Military Review

News of the project "Angara"

29
July 9 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome passed the first test launch of the new Russian launch vehicle Angara-1.2PP. Start performed the calculation of the aerospace defense forces. The rocket successfully completed the flight mission and showed its capabilities. In the future, it is planned to continue the tests, during which the existing missile deficiencies will be identified and eliminated. At the same time, several new projects are planned to be implemented, which in the future will simplify the operation of new launch vehicles of the Angara family. In the past few days there have been new reports on the progress of the project itself and related work.



Currently, the main task of the space industry specialists is to test the heavy version of the Angara rocket. The first trial launch of this product is scheduled for the end of this year. A few days ago, the Interfax news agency, citing sources in Roscosmos, reported that the first launch of the Angara heavy version would take place no earlier than December 25. The exact test date will be determined by the Ministry of Defense, to which the Plesetsk Cosmodrome belongs. The source of Interfax clarified that the priority in the test program is a successful launch, and not the fulfillment of plans within the specified time frame. For this reason, in case of any serious problems, the launch may be postponed.

According to press reports, by the time of the first test launch of the heavy Angara, the Ministry of Defense will begin operating the new complex, which will reduce the negative effects of the operation of missiles. According to Izvestia, by the end of this year, the military will begin operating a system for detecting falling missile fragments. The complex created in GKNPTs them. Khrunichev, will quickly determine the area of ​​the fall of the fragments of the missiles and take appropriate action. In particular, this will allow emergency services to quickly arrive at the scene and, if necessary, to eliminate the fire or carry out other work.

According to Izvestia, the new complex has an original architecture. Its main component is an infrasound location station. Each station contains three modules with microphones that sense low-frequency sounds, data processing systems and batteries. The modules are proposed to be located at a distance of 3-4 km from each other. Batteries allow them to work offline for up to three years. The infrasonic location modules must capture the sound waves propagated by the falling missile fragments. By processing the received signals can be determined approximate area of ​​the fall of the fragments. After that, it is proposed to connect to the search the unmanned aerial vehicle "Orlan", which will allow to find the exact place of the debris falling and to determine the need to call emergency services.

The modules of the infrasound location system will be located in autonomous field support stations, which will include various equipment, as well as cars and all-terrain vehicles. The task of the field stations will be not only the placement of location modules, but also ensuring the safety of the local population. Specialists with the help of UAVs will find people in dangerous zones and evacuate them while the rocket is launched. According to Izvestia, the infrasound location system has already been tested and was used during the Angara launch in July. Thus, the military has already received a system that allows them to simplify the search for missile fragments and eliminate the possible negative consequences of their fall.



Currently, the launch complex for Angara launch vehicles is only available at the Plesetsk cosmodrome. In the future, launches of this type of missiles are planned to be carried out from two cosmodromes: the second launch complex will appear at the Vostochny cosmodrome. In late September, the head of Roscosmos, Oleg Ostapenko, said that the construction of the launch complex for Angara missiles would begin earlier than originally planned. Construction work on the new facility will start before the end of this year. Thus, the complex will be commissioned ahead of the previously established schedule.

In the future it is planned to make major changes in the process of building new launch vehicles. The governor of the Omsk region, Viktor Nazarov, in an interview for Rossiyskaya Gazeta, spoke about the upcoming transformations in the Angara missile building system. Currently, Omsk Production Association Polet produces only two stages of new missiles, but in the future it will start building rockets completely. PO Polet will become the base platform of the Angara project. This decision was made at the level of the leadership of the country and the space industry.

As part of the program to create a new family of launch vehicles, several additional projects are being implemented to help the operation of the new technology. Thus, it is planned to build a new launch complex, as well as create a network of station locations for detecting missile fragments. Nevertheless, the main attention of the public is attracted by the project itself to create missiles. In early July, the first launch of the Angara rocket took place, and another test flight was scheduled for the end of December.

It is noteworthy that the military department and Roskosmos regularly published information on the preparation for the first test launch of the Angara-1.2PP rocket. In the case of the launch of a heavy Angara-A5 rocket, the Ministry of Defense and the space agency are in no hurry to share information. For example, there is still no official data on the exact launch date, and the available information was obtained by the press from unnamed sources.

Nevertheless, some details of the upcoming launch are already known. According to some reports, the Angara-A5 rocket will perform the task characteristic of this class of technology. The light Angara-XNUMPP flew along a ballistic trajectory to the Kura range in Kamchatka, and the heavy Angara-A1.2 will have to put some kind of payload into orbit.

Thanks to the successful implementation of the Angara project, the national space program will receive several launch vehicles with various characteristics that allow them to perform a wide range of tasks. The basis of the new launch vehicles are the so-called. universal rocket modules. Each such module is a case with fuel tanks and a RD-191 liquid engine. By combining universal modules, a launch vehicle can be created with the necessary characteristics most suitable for solving a specific task.

The development of the "Angara" project has been going on since the mid-nineties, but in the early stages because of financial difficulties, the work went with serious difficulties. In particular, the first launch was originally planned for 2005 year, but in the end it was carried out only after 9 years. In addition, the actual cost of the project was significantly higher than originally planned. Nevertheless, despite all the difficulties, the project reached the stage of construction and testing of prototype rockets. The first launch took place in early July and was completed successfully. The second is scheduled for the very end of the year. If the tests are passed without much difficulty, then in a few years the Russian space program will receive several new launch vehicles capable of performing various tasks and launching a wide range of cargoes into orbit.


On the materials of the sites:
http://interfax.ru/
http://izvestia.ru/
http://rg.ru/
http://ria.ru/
http://kommersant.ru/
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29 comments
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  1. ShturmKGB
    ShturmKGB 3 October 2014 10: 37
    +4
    Eh, if not the "dark" years of devastation ... I wonder how these years 92-2005 will be called by historians? For example, the years of Brezhnev's rule were called "Stagnation" for some reason, Gorbachev - "Perestroika", which is very controversial.
    1. vostok1982
      vostok1982 3 October 2014 10: 54
      +2
      Maybe "Decay"?
      1. ROMANO
        ROMANO 3 October 2014 19: 29
        +3
        Maybe "Decay"? [/ Quote]
        Or "Timelessness"
    2. Belij
      Belij 3 October 2014 10: 56
      +11
      Everyone recalls the years of Brezhnev's rule with warmth, but the time of the bald man with a spot, yes - he rebuilt it so that you wouldn't wish it on the enemy. For our time, something like "The Power of the Oligarchy" laughing
      1. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
        Andrei from Chelyabinsk 3 October 2014 17: 56
        +5
        Quote: belij
        Everyone remembers the years of Brezhnev’s reign with warmth,

        Honestly, I do not. Although, of course, when compared with Gorbachev ... But still it was felt very strongly that we were going somewhere wrong in the late Brezhnev. But instead of stopping, thinking and finding a new path for ourselves, we, under the leadership of Mikhailseregich, jumped in to get in. But with what joy! But the mass joy and expectation of an imminent capitalist bright future with which we jumped off a cliff is a direct rebuke to late Brezhnev.
      2. Ezhaak
        Ezhaak 3 October 2014 21: 50
        +1
        Quote: belij
        Everyone remembers the reign of Brezhnev with warmth

        Not all. I, too, am not very pleased with him, although in life I had to take part three times in a demonstration of popular love for the great leader, during his visits.
        And to his phrase "He walks widely ...." they added, "The main thing is that the pants don't get torn!"
        Equally, he was not happy that Gorbachov began to create.
      3. Falcon5555
        Falcon5555 4 October 2014 11: 58
        +1
        Everyone remembers the reign of Brezhnev with warmth

        I have not met such.
        And why did they suddenly remember Brezhnev, especially - "with warmth", and in the subject of space. rockets?
        After all, the missiles that are flying now were made under Khrushchev.
        What did they do in cosmonautics under Brezhnev? Buran, which turned out to be a copy of the Shuttle, at least externally and aerodynamically? And which was not needed. Although the latter can be attributed to "Gaidarostroyka". But in the states there was no such crisis, and the Americans also dismissed the Shuttle. By ordering to make Buran with the carrying capacity of the shuttle and not forbidding it to be copied, Brezhnev delayed the development of Soviet / Russian cosmonautics.
        Here now the rise of patriotism, and yes, by the way, remember - against what will not be mentioned in the light of day. How many people remember how Brezhnev kissed in a hickey (and in the light of day, however) with all sorts of foreign leaders. With Honecker, American Nixon, etc.
        Actually, the presence of this senile in power and dealt the main blow to the existence of the USSR. After that, something was about to happen to the USSR. So all could not remain.
    3. Jurkovs
      Jurkovs 3 October 2014 16: 22
      -1
      ShturmKGB
      For example, the years of Brezhnev's rule were called "Stagnation" for some reason, Gorbachev - "Perestroika", which is very controversial.

      Alteration. In the sense of fixing the marriage.
    4. alekc73
      alekc73 4 October 2014 15: 07
      +1
      Time of Troubles is the most appropriate name for these years.
  2. vladikaus
    vladikaus 3 October 2014 10: 51
    +1
    Damn in Russia, as always, there is potential for development, but there is always either no money or lack of money
    1. evilrussian
      evilrussian 3 October 2014 12: 47
      +3
      Or these money were stolen ...
    2. Countermeasure
      Countermeasure 3 October 2014 19: 20
      +1
      Exclusively thanks to the American system of central banks, which exists to slow down the economies of countries not included in the golden billion
    3. The comment was deleted.
    4. ultra
      ultra 3 October 2014 22: 27
      0
      Now the situation is exactly the opposite, money has problems with specialists. The 90s are affecting. hi
  3. ISKANDER25
    ISKANDER25 3 October 2014 10: 55
    +4
    Hello! New sites are being developed and built at the Plesetsk Arkhangelsk Oblast Cosmodrome! hi
  4. nvn_co
    nvn_co 3 October 2014 11: 09
    +4
    Nothing, the eyes are afraid, and the hands are doing. Everything will work out!
  5. pensioner
    pensioner 3 October 2014 11: 09
    0
    Modules are proposed to be located at a distance of 3-4 km from each other.
    Something I can’t understand: what is the area on which this system will be deployed?
    1. gjv
      gjv 3 October 2014 14: 43
      0
      If you accidentally deviate to catch, then perhaps you need to cover the whole country with such a net. Well, first, probably, the main test course on Kura will be closed. This is 5700 km, and at first at least three points in each direction in width, i.e. ~ 30 km.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  6. Skiff_spb
    Skiff_spb 3 October 2014 11: 25
    +1
    Interestingly - this is some kind of payload they are going to put into space, and even a HEAVY PH?
    1. saag
      saag 3 October 2014 12: 49
      +2
      Quote: Skiff_spb
      Interestingly - this is some kind of payload they are going to put into space, and even a HEAVY PH?

      well, an interplanetary station with an upper stage
    2. Aleksey_K
      Aleksey_K 3 October 2014 13: 11
      +4
      Now Russia launches heavy equipment into space only with the help of heptyl fuel rockets (terrible poison, gas masks can withstand several minutes). When used engines and tanks fall, the surrounding area is poisoned and has to be degassed. I'm not talking about disasters during an explosion at startup. This is a complete disaster for the environment. And heavy rockets are needed for flights to the Moon, Mars and deep space, both spacecraft, and people with energy sources, power and habitat for a long time.
      1. opus
        opus 3 October 2014 16: 27
        +4
        Quote: Алексей_К
        (terrible poison, gas masks withstand several minutes)

        1. If you follow the rules, there are no problems
        2. Withstand both GHGs and OZK. HOW DURING YOUR DECADES, the combat calculations of air defense missiles from the S-200 air defense missile systems were controlled?

        And the plant, which "disguised itself" in a complex system of various productions at the Salavatnefteorgsintez Production Association in the city of Salavat under the modest name of workshop No. 38
        The chemical plant produces three components of liquid rocket fuel: heptyl, hexyl, dimethylamine.
        Work is carried out in gas masks and overalls. Retirement in 40 years.

        The technology (of those process) there is certainly not very (or rather, completely)
        There is so much waste that in 1972 an underground nuclear explosion "Kama-1" was made for their disposal. With the help of an atomic explosion, 18 km from the city of Salavat, on the left bank of the Belaya River, a reservoir was formed to inject waste from the production of liquid rocket fuel.

        3. And if it happened, then: disinfect heptyl thermally - by burning soil in kerosene. The concentration of heptyl in the soil transported to the Rostov region was, after a single burning, below the maximum permissible level.

        True, if it fails (a social factor, not a technical one, as a rule):
        The burnt soil was buried in a burial ground south-west of the village of Troitskoye. A trench 21 x 3 x 1,5 meters was dug. A polyethylene film was laid in two layers along the entire profile of the trench. The contaminated soil was covered with active chlorine layers. At the burial site, posters were displayed: "Attention! Do not dig: bleach waste". If only waste bleach!

        ====================
        So for reference:
        on heptyl:
        1.Arian -5 (Second stage — PH Arian version 5G: Fuel Heptyl Oxidizer N2O4)
        2. "Arian-2" 1 I step: UH 25 / AT (1,70: 1) and UH 25 (25% UDMH and 75% Hydrazine), 2aya: Heptyl + Amyl

        ==============
        Heptyl, of course not ice ....
  7. rubin6286
    rubin6286 3 October 2014 11: 39
    +2
    The Angara rocket on the VO website has already been devoted to a number of articles and regular readers have a certain idea of ​​the purpose and capabilities of this missile system. The first launch of the light version of the rocket, made from the Plesetsk cosmodrome, was of a test nature and was not associated with the launch of any spacecraft into near-earth orbit. Not only the rocket itself is tested, but also the entire missile complex, as a combination of various systems (refueling, gas supply, fire extinguishing, telemetry, etc., etc., etc.) and units. The first launch complex is always expensive and from the moment of commissioning, constant work is underway to improve it and reduce the cost. At this stage, it is possible to implement new projects that in the future will simplify the operation of new Angara launch vehicles.
    The places where the spent rocket stages launched from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome have fallen are known for a long time and the warning system for the population of nearby areas has been worked out. To inspect the crash site for emergency work, special crews are delivered by helicopter or all-terrain vehicles.
    I don’t think that an infrasound location system is needed here - all these stand-alone field modules with microphones, powered by batteries, the Orlan drone, detecting the place where the steps fall and determining the need to call for the untreated remnants of aggressive MCT and other urgent actions, search calculations and evacuation of people from dangerous areas. In words, it is spectacular, but just as expensive and still looks exotic. It is unlikely that it was used in Plesetsk when launching the Angara, but it may be required on Vostochny because this area is promising in the sense of industrial development and is close to the land state border with the MPR and China.
    1. turanchox
      turanchox 3 October 2014 14: 51
      0
      in the East all falls occur in water
  8. Vita_vko
    Vita_vko 3 October 2014 12: 33
    +3
    systems for detecting falling rocket fragments. The complex, created in GKNPTs im. Khrunichev, will quickly determine the area of ​​impact of rocket fragments

    The bicycle was invented again. Indeed, since the time of Gagarin's flight, the areas of the fall of the fragments were effectively monitored by the air defense radar. And modern radars make it possible to determine the area of ​​the fall with an accuracy of 300m, and with the help of a radio altimeter, you can even make a 3D model of the dispersion of fragments, if desired. Once again, Khrunichev's "effective managers" laundered budget money under the guise of KNOW-HOW.
  9. rotor
    rotor 3 October 2014 14: 05
    +1
    In the future, launches of missiles of this type are planned to be carried out from two cosmodromes: a second launch complex will appear at Vostochny cosmodrome.


    Only from the Plesetsk cosmodrome will Angara-A7P start

    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. The comment was deleted.
    3. rotor
      rotor 3 October 2014 14: 15
      0
      And from the cosmodrome Vostochny Angara-A7V will start
      1. rotor
        rotor 3 October 2014 16: 19
        0
        Or maybe I'm wrong.
  10. crambol
    crambol 3 October 2014 17: 56
    0
    ... the actual cost of the project was much higher than originally planned



    NIRs whose final cost is BELOW are only in indecent jokes.
  11. AlexA
    AlexA 3 October 2014 17: 58
    0
    It’s interesting, how are they going to transport blocks with a diameter of 5,5 meters across the country by rail? And in eastern Siberia, the railway runs through a series of tunnels.
    The feasibility of building a spaceport in the immediate vicinity of the border is doubtful. Current events (and past ones too) clearly show the variability of the political situation, friends and enemies.
    Quote: gjv
    then perhaps you need to cover the whole country with such a net. Well, first, probably, the main test course on Kura will be closed. This is 5700 km, and in width at first there are at least three points in each direction,

    And why the whole country? bulky fragments fall only from the first stage. From the second - only a trifle, and from the third - everything burns out.
    1. rubin6286
      rubin6286 6 October 2014 13: 00
      0
      And how do you think, in general, railway programs are being implemented transportation of so-called special cargo? What is the problem?
      The country has long worked out the requirements for the dimensions of wagons and platforms. There are, of course, exceptions, as in the case of Energia, but an optimal solution was found even there. As for the location of the cosmodrome, it was chosen taking into account the study of the recommendations of competent specialists of the relevant ministries and departments, incl. Ministry of Defense.
  12. The comment was deleted.
  13. ROMANO
    ROMANO 3 October 2014 19: 35
    0
    Quote: Jurkovs

    Jurkovs
    (1)

    Today, 16: 22

    ↑ ↓


    Quote: ShturmKGB For example, the years of Brezhnev's rule for some reason were called "Stagnation", Gorbachev - "Perestroika", which is very controversial. In the sense of correcting marriage.


    "Catastrophe"
  14. studentmati
    studentmati 3 October 2014 20: 15
    +1
    Modules are proposed to be located at a distance of 3-4 km from each other. Batteries will allow them to work offline for up to three years.

    Is there protection against mushroom pickers?
  15. zavesa01
    zavesa01 4 October 2014 10: 41
    0
    I feel the necessary things in the household.
  16. Prager
    Prager 31 October 2014 18: 31
    0
    the rocket turned out good! let it fly a lot and never fall!