In addition to the BBO units, military personnel of the Western Military District took part in the Vostok-2014 exercises. On the first day of the training, the motorized rifle and tank formations were alerted and made a march to the loading airfields. ZVO units involved in the exercises were transferred to the place of the training missions by military transport aircraft aviation. The military had to overcome more than 6 thousand kilometers. It is noteworthy that tankers and motorized riflemen were sent to landfills without weapons and equipment. They received the material part at the BBO bases. After receiving the equipment, the units went to the training grounds, where they began to carry out the tasks.
Aviation was to play a large role in the exercises. The air force was assigned the task of providing air support to the interspecific groups of the TSB. Aircraft of various types and different purposes were attracted to the teachings. The Tu-22М3 and Tu-95MS bombers were supposed to attack the training targets, and their work was ensured by the Il-78 tankers. The An-12 and Il-76 aircraft performed the transportation tasks, while the A-50 long-range radar detection and control aircraft coordinated the actions of the Air Force. The Mi-8, Mi-24 and Ka-52 helicopters, the Su-24 and Su-34 front-line bombers, the Su-25 attack planes, as well as several types of fighters engaged in direct support of troops at the landfills in battles with a conditional enemy. In particular, during the exercises, the newest Su-34 and Su-35C aircraft were used.
On the first day of the exercise, Pacific naval groups set sail fleet. On September 19, more than 10 sea and base minesweepers, as well as about 15 large and small anti-submarine ships, began to practice mine search and trawling. The proving ground for this episode of exercises was the North-Western part of the Pacific Ocean, the Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan. In the search for mine installations, surface ships interacted with submarines and naval aviation. When searching for mines, the ships constantly transmitted information on the results of their work to the headquarters of the exercises. On the night of Saturday, September 20, ships of the Pacific Fleet began testing the coastal defense.
On Saturday, airborne units began to perform tasks, arriving at the landfills from Buryatia and Primorsky Krai. They began to work out exploration using motor vehicles and ships. The paratroopers studied the situation on the possible landing sites of other airborne forces, and also worked on landing in a given area.
On Saturday, another episode of the exercises began with the participation of ships of the Pacific Fleet. This time the task of the sailors was to work out the interaction of diverse groups of the Pacific Fleet. In addition, the crews began to train to carry out anti-aircraft, anti-submarine and anti-sabotage defenses of bases and ships on an unprotected raid. There were also training for watch officers, practicing the struggle for survivability and some other training activities.
By the evening of September 19, the deployment of all elements of the unified communications system of the armed forces was completed. Signalers deployed and prepared for work order 60 field communications hubs and control points. Stationary communication lines were further strengthened by field systems and complexes. According to the Ministry of Defense, for the first time in a strategic command and staff exercise, elements of all the echelons of the unified automated digital communications system of the armed forces were deployed.
In addition to controlling the actions of the troops, automated systems were used to operate other structures. To provide the units with the necessary resources in the logistics and logistics support system, special automated tools were used. The Svetlitsa management system used allows you to determine the consumption of ammunition and other resources, as well as predict their required quantity. Thanks to this complex, a timely, full-fledged supply of units with all necessary is provided
On September 20 airplanes and helicopters of the air force began to take action. Thus, the helicopters of the Army Aviation Mi-8 and Mi-24 completed the mining of specified areas, and also began to land assault forces and support ground units. Simultaneously, the fighters began to cover the forces of the Pacific Fleet in the waters of the Pacific Ocean, the Sea of Japan and the Sea of Okhotsk. Soon, airplanes and helicopters from other units joined in the execution of combat training tasks, receiving other orders.
On Saturday, Major-General Mikhail Matvievsky, Chief of the Missile Forces and Artillery of the Ground Forces, spoke about the use of new weapons in exercises. On the morning of September 20, the Army Rocket Brigade was ordered to advance to the test site in the Jewish Autonomous Region. Upon arrival at the position, the military trained the Iskander M missile systems, and then launched missiles for training purposes. All targets were successfully hit.
September 21 continued combat training work of the air force. All airplanes and helicopters involved in the Vostok-2014 exercises began combat duty at the airfields of the TSB. On Saturday, all the aircraft involved in the maneuvers were redeployed to airfields in the eastern regions of the country. Shortly thereafter, the MiG-31 fighters began to patrol the airspace in the areas of the landfills, and the Su-24MR reconnaissance aircraft began collecting information about the situation.
On Sunday, several Tu-95MS bombers climbed from the Ukrainka airbase, made a four-hour flight to the missile launch site, and attacked training targets using cruise missiles. The missiles were launched in the northern part of the Sea of Okhotsk and successfully hit target targets at the Kura range in Kamchatka. During this flight, Tu-95MS bombers helped the MiG-31 interceptor crews to train. Several missiles launched by bombers played the role of conventional enemy ammunition. Interceptors found them, accompanied, and then destroyed.
Also on Sunday, BBO helicopter pilots set a new record. The 16 helicopters Mi-8AMTSH took off from the airfield on the island of Iturup (Kuril Islands) and headed for the airfield Yelizovo (Kamchatka). The flight lasted about six hours, the helicopters covered more than 1300 kilometers. According to the Ministry of Defense, before the record flight, the helicopters were equipped with additional fuel tanks, which significantly increased their radius of action.
Around 30, ships and vessels of the Pacific Fleet to 21 September completed access to specified areas of the Pacific Ocean, Sea of Okhotsk and the Sea of Japan. After that, the command of the ship group received an order to withdraw forces from the blow of a conditional enemy in the near and far sea zones. On Sunday, the flagship of the Pacific Fleet, the guided missile cruiser Varyag, joined the action. After a series of training sessions, the ship left Avacha Bay and headed for the area of training exercises.
The exercise plan included episodes in which the engineering troops were to take part. Military engineers in the shortest possible time completed the evacuation of the population from the areas where there was a conditional flood. Several bridges were installed and several other types of crossings were brought in. A field camp with all the necessary infrastructure was deployed to accommodate the victims. At the Vostok-2014 exercise, engineering troops represented several hundred soldiers and about 60 units of special equipment.
The military departments of several neighboring states were notified about the conduct of the Vostok-2014 exercise. In addition, 40 military attaches from 30 countries were invited. For example, on September 23, an episode of exercises near Cape Skalisty was observed by experts from China, the DPRK, Malaysia, Venezuela, and other countries.
As part of the exercise "Vostok-2014", reservists were trained. About 6 thousand people were called to participate in several episodes of the maneuvers. Within a few days, they regained skills in their specialties, as well as conducted coordination. The reservists carried out the assigned tasks side by side with the soldiers and officers currently serving.
On Tuesday, September 23 was trained in the calculations of anti-aircraft missile systems C-300PS. One of the ships of the Pacific Fleet launched the Malachite missile, which became a target for anti-aircraft gunners. The calculations of the air defense system had to work in difficult conditions, since the interception of the rocket was made on the catch-up courses. In this case, the target missile is in the zone of destruction of the anti-aircraft complexes for not more than a minute, and the calculation leaves only a few seconds for its detection, identification and destruction.
On September 23, Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu reported on the progress of exercises in the Arctic. So, the calculations of the Pantsir-S anti-aircraft missile-gun systems were conducted. The coastal missile system "Rubezh" launched a rocket, which was intercepted by anti-aircraft gunners. The large anti-submarine ship Admiral Levchenko conducted combat firing of the Dagger anti-aircraft missile system. A tactical airborne assault force was landed on Wrangel Island, consisting of the 83-th separate airborne assault brigade and the 155-th separate brigade of the Pacific Fleet Marine Corps. In addition, on Wrangel Island and Cape Schmidt, radar stations and aviation guidance stations were deployed and placed on duty.
September 24 ships and submarines of the Pacific Fleet, including its flagship Varyag, launched a missile strike on a conventional enemy. Several types of anti-ship and anti-aircraft missiles were used for target shooting. At the same time, naval aviation and ground-based ZRK crews attacked a conventional enemy’s aviation.
On Thursday, September 25 was scheduled for the largest episode of the Vostok-2014 exercise. One of the main episodes of this day was to take place at the Baranovsky training range. As part of this episode, the forces of a separate motorized rifle brigade of the BBO worked on the conduct of defense and the implementation of a counterstrike on hilly terrain in adverse weather conditions. The brigade involved in this episode had about one thousand military personnel and more than 150 units of various vehicles. The brigade was supported from the air by more than ten attack aircraft and helicopters. The brigade, redeployed from the Jewish Autonomous Region, successfully dealt with the defense and subsequent defeat of the conditional enemy.
The Air Force completed combat training missions on the night of September 26. Aircraft AWACS A-50 discovered an unknown aircraft that violated the airspace of the country, the role played by the Tu-22М3 bomber. On alert, a pair of MiG-31 interceptors were raised, who found the intruder and forced him to sit at the Yelizovo airfield. An important feature of this training was the fact that the crew of the conditional intruder received a flight mission just before departure and kept radio silence during the flight. Thus, this episode of the exercises allowed to check the real capabilities of the Air Force.
On Friday, 26 September, at the end of the exercise, the troops involved in them began marches to the loading sites. Further, by rail and using military transport aviation, all units went to their bases. Combat aircraft and helicopters flew to their airfields, and the Navy ships regrouped in accordance with combat training plans.
Even before the end of the Vostok-2014 exercise, the leadership of the armed forces made several important announcements. On September 23, Defense Minister S. Shoigu, summing up the recent surprise check of the troops, spoke about the state and prospects of the troops. The minister noted that the sudden inspection showed a high level of leadership training, but at the same time revealed some unresolved issues. The audit showed that the system for supporting the actions of troops in remote regions needs further improvement. Special emphasis should be placed on the development of military infrastructure and the creation of stocks of material resources.
The minister was forced to admit that not all responsible persons took into account the results of last year’s “West-2013” maneuvers. So, because of the unpreparedness of the leadership of the Sakhalin region to the call of reservists, it was not possible to provide the required number of participants in the fees. Missing personnel were mobilized in other regions. Without waiting for the end of the exercise, the leadership of the Ministry of Defense and a number of other departments began to analyze the results of the sudden verification, to draw the necessary conclusions, and to prepare for the elimination of existing problems.
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