MIC

Named guilty of disrupting the state defense order in 2010 year

The Russian government promptly responded to a request issued by President Dmitry Medvedev to find and punish those guilty of disrupting the fulfillment of the state defense order in 2010. According to the results of punitive sanctions, five officials lost their high positions; another 11 received severe reprimands. But according to the government, the search for those in charge is not over - over the next few months, the list of those who will be punished may be expanded. Nonetheless, today's batch dismissal of military officials and CEOs doesn’t look, for the most part, not as a punishment, but as another attempt to “hush up” the scandalous history with a failed state defense order.




The search for those guilty of disrupting the execution of the state defense order in 2010 was launched in the middle of March 2011, it was then that Russian President Dmitry Medvedev promised to carefully investigate what had happened. As the President stated, “part of the tasks assigned for the state defense order, unfortunately, was failed. In the shortest possible time, I will conduct a debriefing with the exact definition of responsible persons, both from industry and from government structures. ” As the presidential investigation went on in practice, it was not reported in public sources.

10 May 2011, a working meeting was held on the future development of the defense industry. At the meeting, the central theme again was the failure to fulfill last year’s state defense order and the search for those responsible. "It is unacceptable when important decisions are made, and it should be said at the highest level, funds are allocated, and products are not delivered," the president said and once again quoted excerpt from his message to the Federal Assembly, which was announced in 2009 year.

In that message, Dmitry Medvedev solemnly guaranteed that the troops in 2010 would be supplied with “more than 30 sea-based and ground-based ballistic missiles, five modern Iskander missile systems, around 300 armored vehicles, 30 helicopters, 28 aircraft, 3 nuclear submarines, 1 warship class "Corvette", as well as 11 spacecraft. " 2010 of the year has passed and as it turned out, the state defense order was implemented on 70%. The military never received the promised ship of the “corvette” type of the 20380 project, 3-type submarines 955 “Borey” and 885 “Ash”, 6-and training aircraft model Yak-130, 76 BMP-3 and 5-spacecraft .

The president ended his speech with the following phrase: “As you understand perfectly well, when I spoke, I did not invent it myself - everything was coordinated with almost everyone sitting here. Not done why? Waiting for an informed response with suggestions. You should understand that at the time of these, more than half of those present at this meeting would be engaged in active, hard labor in the clean air: you must be responsible for the commitments made under your responsibility, we simply look completely unacceptable in this sense. ” After literally a week, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Sergei Ivanov presented Medvedev with a report “on measures of disciplinary influence for disrupting the fulfillment of the state defense order.”

Thanks to the active and operational actions of the government, Izhmash’s general director V.Grodetsky and his colleague from the Research Institute of Electromechanics A. Hohlovich lost their positions. In addition, the head of the department for the development of the organization of orders for aircraft and weapons, Colonel I. Krylov, deputy. Major-General N. Vaganov, Head of the Main Directorate of the Russian Armed Forces Research and Development, and Deputy. Commander in Chief of the Navy in Armaments, Vice Admiral N. Borisov. Severe reprimands were announced to A. Leonov, general director of NPO Mashinostroyenia, and N. Testoedov, general designer and general director of Information Satellite Systems.

Disciplinary and administrative sanctions were also applied to another eight leaders of defense industry enterprises. In addition, such sanctions are expected by the general director of the shipbuilding enterprise Sevmash, Severodvinsk N. Kalistratova, deputy. Head of Roscosmos A.Shilov and heads of subsidiaries belonging to the United Aircraft Building Corporation. It should be noted that earlier claims against Nikolai Kalistratov were made only on the project of modernization and maintenance of the aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov under the terms of the contract with India.

According to published data by the Kremlin press service, the announced measures “are quite enough both to raise personal responsibility and executive discipline, and to prevent repeated instances of deadlines, transfer of products to the customer.”

In the demonstrative process of public flogging, it was not without its overlap. In particular, the Kremlin’s press release says that Major General I. I. Vaganov, Deputy Head of the Main Directorate of the Armed Forces, was dismissed from his post. Obviously, a typographical error has crept in here, since formerly Major General Vaganov was in that position, but his name and fatherland was Nikolai Ivanovich (N.I.), and not the mysterious I.I. It is curious that Major General Nikolai Vaganov was Fired, according to Medvedev's order, back in October last year, that is, long before it became clear that the execution of the state defense order was failed.

By incomprehensible logic, the deputy was included in the number of dismissed. Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy for Armaments, Vice Admiral N. Borisov. From his position, Borisov was fired on 19 on April 2011, and the official reason for his resignation is the manifested incompetence and lack of professionalism in negotiating the acquisition of French Mistral-type helicopter carriers - the Vice-Admiral put his signature on a protocol that is not beneficial for Russia with the French side about the configuration and the cost of ships, to do this, he had no right.

According to the Vedomosti newspaper, V. Grodetsky was dismissed from his post as director of Izhmash in March 2011. The reason for this was called the accusation of the collapse of a powerful enterprise. However, according to the official version, Grodetsky was sent on a long vacation, and M. Kuzyuk was appointed his deputy for the vacation period. Currently, the acting head of Izhmash, together with a team of his employees and an expert group of Russian Technologies, is searching for real opportunities to get the company out of the economic crisis.

A.Leonov, the head of the NPO Mashinostroyenia, a little earlier had been reprimanded for the technical delay of experimental design and research works. Among those who fell under the punishment for an inexplicable reason, there was no former UAC head A. Fedorov, who was dismissed at the beginning of 2011 for disrupting the execution of the contract for the supply of transport workers IL-76МФ to Jordan. According to the obvious logic of things, the former head of the KLA in the list of Deputy Prime Minister Ivanov should simply be present.

Considering all this large-scale and universal punishment of the perpetrators, it looks more like a desperate attempt to “hush up” the unpleasant history of the failure of the state defense order, so that the president’s disfavor and an unambiguous hint of “active hard, physical work in the open air” pass other potential perpetrators. Indeed, in reality, people were already deprived of their high positions for disrupting the state defense order, previously punished for completely different offenses earlier, in other words, in fact, no one bore the actual punishment. The severe reprimands handed down can hardly be mistaken for a severe punishment, and the dismissal of those already fired is even less so.


But what is strange in the course of the report, Mr. Ivanov, apparently, somehow forgot to mention that since 20 in March 2006, he was the chairman of the Military-Industrial Commission established under the Russian government and it is his responsibility to oversee the military-industrial complex. The commission itself, among other things, is responsible for the formation and control over the implementation of the state defense order. By and large, in the cited list of perpetrators, which Ivanov sounded, the first item should be his own surname, because in the end, the implementation of the state defense order failed directly under his sensitive and precise guidance.

Another surprising strangeness that the failed 2010 state defense order of the year was the reason for such a violent negative reaction of the president and the government, is that if you remember, the execution of the state defense order of the 2009 year was only 50%, however no punitive sanctions happened then. Previously, some representatives of the domestic defense industry expressed complaints that funds under contracts concluded in the framework of the state defense order are transferred with significant delays. In addition, the work contracts themselves are also extremely late. This explains the regular disruption of the delivery time of weapons and military equipment. At the same time, as an excuse, a number of Russian officials, including Ivanov himself, explained that the late terms of concluding contracts and transferring funds are due to the fact that defense enterprises overestimate the prices of their products.

It should be noted that the state defense order procedure itself is not generally accessible and open and has always been and remains, associated with a very high level of corruption. However, if we omit the huge corruption component, the increase in the cost of defense products is quite understandable. It is clear that this growth is supported by the government itself and the military department of Russia. The question is that in previous years, all defense enterprises in the first half of the year received a small part of the payment for the order, and most of the funds were transferred at the end of the year. At the same time, the money that was transferred at the beginning was often not enough to fulfill obligations under the contracts concluded, and the companies were simply forced to apply for loans from banks.

In the near future, a new federal target program will begin to operate in the country to modernize the decayed military-industrial complex. Before 2020, 3 trillion rubles is planned to spend on these goals. 60% of the planned amount will be allocated from the state budget, and the remaining 40% - from the funds of defense enterprises themselves. The main goal, according to Putin, is a significant rejuvenation of personnel, modernization and renewal of production and investment in experimental design and research work.

During the February 24 press conference, 2011, at the time, was still the first deputy. RF Minister of Defense V.Popovkin spoke about the financing of the state armaments program for the period of 2011-2020, for which it is planned to allocate 20 trillions of rubles. This well-established scheme reflects the annual stages of state defense order financing. Before 2015, Russian defense enterprises must receive 700 billion rubles to realize the possibility of concluding contracts for the supply of military equipment and weapons after 2015. Thanks to insignificant financing, the deputy minister explained, companies will be able to get loans from banks for the implementation of future contracts. It is extremely clear that if a company receives a loan from a bank, it should, after a while, repay this loan, moreover with interest. Of course, the interest is small, given the fact that strategic enterprises can use loans at preferential rates, but no one will give money for long periods of time. The need to subsequently return to banks debts with accrued interest affects the final profits of enterprises that, in turn, are trying to compensate for financial losses due to a slight increase in prices for finished products. That is, the cost of weapons and military equipment to some extent depends on how things are on the credit market and the exchange rate. It should also be remembered that, in the main, all contractors of the head enterprises of the defense industrial complex often require an advance payment for their services in one hundred percent.

To correct the current situation 12 May 2011, the Prime Minister Putin solemnly promised. He said that the Russian Defense Ministry will have a real opportunity to make 100-percent advance for the state defense order. The corresponding bill is currently being drafted by the government. But, the document, having become the law in force, will allow 100% to prepay only in cooperation with large enterprises that confirm their viability.

However, the Defense Ministry itself claims that a significant delay in signing contracts is associated with a long-term coordination of the cost and technical equipment of the equipment - the military, as a rule, tries to knock out lower prices. Here in this moment the circle closes - enterprises cannot reduce prices, because they take money on credit, the military do not sign contracts, because they strive to achieve the maximum price reduction, and the Russian government cannot introduce 100% prepayment for contracts, due to the fact that fears the waste of significant funds without visible returns.
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