Military Review

Innovation Day of the Southern Military District: the main battle tank T-90A

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A regular participant in various events and exhibitions is the main battle tank T-90А. Armored vehicles of this type regularly take part in parades, salons of weapons and equipment, as well as in other events. The machine is well known to specialists and amateurs of technology, which, however, does not lead to a decrease in public interest. In early October, the T-90A tank was present at the exhibition "Innovation Day of the Southern Military District".


Like other vehicles of this class, the T-90A tank is designed to combat armored vehicles and enemy fortifications when interacting with infantry and other military branches. As an option to upgrade the base T-90, the T-90A continues to develop the basic ideas laid down in the projects of the T-72 family. Through the use of a set of new equipment, it was possible to significantly increase the characteristics and overall combat effectiveness of the machine. At the same time, the T-90A is not the last representative of its family. Further development tanks The family continued, resulting in the emergence of several new projects.

The tank T-90А is equipped with differentiated anti-shell armor. The frontal projection of the machine is protected by combined armored obstacles on the basis of armor steel. An additional means of countering attacks are dynamic protection blocks on the front hull plate and the turret. Protection of the armored vehicle is also provided by the “Blind-1” opto-electronic countermeasures complex. This system disrupts enemy attacks with infrared spotlights and smoke grenade launchers.



The basic one weapons The tank is a smooth-bore gun-launcher 2A46M caliber 125 mm. The gun is associated with an automatic loader and can use various types of ammunition. The tank ammunition includes armored-piercing and high-explosive fragmentation shells of various types, as well as Invar guided missiles of the Reflex complex.

On one installation with a tool mounted twin machine gun PKTM. Also, for the attack of various light-protected targets, an anti-aircraft machine-gun unit with a large-caliber NSVT or Kord can be used. This device is located above the commander's hatch.

The T-90A tank is equipped with a 1-42 type fire control system. The system includes the 1-46 sight, the commander T01-K04 sighting and observation instrument, the 1-43 information system, the laser range finder and a number of other systems. All of this equipment, as well as a two-plane weapon stabilizer, allow you to determine the target’s location and distance, calculate the required shooting parameters and launch an attack using unguided and guided weapons.

The tank is equipped with a multi-fuel engine B-92C2 with power 1000 hp. With a combat mass at the level of 46,5 T, this power plant allows it to reach speeds up to 60 km / h on the highway. The average speed on a dirt road is within 35-40 km / h.

It is known about the existence of two variants of the T-XNUMHA tanks. The 90 and 2004 modifications have some differences in the sighting equipment. In this case, both cars were built in series and delivered to the troops. According to reports, the release of T-2006 tanks of the 90 modification of the year was only 2004 units, while the tanks of the 32 version of the year were built in the amount of several hundred.

The T-90 tanks, including the “A” modification, due to the relatively large number are present in various ground forces formations. A certain amount of such equipment is also present in the Southern Military District. In early October, one of the main T-90A tanks from the Southern Military District took part in the exhibition “Innovation Day” in Rostov-on-Don.




Frontal hull parts with built-in dynamic protection




Inspection instruments and driver's hatch



Left headlight




Hull board



Exhaust pipe



Rear view



Roof of the engine compartment




Chassis elements




General view of the tower



General view of the 2А46М



Breech gun




Ejector



The muzzle of the trunk



Left spotlight of the complex "Shtora-1"



Right spotlight



The searchlight is mechanically connected to the tool and can swing with it.



Searchlight and dynamic protection units



Dynamic tower defense



Sensors complex "Shtora-1", located above the instrument



Laser irradiation sensors on the roof of the tower



Wind sensor



Gunner's hatch and sight




Machine-gun (dismantled weapons) and the commander's hatch




Commander's optics and machine-gun units




Smoke grenade launchers and other equipment



Photos from the information stand. According to tank crews, the previously presented armored vehicle had just such a coloring.


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  1. Magic archer
    Magic archer 19 October 2015 06: 45 New
    14
    Many thanks to the author! The photos are just great!
    You can blame me, but I have long had a question - why is tank biathlon carried out on T-72! ?? Why not T-90 ?? The same Chinese are bringing their new cars! Indians also have T-90! Are they really not interested in the result? ?? request
    1. Pbs
      Pbs 19 October 2015 10: 41 New
      +4
      Well, it’s considered that this is not a competition of equipment, but of crews. But yes, I personally would be more interested to watch if the competition was held on tanks of different brands. Just while the main participants are countries with Soviet T-72s, there are almost no countries with their own developments.
    2. Malkor
      Malkor 19 October 2015 18: 31 New
      +3
      The tank is soundly made. It will look severely)))
  2. Waltasar
    Waltasar 19 October 2015 07: 01 New
    +4
    Beautiful machine.
    I'm sorry, I'm not an expert, but is rust in the trunk okay?
    1. inkass_98
      inkass_98 19 October 2015 07: 42 New
      +1
      This is for entourage and intimidation of enemies!
    2. GRAY
      GRAY 19 October 2015 07: 43 New
      +9
      Quote: Waltasar
      I'm sorry, I'm not an expert, but is rust in the trunk okay?

      More like cannon lard.
      And so, in the open air, rust quickly appears.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. gjv
        gjv 19 October 2015 11: 58 New
        +6
        Quote: GRAY
        More like cannon lard

        Yes, salted ...
    3. Vladimir 1964
      Vladimir 1964 19 October 2015 17: 57 New
      +3
      Quote: Waltasar
      I'm sorry, I'm not an expert, but is rust in the trunk okay?


      Pavel, this is not rust, gun grease. Before firing, the barrel is cleaned to avoid carbon deposits, then grease again to protect the barrel bore. (previously used by "Litol-24").

      Something like this. hi
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 19 October 2015 18: 08 New
        +3
        Quote: Vladimir 1964
        it's not rust, gun grease. Before firing, the barrel is cleaned in order to avoid carbon deposits ....

        In a combat situation, the first shot is fired by a sub-caliber projectile - barrel grease will be collected in its washer.
        1. Vladimir 1964
          Vladimir 1964 19 October 2015 18: 35 New
          +2
          Quote: Bad_gr
          In a combat situation, the first shot is fired by a sub-caliber projectile - barrel grease will be collected in its washer.


          Namesake, I meant training, I don’t have the practice of using tanks in combat, but thanks for the information, I didn’t know. hi
          1. Bad_gr
            Bad_gr 19 October 2015 18: 44 New
            +3
            Quote: Vladimir 1964
            I meant training firing, I don’t have any practical use of tanks ....

            :) Similarly, I don’t have combat practice (on tanks), but they taught us that.
            I served in Hungary on the T-62 (driver).
            1. Vladimir 1964
              Vladimir 1964 19 October 2015 18: 55 New
              +1
              Quote: Bad_gr
              ) Similarly, I don’t have military practice (on tanks), but they taught us that.
              I served in Hungary on the T-62 (driver).


              I’m not a tanker, Vladimir, but in intelligence, until 1988 in Czechoslovakia, there was a tank platoon in 1 and 2 reconnaissance, so I have some idea. hi
            2. Aleks tv
              Aleks tv 19 October 2015 22: 48 New
              +2
              Quote: Bad_gr
              Quote: Vladimir 1964
              I meant training firing, I don’t have any practical use of tanks ....

              :) Similarly, I don’t have combat practice (on tanks), but they taught us that.
              I served in Hungary on the T-62 (driver).

              Volodya, have not seen each other for a long time.
              hi
              Do not miss?
              laughing
              1. Bad_gr
                Bad_gr 20 October 2015 19: 51 New
                +3
                Quote: Aleks tv

                Do not miss?

                Alex, good evening!

                smile For sure, I don’t miss this thing. Our mechanics-drivers practically didn’t do it. Behind us was servicing the chassis, engine compartment, oil and fuel.
                I miss the training grounds. Departure to nature with shooting and hiking exotics - how not to miss this?
    4. svp67
      svp67 19 October 2015 19: 28 New
      +3
      Quote: Waltasar
      I'm sorry, I'm not an expert, but is rust in the trunk okay?

      This is not rust, this is a layer of grease, just that color. Rust, it looks somewhat different in the trunk.
      1. Aleks tv
        Aleks tv 19 October 2015 22: 46 New
        +2
        Quote: svp67
        Quote: Waltasar
        I'm sorry, I'm not an expert, but is rust in the trunk okay?

        This is not rust, this is a layer of grease, just that color. Rust, it looks somewhat different in the trunk.

        Sergey, Volodya
        hi
        Guys - we take ammonium, chrompeak and go to play a banner?
        laughing fellow
        And then GOI-54, how could without it ....
        drinks
        1. family tree
          family tree 1 November 2015 16: 47 New
          +1
          Quote: Aleks tv
          GOI-54

          54p, people associate GOI with polishing paste, wait they decide that you are still cleaning guns with bricks, but anti-corrosion grease was introduced in the 90s, someone received an award by renaming "Cannon fat", with minimal changes.
          Hello, Lyaksey! hi
  3. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 19 October 2015 07: 45 New
    +2
    What year's innovation day was that? 1990?
  4. gray
    gray 19 October 2015 11: 33 New
    0
    Someone will tell you in the photo where the "Laser sensors on the roof of the tower" is shown, the seam has burst or something.
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 19 October 2015 11: 57 New
      +3
      Quote: gray
      Someone will tell you in the photo where the "Laser sensors on the roof of the tower" is shown, the seam has burst or something.

      On the tower, in some places there is a layer with anti-radiation protection (in other places it is on the inside of the tower, the building)
  5. tank64rus
    tank64rus 19 October 2015 11: 53 New
    +4
    Normal workhorse of tank troops. To date, the main indicators are not inferior to foreign samples. It has a TOUR, Curtain and automatic loader, similar have few foreign samples. About 15 years will still serve and will provide an opportunity to calmly upgrade the tank fleet of the Russian Federation. Thanks to the author for the article and photos.
  6. 31rus
    31rus 19 October 2015 12: 53 New
    0
    Thank you for the photo and article, one amateur question, why do not the folding screens be placed on the drill tanks over the tracks on top of the rubber, as is done on all BMT-oh? Is there any good experience why not apply?
  7. Dimon-chik-79
    Dimon-chik-79 19 October 2015 13: 47 New
    +2
    Something onboard screens in general are not impressive, and why refused dynamic protection on them?
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 19 October 2015 18: 25 New
      +2
      Quote: Dimon-chik-79
      Something onboard screens in general are not impressive, and why refused dynamic protection on them?

      Leopard 2

      Challenger

      Although it happens like this
      1. cosmos111
        cosmos111 19 October 2015 19: 54 New
        0
        Quote: Bad_gr
        Although it happens like this

        on all of you listed MBT, there is no built-in remote sensing ...
        1. Bad_gr
          Bad_gr 19 October 2015 20: 54 New
          0
          Quote: cosmos111
          on all of you listed MBT, there is no built-in remote sensing ...

          This was an example of the same equipment with grills (tower feed, engine compartment). Apparently, to completely cover with bulwarks the entire side surface of the tank is considered inappropriate (and not only we think so)
    2. cosmos111
      cosmos111 22 October 2015 22: 03 New
      0
      Quote: Dimon-chik-79
      Something onboard screens in general is not impressive and why they refused dynamic protection on them


      Tanks T-62 of one of the units of the 42 Guards. FFM deployed in Chechnya, equipped with trellis screens ...
      which were set in the field ...




      http://sfw.so/1148806090-jekspluatacija-i-boevoe-primenenie.html
  8. Alexey-74
    Alexey-74 19 October 2015 15: 40 New
    +2
    A good tank, it will still serve us until Armata comes up ...
  9. chinArmy
    chinArmy 19 October 2015 16: 51 New
    +3
    T-90A is an "innovation" ??

    in short, the exhibition should have been called "innovation, modernization, nanotechnology"
  10. 52
    52 19 October 2015 17: 04 New
    +3
    A normal workhorse, not a masterpiece, but not an outsider. Alas, not enough of them.
    1. cosmos111
      cosmos111 19 October 2015 18: 40 New
      +2
      The Association of the United States Army (AUSA) 12 exhibition was held in Washington from 15 to 2015 on October October. General Dynamics Corporation introduced the M1A2 Abrams SEP V3 tank for the first time ... M1A2 SEP weighs 63 tons ..
      to upgrade tanks to the M1A2 SEP V3 version in General Dynamics will be, from 2016 of the year ...

      MBT M1A2 SEP ammunition included:
      1. 120-mm submunition armor-piercing shell M829E4 ...
      2. 120-mm. Advanced Multi-Purpose ХМ1147 high-explosive fragmentation projectile, which has three modes of detonation: contact with deceleration, contact instant and programmable air. Advanced Multi-Purpose ХМ1147, having a programmable fuse ...
      Ammunition Data Link's new fire control system, allowing the use of a programmable fuse ..


      thermal imagers of the 3 generation IFLIR, the new independent panoramic sight of the tank commander ....
      on the MBT turret, the Commander's Remote Operated Weapon Station Low Profile, remotely controlled by the commander, has a 12,7 mm M2 machine gun. , BM, if necessary, can serve as a second panoramic sight ...

      M1A2 Abrams SEPV3
      1. tank64rus
        tank64rus 19 October 2015 19: 55 New
        0
        Modernization is one thing, and Armata is another
      2. tank64rus
        tank64rus 19 October 2015 19: 55 New
        -1
        Modernization is one thing, and Armata is another
        1. wk
          wk 19 October 2015 21: 40 New
          -6
          Quote: tank64rus
          Modernization is one thing, and Armata is another

          modernization is reality ..... Armata FAKE!
  11. glavnykarapuz
    glavnykarapuz 19 October 2015 19: 01 New
    0
    The janitor on the commander's optics is "impressive". And it would be nice to duplicate the cleaning of the mechanical drive's sight (as in the gunner's sight).
    Details, they are still so important.
    1. Aleks tv
      Aleks tv 19 October 2015 22: 26 New
      +1
      Quote: glavnykarapuz
      The janitor on the commander's optics is "impressive". And it would be nice to duplicate the cleaning of the mechanical drive's sight (as in the gunner's sight).
      Details, they are still so important.

      Semyon, a janitor at the PNA is needed, believe me.
      wink
      The gunner also has such a stray.

      If I’m not mistaken, the mechanic has a photo of an old man TNPO-168В and not a new TVN-5.
      By the way, his cleaning system is more serious - washing liquid and air under pressure. There is also electric heating.
      To mehan without this, by no means, lowering, the janitor is not an ice man at all.
      yes
  12. Vadim237
    Vadim237 19 October 2015 20: 30 New
    -4
    This tank can be safely sent to the dustbin of history, its time has passed.
  13. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker 19 October 2015 21: 37 New
    +2
    This version of the tank with curtain spotlights is impressive. For export are cars without spotlights. How effective are spotlight curtains against ATGMs and when blinding gunners?
    1. TOR2
      TOR2 19 October 2015 23: 08 New
      +3
      So the tank is visible without spotlights.
      1. TOR2
        TOR2 19 October 2015 23: 10 New
        +6
        and so with spotlights. A small rocket tracer is simply not visible to the guidance system
  14. cosmos111
    cosmos111 23 October 2015 21: 40 New
    0
    no tank can be the BEST - too many conflicting demands are made on it, and almost all the advantages of certain tanks have too compromise character ...
  15. twin22
    twin22 31 October 2015 19: 26 New
    0
    Quote: Malkor
    The tank is soundly made. It will look severely)))


    The tank looks really harsh. Looks like a tank.
    But I have long wanted to understand one thing. Do not judge strictly, I am not an expert, although I served in a tank division.

    Pay attention to how the frontal armor of the tank looks in these photos. Well, it’s clear that this is armor, it is thick. Very fat. Tank ...

    Now look carefully at this photo.


    http://img3.goodfon.su/original/2000x1331/4/41/tank-armata-t-14-moskva.jpg

    That's what these rivets are, what kind of bolts are 12 mm.? Is it sheathed with a bent roofing iron?
    Forgive me, I do not want to offend anyone. I just want to understand if this should be so or is it just some bullshit?
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 31 October 2015 20: 07 New
      0
      Quote: twin22
      That's what these rivets are, what kind of bolts are 12 mm.? Is it sheathed with a bent roofing iron?

      It is possible that this is a sham. On top of the windshield is probably active armor - the size and shape of its boxes are covered by this piece of tin, with rectangles drawn on it.
      I’m sure that the tank that will be on the conveyor will be slightly different from what was presented at the parade,
      like Kurganets-25 (the parade model had a driver in the center, and according to the documentation of the car, it will sit on the left and slightly in front, where the radiator is located at the parade version)