Military Review

Submarines of the Russian Navy

3
Critical part of the naval fleet are his submarines. Modern submarines can perform a wide range of tasks to detect and destroy ships, submarines or ground targets of the enemy. In addition, the naval component of the strategic nuclear forces is completely built on the basis of submarines. Currently, as part of the renovation of the Navy, new submarines of various types are under construction. In the foreseeable future, the fleet should receive several dozen submarines, both strategic or multipurpose, and diesel-electric or special. Nevertheless, so far the basis of the submarine fleet in quantitative terms is the submarines built earlier, including before the collapse of the Soviet Union.

As part of the four fleets of the Russian Navy (with the exception of the Caspian Flotilla), 76 submarines of various types are currently serving in total. Strategic-purpose submarine cruisers (SSBN), multi-purpose nuclear submarines, diesel submarines, as well as a number of special-purpose nuclear and diesel submarines are in reserve and in reserve.



Strategic Missile Cruisers

The basis of the nuclear component of the nuclear forces are nuclear submarines of the project 667BDRM "Dolphin". Currently, the Russian Navy has six such submarines: K-51 "Verkhoturye", K-84 "Ekaterinburg", K-114 "Tula", K-117 "Bryansk", K-118 "Karelia" and K-407 Novomoskovsk. The submarine "Ekaterinburg" is currently undergoing repairs. Completion of work and delivery of the boat are scheduled for the end of this year. Another submarine of the project "Dolphin", K-64, in 1999, was withdrawn from the fleet of combat personnel and soon went to re-equipment. All six submarines of the 677BDRM project serve as part of the Northern Fleet.

The second largest type of SSBN in the Russian Navy is the Kalmar project 667BDR. Submarines of this type were built from the mid-seventies to the early eighties. Most of the submarine cruisers "Kalmar" to date, decommissioned and disposed of. Now the fleet has only three submarines of this type: K-433 “St. George the Victorious”, K-223 “Podolsk” and K-44 “Ryazan”. The latter is the newest of the existing submarines of the 667BDR project and was transferred to the fleet in the 1982 year. All three “Squid” serve in the Pacific.

Until the mid-nineties, the nuclear deterrence was carried out by the K-129 submarine Orenburg, built according to the 667BDR project. In 1996, it was decided to convert it into a carrier of deep-water vehicles. Currently, Orenburg refers to the 09786 project and is designated BS-136.

There are three submarines of the 941 and 941UM “Shark” projects in the ranks and in the reserve of the Northern Fleet. Heavy missile cruiser TK-208 "Dmitry Donskoy" continues to serve. This was facilitated by the repair and modernization in accordance with the 941UM project, during which the submarine received the equipment of the Bulava missile system. Two other Sharks, TK-17 Arkhangelsk and TK-20 Severstal, were put into reserve in the middle of the last decade due to the absence of P-39 missiles. Their further fate has not yet been determined.

In January, 2013 held a flag raising ceremony at the head SSBN of the new 955 Borey project. The submarine K-535 "Yuri Dolgoruky", built with 1996 year, passed all the tests and was transferred to the fleet. At the end of December of the same year, the submarine cruiser K-550 “Alexander Nevsky” was accepted into the Navy. The main submarine of the project "Borey" became part of the Northern Fleet, the first serial - in the Pacific Fleet.

Multipurpose NPS

The tasks of the destruction of various surface, underwater and coastal targets are assigned to multi-purpose nuclear submarines armed with cruise missiles and torpedoes. The most massive submarines of this class are the submarines of the 971 "Pike-B" project. The Russian Navy has 11 submarines of this type, distributed between the Northern and Pacific fleets. Five submarines "Pike-B" are part of the Pacific Fleet, six are listed as part of the Northern. At the moment, five submarines project 971 are under repair or are preparing for it. To date, the Navy has lost three submarines of this type. The Shark K-284 boat was sludge from the 2002 of the year, Ak Bars K-480 was handed over for recycling at the end of the last decade, and Barnaul's K-263 disassembly started last year.

Separate consideration is the fate of the K-152 “Nerpa” boat. It was laid in the 1991 year for the domestic fleet, however, financial difficulties led to the disruption of all deadlines for the work. In 2004, a contract was signed, in accordance with which the submarine was planned to be completed and transferred to the Indian Navy. After a series of difficulties, all the work was completed, and in January 2012, the submarine was accepted by the customer.

The second largest multipurpose submarines in the Russian Navy are the submarines of the 949A Antey project. In the Pacific and Northern fleets, 5 and 3 are submarines of this type, respectively. It was originally planned that the Navy will receive 18 of such submarines, but the financial capabilities of the fleet allowed to build only 11. To date, three boats of the Antey project have dropped out of operation. In August, the submarine K-2000 "Kursk" tragically died 141, and since the end of the two thousandth years, work is underway on the disposal of the submarines K-148 "Krasnodar" and K-173 "Krasnoyarsk". Of the remaining submarines, four are currently undergoing repairs.

From the late seventies to the early nineties, four submarines of the 945 "Barracuda" and 945A "Condor" projects were built. The X-NUMX ships Karp and the B-945 Kostroma were built according to the 239 project, while the NNizhny Novgorod and the B-276 Pskov B-945А ships were built. All these submarines are listed as part of the Northern Fleet. Last year, work began on the repair and modernization of the Karp submarine. After it repair will be held "Kostroma". Pskov and Nizhny Novgorod continue to serve.

So far, four multipurpose nuclear submarines of the 671РТМК “Schuka” project remain in the Northern Fleet. Two submarines, the B-414 “Daniel of Moscow” and the B-338 “Petrozavodsk” continue to serve, and the other two, the B-138 “Obninsk” and the B-448 “Tambov” are under repair. In accordance with current plans, all of the Pike fleets in the fleet will complete their service in the foreseeable future. It was previously reported that they will all be written off by the end of 2015 of the year. They will be replaced by multipurpose submarines of new types.

17 On June 2014, a solemn flag raising ceremony was held on the K-560 submarine "Severodvinsk", the lead ship and the only ship of the 885 project "Ash". The first "Ash" was laid at the end of 1993 of the year and launched only in 2010. Before 2020, it is planned to build 8 Yasen-type submarines with missiles. Due to the long construction time of the head submarine, all the other submarines of the series will be built according to the updated 885M project. At present, on the stocks of the Sevmash enterprise there are three submarines of a new type: Kazan, Novosibirsk and Krasnoyarsk.



Non-nuclear submarines

Since the early eighties, several domestic shipyards engaged in mass production of diesel-electric submarines project 877 "Halibut". During the last decades, several versions of this project were created, thanks to which the “Halibut” of various modifications became the most massive submarines in the Russian Navy.

The Baltic Fleet has two turbine-propelled sub-structures of the “Halibut” project: the B-227 “Vyborg” and the B-806 “Dmitrov” (pr. 877EKM). The Black Sea Fleet has only one boat of the 877В project - the B-871 “Alrosa”. The second largest group of "Paltus" is available in the Northern Fleet - five diesel-electric submarines of the 877 project and one 877LPMB project. Finally, there are eight 877 “Halibus” submarines on the bases of the Pacific Fleet.

A further development of the 877 project is the 636 Varshavyanka project and its versions. 22 August 2014, the main submarine of the project 636.3 - B-261 "Novorossiysk" was accepted into the combat structure of the Black Sea Fleet. By the end of the decade, the Black Sea Fleet will receive five more submarines of this type. Two of them, B-237 "Rostov-on-Don" and B-262 "Old Oskol", have already been launched.

Until recently, high hopes were pinned on the 677 “Lada” diesel-electric submarine diesel engine project, which are a further development of the “Halibut”. Previously, there were plans to build a series of several boats of the 677 project, but the tests of the lead ship made them make serious adjustments. As a result, the first submarine of the project, the B-585 "St. Petersburg", is in trial operation by the Northern Fleet. Two serial ships of the 677 project are under construction. In connection with the problems of the head of the submarine construction of the serial for some time suspended.

Special equipment

In addition to combat submarines, the Russian Navy has a number of special submarines and submarines designed to perform specific tasks of various kinds. For example, the Baltic Sea, the Northern and the Pacific Fleet operate four deep-sea rescue vehicles of the 1855 Prize project.

According to open data, the Northern Fleet contains 10 nuclear and diesel-electric submarines for special purposes, designed to perform various tasks. This technique is designed to perform research, rescue operations and ensure the combat duty of submarine missile cruisers. The most famous representative of this class of technology is the special submarine AC-12 "Losharik", capable of diving to a depth of several kilometers. It was reported that in September 2012 of the year "Losharik" participated in research in the Arctic, during which its crew collected soil samples at a depth of more than 2 kilometers.

In the future, the Russian Navy should receive a number of new special-purpose submarines. Thus, since 2012, the submarine “Belgorod” of the 949A project is being completed according to a special project, due to which it can become a carrier of deep-sea research apparatuses. In the spring of last year, representatives of the Navy claimed that the plans of the military department included the construction of a special submarine for hydroacoustic patrol, the task of which would be to detect underwater targets at a distance of several hundred kilometers.

Prospects

At the moment, in total, the Russian Navy has more than seven dozen submarines and vehicles for various purposes. The vast majority of this technology was built before the collapse of the Soviet Union, which accordingly affects both the condition and the capabilities of the submarine fleet. However, in recent years, a number of measures have been taken to update it. In accordance with current plans before the 2020, the Navy should receive a relatively large number of new submarines.

Until the end of this decade, the fleet will receive eight strategic missile carriers of the 955 "Borey" project, the same number of multipurpose nuclear submarines of the 885 "Ash" project and six diesel submarines of the 636.3 "Varshavyanka" project. Atomic "Boreas" and "Ash" will be distributed between the Northern and Pacific Fleets. "Varshavyanka", in turn, will serve on the Black Sea bases. Previously announced plans for the future of the project 677 "Lada". In the near future it is planned to develop an updated version of this project, in which a new power plant will be used. Successful completion of this project will expand the plans for the construction of non-nuclear submarines.

In parallel with the construction of new submarines will be written off old. For example, by the 2015-16 years it is supposed to stop the operation of the remaining submarines of the 671-RTMK Shchuka project. Almost all submarines of this type have already been withdrawn from the fleet and disposed of, and only four remain in the ranks. Over time, similar processes will occur with other types of submarines, which will be replaced by new Ash Trees, Boreas, Varshavyanka, and, possibly, Lada. However, a full upgrade of the submarine fleet will take a lot of time and will be one of the most expensive projects for the entire history The Russian Navy.


On the materials of the sites:
http://ria.ru/
http://rg.ru/
http://flot.sevastopol.info/
http://flotprom.ru/
http://flot.com/
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  1. 89067359490
    89067359490 15 September 2014 08: 56
    +35
    You always need to know this.
    1. Civil
      Civil 15 September 2014 10: 20
      +4
      we need cheaper but more massive projects ...
      1. Federicco
        Federicco 15 September 2014 13: 09
        +6
        Quote: Civil
        we need cheaper but more massive projects ...

        t-34 underwater
        1. lelikas
          lelikas 15 September 2014 15: 31
          +7
          Quote: Federicco
          t-34 underwater

          And again the attack with open hatches?
          1. Bersaglieri
            Bersaglieri 15 September 2014 22: 14
            +2
            ... in scuba gear, with spears in his hands, riding on combat sperm whales.
        2. Bersaglieri
          Bersaglieri 15 September 2014 15: 42
          +2
          "North Korean" or "Iranian" option?
          Funny.
      2. lelikas
        lelikas 15 September 2014 15: 30
        +5
        Quote: Civil
        we need cheaper but more massive projects ...

        What - then heroically carry out rescue operations?
        Let them do the best they can, and so there is no sugar.
      3. hoard
        hoard 15 September 2014 17: 52
        +8
        Quote: Civil
        we need cheaper but more massive projects ...

        We have already passed this in the USSR. As a result, by 1989, 100% of our SSBNs were tracked in the North Atlantic, and combat duty had to be carried out in inland seas and under ice.
      4. Anton Gavrilov
        Anton Gavrilov 15 September 2014 20: 42
        +4
        We need gradual improvement! So the Americans are doing submarines like Virginia — they build boats in blocks, each new block is slightly better than the previous one. Here we need a gradual improvement, we need to do not trimmed boat designs, but improved ones — further development of 885 Ash-M and 955 projects Borey-A.
    2. pasha24
      pasha24 15 September 2014 20: 28
      +1
      Quote: 89067359490
      You always need to know this.

      that's for sure
  2. moremansf
    moremansf 15 September 2014 08: 59
    +4
    The Russian fleet is regaining its former power !!!
  3. 1-Patriot
    1-Patriot 15 September 2014 09: 02
    +5
    ASH is cool!
  4. qQQQ
    qQQQ 15 September 2014 09: 05
    +12
    Very hard service, 3 months without surfacing, and earlier 6-9 months. The submariner, in a very distant childhood, said that when the neighboring compartment was burning, the partitions were closed, and with all the desire no one could help. I wish that the number of dives is equal to the number of ascent and without incident.
    1. mpa945
      mpa945 15 September 2014 09: 15
      +9
      and earlier 6-9 months. without ascent
      It never happened.
      3 months without surfacing
      The same has long been less.
      1. qQQQ
        qQQQ 15 September 2014 09: 30
        +2
        Quote: mpa945
        and earlier 6-9 months. without surfacing Never been. 3 months without ascent

        It was. In the 70s up to 9 months, and there were cases that even longer. In the 80s, it was reduced to 6 months. The duration decreased when we reached parity in nuclear weapons, and this is closer to the end of the 80s. Although in fairness, it is necessary to replace "without surfacing" with "alert duty".
        1. mpa945
          mpa945 15 September 2014 09: 55
          +12
          Ready to bet?
          it is necessary to replace "without surfacing" with "alert duty".

          Well, this is very close ... Combat duty - submarine in the base. The crew is scheduled for three shifts. One on the ship, the second in the barracks and the third in the houses. Ready to go 4 hours. And you are without surfacing.
          For the DPL, combat service (BS) really lasted up to 9 months. As a rule, with a change of crew and other events. But about the DPL "without surfacing" - there is even nothing to comment on ...
          For submarines: on the 1st and 2nd generation, autonomy never exceeded 90 days. On the 3rd generation, autonomy was increased to 100 and even 120 days. Have tried. And they refused. On the recommendation of doctors. Now, as a rule, no more than 75 days. Something like this. hi
          1. qQQQ
            qQQQ 15 September 2014 14: 41
            +1
            Quote: mpa945
            Ready to bet?

            About the duration of the DB-memories of bygone days, my mistake was to look at the material, so there is no point in arguing.
          2. Andrey NM
            Andrey NM 16 September 2014 08: 07
            +2
            We had two shifts on alert on the ship, one at home. At the same time, they could have kicked them out to sea. The same autonomy, only without paying with coupons and 20% less sea. And communication sessions for ....., sorry, bored. One BS went 92 days, the rest a little less than eighty. A young body is nonsense, you just gain weight. No matter how I tried to wind 6 km around the compartment (200 times back and forth, the habit remained, I got nervous, I started to walk), pulled myself up, etc., I still gained 5-6 kg. Polyarninskie diesels walked for 6-8 months, replenished in the Mediterranean, washed and rested on the floating base, my friend navigated the 641st "bug". I was his guest, I remembered the tightness and smell of solarium and for some reason RDUshki everywhere. Only boats of the 120 project are designed for 941 days, here you can walk inside the formation, there is even a pool, supposedly it was filled with potatoes for the first time of autonomy :).
        2. Andy1967
          Andy1967 15 September 2014 19: 40
          +2
          That's nice to read the comments of a competent person :) That's right! I have a relative - a salted underwater seabass with ... I won’t say how many autonomies. He explained a lot of things. And that today the GENUINE revival begins, including. ... And Ash, and Boreas - just handsome !!! In every way. And childhood diseases will all go away over time ... Glory to our submariners !!!
  5. shitovmg
    shitovmg 15 September 2014 09: 06
    +11
    We can survive without aircraft carriers, but without an underwater fleet, and even under the Arctic ice, nothing!
    1. hoard
      hoard 15 September 2014 17: 58
      0
      Under the Arctic ice, our submarine fleet was not from a good life. You can even say that to some extent - and the lack of aircraft carriers.
  6. Nayhas
    Nayhas 15 September 2014 09: 08
    +8
    Good illustrations.
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 15 September 2014 15: 33
      +5
      Quote: Nayhas
      Good illustrations.

      Yes, I saw a new small boat, Blue Whale laughing
      1. adept666
        adept666 19 September 2014 12: 32
        0
        This secret ... Autonomous, with artificial intelligence, the main purpose: to gnaw at the bottom of aircraft carriers and other no less large adversaries. yes Only about her to anyone! stop
      2. megavolt823
        megavolt823 April 2 2017 10: 02
        0
        [/ Quote]
        Yes, I saw a new small boat, Blue Whale laughing[/ Quote]
        "Blue whale" is a diesel with only a drunk crew? laughing
  7. kapitan281271
    kapitan281271 15 September 2014 09: 49
    +4
    And things are worse than you could imagine! In the bottom line, by 2020 there are 8 antes, 8 Ash trees and 8 Boreev, men may not understand what, but in my opinion this is very small.
    1. mpa945
      mpa945 15 September 2014 09: 57
      +4
      Have you forgotten 971 and 945?
    2. kyznets
      kyznets 15 September 2014 11: 10
      +12
      In my opinion, things are better than they could be! During those years of perestroika-reform, Gorbachev-Yeltsin still preserved and restored a lot. When entire military bases were destroyed - Bichevinka in Kamchatka - with underground hangars for submarines, it was completely destroyed, but not there - billions of rubles. And they kept the fleet in the majority thanks to simple naval officers who served for a penny in the 90s and 2000s, but did not abandon it. They served on bare enthusiasm and tried to maintain the materiel in working condition. Thank you guys and a deep bow!
    3. Andy1967
      Andy1967 15 September 2014 19: 44
      +1
      There is no place for panic. There are many factors involved. Firstly, even a pair of Boreys with their characteristics is already at least enough for retaliation. (Let the experts scold, but here you can draw some analogy with the "Perimeter" - inevitably). Secondly, who will actually say how many "oldies" will remain in the ranks by the year 20!? ... So, quieter, comrades.
  8. Leader
    Leader 15 September 2014 10: 25
    +2
    Quote: kapitan281271
    in my opinion it is very small.

    Maybe not enough ... for our thrifty "naval commanders" and "generals".
    But enough to feel calm in an invisible competition for existence on Earth.
    And to the military leaders of any country - no matter how much you give, all is not enough.
    Here it is necessary to maintain a balance so as not to tear economically.
    1. mpa945
      mpa945 15 September 2014 10: 44
      +3
      Maybe not enough ... for our thrifty "naval commanders" and "generals"

      Indeed ... Whether it is the "sofa" generals and naval commanders.
      But enough to feel calm in an invisible competition for existence on Earth.
      Everything is calculated on the "sofa", not what
      And to the military leaders of any country - no matter how much you give, everything is small

      What is the balance?
      Here it is necessary to maintain a balance so as not to tear economically.
      Or in accordance with existing threats?
      For almost thirty years, the "balance" was observed according to Hedgehog ... In terms of the number of filling the list, Forbes seems to be already in the balance sheet. Are you afraid they will overstrain?
  9. Evgeniy667b
    Evgeniy667b 15 September 2014 10: 42
    +1
    Too already in a hurry to let under the cutter, and not only submarines. It is not normal!!! There is no such thing in the USA, the approach is competent. We have a selfish trend. Someone primitively welded on the resulting metal. Homeless psychology of people with big stars on uniform.
    1. mpa945
      mpa945 15 September 2014 10: 53
      +3
      For everyone
      people with big stars on uniform.
      I will not speak ...
      But
      Too already in a hurry to let under the cutter, and not only submarines
      decisions are made by others, those without stars.
      It is not normal!!! In the United States, this is not the right approach.
      From the point of view of the United States, this is just normal. And under the "guidance" of THEM, this is basically done. With regard to our aircraft. And you mean the "stars" ...
      1. kyznets
        kyznets 15 September 2014 11: 20
        +1
        By the way, in the 90s, early 2000s, civilian tanks and ships were cut in our Kamchatka Peninsula. And in the collapse and destruction of at least real estate objects of the Armed Forces and the Navy, the committees for the management of the state took a HUGE role. property (federal). This is the one who chopped, cut, demolished and drowned right and left. Although there were big stars, to be honest, the family is not without its black sheep, but not more than among civilian "generals", and maybe less.
    2. gray
      gray 15 September 2014 14: 23
      0
      Most likely, twenty years of downtime are affecting and not until the financing of domestic shipbuilders, as well as of our design bureaus. Money began to flow in large quantities not so long ago, and all the years of downtime are still affecting. We have shortage of specialists in all sectors. they are not being restored and converted from scratch to a modern base.
    3. adept666
      adept666 15 September 2014 14: 37
      -1
      Too rushing under the cutter


      What does hurry up mean? Submarines, especially nuclear submarines, have their own resource both in terms of power plant and hull. The metal tends to get tired, the cooling systems of the reactor also have their own wear. Therefore, the decommissioning of boats that have already expired is a normal practice, the continuation of the operation of such submarines is a very risky business, both for the crews and for the environment.

      There is no such thing in the USA, the approach is competent.


      Those. there the submarine missile carriers that have served their time do not "saw" into metal? Let me doubt your words smile

      Someone primitively welded on the resulting metal.


      Maybe, but the ships are usually written off after a technical examination and they are usually carried out with the active participation of the Russian Navy. So I would not be so categorical.
      1. mpa945
        mpa945 15 September 2014 16: 20
        0
        Another couch strategist!
        Laid down on the Sevmash on July 22, 1982 as a cruising submarine. March 19, 1983 the ship was officially enlisted in the lists of ships of the Navy of the USSR.

        March 3, 1985 the ship was launched.

        In 1986, state tests were completed, on November 5 of the same year, the ship became part of the 11th DiPL of the 1st FlPL of the Northern Fleet.

        June 3, 1992 reclassified to nuclear submarine cruiser. In 1992, received the prize of the commander-in-chief of the Navy "For missile shooting." [1]

        In the spring of 1993, it was called "Krasnodar".

        During the service 4 times went on combat duty in the Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. [2]

        In 1996 he was withdrawn from the combat strength of the Northern Fleet. [2] July 28, 1998 was withdrawn from the Navy.

        Disposal funds are allocated by the USA and Italy. [2] Among the Soviet nuclear submarines, which have been in sludge for decades, one of the latter will be disposed of. [2] (C) VIKI

        This is for ten years of operation and 4 BS?

        What does hurry up mean? Submarines, especially nuclear submarines, have their own resource both in terms of power plant and hull. The metal tends to get tired, the cooling systems of the reactor also have their own wear. Therefore, the decommissioning of boats that have already expired is a normal practice, the continuation of the operation of such submarines is a very risky business, both for the crews and for the environment.

        Sawed what was of interest to the "partners" Outright junk and so disposed of.
        1. adept666
          adept666 18 September 2014 15: 16
          -1
          Another couch strategist!


          Well, where am I to you)))

          In 1996, withdrawn from the combat fleet of the Northern Fleet


          Sent for the first average repair in the NSR Severodvinsk after rocket fire at 92, 93 and autonomy at 95. What is the average repair of a nuclear-powered ship and why is it carried out after the above measures do you know a couch expert? In his best years, he took from 1 to 3 years.

          July 28, 1998 was withdrawn from the Navy


          Yeah, only your wiki doesn’t say why: due to the wear of the material part and the lack of funds for repairs. That was in '98! I hope it is not necessary to remind the state of the economy and the defense industry at that time and the amount of funding at that time? The same fate befell K-173 Krasnoyarsk. Financing has gone a bit shaky to the fleet since 2003, and strategic missile carriers, and not PLARK, were the priority for financing! They were dealt with only in 2008 and then only in words! But in fact, on December 7, 2013, from the poor bed K-132 Irkutsk, which in 2001 carried out the restoration of technical readiness and has been in reserve since 97. The boat, built in 88, is already 27!

          This is for ten years of operation and 4 BS?


          Unfortunately, the stars coincided so much that she needed her first average repair (in 10 years of service) at a time when it was not financially or technically possible. And when the opportunity arose, the boat was already standing in the crap without proper care for almost 12 years (at least). The boat was sent for recycling in 2010 after carrying out a material and technical examination 2010 - 1985 (lowered to 85) = 25 years; what 10 years of operation are we talking about?

          Sawed what was of interest to the "partners" Outright junk and so disposed of.


          Why then didn’t all Antei cut?
          1. mpa945
            mpa945 19 September 2014 23: 08
            0
            Sent for the first average repair in the NSR Severodvinsk after rocket fire at 92, 93 and autonomy at 95. What is the average repair of a nuclear-powered ship and why is it carried out after the above measures do you know a couch expert? In his best years, he took from 1 to 3 years.
            Well, if it’s not a sofa, I know that after these events an inter-passage repair is carried out. And the average laid after 20 years of operation. The rest is empty talk.

            Yeah, only your wiki doesn’t say why: due to the wear of the material part and the lack of funds for repairs. That was in '98! I hope it is not necessary to remind the state of the economy and the defense industry at that time and the amount of funding at that time? The same fate befell K-173 Krasnoyarsk. Financing has gone a bit shaky to the fleet since 2003, and strategic missile carriers, and not PLARK, were the priority for financing! They were dealt with only in 2008 and then only in words! But in fact, on December 7, 2013, from the poor bed K-132 Irkutsk, which in 2001 carried out the restoration of technical readiness and has been in reserve since 97. The boat, built in 88, is already 27!
            I had a colleague ... We haven't met for a long time. Finally (1997) we met ... We are talking ... And we cannot understand each other ... We wondered why this is so ... And then he gives out: "You are still looking for an opportunity to go to sea. And WE are looking for a reason to enter it. do not go."
            Why am I ... At our 276, by that time, the established energy production resource had been worked out. The zone is in acceptable condition. And repairs were carried out as a matter of fact - by economic means. But the ship was kept in service. And you are talking about wear and tear ... Not a single ship has worked so closely and without repair.
            Unfortunately, the stars coincided so much that she needed her first average repair (in 10 years of service) at a time when it was not financially or technically possible. And when the opportunity arose, the boat was already standing in the crap without proper care for almost 12 years (at least). The boat was sent for recycling in 2010 after carrying out a material and technical examination 2010 - 1985 (lowered to 85) = 25 years; what 10 years of operation are we talking about?
            If the average repair was required TWO times earlier - you need to look for the culprits.
            And 239 "in the sludge" still waited for her! Well, almost already.
            Why then didn’t all Antei cut?
            We didn’t have time ... And not only 949
  10. Evgeniy667b
    Evgeniy667b 15 September 2014 11: 00
    +1
    It is clear that the cutting of ships and submarines occurs with the filing of the United States. They also fuel the selfish interest of our officials. Just those stars.
    1. mpa945
      mpa945 15 September 2014 11: 20
      +3
      Listen ... Stop looking for a black cat in a dark room. All "programs" were signed by people without stars. And they were funded on purpose. Fortunately, little money was allocated even for cutting. We managed to save something. And if you want to find enemies, google the heads of the Ministry of Finance.
  11. exiv200gt
    exiv200gt 15 September 2014 11: 05
    +3
    special submarine AS-12 "Losharik"

    What is the name laughing
    1. alex86
      alex86 15 September 2014 20: 24
      0
      The name is unofficial, by the similarity of the construction of a durable case with a cartoon character ...
  12. kapitan281271
    kapitan281271 15 September 2014 11: 07
    +1
    42 of Los Angeles, even if they make Ash from gold with such a ratio, they are just targets, I don’t know, it can be better for professionals, but if I can build new ones, I still hope So far we can’t cut ours until it’s too early to modernize repair and so on ?????! !!!!
    1. mpa945
      mpa945 15 September 2014 11: 13
      +4
      but if I build new ones, I still hope so far. We can’t cut ours, while it’s too early, can modernize, repair, and so on ????? !!!!!

      So in the article it is written about this. In addition to the construction of new ones, modernization is underway 971,945,949,667bdrm. Something like this.
  13. gray
    gray 15 September 2014 14: 05
    +1
    Quote: Civil
    we need cheaper but more massive projects ...

    And they meet modern requirements. All these components (low cost, mass and modernity) need to be combined. Only after our fleet is replenished in bulk with new ships will it be possible to switch to more expensive projects, I mean aircraft carriers, etc.
  14. Bongo
    Bongo 15 September 2014 14: 19
    +3
    In the ranks and in the reserve of the Northern Fleet there are three nuclear submarines of the 941 and 941UM Shark projects. Heavy missile cruiser TK-208 Dmitry Donskoy continues to serve. This was facilitated by the repair and modernization in accordance with the 941UM project, during which the submarine received the equipment of the Bulava missile system.

    This is false information. SSBNs of projects 941 and 941UM have long been out of service due to the lack of missiles. TK-208 "Dmitry Donskoy" "serves" as an experimental vessel and was used to test missiles "Bulava", two mines were reequipped. The ship is not suitable for combat duty in its current state.
  15. Crang
    Crang 15 September 2014 14: 50
    0
    The main drawback of submarines is that they are very limitedly adapted for attacking coastal targets. We need powerful naval aviation - aircraft carriers and missile and artillery battleships. But for this, you first need to build a huge naval base on Sakhalin that has access to the operational space for the squadrons of these attack ships. Now there is no way out and therefore having huge aircraft carriers, battleships and cruisers in the Navy is not very effective. Have to focus on the BDK and TFR. And the task of fighting the enemy fleet is almost entirely at the mercy of the sub-melt.
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 15 September 2014 17: 34
      +4
      Quote: Krang
      We need powerful naval aviation - aircraft carriers and missile and artillery battleships

      "We are far behind the life of Pendalf, nowadays tank wedges and carpet bombing rule" © The Lord of the Rings. Goblin translation. laughing
    2. Dimka off
      Dimka off 15 September 2014 18: 37
      0
      Quote: Krang
      aircraft carriers

      Carriers are not the worst weapon at all. As for me, it is better to use the Tu-22M3 with specially sharpened missiles. And not so expensive and effective. IMHO
    3. soul
      soul 15 September 2014 20: 24
      0
      We need to build a huge naval base on Sakhalin -

      And where to build? In the Poronaysky Gulf? In principle, it is possible, only first, the railway to the island from the mainland needs to be extended. Everything rests on funds
  16. bmv04636
    bmv04636 15 September 2014 16: 24
    0
    And have you heard anything about bottom-based ICBMs
    More recently, information has appeared that the Rubin Rocket Design Bureau has already completed the design of a new unique weapon. We are talking about a bottom-launched ballistic intercontinental missile with a nuclear warhead. Tests are scheduled for 2013, and in 2014 it is planned to transfer to the state. tests in the troops.
    Now silence.
    1. lelikas
      lelikas 15 September 2014 17: 36
      0
      Quote: bmv04636
      Now silence.

      Let everyone think that it did not work out.
  17. Dimka off
    Dimka off 15 September 2014 18: 34
    +1
    As for me, the largest percentage in the Russian submarine fleet should be occupied by multipurpose submarines.
  18. kot11180
    kot11180 15 September 2014 20: 53
    0
    people, so "Shark" remains in the ranks? should have been written off?
  19. xomaNN
    xomaNN 15 September 2014 22: 09
    0
    Solid material! I am following with particular interest the two 941 nuclear submarines that are still out of work. On the lead nuclear submarine of this project, he was in the commissioning team for one of the fuel dispenser systems. I can well imagine what kind of colossus it is. It is a pity if it does not find a use in the current Navy. She would add "Ash" with its uniqueness, like a huge rocket platform.
  20. malikszh
    malikszh 15 September 2014 22: 28
    0
    After Roman, I don’t want to write something.
  21. Epizikl
    Epizikl 15 September 2014 22: 52
    0
    Quote: 89067359490
    You always need to know this.


    KNOW, REMEMBER and DO NOT FORGET !!!
  22. Aandrewsir
    Aandrewsir 15 September 2014 23: 32
    0
    Everything is correct. In Soviet times, the submarine fleet justified its existence and was a significant deterrent to American ambitions. It is good that the submarine fleet was remembered and a decision was made to develop it. The right thing.
  23. slavbag
    slavbag 16 September 2014 08: 39
    -1
    There is a theory that one of the overwhelming forces for the Soviet eco-economy was the submarine fleet.
  24. The comment was deleted.
  25. 54RG3
    54RG3 16 September 2014 13: 38
    0
    Quote: slavbag
    There is a theory that one of the overwhelming forces for the Soviet eco-economy was the submarine fleet.

    Anyone who does not want to feed his army will feed someone else's (s)

    And yes, it’s a pity that the enemy already knows all this - from Google
  26. Zomanus
    Zomanus 22 September 2014 06: 30
    0
    But on the one hand, all this is good: we are building new boats, modernizing the old ones ... And on the other, there will be a little like Yeltsin (Medvedev) and all these projects will go into the woods. Not in boats the strength and not in their quantity, but in the readiness to use them if that.
  27. Ml555
    Ml555 24 September 2014 19: 38
    0
    Good article, for us more new ships!
  28. krops777
    krops777 April 1 2017 04: 05
    0
    Very informative article, respect to the author. I’ll add on my own that under no pretext should you disrupt and postpone the state defense order, it is better that officials cut their salaries to the national average, maybe then they’ll stir something.
    1. Azis
      Azis 24 March 2018 21: 04
      0
      Quote: krops777
      let officials cut their salaries

      Do you understand what you said? You can cut pensions, social programs, etc. The rest is just to saw, roll and collect everything (women, puppies, watches and pens)