First submachine guns

If we talk about the role of submachine guns (PP) in stories military conflicts, this role is difficult to overestimate. Self weapon it appeared so quickly that some contemporaries did not fully understand its main purpose. So what was the purpose of the first submachine guns and who can be considered the author of this small arms?

First submachine guns

In the course of the First World War, only new products were not “flipped” by the warring parties. This includes gas attacks and the massive offensive of huge tanks and, of course, the use of the very same submachine gun. It is believed that the author of the PP is a German designer with the famous name Schmeiser. But even before him over the creation of a device that can conduct automatic shooting based on the charge of pistol cartridges, the work was carried out considerable. So the major of the Italian army, Mr. Abel Revelli, in 1914, the first machine gun in the world was designed, which was intended for use of the Glesenty pistol cartridges. Signor Revelli's submachine gun had as many as two barrels and allowed to make up to 3000 shots per minute. For those times it was a real breakthrough in the shooting business. So I would like to note, that would be our current majors, such ideas would come to mind ... You'll see, and there would be order in the army. But now the conversation is not about that. The submachine gun design Revelly did not get accustomed because of its main flaws. His bullet flew a short distance and the mass of weapons was clearly not for use in battle. Weighed software Revelli about 6,5 kg.

But Hugo Schmeiser managed to reduce the mass of his submachine gun to 4 kg 180 g and put the production of MP18 on stream. The German MP18 submachine gun, which entered the German forces in 1917, operated automatically on the principle of a free gate. The barrel was covered with a protective casing in which the ventilation holes were made. This was a real revolution in the organization of rapid-fire weapons. And how could 1917 do without revolutions for a year ... The rate of fire of this type of submachine guns was up to 500 rounds per minute.

So why do we need this type of small arms as MP18 German soldiers. The thing is that during the so-called trench phase of the war, when the forces of the opponents became approximately equal, there was a need for extraordinary solutions. This decision of the German command was the stage of preparation of mobile groups. Mobile groups had to secretly reach the enemy’s trenches and impose a struggle on their own territory on this very enemy, at which time the active phase of the operation could begin from the main German forces. So, mobile groups were created, their actions were strictly described in accordance with all the requirements of German pedantry, but one serious problem arose. It was the lack of a suitable weapon. It was necessary either to run to the attack with long rifles, or with pistols, but neither of them was suitable. Why? Because while the soldier will reload the rifle, it is simply pierced with a bayonet. This is where PP MP18 is needed.

In our country, the first submachine gun was adopted for use more than 75-ti years ago. It was PPD - Degtyarev submachine gun. The beginning of its mass use was the Soviet-Finnish war, and then PPD was successfully used in the Great Patriotic War. The weapon was distinguished by a rather small mass - a little more than 3,5 kg and a high rate of fire - 800 shots / min.

In 1941, one of the most famous submachine guns in the world appeared - PPSh (Shpagin submachine gun). They were armed with the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War. By rate of fire, he is on 100 shots / min. exceeded PPD, and on weight was on 150 g easier than its "brother". And for weapons every gram and every shot counts. Served PPSH faithfully and right up to the 1951 year. Today PPSh can be seen in museums and in sculptural compositions. So one of the sculptures in Berlin's Treptow Park shows the Soviet war, kneeling, and with the PCA in hand.
Submachine guns largely determined the course of world wars.
Ctrl Enter

Noticed a mistake Highlight text and press. Ctrl + Enter

Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in