Military Review

Army version of the truck "Ural-M"

46
The Russian Ministry of Defense continues to implement the program for updating the vehicles of the armed forces. Currently, serial construction and supply of cars and the development of new projects are underway. For example, in the future it is planned to begin supplying vehicles of the Motovoz-M family, which will include several basic wheeled chassis of various types. One of the representatives of the new family, which will go into the series, could be the military version of the truck "Ural-M". To date, this machine exists, at least in several copies and has already managed to pass some of the tests.

The promising Ural-M truck belongs to the new Ural-Next family, which in the foreseeable future should replace the existing equipment of the Ural Automobile Plant. Within the “Ural-Next” family, two basic chassis (4x4 and 6x6) have been developed, which can be used as a basis for commercial and military vehicles. Modification of the three-axle all-wheel drive vehicles, designed for the armed forces, refers to the line "Ural-M".

According to reports, the proposed truck "Ural-M" is a deep modernization of the long-known machine "Ural-4320". A promising project provides for the use of a number of new components aimed at improving the characteristics of technology. In addition, some basic structural elements have been improved, which should also affect the performance of the machine. A curious approach to creating a cabin and its equipment was used. The Ural Automobile Plant, part of the GAZ Group, took part in the creation of technology with the general name NEXT. A characteristic feature of all these machines, produced under the new brand, is the use of a unified cab, slightly modified for use on a particular machine.

Army version of the truck "Ural-M"
Army truck "Ural-M". Photo Vestnik-rm.ru


The proposed car "Ural-M" retains the overall layout of its predecessor. It is built on the hood scheme, and all units are fixed on the frame. From the point of view of the general architecture, the new machine differs from the existing “Ural-4320” only in the composition of the used units and the construction of individual parts. Nevertheless, all the improvements used have significantly improved the characteristics of the new machine in comparison with the existing one.

The proposed army of a new model truck has a length of about 9 m and curb weight at the level of 8,25 tons. At the same time, up to 13 tons of cargo can be transported on the cargo platform or in the back. It is also possible to tow a trailer weighing up to 11,5 t. Thus, the gross weight of the loaded machine reaches 21,3 t. By using a three-axle chassis, an optimum axle weight distribution is ensured. So, on the front axle accounts for about 5,3 t, the remaining 16 t - on the rear bogie.

The required characteristics are provided with a diesel engine YMZ-536 horsepower 285. The engine is connected with the YMZ-1105 manual gearbox and transmission, which includes a transfer case with a locking center differential. Used transmission provides transmission of torque to all six wheels. To enhance performance, all bridges of the new chassis are reinforced.


Scheme of the machine "Ural-M". Figure Ural-next.ru


It is alleged that the Ural-M truck, depending on the weight of the load, is capable of speeds up to 80 km / h (according to other data, up to 100 km / h). Power reserve is 1000 km. If necessary, the machine is able to cross the water barrier ford. In this case, the depth of the reservoir should not exceed 1,75 m.

Due to the renewal of the design, it was possible to increase the resource of all systems. So, now it is recommended to carry out maintenance every 15 thousand km (previously this parameter did not exceed 6-8 thousand km). The warranty period has been extended to 2 years or 100 thousand kilometers. Resource design, according to the manufacturer, is 350 thousand. Km.

The upgraded Ural-M car is designed to transport people and goods on highways and off-road in various climatic and meteorological conditions. At the request of the customer, the base chassis can be equipped with bodies of various types, from the side with an awning to metal vans with various special equipment. Shipping can be carried out not only in the back, but also on a trailer. Due to the full load of its own body and towing a trailer, the total mass of the train can exceed 32,5 t.

In the middle of January of this year, there were reports of the beginning of tests of a new truck intended for the army. At one of the automobile testing grounds of the Urals, a new three-axle vehicle was spotted, which was identified as the military version of the Urals-Next. Thus, the tests of a promising military vehicle started no later than the beginning of this year.


Army truck "Ural-M". Photo Vestnik-rm.ru


In mid-June, the Ural Automobile Plant announced the start of a run, in which several new Ural-M family cars will take part. From 15 June to 8, the cars traveled several thousand kilometers and reached from Miass to Nyagan, where the rally finished. It should be noted that the vehicles participating in the race belong to the Ural-M family, but the military modification of the truck was not involved in this event.

While other vehicles of the new family marched along the roads of the Urals, one of the new military trucks took part in the Army-2015 exhibition. During this event, a sample of the military "Ural-M" in the army dark green color, equipped with an onboard body with a canvas awning was demonstrated. Visitors to the exhibition may have noticed that the new car retained the used and proven over the years body structure for passengers or cargo, but at the same time received a new three-seater cabin.

The prospects for a military truck based on the Ural-M chassis are not yet fully understood. This machine is currently in testing and, apparently, is not yet ready for full-scale serial production. Ministry of Defense officials have not yet expressed interest in the proposed equipment. However, the first official statements about the proposed truck may appear in the very near future. It remains to follow the news and press releases from the military.


On the materials of the sites:
http://ural-next.ru/
http://vestnik-rm.ru/
http://uralst.ru/
http://industrial-news.com/
Author:
46 comments
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  1. D-Master
    D-Master 29 July 2015 06: 31
    +10
    The Urals has been a proven vehicle for years, the place of which is reliably fixed in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. If there is information about new developments, then someone ordered and funded them. Great faith that the plant did it on its own - no. Therefore, this is the Ministry of Defense issued those tasks. So in speed we are waiting for a new truck.
    1. Mostovik
      Mostovik 29 July 2015 09: 22
      -20
      This is the Ural Next in green.
      http://www.yaplakal.com/forum11/topic1126932.html
      As usual, in the new Russian technology from the Russian only the assembly.
      1. Hauptmann emil
        Hauptmann emil 29 July 2015 11: 03
        +12
        Quote: Bridge
        As usual, in the new Russian technology from the Russian only the assembly.

        This is for civilian consumers. The same with KamAZ - one thing for the military, but for civilians and Kamens engines, you can also have a foreign-made box. In short, "any whim for your money"
        Quote: D-Master
        The Urals has been a proven vehicle for years, the place of which is reliably fixed in the Russian Armed Forces.

        I completely agree. Very unpretentious and hardy equipment.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. gjv
          gjv 29 July 2015 16: 53
          +7
          Quote: Hauptmann Emil
          I completely agree. Very unpretentious and hardy equipment.

          The "partners" from BAE Systems did not neglect their endurance by releasing armored cars on the chassis of the long-wheelbase Urals by order of the Indian police.

          Casspir mk. 6 Protector - a modification with a 6 × 6 and 4 × 4 wheel formula, created on the chassis of a Ural-4320 truck, equipped with a Russian diesel engine with a YaMZ-236NE2 turbocharger, with a power of 230 hp (169 kW), and a manual gearbox YaMZ-236U. Mine protection provides a detonation of 21 kg of charge under the wheel and 14 kg of charge under the car body. The machine was created jointly by the South African company BAE Systems Land Systems South Africa and the Indian Mahindra & Mahindra, manufactured at a joint venture of Defense Land Systems India (DLSI) in India. In India, the armored vehicle received the designation - MPVI (Mine Protected Vehicle for India).
          1. Throw
            Throw 1 August 2015 18: 22
            0
            Camping among the MPV record holder for resistance to blasting.
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. gjv
        gjv 29 July 2015 14: 55
        +3
        Quote: Bridge
        As usual, in the new Russian technology from the Russian only the assembly.

        And the production of YaMZ-536 engines and YaMZ-1105 gearboxes is still located in Russia. And most of the other parts are also Russian. Clearly foreign brakes and steering gear.
    2. smershxnumx
      smershxnumx 29 July 2015 09: 26
      +3
      The fact that "two meters of life" was left ahead is good! But the base is ... too big, in my opinion. Will you be able to climb with such a base on rough terrain as 4320? Try in a trophy raid ...
      1. Argon
        Argon 29 July 2015 12: 20
        +3
        The article does not contain any specifics at all, and it is not clear what niche this machine will occupy in the Armed Forces. The previous Ural had a pneumohydraulic brake system, which made it possible to expand the operating temperature range by lowering it to -50C (KamAZ-40C), the remake has pneumatic brakes "Vabko", therefore, the lower temperature regime with "Kamazovsky" equaled. The height of the chassis was less than that of the Kama trucks, which made the "Ural" more preferable for the Airborne Forces (features of transportation by air). At the same time, the "transport ridge" of the aircraft "Ural" ; "KamAZ" -4320; BTR-4310, aggregate, were
        are actually identical, which greatly facilitated maintenance and repair. Now it is proposed (for our money !!) to organize the serial production of a complete analogue of KamAZ in the bonnet configuration, but on completely "original" units, which will require at least a serious modernization of the entire repair infrastructure.
      2. The comment was deleted.
      3. gjv
        gjv 29 July 2015 15: 31
        +1
        Quote: smerx24
        Will it be able to climb with such a cross-country base as 4320?

        But what about 4320-09 and 4320-19? They seem to be able.




        And on the Ural-M, the engine is also more powerful.
    3. svp67
      svp67 29 July 2015 18: 32
      +3
      Quote: D-Master
      Ural-proven car for years,

      Yes Yes. The best "rogue". Once,. it was his quality that saved my life and four other people. So, I'm glad that the Urals are moving into the FUTURE
  2. Alex_Rarog
    Alex_Rarog 29 July 2015 08: 14
    +2
    Urals with a cabin from the new gazelle) damn the main thing that would be good! And so an interesting device turned out.
    1. avt
      avt 29 July 2015 09: 05
      +3
      Quote: Alex_Rarog
      Ural with a cabin from the new gazelle)

      request So what ? It’s normal practice of standardization, the main thing is that it would be convenient for the driver inside, and the rest should be show-offs.
    2. max702
      max702 29 July 2015 12: 14
      +1
      After the "classic" Urals, this cabin will seem to be the height of comfort and convenience, I would very much like not to forget (save money) about the driver and put a normal suspended chair and the condo / heater was finally recognized not as a luxury, but as a necessity ..
      rs: The engine there in the army modification (euro-0) gives out 450hp / s and it is also put on the "Typhoons" unification in the army is good, I would have transferred almost all army equipment to this engine. This is the only way to solve problems with do we buy imported components (turbine, injection, control units) or organize production?
      1. smershxnumx
        smershxnumx 29 July 2015 20: 52
        +1
        max702 is right about driver comfort! I once in winter (about 25 years ago) in a day waved 4320 from Penza to Yekaterinburg (how I was driving - it's still a separate novel!), So my backside in the shape of a suitcase became and a callus on my lower back. Now, for any money and price, this would not be repeated on "that" URAL !!!
      2. Victorio
        Victorio 30 July 2015 01: 29
        0
        Quote: max702
        After the "classic" Urals, this cabin will seem to be the height of comfort and convenience, I would very much like not to forget (save money) about the driver and put a normal suspended chair and the condo / heater was finally recognized not as a luxury, but as a necessity ..
        rs: The engine there in the army modification (euro-0) gives out 450hp / s and it is also put on the "Typhoons" unification in the army is good, I would have transferred almost all army equipment to this engine. This is the only way to solve problems with do we buy imported components (turbine, injection, control units) or organize production?

        ====
        removal to bumper sidelights a new fashion, or is it due to something else?
    3. vasilev
      vasilev 17 November 2016 21: 44
      0
      And what if he belongs to the "GAZ group"? On the "Volat", for example, the MAZ cabin, but the factories are different.
  3. Belimbai
    Belimbai 29 July 2015 09: 17
    +2
    "From June 15 to August 8, the cars covered several thousand kilometers and got from Miass to Nyagan, where the rally finished." Today is 29.07 ..... they still have 10 days to go :)
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. gjv
      gjv 29 July 2015 15: 43
      +1
      Quote: Belimbai
      they have another 10 days to go :)

      Yes it makes you smile slip of the pen the author. Rally finished July 8. He was more likely an advertising than a test. The average mileage of 210 km per day with stops and a demonstration of the Ural-M and Ural-NEXT models in cities along the route.





      See the article on technical solutions in the Ural-M at http://www.uralst.ru/node/advantage_ural_m_4320.php
  4. shurikchaevnik
    shurikchaevnik 29 July 2015 10: 05
    +21
    But they couldn’t call chtol normally, they were sick of it - UAZ Patriot, Lada Vesta, Ural-Next, etc. We damn where we live - under whom we mow. What language are we using. And where did they get such a craving for in an overseas manner to call a car - already disgusting.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. gjv
      gjv 29 July 2015 15: 48
      0
      Quote: shurikchaevnik
      But they couldn’t call chtol normally,

      Actually, if you don't bother much about the hood, you can read on it - "URAL". And the hoodless ones on the radiator grille too."URAL"written. hi
      1. Massik
        Massik 29 July 2015 19: 13
        +4
        Ural-Next
        after that I didn't want to read, either for export, or for yourself you can't understand. Previously, they did not hesitate to write "made in the USSR" and as you like, understand if you don't know Russian.
  5. AX
    AX 29 July 2015 11: 02
    0
    The cabin was "oplastmassili" ... The iron could not stand it, but here ...
  6. dorward
    dorward 29 July 2015 11: 04
    +2
    Shurik, unfortunately the names correspond to the demand for such names.
  7. nvn_co
    nvn_co 29 July 2015 11: 04
    +2
    But even a pretty one turned out, and the menacing remained ... Yes, God, that would have worked out for the guys!
  8. tomcat117
    tomcat117 29 July 2015 11: 53
    +3
    In the photo, the view from the front remotely resembles ZIL-131, and the door must be (to reduce the cost of the model) from the gazelle.
    The good old Urals 4320 was brutal, with eggs, shorter than PASAN.
    Probably the appearance of the car will be transient, in my opinion there is not enough masculinity.
    1. smershxnumx
      smershxnumx 29 July 2015 20: 57
      +1
      The good old Urals 4320 was brutal, with eggs, shorter than PASAN.

      I said, MAN !!! Breaking it is a must have talent! Believe the word ... smile
    2. kostella85
      kostella85 2 August 2015 15: 09
      0
      There is a cabin with a gazelle nekst (as well as a nekst on the lawn), and the muzzle is plastic.
  9. YaMZ-238
    YaMZ-238 29 July 2015 12: 04
    +1
    The new cabin does not look serious .... whether it is 4320!
    1. Forget
      Forget 29 July 2015 12: 22
      +2
      A strong tilt of the windshield is completely unnecessary ..
  10. ROMANO
    ROMANO 29 July 2015 13: 53
    +1
    Quote: tomcat117
    and the door must be (to reduce the cost of the model) from a gazelle.


    If UralAZ has been part of the GAZ Group of Companies for some time now, it would be strange if they had done otherwise. Unification, however. If there is an inexpensive, time-tested and market-tested solution, then why reinvent your own "wheel"? So they put a whole cabin from the new Gazelle.
  11. ROMANO
    ROMANO 29 July 2015 14: 02
    0
    Quote: Forget
    A strong tilt of the windshield is completely unnecessary


    What to do, the cabin was not originally intended for military equipment, but they took a ready-made "civilian" one. Unification costs.
  12. Alexs1833
    Alexs1833 29 July 2015 14: 59
    +2
    It’s a flimsy cabin. Yes, and the electronics are dofiga. It seems to me that an army truck should be as simple as a bicycle, so that any soldier can figure out what's what. And there may be problems.
    1. smershxnumx
      smershxnumx 29 July 2015 22: 07
      +4
      It seems to me that an army truck should be as simple as a bicycle, so that any soldier can figure out what's what.

      Here, for example, GAZ-AA (GAZ-two Az) and ZiS-5 ("Zakhar") - voluminous engines with low compression (very unpretentious to fuel, moderately high-thrust at the bottom, voracious, BUT hardy), the transmission is nowhere easier (the box is not synchronized, the main gearbox with a spur gear, the axle shafts are unloaded, the suspension is spring-loaded, i.e. there is nothing to break again), the brakes are MECHANICAL (cable drive), the instruments are just that (speedometer, ammeter and water temperature sensor). This car could be mastered by any person. Yes, there are some peculiarities of driving ("double squeezing", "peregazovka" - whoever has "professional" experience of more than 25 years will understand, well, "brake preload" (my grandfather told me this, he did not find it).
      ZIL-131: a very hardy high-speed engine (the quality of low-octane gasoline is quite noticeable, the carburetor is capricious and difficult to adjust (but not critical), a cool gearbox (you can change gears on the "half-release" of the clutch), the brakes are uninformative-sluggish for the developed speeds on the highway, spring suspension - almost unkillable, the weak point in the transmission is the electrical connection of the front end There is tire inflation, but ... something was planned / done wrong (not subject to the driver).
      GAZ-66 (shishiga) - except for cross-country ability there are no advantages. I would especially like to note the "convenience" of the driver's position, the location of the controls. Very moody car ...
      URAL-375 ... Really "ate" on "cruising" 50-55 km / h 60-65 liters (at 75 km / h and up to 90 liters) of the purest 93 gasoline! But! You still need to look for such a "vezdelaza" !!! Yes, a hard-to-adjust carburetor and distributor, pneumohydraulic clutch and brake drives ("rotten clutch", "two-handed gearbox" (sometimes with two hands) and "brakes-God-save"), all this is nothing on the road! yes, also a bench seat, not adjustable, made of "leatherette"
      URAL-4320 ... Diesel. Eats less (40-45 liters of solarium). The rest is also. Only in mud / snow it is better to bury itself (a little "rotten" clutch did not work well - go for the K-700 or a tank) ...
      So, what was the point of scribbling here - everything is simple, reliable, analog devices (the ammeter from the EMP is "dead" - the dog is with it, the control (dviglom and transmission) is mechanical - also FSU ...
      Yes, it’s difficult to drive, but he WILL REACH, DRIVE EVERYONE ... and ...
      Sorry for the "lot of bukaf" ....
      1. Argon
        Argon 29 July 2015 22: 35
        0
        And if the driver is injured? By the way, "Zakhar" speed in a turn is not more than 5 km / h. But in general, I agree with your characteristics of Soviet all-terrain vehicles, but have you forgotten about the KrAZ-250 \ 255?
        1. smershxnumx
          smershxnumx 30 July 2015 21: 21
          0
          No, I haven't forgotten! I stood nearby, sat in the cockpit, felt the engine and transmission, but I didn’t drive a meter myself, and I didn’t see how they were “walking” on the off-road ... hi
  13. Jager
    Jager 29 July 2015 15: 51
    +1
    I don’t know about the military, but we had 3 "Ural" shifts in our garage. None of them had four-wheel drive - the razdatka was constantly falling apart for everyone. The cabins were just rotting before our eyes, the brakes ... One or two out of 6 slowed down - already a holiday. In the cab, there is a nightmare, the roar of the engine, the howling of the box, everywhere the slits are as thick as a finger, there is no blowing in the heat, in the rain the cab leaks at all the seams, the whole car shakes worse than your tractor on the move. But one "Kamaz" biaxial, also a rotational shift was simply unkillable. Lane across a plowed field in a slurry up to the windows, the passability is impressive.
    1. Massik
      Massik 29 July 2015 19: 24
      +3
      If you don't look behind the car, then at least some kind of zvizdets will sneak up on it. If the slits are as thick as a finger, then the rest is not worth talking about. We still have 157 zil on our balance sheet and, despite its considerable age, it carries much more gently and comfortably than the new gas 53 which, ahem, "jumps" on bumps like an untied genital organ. The new KAMAZ vehicles have the same properties - you have to bow to every hole, unlike the Urals.
    2. aws4
      aws4 30 July 2015 05: 55
      +2
      something is not right ... apparently just an advertisement for KAMAZ and no more ... the Urals have always been considered a more reliable machine and tenacious ...
  14. Valga
    Valga 29 July 2015 20: 21
    +1
    This one will have a cross-axle lock? Or again just a little, hold the brakes on one side.
  15. SlavaP
    SlavaP 29 July 2015 20: 34
    +1
    Wait and see. I hope that the car will be no worse than the old 375. I had the opportunity to drive, albeit slightly, different trucks, I can say for sure - do not compare either with the Zil or the Lawns. The Urals among them are like Porsche among other shusharas.
  16. Denimax
    Denimax 29 July 2015 21: 53
    +1
    Hmm, cut the cab with a large tilt of the windshield. For what? In military technology, it is preferable to have a reverse slope. To give less glare.
    The auto industry in Russia is generally a sore subject. And a lot can depend on him. Relying on the military industry is not very reliable; automotive products can be sold immediately from the assembly line, without international approvals.
    And of course, a well-developed auto industry cannot exist without a well-developed mechanical engineering, reasonable fuel prices, and good roads.
    We must bet on the auto industry! Russia is great there needs mobility.
  17. WS
    WS 29 July 2015 22: 04
    +1
    But what about the blackout on the headlights? Now no longer required?
  18. lukke
    lukke 29 July 2015 22: 16
    +1
    And I liked the "face" of the new Urals) Only I think if they are developing an army version on the cabin there should be a rack shelf for the Masseti (as on our dear old ones) and the cabin should be lengthened by only half a meter (place a sleeping shelf on top of the seats, and under it compartment for things, equipment, weapons)
  19. Wolka
    Wolka 30 July 2015 05: 07
    0
    externally, the machine is very impressive ... good
  20. abc_alex
    abc_alex 30 July 2015 14: 31
    0
    What is the point in the military version of the Ural-M, if the bonnet version of the Typhoon is made there?
  21. dedok145
    dedok145 30 July 2015 15: 44
    0
    Does the cabin remind me of a gazelle? smile
  22. tchoni
    tchoni 2 August 2015 07: 57
    +1
    The cockpit of an army truck should be armored, and the tanks should be protected - how, I said everything