Military Review

Russian computer program for the first time in history passed the Turing test

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Created in Russia, the computer program was the first in the world to pass the famous test of the British mathematician and cryptographer Alan Turing, which was developed by him in the 1950 year. The Turing test was created in order to determine how the machine's intelligence can imitate human intelligence. It should be noted that the scientific works of Alan Turing made a generally recognized contribution to the development and formation of informatics, as well as to the formation of the concept of artificial intelligence (AI). Moreover, it was Turing who managed to crack the German code of the Enigma encryption machine during World War II.

Developed back in 2001, the Russian program was the first in storieswhich was able to perform the test of the deceased in the 1954 year of Turing. For the first time in history, a computer managed to deceive a person by posing as a 13-year-old child from Odessa. Thus, for the first time in history, engineers were able to succeed in developing some kind of artificial intelligence. Although, in fairness, it is worth noting that around the test itself and its results for many years, disputes do not abate. Many people disagree that a program that passes the Turing test can be considered a full-fledged artificial intelligence. And they are certainly right. We are still very far from full-fledged artificial intelligence, which could replace a person.

The famous Turing test is an empirical test, the main idea of ​​which belongs to Alan Turing and was put forward by him in the article “Computers and Mind”. This article was first published in the philosophical journal Mind in 1950. In his article, the British mathematician set himself the goal of determining whether the machine is capable of thinking. The standard interpretation of this test is: “A person interacts with one computer and one person. Based on the answers to his questions, he must decide for himself whether he communicates with him: with a computer program or with a person. The main task of the computer program is to mislead the person, forcing him to make the wrong choice.

Russian computer program for the first time in history passed the Turing test

All participants in this test do not see each other. If the judge is unable to say with certainty which of his interlocutors is a person, then the computer is considered to pass the test. In order to test directly the intelligence of the computer during the test, and not its ability to recognize speech, the conversation between the participants is conducted only in the text-based communication mode. In this case, the correspondence should take place at controlled and predetermined intervals so that the judge could not make his conclusion based on the speed of responses. In the days of Alan Turing, computers reacted more slowly than people, and now this rule is necessary because they react much faster than people.

According to Turing's test, a computer could be called thinking if he could convince 30% of the “negotiators” who communicate with him in the text messaging mode, that they are talking to a living person. In the 2014 year, for the first time in history, the test failed to pass the Russian program, which was written back in 2001 in St. Petersburg. The program was created by Russian engineer Vladimir Veselov (currently residing in the USA) together with Ukrainian Yevgeny Demchenko, who now lives in Russia. The computer program they compiled during the competition, which was conducted by the University of Reading (located in the UK), was able to convince 33% of the jury members that 13-year-old teenager Yevgeny Gustman hails from the Ukrainian city of Odessa.

The author of the computer program (bot) Vladimir Veselov, after winning the contest, told reporters that the main idea of ​​the developers was that the 13-year-old boy could say that he knows everything, but his age at the same time indicated that he cannot know everything. According to him, a lot of time and effort was spent on creating and developing a character that would have a believable personality. It is noteworthy that for the first time in history the computer was able to pass the Turing test namely 8 June 2014 of the year, on the 60 anniversary of the death of the famous mathematician and logic, which more than half a century ago had a significant impact on the development of information technology worldwide.


Vladimir Veselov, noting the success of his program, stressed that passing the Turing test is a remarkable achievement for the creators of the bot program. In addition, he hopes that this achievement will raise a wave of interest in the development of artificial intelligence and advanced chat bots. At the same time, not everyone expresses this achievement as extremely positive. The Englishman Kevin Warwick from the University of Coventry remarked on this point that the success of Veselov and Demchenko’s computer program once again confirms the fears of many experts about the future development of AI. According to him, computers that will be able to deceive a person will be able to become assistants to cybercriminals.

It is worth noting that the Turing test, as already stated above, has quite a few opponents. Some of them criticize the test itself, some say that passing this test is a kind of “sport” for programmers, since the test does not carry any special practical burden. Yuri Chekhovich, a senior research fellow at the Computing Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, notes that the question of whether Alan Turing's test is the equivalent of a thinking person is most likely a question of philosophy. It is no coincidence that scientists throughout the world have been arguing about it for 50 for years. In Chekhovich’s view, computer programs that try to pass the Turing test are no different from a large number of other computer programs that exist today.

For example, nowadays computers are already quite easily beating up a person in chess, but it does not occur to anyone to say that computers are able to think. In this case, the computer solves a very specific problem. In addition, there are a large number of computer programs that can write poetry. At the same time, modern computers can compose small verses by millions per second, but it is unlikely that the computer ability to put words into rhymes can be called a sign of intelligence.

Information sources:
http://russian.rt.com/article/35721
http://www.rg.ru/2014/06/09/intellekt-site.html
http://www.interfax.ru/world/380143
http://www.gazeta.ru/science/news/2014/06/09/n_6216801.shtml
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  1. Dazdranagon
    Dazdranagon 10 June 2014 08: 49
    +2
    I am sincerely glad that we are again ahead of the rest! drinks
    1. And Us Rat
      And Us Rat 10 June 2014 09: 39
      +1
      Torrent link to this program please fellow
      1. theadenter
        theadenter 10 June 2014 10: 09
        +1
        You can test it here: http://www.princetonai.com/
        Only understands English.
        1. And Us Rat
          And Us Rat 10 June 2014 15: 09
          -3
          Quote: theadenter
          You can test it here: http://www.princetonai.com/
          Only understands English.

          belay
          Why does the program "developed in Russia" understand only English ?!
          Yes, it is tested on the western domain .com?! request
          (besides broken link) sad
          1. theadenter
            theadenter 10 June 2014 16: 47
            +1
            It should not be broken, it redirects to http://default-environment-sdqm3mrmp4.elasticbeanstalk.com/ (and yes, there are a lot of people who want to check it, so it is often unavailable)
            You need to write in the text box above and click Reply.
            After talking with this bot, I realized that this is something like a somewhat improved Alice chatbot with a large database. In fact, the whole point is that he has slippery answers, this gives the impression of his "mind". It doesn't smell like intellect. It felt like I was talking to something like Siri.

            As for the Russian development, I will say the following: the developers are 2 students (?), One from Ukraine, the other from Russia. Both of them, as I understand it, are studying at Princeton University.
          2. Shurale
            Shurale 11 June 2014 13: 46
            0
            I think English is easier, because they wrote it, there would be more problems with Russian ... Again, like an international one, they killed two birds with one stone ...
    2. mirag2
      mirag2 10 June 2014 09: 54
      +8
      I will note that there can be no other, when I was young, there was a "UPC" at school on Fridays in high school, we studied different professions - who is a "radio installer", something else, and I chose
      "computer operator" - it was 86-87, so in order to press the buttons on the computer "DVK-2", "DVK-3" (dialogue computer complex), we studied everything, starting with the architecture of logical schemes - there "yes", "no", "or" - and ending with programming languages ​​- "BASIC", "Pascal & q
      uot;, I don't remember already, in my opinion "algol" ...
      "Tetris" just appeared, but it was called "glass" - figures are falling into the glass.
      This kind of education was in secondary schools of the USSR.
      "Tetris" just appeared, but it was called "glass" -type figures are falling into the glass.
      And when I learn in the early 90s, with the help of all sorts of amerskih funds and "heroes" like Politkovskaya (who "consult" with Lord Judds), that you don't need to learn at school what you won't be useful in life, that's where I realized, that the collapse of our intellectual component started from within, that this is bad, and that I and that I was led to support Yeltsin "on the barricades" in Moscow in August ...
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Aryan
        Aryan 10 June 2014 10: 24
        0
        the main thing is that the Turing test does not pass
        he was a noble homosexual lol
        1. inkass_98
          inkass_98 10 June 2014 10: 56
          +1
          Quote: Aryan
          the main thing is that the Turing test does not pass

          So he’s already been rehabilitated (without advertising, so as not to discredit the queen, but she affirmed the verdict for him for what now the whole progressive public is fighting) either at the end of last year, or at the beginning of this ...
      3. inkass_98
        inkass_98 10 June 2014 10: 54
        +3
        Quote: mirag2
        and I chose "computer operator"

        At the same time, I myself chose the same specialty, I studied at the Information Center at the city communications center. Seen enough on the advanced at that time, domestic computer technology, the first PCs.
  2. snifer
    snifer 10 June 2014 08: 50
    +1
    I tested a similar program a few years ago, I almost lost my mind because I’m talking to a computer, wassat it was very believable.
    1. mirag2
      mirag2 10 June 2014 09: 43
      +1
      I heard earlier that our i-Sis are leading in the creation of artificial intelligence, and now is this confirmation?
      But why is this person not working in Russia?
      Whatever he creates, even a homunculus, still this product is not ours.
      One can only rejoice for a clever Russian-as the Jews rejoice in clever Einstein.
      Such people should work for their country!
      1. snifer
        snifer 10 June 2014 10: 09
        +1
        the fact is that in Russia there are a lot of smart programmers, but their knowledge is not needed, and they are not paid adequately, so many people turn into hackers. By the way, as a person who is a little in the subject, I can say that give me 100 IT people and I will seize the land wassat
        1. mirag2
          mirag2 10 June 2014 18: 04
          0
          I completely agree with this.
          For a very long time I did not understandwhy in the Russian Armed Forces there is no combat IT unit as in China, for example.
          Those "scientific companies" that have appeared in the Russian Armed Forces now, I do not know anything about them, except for the official information. What is it? - "Generator of ideas", or a unit performing specific combat (IT tasks) -or some mixture of this? Or what?
          I don’t know about this ...
  3. tokin1959
    tokin1959 10 June 2014 09: 34
    0
    Actually - Turing is a homosexual, at that time he was driven out of wherever possible because of this.
    1. Aryan
      Aryan 10 June 2014 10: 36
      +6
      Quote: tokin1959
      Actually - Turing is a homosexual, at that time he was driven out of wherever possible because of this.


      and the inability to distinguish a person from the program
      very Turing
      he himself could not distinguish male ass from female laughing
      color blind
      1. inkass_98
        inkass_98 10 June 2014 10: 59
        +2
        Quote: Aryan
        color blind

        Here I ask you not to touch color blind. With orientation, everything is fine with us, and that colors are not all distinguishable, it is just the mother's fault.
      2. tol100v
        tol100v 10 June 2014 17: 37
        +1
        Something is wrong at the conservatory.
    2. The comment was deleted.
  4. RPG_
    RPG_ 10 June 2014 09: 36
    0
    Terminators will live among us soon laughing
  5. Tatarus
    Tatarus 10 June 2014 10: 50
    +1
    On the basis of such bots, the daughters of officers appear
  6. Dragon-y
    Dragon-y 10 June 2014 11: 20
    +3
    "Skynet" is getting closer! ..
  7. Maksim...
    Maksim... 10 June 2014 13: 27
    +1
    Glory to the robots ... wassat
  8. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker 10 June 2014 17: 59
    0
    Here's a new misfortune then! Many second halves and friends are found via the Internet ... How many disappointments it will be if you run into BOT! Do you want to get to know, and there is a digital crocodile matrix type! Well, the bots will get to know each other, chat at a speed of 1000 words per minute ... They will write articles on VO on programming topics, and discuss in the forum, minus the people ... How would these SHOES like soldier kirzachs not crush MANKING! FREEDOM OF HUMAN INTERNET! Down with the BOOTS!
    1. snifer
      snifer 10 June 2014 18: 37
      +1
      it's even worse when you meet and there is a homosexual sitting there))) bot then it still did not go anywhere, but with such a "Sveta" to make friends online is creepy lol
  9. Alex Danilov
    Alex Danilov 11 June 2014 02: 15
    0
    Far before that, otherwise, they would have developed and made this AI into a human-like machine and the very first where they would have taken this machine to military development, to the army.
    Well, then, after the army, into the ordinary life of people.
    1. Tommygun
      Tommygun 11 June 2014 09: 40
      0
      Yeah, a robot prostitute before the robot soldier appears.
      Financing is better wassat
    2. Kisel
      Kisel 11 June 2014 12: 05
      0
      Fear of a Bot Planet (Rus. "Fear of the planet of robots") - the fifth episode of the first season of the animated series "Futurama". His North American premiere took place on April 20, 1999. To get into the city of robots, Fry and Leela pass the Turing anti-test. laughing
      1. Kisel
        Kisel 11 June 2014 12: 49
        +1
        +
        Free Will Hunting (Rus. "Hunting for free will") - episode 9 of season 7 of the animated series Futurama. The free will module is a device that allows robots to think and perform various actions, regardless of the program embedded in them.