The American magazine listed four significant shortcomings of the Chinese "Varyag"

1 June in one of the American military magazines listed four significant shortcomings of the Chinese aircraft carrier Shi Lang, which is an unfinished version of the Soviet aircraft carrier Varyag, purchased in Ukraine.




First, this aircraft carrier will operate in the Pacific, where more than 10 aircraft carriers and aircraft carriers of the United States and its allies are already concentrated. Secondly, the Chinese carrier-based fighter, which is a copy of the Russian Su-33, is significantly inferior in its combat characteristics to the American F / A-18E / F fighters; besides, the aircraft carrier does not have DRLO, EW and transport vehicles, and this gap with time will only increase. Thirdly, the Chinese ship has an extremely low-power self-defense system, does not have sufficiently effective escort forces in the form of modern surface ships and submarines. Fourth, China was unable to solve the problem of creating a reliable power plant of the ship, which is the “biggest weakness” of its first aircraft carrier. The commander of the US Pacific Command, Admiral Robert Willard (Robert Willard) at a hearing in the Senate in April of this year said that he "was not disturbed by the military capabilities of the Chinese aircraft carrier."

This aircraft carrier can only be a training platform for personnel training, and this can last for years and even decades before the first truly combat-ready national aircraft carriers emerge. Even if Shi Lang is used in hostilities, its combat capabilities will be minimal. However, it can patrol the controversial offshore areas, and in this respect the aircraft carrier will significantly increase the range of the PLA Navy.

The American media report that a “multinational” carrier group of the United States and its close allies will be formed in the Pacific, which will consist of 22 aircraft carrier and aircraft carrier ships, including the naval forces of Japan, South Korea, Thailand and India. The American nuclear carrier carries onboard 70 airplanes and helicopters, including F / A-18 fighter jets, EW AE-6B or E / A-18G, DRLO E-2, and C-2 and H- helicopters 60. The Chinese aircraft carrier and some do not stand compared to such a diverse potential.

There have been rumors that China is developing the US-based E-2 class DRLO plane, but Shi Lang does not have a steam catapult that is necessary for the take-off of such aircraft. China is also developing the Z-8 DRLO helicopter, but its capabilities are no match for the E-2 characteristics. In the next decade, the gap will only increase, as the US Navy will begin to deploy deck UAVs for various purposes.

Currently, for the escort of a Chinese aircraft carrier, only two destroyers Type 052C can be used, equipped with some kind of AEGIS system. These ships carry half the size of missiles, and their radar capabilities do not allow tracking dozens of targets, which can be done by American ships equipped with the AEGIS system.

The situation with the submarines of the military guard is even worse. The PLA Navy has two 093 Type submarines, but does not have a modern underwater communications system. The radio communication systems created in China do not have a sufficient level of perfection. Thus, the Chinese aircraft carrier cannot rely on effective cover from the side of submarines.

American media report that the creation of modern jet engines for combat aircraft and gas turbine power plants for ships are the most difficult in technical and technological terms. The Pentagon is faced with similar problems when developing an engine for the F-35B stealth fighter with a shortened take-off and vertical landing, and the power unit of the San Antonio-class amphibious assault helicopters.

Problems with engines delayed the development of the combat helicopter WZ-10 for almost 10 years, the promising fighter of the new generation J-20 is equipped with two types of turbofans - the Russian AL-31F and the Chinese WS-10A.

It is reported that China has acquired a propulsion system for its "Varyag" in Ukraine. This power plant cannot be reliable, as evidenced by the fact that the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov, equipped with Ukrainian turbines, is mostly idle on its base due to frequent breakdowns. If the ship goes out to sea, the tug is relentlessly following it in order to tow it back to the port in case of another breakdown. With the Chinese "Varyag" is also very likely this situation.

Researcher at the National University of Zhengzhi (Taiwan) Arthur S. Ding (Arthur S. Ding) says that "China, with its growing interests in the sea, will have to wait for the creation of more powerful and reliable aircraft carriers."
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  1. mishan
    mishan 6 June 2011 11: 13 New
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    "US media report that in the future, a" multinational "aircraft carrier group of the United States and its close allies will be formed in the Pacific, which will include 22 aircraft carriers and aircraft carriers, including the Navy of Japan, South Korea, Thailand and India."
    Wow !! and India !? a close ally, and even with an aircraft carrier fleet! here are those on
  2. datur 6 June 2011 11: 26 New
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    “China, with its growing interests at sea, will have to wait for the creation of more powerful and reliable aircraft carriers.” - The Chinese are patient and they know how to copy.
  3. Rico1977
    Rico1977 6 June 2011 15: 00 New
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    If the Chinese really developed anti-ship missiles with a range of up to 2000 km. then all these aircraft carrier groups are just targets. And the Su-33, albeit a Chinese copied one, is no weaker than the F-18 in terms of flight characteristics, although of course the electronics are worse. I don’t know how it is now, but because it was an aircraft carrier cruiser, and not just an aircraft carrier, it had the most powerful anti-ship and anti-aircraft weapons. He alone could fight a whole group of ships without relying on escort ships. Here on the engines and cruisers and aircraft are right, as well as about AWACS. Here yes - but it is so far ... The Chinese have not yet sought to conquer the sea, and their coast along a radius of 2000 km. they have already defended. This aircraft carrier is really more for training. Well, the Americans - the main thing is to grow up, we are all the coolest. Well, throw hats, throw bankrupt.
    1. Buy
      Buy 6 June 2011 16: 24 New
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      Su-27 (33) is much better than the Hornet and slightly worse than the Super Hornet due to the lack of engines with a variable thrust vector on it. And the electronics ... I didn’t have to compare the one that was on Soviet cars 20 years ago and the one that the Chinese put to themselves. Yes, and about the engines of the aircraft carrier is unknown. There will be sea trials - it will be seen. 12 years ago, China did not have its own national automobile plants, and now their cars even in the USA. There is something to ponder.
    2. PSih2097 6 June 2011 21: 00 New
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      According to AWACS, they are eager to buy the Yak44 technology, especially since the technical specifications for it went at 1143.5 and 1143.7.
  4. nnz226 6 June 2011 15: 19 New
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    As far as I remember, the augers themselves still have either 12 or 11 .. + they are also going to reduce their number ... Where are the "one" 21 aircraft carriers going to catch up with? And yet: I don’t know how the Chinese copy is, but the Russian Su33 from the American F18 will only leave fragments in battle ... The staff members again praise the “beloved ones”. Again, their AUGs will not come close to the Chinese coast, tea, China is now not Vietnam in the 60 of the 20 century, and they can be sold in full. Then the question is: do you need AUGs on the Chinese coast, if they stay away from them, outside the coverage of their own aircraft ???
    1. PSih2097 6 June 2011 21: 06 New
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      with amers 11v I’ll build + 1 in repair this is a Nimitz project, plus 2 CVX were laid.
      22 aircraft carriers (do not forget about helicopter carriers, they theoretically can launch the F35B) - these are the USA + NATO, Japan, Korea, etc.
  5. APASUS
    APASUS 6 June 2011 20: 19 New
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    What China did not have was the experience of using the AUG. But then they quickly realized that it was all for sale and in five years the Chinese fleet would plow the oceans. But in our press everyone is discussing and the army is waiting for us Will there be or will we not have aircraft carriers? is changing and will soon have to fight for their land. The West is more interesting to deal with a dozen countries on the territory of the former Russia than a strong and independent COUNTRY !!!
    1. iceviper
      iceviper 7 June 2011 02: 09 New
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      We need aircraft carriers, this issue has not been discussed in expert circles for a long time, just our policy has razed this question. So now they think and whether they are necessary? Dear, after all, infection. And who will protect our fleet? More precisely, the remains of the USSR fleet ... We have the fleet has always had problems with air, and here you are on, aircraft carriers don’t need ... Ish you ... 5 in the north, 5 in Vladik and point 1-2 repair 3 in the service :)
  6. datur 7 June 2011 13: 57 New
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    what kind of aug is for our helmsmen the main thing is that they look beautiful on the screen and saw bablosiki, that's all their nano-tasks. and they’re parted at home.
  7. PSih2097 7 June 2011 17: 17 New
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    Moreover, from 12 to 17 years, Kuzya becomes a kapitalka, and there you look, he will be thrown off like Gorshkova or Varyag, explaining that he is outdated, here we will sell and build a superNANoAvianosets, his photo in my post about AUG.
  8. Cheburatorsn
    Cheburatorsn 12 June 2011 02: 19 New
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    Cheburatorpl 13 June 2011 15: 58 New
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  10. avdkrd 30 January 2012 20: 14 New
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    I wonder how a copy of su 33 (if it is really a copy) can be worse than the F-18?
  11. Bad_gr 5 February 2012 17: 08 New
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    ".......... the Chinese carrier-based fighter, which is a copy of the Russian Su-33, is significantly inferior in its combat characteristics to the American F / A-18E / F, ....."
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ~

    "...... At present, when solving the problems of gaining air supremacy, the Su-33 can be considered the best serial ship-based fighter in the world. It surpasses the main naval carrier fighter MacDonnell-Douglas F / A-18C / D" Hornit " and the promising F / A-18E / F Super Horn fighter in practically all the basic flight and technical characteristics, as well as in the capabilities of the airborne weapons system in the fight against air targets. than the Su-14, radar and long-range air-to-air missiles AIM-33 "Phoenix", significantly inferior to the Su-54 in maneuverable and accelerating characteristics, as well as combat radius of action. Production Association in Komsomolsk-on-Amur. Work is underway to further improve the aircraft. The Su-33 has been recognized as one of the five most priority areas for the development of the multi-role fighter Russian aviation in the coming years. ..... "

    Information sources:
    Ship-based fighter Su-33 / Y. Ivanov, "Bulletin of Aviation and Cosmonautics" No. 3 of 2000 /
    Naval Aviation in the Service of Russia / Edited by G.S. Panatov, - M .: Restart +, 2000 /
    Pride of Russia / CD-ROM, Lana-Press, 1997 /
  12. saramb
    saramb 13 November 2013 02: 20 New
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    And where do we go on aircraft carriers, to the circle of our shores, but we don’t need to America, we have enough of our territory. We need to build up the surface and underwater fleet with anti-ship missiles. And from coastal and island airfields, you can maintain your fleet without aircraft carriers. You need to develop coastal military infrastructure especially in the far east of Sakhalin, Kuril Islands, Kamchatka, etc.