Military Review

World record Mi-12 not beaten until now

46
World record Mi-12 not beaten until now



Among the exhibits of the Air Force Museum in Monino near Moscow you can see, probably, the most fantastic rotorcraft - the legendary Mi-12. This is the most powerful, heavy and lifting helicopter ever built in the world.

At the end of the 50-s, the Mil Design Bureau began the first research on the creation of a giant helicopter capable of transporting cargo weighing more than 30 tons. A similar machine was needed for the military, in particular for the transport of components of intercontinental ballistic missiles, as well as for civilian purposes, for example, for the delivery of heavy loads to areas without roads.

It can be said without exaggeration that all helicopters created under the leadership of Mikhail Mil have always been successful and practical and still remain among the best in the world. In the second half of the last century, they were simply the best in the world. In the case of the Mi-12, Mikhail Mil and his design bureau again confirmed their superiority, creating the most powerful helicopter ever flown in the world.



DESIGN

The classic single-rotor scheme could not be used at such a carrying capacity. Michael Mil chose the transverse scheme, the most difficult in the technical sense.

On each wing of the helicopter there were two gas turbine engines D-25VF located on it. The total power of the power plant of the giant helicopter was 26 thousand hp The fuel was placed in the wing and outboard tanks.

The cockpit was located in front of the fuselage and was two-story. It was followed by a huge cargo compartment, which could accommodate a large number of military equipment, from guns and cars to heavy tanks.

Mi-12 is striking in its size so far. On each nacelle, almost the size of a fighter, a screw with a diameter of 35 is placed. The wingspan of the helicopter is 37. If it is necessary to use the Mi-12 as a civilian vehicle, 220 people could sit in it. The helicopter was able to fly 1000 km with a normal load of 25-30 tons, at a cruising speed of 240 km / h.



RECORDS AND WORLD RECOGNITION

In August, the 1969 of the year, the Mi-12 set an absolute record for helicopters carrying capacity, which has not been broken so far: the car quietly took on the 44 300 kg. In total, the 12 world records were set on the Mi-7.

International recognition of the giant helicopter came in 1971, when the first experienced Mi-12 flew to France to participate in the air show at Le Bourget. American specialists were simply amazed by the superiority of the Soviet helicopter.

“Before the engineering achievement, which is the Mi-12, you can only take off your hat!” Said the son of the famous helicopter designer Sergey Sikorsky. The American delegation awarded the Mil Design Bureau “Prize I.I. Sikorsky ”, which is awarded for outstanding achievements in the helicopter industry.

Unfortunately, Mikhail Mil did not see a huge line-up lined up for his creation in Le Bourget. The great Soviet designer died a year earlier, 31 January 1970, without waiting for the triumph of his last creation.



PROJECT CLOSURE

In October 1970, the state commission recommended the machine for mass production. The circumstances were such that only two copies were built. Its main customer, the Ministry of Defense, refused to use the Mi-12. The military no longer needed a helicopter of such a carrying capacity, thanks to the creation by that time of more efficient and lighter strategic missiles on mobile launchers. The Mil Design Bureau itself switched to launching a series of promising Mi-24 helicopters.

The first Mi-12 built was deposited with the Moscow Panky Helicopter Plant, in whose territory it remained permanently parked. Later in this car was placed the museum of M.L. Mile and his KB. The second helicopter was transferred to the aviation museum in Monino, where it is located now.

However, all the research obtained during the work on the Mi-12, were not in vain. Many of them were useful for future projects. The helicopter that was not put into service fulfilled another equally important mission: its creation once again showed the superiority of the design ideas of domestic engineers, their enthusiasm and striving for perfection.

Originator:
http://rostec.ru/news/4513065
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  1. FID
    FID April 2 2014 08: 34
    +13
    International recognition of the giant helicopter came in 1971, when the first experienced Mi-12 flew to France to participate in the air show at Le Bourget. American specialists were simply amazed by the superiority of the Soviet helicopter.

    “Before the engineering achievement, which is the Mi-12, you can only take off your hat!” Said the son of the famous helicopter designer Sergey Sikorsky. The American delegation awarded the Mil Design Bureau “Prize I.I. Sikorsky ”, which is awarded for outstanding achievements in the helicopter industry.
    You read these lines ... And now - the UAC at the next air show demonstrated the layout of the cabin MC-21.
    1. Ivan Petrovich
      Ivan Petrovich April 2 2014 09: 58
      0
      I've always asked pedrosovtsev, but today could we build something like this (well, say, like Energy-Buran)? a lot of fault on the collapse of education (primarily) and industry lies with them. And to blame everything on ebn and Gaidarites, in general, this already will not work.
      1. Letterksi
        Letterksi April 2 2014 10: 41
        +6
        Could, if the design bureau was headed by techies, and not financiers, and the economy was not sausage from the five-year plan to the five-year plan. Still not built
        1. Ivan Petrovich
          Ivan Petrovich April 2 2014 11: 17
          0
          that's it! and why are only the close ones, but not understanding anything, headed? there are a lot of them, where a lot of money spins. And all THEY MEMBERS of the pedra
        2. Ivan 63
          Ivan 63 April 2 2014 20: 00
          -1
          It's right. But the ideology of patriotism is important.
        3. Ivan 63
          Ivan 63 April 2 2014 20: 00
          0
          It's right. But the ideology of patriotism is important.
  2. nemez
    nemez April 2 2014 09: 30
    0
    very complex construction
    1. avt
      avt April 2 2014 13: 03
      +5
      Quote: nemez
      very complex construction

      What? Brilliantly executed! Almost two eights carry a huge bag by the handles. smile When you are standing nearby, it inspires!
      1. SVAROZHICH
        SVAROZHICH April 2 2014 14: 31
        +3
        I would say not just inspire but delight !!! fellow It is a pity that almost the only museum exhibit that is maintained in good condition
        1. Sergei75
          Sergei75 April 2 2014 16: 25
          0
          Yes, I was in Monino last year, a sad sight! Especially with childhood memories when he was there for the first time.
      2. family tree
        family tree April 2 2014 19: 20
        +4
        Quote: avt
        Almost two eights carry a huge bag by the handles.

        I'm wildly sorry, but still, two sixes
        1. avt
          avt April 2 2014 20: 24
          +1
          Quote: perepilka
          I'm wildly sorry, but still, two sixes

          Maybe he was mistaken, I don’t remember which engines are in memory. Yes, you're right - gears from the six. hi
  3. inkass_98
    inkass_98 April 2 2014 09: 36
    +2
    A beautiful and powerful car, as a reflection of its era. Of the minuses - the dimensions, it would be very prudent to choose a site, you will not land on a patch.
    And so you look at him and think - you know how to do!
    1. 0255
      0255 April 2 2014 14: 18
      +1
      Quote: inkass_98
      Of the minuses - the dimensions, it would be very prudent to choose a site, you will not land on a patch.

      Why do you call its dimensions a minus? With SUCH carrying capacity its dimensions are and must be so!
  4. buzer
    buzer April 2 2014 09: 52
    +2
    There was an article on the site that the Chinese want to create an analogue of the Mi-12. I don’t remember the details, but the scheme will be the same as on the Mi-12.
    1. 0255
      0255 April 2 2014 14: 21
      0
      it will be interesting to see what comes of it
      1. abrakadabre
        abrakadabre April 2 2014 16: 13
        +1
        There was an article on the site that the Chinese want to create an analogue of the Mi-12. I don’t remember the details, but the scheme will be the same as on the Mi-12.

        it will be interesting to see what comes of it

        From this they will get the Mi-12. Only in the coloring of the Chinese Air Force and under its own name.
  5. sv68
    sv68 April 2 2014 10: 12
    +2
    handsome. young man Miles, he overtook time with his helicopter
    1. timurit
      timurit April 3 2014 20: 38
      0
      Ka-22 appeared before, so that time did not overtake Mi-12 but Ka-22
  6. Azaat
    Azaat April 2 2014 10: 54
    0
    With this arrangement, the site should be large and well prepared. I still like the layout of Pyasetsky's "Chinook" more. The longitudinal arrangement of the propellers still requires less space, and the weight distribution has less effect on the flight of the car.
    1. FID
      FID April 2 2014 11: 07
      +6
      We had such a Yak-24 was called!
      1. Sergei75
        Sergei75 April 2 2014 16: 28
        0
        There is he in this museum, a sad sight! It's a pity.
  7. Wiruz
    Wiruz April 2 2014 10: 59
    +1
    Yeah It is a pity that this device did not go into a series ...
  8. UVB
    UVB April 2 2014 11: 29
    +7
    Add nothing, a unique car. Just a small clarification. The correct name is B-12, and the Mi-12 was not officially adopted.
    1. FID
      FID April 2 2014 12: 35
      +4
      Would go into a series - then they would call. An example is Su-27, on tests - T-10.
  9. sso-xnumx
    sso-xnumx April 2 2014 12: 45
    +1
    In the old days they wrote "in the interests of the national economy", but now they wrote "for civil purposes." What civilians? For what purpose? Unclear...
  10. Eugene
    Eugene April 2 2014 12: 50
    +5
    Giant!
    Photos (as always) of their own.
    1. tchack
      tchack April 2 2014 16: 15
      +5
      MI-26 is also not bad ...





      1. Eugene
        Eugene April 2 2014 17: 14
        +1
        But what, - Great!
  11. Eugene
    Eugene April 2 2014 12: 53
    +5
    Cabin in the approach.
  12. Chukcha
    Chukcha April 2 2014 13: 04
    0
    Handsome man! Interestingly, if reengineering a design using new technologies is carried out, how much will it be in demand? From an economic and technical point of view?
    1. FID
      FID April 2 2014 15: 46
      +4
      You see, depending on who will consider the economy. If the modern manager - then there is no rollback - there is no economy either. And so, Soviet designers laid the colossal potential of improvements and improvements. Then the capitalists took it into service. Please note that most American aircraft (transporters, bombers) are constantly remotorized and finalized by avionics. And no one yells about MORAL OUTLINE !!!
      1. storog.cccp
        storog.cccp April 2 2014 17: 08
        +1
        Big things require big tools. Unfortunately now there is no work for such giants, for individual tasks, the existing MI-26 is enough. But recent events give hope that Russia will again become great. And the great power and great aviation.
  13. Deniska
    Deniska April 2 2014 13: 41
    +1
    YES it's not HERLICOPTER.
  14. Dwarfik
    Dwarfik April 2 2014 14: 04
    +1
    Faster, higher, stronger! No wonder there was such a motto!
  15. Giant thought
    Giant thought April 2 2014 14: 51
    +6
    Elegant, powerful, still inaccessible, well, what else can I add? Such a great helicopter could be built only by one great power in the world - the USSR!
    1. patsantre
      patsantre April 2 2014 17: 29
      -1
      Of course, I do not detract from the merits of our designers, the machine really inspires, but there is nothing architected about it. Any developed country could create an analogue. Perhaps inferior to ours in terms of character (and given how many years have passed, it is most likely superior. Then they could hardly surpass, yes), but nonetheless. There are no unique technologies in it. Therefore, the question is not who can, but who needs it.
  16. Proud.
    Proud. April 2 2014 17: 02
    0
    It was an old (relatively) infa. From 2009. The Americans built the world's first flying hotel-Hotelicopter, developed on the basis of the Soviet super-heavy helicopter Mi B-12 (Mi-12). Hotelicopter is 41 meters long and almost 14 meters high. He is able to lift weight of 105 tons and reach a speed of 255 km / h.
    1. 52
      52 April 2 2014 17: 53
      0
      Infa from 01.04.2009/5/XNUMX. Passed, if not mistaken, through XNUMX TV channels.
    2. Fanat1984
      Fanat1984 April 2 2014 18: 19
      +1
      Americans built


      And where is his photo, and not the picture on the computer cooked up? Almost all the inventions of the Americans are in someone with 3,14 burned designs: Incandescent lamp; helicopter; airbag; cellular; invisible aircraft and much, much more! The only things invented by the Americans are the atomic bomb and the electric chair ...

      How humanity lived without this before, I can’t even imagine ...
  17. svp67
    svp67 April 2 2014 17: 36
    +1
    So, some information ...






    Roll-out of a B-12 helicopter from the assembly plant of the cost center in Panky to a finishing site, 1967

    Two Mi's two ...

    In the shadow of his huge wings ...
  18. The comment was deleted.
  19. Anton Gavrilov
    Anton Gavrilov April 2 2014 18: 39
    +1
    I saw him in Monino — made a lasting impression!
  20. polite people
    polite people April 2 2014 23: 49
    +1
    Our Aviation is the most aviation in the world. yes
  21. MLC 56
    MLC 56 April 2 2014 23: 50
    +1
    Yes, a good car, no doubt.
  22. BULLET7.62
    BULLET7.62 April 3 2014 00: 07
    +1
    I came across a Kaman K-MAX helicopter a long time ago, also an interesting idea))
  23. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker April 3 2014 07: 50
    0
    Beautiful and powerful bird. It’s a pity that it does not fly ... A kaman ... did not understand how his blades can rotate? Well they should cling to each other!
    1. family tree
      family tree April 3 2014 07: 54
      +2
      Quote: Peacemaker
      But the kaman ... did not understand how his blades can rotate?

      Towards, the blade passes over the adjacent screw, the phase shift is 90%. hi
  24. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker April 3 2014 10: 38
    0
    At VO there was an article about kaman. An interesting and simple scheme.
  25. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker April 3 2014 10: 38
    0
    At VO there was an article about kaman. An interesting and simple scheme.
  26. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker April 3 2014 10: 39
    0
    Thank! Just got it! At VO there was an article about kaman. An interesting and simple scheme.
  27. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker April 3 2014 10: 40
    0
    Thank! Just got it! At VO there was an article about kaman. An interesting and simple scheme. From a distance, it looks like a dragonfly.
  28. Peacemaker
    Peacemaker April 3 2014 10: 43
    0
    Thank! Just got it! At VO there was an article about kaman. An interesting and simple scheme. From a distance, it looks like a dragonfly.