Military Review

Revolver Slocum (Brooklyn Arms Slocum)

Revolver Slocum (Brooklyn Arms Slocum)

Smith and Wesson on April 3, 1855, July 5, 1859, and December 18, 1860 received patents for the manufacture of revolvers, which were loaded with unitary cartridges from the breech side. Rollin White of Hartford received a similar patent in 1855 and 1858, who, like many gunsmiths, understood the competitive advantage of breech-loading revolvers. In 1860, Smith & Wesson bought Rollin White's patent and became a monopolist in the production of breech-loaded revolvers using a cartridge with a metal sleeve. By bringing lawsuits against competitors infringing on their patents, Horace Smith and Daniel Wesson prevented Colt and many other gunsmiths from legally making breech-loading revolvers, capturing the market for many years.

The Brooklyn Arms Company revolver (Brooklyn Arms Slocum) is a typical example of one of the manufacturers' design decisions in an attempt to circumvent Rollin White and Smith-Wesson patents.

The revolver is designed by Frank P. Slocum from Brooklyn, New York, who received 14's April 1863 patent number X38294. The patent described improvements to the drum design, and the proposed loader system was named: “Side-loading Revolver” (Side Loading Revolver).

The Slocum revolver used unitary .32 ammunition for ring-ignition caliber with a metal sleeve and a lead bullet, designed by Smith and Wesson.

The design feature of the Slokum revolver is that the drum consists of five sections (moving chambers) that move in the longitudinal direction.

To retrieve the spent sleeve in weapons there is an extractor rod, which is fixed on the right side of the frame in front of the drum and has a flat tip, which provides the convenience of extracting the sleeves. The section (movable chamber) of the drum is installed opposite this rod and the chamber is pushed onto the rod, while the sleeve is removed from the chamber.

A cartridge is placed in the cavity of the drum formed by the shifting chamber, and the chamber returns to its original position, seizing the cartridge. Thus, all five chambers are charged alternately.

The Slocum revolver consists of a frame with a twisted barrel, a drum with movable chambers, a firing mechanism and a trigger axis. The frame on the left has a cover that is attached with screws. The heads of the screws are the axis of the trigger and trigger. The frame cover provides access to the trigger mechanism.

Single-action revolver trigger mechanism. The trigger with a curved needle and flat striker. The nipple type trigger (sometimes called the Mexican) is hidden in the lower tide of the frame.

The Slokum revolver has a barrel 76 mm in length of circular cross section with six rectangular grooves of the barrel bore. The serial number of the weapon is plotted on the front tide of the frame.

The frame of the revolver was usually made of brass, the barrel, drum and parts of the trigger mechanism of steel. The cheeks of the handle were made of rosewood or walnut wood.

At the top of the frame is a groove for easy aiming.

The cylindrical brass front sight is installed in the upper part of the barrel at the muzzle. The upper part of the barrel is marked with the abbreviation of the manufacturer Brooklyn Arms Company and the date of the patent: "BACo PATENT APRIL 14th 1863"

The Slocum revolver has been very well publicized. According to the manufacturer's annotation, the revolver is convenient in that it uses a closed frame design and the well-proven and common 0.32 cartridges of Smith & Wesson caliber. Due to the unusual design, loading the weapon can be performed even in the dark.

The presence of the breech of the drum prevents the jamming of the sleeves in the frame when inflating their bottom parts, so that the drum rotates perfectly. The presence of holes in the places of installation of movable drum cavities allows lubricating the axis of the drum without disassembling the weapon.

In addition to conventional weapons, the Brooklyn Arms Company also produced Slocum piece revolvers. The cheeks of the arms of such revolvers were made of ivory.

Metal parts of the weapon were covered with an elegant engraving, as a rule of vegetable ornament.

Sometimes images of animals were used in the decoration, as on this revolver, stored in the National Museum of Arms of the USA.

Brooklyn Arms Company produced Slocum revolvers (Slocum Side Loading Revolver) from 1863 to 1864 of the year. A total of three major varieties were produced, slightly differing from each other, approximately 10000 copies of Slocum Side Loading Revolver. The weapon is popular among collectors and is found not only in the US, but also among antique dealers and weapons lovers on the European continent. The price of this revolver in good condition and a standard version is within 2000 — 3000 dollars. The cost of piece weapons in the original weapon case may exceed 8000 dollars.
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  1. avt
    avt 28 May 2014 09: 48
    A good, informative article with excellent illustrations good And the weapon ... well, let’s say so - it’s glamorously sophisticated. Engineering thought was not tailored for the user in the field, rather, the designer got a buzz from the design of the extractor and the machine as a whole, but for the collector it is.
    1. Mister X
      Mister X 28 May 2014 18: 54
      Loading, extraction of spent cartridges or unloading a revolver is certainly not the most convenient operation.
      Well, how to shoot something from it?
      The trigger is short, the stroke of the hook is probably minimal, the effort during the descent is significant, there is no trigger guard at all:
      From the point of safety and convenience, this cute revolver of the original design causes a lot of complaints.
  2. golova74
    golova74 28 May 2014 13: 21
    An interesting article weapons contrary to the ban
  3. Kapitan Oleg
    Kapitan Oleg 28 May 2014 15: 55
    Good for collection. The finish is beautiful.
  4. D.V.
    D.V. 29 May 2014 09: 23
    Good article. Cognitive! God made people equal and Colt equalized them in rights
  5. Denimax
    Denimax 29 May 2014 09: 48
    A revolver, unlike a pistol, allows the use of more powerful cartridges.
    1. Sour
      Sour 29 May 2014 16: 49
      Quote: Denimax
      A revolver, unlike a pistol, allows the use of more powerful cartridges.

      Why on earth? Explain your point.
      This is not the first time I've heard this, but no one has proven such an idea to me.
      I do not see anything in the design of the revolver that "allows the use of more powerful cartridges."
      Revolvers and pistols are different, including the power of cartridges.
      Such cartridges as ".38 Super", "9 mm Mars", "9 mm Mauser", "9 mm Bergmann", ".357 AMP", ".45 AKP", ".44 AMP", ".45 Mars "," .50 Action Express "cannot be called low-powered. But these are pistol cartridges, not revolving cartridges.
      In addition, revolvers, due to the worst obturation, do not fully use all the energy of the powder charge.
  6. kirpich
    kirpich 29 May 2014 14: 53
    Sometimes images of animals were used in the decoration, as on this revolver, stored in the National Museum of Arms of the USA.

    Uh ... I dare to ask. In the last photo, on the handle is an animal?
  7. Denimax
    Denimax 29 May 2014 20: 39
    Quote: Sour
    Why on earth? Explain your point.
    This is not the first time I've heard this, but no one has proven such an idea to me.

    The length of the cartridge determines its power. You can’t place a very long cartridge in the pistol grip, otherwise the grip will be unobtainable.
    If the magazine is in front of the bracket as on the old Mauser, then the magazine's length plus the chamber (cartridge length) make the gun too long.
    1. Sour
      Sour 30 May 2014 16: 57
      Everything you wrote is not true.
      I gave examples of pistol cartridges that outperform the most powerful revolving cartridges.
      And you won’t make the drum infinitely long.
      The most powerful of the revolving cartridges have approximately the same sleeve length as the most powerful of the pistol.
      In addition, revolving cartridges, as a rule, with a shellless bullet, which imposes certain restrictions on the initial speed (the bullet can be destroyed already in the barrel).
      A simple example. One of the most powerful revolving cartridges, the 44th Magnum, has an initial bullet velocity of 391 m / s, while the 44th AMP pistol cartridge, similar in size and caliber, has an initial velocity of 512 m / s.
      Fans of revolvers like to talk about their allegedly greater power compared to pistols, while willingly citing examples of the most powerful revolvers, but pretend that they have never heard of pistols more powerful than the Mauser. And then in general they say about PM.
      Formally, there is a super-revolver "Smith-Wesson 500 Magnum" (which is almost not for sale), chambered for a hunting fitting, but it is already beyond the scope of portable weapons. If anything, there are so-called pistols. "assault", including "Automag-V" chambered for 12,7 x 81 mm bottle-shaped, which do not have a magazine in the handle.
      So your argument is about nothing. The revolver, as a type of construction, has no special advantages over the gun.
      1. Denimax
        Denimax 1 June 2014 17: 35
        I gave you the specifics of the layout of the revolver and gun as an example. And you decided to fall asleep with your examples, which have nothing under themselves.
        Once again I will explain that even a 5,45 × 39 mm cartridge can be thrust into a revolver. Is such ammunition possible in a pistol? No. Otherwise, the handle will be for Valuev or the gun will look like AKS74U.