to regularly clean the pockets of all of Europe - it is the Americans that represent the first echelon of the defense, the military fist of NATO. Do you want to save on defense, to keep especially puppet armies with a set of cans, which you call “armored armada”? Yes, the problems are known, but ... “If you don’t want to feed your army, you will feed someone else’s” this time. Two - "Who is having a girl dinner, that is her dancing." Because a) feed, what are you standing? and b) bend down and pick it up hem, it is not so painful ...
Okay, enough of the lyrics. Let's explore the list of US bases outside the United States. No, not all - we have already seen the defeat zones “Calibres”, so we'll see in them.
Bahrain - Ise air base
Belgium - Chieveres Air Base
Belgium - Kleine Brogel airbase
Bulgaria - Bezmer Air Base
Bulgaria - Graf-Ignatievo air base
United Kingdom - RAF Lakenthealth, Brandon, Suffolk
United Kingdom - RAF Menwith Hill, Yorkshire Dales
United Kingdom - RAF Mildenhall, Mildenhall
United Kingdom - RAF Croughton, Upper Heyford
United Kingdom - RAF Alconbury, Oxfordshire
Germany - Ansbach
Germany - Airbase Geilenkirchen
Germany - Ramstein
Germany - Spangdahlem Air base
Greenland - Tule AB
Greenland - Guam - Andersen Air Force Base
Spain - the base of 1 in Andalusia
Spain - the base of 2 in Andalusia
Italy - Aviano Air Base
Italy - San Vito dei Normann Air Station
Qatar - Al Udeid Base
Netherlands - Joint Force Command Brunssum
Norway - base in Stavanger
United Arab Emirates - Al Dafra base
Oman - air base in Mazir
Oman - Tumrate air base
Portugal - Lajes Field
Saudi Arabia - Eskan Village airbase
Turkey - Incirlik Air Base
Bahrain - Naval Support Activity Bahrain
Bahrain - Naval Detacment Dubai
Greece - Souda Bay
Spain - Rota Naval Station
Italy - Naval Support Activity Naples (US 6 fleet)
Italy - Naval Air Station Siginella, Sicily
Italy - Naval Support Activity Gaeta
I do not consider land bases, marine bases. Aviation and the fleet are carriers of strategic weapons, first strike weapons. What should be ready for battle 24 hours a day in order to be able to respond to a hypothetical attack of Russia or deliver a preemptive strike in case of aggression. And these are objects, I repeat, located in the zone of destruction of the Caliber. If these facilities are destroyed, disabled, the strategic balance in favor of Russia will be upset. Therefore, these objects must be reliably protected, including from air attacks. It seems that the logic of reflection is not broken anywhere yet?
Minimum - 36 objects. It remains to be understood - are they covered by air defense from the attack with “Gauges” or not? Yes, yes, I do ask a question with a question, that's right. Before 7 in October, 2015 was in service with Russian cruise missiles. Could a mentally normal American designer of anti-aircraft missiles lay in his creations a safety factor in the event of an attack of what-no? We study.
I do not see the slightest point in considering the missile defense of the American ships - the “Calibers” did not take the capitalist obligation not to fly to the target over land, which we clearly saw when hitting the Syrian basmachs. The speed of the "Caliber" - 0,8 M (Mach), which is in terms of the usual - 989 km / h, they went to the target 50 meters from the ground. Since this is a modern fight, let's recalculate the speed more precisely. 989km / h = 16,48 km / min = 0,274 km / sec.
The main US anti-aircraft missile early warning system today is the Patriot PAC-3, which was put into service in the 2001 year. There is nothing newer. According to his TTH, "the probability of a tactical missile being hit is 0,6-0,8." As if all 2 were lucky, the 10 missiles could reach the target. Not bad? We read once again: we are talking about a tactical rocket. What is this most tactical missile, obviously from its more accurate name: front-line ballistic missile. Ballistic. That is, its trajectory is not like that of a cruise missile, it follows a ballistic trajectory. Consequently, a remarkable ratio in the Patriot’s performance characteristics is not about the Kabir KP. And there is no reason to be surprised: the latest modification of the Patriot was put into service on 2001, the Caliber started this month.
But, being a skeptic, I began to read a little into the performance characteristics of the Patriot components. Well, you never know: just forgot to write about the CD, and in fact bring them down to the “Patriot” - like two ... bytes to send. Here is the Patriot radar: AN / MPQ-65. We read:
"The radar is set in the direction of the expected threat and maintains this position in the process of firing."
That is - if the direction of “arrival” of Caliber is known in advance - we work, if we need to react in the improvisation mode - “we turn the entire radar relative to the trailer”. Time of such a turn, sorry, I could not find yet. Suppose, for example, 10 seconds. The caliber during this time will fly, as we have just considered, 2,7 km. We read further.
"Homing time - 8-10 seconds"
Let 8 be kinder! Caliber during this time has passed 2,2 km. That is, for the time while the radar is spinning and pointing, Caliber approached 5 km. Here is another feature of this radar:
"The detection range of the EPR target in 0,1 sq. M (the head of the rocket) - 70 km."
Total: while the radar caught and began to accompany, Caliber was already in 65 km from the target. The radar "took" the target, the command went to the Patriot missile. Missile - MIM 104. A good rocket, no words - it has speed up to 1,7km / s, that is, as much as 6 times as fast as the Caliber. No problem shoot down? There is. The minimum height is 60 meters. The caliber flies on the 50. NDA ... But, as an anti-aircraft gunner, I report - you can get on 50 meters. It is necessary that this very MIM intercepted Caliber at the stage of gaining its height - a bale, and hit. We on CHP 75 - fell. 1 times from 10, but fell! The main thing - the angle of the launcher to have time to pick up so that the anti-aircraft missile and the CR crossed at that very hypotenuse. And right here ... TTH PU "Patriot":
"The launching angle of the rockets is fixed - 38 ° from the horizon line"
It's not me who composed it, honestly! Fixed. Do you remember trigonometry? We have a leg in 50 meters and the opposite angle 38 degrees. The hypotenuse is a leg divided by the sine of the opposite angle. You can count them yourself, you can believe the word - somehow. Sine 38 degrees = 0,615. 50 / 0,615 = 81,3 meter. It's not me, it's Pythagoras who is to blame for the fact that the Patriot is able to knock down the Caliber at a distance of 81,3 meters from the launcher. Warhead Caliber weighs, recall, 450 kg. You know, I somehow do not want to comment on the explosion of 450 kg of TNT in 80 meters from me. And after passing the 81,3 meter, all that MIM 104 can do is go 10 meters above Caliber. The warhead can be eroded directly above the Caliber, but the beam of striking elements cannot be directed vertically downwards. It turns out that the defeat ratio at the amazing work of the Patriot operators (and giving a signal to undermine specifically OVER Caliber at the speed of the latter almost 1000km / h is something daunting) will not rise above 0,1.
With the "Patriot", like, figured out. What options are there yet? Means of electronic warfare - electronic warfare. We put the most powerful interference, break the connection with GLONASS, Calibers go crazy and fly away in different directions, without getting to the goal. Is it logical It would seem yes, but Caliber is in many ways an analogue of Tomahawk. And the “Tomahawks” did not stray towards our radio troops in the direction of: the on-board computers have the coordinates of the target. Tomahawks reacted to the limit to the limit simply - they ceased to perceive any signals at all and went on commands from the on-board computer. Of course, we don’t know anything about Caliber’s computers from the open press, but I see no reason to suppose that they are “dumber” than those on the Tomahawks.
Hypothetically, we continue to track the approach of Calibres to the goal. 70 km - the Patriots were involved, but they couldn't do anything. Is there anything in the arsenal of NATO that can destroy the Calibers on a smaller distance? I searched for a long time, but still found it.
Norwegian Advanced Surface-to-Air Missile System - NASAMS. “A medium-range mobile air defense missile system is designed to hit air targets at low and medium altitudes in all weather conditions.” Upgraded to index II, it covers all air bases in Norway from 1994. Its performance characteristics make it possible to “grab” a target at 40 km from launchers, and at that, at 30 meters from the ground as the minimum height. Recall what 40 km is at Caliber speed. 2 minutes 25 seconds of flight. The reaction time of the complex (from the moment when the radar "grabbed" the target before the launch of the anti-missile from the launcher) - 10 seconds, during this time Calibers are getting closer by almost 3 km. That launched a NASAMS II rocket complex, which has a speed of 1020 km / hour.
A beautiful picture - two rockets are rushing towards each other in the air, the rendezvous speed is 2 000 km / h! 1 minute 11 seconds before the "meeting", that is, the caliber can be shot down at a distance 17,5 km from the target. Only I was going to be happy for NATO, how my eyes rested in the performance characteristics of this very NASAMS II radar. This radar is called AN / TPQ-64 - this product is part of the complex with the 1999 of the year. The radar has such an indicator as the period of updating the combat situation data - the speed with which the radar records changes in the position of the target and its missile. So with this AN / TPQ-64 it amounts to ... 2 seconds. And two seconds at the speed of convergence in 2000 km / h - this is, sorry, more than a kilometer! That's the whole reason why this complex is only in Norway for the time being: the radar does not allow for an anti-aircraft missile to be deployed to the CD.
The development of the Norwegians, of course, was noticed by the Americans. Since the beginning of 2000-x, the American manufacturer of the Patriot complexes - Raytheon has joined the Norwegians. In October, 2006 reported that the development of their joint air defense system - SLAMRAAM (Surface Launched Advanced Medium Range Air-to-Air Missile) was completed. It sounds beautiful, but the only one news about this - the fact that in the summer of 2009, this complex successfully shot down at a distance of 30 km at an extremely low altitude ... drone. Since then, no news has been received, and the SLAMRAAM complex itself, which was scheduled for the 2012 year, did not enter service. The reasons are not voiced - most likely, he is so called and “not brought to mind”. Beating drones is one thing, but getting into Caliber with its 1000 km / h and the ability to maneuver is something completely different ...
We continue to "follow" the flight of the Caliber. 70 km to the target - Patriot flew by, 40 km - NASAMS flew by and hypothetical SLAMRAAM. What else is in stock?
The Avenger short-range anti-aircraft missile system (ZRK) is intended for hitting air targets at ranges of 0.5-5.5 km, altitudes of 0.5-3.8 km on heading courses and in pursuit. I began to read the description of this "Avenger". Got to this phrase:
"The operator accompanies the goal visually, using an optical sight, or using a thermal imager"
... Yes, and stopped reading. Visually accompany the target, which for 1 seconds moves to 270 meters, and also performs the “Snake” maneuver, when you have only 5,5 km (20 seconds) left in your stock only Hollywood heroes can. Yes, and that, if the Calibers go "flock", as in Syrian Basmach, strabismus will work ...
Let's summarize. 36 strategic objects of the US Army located in the zone of destruction of the Caliber missiles from the impact of these missiles are not covered by anything. Base fleet and aviation are not protected by anything. And yes - for me, these words sound like music.
Let's estimate what happened. If the US wants to preserve these objects, they, roughly speaking, need to throw all their forces at R & D and be able to create in the shortest possible time what they have never had before: anti-aircraft missile systems capable of destroying the CD. How long it will take - I can not predict. The “Patriots” were designed and manufactured by Raytheon, I don’t have a clue how things are going there. In 70-s, when the system, called the “Patriot”, was developed, R & D, test launches, debugging took 6 years. It cost 2,3 billion then dollars. In the current 1 dollars, the Patriot division costs 1 billion dollars, which are all 4 launchers. How much are the new Caliber - no one will say. The export version (up to 300 km range) is sold at 3.6 million dollars, but what is the rate of profit there is again unknown. Let 3,0 - sorry, or something. Let the Americans use the same 1 billion for the new air defense system - they will hurt, they will save, they will buy paint from the Chinese. Let - according to the Russian tradition - 100 million dollars stolen. The output will still get 300 Caliber on the 1 Division from 4 PU ...
A year ago, a certain B. Obama spoke about the Russian economy, "torn to shreds." After October 7, these are the words of a man who simply does not have air force bases in Europe and the Middle East. We live in an amazing time, gentlemen! .. The arms race, among other reasons, once ruined the USSR - there is such a well-founded version. 36 strategic objects not protected by anything. 5-6 years that are needed to close them from Calibres. 5-6 has been with Russia for the purpose of riveting, riveting and riveting these very Gages and carriers for them.
Today Calibers can start from tiny “Buyanov-M”, from 636.3 class submarines, from 11661 class patrol ships. "Tomahawks" can start from airplanes, we have not heard about the fact that Calibres can do it. But, strictly speaking, how does the air-based CD differ from the sea-based CD? The fact that an airborne KR does not need the first, accelerating, engine — from under the wing of an airplane, a rocket starts at the speed of an airplane. The length of the Caliber is 8 meters, without one engine step, it will be shorter to fit on the suspension. If the designers unknown to us managed, without changing the dimensions of the Calibres (compared to the export versions), “teach” them to fly 10 times as large as the export version, then they can be assured that they will overcome the Air-Caliber calibers.
Why did I talk about economics? By signing the INF Treaty in 1987, the Americans deliberately removed their Tomahawks from the field of its operation. In the zone of their defeat, there is a huge part of Russia and the fact that strategic objects are securely covered by a layered air defense system is a legacy from the USSR, but not collapsed, but reinforced by the newest C-300 of the third generation, C-400 and the Pantsiry. How much it cost, what kind of effort it required - our military and workers of the military-industrial complex know in detail. Since October 7, the USA and NATO will have to climb into this skin - it is unlikely that the Americans are smiling alone to cover even their objects. But “not our own,” but purely European, is ten times more. Exactly the same way as the Union once did, European NATO countries now need to think about how to close their nuclear power plants, thermal power plants, chemical plants, refineries, hydroelectric dams, their capitals and major cities.
Russia has managed to make the same asymmetrical retaliatory move: Calibres and carriers that can carry them to any point in Europe and the Middle East are many times cheaper than the defunct NATO air defense system that does not exist today and is able to cope with this offensive weaponry. The trick applied by the Americans when signing the INF Treaty, beats them on the forehead - foreheads will have to develop and learn how to produce air defense missiles capable of destroying the CD. This trick beats their wallet: the creation of hundreds of complexes is not the reproduction of dollars on the Fed's computers, and no one can help the exchange.
Does this mean that Russia has achieved a complete and final breakthrough in the military-strategic situation? Not. We have not seen whether the Calibres are able to cope with surface targets, and no one has "canceled" the US carrier groups. But the blow was strong: NATO will have to spend a lot of its resources on the creation of air defense. This gives Russia a head start in creating a new shield against aircraft carrier groups, against the US submarine fleet. This is a huge, hard work, especially given the sad state of the economy. But the fact that Russia turned out to be capable of such a beautiful and effective maneuver as the creation of the newest Caliber makes it possible to look at the situation with somewhat greater optimism.