Military Review

Truck Opel Blitz: Wehrmacht workhorse

The German truck Opel Blitz (German: Blitz - lightning) was actively used by the Wehrmacht during the Second World War. There were several generations of this famous truck, which differed both in design and construction. Different versions of the car were made from 1930 to 1975's. At the same time, only the first generation 1930-1954 cars in modernized versions (after 1937 of the year) are the most famous in Russia. They became known because of their widespread use by the Wehrmacht, including on the Eastern Front, and also because of the significant availability of captured cars.

Truck Opel Blitz is recognized as the best three-ton truck of the Wehrmacht. At the same time, it is the only truck that was produced throughout the war until the defeat of Germany. This truck was produced on a specially built for this purpose car factory of Opel in Brandenburg - “an exemplary national socialist enterprise”. Since 1944, Daimler-Benz has joined the production of this truck. Of the three-ton Opel Blitz trucks that were produced by 129 795, approximately 100 thousands were delivered directly to the Wehrmacht and the SS troops, while the rest were used in the defense industries of Nazi Germany.

Opel Blitz is considered to be one of the best and most popular German trucks. Its design was standard, while differing in reliability and relative simplicity. On the basis of this truck was built a large number of various special purpose machines. In addition, its modifications were produced, equipped with engines of different power. Produced as all-wheel drive model of the car. In order to save scarce metal, at the very end of the war, the Germans began to produce trucks with wooden ersatz cabins.

Opel Blitz 3.6-6700A

On the basis of the Opel Blitz truck, many special cars were built - ambulances, workshops, mobile radio stations, buses, fire trucks, etc. Often this chassis was also used to house small-caliber anti-aircraft guns. The bodies of most Opel Blitz trucks had the appearance of a platform with wooden boards and an awning installed, but trucks were also equipped with metal body-wagons.

The German company Opel enjoyed special respect from the Nazi government, which in the second half of the 20th century 30 quickly became a leader in terms of automobile production and became Germany’s largest manufacturer of army trucks of the Blitz series.

In March 1929, the American company General Motors acquired a stake in 80% in Adam Opel. At the same time, Opel was the first company in Germany to establish a bank and an insurance company to finance car sales on credit. In 1931, the American company expanded its stake in Adam Opel to full 100%. At the same time, Opel received 33,3 million dollars for both deals, turning into 100% subsidiary of General Motors. Curiously, this company actively funded the Nazi Party in the 1933 parliamentary elections of the year. The company employed about 13 thousands of people who collected up to 500 cars and 6000 bikes every day.

As a result of the inflow of foreign investment in the middle of the 1930-s, Opel held the second wave of restructuring and reconstruction of production. In total, 190 days in Brandenburg built a new assembly plant of the company, and also created a network of German enterprises - subcontractors who were engaged in the supply of components. Huge investments made it possible to increase the number of the company's staff by almost 40%. In 1936, Opel already produced the 120 923 vehicle per year, becoming the largest car manufacturer in Europe.

In the 1937 year, after long years, during which Opel was also the largest manufacturer of bicycles, the company decided to stop their production, transferring it to NSU. It was decided to concentrate fully on the production of automotive vehicles. In 1940, the millionth car was produced in a German company.

Since the American leadership of GM, which owned the company at the time, was opposed to the release of military products, by the beginning of the war Opel Blitz was late, until the 1940, the factory only collected a civilian version of the truck. However, in 1940, Opel was nationalized by the Nazis. At the same time in October 1940, the assembly of passenger cars was completely stopped. From 1940, the Opel Blitz truck began to arrive in the army. During the Second World War, the company's enterprises supplied about half of the total number of trucks in the German army.

Military personnel 5th tank SS Viking divisions (5 SS-Panzer-Division „Wiking“) repair the wheels of the Opel Blitz 3.6-36S truck

Opel Blitz truck

As a result, the unified 3-ton truck "Blitz" of models "3,6-36S" (4х2) and "3,6-6700А" (4-4) received the greatest popularity and spread among the troops. These cars were produced from 1937 year in large numbers - about 95 thousands of copies. These were durable and easy-to-operate vehicles with a tonnage of 3,3 and 3,1 tons, respectively. The machines were distinguished by the presence of closed all-metal cabins, a high heatsink with a vertical lining and an emblem in the form of a lightning stroke, as well as stamped rounded wings.

These trucks were equipped with a solid spar frame consisting of U-shaped steel profiles. Also installed on the machine 6-cylinder engine volume 3,6 liter, he was borrowed from the passenger car Opel Admiral. Also on the truck was mounted a dry single-plate clutch, a new 5-speed gearbox, hydraulic brake, threaded axles on longitudinal semi-elliptical springs and rear dual wheels. Cars of both types received tires of the same size 7,25-20 with a developed tread pattern. Only two of these trucks were released in approximately 70 and 25 thousand series, respectively. At the same time, in the 1944-1945, the Daimler-Benz concern produced even more 3,5 thousands of Blitz rear-wheel drive trucks equipped with a simplified cab under the Mercedes-Benz index L701.

The basic rear-wheel drive truck model “3,6-36S” (Blitz-S) had a gross weight of 5800 kg and was produced from 1937 to 1944 year. The car had a wheelbase 3600 mm, and its curb weight was 2500 kg. The car was supplied with one fuel tank with a capacity of 82 liter and was adapted for towing a two-ton trailer. From 1940, parallel to the factories, Opel produced a four-wheel drive version under the designation "3,6-6700А" (Blitz-A), which was equipped with an additional two-stage transfer case and a wheelbase shortened to 3450 mm. In addition, the car differed slightly grown gauge and greater capacity of the fuel tank - 92 liters. The curb weight of the all-wheel drive version was 3350 kg. The maximum allowable weight when driving on the highway - 6450 kg, on the ground - 5700 kg. The truck could travel at speeds up to 90 km / h on the highway, and fuel consumption, depending on the traffic condition, was equal to 25-40 liters per 100 km, the power reserve was 230-320 km.

The fact that the carburetor six-cylinder in-line engine was installed on the Opel Blitz from the Opel Admiral car with a displacement of 3626 cube. see, it was common practice for those years. At 3120 rpm, this engine produced the 73,5 hp, which coincided in power with that of the Soviet ZIS-5, but the volume of the German engine was less. The engine crankcase was aluminum, and the cylinder head was made from gray iron. For every 100 km of run, the car spent 26 liters on asphalt and 35 liters on primer. The maximum range on the highway was 320 km.

The main advantage of the German truck was its high speed. On a good road, the “Lightning” could reach 90 km / h. The reason for such a good indicator for a truck of those years was the use in the main gear of the same gear ratio (equal to 43 / 10) as on the Opel Admiral automobile. However, this decision led to the fact that the Blitz did not cope well with towing heavy trailers, and the use of the trailer on the roads was completely ruled out.

The compression ratio was also related to the "light vehicle" value - 6 units, which required the use of only first-grade gasoline. For this reason, the use of captured gasoline on the Eastern Front was almost completely excluded. Because of this, in January 1942, in Germany, began to produce modifications with a reduced degree of compression in the engine. Thus, it was adapted to use 56 gasoline, and the gear ratio in the main gear was also increased. In the course of the changes, the engine power decreased only to 68 hp, and the maximum speed on the highway fell to 80 km / h. In order for the car to maintain the same power reserve, it was equipped with a 92-liter fuel tank. Fuel consumption at the same time increased to 30 liters on the highway and to 40 liters on dirt roads.

Opel Blitz TLF15

Opel Blitz based machines

The Opel Blitz 3-ton class trucks were used in almost all the fascist German military formations and performed all the military functions of cargo transportation, towing light artillery pieces, carrying infantry, carrying special superstructures. Various models of wood-metal and wooden bodies with different heights of sides, with awnings and with benches, numerous variants of rectangular model wagons or special structures with various components were installed on the trucks. Fuel tankers, tanks, fire trucks, gas generators, etc. were created on this chassis. Cars for SS units were equipped with mostly closed all-metal bodies for special purposes.

The German company "Miesen" installed on the standard Blitz chassis rounded sanitary bodies, which were intended to transport the wounded or to accommodate field laboratories and operating rooms. In the midst of the war, the company based on truck data produced a number of simple army multipurpose fire trucks. The base was a typical car pump LF15 on the rear-wheel drive chassis, equipped with a simplified closed wood-metal body with a double cab. At the rear was a water pump with 1500 performance l / min. The TLF15 fire tanker truck was already installed on an all-wheel drive base and was equipped with an openly located water tank with a volume of 2000 liters.

A variant of the basic rear-wheel drive version of the car were two cars with an extended base and 3,5 ton-carrying capacity - the Opel Blitz "3,6-42" and "3,6-47", which had wheelbases in 4200 and 4650 mm, respectively. Gross vehicle weight was 5,7 and 6,1 tons. These cars are also equipped with a variety of options on-board bodies, special superstructures and equipment, vans. These trucks have not received wide distribution. The Wehrmacht used them mainly for the installation of closed bodies with a double cabin, they also put fire-fighting equipment and water pumps Koebe. In the flatbed trucks Blitz 3,6-47 usually installed machine-gun or cannon systems with a supply of ammunition.

Opel Blitz W39

The most famous performance of the Blitz 3,6-47 truck chassis was the army bus W39, which had a full metal body made by Ludewig (Ludwig). The capacity of the bus was 30-32 seats. From 1939 to 1944, the year 2880 of such buses was released. Opel Blitz W39 buses were used to transport Wehrmacht officers, calculating armored vehicles, which were delivered along the highway on trailers. They were also used as ambulances, staff posts, printing presses, mobile sound stations, etc. All of these options could develop on the highway the same speed as the basic version of the truck, and their average fuel consumption was 30 liters per 100 km.

In 1942-1944, Opel also produced 3,6 thousand semi-tracked 36-ton SSM (Sd.Kfz.4) Maultier (Mul) series XXUMUM-2S chassis on its 3-19S chassis. On these trucks, a lightweight tracked propulsion unit from the British carden-Loyd wedge-shoes was used. Germany bought the license for its production from Great Britain before the outbreak of war. “Mules” were equipped with four disk support rollers on a lever-spring balanced suspension, as well as a steering device with a mechanical system for changing the speed of rewinding of the tracks, which allowed the tractor to perform more sharp turns. When using only the front steering wheels, the turning radius was equal to 15 meters, and with a slowdown of one of the thrusters - 225 meters. The ground clearance of the car has grown from 270 to XNUMX mm.

In terms of performance, the Opel semi-tracked truck was the most successful option in the Maultier series, it occupied an intermediate position between similar vehicles of Klöckner-Deutz Magirus and Ford. Gross vehicle weight was 5930 kg, fuel consumption - 50 liters per 100 km. In this case, the truck tractor could reach speeds of no more than 38 km / h. The disadvantages of the car called the increased load on the transmission, low speed, which was artificially limited due to the rapid wear of propulsion elements and, oddly enough, poor permeability. Of the total 2130 numbers manufactured, such half-tracked trucks were sent to the Eastern Front.

Truck Opel Blitz: Wehrmacht workhorse
Opel Maultier

Already at the height of the war, an 3,6 launcher Sd.Kfz.36 / 300, the first German self-propelled salvo-fire systems, was assembled on an 4-1S / SSM semi-armored chassis with an anti-aircraft gun or a searchlight. They were equipped with a package of 10 tubular rails designed to launch missiles caliber 158,5 mm. The maximum firing range was 6,9 km. The Germans tried to oppose these machines to the Soviet "Katyushas". Partially armored chassis could also be used as ammunition conveyors, but all such constructions were slow-moving and too heavy.

In the summer of 1944, as a result of the bombing of the Allied forces, both of Opel’s main plants were seriously destroyed. The production of 3-ton trucks had to be transferred to the Daimler-Benz plant. After the war, the surviving equipment from Brandenburg was taken to the Soviet Union. And the company Opel again with the American help was able to restore its production, the release of the famous Opel Blitz trucks was continued.

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  1. saag
    saag 6 February 2015 06: 55
    how he looks like on a gas-51 :-)
    1. Fitter65
      Fitter65 6 February 2015 07: 30
      But the GAZ-51, on the contrary, looks more like it, considering that the first GAZ-51 (or rather a car with this designation appeared in 1944.
      1. Sanovich
        Sanovich 25 December 2019 22: 59
        Designing the base car GAZ-51, began in February 1937.
        In June 1938, the production of units began, in January 1939 - assembly, and in May the first car entered the road tests, which ended in July 1940.
    2. Wheel
      Wheel 6 February 2015 07: 46
      Quote: saag
      how he looks like on a gas-51 :-)

      In fact, the GAZ-51 cabin is almost copied from Studebaker's US6.
      Moreover, the first prototypes of GAZ-63 trucks in the year 43 were equipped with Studer cabs received by Lend-Lease.
      Then they modernized and the cabin of the 51st turned out.
      Photo Studebaker.
      1. saag
        saag 6 February 2015 07: 49
        Well, a student, I would say the ancestor of Zil-157
        1. Wheel
          Wheel 6 February 2015 08: 03
          Quote: saag
          Well, a student, I would say the ancestor of Zil-157

          Ancestor of ZIS-151, to be exact.
          But it was about the cab, not the car as a whole.
          1. AlNikolaich
            AlNikolaich 6 February 2015 10: 04
            Quote: Wheel
            Quote: saag
            Well, a student, I would say the ancestor of Zil-157

            Ancestor of ZIS-151, to be exact.
            But it was about the cab, not the car as a whole.

            I agree! At the first ZIS151 bridges were from Gaz63, and they were equipped with hydraulic brakes.
            But the lawn engine leads a pedigree from Gaz11, very similar to the American
            engine from the Dodge. And the ZIS-120 motor is purely our development! At least explicit
            borrowing does not occur ...
            And it is characteristic that our auto industry of those times has more American features than European ones, both in terms of technology and ideology.
            1. jjj
              jjj 6 February 2015 13: 14
              I even managed to control the ZiSom-151. He has a very tight steering wheel and a large turning radius. Compared to him ZIL-157 - song
              1. Ze Kot
                Ze Kot 6 February 2015 22: 11
                If the ZIL-157 song, then I am horrified by the ZIS-151 smile
                1. Bayonet
                  Bayonet 7 February 2015 06: 30
                  Quote: The Cat
                  If the ZIL-157 song, then I am horrified by the ZIS-151

                  At the harvest in 1973 (Kazakhstan) had a chance to tinker with this - they were boiling cool, we called them teapots!
                  1. wanderer_032
                    wanderer_032 7 February 2015 08: 26
                    Quote: Bayonet
                    At the harvest in 1973 (Kazakhstan) had a chance to tinker with this - they were boiling cool, we called them teapots!

                    To overheat the engine in which both the block and cylinder head are made of cast iron and plus the radiator made of copper or normal brass, this must be tried.

                    Those cars were very simple on the basis of mathematical equipment. There was nothing to break.

                    1. wanderer_032
                      wanderer_032 7 February 2015 08: 36
                      Video on the topic of the article. Truck Opel Blitz 1944 release, it seems the restorer-collector on the restoration.
                      Listen to how the engine has been working for over 60 years.

                      In technology, she didn’t! laughing good

                      Ours are no worse, but in some ways even better. Although the trophy trucks, our military drivers also liked it.
                      1. wanderer_032
                        wanderer_032 7 February 2015 08: 41
                        And this is the Opel Blitz with a gas generator. In the aftermath of war in Germany, it was very difficult with hydrocarbon fuel; the Germans adopted the experience of Russians.
                        Pay attention to the cab. It is made of wood (frame) and sheathed with sheet metal, as in the Russian ZISah and Lorry.

                      2. wanderer_032
                        wanderer_032 7 February 2015 08: 45
                        And here is a well-preserved instance.

                      3. wanderer_032
                        wanderer_032 7 February 2015 08: 47
                        Video from the exhibition of rare military vehicles. Opel Blitz on the go.

    3. Bayonet
      Bayonet 7 February 2015 06: 27
      Quote: saag
      Well, a student, I would say the ancestor of Zil-157

      ZIL-157 - an off-road truck manufactured by the Plant named after Likhacheva (ZIL). It has been mass-produced since 1958. This is another song.
  • 78bor1973
    78bor1973 6 February 2015 08: 52
    The GAZ-51, compared to Opel, is a rather massive car.
    1. Argon
      Argon 6 February 2015 16: 11
      With the fabulous (at that time) investments of the pre-war time, the Germans could afford to release such a sophisticated truck, but in the conditions of the "total war" it was an unaffordable luxury. Some measures for material substitution are mentioned, but they were somewhat superficial and were taken too late. Opel did not have a targeted program to reduce labor intensity. The article is certainly interesting and informative, thanks to the author. By the way, the basis of the ZiS-120 engine was one of the models of the Marmon company.
  • Normal
    Normal 6 February 2015 07: 00
    Thanks to the author for the work.
  • svp67
    svp67 6 February 2015 07: 12
    Truck Opel Blitz - Wehrmacht workhorse
    This is such a significant car for Opel that even the old brand name
    was replaced by "blitz" ...
    1. Landwarrior
      Landwarrior 6 February 2015 10: 00
      Quote: svp67
      This is such a significant car for Opel,

      that even the "Mercedes" won the competition, and on the Mersovskaya conveyors Blitz collected lol
    2. bazilio
      bazilio 6 February 2015 10: 01
      Opel- wir leben autos which means "Opel- we live by cars"
    3. The comment was deleted.
  • inkass_98
    inkass_98 6 February 2015 07: 42
    Thank you, quite detailed and not boring stated.
    At 3120 rpm, this engine produced 73,5 hp, which coincided in power with that of the Soviet ZIS-5, but the volume of the German engine was less.

    So the ZiS had more torque because of this, that the Germans quickly realized for themselves on the Eastern Front, when their equipment was stuck in mud and snow, and the captured ZiSs continued to creep forward.
  • Nero9119
    Nero9119 6 February 2015 07: 52
    The Germans had good equipment, but not for Russian conditions. Panthers, Tigers, Lightnings all failed in the Russian conditions of impassability, frost and the impassability of many sections of the front, which once again shows that our equipment should always be super reliable and passable.
  • Volga Cossack
    Volga Cossack 6 February 2015 08: 40
    good article. thank.
  • Uncle
    Uncle 6 February 2015 08: 44
    The disadvantages of the machine were the increased load on the transmission, low speed, which was artificially limited due to the rapid wear of the propulsion elements and, oddly enough, poor passability.
    I wonder what explained the poor cross? Still, the caterpillars ...
  • zoknyay82
    zoknyay82 6 February 2015 10: 09
    Thanks for the article, great review! There is a question about mounted bridges, I know split and continuous (hypoid), maybe an apache? :-) An employee who fought in the Second World War also said that this miracle of the German automobile industry was not lubricated with a solid syringe, but centrally, with a special pedal and a cab.
  • GRAY
    GRAY 6 February 2015 11: 26
    Interestingly, the most common half-track truck in the Wehrmacht was not Opel, but Ford.
    Pranksters Americans.
    Pictured ASPHM - Ford Maultier.
    1. datur
      datur 6 February 2015 11: 56
      so after all, to whom is war, and to whom is mother dear !!!! wink
  • vnord
    vnord 6 February 2015 13: 21
    Quote: AlNikolaich
    And the Zis-120 motor is purely our development! At least, there is no obvious borrowing ...

    Yes, and the tool and thread during assembly disassembling the internal combustion engine used an inch
    1. family tree
      family tree 6 February 2015 15: 58
      Quote: vnord
      Yes, and the tool and thread during assembly disassembling the internal combustion engine used an inch

      Crap fool you? winked The ZiS-120 was made on the basis of the ZiS-5, which in 32, to a large extent, was ripped off from the Hercules-WXB, only 13 more forces turned out. With an inch AMO-2 there were those that were assembled from American kits.
  • Kuranov V.
    Kuranov V. 6 February 2015 14: 59
    good article, plus
  • The centurion
    The centurion 6 February 2015 16: 31
    Quote: inkass_98
    At 3120 rpm, this engine gave out 73,5 hp, which coincided in power with that of the Soviet ZIS-5

    The picture shows the Opel Blitz 1930. Find 10 differences from ZIS-5.
  • The comment was deleted.
  • The centurion
    The centurion 6 February 2015 16: 34
    The picture shows the Opel Blitz 1930. Find 10 differences from ZIS-5.
    1. enot73
      enot73 6 February 2015 20: 31
      Quote: Centurion
      The picture shows the Opel Blitz 1930. Find 10 differences from ZIS-5.
      In fact, the ancestor of ZiS - 5. American AUTOCAR SA In the pictures of ZiS - 5 and AUTOCAR SA
      1. Bayonet
        Bayonet 7 February 2015 06: 34
        Quote: enot73
        In the pictures ZiS - 5 and AUTOCAR SA

        Twin brothers! smile
  • uzer 13
    uzer 13 6 February 2015 18: 33
    According to the characteristics of the Opel-Blitz, it is similar to domestic GAZ 51-GAZ-52 cars. Our 4-speed gearbox was installed, many without synchronizers 1-2 gears. Switching down from 3rd to 2nd was problematic, many still remember the terrible crack published by these cars. From the place they move off from 2nd gear, the first is used for off-road driving and at high load. The engine with a low compression ratio and lower valve timing is characterized by great elasticity and adaptability to loads. The hydraulic brake drive is the same, wheel disks , tires, their repair technology is the same.
    About gasoline on the eastern front, the truth is clear. When the Red Army received American trucks under Lend-Lease, it turned out that there was nothing to refuel them, since gasoline with such characteristics was not produced in the USSR. The Americans had to share the octane increase technology with tetraztyl lead, and such gasoline was produced until the end of the 90s.
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 7 February 2015 06: 38
      Quote: uzer 13
      According to the characteristics of the Opel-Blitz, it is similar to domestic GAZ 51-GAZ-52 cars. Our 4-speed gearbox was installed, many without synchronizers 1-2 gears. Switching down from 3rd to 2nd was problematic, many still remember the terrible crack published by these cars.

      On the 51st there were no synchronizers at all! And so that the cod does not need to be relocated, however now few people know about it ... the times are different - the technique is different. The article is good, there would be more of them! hi
      1. shishkin7676
        shishkin7676 4 January 2016 14: 26
        In the USA, for those who like to change gears without clutch release, custom-made gearboxes without synchronizers (such as GAZ 51, ZiS 150) I also liked this.
  • gfs84
    gfs84 6 February 2015 21: 10
    Since 1944, Daimler-Benz joined the production of this truck.

    I had a chance to read what happened, this action after A. Hitler made a riot about the fact that the Wehrmacht uses too much variety of automotive equipment, in contrast to the Red Army (Polutorka, ZiS-5, Gaz-M1, well, there was also Lend-Lease) , which complicates the supply of troops with consumables and spare parts (lengthens the supply chains if according to the current one) .... And for this, he almost ordered all manufacturers to take the "Lightning" of the company of Adam Opel as the "base" truck (note at that time this company de jure has long been owned by "general motors" from Detroit, in Michigan, which in turn was, and is still part of the United States) ... Auto companies, including the creation of Daimler and Benz, the Reich "under the hood" and begin to produce trucks similar to the Opel Blitz ... The key word - similar! The fact is that the design was tailored to Opelevsky, but the mate remained with everyone his own! .. Well, at least the "repairers" at the front were happy ....)))
    1. gfs84
      gfs84 6 February 2015 21: 20
      Here is something to confirm the above:
    2. Bayonet
      Bayonet 7 February 2015 15: 32
      Quote: gfs84
      One and a half, ZiS-5, Gas-M1 well, there was also Lend-Lease there)

      . According to official figures, by May 1, 1945, the Red Army had 218 thousand vehicles received under Lend-Lease. This accounted for more than a third of the total military fleet.
  • Denimax
    Denimax 6 February 2015 22: 11
    Now Opel as a car brand has a poor reputation. Although there are stubborn fans. smile
  • umka_
    umka_ 7 February 2015 10: 24
    I have a negative attitude towards German cars, all my grandfathers and great-grandfathers and even my grandmother fought. Not everyone returned from the war, most returned wounded. One grandfather went through a concentration camp. And how can I then ride on German cars after that or is there a German chocolatade for example.
    1. Bayonet
      Bayonet 8 February 2015 10: 10
      A car with it ???
      1. samoletil18
        samoletil18 8 February 2015 11: 19
        Quote: Bayonet
        A car with it ???

        They are created by the descendants of the enemy. And the behavior of Fuhrerin Merkel, indeed, is similar to neo-Nazism at the state level. Remember how, as a result of the 2008 crisis, GM decided to get rid of the Opel. The Germans poured urine on Lyashka more than anyone else: let anyone buy, but not Russia. And I'm not sure about the degree of localization, but from conversations with people who are in the subject, German cars are the most 'screwdriver' ones, although, I repeat, this is from conversations.
      2. denis02135
        denis02135 9 February 2015 23: 49
        Dear Bayonet

        JOKE COMMENT !!!

        But what about Japanese technology, these are also enemies and their descendants, remember the assembly in China Domansky Island, and even the iPhone and Nokia are still those enemies. So you have to drive to Lada without imported spare parts (FIAT forgot about the fascist Italy), but do you remember whose imported drugs, medical equipment SIEMENS whose?
        Of course, you can abandon everything imported just like living that. (in bast shoes and cabbage soup slurp) And most importantly, whose Internet?

        Once again a comic comment. PLEASE DO NOT BE ANGRY !!!
  • Status
    Status 7 February 2015 16: 37
    I was struck by a five-step gearbox and a single-plate dry clutch, in a car of the 30s!
  • rubin6286
    rubin6286 8 February 2015 11: 52
    The article is interesting. Thanks.
    After the war, industrial equipment was massively exported from factories in eastern Germany to the Soviet Union as reparations. It was supplied to domestic enterprises in Gorky (GAZ), Miass (Uralzis), etc., which subsequently allowed the production of trucks for various purposes and carrying capacities, buses.
    If you look closely, the features of Opel can be seen in the GAZ-51, Uralzis, Pobeda, Moskvich-401, buses based on the GAZ-51 (KAVZ), and in our post-war ZiS-150,164, MAZ- 200 was a lot from the German Bussing.
    Dodge 3/4 supplied by Lend-Lease, Studebaker and Willis were successful army vehicles in terms of design and their features can be found in the post-war Soviet ZiS-151, ZiL-157, GAZ-63, GAZ-67, GAZ- 69. Were all Soviet post-war cars as good as their foreign predecessors? Of course not.
    ZIS-151 was bad, nicknamed because of the low cross-country ability “cleaver”, the “rattle” GAZ-67, thoroughly blown through in winter, because and the doors and awning in it were tarpaulin. The GAZ-63, conceived as a towing vehicle, was good for towing, but often tipped over due to its high ground clearance and narrow wheelbase. The speed of movement on it was limited to 40 km / h, and then transportation of personnel was completely banned. The GAZ-69 was amiably nicknamed the “Bobby.” It was a fairly fast and passable Soviet “jeep,” although it was cold in the winter too. Driving soldiers often used blankets to insulate him from the inside. ZIL-157- a solid machine, passable, but it was difficult to turn the steering wheel on it, unlike ZIL-131 or Ural-375, because there was no power steering.
    On the whole, the Soviet automobile industry of the 30s and 40s was based on Ford licenses acquired in the USA — the famous GAZ-AA Lorry in various versions, GAZ-AAA trucks, incl. half-tracked GAZ-42. The only truck "assembled" from several samples was the ZiS-5 - exceptionally simple. Reliable, cheap to manufacture machine, manufactured from 1934 to 1959.