Military Review

Small size, large caliber

33
Small size, large caliber

In 1987 – 1989, the system of domestic small arms was replenished with unique products created at TsNIITOCHMASH: a silent sniper complex that included a special sniper rifle “Vintorez” and a special 9-mm sniper cartridge SP5; unified with Vintorez, a silent automaton complex — a special automatic submachine gun (“Val”) and a cartridge with increased penetrability SP6.


For melee

The SP5 and SP6 9x39 cartridges were developed specifically for use in silent complexes - the subsonic initial speed of heavy bullets was combined with stability on the trajectory at a distance of 400 meters, high breakdown and stopping action.

The characteristics of the 9 x39 cartridges, however, have proven to be very useful for this type of weaponsas small-sized (shortened) machines. A low recoil impulse with a high impact at a short range, a lower sound pressure level when fired than a conventional automatic cartridge, a lower tendency of a low-speed bullet to ricochets. All this ensured the creation of small arms, comparable in mass and size characteristics with machine guns (with which small-sized machine guns also share a “tactical niche”), but noticeably superior to them in firepower, especially suitable for use in populated areas, close rooms, etc. .

The range of aimed shooting, limited by 400 meters, is already a very good indicator for a small-sized machine gun. In any case, it is twice the range of aimed shooting of 9-mm submachine guns. Special armor-piercing cartridges SP6 allow you to hit the enemy in body armor up to 3-th class of protection under the current GOST at a distance of 200 meters.

It is not surprising that at the beginning of the 90-s, such a weapon was interested in law enforcement agencies, whose requirements were not fully met by the 5,45-mm shortened machine gun AKS74У. And soon were presented 9-mm samples chambered for 9х39. There was a kind of direction - small-sized machines for low-speed large-caliber cartridges. Subsequently, these "noisy" products, which became the heirs of special complexes, themselves made a curious evolution, having served as the basis for new silent automata and sniper rifles, the benefit, which was used by the used cartridges.

Family from the banks of the river Upa

The designers of the Tula TsKIB SOO, VN Telesh, and Yu. V. Lebedev, developed an OTs-9 “Tiss” submachine gun 39х11. Since its production was planned to be adjusted for TOZ, it was as unified as possible with the serial 5,45-mm automatic machine AKS74U. However, "Tiss" (mass 2,5 kg without cartridges and length 490 mm with a folded butt) remained experienced. The same designers, by the way, created another version of the weapon chambered for 9x19, which was more successful - the modular shooting complex OC-14-A “Thunderstorm-4”, but this is a different topic.


Of the small-sized machines, the 9-91 model created by the Tula instrument-making design bureau under the direction of V. P. Gryazev (then KBP and TsKIB SOO were not yet merged) was much more fortunate. The machine system is designed independently. At the same time, we paid attention to the production and economic parameters of the weapon, trying to make it simpler and cheaper to manufacture, which provided him with a certain preference on the part of the customer. At the same time, a cheaper cartridge of the PUB-9 type 9х39 was created - the special cartridges SP5 and SP6 are still quite expensive.

Automatics 9А-91 - with a gas engine, with a long stroke of a gas piston, and to give the piston rod the required length, the gas chamber is extended forward from the gas outlet. The barrel is locked by turning the bolt with four lugs. The trigger type trigger mechanism allows for single and automatic fire. The manual non-automatic translator-fuse is mounted on the right; when the fuse is turned on, its flag closes the slot for the reloading handle.

Detachable store - box-shaped, straight, double-row with a chess arrangement of cartridges. Handguard and pistol grip - from injection-molded impact-resistant plastic, handguard is composed of two symmetrical halves (cheeks). To reduce the width, a folding up-and-up butt (steel stamped) and a folding reloading handle on the slide frame are used.

The bullet of the SP6 cartridge or the PUB-9, released from the 9-91, at a distance of up to 400 meters, is guaranteed to hit a live target in a bullet-proof vest of the 2 level of protection.

Removable devices include a collimator sight. A compensator in the form of a sloping protrusion (spoon-shaped) or an expansion muffler can be mounted on the muzzle of the barrel.

From 1994, 9А-91 is supplied to law enforcement agencies, the production was led by the KBP in cooperation with the Kovrov Mechanical Plant.

And already in 1995, the KBP, as part of the 9-91 family of weapons, introduced the VSK-9 silent 94-mm automatic sniper rifle. It can be used with SP5, SP6 cartridges, their counterparts 7Н9 and 7Н12, as well as with PUB-9. The rifle has been used in various law enforcement structures as a weapon for the hidden destruction of manpower (including in the means of individual armor) and unarmored objects at a distance of up to 400 meters. In 2002, VSK-94 was adopted by the army. Automation and locking unit barrel rifle are completely similar to 9A-91. 20 and 10 ammunition magazines can be used; when using the latter, the impact of ammunition consumption on the weapon balance is reduced. Declared scattering diameter when firing at a distance of 100 meters no more than 10 centimeters.

The transformation of the 9А-91 submachine gun into a silent sniper rifle was accompanied by the installation of a removable silencer, a detachable plastic frame butt with a rubber shock absorber, made integral with the pistol grip. The silencer (or the silent and flameless device - PBS) significantly reduces the sound level when fired and completely eliminates the muzzle flame. The absence of a muzzle flame has a positive effect on the work of night vision sights. The design of the muffler is not replaceable elements. Since the trigger mechanism allows for single and automatic fire, the FAC-94 can be used as an automatic weapon in close combat.

The standard plate on the left side of the receiver allows mounting of the sights - daylight PKS-07 or nighttime PKN-03М (both with an aiming mark in the form of a red dot). The glowing red dot reduces the time for re-targeting when shooting with the transfer of the aiming point. The PKS-07 with the magnification of 7 has a simple elliptical rangefinder in sight - quick determination of the distance is especially important for weapons with low speed bullets. The PKN-OZM night sight allows targeted fire on a moonless cloudy night at a distance of up to 200 meters, and in the light of the Moon - up to 350 meters. To improve visibility, the sight has a switchable infrared illuminator. The VSK-94 was also demonstrated with a PSO-1-1 daylight optical sight. The rifle's open aiming device is designed for 100, 200, 300 and 400 shooting distances.

Like the VSK-94 rifle mentioned at the beginning of the article, the VSS rifle is easily disassembled for carrying in a special case. Build it takes about one minute.

Klimovsky "Whirlwind"

Among the first small-sized automaton for cartridges such as 9x39 presented TsNIITOCHMASH (Klimovsk). Naturally, the weapons were developed by A. D. Borisov, V. N. Levchenko and A. I. Tyshlykov on the basis of the noiseless AS “Val”. The new sample, created in 1994, received the designation MA "Whirlwind", and later - the index CP3 (the abbreviation CP is defined as a special development).

Automatic weapons - with a gas engine and a long stroke gas piston rigidly connected with the bolt carrier, the barrel is locked by turning the bolt with six lugs. Since CP3, unlike the base sample, is devoid of an integrated silencer, its barrel does not have openings for exhausting powder gases to the silencer. The rifling of the barrel is made with variable steepness, which should increase the stability of the bullet on the trajectory and accuracy of fire. The barrel is equipped with a flame arrester compensator. SR3 inherited from the base machine a relatively “soft” work of automation.

The firing-trigger firing mechanism permits single and automatic firing. Flag manual fuse CP3 made two-sided.






The machine is equipped with a plastic pistol grip and a plastic forearm with bulges that prevent the forward movement of the brush to the barrel muzzle. A metal butt with a folding shoulder rest is folded forward upwards so as not to increase the width of the weapon. For the same purpose, instead of the reloading handle, notched grips (engines) are used on the sides, above the forearm.

The open aiming device includes a front sight and reversible two-position rear sight. The box-shaped plastic detachable shops of the sector form with a capacity of 10 and 20 cartridges are borrowed from silent predecessors - the BCC rifle and the AU machine gun.

The small size and sleek contours allowed the use of CP3 and 9А-91 submachine guns, including as a concealment weapon.

Further development of the CP3 machine in accordance with the requirements of the security forces, gave the CP3М modification, characterized by greater versatility. CP3M can be used as a small machine gun or machine gun with a reduced level of shot sound, with day or night sights. This made it possible to offer it for armament of special units of the FSB and the Ministry of Internal Affairs as an analogue (albeit more expensive) of the 9А-91 submachine gun and its modifications. The CP3M, which has become a continuation of a special speaker, can now replace its prototype, while possessing more extensive applications.

On the slide frame CP3M appeared reload handle. The opt-out fuse box is on the right side. The type of fire translator is designed as a transverse button and is located behind the trigger. The coupling on the muzzle of the barrel allows you to mount a removable silencer (PBS). The machine gun received a left-side frame butt, a new forearm, on which a folding front hold handle was hinged.

The weapon can be used both with the former magazines on 10 and 20 cartridges, as well as with a new magazine of capacity increased to 30 cartridges.

Izhevsk "nine"

If the designers of TsKIB SOO, as mentioned above, made an experienced 9-mm machine based on AKS74U, then the designers of Izhevsk Machine-Building Plant (Izhmash), starting the development of their small-sized counterpart for the same cartridges later, took AK 100th series as the basis. As a result, among the modern Kalashnikov assault rifles manufactured by Izhmash, there are samples for cartridges of the type 9x39, 7,62x39, 5,45x39, 5,56x45.

Izhevsk AK-9 was presented at Interpolitex-2005. Its modified version was demonstrated to the public in 2009 at the “GROWTH-2009” exhibition, at the same time its pilot production for the arming of special law enforcement units was announced.

Automatics and a barrel bore locking unit are similar to the AK74М machine with changes caused by the use of a different cartridge. The trigger mechanism allows for the maintenance of single and automatic fire and is equipped with a flag non-automatic translator-fuse.

On the left side of the receiver has a standard strap for installing an optical, collimator or night sight. The open aiming device includes a front sight and a sector sight, notched at a distance of up to 400 meters. On the bottom end there is a Picattini-type rail that allows you to mount a flashlight, a laser designator, or other devices (for example, a front retention handle) on a weapon. The forend, pistol grip and butt are made of impact-resistant plastic (polyamide) in black, the butt is folded to the right, just like the base machine.

A removable silencer can be mounted on the muzzle of the barrel. Powered by cartridges - from a two-row detachable plastic magazine with a capacity of 20 cartridges.
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33 comments
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  1. vietnam7
    vietnam7 26 October 2013 08: 57 New
    +8
    Well, now there will be "well-read specialists" and will find fault and compare with the German MP5, as in the case of the recent article about the Vintorez. At VSK, the muffler seems to be non-separable, they said that the principle is the dirtier the quieter it works, on what this principle is based, educate people who know and use it.
    1. bazilio
      bazilio 26 October 2013 16: 54 New
      +1
      Quote: vietnam7
      will fault and compare with German mp5

      Yes, it was ... even if we compare, then because of the cartridge mp-5 already loses.
      1. crazyrom
        crazyrom 26 October 2013 19: 30 New
        +2
        Tell me please someone, why do there exist 2 varieties of Val and Vintorez? How much I don’t read, I can’t understand everything, because they are exactly the same, like? Well, Val officially has no optics, but in the photo he got the same sight as on Vintorez, and everything seems to be the same (except for the butt). So why their 2?
        1. Serg 122
          Serg 122 27 October 2013 00: 28 New
          +3
          A lot - not a little ... laughing
        2. Wedmak
          Wedmak 27 October 2013 22: 29 New
          +1
          Vintorez is more a sniper rifle, shooting bursts from it is not welcome, although it is possible.
          VAL - already automatic, folding butt, enlarged store.
          Here is what I know.
        3. bullet
          bullet 28 October 2013 15: 53 New
          +2
          BCC - a special sniper rifle (index 6P29) - has a detachable butt, a full-time magazine for 10 rounds, is staffed with a PSO-1M2 sight (the number of a fixed sight is marked on the left side of the receiver in the vicinity of the landing place for the sight), according to the instruction manual for the main nomenclature the ammunition used is the SP5 sniper cartridge (or the new 7N9 cartridge), the barrel is cooled after 90 rounds, according to technical conditions the accuracy of fire is estimated across 6 groups of 10 rounds.
          AS - a special machine gun (index 6P30) - a metal folding butt, a magazine for 20 rounds, the main nomenclature of cartridges armor-piercing SP6 (or 7N12), is not regularly equipped with a sight, cooling after 80 rounds, accuracy is estimated when shooting in bursts of 3 groups of 20 rounds (SvhSb )
          Also, in connection with the main range of ammunition used, the samples differ in the diameter of the gas outlet. Well, the accuracy of the manufacture of trunks. Basically, probably all.
          1. bullet
            bullet 28 October 2013 16: 56 New
            0
            Forgot ... the covers and pouches are also different.
            1. bullet
              bullet 28 October 2013 17: 01 New
              +1
              Another speaker is equipped with an adapter and clips for accelerated equipment stores.
          2. bullet
            bullet 28 October 2013 17: 07 New
            0
            In order to avoid discrepancies, I’ll add: accuracy is estimated as an average of 3 (6) (respectively, see above) groups.
  2. Timeout
    Timeout 26 October 2013 09: 10 New
    21
    How they were not enough when adopted. But for some reason, first they entered the Ministry of Internal Affairs, it is very difficult to explain, especially in those years. Then, during the companies, it was interesting to observe how the riot police carried out stripping operations in settlements after us, flaunting these trunks. Everyone stubbornly claimed that the Czechs did not have this weapon, and it was simply impossible to get it on the black market. So after they destroyed one of the gangs, almost 40 VSS and AS barrels were seized. Then we learned that all the weapons had left the UFSIN warehouses.
    1. bazilio
      bazilio 26 October 2013 16: 59 New
      +7
      Quote: Timeout
      Then we learned that all the weapons had left the UFSIN warehouses.

      I think this is not an isolated case, the Czechs were probably selling not only screw cutters, but also a lot of other things. the more absurd this situation looks - to sell weapons to those against whom your compatriots are fighting. this is what you need to be in order to do this .....
      1. Timeout
        Timeout 26 October 2013 17: 14 New
        10
        Cases all the time! But why noiseless trunks to the guard? And even at that time they didn’t really appear in the army?
    2. Witold
      Witold 26 October 2013 19: 16 New
      -3
      Quote: Timeout
      But for some reason, first they entered the Ministry of Internal Affairs, it’s very difficult to explain,

      Dissenters and competitors shoot.
      1. kot11180
        kot11180 27 October 2013 18: 44 New
        0
        in general, they appeared in special forces in Afghanistan (shaft, vsk), and in the Ministry of Internal Affairs only in the 90s and then - 9a91
        1. Timeout
          Timeout 28 October 2013 12: 59 New
          +2
          Dear, look at my avatar. Kandahar 87-88, and the barrels after 91 were put into service. And he first appeared not in the army, in "Alpha" in 87, and this is the KGB. In the same years, I saw a rapid reaction regiment in the 36th convoy division of the explosives ...
  3. report4
    report4 26 October 2013 09: 47 New
    +1
    Hm. PAB-9 for some reason is constantly remembered, it was released for a short time and was discontinued, but no - in every article about 9x39 it is written about it.
  4. makarov
    makarov 26 October 2013 10: 29 New
    +4
    Unfortunately, the information is by no means new. I would like to know something about the latest developments.
  5. Droid
    Droid 26 October 2013 11: 30 New
    +4
    This is a small recoil impulse compared to AKM, while the same AKS74U impulse is less than 9A91.
    In close combat, the PP surpasses the 9x39 submachine gun due to the lower recoil momentum and greater accuracy from unstable positions.
    Shooting even at 200 m in the chest is not an easy task due to poor trajectory persistence.

    The cartridge is designed for silent weapons and as such it is one of the best.
    1. Rex
      Rex 26 October 2013 11: 45 New
      +1
      Quote: Droid

      Shooting even at 200 m in the chest is not an easy task due to poor trajectory persistence.


      Exactly. And up to "400 m"? The bullet is capable, the barrel itself is not capable of aiming something at such ranges. Although the car is probably possible
      1. Timeout
        Timeout 26 October 2013 12: 40 New
        +6
        You are mistaken! The barrel allows you to shoot at the declared distance, just solve the fire problem: The target is 400 meters, the bullet speed is 290 meters a second, the target’s speed is 1 m / s along the front. Not only will the bullet fly to the target for 1,5 seconds, you also need to introduce a correction for movement! You can shoot at a static target at a range of 400 meters.
        1. Droid
          Droid 26 October 2013 12: 49 New
          +4
          You are mistaken! The barrel allows you to shoot at the declared distance, just solve the fire problem: The target is 400 meters, the bullet speed is 290 meters a second, the target’s speed is 1 m / s along the front. Not only will the bullet fly to the target for 1,5 seconds, you also need to introduce a correction for movement! You can shoot at a static target at a range of 400 meters.

          But the target actually turned out to be at a distance of 450 m. The fall of the bullet 162 cm, undershot.
          Or 350 m, exceeding 123 cm, the bullet goes above the target.
        2. Rex
          Rex 26 October 2013 14: 33 New
          +1
          From 9A shot 1 time - MVDeshniki gave, incl. I do not pull on an expert in any way ..
          On the other hand, it is designed for a sighting range of 200 m. And shooting at 400 is already virtuosity.
          The men said that in fact they did not use it even 100%. They have it more like an "assault pistol"
    2. PSih2097
      PSih2097 26 October 2013 12: 36 New
      +4
      Quote: Droid
      Shooting even at 200 m in the chest is not an easy task due to poor trajectory persistence.

      200 - 250 meters with appropriate experience and skill is quite possible, but for 400 to the chest target it is only at the shooting range (in greenhouse conditions) ...
      Moreover, if I start a sniper duel between a standard sniper and a silent one at a distance of 300 - 400 meters, I will put it on a standard one (SVD, SVU, AK with optics) ...
  6. sub307
    sub307 26 October 2013 17: 29 New
    0
    Good specific info, thanks.
  7. StolzSS
    StolzSS 26 October 2013 18: 17 New
    +1
    Here I read the comments and am surprised, but how did I get to 400 hundreds with my shooting skills far from perfect ??? What do people write ?? Ali can’t shoot at all? what
    1. Peacemaker
      Peacemaker 28 October 2013 13: 35 New
      +2
      At the training ground, when the distance without problems is precisely known, and 350-400-450 meters from the eye is not so easy to determine if you are not a professional sniper, and a 50 meter error is about one and a half meters of vertical deflection of the bullet, as already written here .
  8. Freelancer7
    Freelancer7 26 October 2013 18: 53 New
    +2
    I would like another article about how these samples showed themselves. Those. adequate comparison from "working" hands.
  9. Massik
    Massik 26 October 2013 19: 30 New
    +1
    Articles about the "great and mighty" cartridge 9x39mm and weapons for it, are published regularly every month or two. Nothing new (((one copy-paste.
  10. MRomanovich
    MRomanovich 26 October 2013 20: 07 New
    +6
    A couple of years ago I came across information about testing by the Americans BCC and Whirlwind. As far as I understand, single units were tested (which was to be expected), plus they were limited in the number of rounds, but they were tested with both: SP-5 and SP-6. It seems they shot from 150 meters, if not mistaken. Accuracy was estimated at 1-2 MOA. They also shot at bulletproof vests (BCC cartridge SP-6), while the 2nd-class vest was stitched, the 4th bullet did not penetrate, but got stuck, but it knocked out a bulge of 1cm and a diameter of 5 cm on the last plate. I just don’t know do their classes coincide with ours. I don’t remember all the details, but they really liked the weapon.
  11. Bogranz
    Bogranz 27 October 2013 13: 27 New
    +4
    I had to somehow talk to a state soldier, a former compatriot who serves as an instructor for shooting training at one of the bases. Vintorez considers it simply a masterpiece of small arms.
  12. NORILCHANIN
    NORILCHANIN 27 October 2013 16: 55 New
    +5
    Quote: bazilio
    Quote: Timeout
    Then we learned that all the weapons had left the UFSIN warehouses.

    I think this is not an isolated case, the Czechs were probably selling not only screw cutters, but also a lot of other things. the more absurd this situation looks - to sell weapons to those against whom your compatriots are fighting. this is what you need to be in order to do this .....

    JACKAL.
    1. kilgor
      kilgor 3 November 2013 11: 33 New
      0
      It’s a pity that it was gone
  13. NORILCHANIN
    NORILCHANIN 27 October 2013 16: 55 New
    +1
    Quote: bazilio
    Quote: Timeout
    Then we learned that all the weapons had left the UFSIN warehouses.

    I think this is not an isolated case, the Czechs were probably selling not only screw cutters, but also a lot of other things. the more absurd this situation looks - to sell weapons to those against whom your compatriots are fighting. this is what you need to be in order to do this .....

    JACKAL.
    1. Rinat 1
      Rinat 1 27 October 2013 17: 13 New
      0
      Exactly, JACK !!!
      1. maxvet
        maxvet 27 October 2013 20: 21 New
        +3
        Quote: Rinat 1
        Exactly, JACK !!!

        do not offend the small predator of the canine family deservedly occupying its ecological niche
  14. kilgor
    kilgor 30 October 2013 22: 20 New
    0
    Good rifle !! Although you can’t call a rifle more likely an automatic machine with optics! There is only one thing - I don’t see the point of trying to hit the target in a clip!
    1. Sniperxnumx
      Sniperxnumx 6 May 2014 19: 58 New
      0
      This rifle is not intended to be fired for a long time ... This sniper system operates on the "Shot-Hidden" principle