Military Review

From on-board equipment to space shaver

From on-board equipment to space shaver

KRET enterprises took an active part in space exploration. Products developed by Concern's specialists can be found on all spacecraft and stations, from Vostok-1 to the ISS. On the simulators created at the KRET enterprise, Yuri Gagarin prepared for flight. Not one generation of Soviet cosmonauts used a unique development - the space electric razor.


Artificial satellites, devices for the study of the Moon, Mars, Venus and Halley's comet, as well as spacecraft and stations are almost entirely equipped with wires and cables created in the Cable Industry Bureau (OKB KP).

At the Mir station, almost the entire onboard cable network was made of OKB KP products. For all the time the station was in operation, there was not a single fault on its board due to cables. Their resource was not exhausted even by the time of the station flooding.

Today, the cable network of the Russian modules of the MKS for 95% consists of the company's products. The four-pair symmetrical heat-resistant cable, developed by the Design Bureau, is one of the main elements of the ISS information network. It is used to connect and American computers and equipment.

Special load-carrying control cables were also created at the enterprise. Thanks to one of them, the USSR pilot-cosmonaut Alexei Leonov made the first man in the world to go into outer space.


The Scientific Research Institute of Aviation Equipment (NIIAO), which is a member of KRET, is the head enterprise for the creation of simulators for cosmonaut training.

The institute's specialists developed more than 20 simulators for all manned spacecraft from the “East” to the “Buran” and the “Soyuz TMA”. A simulator was created exactly at NIIAO to prepare for the flight of Yuri Gagarin.

The primer of the Research Institute of Aerosoids of Russia has been recognized as a simulator based on the centrifuge TsF-18, which is still one of the main means of training astronauts. The scale of the ZF-18, the only centrifuge in the world in terms of its parameters, is truly amazing: the rotation radius is 18 meters, the total mass of rotating parts 305 tons, the power of the main engine is about 27 megawatts.

Today, modern simulators from scientific research institutes are being commissioned to prepare crews for flights on Soyuz-TMA ships with the latest computer systems and the ability to provide excellent visualization.


In 1971, the specialists of the Ufa Instrument-Making Production Association (UPPO) received a special order for the creation of the first electric shaver for astronauts.

A regular razor in space was not suitable, since there is no industrial network in 220В, and besides, in the absence of gravity, the hairs will fly throughout the ship.

As a result of numerous agreements with the designers of the spacecraft, the electric shaver “Agidel-K” appeared. In addition to the power supply from the onboard network 27В, it was equipped with a built-in micro vacuum cleaner.

Models have successfully passed space tests. The first to appreciate the quality of the electric shaver were the Soviet cosmonauts Pavel Popovich and Yuri Artyukhin and voiced it to the whole world directly from the spacecraft. Later more than one generation of Soviet cosmonauts thanked the Ufa electric razor. Until now, the space shaver is a unique development, which has no analogues in the world.


KRET enterprises successfully participated in the development and production of on-board equipment for domestic spacecraft of the Vostok, Soyuz, lunar orbital spacecraft, Mir orbital stations and the ISS, the Progress cargo spacecraft.

Above the equipment for the Vostok-1 spacecraft, on which Yuri Gagarin made the first space flight in the world, specialists of many Concern enterprises worked.

NIIAO specialists have developed equipment for the first spacecraft: information display systems and manual controls. Another enterprise that is included in the Concern today, AVEKS, has created a fuel consumption control system for the rocket, with the help of which the Vostok-1 was launched.

Airborne equipment for the Mir station was produced in the UPPO. A total of about 400 devices were produced. The total weight of the onboard equipment manufactured at the Ufa plant for the Mir station exceeded 1 a ton. Later, devices for MKS modules with a total weight of more than 2 tons were also manufactured in the UPPO.

Today, the Ufa enterprise manufactures controls for the onboard complex of transport ships, and also participates in the modernization of the Russian segment of the ISS station and the deployment of a multi-purpose laboratory module (MLM).

One of the latest space achievements of the Concern can be called the Neptun-ME control system for the Soyuz-TMA series developed by the Institute of Aviation Equipment.

Neptune-ME is a modernized version of the Neptune information display system created at the institute as far back as 1999. NIIAO is one of the few in the world and the only supplier in Russia of information display systems of this level.

The system is able to control and efficiently control the onboard systems of a manned spacecraft. Neptun-ME is a control panel with three processors and two matrix liquid crystal screens.

The new system has already been successfully tested - the Soyuz-TMA manned spacecraft No. XXUMX, equipped with the Neptun-ME, was successfully launched last May.


The development of competitive space technology requires a transition to new types of batteries. One of the leading Russian developers of modern lithium-ion batteries for spacecraft is OJSC "Aviation Electronics and Communication Systems ”(AVEKS), a member of KRET.

The characteristics of such batteries are much higher compared to other types of batteries with a similar service life and the number of charge-discharge cycles. But still the main advantage of these batteries is the reduction in weight compared to traditional batteries.

According to expert estimates, the use of lithium-ion batteries on telecommunications satellites 15-20 kW will reduce the mass of batteries by 300 kg. This will significantly reduce financial costs, given that the cost of putting a useful mass into 1 orbit is about 30 thousand dollars.
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  1. sv68
    sv68 April 18 2014 09: 35
    we would have to build our own orbital station, and even with such partners as nasa and eka porridge you won’t cook porridge. yes, it’s time to do our microelectronics and not Asian buy
    1. inkass_98
      inkass_98 April 18 2014 10: 15
      It's about time, but all this costs a lot of money, and our chips are still the largest in the world (albeit reliable), not to mention processors. So we still have to study and study. I recall that the chicks of the Yeltsin nest argued that we in the field of electronics were behind the leading countries for years on 15. From this, they drew the original conclusion - we must not catch up with the urgent pace, but buy the finished element base abroad. As a result, we are no longer behind 15 years, but all 25. And the situation is not improving much.
  2. Gagarin
    Gagarin April 18 2014 12: 44
    I read a bike saying that in response to our electric razor, the United States created a unique ballpoint pen, a computer dosed ink pressure in it and it could write as if under gravity ...
    1. sazhka4
      sazhka4 April 18 2014 16: 47
      Quote: Gagarin
      Gagarin UA Today, 12:44 PM New

      I apologize .. Without reading the comments to the end, I decided to say .. And here is the "stupid" and "natural" result. Do not be offended .. I deleted it .. I said the same thing, just in other words ..
  3. The comment was deleted.
  4. Morgan
    Morgan April 18 2014 23: 34
    The space toilet on the shuttle cost 23 green leam ... And where is that shuttle?
  5. Aleks_good
    Aleks_good April 21 2014 23: 57
    you know .., I love our cosmos, idolize, adore and respect ... BUT telling today about the great achievement at the peak of scientific thought (Li-ion) is a bit ... strange. Are they so complex that we still fly into space (Ni-MH) for example? I can not believe this...
  6. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 April 28 2014 21: 04
    Space is a delicate matter. Not all terrestrial technologies can simply be transferred there. Features of functioning according to statics, work under conditions of increased radiation background, lack of gravity ... all these are factors requiring a specialized approach and EXPERIENCE.
    The enterprises included in KRET have both experience and experience ... GOOD LUCK.