Syrian Armed Forces

Today, the Syrian army is one of the most powerful armies of the Arab world in the Middle East. The armed forces are countries that have a traditional structure of 3 species: ground forces, air forces and air defense forces, naval forces. The total number of armed forces is estimated at 320 thousand people (16-e in the world), 354 thousand people are in reserve, the mobilization resource is estimated at 4 million people, of whom 2,3 million are suitable for military service. In addition to the armed forces, there are gendarmerie formations in Syria - around 8 000 people and the People’s Army (militia).


The modern military doctrine of the country was laid at the beginning of the 90s of the last century and is based on the principle of defensive sufficiency, which determines the development of the Armed Forces. Israel’s main adversary is the threat of military conflicts with Iraq and Turkey. The doctrine provides for the use of the army in military assistance to the Arab countries, as it was during the conflict in the Gulf zone in 1990-1991, as well as in Lebanon from 1976 to the withdrawal of troops in 2005. The military-political leadership of the country believes that the presence of strong armed forces allows Syria to act as an equal partner of Israel in conducting peace talks.

Syrian Army

The highest unit of ground forces existing in peacetime is the army corps. He is the highest operational tactical association. The main tactical formation of the ground forces is the division. In total, there are 215 people in the ground forces (another 000 are in reserve). In peacetime, they equipped 300 army corps, 000 divisions, 3 separate brigades, 12 special forces regiments (commandos), 12 separate tank regiment and 1 missile brigade of coastal defense, operatively subordinate to the Navy.

Syrian Armed Forces
T-62

Of the 12 Syrian divisions, 7 is tank, 3 is mechanized, 1 is the division of the Republican Guard (essentially tank), 1 is the special forces division. There are also 4 separate infantry brigades, 3 brigades of tactical missiles (such as Luna-M, Scud, Point), 2 anti-tank brigades, 2 artillery brigades and a border guard brigade.

The most prepared and combat-ready unit of the Syrian army is the division of the Republican Guard. The division consists of 2 tank and 2 mechanized brigades. The division is armed with up to 350 T-72 tanks (upgraded), 350 BMP-2 / 3, 30 152-mm SAU 2X3 SAU, 20 122-mm SAU 21 "Gcfe NgXX" XcNUMX 30-SAU 21 50 SAU XnUMX XNUMX XNUMX-mm SAU XNUMX XNUMX "Nazfx" N-XAUM XNUMX XNUMX XNUMX SAU XNUMX XNUMX-mm SAU XNUMX XNUMX "Acti" , XNUMX ZSU "Shilka" and other military and auxiliary equipment.

Ordinary Syrian tank divisions consist of 2 tank and 1 mechanized brigades, but have fewer tanks to 300 T72 / 62, and their motorized infantry move on armored personnel carriers and BMP-1. In addition, most of the artillery in such units is towed.

The mechanized divisions incorporate the 1 tank brigade and the 2 mechanized, are armed with X-NUMX T-200 / 62 tanks, their motorized infantry units are moved on armored personnel carriers. Artillery regiments of such divisions are equipped with towed X-NUMX-mm M-55 cannons and X-NUMX-mm howitzers D-130.

Infantry brigades of the Syrian army are designed to cover the front in the secondary areas of the fighting, anti-tank and artillery brigades are designed to support in combat mechanized formations. Missile brigades with operational tactical missiles are designed to strike the enemy with weapons mass destruction.

ATGM "Cornet-I"

All in all, the ground forces are armed with 4800 tanks, among them 1500-1700 T-72 of various modifications, around 1000 T-62, 2000-2250 T-54 and T-55, of which approximately 1000 is in conservation. Due to the fact that the last tanks were delivered to the country during the USSR, the army tank park cannot be considered modern. However, according to a number of sources, Syria is making significant efforts to modernize the existing armored vehicles.

Over the past decades, only two major contracts of Syria in the interests of the ground forces are known. In 1995, the modernization of 200 T-55 tanks to version T-55MB was ordered in Ukraine. These tanks received enhanced booking, dynamic protection of the frontal part and part of the sides, as well as the 9K116 "Bastion" guided weapon system. At one time, part of the existing T-72 was upgraded with increased head-on booking and equipment with dynamic protection. A number of experts believe that the T-72 tanks from the Republican Guard division can use the 9K118 “Reflex” guided weapon system. In 1998, Damascus concluded an agreement with Moscow for the supply of 1000 ATCM "Cornet-I" in the amount of 65 million dollars, as well as the Mestis-M complexes in the amount of 73 million dollars.

The main vehicle for the transportation of motorized infantry is the BMP-1 (there are up to 2450 vehicles), also in service is the 100 BMP-2 and several dozen BMP-3. In addition, the troops have about 1000 BRDM-2, including self-propelled systems for launching anti-aircraft systems and more than 1500 BTRs, including 1000 BTR 50 / 60 / 70 and about 500 BTR-152.

Fire support for mechanized units are designed to provide more than 500 ACS. Among them are 50 152-mm SAU 2C3 "Acacia", 400 122-mm SAU 2C1 "Carnation" and more 50 122-mm SAU SP122 of local production. This ACS is a D-30 howitzer mounted on an open installation based on the T-34-85 tank chassis.

SAU 2C1 "Carnation"

In addition to self-propelled Syrian army has a significant amount of towed artillery (about 1500 trunks). Among them are 10 180-mm long-range cannons C-23, 70 152-X га га га га X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X Xdr. X X X X X X X X X Xdr. Га га га га Xnumx guns of the M-20, about 20 800-га-уб-убуб-ui-xi-XnUMX-МMNXX, 130-46-гаубубуб-п п-п. mm howitzers M-500. In addition, around 122 30-mm howitzers are in storage.

Syria also has a significant number of mortars. There are about 100 mortars of the 160 caliber mm, about 10 240-mm mortars, about 400 120-mm mortars and an impressive amount of 82 mm battalion mortars.

In addition to the traditional artillery in the armament of the ground forces, there is a 300 MLRS BM-21 "Grad" and up to 200 MLRS "Type 63" made in China, having a caliber 107 mm.

Syrian Air Force and Air Defense

The country's air force and air defense numbers 100 in their ranks, of which 000 in the air defense and 60 in the air force. The Air Force consists of fighter, fighter-bomber, bomber, reconnaissance, military transport, training and helicopter aviation. In service are 478 combat aircraft, 106 training, 31 combat training, 25 transport aircraft. The helicopter fleet consists of approximately 100 combat and 110 transport helicopters.

MiG-23MLD Syrian Air Force

It is worth noting that the country's air force has a sufficient number of combat vehicles, which for the most part are obsolete. The most combat-ready fighters from the Air Force are the 48 MiG-29, which in the late 90-x and 2000-s were modernized with the help of Russian specialists. 20-25 heavy MiG-25 interceptor fighters and up to 50 MiG-23MLD fighters may also be of some value. In addition to them, the Syrian air force counts up to 150 MiG-21 fighters, whose combat value in comparison with Israeli fighters tends to zero.

The Syrian attack aircraft has about 40 Su-24 front-line bombers, a similar number of MiG-23BN fighter-bombers and the same number of Su-22 fighter-bombers. Su-24 bombers are capable of flying at ultra-low altitudes around the terrain, developing supersonic speeds, as well as using guided weapons. They are the most effective strike weapons of the country's air force and are able to work even in the conditions of enemy air supremacy.

The air force of the country, despite the presence of a small number of relatively modern cars, is significantly inferior to the Israeli Air Force, both in the quality of its fleet and in its numbers. Among other things, Israel has the best flight personnel and an impressive system of support for the actions of its air force, including airborne early warning aircraft, while Syria has to manage only a system of ground-based radars.

Su-22 Syrian Air Force

Syrian Army Aviation has about a hundred attack helicopters: X-NUMX French SA-55 Gazelle and 342 Soviet Mi-36, besides this, it contains about 24 Mi-100 transport helicopters and up to 17 Mi-10 helicopters.

Syria’s neighborhood with Israel, which possesses significant and well-trained Air Forces, has always forced the leadership of this Arab country to pay close attention to air defense. Currently, Syria has a significant number of anti-aircraft missile systems, as well as an impressive fleet of barreled anti-aircraft artillery.

The country's air defense units are represented by 2 divisions, 25 anti-aircraft missile brigades (as part of the air defense divisions and individual, only about 150 batteries), parts of the radio engineering troops. Currently in service is 908 PU ZUR (about 600 C-75 and C-125, to 200 "Square", 48 PU ZUR of long-range C-200M, 60 PU ZUR "Wasp", and also to 4000 artillery guns ). The territory of the country is divided into 2 air defense zone: South and North. To control the country's air defense, there is a 3 fully computerized gearbox.

For the most part, the outdated C-75, C-125 and Kvadrat air defense missiles are in service (the latter have been upgraded, the possibility of intercepting air targets in the conditions of strong radio-electronic suppression from the enemy) is improved. These air defense weapons are not able to effectively counteract modern means of air attack, while experts note problems with the training of personnel of the formations.

ZRK "Square"

The most long-range and modern air defense systems are the S-200M (Vega-M) air defense missile systems deployed in 2 brigades with a total of 48 units. The range of their shooting exceeds 250 km, in contrast to its early counterparts, this modification allows you to fight with low-flying targets. To cover the deployment areas of these air defense systems, Syria has 14 batteries (60 PU) of mobile Osa air defense systems.

Ground forces in combat and on the march from air attacks cover the Strela-1 air defense missile system (up to 20 PU based on BRDM), Strela 10 (30 PU based on MT-LB), as well as more than 4000 calculations of armed MANPADS “Needle”, “Arrow-2”, “Arrow-2M”. The main mobile air defense device for the ground forces is the Shilka ZSU-23-4, which has a quad 23-mm artillery gun in service. In addition, the troops have about 1200 towed units, of which 600 is in ZU-23-2, and about 600 on 57-mm anti-aircraft guns C-60.

Summing up, we can say that Syria’s air defense, although it does not have the newest air defense systems, like Buk-M1 or C-300, with proper use, is able to provide an adequate level of cover for civilian objects and troops from the air, forcing the enemy air forces to switch from attacks from ground targets to the fight against air defense.

Syrian Navy

The Syrian Navy is the smallest type of armed forces - about 4 people. The main tasks are the protection of maritime communications, the defense of the country's coast and territorial waters from attacks by enemy naval groups. The headquarters of the Navy is in Latakia, the ships are located in 000 bases: in Latakia (main base fleet), Tartus, and Mina el Beide. The fleet also includes artillery and missile units of coastal defense, a squadron of PLO helicopters, an observation battalion and a squad of combat swimmers.

Missile Boat Pr 205

The fleet includes 10 warships, 18 combat boats, 4 auxiliary vessels, 1 hydrographic and 1 training. Warships presented 2 frigates (Soviet antisubmarine ships project 159E, passed the country in 1975 year), 3 landing craft project 770 (transferred in 1981-84 years) and 5 trawlers, as Soviet-made (obtained in 70-80-ies). Of the 10 combat boats, there are various modifications of the 205 project (they were delivered from 1979 to 1982 year), 8 1400 patrolmen with machine guns (delivered from the USSR in 1984-1986).

The naval aviation is armed with 24 anti-submarine helicopters (Ka-28 - 4 units, Mi-14 - 20 units). Coastal defense units are armed with 10 PU mobile coastal defense systems (6 PU "Rubezh" and 4 PU "Redut", as well as about 100 missiles of both types), 36 130 mm caliber 12 and 100 mm artillery shells.

It is worth noting that the ships and boats of the Syrian Navy are morally outdated and badly worn, needing major repairs and replacement with new ships.
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  1. Rustam 13 October 2011 07: 21 New
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    Yes, compared to the Libyan or Egyptian army, the Syrian is better armed, just behind Hezbollah and Iran
    But these tricks (NATO and the USA) do not seem to care, the beast smelled of blood and it will be difficult to stop it !!!!!
  2. lightforcer
    lightforcer 13 October 2011 09: 27 New
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    The most important thing in the article is about air defense. This will be the first goal of the Pindos, after the bombers will go into action.
    1. Alexey Prikazchikov
      Alexey Prikazchikov 13 October 2011 10: 15 New
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      Wait, all hope for us just can’t be given to the Syrians oh, you can’t.
      1. kostiknet 13 October 2011 14: 59 New
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        Serbs couldn’t surrender the same thing, but surrendered !! And the Pindos have hardly any plans for a direct attack - the external aggressor will unite the nation. They like to "rock" the boat, and then only drown it. In any country there is, for money, ready to fight with your own people for the sake of others' interests and values. The Yankees and islanders will tell them the slogans, and the custodians with their megalomania will not leave us. Weak hope for us (from the forest, from the mountains the bear showed the ax. He did not just show - he tied it to .... tied !!!! )
  3. itr
    itr 13 October 2011 10: 54 New
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    I think they will be attacked from the sea!
  4. zombies
    zombies 13 October 2011 13: 54 New
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    Syria will be "rocking" from the inside ....
    1. Sergh
      Sergh 13 October 2011 14: 42 New
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      Syria is just so you can’t shake. Have you seen what they are doing with barefoot? They drive them into a corner, surround them, and then destroy them all! They crush them like cockroaches there, despite the western screech. And they don’t disdain any technique, well done!
      Soon our ships will catch up with the Kuzya.
      1. ballian
        ballian 14 October 2011 10: 05 New
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        And what are they doing with barefoot? For half a year they have not been able to suppress mass demonstrations. Already from the Syrian army they began to massively side with the opposition right up to the colonels http://lenta.ru/articles/2011/09/27/asaad/
  5. ZEBRASH
    ZEBRASH 13 October 2011 14: 42 New
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    Yes, there is something for NATO to embed fellow
  6. Boos24
    Boos24 13 October 2011 15: 34 New
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    Correctly they will not attack, they are used to fighting with kof. 100 to - 1 will swing, but you can not allow Syria to defend any other valuable khan.
    The author forgot to say about "Pantsyr-S" in the Syrian air defense
    1. Jaguar
      Jaguar 13 October 2011 18: 17 New
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      The author also forgot about the Bastion coastal missile system
  7. LESHA pancake
    LESHA pancake 13 October 2011 15: 36 New
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    ASHAD NOW BETWEEN THE HAMMER AND VEHICLE.
  8. SCORPIO
    SCORPIO 13 October 2011 18: 41 New
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    Syrians are able to effectively fight their own people and preferably unarmed. Armament is ideal for fighting all the same people. Against an attack from outside this junk is unlikely to be enough. And if the opponent is competent, then the chances are zero. May Allah help them !!!
  9. kosmos84 13 October 2011 21: 06 New
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    I think, Syria will not only beat off but give the freaks a light, but we need to put air defense systems in the form of a homunitar
    1. Marat
      Marat 14 October 2011 01: 30 New
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      But it really is - air defense supplies for Syria (and for Iran too) are a real "humanitarian aid" - what else to call it - it will save lives and possibly prevent a "humanitarian catastrophe" - that is, NATO’s aggression
  10. fedor
    fedor 13 October 2011 22: 01 New
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    Alas, friends, Syria will not last long, I had a lot of “work” with the Syrian military. Weak little they are "warriors". There are, there are quite good formations and units, but there are few of them and they are the country's defense task if the Turks, Israelis, aviation and NATO special forces and so on fall at the same time and do not solve it. Russia and China can do little to help.
  11. Owl
    Owl 13 October 2011 22: 09 New
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    Given the fact that Russia and China vetoed the resolution of the corrupt pro-American-pro-European UN, Syria has a chance to deal with internal enemies, find out funding channels and strengthen air defense (NATO will help little) and prepare anti-sabotage units to meet with Anglo-Saxons.
  12. rumpeljschtizhen 14 October 2011 00: 10 New
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    I think, Syria will not only beat off but give the freaks a light

    All This Amer passed in Iraq and successfully
  13. Bob
    Bob 14 October 2011 00: 19 New
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    Russia and China, having blocked the UN resolution on Syria, only extended its existence, but did not cancel the plans of the aggressor - NATO. Now, if you could help them with something. S-300, for example. But will our president, who blocked the supply of the S-300 to Iran a year ago to the great pleasure of the United States and Israel, do this?
  14. Max79 14 October 2011 00: 50 New
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    Syria needs to unite with Iran, and if so, that it’s to “get stuck” in a situation together. Iran alone can be gouged. After all, the USA almost never alone attacks, together with its own pack of “sixes” ...
  15. erix-xnumx 14 October 2011 11: 25 New
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    In the photo in the article is not “Carnation”, but 152 mm SG 2C-3 “Acacia”.
    1. Sergh
      Sergh 17 October 2011 21: 00 New
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      Yes, you’re right, I’ve already looked more closely, jamb!
      http://topwar.ru/4415-akaciya-152-mm-samohodnaya-gaubica.html


      Carnation, different things. Self-propelled 122-mm howitzer 2С1 "Carnation"

  16. dred
    dred 23 October 2011 16: 01 New
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    Syrians are allies to us or not?