Military Review

"Lynx" for intelligence

"Lynx" for intelligence

In addition to the BRM-1 and BRM-2 combat reconnaissance vehicles in service with the Russian army, a new combat reconnaissance vehicle BRM-90 Lynx was created at the beginning of the 3-s based on the BMP-3. The machine was developed by the design office of the Rubtsovsk Mechanical Plant and is designed for conducting troop reconnaissance and special operations at any time of the day at a considerable distance from its troops.

The body, power unit and chassis BRM Lynx are the same as the BMP-3. Given the specific tasks of the machine, the designers abandoned the 100 caliber mm gun. The 30-mm 2А72 two-sided loading gun with a rate of 300 rounds per minute is used as the main weapon on the Lynx. In the horizontal plane, it rotates on 360 °, and its elevation angle is + 64 °, which allows you to fire from a cannon and machine gun, both ground and air targets. The effective range of armor-piercing shells is 2 500 m, and the high-explosive 4 000 m. Ammunition of the gun consists of 400 shots in the pack and 200 shots in the additional tape. In case of failure of the electromechanical loading system, the gun can be charged manually. The fire control system includes a device for observation and aiming with a night channel (active and passive) BRK-2-42 and a sight for firing at PPB-2 air targets.

The gun rotates horizontally on 360 °. Due to the elevation angle of the trunk + 64 °, it can fire at air targets, as well as hit the enemy, who sat down at a height that is important in mountainous areas. The effective fire range of armor-piercing shells is 2500 m, and the high-explosive shells are 4000 m. The 7,62-mm PKT machine gun with the 2000 ammunition of cartridges in a single ribbon is paired with a gun. Specified block weapons equipped with a sighting system from a combined sight BRK-2-42 with active night-passive channel and a sight for firing at air targets PPB-2. To combat tanks and other enemy armored vehicles there is a set of ATGMs in the amount of four missiles, placed in a stack. In addition, the machine has 6 AK-74 crew machine guns (1800 rounds of ammunition) and 15 hand grenades. In the car body there are two loopholes for firing from crew small arms.

The crew of the combat reconnaissance vehicle BRM-3K "Lynx" consists of six people. When the combat weight of the machine 19.6 t, the specific pressure on the ground is 0.062 MPa. The maximum speed when moving forward is 70 km / h, when driving in reverse 20 km / h, when driving on water 10 km / h, the cruising range 600 km. The machine is able to climb 35 'steepness, vertical walls 0.8 m high and moats 2.5 m wide.

A special complex of reconnaissance instruments installed on the BRY-3K “Lynx” allows the crew to search, detect and identify targets in various observation conditions, process and transmit the received information. The 1PN71 “Benefit-2” thermal imaging device, Pecheneg 1PNXXX61 active-pulsed reconnaissance device (can be used in the modes of passive observation, observation with laser illumination, observation with determination of the distance to the target) are used to detect and identify targets and determine their coordinates ( 1D14 "Fauna" laser rangefinder (located in the dome, which rotates relative to the tower in the 60 ° sector), 1RL-133-1 "Credo-M" radar system. During operation, the radar transceiver rises on the boom to a height of 1 m. It is able to turn in ± 240 ° sector from the “straight” position. If necessary, the transceiver can be mounted on a tripod at a distance of up to 20 m from the car. The radar is controlled by a commander or operator. The radar detection range of enemy armored objects is 20 km.

BRM-3K "Lynx" has all the necessary means of orientation and navigation. The basis of topographic and geodetic software is a semi-automatic 1-50 gyrocompass with a sensitive element on a magnet and equipment that provides the vehicle with navigation information both in digital form and the location of the machine on the topographic map. Duplicate means can provide topographical binding: orientation sight and tower reading devices using the main complex of reconnaissance facilities. When performing a combat mission, reconnaissance aircraft can deploy a remote observation point at a distance from 0,5 to 6 km from the vehicle, as well as install reconnaissance equipment for the enemy’s operating radar. To accommodate this equipment in the BRM-3K "Lynx" provides special place-laying.

All intelligence information received in a matter of seconds is processed by the onboard computer and transmitted to the command. When operating in normal mode, the radio communication range is 100 km, and when using antenna-mast devices, information is transmitted to reception points in the HF and VHF ranges at a distance of up to 350 km. An autonomous electric generator with a power of 4 kW is provided for powering the equipment with electricity during the parking of the machine.

The armor of the reconnaissance vehicle BRM-3K is capable of withstanding hitting armor-piercing bullets, small-caliber shells and debris. BRM-3K "Lynx" is equipped with a system of collective protection against the damaging factors of weapons of mass destruction and automatic with manual overlapping fire extinguishing system. There is a special heater on it, as well as smoke screening means - smoke fans 902В “Tucha” and thermo-smoke equipment.

The machine has a Y-shaped (camber angle 144 degree) four-stroke 10-cylinder diesel UTD-29. power 368 kW (500 hp) with liquid cooling. The air supply system provides for its cleaning with a tapeless cyclone single-stage air cleaner with automatic ejection dust removal. To start the engine in cold weather, a nozzle heater with a fire-tube boiler is used, which provides heating of the coolant, engine oil in the tank and intake air.

The engine is mounted in one unit with a transmission. It is a hydromechanical reversing transmission with a four-speed planetary gearbox, a differential steering mechanism with a hydrostatic drive and a power take-off for jet propulsion. The gearbox provides 4 transmissions forward and 2 reverse.

The BRY-3K “Lynx” floats thanks to two single-stage axial propeller-type propulsion units with a guide vane. Control of the movement afloat is carried out by blocking one of the water cannons by a flap. The radius of circulation is 6-7 m in this case. Reverse travel at a speed of 2,5 km / h is provided by reversing the jet propulsion unit.

The main characteristics of the BRM-3K "Lynx":
Combat weight, t - 19,6
Crew, pers. - 6
Combat crew, people - 10
Overall dimensions, mm:
Body Length - 7.000
Width - 3.150
Height - 2.370
Clearance - 450
30-mm automatic gun 2А72
7,62 mm PKT machine gun
Ammunition - 600 shots, 2.000 ammo
Engine - UTD-29М 4-stroke
10-cylinder diesel liquid cooling power 368 kW (hp)
Specific engine power, kW / t - 20,0
Ground pressure, MPa - 0,062
Maximum speed, km / h
on the highway - 70
afloat - 10
Cruising range, km - 600
Obstacle obstacles:
rise, hail - 35
wall height, m ​​- 0,8
pit width, m - 2,5
ford depth, m - floats

Source: Armored Encyclopedia: Tracked Combat Vehicles
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  1. Apollo
    Apollo 28 September 2013 09: 14
    BRM-3K "Lynx"
  2. Starover_Z
    Starover_Z 28 September 2013 10: 42
    Nice machine, as well as many others. But the presence of various RPGs for all likely and unlikely opponents during a clash immediately puts the crew of light armored vehicles in HEROES.
    1. 31231
      31231 28 September 2013 11: 05
      Intelligence does not fortify the storming areas this time. You still get from the RPG.
    2. Avenger711
      Avenger711 28 September 2013 13: 59
      She does not face the enemy, but sits in the bushes, reporting on everything. The presence of weapons on the machine just as easily allows you to translate into the heroes who discovered it.
    3. AVV
      AVV 28 September 2013 14: 19
      At the request of the customer, it is possible to establish an arena !!!
  3. Chicot 1
    Chicot 1 28 September 2013 11: 06
    This is the real "Lynx"and not that Serdyukov sympathy from" Iveka "...
    I think that such a machine is necessary for the army. And it would also be nice to think about reviving the theme of the Belarusian BRDM-2T "Stalker". I really like him, however ... smile

    BRDM-2T "Stalker" (characteristics)
    1. Avenger711
      Avenger711 28 September 2013 14: 01
      It has nothing to do with BRM. Rather, a raid car instead of the BRDM-2.
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 28 September 2013 14: 42
        Quote: Avenger711
        It has nothing to do with BRM. Rather, a raid machine instead of the BRDM-2

        BRDM - Combat Intelligence Patrol Car. The same functions were assigned to "Stalker" during development. And this is very clearly seen from its name (BRDM-2T). I hope there is no need to explain further? ..
        So, learn the materiel, dear Avenger711. wink
    2. Argon
      Argon 28 September 2013 14: 49
      The article is without a conditional minus, in my opinion the topic has not been disclosed, "Lynx" uses only BMP-3 units, has an original body (steel), while it has an order of magnitude better seaworthiness, some measures have been taken to reduce the signatures of the physical fields of the machine, and the creation the original weapon deserves, if not a book, then a separate article for sure. It is rather strange that the author, unlike Chikot1, did not mention the direct competitor of the BRM-3, which later grew into Stalker. In the early 80s, it became clear that the dynamics of the development of military conflicts of the future was not leaves time for a person to think over most decisions related to the mobilization of the potential of subunits, the solution was seen in the creation of an automated command and control system, one of the elements of the operational-tactical order of which was supposed to be a platform with reconnaissance, surveillance and communications-BRM. in two ways, the first is the presence of the largest possible set of those means (the basis of the BMP), the second; the provision of airborne It is fair to assume that getting behind enemy lines to a depth of 20-125 km on the ground is quite problematic, even at the cost of some reduction in equipment on board (the basis of BMD). Moreover, the system itself was only being developed and the minimum volume and composition of the required equipment was not clear. associated with the need to modernize production for the serial production of BMP-3 (aluminum hull), therefore the BRM theme was transferred to another plant and practically started with a new one (made of steel) .With a specific study of the reconnaissance equipment complex (KROiS), it turned out that the BMD did not have the necessary stock, "free" weight, volume, and most importantly the KROiS itself, cannot withstand the load during the landing - this is how the BRDM family appeared on the basis of the BMD-3. Times have changed, not for the better, it turned out that the development of the BRDM family was "paid" by the Airborne Forces , like several other projects, in the face of constantly dwindling funding, priority was given to the self-propelled PTO (we know it as "Sprut") with p The name of the Union KB and the developments on the BRDM remained in Belarus, where the issue was approached practically, the minimum state funding and the dedication of the designers bordering on obsession (the chief designer sold a personal car to continue work) did their job, appeared almost ready for the series (far from a concept) armored vehicle of the future.However, back to the "Lynx", some amount entered the troops, but the automatic command and control system, although it was technically created, practically based on the orbital grouping "GLONASS", which was formed in fact only in the 21st century, this greatly devalued this vehicle KROiS of which today is of course morally obsolete. Modernity puts forward new requirements for such machines, and their importance is only increasing. In my opinion, the Soviet engineering school in this direction has a leading position today, provided by the experience of creating such machines.
    3. vladsolo56
      vladsolo56 28 September 2013 15: 41
      Yes, the Lynx is just a slightly redone BMP, the stalker from the idea to the embodiment is a pure reconnaissance vehicle, it’s a pity that they bypass it, one moment it would be nice to make a couple of the same stalker with only a telescopic rod for installing surveillance devices. One conducts observation collects information, the other covers it. The best is not yet on this topic.
    4. Doctor Evil
      Doctor Evil 28 September 2013 18: 57
      There was an article about "Stalker" on 21.02.2012/2/XNUMX. It is called "RDM-XNUMXT. Failed revolution from Belarus". For anyone interested, you can read for completeness.
      1. Chicot 1
        Chicot 1 28 September 2013 19: 47
        Quote: Doctor Evil
        "RDM-2T. Failed revolution from Belarus"

        So sorry that failed. In my humble and amateurish opinion, the car turned out to be very successful, and could very well have taken the place owed to it in the system of the Ground Forces. Yes, (I think that) and not only in them ...
        1. vladsolo56
          vladsolo56 29 September 2013 03: 13
          The opponents of the stalker had only one argument, they don’t swim, but after all, bad luck, the reconnaissance machine should go secretly, and when it enters the water it will show the line from where. For me it’s better to lay a route bypassing water barriers. And he can easily pass small rivers along the bottom.
          1. Doctor Evil
            Doctor Evil 29 September 2013 17: 08
            "Doesn't float" is, of course, a weighty argument, but maybe it was worth ordering a batch of cars from the Belarusians for trial operation, and only then draw conclusions. You look, and would take into service. Then both sides are in the black: we have equipment, brothers - Belarusians money for production and further modernization. Eh-x-xx, dreaming.
  4. CCCP 2.0
    CCCP 2.0 28 September 2013 11: 11
    urgently to the masses soldier
    1. avt
      avt 28 September 2013 11: 22
      Quote: CCCP 2.0
      urgently to the masses

      Quote: Chicot 1
      I think that such a machine is necessary for the army.

      Naturally necessary, it was developed as a new tracked BRDM on the same BMP-3 platform as the BMD, and it could already be massively in the troops from the late 90s at least. But our innovators BMP-3 platform is not a decree, outdated. That's Iveco - it is yes! Well and other virtual delights on paper but not in metal, but in the end they again returned to the BMP-3 due to the lack of anything else.
      Quote: Starover_Z
      But the presence of various RPGs for all likely and unlikely opponents during a clash immediately puts the crew of light armored vehicles in HEROES.

      Is this crap repeated out of place and out of place not tired or besides this there is nothing more to say?
  5. Michael_59
    Michael_59 28 September 2013 11: 59
    Everything is great, but where is the dynamic anti-cumulative protection?
    Where are the active protection systems?
    1. go
      go 28 September 2013 13: 27
      Quote: Michael_59
      Everything is great, but where is the dynamic anti-cumulative protection?
      Where are the active protection systems?

      Unfortunately, this is not a solution for a car with an amphibious assault, but as I understand it, an assault is still there. The operation of the defense will lead to injuries of the landing, which at the time of the start of the battle will be visible near the car (although this machine does not need to enter the battle, but it is necessary to be able to quickly make legs and this is still a matter of tactics) ...

      But on the whole, either the landing or the dynamic defense and the arena are visible. Composites must be watched.

      It is necessary to develop new booking materials for such machines - light and durable, in order to maintain buoyancy, but without a directed explosion.
  6. Moore
    Moore 28 September 2013 12: 41
    I believe that in the same place as all the "Tigers", "Shots", "Ivek" and other MTLB.
  7. combat192
    combat192 28 September 2013 12: 57
    I don’t know where the author got the BRM-2 from. Such a machine was in service with the USSR Armed Forces and the Russian Armed Forces. Although I once heard that this seems to be done for the Indians (not confirmed anywhere).
    Yes, and BRM-1 is correctly called - BRM-1k (i.e., commander), there are no other modifications.
  8. cdrt
    cdrt 28 September 2013 14: 03
    On the well-known photos of the BRM-3K, the cars are clearly not new, used. It seems that somewhere in the RA all the same they are - I wonder where? At the cantemi? I don’t believe the fact that there are more of them than in one company, but it seems that there are several
    1. combat192
      combat192 28 September 2013 18: 39
      Were in Novosibirsk VOKU (I don’t know the number) and in PUPP courses “Shot” (4 units).
      1. woker
        woker 29 September 2013 20: 25
        in 1995 in NIOC there were no such machines !!!!
  9. vladsolo56
    vladsolo56 28 September 2013 15: 44
    Lynx is the same BMP and no more, what does intelligence have to do with it, the intelligence machine must carry completely different parameters
  10. samoletil18
    samoletil18 28 September 2013 21: 38
    From the description I realized that the machine and scouts, and stand up for themselves. By the time of origin, under normal power, in Grozny would instead of tanks bring more benefits and less losses. The armament was clearly created taking into account the Afghan experience. Although, under normal power, the Chechens would not rock the boat.
  11. bublic82009
    bublic82009 28 September 2013 22: 01
    But is such a crawler vehicle needed?
  12. understudy
    understudy 29 September 2013 01: 27
    One of the main "parameters" of reconnaissance is secrecy in its implementation. And on the "duck" it is difficult to provide it. Something like this. repeat
    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 29 September 2013 11: 06
      Quote: Understudy
      One of the main "parameters" of reconnaissance is secrecy in its implementation. And on the "duck" it is difficult to provide it. Something like this. repeat
      Just easier. On tracks, you can drive along a route where meeting with random witnesses is unlikely.
    2. ksan
      ksan 29 September 2013 15: 35
      To ensure the "main parameter" in the RR there is also wheeled vehicles. In general, the most important means of transportation ensuring the secrecy of reconnaissance have always been LEGS hi
  13. ksan
    ksan 29 September 2013 15: 31
    The machine is undoubtedly necessary, but from this article it is not clear how much better it is than the BRM-2 and whether it makes sense to change the "awl for soap" fellow
  14. sage_kaa
    sage_kaa 29 September 2013 21: 04
    "Lynx" was a good car :) I remember how I flew off the track on it ... Even when it was passing tests, and I was still at school :)
  15. understudy
    understudy 30 September 2013 00: 04
    Quote: Bad_gr
    On tracks, you can drive along a route where meeting with random witnesses is unlikely.

    Quote: ksan
    In general, the most important means of securing intelligence has always been LEGS.

    Thank you for the "clarification", but it so happened that I started my service as a reconnaissance platoon commander in a separate reconnaissance battalion ... and so on. laughing MV-750, BRDM-2, BMP-1 ...
  16. Gromila78
    Gromila78 30 September 2013 10: 50
    Smoke fanaty 902B "Cloud" - here it is a super weapon. Where so many fans get it? laughing
  17. Michael_59
    Michael_59 30 September 2013 18: 36
    Oh, I see, "brave" and silent backers have appeared)))

    Particularly gifted with confidence in the absence of the need to increase the survivability of the BRDM by installing active and dynamic protection, I suggest that you familiarize yourself with the experience of the use of such vehicles by troops potential adversary "strategic partners":

    with the onset of US aggression in Iraq combat vehicles M2 and M3 "Bradley" were actively used as part of combat reconnaissance patrols and battalion tactical groups of the US Army, while the BMP M2 and BRM M3 "Bradley" of the first modifications were vulnerable to fire from Iraqi RPG-7 and ATGM. On the modernized M2A2 and M2A3 vehicles (since 1988), dynamic protection has been installed, designed to reduce the penetration ability of cumulative RPG and ATGM ammunition. On the BMP M2A2 (BRM M3A2) 43 dynamic protection elements are installed (on the sides and the front of the hull) with the formation of continuous panels.
    M2A2 is the only BMP equipped with full-time dynamic protection.
    To reduce the impact of the explosion of remote sensing elements on the machine itself, they are mounted on a pad of cellular material, developed jointly with Israel.

    Also on the network you can find vulnerability analysis of BMP M2 and BRM M3 Bradley:

    1. Body parts BMP M2 and BRM M3 "Bradley" not covered by dynamic protection, vulnerable to RPG-7 grenades and ATGM missiles.
    2. Even BMPs equipped with dynamic protection remain rather vulnerable to fire from ATGMs and enemy tanks.
    3. Relatively low maneuverability.
    4. Start anti-tank missiles can only be done from the spot. PU reloading is carried out manually through the upper hatch of the troop compartment.
    5. The overview of the driver on the right side is almost completely covered by the MTO roof.
    6. Cars M2 and M3 are very sensitive to explosions on mines and especially on HEs. Being prone to rapid fires. Due to the fact that the fuel tank is located almost at the bottom of the machine.
    7. Ensuring collective protection of the landing force against WMD was deemed inappropriate, since when dismounting, the airborne squad depressurized.
    8. Vulnerability of vehicles when grenade launchers and anti-tank missiles hit from behind (from above).
    9. Side armor does not protect the "Bradley" from the bullets of the 14,5 mm Soviet machine gun KPVT.

    Since 2009, the Americans have been implementing the Block 2 equipment modernization program. According to the developers of the program, the modernization will turn the machine into an even more effective combat weapon. The BMP will be equipped with a more powerful engine (800 hp vs 600), a 30 or 40 mm caliber gun and enhanced armor (or an active defense system to destroy anti-tank missiles and rocket-propelled grenade launchers) Surveillance cameras will provide a 360-degree view. It is also planned to improve the design of the fire extinguisher. For better protection against mines and landmines, the BMP clearance will be increased from 11 inches to 18 (460 mm). The bottom of the car will be reinforced. Fuel tanks will be less prone to fire, for which purpose the system will be used, which is used on the internal fuel tanks of fighter jets. The M2 Block 2 is likely to weigh about 35 tons, which is more than the mass of most tanks of World War II (T-34 and M-4).

    From this, IMHO, it follows:
    1) AZ is necessary
    2) DZ is advisable, since the further build-up of "just" armor leads to an increase in the weight of the vehicle and the loss of its maneuverability.
  18. Paladin
    Paladin 2 October 2013 05: 34
    The machine was developed by the design bureau of the Rubtsovsky Mechanical Plant

    Author, please correct .... the machine is developed - Rubtsovsky Design Bureau Machine building Factory ...

    Open Joint Stock Company RUBTSOVSKIY MACHINE-BUILDING PLANT was founded in 1959, in 2011 it was reorganized into the Rubtsovskiy branch of NPK "UralVagonZavod"
  19. Aristocrat
    Aristocrat 3 October 2013 00: 17
    You do not correctly represent the use of this machine. The main method of reconnaissance is not patrol or ambush, but OBSERVATION (as it is in the textbooks). She should not plow (and secretly) along the rear of the enemy. Its task is reconnaissance at the front edge of the enemy's close rear services AT A RANGE. That is, without crossing the front line. It is foolish to rely on stealthy movements on tracked vehicles with a diesel engine. BMP 1 and 2 are audible for many kilometers ... Pay attention to the list of special equipment (range finders, thermal imagers, radar, etc.). All this is used to detect and assess enemy forces. I am the commander of the reconnaissance squad on the BRM-1K in reserve. I had a PSNR. Also with the possibility of dismantling and installation on a tripod away from the machine. Not God knows what kind of car of course ... Weak armor. The 73mm thunder cannon with a reduced ammunition load in comparison with the base vehicle. Reduced "landing". Or rather, two "telephone operators". But a badly needed car nonetheless. The eyes and ears of the division. And weapons ... Weapons for such a machine are needed at a minimum. For self-defense. It, like ammunition, was donated in favor of surveillance equipment.
  20. Vladimir Viktorovich
    Vladimir Viktorovich 19 December 2019 15: 32
    BRM-3K "Lynx" - codenamed "Product 501", once a week the transmission was changed in shop 47 of the RMZ plant, after tests at the "quarry" country range, in 1989 this product was tested in Leningrad and in Kubinka, near Moscow. Overall not a bad car.