Military Review

The success of the project IL-76MD-90А against the background of production difficulties

June 17 in Ulyanovsk, an event of great importance for the domestic aircraft industry. The first serial Il-76MD-90А serial military transport aircraft (serial number 01-03) was removed from the assembly shop of the Aviastar-SP plant. The aircraft is already equipped with all the necessary systems and equipment. Not so long ago, the caisson of the center-section and wing were tested for leaks. The constructed aircraft was transferred to the company "Spectrum Avia", which will carry out all the necessary painting work. After that, the first production aircraft of the new model will be handed over for testing.

The success of the project IL-76MD-90А against the background of production difficulties

The new IL-76MD-90А aircraft was built under a contract dated 5 on October 2012. According to this document, before the 2020, the Ministry of Defense should receive 39 aircraft of this type, with the transfer of the first two production vehicles scheduled for the 2014 year. The total contract value is 140 billion rubles. The Il-76MD-90А military transport aircraft in the future will have to gradually replace the outdated Il-76 family of vehicles. In the course of modernization, the aircraft received new PS-90А-76 engines, new radio-electronic equipment and modified structural elements. The result was a noticeable increase in performance.

The Ulyanovsk Aviastar-SP aircraft factory has already prepared for the full-scale construction of new aircraft. However, it should be recognized that the contract work of the Ministry of Defense faces a number of serious problems. Moreover, a new project was constantly pursued by various problems, and even it was developed as a response to the arising difficulties of a production and economic nature.

The deployment of the construction of a new type of military transport aircraft at the Ulyanovsk aircraft factory was in a sense a necessary measure. Since the beginning of serial production, IL-76 aircraft have been built only at the Tashkent Aviation Production Association. V.P. Chkalov (TAPOiCH). The vast majority of these machines (more than eight hundred) were built before the collapse of the Soviet Union. After the formation of an independent Uzbekistan, the pace of work at TAPOiCH plummeted. The interaction of various enterprises involved in the construction of aircraft, it was difficult, and the number of orders has declined sharply. As a result, at the beginning of the two thousandth year, the Tashkent enterprise stopped the construction of new IL-76. To save part of the jobs, the aircraft factory was forced to switch to the production of various civilian products.

Russia and Uzbekistan in the middle of the two thousandth made an attempt to keep TAPOiCH and production on it. In 2007, Moscow proposed to include this aircraft plant in the Russian United Aircraft Building Corporation, while maintaining control from the Uzbek side. The leadership of the two countries found a common language in this matter, after which preparations began to conduct all the necessary procedures. However, specific economic events soon occurred, due to which Russia refused to include TAPOiCh in the KLA. Due to the difficult situation of the company in 2010, the bankruptcy proceedings started. In the middle of 2011, the official Moscow announced its final decision: TAPOiCH will not become part of the KLA. Soon the Tashkent plant ceased to exist.

Seeing the difficult situation of the Tashkent Aviation Production Association, the leadership of the Russian aircraft industry in 2006 year decided not only to create a new modification of the IL-76 aircraft, but also to expand its production in the domestic enterprise. The Aviastar-SP plant in Ulyanovsk was chosen as a platform for building a new aircraft. Previously, this company built heavy An-124 Ruslan heavy military transport aircraft and had some experience in the production of this class of equipment. Nevertheless, since the mid-nineties, the state of the plant left much to be desired. Like many other aircraft factories in the country, Aviastar-SP actually stood idle without orders.

In preparation for the start of construction of a new transport aircraft, the Ulyanovsk enterprise got the opportunity to upgrade its production facilities. According to the available data, the procuring and mechanoframe production has been substantially updated by now. In addition, about one and a half thousand different outdated machines were decommissioned and new equipment was purchased. There are well-developed plans for the development of aggregate-assembly production. In the near future, it is planned to transfer the project documentation for the IL-76MD-90А aircraft assembly line for examination. As expected, such a modernization of production will seriously simplify the process of building aircraft. It is assumed that the complexity of the construction of machines will be reduced by about four times in comparison with the first production aircraft.

The military transport aircraft Il-76MD-90А, whose serial construction started in Ulyanovsk, are pinned great hopes. Transport vehicles of this type will have to replace in the air force the outdated equipment of the IL-76 family. In addition, it is planned to create on the basis of the IL-76MD-90А a new tanker aircraft and a radar early warning and control aircraft. Until the end of 2014, it is supposed to transfer to the customer, represented by the Ministry of Defense, two new aircraft, in 2015, three, in 2016, six, and from 2017, construction should exceed 15 products per year.

However, not everything is so good and there are certain problems. The IL-76 aircraft modernization project constantly encountered various difficulties that have not yet been completely eradicated. One of the main problems at the moment - the lack of skilled workers in the workplace. In the eighties, at the Ulyanovsk aviation-industrial complex, later transformed into the Aviastar-SP plant, it worked up to 40 thousand people. As of 2012, the number of employees was four times less. Such a reduction in the number of workers could not affect the state of the plant.

To make up for losses in 2010, Aviastar-SP and the leadership of the Ulyanovsk Region created a resource center for training personnel. In 2012, the Center received a license and engaged in advanced training for aircraft factory employees. In order to attract new people to the industry, schools are being created in Ulyanovsk and the region aviation circles that should interest the younger generation and attract them to work in the aircraft industry.

While all the measures taken do not allow to completely fill the personnel shortage. Aviastar-SP was forced to launch a program to attract specialists from other regions of the country. In addition, skilled workers are sought in foreign countries. First of all, it is Ukraine and Uzbekistan, where large aircraft factories engaged in the construction of military transport aircraft used to work. Potential employees of the plant are offered various assistance, including payment of relocation of a specialist and his family, as well as reimbursement of expenses for new housing.

Measures to attract foreign experts have already led to the first results. The Expert Online publication cites the words of Vadim Oveychuk, Director of Human Resources at Aviastar-SP, according to whom about a hundred new employees from neighboring countries should settle down in Ulyanovsk in the near future. To date, about a quarter of these people have found work. In the future, the number of foreign workers who moved to Russia is likely to increase significantly, which may be due to the difficult situation of aircraft manufacturers in some CIS countries.

The measures taken to restore and modernize the production capacities of the Aviastar-SP Ulyanovsk enterprise in the future should allow it to reach the required pace of construction of new military transport aircraft. Full restoration of the plant’s potential will require new time, effort and money. However, the objectives of current programs fully justify all costs. At the same time, we should recall the sad fate of the Tashkent Aviation Production Association. This enterprise, left without orders, due to the absence of any government policy aimed at its preservation, ceased to exist. As for the Ulyanovsk plant, recent events allow us to make positive predictions about its future.

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  1. alex80
    alex80 30 June 2014 10: 18
    Until we do everything ourselves, no one will do it for us. Skilled workers must be
    invite / lure, well, and naturally prepare your young staff. The path chosen is the right one!
  2. bmv04636
    bmv04636 30 June 2014 10: 28
    the next step on the basis of the AN-124 Ruslan through deep modernization to produce your plane and send dill to the forest
  3. Dmitry 2246
    Dmitry 2246 30 June 2014 10: 51
    Three years is a short period for the restoration of the aviation industry.
    And let it all work out, and so will go out on planes 25 a year, for some reason I believe.
  4. The Art of War
    The Art of War 30 June 2014 10: 51
    IL-76MD-90A At MAKS 2013
    1. KIRON
      KIRON 30 June 2014 18: 17
      So Ilyukha got his second life! Good luck to the winged one.
  5. samoletil18
    samoletil18 30 June 2014 10: 57
    May God grant all the best to the Ulyanovsk aircraft plant. It's a pity, TAPOICH ... But, I hope "personnel from the near abroad" will be from this plant. It is necessary to bring up specialists from Ukraine.
  6. The Art of War
    The Art of War 30 June 2014 11: 01
    The Ministry of Defense plans to acquire 39 Aircraft by 2020! God grant! We need to change old equipment to new! And we really need such aircraft!
  7. Tommygun
    Tommygun 30 June 2014 12: 09
    I would like to see a comparative table of characteristics of the new and old models.
    1. The Art of War
      The Art of War 30 June 2014 17: 01
  8. Nitarius
    Nitarius 30 June 2014 12: 41
    good luck guys!
  9. Dniester
    Dniester 30 June 2014 15: 39
    Well, finally, Il will fly. In general, it is necessary to ban BU planes at the level of the Eurasian community. Force air carriers to clear customs ships in their countries. And to help the leasing of domestic courts, so that the series would be at least 100 pieces, then the price of one plane will be acceptable! In general, Russia has many debtors who need to be forced to buy our boards, for example, they do so!
    1. samoletil18
      samoletil18 2 July 2014 15: 16
      Yeah, only Soviet volumes how to restore?
      1. cat hippopotamus
        cat hippopotamus 4 July 2014 20: 21
        We all lost those volumes, then we have the airfield group import second-hand goods. The short-haul fleet has been lost forever, the Saratov Yak-40 in ruins. But this aircraft was, according to international classification, the most reliable aircraft in this class. The Americans even wanted to buy 400 of them on their internal lines, yes, I didn’t make a reservation. Just the choice fell on this car, but they had none. They wanted to update their inner fleet, the aircraft is reliable and showed itself well in the conditions of Alaska, i.e., in northern latitudes. Also in hot climates, the USSR was an extensive training ground.
  10. EvgenSuslov
    EvgenSuslov 30 June 2014 15: 41
    Leaked news that several engineers with families from Tashkent were taken to this enterprise. This is of course a drop in the ocean, but for the lack of personnel at least something.
  11. Gray 43
    Gray 43 30 June 2014 15: 56
    Beautiful plane !!! More to such. We couldn’t work out a mechanism for attracting qualified specialists and not necessarily Russian, who will now transfer experience in the construction of such complex models of equipment?
    1. Nayhas
      Nayhas 30 June 2014 21: 06
      Quote: Gray 43
      Beautiful plane !!! More to such. We couldn’t work out a mechanism for attracting qualified specialists and not necessarily Russian, who will now transfer experience in the construction of such complex models of equipment?

      What is beautiful? How many tanks can he carry? 0 ...
  12. xomaNN
    xomaNN 30 June 2014 16: 13
    Good luck to the aircraft builders! Now I guess the localization of this project is almost 100% - in the Russian Federation?
  13. Oprychnik
    Oprychnik 30 June 2014 17: 41
    The picture is super!
  14. alex86
    alex86 30 June 2014 20: 25
    And here in Kazan, the Tu-22 from the plant flies - from the repair, of course, but at least so ...
    1. Wing
      Wing 30 June 2014 23: 20
      Yes, these aircraft take off and another Tu-160)))) repair of course.
    2. cat hippopotamus
      cat hippopotamus 4 July 2014 20: 07
      214 carcass project you had was almost the same Ulyanovsk 204 ka. What also our officials froze, so at the project level and died?
      1. alex86
        alex86 12 August 2014 21: 35
        So far, only a special communications repeater has been made on its basis, but for people it’s better than a Boeing, there kickbacks immediately behind the cordon remain ...
  15. ra4lhw
    ra4lhw 3 July 2014 20: 49
    ... The constructed aircraft was handed over to the Spektr Avia enterprise, which will carry out all the necessary painting works. After that, the first production aircraft of the new model will be handed over for testing ... And before that, it is necessary at least "humanly" to assemble the aircraft and work out and hand over the main systems (control, wing mechanization, hydraulic system, landing gear, etc.) then some direct "tendency" - first riveted, then painted, and then everything else ... Nothing personal !!! I wish the project success!
    1. cat hippopotamus
      cat hippopotamus 4 July 2014 20: 11
      No, everything is correct, first they paint, after checking the main knots. Then, as it were, after painting, running tests and fine-tuning the whole car. There is also a bunch of auxiliary units and automation. If something the testers manually put it.
  16. cat hippopotamus
    cat hippopotamus 4 July 2014 20: 04
    Finally, they matured and began to develop their aircraft industry, I mean transport workers. But at one time there was a TU-204, which was made at Aviastar. And that Shaposhnikov, being the Minister of Aviation under the EBN, refused to buy this car for the cut. But I bought used Boeings, apparently the kickbacks did their job, under Yeltsin it was the norm. So the carcass was in no way inferior to the Boeing-320 but was cheaper. The Belgian airline bought such an aircraft in a cargo version, so Shaposhnikov ordered that Sheremetyevo would not accept this aircraft. So that no one sees that foreigners fly on our planes. China bought several pieces then in the 90s and everything stalled with the carcass project. Because they began to promote the "superjet", they say joint production with foreigners and a great future shines. Aviostar at this time was slowly "dying" without orders, and this is our newest plant in Russia. The workers scattered and the specialists were lost. Well, everyone knows how the project "superjet" ended, and the carcass was also ruined, as a result we are flying now on foreign cars second-hand. And there is no civilian fleet.